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THE 



LITERARY GAZETTE; 

AND 

" JOURNAL ^[/^^.lii 

OP 

FOR THE YEAR 

1839. 



COMPBI8INO 

REVIEWS OF NEW PUBLICATIONS; 

ORIGINAL ESSAYS ON POLITE LITERATURE, THE ARTS AND SCIENCES; 
POETRY; CRITICISMS ON THE FINE ARTS, THE DRAMA, &c.; 

BIOGRAraV; 

CORRESPONDENCE OF DISTINGUISHED PERSONS ; 

ANECDOTES, JEUX D'ESPRIT, Ac; 

SKETCHES OF SOCIETY AND MANNERS; 
PROCEEDIKOS OF SCIENTIFIC AND LEARNED SOCIETIES; 

ASTRONOMICAL REPORTS, METEOROLOGICAL TABLES, LITERARY INTELUOENCE, &c. Its. 



LONDON: 

PRINTED BT KOTBft AVD BARCLAT, CASTLB BTRBBT, L8ICBBTIR S{|trAItBi 

PUBLISkCD FOR TIU PROPRIETORS. AT THE LITERARY GAZETTE OFFICE. WELLINGTON STREET. WATERLOO BRIDGE. STRAND: 

ARB Alio ET A. AND C. BLACK, EDUrEUROH ; ■MITR AVD SOIT, p. ROBBmXIOir, AMD muTHEBaLEIT AND CO., OLABOOW; JOHN CUM XINO, 
DUBLIN ; AT TOE LlBKAimiE DE8 ETRAVOEK9, HUE NEUVE, 8T. AUOUSTIW, PARIS ; A. A8BER, BRBLIN AND 
FETERSBORO ; AND ALL OTHER BOOKiELLERS, NEWSMEN, &C. 



1839. Digitized by Google 



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THE LITERARY GAZETTE ; 



AND 



No. 1146. 



LONDON, SATUUDAY, JANUARY 5. 1839. 



PBICB 8d. 



SBVXSW OF MBW BOOKS. 
CtrrtwpoivUnae Wmam PiU^ Earl nf Chat- 
ham. Edited by WilUun Stanhope Taylor, 
Em). and Capt. J<d)n Henry Frin^, £zecu- 
ton of hit Son, Jdm, Earl of Chatham, and 
published from the Original Manuscripta in 
their Pouauion. Vol. II. 8ro. pp. 471. 
Loadon, 1B38. Mnrmy. 
BxFOBE Mying a word m the important oon- 
teoti of this rohme, wo hava to beMow oar 
heMy imiae upoo the care and dillgenoa be* 
■towM upon iti arrangament and aonotaUon by 
Air. Taylor and Ca^t. Pringle, who have realty 
perfonoad their oaeful taak in to able a nunner 
M richly to deserve the public commendation. 
Readers are leldtMn aware of the paini and 
trouble it leqolrea to aatiafy datea and taeore 
Meonn and order in pnUIoitiont ctf thU Idnd f 
and it M, iberefoie, that we Ceel the greater 
aattrfaction in directing attention at the mtiet 
to the merit! here dieiwayed. 

The light thrown upon parliamentary pro- 
etedioga, at a period when reporting waa pro- 
hibited or in Iti ioAuey, it not one bf the Meat 
nhiaUe leaoltt to be acquired tton thii corre- 
ipoodeoee t and other historical illnitrations, as 
well as cnrioos points In the individoal charac- 
ters of pubho men baving much inflnanoa on 
the age in whioh they flonirished, are necessary 
oonseqneeees i^lia contemporary and nnUassed 
Twelatiimti 

One letter in Deoember 1757, one in 1768, 
fonr ]n l7S9,and a number in 1760, 61,63, 63, 
04, 05, and 1766, when, in July, Mr. Pitt 
finally arranged his new miutstry, fill this 
vohunet and the next must aceoi^ngly em 
brace a most interestiiig epodi. But our busi- 
ness is with that before ui ; and we do so at 
once, without further preface. Here is a re 
maritaUe nodee of the nlatibni between the 
King of Pmsaia and Vehaire (Maroh 1760), in 
■ conAdential letter from flir. Hitdidl, at Ber 
Un, to Lord Hbldemeae, the secretary for 
foreign aflUrs ; it is dated SItt Jnly, and 

** * Two days q^, happening to dine with the 
King of Protsia akme, I took the Uberty to 
uhswia, that aoae late letter his Pmnlan 
majeety bad written, which had fallen Into the 
FkOToh minister's hands, seemed to hare glren 
great oAnoe. His Pmssian majeaty refdied, 
' I hare wrote no letter bat one to Voltaire.* I 
T«n cured to say, ' Periiapt yonr majesty may 
hare in that letter made use of some strong 
eipiewiflus with r^ard to tbe Duke of Qboi. 
senlt* heanswered, * No, I think I made use of 
tUt proverbia] praise, that the duke waa pos- 
sessed by ten millions <A Austrian derils that 
at to the rest, he had told Voltaire he would 
keep to kit altianoe with England, and that if 
the Fmdb had a mind for peace, they must 
^enk out plainlyt and be said that this letter 
i» Voltaire waaan answer to fiM be had reeelTed 
from him, in whidi Voliaira bad assond bim, 
that tbe Freneh ministry were perfectly well 
disposed towards a p«eoe. I think it pn^Mr to 
acqaa i ot your Itwdsnip minutely with every dr- 
cnmttaaoe eanceming this affair, which I with 
may agree with tbe aacnanta reeeiTed from other 
puts : but I cannot help adding, Aat the King 
■r F»iMla*a flomipandeM witb ^Min baa, 



on this and on former oocadons, given me some 
unensineu and lumldons; for I bdien the 
court of France make use of the artfnl pen of 
Voltaire to draw secreu from the King of 
Prussia ; and when that prince writes as a wit 
to a wit, he Is capable of great Indiscretions. 
But what surprises me still more is, that when* 
ever Voltaire s name li mentioned, bis Pnudan 
majesty never falls to give bftn the epidwts be 
may deserve ; which are, * The worst heart and 
greatest rascal now living yet with all this he 
oontlnaes to correspond with him. Such, in 
tills prince. Is the lust of praise from a great and 
elegant writer ; In which, however, be will at 
last be the dupe : for, by what I hear of Vol- 
taire's character, he may dissemble, but never 
can nor- ever will fcn^ve the King ot PmssU 
for what bu passed between them?«JVUoAftf 

The seven ymra* war we abst^n from touch- 
ing, because the few scattered lights we could 
sdect would not illuminate tfaat itirriug epoch 
sufiidently to reward as or our readers ; and we 
therefore more wUUngly pass on to mattm more 
susceptible of extract. Itiaamadngtofindtbe 
patriou Barr£, Wilkes, and othett, s(riidtlng 
promotion and places from tbe minister; and 
delightful to see, by his answers, bow firmly he 
followed tbe line of his duty unswerved by all 

Sirivate mod vet. In the midst of all bis toils, 
■ not tbe fdlowing a ddidous picture ?— 

Mr. Pitt io Ladtf Httter Pitt. 

"July*, mi. 
My dearest Life,— I have gone through tbe 
labours of the coitm diplomatique from ten this 
morning till past two, and am not at all tbe 
worse for tbe sweat at my brow. I have juit 
received an ejriatle from Pam,* with a continua- 
tion of good acconnta from tbe norsery. All 
are la peiftct baalUt. I propoM to see them 
to.mOROw evening, and to devote Saturday to 
ehildnnandtobay-mi^ng; and IhopeSonday 
will prove a day of rest from butineas — a day of 
Impatience, but of a sweeter kind, it is sure to 
prove, big with tbe dear expectation of receiving 
again my delif^t and oomfort on Monday. The; 
enclosed note to Lord Temple you will be so 
good as to deliver to him. My oompUments to 
all. Yoor ever btvlng husband, 

« W. Pitt." 
A lord-mayor's day, after Mr. Pitt's resigna- 
tion of the seals, and to whidi be was prMsed 
by Mr. Beckford, is a picture of the times. 

" miHam Beckford, Eiq. to Mr, Pitt.^ 
" Sobo Squie. November 6> 
" My dear Sir,— There doei not a man exist 
who is more heartily and warmly attadiad to 
you than myself. You may, thwefore, nsily 
concdve t would not advise any measure that 
could possibly be of detriment to you, or my 
country. Men's hopes and fears are strangdy 
agitated at this critical juncture; but all agree 
universally, that you ought to make your ap- 
pearance at OuUdball on Monday next with 



Lord Temple; and, upon the maturest reflec- 
tion, I am dear you ought not to refose this 
favour to those who are so sincerely vour 
friends. As you cannot say any one prediction 
of mine baa proved false, so I hope you will 
give me an opportunity of being declared n true 
prophet in the present case; which will afford 
great oomfort to, my dear Sir, yoor ever faithful 
and affectionate, " W. Beckfobd." 

*' Thomaa Nuthail, Eta.* to Ladf Chatham. 

" FiUsjr, November u, i;8i. 
When I wrote my last note to your lady« 
ship, I bad beard but tittle conoeming the tri. 
umpbal entry Into the city on Lord.Mayor's 
di^. It now come* out, that a party of 
bruisers, with George Sti^ensm, tbe one- 
eyed fighting coadiman, at 'thrir bead, lud 
been hired to attend tbe chariot wiiicb con. 
tuned the blaaing comet and tbe new chan- 
cellor of the exchequert (which last, It -teems, 
has undertaken to raise the supplies for the 
next year by a tax upon wild duckt), aud to 
procure shouts and acdamations from tbe mob. 
By the time the processltm, wbldi moved but 
■lowly, bad got into St. Paul's Churchyard, 
these fellows had hallooed tfaemielves hoarse ; 
and it had been given out that Mr. Pitt was in 
tbe chariot, by which means, they had artfully 
obtidned the mob to join them: but, nu the 
east tide of St. Paul's Churchyard, some know- 
ing hand stepped up, and looking full at the 
idol, pronusnced, with a fine, hoarse, audible 
voice, *By 0—4, this is not Pitt; this is 
Bute, and l>e damned to bIm !* (I b^ pardon 
of your ladyship for writing sudi words, but 
historians ought to tell facts as they happened.) 
Upon this, tbe tide took another turn; and tbe 
bruisers* lungs being worn out, the thonti from 
the independent mobility were instantly con- 
verted into hisses, acoompanied with a ttw 
vulgar tayiiigs, as * D— n all Sootch rogues !' 
'No Bate!' * No Newcastle salmon !' "Pitt 
f(w ever r By the time they reached Chetp. 
aide, It was discovered there were some bniisera 
hired ibr protectors: this gave still greater 
(^ence, and then they bcfan to be more out- 
rageous ; and on tbe- binrlnto King Street an 
attack began on tbe coachman and footmen 
behind with dirt, some of which found iu way 
into tbe chariot, and very much altered the 
fltdonr of the new chancellor's rufflea;t for it 
fixed on him only. Before they arrived at 



■ "AliuiuUwnaimoriln.SpUTv,ainMlfUllifuluHl 
■ttacbad Mmnt, who. In the capidty oTuune, brougfat 
up til the dUUretL" 

t "Bndoiwd by Lwly OMthtm : — • Mr. Bafklbtd, 
ITfll : to mu my lord to anieBr with l<ord Tmplei to 
which h» ileUed (or hta AdSS^Nke; but, at healwayi 
dedtred, Mh then aaA sllsv, afUnsI hU better Judg- 



" Mr. Nutball wu tn emliMnt H^tor, who tni»t< 
■cted Mr. PItt'i private botlneH from ■ T«y ctrlv period 
uatll hli dsttb. In 170S> he tppointMl mIicIiot to 
the treuury. Oo return lag tnm Baih> In Much ITJS, 
he wtt attacked by a bighwaymaa on Houiulaw Heath; 
who, on hit denand* not btus compiled with, flred into 
the carriage. Mr. NnthaU returned tbe in, and, it to 
thou^t. wounded the niaBi at be rode oO* prrdintalaly. 
On arrlTbig at the Ian at Hounriow. bs wrute a dcKriii- 
tXaa of tbeMlowloSIr JohaPWdfaif t buthadM»Ke)y 
doted the latter, wbwi hseK^rad." 



f •' Lord Barrinitton.' 
} " In a 1< 



letter wiltten about tbk time to Mr. Hitchen, 
the 'new chancellor * nyi. 'leonttmie, my dear Mitchell, 
without application, to adnaoe. or Indeed d«ilrc i being 
canTlnced that I have long been pieced too high. When 
the time come* fat my rettrlnt lo the tituatlon be*l 
adapted to my natnra. I bom tq fall asitly. I promiie 

Sou that your old Mend will not fkU in the dlr^ If the 
uty lou owe to the beat and moit amiabte maiter that 
am lived linoe the days of Titui would permit you to 
Itave tbe itaUoa you are now in. it would give roe liiBBtlt 
MtWkcUon. OMhlendalUloS'. and I flal new one* are 
not ao eaai]^ made 1 jhODght thqr wm.wlMn I wai 



2 



THE UTERARY GAZETTE, AND 



Guildhall, the bruisers were almost bruised to 
deatli themselres. Stephenson had l>een obliged 
to retire iwdeF tht otwrrint, and with ffreat dif. 
ficultj got into OoiUhull Coffee- home in great 
liisgrace, and trampled iind«r foot. It was 
with na Mnall laboar the diariot got up to the 
gat« aT OuUdbaUf where the ooattables and 
pence-officers, being niunerous, prevented fnr- 
t)ier mischief; but had there been a furlong 
further to go, the mob would certainly have 
cut the harnesses in pieces, and probably gone 
to greater extremity. At night, hia lordship 
took the opportunity to get into the lord chan' 
eellor't state cx)ach, and went away with him, 
and by that meant got home quietly ; hut 1 
hare not yot heiEd how he rested. — I am, 
madaiD} your mou obedient serrant, 

" T. NuTHaLL." 

A noU ertwo in mm of Hr. MitdMH's in- 
teretiing comspondenee will shew na a little of 
(ha insida of parlUumot about ihii period^ 

Yettorday^whcn the report was made from 
the committae, and Rlr. Pitt was not present, a 
new attack was made upon him by some mem- 
bers who had not spoken the day bef<m. Co- 
lonel Barr£, whom Ijord Shelbame brought 
into parliament, renewed the debate with un- 
usual warmth, making nso of ospmsioni ex. 
tremely harsh, such hi that of a * profitgate 
minister,' and the ' execration of the people of 
England.* He was censured by Charies Town> 
■hend'and Mr, Beiokford. I<ord Oeo^ Sack- 
▼ille took occasion to speak that day for the 
first time since his disgrace; and, it la 'said, 
spoke with gnat addreaa and great ointton, bnt 
In opposition to the measnres of a Qonuan 
war. . • • • 

Jan. 29, 1702. Would yon know a little 
of the humour of parliament, and particularly 
with regard to Air. Pitt ? I must dten tell you 
that Colonel Barr6, a soldier of fortune, a 
young man bom in Dublin of parents of a 
mean condition, his father and mother from 
France, and established in a littla gmeer's shop 
by the patronage of the Bishop of Clogher ; a 
child of whom the mother nursed (these par> 
ticulars I have from Mr. Milhr, upon his own 
certain knowledge) ; this young man (a man of 
address and parts), fmind out, pushed, and 
brought into parliament by Lord glwlbnme, had 
not sat two days ia the house before he attadied 
Mr. Pitt. I shall gire yon a specimen of his 
philippics. Talking of the manner of Mr. Pltt^ 
spealcing, be said, * There he would stand, 
turning np fall oyn to heaven, that witnessed 
his perjunea, and laying his hand in a solemn 
manner npon the tu>le, that aacHtoglons hand 
that had bean employed in tearing out the 
boweh of Ui mother ooiintry ! ' Would yon 
think that Mr. Pitt would hear this and be 
silent; or wouM yon think that the house 
would suffer a reipeetable member to be thus 
treated F Yet so It was." 

Ou^ nesi fuKuloa Is a remarkable one, and 
wilL we think, both aniisa and nieaae our 
raaders, tho fint by tbo lettar, tho last by tbf> 
answer. 

« nt Itmt. Pamt Ouminna Mr. PUi. 
" HaKUim, aw ChaAan, DMsmbw 4. 17H. 

Honoured sir, — I am a olergyman, and a 
sincere well-wisher to tlie glorious society in 
Albemarle Staaai, mid to all Mr. Piit'a frimda 
and party. 'I bavooften had dumghtst^mak. 
ing my wishes Iibowq to Mr. Pitt, but hare 
hitlierto bean deterred by the tmu and aw« of 
approaching so great a name. I have at length 
broke through my natural timidity, and hare 
ventured in tUs maonor to let dte glorfens 
miuority kntnr, tftoy haro many frieads fo 
secret. My intention of lativdtaf up«i yasr 



time, is this. In my two parishes I can pro- 
cure eight or nine votes ; and in the neighbour- 
hood I may rentnre to say I oould procure 
twenty. I belong to a dnb of gentlemen, some 
of whom hare rotes, and all nnivre partisans of 
Mr. PltU Our Intention is to bring In at the 
dection for the eminty some gentleman of your 
party ; that It, the party of honour and virtue. 
If Mr. Wilkes returns to EngUnd by the time 
of the election, and if you would honour us so 
far aa to send down that able statesman, I 
sincerely believe the county in general would 
elect him for his own and your sake. If it Is 
incompatible with Mr. Wilkes's, affairs to 
represent the county, I dare be liold to say, 
that the county will make choice of any one you 
wilt recommend. I have some thoughts of 
writing a pamphlet, to exhort the people of 
England to repeal the union act. This book I 
should be extremely glad of dedicating to Lord 
Chief JustioB Prau; or, if I could hare your 
permlssioD of dedicating it to rnnradf, 1 should 
think myself superlatirely happy. In this 
little pamphlet I have tnused the union from 
the time that Edward the First conquered 
Scotland, and shall point out, honetto calamOt 
all the miseries and disgraces England hat 
suffered, dnee the hat been united to that bar. 
ren prorlnoe. I bare nothing more to add, 
but to ask your pardon for this great freedom. 
I am, honourable Sir, your moat obedient, most 
humble servant, Paul Sbextov." 

*^ Mr. Pitti»aa Sm. Pml Skmitm. 

[Pross a tei^ht fei Lady VHaOaa/* haadwridi^] 
Hajes, DiriiabtrB. 1?St. 
Sir, — Uartsg received a letter signed with 
the name to whi^ I direet this, I cannot defer 
a moment exprassing my aatonidimant and am- 
oen, tiiac om of your rank, a dergynaa, oould 
so mtaooaceive oi me, at to imagine that I 
oountenaBoed libels, becauie I ditapprored part 
of tba methods of proceeding relating to taam. 
Let ma undeceive you, air, by telling you, that 
no welUwisher of mine, which yon are to good 
as to Bay you ar^ caa have led you into thii 
orror. I have ev«r abhorrad twut odious and 
dangerous writings ; and Im the late unhappy 
iustanoe of the NorUi Briton, no nan ooacorrad 
more heartily than I did in oMidomning and 
branding so UoNttiout and eriminal a paper. 
Next, as to a pamphlet, which yoa say you 
hare thoogbu of writiog, to eahort the po^le 
of Eloglaad to repeal tlie act of union, aud 
whteh you wish to dedioaie to me, or to the 
gnat laaglitrateyoit nMBtlent— know, air, ^lat 
I rmra the ti^eo, ai the main foandatian of 
tlie atrength and tacurity ef thia Island ; that 
it ma tha great object of our immortal de- 
liverer, King William ; that Fiaaoo may wiidi 
to dissolve it, bat that all good Englishmen will 
ever maintain it inviolata. You will, I doobt 
Hot, aooapt, in good part, tUi fiae, but not na< 
useful adnmoltion to miaguided aeal ; and if 
you reafly favour me with your good wishea, 
you will be glad to understand me aright. Be 
assured then, air, that I diadain and detest 
faction, as siiicerelyas I reverence and love the 
laws, rights, pririleges* and honour (X my 
country. — I am, sir, your obedient humhb 
aerrant, Williak Pitt. 

" F.S.— This letter to you may serve for all 
who, like yeu, are ao widely mistaken concern- 
ing ma." 

A Imtm / cr mtt timet (ram a patrfot,state«nan, 
and minister : — h might be printed f n type of 
gold. The doaacstie letten between this grait 
man aud his wife, are equaHy hononraUe to 
' Itia prirate rirtOM ; and we must give another 
example;— 

\ 



Mr. Pitt to Lady Chatham. 
" Bslb. Suitday, aoe o'clock, Nov. 17. J765. 

** My deatoM bve knows my diary aa far at 
Wells. It ooQtinnod quite pmsperous as far as 
Bath, where I arrived In the face of day. I 
passed a much better night for my fatigue, and 
I am better this morning ; foot much swelled, 
hand less weak, and easier. Thank the AI. 
mighty that I am able to send you sndi an 
account as your kind thoughts will repose on 
with eomfort. Brother James mudi better, 
bat shattered and pal* enough from having dis- 
persed the gout by bathing. I have the plea- 
sore to Cell you that his mind Is just In the 
reawmable posture that I could wish. Would 
to heaven he could Impart some of his right 
spirit somewhere else I The great of this 
world teem not to hava forgotten the Sosner- 
tetdiite hermit. If the mighty names ofMev- 
eaatl^ Norfolk, Bedford, Rookinghain, Ac, are 
flattering to the pride of man. 1 was inter- 
rapted hCTO by a kind visit from Mr. Collibee, 
the mayor, — a less sounding name, but an 
honest and ateady friend. How I shallaaatain 
these honours, I know nott but while I aan 
raladng them to my htva, the tj^riu flaw, and 
the hand obeys. 1 most, however, check my 
own career, and despatch the servant before 
another intemfptton. Hearan bless and pro- 
tect the noble mother, and the promising little 
flock! For this tinw, adien, and think with 
aona comfortafalo hope of the health of your 
avarJovlag husband, W. PiTV.^ 

*' JITr. PxU to Lady CliaAata. 

" Balk, HcsMlav Nl«ht. Nor. It, ITtt. 
" Thank Haaven that I am able to hold a 
pen, and tell mr love tlio feats I bare thia day 
pesfonned. I hare visited dM fair down of 
Clavarton, witii all iu piny fbratts, and hare 
drunk one ^aas of water as I retnrned, titling 
in my tiBadi of ttate^ in Stall Street. Hitherto 
all goea prMparontly wtik my bodily concerns ; 
to ua* I haro no pain, worth mentioning, but 
that of being separated from my kind lore, and 
not sating five Uttla facet, whicli fwmad round 
her a group, which suma all delight— ail which 
my beart can taste. It is, indeed, a pleasure 
to think that I am writing what will gire my 
dearatt Hfe pJeatuf^ and help to make the 
haors of teparatioo more easy and comfturtaUe. 
It nina eirtlities npon ma here, from vari«is 
qiiarterat and, to my own tense of things, only 
renders my tltuaticn more unaooounuble, not 
to tay ridiculous. But no more of this,— 

• mta HCB not PnvMsacs sH klad asd wiM, 
Alihe in What it granu, sod what Mm r 

The Hoodt are pretty well. The captain and 
Mr. Jamaadrenrille, at alto Mr. llnyor, are 
aU that I have opened my doors t«. Many, 
I And, are enough disposed to take a riew of 
me; whether from mere curiosity to see a 
strange new creature, via. a leader whom 
nobody follows, or any other reason why, I do 
not oonjectura. I mukt now, my life, dnw to 
a oendutioni for my hand adanonithat me not 
to be too bold. Kisses apon kittm to the little 
children. — Yeor ever-kiving husband, 

" W. Pitt." 
The grand American questions, wlddi sac- 
ceed and occupy tlie rest of the volume, we 
must leave to political reviewert; and conebde 
with OM letter, very fittlag to be given in a 
misosHany likeotirs. 

« Urd Cardrou h Mr, Pitl. 

" Wakot, Msr Badi, Jane It. l!ei> 
" Aeetft, my dear sir, from a friend who has 
the mott tutfingncd affection and respect for 

rii, them few liMo; In ntam for which, all 
ask io to have the hooear of a card from 



JOURNAL OF THE BlBLLES LETTHES 



3 



your most raluable bbaltli has been stoCe you 
left Bath. Sfv dear father ha* beeo gteatly 
iodUpoeed of ute, and is, at present, confined 
to his bed by a ferer. Hia brotlier>ln>1aw, 
{Kr J«am Stmiarti has been with hiin> — m 
nnfbnunate person, by one falie itep taken, 
eren agmintt hia true principles, rery early in 
Ufe, but a mm of consummate SBsadty, ereat 
CKperietice, and profound ]earnin([. He Is 
■boat to present to the republic of letters, next 
ninter, • woric of groat utility, which has cost 
him twenty rears* application, npoo the prln* 
eiples of pnlltleal ocommy. I oan pemsed 
part of It, and I know It will afford Mr. Pitt 
Meat pleamre, and me great Instmo^on. 
Thii ingenious nncle oF mine toU me one day, 
in eonrersatiOTf, that, after having lived fifty 
years, and gone throngh ahnMt all the geogra- 
phleal Bnd litersnr world, three tblngi only 
had snnnoaitted nis most sanguine ezpecta- 
tfons,— thfe amphitheatre at Verona, thediurcl] 
of St. Peter's at Rome, and Mr. Pitt In the 
House of Conimons. A brother of mine isj°*t 
arrived from our colonies of East and West 
Plorida, and gives me but a very nnfaTonrable 
aeeoont of tM' eaeaUKtles of nose countries. 
Hebronglittne, likewise, a oirloQs aceonnt of 
■ negro eonqneror, who hat snbdued a greet 
part of AfHca lying near our settlements, and 
oas occadoned the bnflding of onr new fort on 
Aat onest. He carries eight Arabic secretaries, 
*lw record his feats In that hmgoage. My bro- 
AMf has also oonrersed CommodoreByron's 
ofBoers, and eoafiiins the ilooounts of the Pfrta- 
gonin ^antt. I was mudi drf%hted by the 
aeeoontl of Ae Dnhe ef Orafton's spirited 
apology In the Ko^se of Lords. It appears to 
ne to have been such a testimony as I shmild 
have wiriied to have given In tnat assembly. 
—I am, with the most dneere regard and re- 
tpeet, your most ftlthftil and Obedient servant, 
" CAaonoss." 
Th« notM upon this letter affiird fair proof 
AfasedHprs* servleeat and we regret that by 
■n ovttUght, discovered too late to be reme- 
di«4, w« ouinol print and poblish them along 
with It. 



The BvitU$ (if Canada. By the Author of die 
Clodimakar." 8vo.pp.932. London, 1839. 
BentlOy. 

Sak 81.1CX (otherwise llr. Jnsttoe Halibnr. 
ton) li too popular to need a oomplimentsry 
faittndncdon to (he British, the American, or 
the Bnropean pnUic Bot in (he present woA 
ha has titken a graver tone, and snited bis 
maimer and krgninent to the importance of 
hb snbjeet. Not that we have not often tfie 
jfwfft>l^e tramonr and keen sarcasm of his 
former prodnctlons ; but, In the main, the na> 
tnreorfals statements are of neeesaity statisti- 
cal, polltlail, and inntrocUve. Rts ability, his 
experience, and his Intimate personal know* 
led^ of the colonies about which he writes, 
miut give grent weight to all he ai^ ; and we 
m ofaphiron that both fhoee who differ tttm, 
and dtose who a^vee with, his views of the 
past and preient condition and future prospects 
of theie national possessions, wfll read, and 
ponder, with advantage, the p^as whioi we 
now Intmduee to them. 

WIA npai totlie aadwr^ sentiments, we 
have oalf to notice Miat, as In at) such queatlona, 
the LHtrafp GoMetle only holds the scslei even, 
to rihew what is in them ; and, as affects per- 
aons, whatever Mr. Halibnrtnn may adjudge 
tnwards Lords Brougham or Durham, Mr. 
Haatr, Mr. Roebudc, or any one else, we 
wr al y report hie hnguage, and oAr noililug 
ofoaroira. ItbbjrMobwaMiieloiiewecaii 



enable our readers to form thdr own estimate 
of the works we revlenr. 

Tfte BtMlei of Canada are In letters tid. 
dressed to James Haliburton, £sq. the James 
Burton of Egyptian literary cdabrity, who, we 
bdieve, has reaisumed tlie oripnal family name, 
vhich, like that of tlie writer himself, Is de- 
rived from the old race of Haliburton on 
Tweedside, and connected with Sir Waltei 
Scott, by his maternal anoestry. The first of 
the correspondence is a very fair i^imen at 
the style and genitu oF <ho whde. 

" My dear Haliburton,.^ Ae the people of 
dils country know bnt little of the dissensions 
In Canada, thev very wisely confine their 
serrations to the dissensions oF those who go. 
vem it. This is a more intelligible, u well as 
a more amusing subject. Every body tallcs of 
Lord Brougham and Lord Dorham, but no> 
body speaks of Canada. Insuad, thmfore, of 
Inquiring what Is to become of that valuable 
colony, what measures are, or ought, to be 
adopted to ensure Its tranquillity, and to pro. 
tect British subjects and British property there, 
people very properly limit their attention to the 
more Interesting question — What will the 
governor-general do when parliament meets? 
To Inqnire whether the English or the Frendi 
popolation of Canada hi fa the rij^t, requires 
some Investigation to ascertain facts, and some 
constitntlonu knowledge to judge of those 
Ihets, when ooUected. It Is, at foot, bnt a dry 
subject. But to decide whether Lord Brougham 
or Lend Durham has <b« best of the dispute, Is 
a matter so well salted for easy eon venation, 
and hnoonnts argument, that It It no wonder 
it has more attractions than the other. Socfa, 
however. Is the acerUty of poHUcs In this ooiin- 
try, that even this affur h made a party qnes. 
tlon ; md the worst nlottves are Imputed for 
everythlngihatlssddordonebyelther. There 
■re not vantfaig diote 1^ gravely asserb that 
whila Lord B roogj ia m Wis affbcang to bruA 
off die flies from the heds of an oU rival, he 
intendonally switdied him so hard as to arouse 
his temper, add to iudoce falm to kick. They 
malatain tfaat thera are two sorto of tickling, 
one that ia so deKcate as to produce laoghter 
and pleasovriile aensatlonf ; and another that 
Irritates both the skin and the temper by the 
coarseness of Its appltcation. They say that his 
lordship is nmdi addicted to the nttar nedee, 
end apjdioe ft oqnrity to both friendi and foee ; 
Iti short, that hit phiy is too rai||h to be ^ree. 
able. While^ on theother hand, there are some 
who are so unkind as to Indnnate that Lord 
Durham was. tery wUflng to take offence, and 
to Aelter hfauelf under it. That he felt he 
had volnntartly undertaken a load whldi he 
was unable to draw ; and tiiat, knowing greater 
ezpeotatlona had been formed of hfm than he 
could ever realise, had no objection to kick 
himselF out of .harness, and extrloate himself 
by ovetthrowbig friend or foe, so long as the 
pubBe wera wflUng to hdlava th« teilt to be 
that erf 4ie teamster, and not of dM stead. Be 
that as It may, the ashlUtion has been an 
entertaining one ; and they deserve eome oredit 
fbr having affordied amusement and ooeupation 
to die public at this dall season of die year. 
There Uieyare^the crowd has gatberad round 
tlum,.udia Idle and die vnlgar stand s^ng,^ 
and each one looks anzionsly for what is to 
follow. What can be more agreeable to a 
British mob— a people essentially ftmd of the 
price>fight— dian the contest of these two 
champions, men who have always courted dielr 
applause, and valued their noisy demonstra- 
tions of pleasure higher than the quiet re- 
spect at tkmm of more tMt« aod more ra» 



finementP It affords, however, no pleasure 
to the colooiit. He regards one as a man of 
splendid talents and no conduct, end the other 
as a man who, without the possession of either, 
has advanced to his present high station merely 
by the foree of extreme opinions. He has nu 
sympathy with either. The one is too much 
sctuntad by his implacable hatred, the other 
by hia inordinate pride. The former is dan- 
gerous from bis disposition to do mischief, and 
the latter unsafe, from bii' ntter inability to 
effect any good. After all the addresses that 
have been presented bv the Canadians, this lan- 
guage may posdbly appear strange and sirnog, 
but addresses affoid no proof; they are cheap 
commodltios every where. PhMe-hniiters may 
flatter, and vulgar men may fawn, and offlce- 
holders tremble and irtiey, but the tmth must 
still be urid. A governor li tha repreeentadva 
of royalty, and moBiets hav* been tanght to 
venerate the oAoe, whatever thermaT think of 
the map. At the preaent crisis n Is the test of 
Icmlty. You arill search In vatn among those 
addresses for the names of tlie dlsafflect^ ; and 
if those who signed them have expressed them- 
selves strongly, they felt It wasnothne to mea- 
sure words, when hesitation beefs so stnmg a 
reseraUnnce to a repugnance sjpringlng ftmn 
a different canse.. But even among thoe cos. 
tomary offerings of olBelal t-espeet, yon will 
find several exnlUting a choice of expression 
that bespeak a desire to sepiratw the approba- 
tion of measures from the usqal deference to 
rank and station, and others marfchig the dis- 
tinction in ex}dle(t tarms. The ortonlit by so 
means regrets bis reslgnadmi, btesMe he has 
shewii, fnmi his IrritaBe temper, iDCoailderate 
conduct, and erode and dangerous schemes, 
that, of all men, he was the most unfit depo- 
sitary for the extraordinanr powers that were 
Intrusted to him ; but he does regret diat pub- 
lic attention sbonld ha dlyartaa from so hn- 
portant a SRb|}eet as our Canadian affkin, to so 
unimportant a matter as my Lord Durham's 
private quarrds- He Is desirous that tlie ques- 
tions at Issue betwe en die peofde of Canada 
and Oreat Britain shonM be understood ; and 
he doubts not diat fhe good sense and good 
ftdlw of this country wli apply the Woper 
rememet. In compiling a statement ot these 
grievances, pretensions, or eldms (or by what- 
ever other name you may dioose to designate 
Aem), I 'shall hope to oMtrlbnte towards this 
dmirable ol>^. • • ■ 

*' If aver you had tiia mlsfitrtane M have 
had the toothadi, yon have doabdeM found 
that avary one cf your fHenda had an tn(Uli« 
ble lament each ofwhkAeventoi^y proved, 
upon atUf to be nothing more than a pallia- 
tiva, a nostmm.that soothed the anguish for a 
time, by ooneillating the nerve; but that the 
pain returned, wiui every chai^ of atmo- 
sphere, with increased power, whHe the sedative 

r"Dation beeame less and less efficadoiis the 
er Ife was repeated. You have idso found, 
aa oAan hare ttparieneed beflsra von, that 
wMle yon were tSins temporising wim an evil 
hlch required more prompt and skllfh) treat- 
ment, TOU had lost the opportunity of filling 
the cavity and preserving the tooth, by suffer. 
Ing deeay to proeeed too fkr to admit of the 
oparatfon, and, after yeara of snAring, had to 
submit at fawt to cold fnm,_tlie uMnm roHo «f 
dentists. Wheihw die syitem of pttWatives 
and eon cessions, that has' been resorted to In 
Canada, is a wise and pr^>er one, I shall not 
presume to say 1 but all men must agree that 
it at least has tha RMnc«f d|«4w)iMr *•* mnl- 
ablafitfIiaulib|b\«M-U What. 

may arisa ae to>W vmr'^*'^ 



4 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



neanm of put yMti, than an be none what- 
mt entsrtdiud tli»t thsf maaol b» peniited 
in any longer with adTaotege. I shall conteiit 
mysaH; bomw, with nitrely preMotlng you 
with a ■tatentut of the caw, and you ahall 
decide for ynundf whether stopping, or forci- 
b]i> Mctmtioii, be now the proper reraedy." 

Hi* gvnenil opbilca la ■fterverdt that cz* 
prewed :— 

^' Afl H colonlat, at once a natire and a resi* 
dent Iff a diataot part of the empire, I am not 
only unconnected with, but perfectly indepen- 
dent of, either <d the great partlei of thia coun- 
try, of Toriee, or Whigi^w Radieali; nor do I 
conaldw thli at a nibject at all iarolring the 
priDci^ for which tliey lererslly contend. 
The qnattkm la one vhtdty between the people 
of thii ooontry and ibe owMiUte, and muit be 
oonridered u nieh ; and to far from my Lord 
Durium'i auertion being true, that there bai 
been miigorenunent, I am prepared to shew, 
that erery administration In this country, 
withont esG^tioQ, from the oonqoett of Canada 
to the present time, fAather Tory or Whig, or 
mind, or by wbatanr name th^ may be de- 
signated, hare been aetoated but by one Ced- 
ing, an eameat desire to enltivate a good un- 
derstanding with their new snbjecu of French 
extraction, and on one princdple, a principle of 
oonoesaion. Canada has bad more prlvilegee and 
indulguMea granted to It.than any other of our 
American eolonleai unpopular oficers hare 
been ramored ; obooidous goremon have been 
raealledt oonatitutlonal points abandoned to 
them t all raBsmiahle changes made (or, as they 
would express it, grierancea redressed) ; and 
the interests of commerce and of persons of 
British origin poatponed to suit their oonvent- 
race, or aeooounodate their prqudices; in 
short, every thing hM been done, and erery 
thing BDOceded to oondlinte them, that inge- 
nuity could devise or unbounded liberality 
grant, and no sacrifice has been amtidered too 
great to purchase their affections, short of 
yielding np the colony to their entire control ; 
and for all this Corbearance and liberality they 
have been met with ingiatitode, abuse, and 
rebaUkm." 

Mr. Halibtutoo ptocMdi to treat of the go- 
Temmeot of these provinces from the year 
176S,_of thepqtuhuion, therevennes, ano. In 
short,' their entire history ; In whidi he dis- 
plays a» intimate aeqoalntanoe with the facts, 
whmi he briap before ni In a lucid and ample 
maiiMr. Into dwe* datalb, however. It Is 
ia^Oirihb li>r na to enter; and we must be 
CDOtant to qooie eonw of the winding-up pass- 
ages, which are redolent of the " CloAmaher. " 

Those peraons who had always espoused 
their cause in England seem to have fiuly pe> 
netrated thdr object. ' I do not marvel at It,' 
said my Lord Brougham ; * to ma It la no 
surprise — I expected It.' Men «f sangolne 
temperament are apt to expect confidently 
what tim desire aidently. That he wished 
thona to be independent, he made no secret. 
Whatever we may think of his lordship, as a 
statesman, for entertaining such a patriotic 
wish, we cannot but admire the unflinching 
friendship that Induead hia, tbiaaA good 
report and evil Mfort, to adhin to tbt canae 
he had determined to advocate. That they 
might not feel disconiaged by partial reverses, 
he held out the language of premise to them 
that the day was not far distant when ihey 
oould hope to realiae thq objaet of their wlabe^ 
Ha dopMoaiad imr thinking too harshly of ibem 
lortbalrTBiBUiampt. *Wban,*lwcoatin«ed, 
' In w4utt eomitrjr— ffWB what people did thay 
learn the leteon'r — of whom but ouxitlvts, tho 



English feofki We It Is that have set the 
example to our American brethren; let us 
beware bow we blame them too barably for 
following It.' Not content with interceding 
for their pardon, he solicited, as a boon for 
them, what they had failed In an attempt to 
seize as plunder. * I hold these odmies,' he 
said, ' M worth noUiIng; tha only Interaat we 
have In tha matter ooncemi the manner in 
which a separation, sooner or later Inevitable, 
■hall take place. Is it not, then, foil time we 
should make up our minds to a separation so 
beneficial to all parties ? These, my lords, are 
not opinions to which I have lately come; 
they are the growth of many a long year, and 
the fruit of much attention given to the sub- 
ject.* TIte effect of this hmguage upon the 
loyal population of the provinces it is not easy 
to conceive. At no time could such a doc- 
trine be heard with indifference, bat during 
a period of unusual excitement it was too 
mischievous not to awaken a general In- 
dignation. On the minds of the Anerioans It 
baa bad a powerful efbot, in speculating upon 
the result of an aedve sympathy on their 
part. Disaffection having now succeeded In 
prodtudng anarchy and bloodshed, assumed the 
shape of insurrection, the natural result of so 
many years of witatlon. The tragical evenu 
of this sad revolt are too recent and too im- 
pressive to be fimotten, waA the redtal would 
be as painful as It Is nnneoauary. Aodoo^ 
however, as I am not to dwell on the mournful 

?ioture which It presents, justice requires that 
should pause, and pay the tribute of my respect 
to the pious, amiable, and loyal Cathtdic clogy 
of Canada. They have preserved a large portion 
of their flock from contamination, and we are 
mainly Indebted to their strenuous exertions 
that the rebellion has not been more general 
and more succeufol. They have learned from 
painful experience, what ecclesiasUcs have ever 
found under simihur circumstances, that treason 
always calls in Infidelity to iu aid ; that there 
is a natural alliance between the assailants of 
the throne aud the altar ; and that they who 
refuse to reader tribute to Cvsar are seldom 
known to preserve, for any length of Ume, 
*the £Bar of God before their eyes.* The 
history of this Canadian revolt Is filled with In- 
struction to the people of England. It teadies 
them the jott value of the patriotism ofthoee 
who are tlie Intemperate advocates of extreme 
<9inionst It ahawa that ceuraga in debate may 
somerimee en^ocata la tba Add, and tiuit 
those who lead others rashly into danger are 
not unfrequently the first to desert tbem basely 
in the boor of need. It exhibits In bold relief 
the disastrous effects of Incessant agitation, and 
demonstrates that the natural result at eoa- 
tlnued oonoesslon to popular clamour h to 
gradually weaken the powen of gDvemmeot, 
until society resolves itself into Its original 
elements. These troths are too distinctly 
merited to require to be retouched. He wlu 
runs may read, but he that would carry away 
the moral must pause and consider. It Is 
written in the blood and suffering of the co- 
lonists, and prudence suggests the propriety of 
their aTalling thaaudraB of the painful e^- 
ilanoe of otnin. Instead of ponuaslng It by 
the severe and painful prooeas of parsonu expe- 
rience. The aacea si fwadvoeacy bare of similar 
opinions must neoessarily produce the Uke 
results, aggravated by the Increased power of 
numbers, aud the greater value of the plunder. 
Ibare laan enough of England to admlralt; 
«f iu insiitutions, to respect it t of Uu chaiartar 
of iu people^ to love It; and of tba Meulnga 
confamd by Iu fimitad vMoaiebj:! W ww 



how to eitlmate tba anvIaUe lot of those who 
have the good fortune to InbaUt It 

' O foctvaatc* nlmfaun ni* il boas tmiint V 
I should fed Indeed Aat kindneu oould awaken 
no emoUon, and hospitality no gratitude, if, 
after having received as an obscure, provinoial 
author, tlie most flattering indulgence, as a co- 
lonist, the moat hearty wenome, and a stronger, 
the most considerate attentions, I did not ex- 
press warmly what 1 fad deqdy. My know- 
ledge of iu oonstitutlMi preceded that of iu 
people ; and if my studies have led me to ad. 
mire iu theonr, persmal obswvaUon fit iu 

firaotical effect bos confirmed and increased that 
avonrable Imprenion. It is a noble and ad- 
mirable structure ! EHo pnpHuo" 

Of Lord Dufbam's lata muston, he dedans. 
That many of the measnres ha proposed for 
the benefit of Canada were good, it woidd be 
ondiariuble to doubt ; but as none of tbem 
have been matured, it would-be presumptuotts 
to say so. That others, however, were of a 
dangerous nature, we have reason to know. 
The evils to be reaped from this mission have 
not yet ripened for us to gather ; but tha seed 
is sown, and, It is to be feared, taken root too 
extensivdy. What oould be more injudidaaa 
than to send to the contented and happy oo. 
lonles of Nova Scotia and New Bnmswidc, and 
ask for dqnties, to listen to crude and undi- 
gested sdwmes for their future government, or 
to give thdr own risionary pUns in exchange 
fbr his r What more cruel than to unsetua 
men's minds as to the form of their govern- 
ment, and make tba stability of tlieir institu- 
tions a matter of doubt P What more pemi- 
oions than to open a political bazar at Quebec, 
for the collection and exhibition of imaginary 
grievanoea ? In the Lower Provinces, we are 
omteoted and happy. Wa naad no raftmns 
but what we can cfleet oondves j but wa are 
alarmed at changes which we never asked, and 
do not require. The federative union pro- 
posed by his lordship has opened a wide field 
for speculation, directed men's minds to theo. 
retical diange, affvded a theme for restless, 
yoong denagagnaa u agttaw upon, and led us 
to believe tliat oar oonstitution Is In danger of 
being subverted. Hoot people think, and all 
reflecting men know, that it wonld ripen the 
colonies into premature Independence in less 
than tan years ; and who, I would ask, that is 
attadied to the mot^ country, and desirous 
to liva tmdar a nwnatddeal form of govammant, 
can oontam^ate a atbaasa pregnant with so 
much danger, without fisdinga of dismay? 
Who would continue to live in New Bruns- 
wick, if, at every disturbance in Canada, the 
govemor-geDeral is to propose to new modd 
uidr form of government P Who would eon. 
sent tliat that tmlied and loyd edooy should 
have Iu peace and bqifdness jetqiardised by any 
onion with the disaffected and troublesome 
French Canadians P or will approve of the po- 
litical quackery that would compd Nova So»tia 
to swallow a nauseous medldne, for the pnrpose 
of effecting a core in Canada? The danger 
arising from sudi visltmary aohemes as have 
lauly been unfolded to tba od'iniet. is passed 
for tlw prasent, and I heartily rejdee that it ia ; 
but It is to be hoped that powers eoexUn«ve 
with the Lower Prorinoes nay never again 
Intnuted to any man. In tots oountry, there 
is a geaarat and very natnrd repugnance 
manifested to give up tha bodiea of deceased 
friaods Mcperimaiu fiir the benefit of 
odenea. It li diflcoh to bnagtne bow so 
sensitive a nation cooU loiuent th* ihrir 
floloniau «4^j»tJ|A!M<d^^ 
and ba alinioio iba^aia S the 



JOURP^AL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



5 



operator, for tba advanoeaMiit of politln. 
In Paris, I baird, with horror, thit a factorvr 
had lllurttmt«d hto thaonr by afpMnf Iub dia- 
■Mtlnff knife to tha Umbi of ft Imng Miinul. 
I shtMdanrt at the ndtal of nidi mtrodtnu 
onialtf ; bat Uttla did I dream that, at that 
very tiioe, a kind and nwrdful ProTldence 
waa gradotuly averting a tiisiUr fats from our 
own mciM on the other *ido of the water. All 
Britiih America haa been uitated dnring the 
put nunmer by aabttantial nan^flrmodud by 
unreal hopes, and ambitioa hat now r eac h ed 
where Mdittoo failed to penetrate. The absurd 
and fanpractieaMe scheme of colonial r«p menta- 
tion fn parliament, although diiguatiog, from 
its rank pn^ertlea, to dalioaie palates, was well 
snited to the rapacloae appetites of pivrlnoial 
•yoophants. The bait was well sdeeted, and 
MKNi attracted the kmging regard (rf a ahoal of 
political sharks. The self- denying toieta of the 
soar sectarian have not been proof agaiast the 
ternpution. His nostrils haTO been too power- 
ful for his oonsdence, and, eceating the strong 
odour of this laroary appendage from afar, he 
has hurried to the sarface to r^ale himself wiUi 
lie flarour. The canting hypoorite haa offered 
hia anlnttloiia lor dw eonmsion of parliament 
to men liberal Tleva I and the profligate deouu 
gogoe of the village has e^niBed ft hope that a 
defidency of morals may be eonpeneated by an 
abondance of seal. They have been lulled to 
sleep by in soporific effect, and have dreamed 
of this ladder, as did Jacob of old, and of the 
aaent it ofliBradtoUi^plaflea. Thewodeadi 
and the ennine— the tceaioiy and die peerage 
~-mpfeu within their grup, and they invoke 
blessings on the man who promises so much, 
and who bints at hia power to do even more. 
If I did not fed too iDoignant at all this, I too 
might weep over the soene offollyand of weak- 
neaa, and wooM ndogte my tears of sorrow with 
thosa diat pfide has shed, and blot oat all trace 
of it for arar. The advocate of the ballot-boa 
and extended suffrage is not the man to govern 
a colony. While you have been speculating 
npon the theory we bare been watching the ex. 
perhoenl. Whra the lower orders talk of these 
things we know what they mean I thdrlanguage 
ia intdlwiUe, and thdr object not to be mia- 
takoM t bot, when a nobleman advooaMa demo- 
cradc institodons, we give him full credit for 
die beuevdence of his Inteatlons, but we doubt 
the sanity of hie mind. Keep snob men at 
home where there ia ao much of rank, intelli- 
gence, and wealth to cooaterbalaooe them. Here 
tbey eorre to amuse asid gratify itgitatora, and 
naka useful diairmen of popular aaaemhllee, by 
p r eserving a proprietv of oonduct, and a decency 
of language, where violeaee and outrage might 
otherwise prevail. But sead them not among 
OS, where their rank daaales, thdr patronage 
allures, and their prindples seduce the ignorant 
and unwary. If we tteqiaas upon your rights 
of sovereignty, rqiren usf bot while you nuio- 
tain your own privileges, respect the inviola- 
bility of ours. When wa adk, in the Ijower 
Provinces, for a federative union, it will be time 
enough to diseoas its prtmrtetyt but, in the 
neaniime, spare us the ianiotion of what to ui 
is so inoomprehenuble and so repugnant— .a 
radlod dicutor and a democratic despot. I 
have already &r eueeded the limits I had de- 
signed to coaAne nyaalf to, and mnat, therefore, 
dnw to a dooe. Ibave now shewn you, that 
after the oontpieat of Canada, that oountrv was 
governed by En^idi laws t that the royal pro- 
clamation invited British subjecU to remove 
there t and promised them the proteodon and 
enjovment of thoae laws t and thai in vIoUdon 
of tttt pnida^ ia Oder w ondliato the 



French, thdr legal code wa^ substituted for 
our own i that an Injudidous division of the 
province was made, whereby the French were 
separated from the great body of Eiwliah anb- 
jeots, in coosequenoe of whfan Canada became 
a Oatlic, and not a British cdony. 'That they 
have been k^t a distinctive people by those 
means, and by permitting the language of the 
coantry and the recording language of thdr 
parliament to be French ; that they have always 
iiad an orarwhdming majority of members of 
thdr own origin in the legislature, who have 
been distinguished by an antl-oommerdd and 
anti-British feeling; that this feeling has been 
gradually growing with the growth of the 
country, until tbey were in a condition to 
dictaM terms to government ; that ibis feeling 
was manifested by the manner In which tbey 
have constantly resisted local assessments, and 
made conunerce to bear every provincial ex- 
penditure, — in tha way they nentrallM the 
electoral privileges of the to ten of British 
origin ; in the continuance of the oppressive 
tenure of the feudal law ; in taxing migrants 
from the mother conntiy, and them only t in 
thdr aUempta to wrest tin crown land from 
govemmanl I in tbdr attack <m tha Land Com. 
pany, and die introdnctfam of setUera by them ; 
In thdr oppoution to a system of registry; In 
thdr mode of temporary legislation ; in thdr 
reftisal to rote supplies, and in the whole 
tenor of their debates and votes. I have shewn 
yon that the policy of every government, 
whether Tory or Whig, has been ctndHatory 
(a fiual pdtey, I admit, and one that natnrally 
admiu mid invites demands), and that every 
reasonable change required (tntb many very un- 
reasonable oues) has been conceded to them ; 
that they are a people exempt from taxes, in 
possesdon of thdr own laws, language, and 
religion, and of every blessing, dvll, political, 
and religiotu; la short, that Canada Is the 
most favoured odony of Great Britdn, and that 
the demands diey now make are Inoondstont 
with colonial depeodence. • • « 

" The subject (he affirms, with becoming 
seriousness, in oondudon,) has now assumed 
a new aspect. Pretensions have been put forth 
that involve the question of independence, and 
Great Britain nraic now dedde whether she Is 
to retain the povlnoe or not It ia a crisis in 
the histmr ot this country which other nations 
regard with InteoM interest. The faU of 
Canada will determine that of all the other 
colonies. The retreat of the soldiers will invite 
the Inonrdais <rf the barbarians, and the with- 
drawal of the lagiooi, like those of Rome, from 
the distant paru of the empire, will shew that 
England, consotons of hOT present weakness and 
past glories, is oontncdng hw limits and con- 
centrating her etudes, to matt, aa beoomoa 
her character, the deatlny that awalu all human 
greatness." 



Pom*. ByRIdiardMondctonHiloes,antlMv 
of "Memorials of a Tour in Oreeoe." 2 vols. 
Svo. Loudon, 1838. Moxon. 
These volumes, from tbe.notice of which we 
hare been too long delayed, are like a beandful 
garden, tastefully Idd out at the foot (^r steep 
eminence, but here and there running up into 
the high hill side, until it seems to partdte of the 
grandeur of the heights, to catdi the light and 
diade which the overhanging trees make, and to 
image the deep shadow which the jutting pre- 
dplce throws down- But vain Is our attempt 
todeacribe the beauties of this poetical Eden, and 
-the solemn sptendmir banging around it ; if we 
cull a few flowers, we cannot present the happy 
effecu they produce when growing together in 



a bed ; we shdte off the deUcato dew that hung 
upon them ; we bring them together without 
their corres p M K rfngfaatnres. Wa cannot gather 
the sweet air wUch stole aronnd them, and all 
those gentle Hnndi widi wMdi the spot is hal- 
lowed—the snnshine that sl^t npon them, and 
the low nudlng they madet wa can but briiw 
them drooping and severed, and ihom of bau 
their freshness. 

Seriously, thmi, out of so many dianning 
poBBH, and all wearing such dIstlnsC ftamrea, 
we are at a lose what to axtraet to shew the 
writer's great and varied power. From dream, 
ing in a gondola to contemplating the fallen 
majesty oF Venice, or running not with the 
moon, or pouring forth a flood nf sweet and me- 
Uncholy music for the dead, all are alike beau- 
tiful. Mr. Mllnet's very faults have obtained 
our pudon ; his quaint oonedts, fiur-fetcfaed al- 
Insimt, and homely Images, all shew that the 
mood whis mind, when far from Its h^tinest 
state, possesses a peculiarity which almost be. 
longs to him alone i and this, without pro- 
ceeding furtbw with our remariu, we will at. 
tempt to prove by an extraa— itself one of the 
veriest trifles wbiob the volnmce contain. 

Hy hmn U M^twl f uU ot loMb 

Ai full M sBj axfoif. 
With rem* briow and gem ibm. 

Ana raady for the opa mb. 

Foe Uw wind it bknrliif lutnnwrty. 
Pall ttitngi of Mlura'i bssdad pearl, 

Swsttt«an! cxmpoMd In snwraw Iks 
And tnrkkf^odtatii that no cburl 

Hath flMhloBad ont BuchsnioHrtM,*- 

But all taada up <dthj Wus vjfm : 

And gbdlsi won of rabtla Mondt 
And thoughti nut tnuted to tiw air, 

Ofantlqiw mould,— tha mam as bOumi, 
In PandlM, tha ptlittal pair, 
Bcfbn Lo* A Ktt and nlMfwM «m : 

And eucaaeu ftf Ut log right I 
Ouma that had dropt fMm LmtfsowB staa I 

And one imaU jewel moM i prtaty— 
The darllag gand of all M thm,— 
I wot 10 ma and Bne agon 
Na^cr fVxrad on laMni anadna. 

Tve esMd the niMoi of thy ndta. 
Id rich and tTl]dT pUtod gold I 

But thb no other wealth defike, 
Itwlf Iteeir tan onU h<dd— 
Tha itcalthr Mn on Uftt-wM." 

There Is the true smack of the dd writers 
about these stanzas ; they remind us of the 
hifpj touches of Herrickx or Suckling: but 
here follows siHnething far greater^ every line 
of whidi ^^eals to tu heart, and oanrMa ita 
own praise:— 

Ejm whkh can but UI dMiiw 

Shapat that rk* about and near, 
nimugb the tu harlion'i Una 

fltfStdi a vfalon free and dear : 
Maawttai MIe to ntraca 

Ytatsrday'i Immediate flow. 
Find a dear bmlUar bee 

In aadi hour of LoDg-agOk 
Follow yoB amfOe oabt 

Down the aloiMi of old renown, 
Xnlghtljr forms wtthout dMaIn, 

Sainted head* wlUmnt a tmn t 
Braperon ot thought and band 

Congregate a giorlou* *bow, 
UM Rwn every we and land 

In the pUn orLong-acoa 
Ai the haan of ehOdbood Map 

Somathbig of atacBat Joy, 
Fiom Ita own uniounded tpilap. 

Su^ ai Ufa can Karce dcatnqr t 
So, rernlndf ul of the prime 

Spirit*, wand'rlng to end ho, 
ftat upon the retting time 

In the pence of Long-ago. 

Youthful HopA lollgtou* in. 

When it burnt no loogv, leant 
Aahes of impure dcilre 

On the Blurt It decelret ; 
But the light that filit the past 

Sbedt a ttill diilner glow, 
Ever further it U catt 

O'er the aceoei of Long-ago^ 

Digiti 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



' Vlddt, when nnce tnniplanted theref 
HcMthy fmit or plwwnt flown t 

TJwuihU that hudly DouiiA harat 
FccUpp loDK have ccsied to Uow* 

BreatHfl k'natlie atiiKMpItm 
In th* world of LoDf -a|DL 

On that dMf>-l«tirtai rit«ta 

herevie piurion-waTei m vore 

Ftocelt b««t and nomM Mfh i 
S o iiMW Uiat iMfgnoin atiU 

Lose the bitter Uite of wo i 
Nothing** altogether 111 

I K «» giMb or Laof-agB. 

Toutai where lane<7 ktve ti^lDia, 

Gba4tl|r tfnetnen^ of tcatit 
Wear the look ofhappT ihrlnei 

Through the gtMm mM of jrm t 
Death, to tboaa who liwt In faod. 

VlBdkatea hU harden blow : 
Oh r we wouM not. If m couM, 

W A* the tieap of Long-ago t 
Thovgh the doM of awift decn 

bhodu the wul where Ufa b Kttagi 
Though for rtaller hearti the dav 

uSenva taid orcrloag^ 
8011 d* walght wlU Hud a Umtm. 

Sdll theap^ter'a hand ia alow. 
WMle the Future hai It* HenTcD, 

Aa< Uw PMt ItaLoBg-ago." 

Who can TMd tltlB without TeeKng a bo)y 
ftws gHtherlnff arcnnd the heart, a tentation 
akin to that wh\ch ia awakened by the peruaal 
of the HtAy TOhime; making even sorrow 
loae tha bitter taats of wo," and teodiDg ui 
along, amid '* uintcd head* without a frown," 
past "tomba whm londf lava rephxi," in 
iilent meditation ? Bitt we must confine our 
extraeta within a amaller compus, diiplaylng 
here and thara a gem, and leaving our readen 
to imagine the coetly workmana^ip by wiiich 
it it Btirrotinded- Hera, ihctf. Is the gloomy 
imagery of gdef^ wlucb we extnwH from a 
beautifBl MM, antittad<'Vba Flight of Vouth.*' 
Fain woflOd we givtf 'dw iriurte, bat fti length 
prmolana. 



Solaaui-iDeaatuadbe your 
Gatbatcd up in grlrf your 
luiwai 



■ Bow your havli Tary lowt 
uwllie 
iDgrlrf 
^ng lad aiuifs ai re go) 
In Awrdered baodnib itiew 
StilpB of cypraia, iprlp of n*e t 
In voui handa be boma the blooia. 

who*e kng petal* once and only 
Look from tMr pale-lca*«d toniD 

In the darknea* kndy : 
Let the Bighlahade'a beaded conl 
FaQ in mclaachoty moral 
Toar wn hton eround. 

WhDe fa my acorn ye fling 
Tbeaniifanth upon tlw gtoabd." 

Here i> another delightful extract fnnn 
^' The Iaj of tha Humble," which it goea 
againat our very heart to curtail t so fiaialwd 
a poem it ia seldom our lot to read in these 
dajn:— 

••Athwart my flics wha bluah« past 
To be *o pooiaad wask. 
I ua unto UM dewy gnaa. 

And coot my fltvned dteeki 
And hear s rouik wangely mnla. 

That you have never ncard* 
A antlte in every ruitUog Madi, 
'Awt atnga like aay UM. 

Hy dreana sta dnanis at plesHatBsiib— 

But yet I atwayi tua. 
A* to a fotlMi*a momlM kl«. 

When riaea the rounTiuii i 
I aae the Bowan on ttalk sod Um, 

Ught ihfubs. sad poplsn IsO, 
Moy ihsbmiBf— I rack wtihtbSin, 

ns MS BMiif tMNlMB alL 
I do KOMBibcr wdit when 8nt 

1 av the gnat Uits aes,— 
It was no Btisn^-fkce thst bmt 

In tcttor nponmei 
Hy heart began, mai the fint gtaMb 

His aolenm puhe to fallow, 
I dsacad with every hU1ow*( dsDce. 

And abontsd to UMir haUoo. 
The Iamb that at Its motbera ride 

Reclinea, s ttamuhma thlag t 
The roUn in aM wmter-tlde, 

"nw Imnet In the *prbw. 
AH feon to be nf kin to me. 

And love my slender hand,— 
For we are bound, by God** dacKC, 

InMsdcfMrebHad.- 



Now for a specimeii of the author's sculpture 
— two statues, which FIsxman could all but 
have given life to ; we have the breathless 
marble before us in the eight following lines ; — 

" 1 Mw two diUdran Intattwipe 
Their anu about each other. 
Like the lithe tendtll* of a vtns 
Aroaad lunaanattaRKberi 

And ever and aooa, 

A* nlly they na on, 

£acti look'd into the other't OtSi 

AaUc^Mtlag an snbeaca." 

Annredly the following ia worthy of ranking 
with poetry of the higfaeat order. It will bear 
reading more than onoa ; and, upon a aaoood 
thought, we give ft entire. 

"14/klnDtaA. 
Indeed ymi do me wmng,— I merit not 
ThoM hard eeoaariout ^ea and dull regard^ 
Becauaa I have not wefit, or righsd, or lavadt 
Or mt la a nune msdntai* tbou^ t katw 
Thai ihe, whom we lo loved, h gone away. 
1 have loat nothing, why then diouM I WMp t 
She 1> to me the aame am »tr waa, 
A never-ceatit^ pteaenoe, a Ufe4i^, 
In the dark watdbea of Hie pleaaaat night, 
f>r aome fir darker psaMgfs of day. 

If I would weep, or mourn her Ihndcd taaif 

Etta aaure Are, diet walla from h«e catai ajssi 
tp* up rojr taua, and tell* me (be ii hsis i 
If 1 am aick at heart. *he itU betide me, 
And lays the velvet back nf her white haad 
Upon my ehoak, to aak IfaU be waU, 

ST part* the balr upon my heated brow*, 
ince that one inataat, hi lt*etf a lUle. 
Whan, a* commlmlaaad oMeaaMtn, my eym 
Wentto her, and broiuht back Into my aoul 
A gift, the greateit of an poadble dfU 
Whldi (Joo^empowmd man an nvetonsat 
A notk» of the Bbaetuts beaatlfuli 
Since Iban, nstun haa hsn oaB la nst 
One ftnin bnprenslcd wifli her ada amt I 
I M the smhsM awsaOMaa of he* bfsaih 
In flowfting loalen and the wootti of^irintt 
Her voice fi guablng from the nlghtbwsle; 
Ther^i not a doud that walk* the unwDM SlTt 
DutiakBfexnbac Ita ualmty of salt. 
For (pace waa made to*h*w how the onild okon. 
I do not (ay, that when 1 aaw her lie 
HuAMd to COM alatp by nature^ ItiUablBi 
(The lamtt thst plaintiTa nurae atemally 
SltUB a* (he rocka to ra*t her dearly toved). 
I dB not fbr one raomcDt nare agnait. 
And know tha blood itaod (tlU sbmtt aw hani 
But aoon the wallm left me then akai^ 
And In the iiuiet of the gloom 1 taw 
The bleated Image, moving, mhtbteHQgi 
By nm, about me,— Juataa hetMoton. 

Oh ye who talk of death, and moon fat dasth, 
Whvfdo you mlae s pbantotn of yoar laetiiaa*. 
And tbea ihrlefc loud to tee what ye have made I 
Theis I* no death to thoae who know of nth— 
Mo thus (o those who ass •t■■lt^'• 

No one can peruse this poem witboat bring 
struck with the furoe and hemity «f many of the 
thoughts, if even ther are not able to grapple 
with the deep spirit that reigns tbrougfiout the 
whole. Theimagesealledupbythelraaginatlon, 
which Is 80 enwrapt as to " feel the velvet back 
of her white hand upon the chadc," or *<part- 
togthe lodta from the heated brow ;** the gfanix 
that brought bade Into the soul her ^rit,** 
the Idea of^ipace"beingottlynaade"ti>sbew 
how she ooold move," are to us the strongest 
proofs of the great power of the poet. None 
but a master-hand would dare to meddle with 
such a subjen after what Sbakspere has done 
in *' King John," when Constance, lamenting 
for Prince Arthur, says, — 

" Grief flU* Qie ro«n up of my ahaent chlU t 
LIM In hi* bed, walks up and down with me, 
Puta en hi* peutty toofcs. ripwii hia woed*,'' te. 

But we have done, and must add, that It bas 
seldom been tmr lot to bestow so much just 
and unqualified praise upon any work as we 
hare reutured to give the present. The vo- 
lumes are full of true and sterling poetry, and 
will, we doubt itot, do mudi to bring about 
thst change In this (the highest) department of 
literature, which, if we err not, we see flut 
approaching. It ia realty a relief after the 
namby-pamby stuff vAtch wa bare of late bad . 



to peruse tn some of tlie Aifnifslg,* and other 
things, miscalled |Kiems, to alight upon such a 
green and refreshing pasttire as we have here 
found, f here is a ri^t spirit about the work, 
whicii all who lore poetry must feel, nnd to all 
such among our readers, we would recommend to 
procure the volumes. If they cannot afford to 
purebaae them, and are connected with any 
libraries, let tliem be voted in. In the place of the 
next bad novel. We had marked several pa»- 
aagea for extract In the second vtdnne, nor can 
we part from it trithont plundering iu pages of 
the following : — 

" ne tloMw Boakt 
I* now unwritten in, and (tand* unmoved. 
Save when the cnrlons traveller take* down 
A random voliuae fnaa the duaty *tieir. 
To trace the g n gn m of a hrullad name t 

The BncentatiT 
Ia (hatltted, nd or IU mpkndeni ften 
Tbete le no aasMant, hnt some ip Baf sd 



Shid) In hb caUn, a* a tsllanan, 
outnfully lung* (he ploui gondoUert 
The Adrtan ata 
Will newr have a Oogn to meoy raiwe,— 
The meurc favouti of a for^m lord 
('an hsnOy lead aome acore orhiunMe cnft 
With vUe*t merchandlae Into Ike port, 
That whUiMQ held the wealth of half s moM. 

Thy palace* 
Ale bsitered to the caref o1 Iitaellte, 
Or left tn^lihi atone by ttone, wocndawB 
Iq deaoUUoo,— aoltron (keletgoh 
Whoaa nakedne*! anme tufU of pitying graa, 

AitdarethaMthkigi true, 
Hhacnlau* Venice F I* the charm men pMt 
Awsyfromtheat la sUfhy work fteHUIed 
Of power and beauty I Art thou gstbassd 
To the dead dtic* i Is thy mblatry 
Hade np, aKl foMad la the hand oTtbought t 
Aik him who kaowa the msaningsHi thn inMh 
Of all eilatfncc ;— aak the poefa naart t 
Thy book tua no deed tone fbr him,— fbt Um, 
Within St. Mark^ emUssoasd aortieoa, 
" latfllT- 



But SI thy lawAii though too bitblcMipatasi 
And when. In the nd luitre of the moon. 
Thyps la ca* asem beenUfUUy wso, 
HaUaMs Qod that then is leik on asrtk 
So msrvaUouti so AiUt sa antidol^ 
Pbrallthe radti and toll* oTmoitsI nik, 
Aa lliy aweat eoutaaanee to gsat upoa." 

Another extract from " A Dream in a Gon- 
dola," and we take our &iawdl with regroli 



" The heavy ample byUut-wlnged boat, 
m which I lay stoat. 
Became a den fanoo, Ught-wova 



or pahited bark, gn-m with lu*troui ahclb. 
Falnllngiy rockcs wlthhi a looeaonie cove 
Of aomerkh Mend whwe the iDdlaa dwsUa I 
Below, the water"* pure while light 
Took colour from reflected btodoMi 
And, through the forean deepiotaig glaami* 
Slids of iUumtaatad phanea 
Csaw out llks atan in (uraiDai-nl^ i 
And doae bealde, an fiearle** and (etOM^ 
WMiki n nicbo oTdioopIng green, 
A girl, with Itmba tetiundad and ctsBt-hnmb 
And hair thicfc^wsving down. 
Advancing one (msll foM, In beauty itood, 
TTyii« the temper oT the Imbant iood.* 



* Upon the (nl|fect of the Amiuali genefallT, we had 
Intaadcd to write a Aw remark* after we had flnlahed 
our review* oc notkca of the whole aumbirt and, mc- 
hap*, w* may yet do *o, for the aetle* 1* not yet complete. 
In the menndme we bag to atate, (hat, in the Lftarwry 
GMrtt* obacrvatkioa upon pioduetlaM td Ihia daai. we 
never propoae to try than a h^Cher ataodard, either in 
art or llteratutc, than that to wmd) they pretend, and. 
In iH>lni i>rriri, 3uMly belong. They arw toe pielty and 
ekgi^t tiifliA uf Uie day, with anpaving* more or lew 
baauLiTul. and lilnaty comiiodtlaw •enam aiming at 
h^hH Max Itisn that of appropriate Rluatratloa. we 
wculdaanno thtek of dlwBctmg a batlerlly Uke a srtra, 
or a dininnud beetle Uke an el^hsnt, ss «• would think 
of applying ihp ckkRate rules of oHlctaa to such pcr- 
farrii.iiiL'14, ir i hey please their hOiir,aiid*ervea8to«an« 
Of i.<iull« nRntlnni. ihey have done their duty i and.tn 
o*([h^A ill thuU roeriti in mder to pick out all their 
Uuie Memiahe* and faulti, at you wnuM emtn in hMoty 
orblaaopiQlan* tnphtkNophy or tdlcion, wenn. Indeed, 
to ua to be wptally UHcnlled fcr, unjuat, and ttdiwkiw. 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



1 



Germany f Bahvmia, and tfunpary, vitiled in 
IBXJ. By the Rev. G. R. OMg. M.A., 
Chaplain of CbdUea Hos^tal. 3 vob. 12nu>. 
London, 1838. J. MT. Parker. 
Wx have received Aew TohusM to* laie in the 
week to be able to do more than gire them a 
altght introduction to the pul>Ii& Id tham, Air. 
Oleig appears to na to have niperadded to the 
pleasant quaHties of an intelligent touriat, the 
mora ImpurCant considerations attached to hia 
ehamctwaiRChriatlan mlniater. His nunblee, 
bla defcrlptlon of icenery, lila iketches of per. 
sons and clasiM, are all aiich as we might have 
expected from bis popular pen ; hut the great 
stress uf his watk la laid upon the moral and 
religimia conditioa of OwtMatj- We r^ret to 
say, that bis views in these respecU are very 
nnfavounfab. L«uty •( mocafa, and scepti- 
cism and Infld^ty in re}%ion, aeem to possess 
the country almost wholly. The clergy have 
little inBuaoee upon the nunda and manners of 
the people t and than aMms to be litlte beyond 
the earthtness of tha aarth la tha whole wide 
syitem of atidMT. 

With tbeae briar preliminary ex^anatloos, 
wa eao only furthnr copy a few astraett to illna. 
trate oar author. At Bcrilo, fa* layi ; — 

I do not wUi to Toprawnt tha Pmssian 
government as in any reqtoet dbconnteoancing 
religion, or tha Proaaian people as uttoly de- 
praved. I hdiere, oo the ooiitrary, thaf the 
wishes (rf* the fintare all sound and wholesome, 
tad that lb« last, considered la the mass, are 
quite as moral u Most of their naighboura that 
bebmg to the aoflso grmt family. IntoxieatioQ, 
for example, ia the reverse of fluent among 
the Fnuaians, and even the street^qoarreta of 
the lowliest daaoae generally evaporate in words. 
But in other respects I w> not find tliat the 
moral tie holds than with too tight a preaaure. 
I had oceaehin to hiqnlre of ona whou oppor- 
tunitiei of Judging were excellent, how Berlin, 
and indeed FrussU in general, might In this 
respect he accounted of ? and I received an an 

swer, which I give inmost In his em words: 

' Berlin,* said he, ' is a scene of consUnt in. 
truue. Wo den*t aU drinh, wo don't all play, 
~bat we all Intrlgne. From the prtoeo to the 
peasant, each baaliia a^ire rf'ameur in hand, 
and we car* very IhUa though all the world 
ahodid knew la. Of the rest ot Prussia I am 
Ion competent to speak ; bnt you will probably 
find that what takes plaoo in the capital, takes 
place in the, prorineee also.' Startled by an 
avowal ae euidU^ I became naturally anziona 
to ascertain to whM eaMOi my MtaA attri> 
buted a atate of things, tho erik auendiog 
which he did not acruple to depbre. In tliia 
respect, however, I fouud him aithor has will- 
ing or less able to be cnwa ann icative. I hinted 
at the mischievous tendency of the Uv of di- 
vorce, but bo would not i^roe with me. ' It 
waa better,* he sud» * that every tm&tj should 
be afforded far ibe diaaolutieo of the marriage 
contract, than that peraoos ahuuhl Gve together 
unhappily.' I asked. Whether there was no 
priuciplo of religion in the land, to operate as a 
check upon the indulgence of men's rici<Hia 
hiutoura? * Oh, yea,' hie replied,* we are a very 
religious people. Don't yon see a dmrch iu 
every panah ? But oar region takes no heed 
of such mattert as these, and wo should soon 
quarrel wHii it if it did.* * And your clergy,' 
continued I ; ** are they without weight enough 
to make their vxaraple bit, eveu where tlieir 
precepts may fail in. ascuring attention ?* ' Our 
clergy !' replied he, with a amile; — * why, yes, 
they are very exceUeut people iu their way, — 
very good men, wiUtout dmbi ; but, really, no 
human b^ payi the eUghtait t^uA either 



to what they say or what , they do.* * Well, 
but the Gospel, on which your r^^on professes 
to be founded, — is It quite held at nought 
among you P' Sly answer was another smile, 
of which I could not, withont real pain, atop to 
analyie the import. He Immediately added, 
bowjcver, as if conscious that he waa treading 
upon delicate ground, * The Gospels are by no 
means slightly estimated among us. We all 
admit that the code of morals taught in them is 
perfect, — bnt— but — we don't profeaa to he 
guided by it.' If I had held this oonvenation. 
with a very yonng, or a very Ignorant person, 
— if a mere man of pleaaure, or (and the ex- 
pression may, perhaps, carry more weight with 
It) a roera man of the world, hsd ao apnken to 
me ; — nay, if my own personal observations had 
not confirmed lus atatemeots, loan extent that 
was very paiaful,-^ should have been slow to 
give them credit, even at the moment, and still 
more alow to repeat them now. As it waa, I 
could only lament the existence of a atate of 
thinga so melancholy, and look round furcauies 
which might account for iu The reault of tliese 
inquiries 1 now procead to faty before my reader ; 
praying that, before my views be coad«nned, 
they may be judged with candour;' and assur. 
ing him, that, as they have not been taken up 
either lightly or in a spirit of prejudice, so am I 
quite ready to lay them down again whenever I 
shall have been convinced that they are founded 
In error." 
Of the Saxon people we are told 
*' In the minnter pointa of domeMifl eoooomy 
—In the management of their time, and the 
adaptation of themealves to carcuasalaBGeB, Uie 
Saxtmsare as mnUaliaad Ugoled araceaa ithiu 
any where been my fortune th mix withaL A 
Saxon would think you mad, were you to sng. 
gest the posaiUe occurrence of events which 
shuuU impoee npen hioa tho aeosasity of dining^ 
except at Ua aecaitomed hoar ; ae of devoting 
a seaaoawhiah he has been wont to set aside for 
relaxation, to any serious or grave employment. 
A Saxon has no notion whtfever, that eiiher he 
or his neighbour may he hurried. He has been 
accustomed to perfana every given operation in 
hii own paitionkw wi^ and uofc aU the renioning 
which you can use wW convince him that it 
might lie improved upon. According to hts own 
view of the case, he belongs to the wiseat] and 
the bravest, and the mnt civilised nation under 
heaven ; and heaco, evar^ attampt on your part 
to wile him out of the circle withia which he 
has hitherto moved, will bo snn to fail. The 
Saxon Is ndthar a Uvdy nor a d iaw H tl e aaima), 
even in hia recreatioBS. Thongh the evening 
of every day be given up to amusement — during 
the summer in the open air, in winter under 
cover, hia tastes are sudi that, exeept when 
dancing, he rarely aaaociates with him either his 
wife or his auter. No doubt the amiable couple 
walk arm<in-arm to the pnblic garden, or to the 
gnua-piot in front of the inn, where the bend ia 
accustomed to piny; but having reached that 
point, they separate, aa if by mutual conaent ; 
and while the hii»baud appUoa to amoldi^; and 
drinking beer beside other huabande, the wife 
attaches herself to a knot of wivae Mid maidens, 
who saunter about, or sit apait at a table liy 
diemaelvea. In like manner, when a wiree 
takes pUce during winter, the men range them- 
selves at tine end of the room, and the women 
at another ; uay, to such an extent ia this in- 
diipoaition to associate carried, that I have heard 
of plaoef where It waa aeriniisly proposed to have 
one public aaaembly-room fur the men, and 
another fta the wtnneii. At Scluindau, just 
before we quitted it, the propriety of sticb an seated ; while, by < 
arrangemaui was gravely movted ) whether or ware Ji^z^ py ' 



not it lias been carried into effect, I have not 
learned. . • • 

" When we come to the region of morals, I 
sliould say, that, thongh higher than that of 
Pfusua, the standard in Suooy ia not very 
elevated. There ia here the aame lamentable 
deficiency of religious principle, which we find 
all over Protestant Germany. People may or 
may not go to church on a Sunday,— and tlieir 
ohifdreu they send to school becavse the law 
requtrea tt^— hat the praetieeB which, more 
than aU othen, mat^ the degree of reverence 
ia which men hold tlieir religion, are -here 
anknown. I never heard of a Uunily In which 
prayers wera daily aaid, nor knew an instance 
of a cliild being trained fay its parent to the 
habit of private devotion ; and, ae to the mode 
of observing the Lord's-day, I oonfees that I 
do not see on what grounds a Oiiiatian can 
defend it. Not content with holding thar 
fittle revela !n the evening, before the inn, or 
amid the public gardens, they seem to regard 
the prosecution of their ordinary employmenu 
as no breach of the Divine wiU. 1 have re< 
peatedhr seeu both men and woman hoeing in 
the fields, and working ia the shoe-shop, just 
aa busily ou a Sunday as oa any other day in 
the week." 

Our time only permits us to add one trait of 
Bohemia, through which Mr. Gleig took an 
interesting pedestiian excuraion. At Gabel, 

My toilet was aa yet incomplete, wlien in 
walked the landlady, firat to demand whether 
I could apeak Latin; and, on my answering in 
the affirmative, to announce that the prieat of 
tlie parish was below in the ball, and anould be 

([lad to converae with me. I deaired her to 
nform the reverend gentleman that I should 
make all the haate I coohl to equip myself ; 
after which I would wait upon him with great 
pleasure. Having aceompliehed the necessary 
changes in my apparel, and otherwise made 
myself comfortable, I deacended the staira, and 
found that the gentleman with the red nose 
and grizzly head, waa none other than the 
priest who desired to make my acquaintance. 
Neither his appearance nor hia situation, — a 
•onspicuoui place in a pot-house, which all the 
idle' and beer-loving members mlhe oommO' 
aity seemed to frequent— at all prqKWaessed 
me In hia favour ; but I took care to exhibit no 
lymptMna of disgust in my maimer, and oar 
conversation began. Hia reverence apoke hor- 
rid Latin, of ootirae ; mine, from kmg disuse, 
was probably not mndi better ; bat, aa I pro- 
nounced all my words according to the accent- 
nation of my schoolboy daya, we at least under* 
stood one another. )( foiiud him full of curi- 
osity, and wonderfully ill informed, not only 
as to the political and intellectual state of 
England, but even in reference to iia geogra- 
phical situation. But his ignorance manifestly 
proceeded rather from the Tack of opportunity 
than of the desire to be better informed; for 
of his quesUons I began to fear, at last, that 
diera would be no end. By this time a whisper 
was circulnting through the town, that two 
Englishmen wera arrived ; and as very few of 
the Gabelitea had ever seen an Engliahman 
befon, the coffee-room became ttieedily crowded. 
Large was then the consumption of beer, and 
dense and dark the cloud of tobacoo-smcdte 
whicli circled overhead. Yet, to do them 
justice, tlie airiosity of these simple people 
never once promjited them commit a breach, 
however trifling, of real good manners. We 
indeed, fiesotight to eat our BU}>per at 
the table l»eside tlie priest, and we readily con- 



i[a^iit apacet 
•ereral 



8 



*ritE LITERARY CxAZETTE. AND 



vflll'dressed tradeimen, and, as we afterwardt 
aacertwoed, hj an officer of the Austrian amy, 
who, having retired from the service on a pen* 
tiaot had married and aettled In the town> 
But the Individual who Intererted xu the moit 
was the postmaster; for wlMm, as be apolte 
both English and French fluently, the padre 
despatched a messenger, and whom we loand 
not only a most agrerable, but a very intelltgent 
and weU>infonD^ man. He hail travelled 
much as a merchant ; had visited France, Spain, 
Switzerland, Italy, and Russia { in the last of 
which cotmtries be had resided several years, 
as chief clerk to an English house at St. Peters- 
burg, I do not know that I ever Celt myself 
in a situation more amusing, as well as more 
perfectly novel, than that which I now ocai- 
pied. The pood people, indeed, seemed so eager 
to obtain information, that I bad few oppor- 
tunities of adding to my own ; yet their ourio- 
slty, tinctured as it wis tbrangbont with the 
most perfect good humour, and even polite- 
ness, oig^y diverted me, and I did ray best 
to appease it. One drenmstanoe. It Is true, 
affected me painfully. I allude to the discre- 
ditable figure cut by the prieats; wh<k it 
appeared to me, had no business In such a 

Jilace at all, further, at least, than as casual 
nquirers. Among all the beer-drinkers pre- 
sent, however, my red-nosed acquaintance and 
bis curate were the most industrious. It was 
quite edifying to see with what rapidity their 
pitchers were emptle^ and how sedulously 
the hostess— tuinvltea, though certainly un. 
dbecked— replenished them ; and when I add, 
that each pitcher contained a good quart, the 
amount of fermented liquor swdlowed by Uieae 
thirsty souls may be guessed at. Nor, I re- 
gret to add, was the tone of their conversa- 
tion much out of keeping with their habits in 
other respects. I inquired into the state of 
morals In this place, and received, in bad 
Latin, such an answer as I do not choosa to 
translate, and aActed scarcelv to understand. 
Here, then, was a palpable illustration of the 
axiom which has so often been -Jai^ down — 
that, of all the means that ever were devised'^ 
degrade religion in the persons of its teacbeo^ 
the compulaory celibacy of the iJiergy is the 
moat effectual. In Henukrietdien and Auf. 
fenbarg, it k very true, that no indi lannnuble 
results have followed : but what then } At 
the former place, a most deserving man Is oou 
demned to spend his days uucbeered by any 
of those domestic endearments, the influence of 
which is felt the most where it is most needed. 
He does not complain, I admit ; he has too 
much principle aq4 vmt manliness to com- 
plain of that which is irremediable, fiut who 
can doubt that he feels his bt bitterly, or that 
his pastoral duties would be discharged just as 
faithfully, and far more cheerfully, were it 
different ? So, also, at the latter place : the 
curate is yet a youth, full of that (ire of enthu- 
siastic self-devotion which, while it hums, more 
tbaa supplies the pUce of all social and do- 
mestic relations. But how long will this last ? 
And see how the system operates in Gabel, 
ay, in hundreds and thousands of places simi- 
larly circumstanced, where no such enthu- 
siasm is at band to counteract It. Here are 
two clergymen, well stricken in years, for 
the elder cannot be leas thu sixty, and the 
younger but a few years short of it. Their 
home, as they iafoimed me, is in the cidsters 
of the dmrco { but sudi a home ! Nobody 
inhabits it who, except for mercenary reasons, 
would shed one tear were they to die to 
morrow. Of books they possess but a slender 
stor^ nil wen it othwiriw, who cw alvaya 



live amoug his books P Their profenlonal vo- 
cations wear down their eneigies, and they 
stand In need of relaxation. Where do tbey 
sedcitP- Not In the quiet and h^py drde (H 
thdr own ftmllies— for they have none— nor 
among their neighbours, who may esteem and 
respect, but will scarce unbend before men who 
are become masters of their most secret thoughu. 
They, therefore, betake themselves to tlie pot. 
bouse, and in drinking and ribald conversation, 
look for that amusement which, under a better 
state of things, the reformed pastor is sure to 
find in the bMOOi of his own £iinUy, and among 
his friends. I do not mean to jostlfy the Indi- 
rldnals, who, on the contrary, deserve utter 
reprobation; but surely a system which throws 
such temptations fn men's way cannot be seri- 
ously defended by any one who has the Interest 
of religion at heart. From the priesU, as tbey 
b^on, under the iaflueDce of repeated pota- 
tions, to eidbtUt their tras character, I gladly 
turned away," dtc. &e. 



Hoed't Comto Annual. 
(Second mtlcc) 
Or Hood, in bis own bi^ipy vdn, we may well 
say, " none but himself can be bis paraiUelt" 
witness the following teMiu/iary, if ever there 
was aa incmdiary compoaition, with which he 
tenalaatfls his ahrmiDg histwy of the tendu- 
tionnryiiKidentaatStdteFogis. (SMUfmny 
GwsM, Mo. 1144.) 

" Cantt snesaflsgMkif fcOovib 
Let Oi have « ghakmi rig I 

SiM old Row, and bum ibe bdlowij 
Bom me. but I'll bum my wig I 

CbrMiBM lime li alt taron ui t 

Burn dl poedloa, north andaoatta t 
BuTD tbe tuikeT--buni the Devil I 

Bum uup-dnmon— bura your mouth ! 
Bum tlte GOtUi ! they're up at tlxty ; 

Bum Buro't Jufllca—fauni Old Cdte I 
Bern thi dwtnuti— bum theibovd 1 

Buin a fire, and bum the imoke I 
Bum burnt abnonda— bum burnt bnndy. 

Let all burning* have a ttfm t 
Bum Cbabert, tlw tahussikteri-— 

Bum the man that wouldn't bum I 
Bum the old year out, don't rii^ It t 
, Bum theonethatmutt b^in ; 

' Bncs Laag Sjat, and, wlillat yonle burahig. 

Bom tlw bum he paldled la. 
flurfl Um boaing— bum Um btadls I 

Burn the baker— bum hli man t 
Bam the butcher— bum the duitraan. 

Bum the iweepei. IT you can ! 

HumtheppWiiisti laiiiitbepwlM^— 
. Bttjm tjM kqpckct— bam the ImUi— 
Bum theAMutbat^onurocnKMNTr- 

Beml6 Mkveod bum ton wdL 
Burn the parlth bom thexmttag. 
■ Bam all tcui In a miss. 
Bam the pavbi g b arathelightfan— 

Bum the boraen— bom the ga*. 

Bum an eiadkBt white or ydlow— 

Bun for war and not Cor peam I— 
Bon tb* csar oT aU tbe tallow,— 

Bum the Uag of all tht gieece* 

Bum all cantera— bum in SmithfiiU. 

Bum tea-tottle hum and bug i 
Bum hi* kettle, bum hli water. 

Bum hli mumot bun hi* mug. 
Bum tlie brcek* qT meddling «lcan> 

Picking hole* in Anna's un* ! 
Bum alt Steen'i opodddoc. 

Jun for being good tot bam. 
B iin all nrlnd hi i Inii 1 1 aiphaltwm I 

Bum the money leaden down — 
Bum all tcbeme* that bum one'* fiuen ! 

Bum the cheapeat bouae in Iowa t 
Bum all bona and boriiu toplcst 

Bum Bnnel— ay, in U* hole 1 
Bum ill lutijecu tlut are IrMtt 

Bum the nigger* black a* coal I 

Bum all Boft tmltaton ! 

Bum all ulea without a head I 
Bum B candle near the curtain ! 

Bum youT Bum*, and bum your bed I 
Bum all wrnnn that won't be righted t 

Bum poor boup, and Span)*h dalmi I 
Bum that BaU> and bum hit Vlaea I 

Bum all MRS of taunlDg Bbanst I 



BuniheWhigi! and bun the Toricif 

Bun sU partiea. great and analll 
Bum that vrcrlactfaig POTOder— 

Bum hit Suttee* ooce for all ! 
Bum the fop that bum* tobaceol 

Bum a ciftlc that eondgnn* \ 
Bum Luciier and all hi* matrliai i 

Bum the fool that burn* the Thaasa 1 
Bun all burning igitstotv- 

Bum all loccb-panuting dre* ! 
Aad. oh I burn Paiaon Stqban^ ipwdiBi , 

If they haven't burnt tbenudTe*." 

It would be dangerous to leave off with so 
much tinder or gunpowder by candle-light; and, 
merely as an inaurance against fire, we add 

" T\e BncAebr'f Drtam, 
Hy pipe ii lit, my grog i* mix'd. 

My curt^w dnwn. aBdaliyaangi 
Old PuH U in her dbow-chalr. 

And Tray i* dttlng on the rug. 
Laat night l had a curlou* dream, 

MfiaSMan Bate wa* H[*tre«( yogg— 
What d'ye think of that, my at? 

What d'ye think of that, my dog f 
She look'd M Mt, die *a&g to well, 
I coold but woo asd the wm won i 
Mn^ In Uua, die bride in whMc, 

The Ting wa* plaoad, the deed was donel 
Away we went In diabeaad four, 

A* Cut a* grinning boya could flog— 
WbMd'y* think of that, my cat f 

What d'ye think of that, my dog t 
What krring (Aea-d-MM to come ! 

But tAeM-tfter muit atlll dafbr I 
When Suaan tame to live with nw. 

Her mother eame to live with hci '. 
With riltct Belle ihe ooutd'nt part. 

But all my Iks had leave to job— 
What dWg think of that, my ut f 

What d'ye tUnk oT thau my dog r 
TlM mother brought a pretty Pcdl— 

A mookn too— what work he made! 
The dttet Introduced a Imbb— 

My Suaan braughtaEavoaiUamBid. 
She had a tabby of hn om^ . 
' A anaiipish maanel chriiten'd Oo^ 
What d*ys think or that, my cat } 

What d'ye tUnk of that, my dog r 
Ttie monkey bit— the parrot acieam'd. 

All day IH ibler lUumm'd and lung i 
The petUd maid waa audi a acold, 

Hy Suaan leam'd to u*e her bKvw : 
Har mother had tuch wretched health, 
Sb« late and cr<Mk'd like any tag— 
What d'ye think of that, my cat i 
What d'ye think of that, my dog t 

Nolongetdcanr. duck, and love, 

I aoon came down to rimple ■ II I' 
Th* vary lervaat* aottd my wlah, 
Hy Suian M me down to than. 
Tlw poker hardly leem'd my own, 
1 tnlgbt a* wril have bean a lof— 
Whatd^e think of that, my att 

What d'ye think of that, my dog r 
lly clothe* they were the queereat ahapet 

Sudi ooata and hat* ihe never met 1 
My way* they wtw the oidaii waya 1 
Hy Maads «c» audi a vulgv sM I 
Poor TamkboB ma amAtf d and huVd- 
She omU not bear that Hiaier Blggg- 
What d>« think ortfaat, my cat? 

What d'ye lUnk ^ that, my dog I 
At thoe* we had a ipar, and then 

MamnanniKniin^eln tbtsosv— 
The *later took a dttei'* part-> 

TIm mdd dedaied her matter wroof-i 
The parrot lean'd to call me ' fool !' 

Hy llfto wa* llkta London fbg— 
What dTye thisk or that, my oft 1 

What d'ye Italaktrf that, my dogf 
Hy SuiaD^ taste waa supttflne, 

A* proved by WB* they had no and-i 
I never bad a daeeat coat— 

I never had a cola to ipend I 
She forced me to resign my club, 

Lay down my pipe, rHiench my gng-^ 
What d'ye think of that, my cat t 

What d'ye UUnk of that, my dog r 
Each Sunday night we gavt a nut 

To fbpi and llRta, a pretty lilt. 
And whan I tried toatealaway 

1 lound my study full at wUat I 
Then, flnt to come and lau togo, 

ThciaalwnB wai a Captain Hqgr** 
What d'ye tbUt of that, ny cat 

What d'ye think or that, my dngr 
Now wa* not that an awful dream 
For one who stogie 1* and mug— 
With puaty In thealbow-dwlr 

And^Tny icpoalug on the lug I— 
ir I mu*l totter down the hill, 
'Ti* tafM done without a clog— 1 



I 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



9 



UISCELLAKEOUS. 

BituTM SngUth Stagt, Not. /. and II. i OAeUo. 
Hamlet. LoDdon, 1830. Simpkln mud 
ManhaU. 

Taste tod jodgnait have been well exerciied 
in the production of thii handwme edition of 
the pUyt of the immortal bard. The iUuatra. 
tiona are eueedingly weJl execatod, and the 
biatory of each play Is at once original and 
nwtly written. 

TrmmiUHimft. By Mrs. Thomas. Pp. 842 

London, isao. Saimden and Otley. 
Althdvoh w« eaimot award theee poeau any 
high pniaa, we are bound to admit that they 
potNM considerable merit, and here and there 
display mndi trae feeling ; and it has bean our 
lot to Mmse many a rolajiw that did not ex. 
biblt these excellences. The wsificstion is 
often hannoniow, lod wa ■ometlmei stumble 
upon a thooght that soarn above the common 
luight of « mttlness.*' CoouBg from a lady, 
wear* too gtiUnt to pass the vtdume by without 

omnng an extract, which we do from 

" A Summer J f or w* y. 
It to tto dtwB I « frw bri^t tOrmoa ttrcakt 
Nlfhf 1 rMiftil mntnr aSmii tmalu i 
Aunn'* tMj fln(Ki hava bagiui 

If Ct 

Lol - . 
Anddy 




And M bailMi, tacmt dailgbwd dagi: 
NMPa^famriboMwhom 

To tltfr. thou ahtalnf UMj 

ths wwm ■k2rluk.1al& taaUmwaag. 

Uktb«HiirScliMk,«bM IMi Am icA »pa^ 
Aeeount qf A« Khtgdom t^f Caubul, and 
to ZhpemdMelu in Ptrna, Tartary, and' 
India ; eompritinff a View ^ the Afghaun 
JVortoft, and a Hittmy oflAt Douraaee Mo- 
nanhjf. By the Hon. Hoantataart-EIphhi. 
•tone. A naw and rnittd edilion. 3 vols. 
9ro. London, 1835. Bentley. 
Tax Ron. Monnatoait Elphlnatoiie tt known 
to every person acqnainted with our Indian 
empire to be one of the ablest functionaries 
who erer exercised dril authority or conducted 
diplomatic affairs in that rast country. WbaU 
«»er comes from his pen, therefore, comae with 
a weight which entitles it to the ntmost oonsi< 
dmtlon and eoDftdeooB; and now that the 
snUect of these vobunei has acquired a new 
■nd pressing importanoe, in oonseqaence of the 
turn of events, ft Is trith much satisfaction we 
receive another and revised edition of his 
▼iliiable labours. With notee, added fifom 
more recent and excellent soaroei (Mr. ConoUy, 
or A. Barnes, Mr. Elpbinstone has not 
<^ perfected his " Aocooat '* to the present 
time, bnt has eonstracCed a map of great 
utility M a refwence, and which, tboagh rery 
modestly spoken of by the author, will be found 
tebeby far the beet to consult in regard to any 
flperatioos In Afghanistan or CaaboT. Altoge- 
ther the work ha* been reproduced at the most 
appropriate period; and we cordially recom- 
mei^ it to every reader who fo* an Intei.-- 
est in Indian (may we not say. In British?) 
antra. 

AXTS AlfD SOISNOB8. 
ABTSSIHIA. 
Baioh a. Voir Eatte, a Prussian nobtemao, 
has latdy published an account of his visit to 
Abyssinia. Re did not penetrate ao far into 
the ooantrr aa the French ttavrilers. Combes 
and Tamidcr, wfai^ In aome rcqracts, appear 
also to ban met wlib a better reccptimi from 
the nativei, and wbow aoconnt, mitten la ■ 



romantic atyle, is calculated to please readers 
who are fcmd of strange adventares ; bat Katte 
has, at least, the advantage of love of truth, 
and oftheiuadomed simplicity of his nnrrative. 

Katte commenced his journey into the 
interior from Massuah, and proceeded, by way 
of Cadagena, Aigenti, Madurrhi, and Onrra, 
to Adowa, the end of his journey, where he 
was kindly received by Prince Udie, and Mr. 
Isenbnrgh, the Prussian missionary. Though 
the same places have been visited and descritwd 
by Bruce, Salt, and others, Katte's work con- 
tains many new observations. The political 
state of Abyssinia, too, has undergone a great 
change since Sail's visit. Katte gives the most 
favourable account of the natural beauties and 
riches of the conntry, with which the popula- 
tion makes the most afflicting contrast ; and 
though the Inhabitants in general profess 
Christianity, they are described as a very de- 
graded people, without any Inclination to 
civilisation, and at the same time Immoral, 
thievish, treaeheroos, and, beyond all conception, 
cowardly. We subjoin a few of the most inte- 
resting descriptions t— 

" The mountains between Eltet and Cada- 
gena, are covered with thidc forests of lofty 
eedars, tamarinds, and wild citron trees. The 
aloe is magnificent, and the cactus, of manifold 
spedes, grows like a wood. Tlie finest grass 
rises to an aatmiaUng hdgbt, bnt withers and 
rots, as no hand takes tbe trooble of cutting It 
down. The wild orange Is every where met 
with among these beautiful mountains, and, 
notwithstanding its bitter taste. Is a favourite 
food of the peo^e. A botanist would reap an 
ample harvest here, for there are probably ' 
many unknown plants In these mountains and 
in the deep valleys. But all these plants grow | 
so close together, and flonrish in such rank; 
tropical lumrianoe, that It Is searoeir possible I 
to penetrate through them. The valleys, too,j 
have the character of this fine vegetation.' 
Ifoiie but those who have seen tbe valleys of | 
tbe Tyrol, and have fancy enough to Imagine I 
tbem co^ed with the vegetation of the torrid 
xene, and with tbe tropinl sky, can li^ye;^ , 
idea of this endianting sceneiy. On aM top, 
of the mountains, tbe character -efthj v^eta-| 
tion alters; the tropical plants, and'ihe lofEyi 
oJ irons and tamarind trees, gradually disappear, 
and are succeeded by the gigantic cedar, which, ! 
however, decreases in siie tbe higher you, 
ascend, asid becomes at last dwarash and{ 
•tented. Aloes, and nctps, btfwever, of the | 
most diverse forms, never cease, and do not , 
disappear even on the highest summits. The , 
latter, espedally, covers large tracts, through 
which it is difficult to find a way. It dlffnsee a I 
disagreeable, overpowoing smell, and the! 
natives do not venture to pass the night near ! 
spots covered with cactus. There are numbers ' 
of elephants on tbe mountains sooth of Algnti. 
The path they have taken is too oleoriy marked 
to be mistaken. Trunks of high and thick 
trees, which are snapped like a reed, and often 
obstruct tbe way ; large tractaofgrasstrampled 
down, bushes which amear quite destroyed, are 
the traces which these enormous animals 
leave behind them. A young man, the 
muledriver, who epcdie Arauo pretty fluently, 
and was very talkative, teld me many 
stories of the sixe and strength of these 
animals, and in what manner they were killed, 
when, suddenly, one of my servants came run- 
ning towards me, made me a sign to be still, and 
■then led me a few steps on one aide, to a spot 
whence I had a line prospect over a beautiral 
jwalley. In the slope of this valley then were 
•boat twenty dapbutti. Tbe dark gray, shape- 



less masses of these gigantic animals, were 
moving ronnd a group of trees, from wbldt 
they broke boughs with tbeir trunks, and ate 
the leaves at their ease. It was the first time 
that I' saw elephants in a wild state. These 
creatures were of prodigious size. I estimate 
them at eighteen or twenty feet, and I beliore 
that they were rather above than below that 
bright. A small elephant, about tlx fiset high, 
was the only one that remarked us, and ap» 
pewed to be alarmed, while the others did not 
even condescend to look at us. I was told that 
the elephant is dangerous only in the ratting 
season, or when he perceives a -camel. The 
elephants have the bitterest enmity to that 
barmleu animal. When the camel scents tbe 
depbant It itopa still, trembles in all Its limba, 
and utters an nnlntermpted cry of terror and 
aflH^t. No persoarion, no blows, can Indnoe 
It to rise; It moves its head badcwards and 
forwards, and Its whole frame is shaken with 
mortal anguish. The elephant, on the contovy, 
as soon aa he percdres the camel, elevatea Us 
tmnk, Btampa with his feet, and, with his 
trank thrown forwards, snorting with a noise 
like the sound of a trampet, he rushes towards 
the camel, which, with iu nedt outstretched, 
and utterly defenceless, awalu, with the most 
mtlent resignation, the approach of Its enemy. 
The elephant, with Its enormous shapdess Umbe, 
tramples on the unfortunate animal In indi a 
manner, that In a few minntei It Is acattered 
aronud in small fragments. At first I did not 
entirely believe this account ; but In the seqnel 
I Bpdce on the subject witii the leader of a 
caravan from Sennaar, who told me tbe same, 
and assured me that sometimes, in tbe neigh- 
bourhood of the Kolla, entire caravans perish in 
this manner. Inntmierable birds, dewed with 
the most splendid and varied plumage, which 
glows as they fly, in a tiionsand shades trf colour, 
seem alone to animate the groves, while their in- 
cessant cry, and loquacious chatter, interrupt the 
deatlilike silence that would, otherwise, prevail 
in these solitudes. One beautiful laige purple 
bird, with d note like tbe deep tones of a flute, 
fif dlitinguisbed, aban aU the rest, by Ite fear- 
l^fsness. It flew sportivalv before alighted 
on the nearest branch, and looked at us with its 
large cunning eyes, as if It wonid have said, 
* Go no further, for nothing but misriiief awatu 
you.' It is no wonder that birds act so import- 
ant a part in the eastern tales, and areendowed 
with finer senses, so, that they flutter about man 
as protecting genii, and, with ^Mr familiar 
chatter, Inspire him with resignation, hope, and 
confidence. I well remember the first time that 
I saw, in Yemen, the bird bulbul, of which tbe 
Arabian tales have so much to relate. It was 
ritting on tbe extreme point of the loftiest tree, 
and scarcely did It raise Its far-sonnding, rolling 
tenor voice, when all the Arabs in my oompany 
joined in, stood still, and addressed a number oif 
questions to it, to all which It was never weary 
of answering. This bird is held In the highest 
estimation in Persia and Turkey; to kill it 
would be looked upon as a great crime. I 
wondered at never seeing this beautiful bird 
in Abyssinia; bnt the people are too prosaic for 
him ; be would die of enmri.** 

Many passages In Katte*8 Jonmal confirm 
the excessively cowardly disposition of the 
Abyasiniana. The following is a fragment of 
his adventares : We were still aliout a 
league from the village, when we met a body of 
abwit twelve armed men. Scarcely were they 
percrived by my guide and tbe servants, when 
the latter, paralyaetf'^rith MnaLMoi still. 
Pale «iiffl4^>t!)>flWik^^ limbs, 
tbey vRb omeulty fa^vteOhemielrea by 



10 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE. AND 



laMiing on the uiei that carried my effectB, 
I could not coooeire wh«t they meant. One 
of thaie people a^Tmncod to ou, looked et mc 
■ttoBtivdy for aono tima^ and theo made a lign 
to the rest to go on. . He hiouelf followed 
them, after he had addieued a few vorda, 
which I did not understand, to my guide, who 
wai too much frightened to anawer. It was 
not tiU they were quite out of light that my 
people catBs to thanuelvaa. Fran their ani- 
mated GcmnnatiQa, utd tiw haate with which 
they veat forward, I mw plainly (hat there 
had beeu aone danger. I leame4 afterward*, 
wt Nabiuih Adi, that we had met the mott 
notorious robbara in the nhole province, who 
had probably been deterred frm attacking me 
by the firearms which I constantly wore iu my 
girdle. I frequently liad to do with robben 
alterwarda, but was always oaarinced tha^ a 
well-armed, reeolute man, need not fear whole 
blinds of them. On the road you may gene- 
rally get rid of them, that is, if the aeiranta 
tbcmselvei are not in league with then), sor 
paralysed by fear. Least of all do they na- 
ture to atUck a white mao. Perhaps the 
ohtef cause of (his is the colour of the whites { 
for the sudden appeaianoe of a white, in parts 
wliere none have been seen beforer— whara the 
petqtle, perhaps, do not even know that there 
ant such in the world,— may seem tothebUcks 
as ominous, and demoniacal, as that of a negro 
in some village iu the intepor of Germany, 
where, iu the first fright, att would probably 
run away, and fan^ that the d«ril was 
come." 

It is well known that for sereral ceuturiea 
Christianity has had numerous adherents in 
Abyssinia, and, at pieaent, it is the most gene> 
rally prevalent religion. £atia draws a very 
unfavourable picture of these bUck Christians. 
** I toond evOT where in Abyssinia a ooofirma* 
tha of what I so frequently found in tlw £■«(, 
uamdy, that the promsors of Christianity are. 
In all moral temtocts, far below the MalMwet. 
ana. If any one \odkt there for fidelity aud 
probity, let him not knock at the door of a 
Christian, or he will find himself most cruelly 
deotived. Tills it net owing to (he ojiprMslao 
irtiioh lalamisM ezarcisea over Christianity, 
for this oppreuion is by no means so severe as 
people in Europe fancy ; it rather proceeds 
from the hatred with wliich thq different 
Christian parties persecute each other, — from 
the eiidloM family intrigues, generated by 
covBtousneu, and supported by falsehood, — in 
the practice of the austerities prescribed by 
(heir religioa itsdf, which harden their heart, 
■—and, lastly, from the moral corruption in which 
the young, par ttoularly the males, are brought up. 
The infinance of the priests ia, ou the whole, 
very great, especially over the lower classes of 
the people ; but the state of indigence in which 
almost all of them live, has never allowed tUem 
to acquire such political power as iu other 
Christian countries. Tbey an absdutely de- 
pendent on the princes, who sometimes let 
them feel the whole wei^t of their power. 
Same who had ventured to excommunicate 
princes, have atoned for their rashness with 
their lives. The last Adune himself was in 
danger of this fate; but the intervention of 
some great men saved him. The author 
learned how great the poverty of the priests 
ix from one of them, who, though he had 
the highest rank next to tiie Confessor of 
Prince Udie, aud was connlauUy about the 
prince's pertMjii, had no mule, aud auxiotiHly 
waited till Udle aliould give him one. The 
lower clergy live in such. deplonUile misaryy 
that nan; of (ham ut, litenUy QoiUDgt 



sometimes ou the point of perishing for hunger. 
Under these circumstances, it is not to be won- 
dered at If their character is at n very low ebb. 
It is affirmed that many of them have never 
read tlie Bible, and ar« not acquainted even 
with the New Testament. Hence the Atakas, 
or learned men, are ashamed to be taken for 
priests, and, therefore, wear a different dress. 
Such of the clergy as apply themselves to the 
study of works on tiieouigy, do It only that 
they may be (he bettor able to dispute, — fur tliis 
is (le ioul of the ChrisUan religion In AbyB< 
siuia. Nobody takes the trouble to preadi 
plain morality t and it Is, therefore, wholly 
unknown there. In such disputations they 
have much practice, and often contrive, in a 
truly sophistical manner, to entangle their 
opponent in liia own aigumenta. Everv"!Ea- 
ropean traveller, who U not well versed in the 
dogmas qf the several Christian parties, and 
especially in the writinga of the fatiiers of the 
fifth century, sboold, therefore, take good care 
to avoid eog^ing in a religious controversv 
with sucli a dispuutious Abyssinian priest. A 
false quotation, and, still more, want of ac* 
quaintance with ouo of these authorities. Im- 
mediately fixes on him a reputation for ig- 
norance,— the very wprst character that a 
European can have i^ Abyssinia. As their 
ol)ject ia by no means to convince, but only to 
embarrass and entangle their adversary, that 
they may afterwards decry htm as a blockhead,- 
■t Is the roost advisable to avmd these useleu 
dispatations, fhim which nobody can expeu 
any good. Tlie anthor uir priests repeat the 
Mme question perhaps twenty times, which 
the Protestant mtnionary as OtUa answered. 
They went away, saying, * You are right ;* 
hut they were sure to return on the following 
day with the same objections. Hence it ap- 
pears (ha( (he man of (he people must remain 
in a dei>lorable moral oondtUoo. Lying, de- 
ceit, laziness, and (baft, are their universal 
characteristics ; positive virtues are sought in 
vain. The Abyssinian people have for many 
centuries professed Christianity; they know 
the Bible and many caoooical writings; but 
ChristUnity, as it ia taught them, is unhappily 
distinguished by notliiag but the most absurd 
and subtile diapntes, party hatred, and perse, 
cutioo. It has not impelled the people (o any 
useful activity, to any improvement in learn- 
ing t they are as rude, perhaps more rude, 
than when they renounrad paganism." 



I.ITBRARY AND XiSASHBD. 

UlTlVKRSITY IKTBLLIOEHCB. 

CAvaaiiwa — Tbe UulsMn prisB ma KUudMd to D. 
Moon, of Cathaitn* Hsll, In OOs Ualvasltj. ItarliUE^ 
DO tiM Mkiwliig niMNt. "nat a Heriiuioii tanutn 
mjttt^ It BO soUd s iga— It sgsbst Us tmlb.'*— 

LiTiuVT Airo scmTinc insTiirfls 

FOK THE Blffirilta WEEK, 
i f ifcy^Ualfd Ssrvlos Mhsmw, » tm. t Batono- 

kadnl. VP.M. J BlitUl AidiUocti, 8 kk, 
ntMdw.— ttayal Hadkal sad CMruralGal, 81 p.n.t 

Ovil Bngincen, 8 w.m.% Zootajtal, S V^m.; SodelT of 

Arti, a P.M. (On the Usi of KIm Ik Mm Aru. bv the 

Sccraurj). 

Wtdaimlay.—Sodetf of Arts, 71 r.M.t OtolnBical, 
n p.ii.t LiMtarv Fund Coaunlltas, 3 r.m.i 3l«dloo- 
BoUnksl. V F-M.; GtapMc, fl p.m. 
- ^If'^—**??*.' Sodeiy.Bi p.*!.; ARtlqnarki.«M|.t 
RavsI Sodety of Litcntun, 4 p.m. 

JVMw^Bots) Aftrooomlcal, « p.m. 

aa Wii lsr . O bi's Hoqtlul. a r.m. 



FINE ARTS. 



HistoriealSkelcheioflheOidPamttrt. By the 
Author of Three Experimeoia of Living," 
12mo. pp. m Boston (U.S.), 1838. Hil. 
liard, Oray, and Co. 

The object of th« author of (hU li(tle ndunie 



is stnted to bo " an attempt to make more 
graphic and real the hiatory of men, whose 
names are famiHar to most of us, and with 
whose ifofka we are becoming more and mora 
acquainted." This is addressed to the liOia- 
Utants of America ; but the work is one which 
will be read with great pTeasiire In Europe. 
The autiior, althoo^ he dladalms any preten- 
sion to a knowledge of the fine arts, (s evidently 
a man of onltirated and etegsnt mind. His 
Sketches " comprehend the prindpal palntera 
fjrasB Apdies down to Clande. They cosnist of 
a combination of fact midTanoy. In tiie eariy 
part of the series, fancy, of ennrse^ pyeduwU 
nates ; in the latter, focu As a speoimon of 
the manner in which the subjects are treated 
and decorated, we wiU qnoCe a tooehiag paa. 
saga frm the ikelBh u Antooto AUagri da 
Core^o. 

** * Here oomes Aataplo, with hla new pie- 
tare,' said Haddeiena ta her fatlier Nicolot 

* do, dear father, sMkkiadly to him.' 'Nay, 
daughter,' replied Nioalo^ * tuou tust not ex- 
pect me to be a» devoUka aa (kyaelf. I wiU 
speak to him as owaan may speak to another. 
It wobU hava keen wdl for (bee had I not 
yielded to thy fboltih Faicy hi tiie fint place. 
Hadst thou roatried FiettOy thou w(Hilds( have 
taken thy ftaptr atatieo in ibo world, aad been 
mistress of one of the finest Inns in Cor^^o. 
I shouM not see thee, as I do now, wanting tlie 
ne ce ssaries of life.' * Patlier,' said lUadMena, 
' thou art mistaken ; I want nothing. I am 
the happiest being in the world.' * TiMn why 
doat tboa weep f wM NIeolo, for th» tears of 
the young wife were fhOIng tfte a morning 
shadow. ' Look V said sba, ' Antonio Im just 
Gpming up the hill— 4ee how feeblohe walks-, 
he can scarcely carry his piuture — ah, he stops 
•to rest— do you see bow pale he is ?* * Yes, 
yes, I see ; he had better have taken my advice, 
and worked at my trade ; I oBend to give him 
a year's instruction for no remuneration but his 
services ; but notkii^ would do hot he must 
paint picturcfl, tiiat are good for nothing in tha 
world. Now jars, and pipkins, aud miQc-pana, 
and flower-pots, we good for somethiug, and 
will alwap oring money.* * Yes, father ; but 
Antonlo*8 works will briuc lum fame — glory.* 

* Fame I glory I — aonsenaeT Canst thoiiliYeupuu 
these commodities?* ' Wewant bulverylittieto 
live upon; indeed, father, ifAutonio were well, 
I should not have a wish uugrati&ed. He is su 
kind, so gentle, so fond of our littie Oiovanui, 
and of the infant. Oh, there are few so blest aa 
I am 1 To have aiich a husband, father, — one 
whcip gcaiui wltt lead him to immortality I' 

* It Is 7n a foir way of leading thee to im- 
mortality, my poor cluhl,' said Nicolo with 
feeling. ' Thou art almost as pale as lie. I 
littie thought, when I let thee out of my fold, 
that tkou wouldat iind no other sheplierd.* 
' Say what you please to me, * laid Mad- 
delena, ' you are ray father, my deer fiulier, 
and I can bear it all t but I.beseedi you do not , 
say suck things to my pour Anioniot they 
make him nuaeraUe, ihey break his hearL 

* I wish you had married Tietro,.' reiterated 
Nicblo, ' he has a stout heart.' ' Bather say, 
you wish I was in my grave ; for I , would 
■ooaer be tben^thiio married to him. No, no, 
you do not wish sudi misery for your poor 
ehild. Look, father I Antonio is up again, 
and oomiiig--ah, when you see his picture, t 
ftm sure you will say to tiirn, * You did right, 
Antonio, to pursue painting, it will lead you to 
Immortality.' ' Antonio slowly ascended the 
hill, and Aladdelena met liim. ' Let me look 
|it it,' said she, aud hr'~t3rp4d^Ue,, |ipijiira 
towai-d| hsrpigifaavil 



n 



* they are just such facet u wa ihall tee in , 
heaven.* Whaii they Miieml the bouw, the 
painter znodeatly set dovu the pletare with iti 
nee to the iratl. ' A wann day, AntonlOf' said 
Niodoi * thou ibalt liava a cup of my good old 
wine to refrwh thee.* * Rather a oup of milk,* 
replied Antonio, * I do not lore your hflatloE 
draiightt ; they wly add to the beat berat' and 
ha laid his band npon his breast. * My dear 
huabuid,* said Maddelina, aoothinflyt * thou 
luH yalotad too dosely for tbaea mw dayi 

Kt ; but it is for you. father, Anttmift baa 
a engaged. He eald he wonid paint a 
piotare ur your raoa, and ha has tmiught 
it.' 'It is but a Uttle thing/ aaid An. 
tonio rising, * but I will slww it to you.' 

* Wait a moment,' einlaimad Uaddelana, ' I 
Iwar oar little Glonanl, . and htbj tm i« 
await* t* aad, gsing out, ue returned in a f«w 
OMinMnla with tlie child in her annst aaated 
liMaalf near tbe window, with Olovaani leaning 
upou her lap, and said, * C<nie, Antonio, I am 
ready.* Slovly, and with lona tnmidation, 
the painter disjdayed th« pictiua. It was a 
Madonna with tw lofiuk in her arnwt awl 
John near bar— Maria and Ivr chihuen— 
bearing a Tary atriliitig reeeaiblaiiaa W tbe 
living gmup before them. Nioolo gawd upon 
iti hit stern faaturet relaxed ; he attempted to 
■peal^ and bunt into tears. * My daoghiar !* 
he at lengtli exclaimed, * my little Giovanni 1 
Just as tbey loob now ;* and suddenly turning 
to Antonioi, he seixed hie hand. ' ¥«■,* con- 
tinued ho, *tbou vert to puna* paiotlnft' 
II viU lead tba* to immortaUty.* * Did J not 
•ay soP' said the deU^ted wife; and her arms 
were in a moment around her father^ neck." 

We entirely agree with the author, that " it 
wen well if the thirst far amneement could be 
partly BBtiefied with Hudi eaiertainmant aa flewa 
from a history of thodorelopenMntiad r ummA t 
of genius, or at laaat waSat the r aadir to dimw 
a leeeon liraai the Uvea of tboae who have uimI 
fir par wtted lUt noUe gift of the Creator." 

HEW FU8I.1CATI0Vfl> 

FimdeMM* BMal GeUl^rg nf BtiA^ Art. 
Art 11. Moon. 
Wx ban baea Inpatientiy looUiw for Um 
aeeond number of a publication, the ottt num- 
ber of whldi so powerfully exdted our admira- 
tion, and our expectations are completely gra* 
tiSed. The ptatM of which the present part 
Goniiit are ** the Smuggler's Intrusion,** en- 
grared by F. Bacon, from a picture by Sir D. 
Wilkie, R.A. ; " Neapollun Feasanta going to 
the FeaU of tbe Pi£ di Orotta." ennaTed by 
8. Sangater, fVom a picture Djr T. UwInL 
RA. ; and ** The Rotns of Carthage, ''engravM 
hy J. T. \t^Dmore, Awn a picture by W. 
Linton. They are all ftrtt>nite productions. 
In the MM M the head of the Use, the com- 
bined fitrority and cunning in the countenance 
of the hold and bnrly mffian, contrasts finely 
with the Innocent but alarmed exproMitHi of 
the famllr of the peasant Into whpie cottage 
he has unUddlngly msbed, for the evident pur- 
pose of hiding himself and hfa Illicit spoil. 
** The Feata or the Pii di GrottOf which takes 
place on the 8th of September, is one of the 
prindpal and most Interesting of the numenmi 
holydayi commanded by the prfeats and enjoyed 
by the popnlitce of Naple<. This Is the only 
fmiral at which the peasantry are privileged 
to enter the Vllbi Reale — the public gardens of 
Naples — and they take full advantage of the 
licenae: crowds from the surrounding conntry 
came in at an early hour, and bear aKiog with 
tbem the fine fmita of (he aeastm t and the 
hog tmA of the fnanhea, which gnm so lux- 



uriantlr in the delicious climate of Naples, i* 
borne by hundreds, in honour of tbe Madonna 
delU Orotla." Mr. Uwins'a maiteriy and ele- 
gant coiu position represenu a family of these 

Picturesque and appwently btppy peasants, 
'hey form a cliarming group; and Mr. Sang. 
Bter has done every nisslble jtutice to the beau- 
tiful original, at which we well recollect gnziog 
with great drilght when it was exhibited at 
Somerset House ia 1834. To " The Ruin* of 
Carthage" we adverted in a fermor Number of 
the iMtntrjf GxttUet but It m«y be contem- 
plated again, and again, and again, with atill 
increarin^ enjoyment. The ClaudoJike oem- 
poaitlon is amonr Mr. Linton's happiest ef> 
forU; and Mr. Willmore's execution, efpecIaUy 
in the serene gradation of the sky, and the 
tramutouB glitter of the water, is tnuucepdant. 

OHffifMt <tr CeMmud Worka, ffm Me heit 
Mattfn, of Atwient md M«£mBaifyhm. 
Not. I. to VI. Murton. 
A VEKT dever and vleaslng little piibllotCfon, 
In our opinion well calculated to assist in 
Aaaply dlAisllig ^e general principles of taste 
In the fine arts. The outlines have betn drawn 
on tlie ktone with great delicacy, spirit, and 
correctness, by T. J. Rawlinit and, with 
reference to modem scntptora eaKcIatly, afford 
an easy means of estimating their reqiective 
and distinguishing qualities. 



And hopes of future liours could chwe tbe gloom 
That shrouds the lonely tomb. 

Netbiaka the ni^t grows cbUly, and the brena 
Seems net to pour Ita wonted fragnmee naftd ; 

Still fain let growl the asnad 
Of nigfatJiMs wafMag in tbe awoDllt trees. 
While on^i^i^joul fond bupaa and yekraiagi 

Miaa own in death, fkreweH 1 8. C. 



euaXHA& rOBTBY. 

THX STIVO Giat TO HE* LOVSE. 

Fabxwbli. bdored, dw evening hrewe is 
steaUng 

Softly around ue, and the ^w, awwt ilgh 

Of waters munn'ring by 
Falls m my tool, ia geatJa tonea revealing 
Viatona of fiitare hoiua, when I diall be 

TUaa, but in memory. 

WiTt thou Jiet sometimes wander forth aloqe 
Bealde this tranquil lake, and fondly dwell 

On all we've loved so well ? [tooe, 
And, as the breeie bears forth eaob ^iJative 
Will not my spirit aeem to hover near. 

Thy akerUhed voice to hear f 

Vet must I leave tliee, tho' thy aaddeoed brow 
Grows paler than ItH woat, and eadi fimd 
smile 

Fades from thy lip the while ; 
Still would I see thy suul lets troubled now. 
Lest mine be won from loftier feelings back 

Unto its earthward track. 

Fain would I watch thy hmdy condi besida» 
When sickness bath o*enpread tbynlHd cheek 

With fever's foarfiil streak ; 
Ofthave I Dtaved, let good or Itt betUe, 
That t might live to eaidi each breath and tone, 

In joy or grief, tliine own. 

Yet hatt thou deepted nty wannnt km oew 
cotd» (pnn, 
When all my tonl'a find hoftt to thee were 

Too much estranged from heaven ; 
But there are tbotwhtsand feelii^atUliiBlold, 
That flow like buried streams, for ever on, 

Undiaogtng and uuknown. 

I had not said so much in by^gone honrt, 
But now my pulse beats fe«ltly, and eatdi breath 

Seems to oie fraught with death 
And if to call thee mine, wlien sorrow lours 
Can brightea ouce again thy luukeu eye. 

Then can I calmly die. 

Cahnly could leave this fair and glowing scene, 
Ofcve'a soft shadows and (tfmomlug'a beams — 

The bUstf of eerlv dreams,. 
If lass of scRTow on thy brow were seeu, 



MHS. OtOBOX MACLEAir. 

A ccoiTir TS have reached England of the sadden 
death, at Cape Coast Castle, on the I &tli October, 
of this richly gifted Btfng, whose writings, 
under the signature of li. E. L.. have long bwu 
a well-spring of pleasure to riI whom Genius 
had a power to charm. Her eariient efforts, 
whilst yet little more than a child, were made 
In the peges ot the Uterarjf ikueUe, which 
many of her future prodoctionn have enridied 
and adorned. To express what we feel on her 
loss is imposriUe — and private sorrows of so 

deepaklnid are not for public display: her 

name will descend to the most distant times, as 
one of the brightest lu the annals of English 
literature ; and whether after-ages look at tbe 
glowhig purity and nature of her first poemi, 
or tbe more suitained thou^tfulness and v|. 
goor of her later works In prose or in verse, 
they wHI dierish hw Memory' to thai of one of 
the most bdoved of ianale aalhorsi pride 
and glory of our country while the Hved, and 
tbe undying delight of smnea dl ng gi sisratioiia. 
Then, as in oar day, young heartt will beat 
reqwusire to the thrilling touch of her music i 
her song oflove will fiadasacred hone hi many 
a Mr aad inMsmoiu boMMa t her nmabers 
wlildi biaathed oF the taest boaianMaa, her 
playfulness of spirit, and herwondarfbl deUnes. 
tions of diaraoter and socletr— .all — all will 
be admired, but not Lamented as uow. Sbe ia 
gone, and, oh, what a light of ndnd is extin- 
gulsbed; what an amount of friendship aad 
of love hat fme down Into her gmvel-* 

Tbe death ofher iiaole, the mgr. Dr. Whit, 
tlngton LandoD, Dean of Bxeter and Provost 
of Worcester College, Oxford, is announced in 
the tame day's journals. He was one who took 
a constant interest in tbe wd&re and risiay 
fome of his m a tchless rekttive. 



rjuiToiiim. 

PA]rToinKE.vioaT at the theatoea, like box- 
ing-day with another large chas of tbe com. 
moni^, Is a sort of jubilee, which attracto tiia 
attention of all raaksr—tbe old world aud the 
yoDbg. 

In criticUng these performances, and espe- 
cially in flompuiug tbem with fonaer produe. 
tlont ef the same kind, we oo^^t mm onlv to 
endeavour, as it seems to us, to direst onrsdvas 

of eariy predilections and preiJadkoa, and of the 
mist whiok intervening time has cast over our 
senses ; but we should consider that tbe altera, 
ttona in the theatres tliemselves must hare 1^ 
to considerabte changes iu the invention and 
^tting up of such spectacles. Tbe immenae 
siae Of the gmt sti^s renders the execution of 
tricks and transformations much more diffi- 
cult ; aud tha exertions of the principal per- 
fonaers alio not only mora fatiguing, but ne- 
cessarily of a different kind. It is easy to 
manage fifty squiire feet of machinery ; not so, 
five hundred ur tire ihouuiid. It fs euy to 

* iitiKe'wTltli^ ȣ. "iccounM hive'been'TTC^ 
whidi Intlnute that Mn. Mackan Ml a lacrlflce to ihe 



12 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, ANb 



dMoendatr^firefeetdeeptOrlmpthnnigk • 
windoTT three fest -high ; not so plmuuit, a Tall 
of tveoty feet, or a jamp of a iamn^ with a 
very dlugrewble nncertainty as to what is to 
be your reception below, or on the other side. 

There are noniaioiii other ioconrenleneea 
nith which the la^ houses hare to contend ; 
but, perhaiM, the greatest of aU at the present 
time, is the strange and anomalous state of (he 
public press, as ft affects dramatia speculation 
and propertjr. AdTOnturiog sums ot import- 
ance and magnitude on experiments Is, at die 
best, but too precarious ; it is, indeed, a ptty to 
see the spirit of party and partisanship rlti- 
atlng ahnost evenr newspaper report of the 
performances, and often most uqjusdj pre- 
judicing the interests it otuht to be thdr pride 
to cherish and protect. Bfuonging to the body, 
we are sorry to offer these observations ; but it 
is a public duty ; and by a very little pains we 
will shew how apt that public is to be misled 
^^^hiwing the guidance to which wo have 

After wltnes^og the new pantomimes, we 
toolc the trouble to refier to the joomals for 
contemporary opinions, to asoertain whether or 
not they agreed with oar own ; and we think 
our readers will be as much surprised as we 
were to discover how flatly they contradicted 
eadi other : witness the foltowing specimens of 

COMPAKATITK CHITICIBM 1 t 

On Jaek Fmst, at DniryJan*, nya the 
TinMs, it 

•'AnvwudntandMChrittmuputranime. • • * 
In kit the gmufo* attrtbutM of s comic pMitanlnw, la 
fun and fh>Uc, weU-dnlMd trickt, sdrolt tnnifonns- 
tkmf, ncellmt Henar, mud plaidiur miulc, tht tmdiw 
doD dMHTTM mat comnundufaiL" 

From this the Monioff CArmtoi^ diaiBetri. 
caUydissenUi for it dednea, after deaoriUtw 
toe opening— 

" Such li £«|m>m.Si&ruItiaiilnlenMUlttr<)onld 
uloiruitoconvrdMed IL « • > Oftha trtelu, ca- 
P^M, snd turoblei^e eanoM, we legM to mj, mak 
very fc^w^^v vara aona ot 

new : and cKclted but little wonder aoMagit lbs IwlTdaT 
caUdren> ■ 

And what nys &b HtraUL viae v€n& 
•'ItenuHoBlHaataMdWw mu* in broad nonmie 
^Xi"^ *^ *o >>• acquainted withal." 

But from this the Pot utterly and ex- 
pressly dissenU ; for it assures us that 
" There ii not «nm^ (^tnrnt /M in it. and It it loo 



Mtftrmnes wai dtttlt«ulahed by eaae. grace, and 

■gmty?"— TtaMf. 

, "Then wai the ceUmtad fit I^maim and Wtnttiar 
^nihr. 8u^ a aet of atopid people could not ba 

miaNdi wUhluotlnp.--}iMib 
Of Van Ambun^ t_ 

" But todaMndaot or OwK le^tliBSte noie and aap- 
^iten, the leasss in a gntt nanhc of awtiUa- 

" *!5'?"8'> hoidli* aorerdgD sway sad maMnrv 
over hi! wiW beawa," Ac^Ttmu. 

•' TtM MTfotmancn of Van AndMnrii n» almoat of 
too paiuf^ a nanin to be a St iBtn^lsa to a Chrlrt- 
luipaatomtoe, and a child berida ni bintsd pale with 

Of the music, meore a little. 
'* Tlw""* Jf ''■PP'TcoiBpoaadsndialKial noMug 
vM^Miw sad BMiKMOBotu.chataettf webanufuallv 

obwjed hi pantomfane muiic."— TdiMi. 

"The miulc of tbc pantamlme if m(«, and, Iherebte, 
piod."— cftnMfdfc 

"TH^^ thfoagh reOseted cndit on Hi; ElU- 

The riaiM, as we hm w«i, repraeots the 

piece as most deserving in every feature, and 
most successful to iu close. Not so ethers :~- 
_iVJ' '1^'*"' ^ ■ ™T ihTOuilta pantDmlmai but, 
with omUani and abbrerlatiaai. ttc, It mai' ytt terre 
Ita turn."— Chpsnfefa. 
" Od^ whole. Uw Odai want i« With modMata me- 

And so mndi fgr die putaadne at Drury 
Lane. 

With regard to Coveni Garden, the Tima, 
never averse to giving Alacready a sUpj has 
htn OB the hip about his Chiiitoui per 
ftnnaiioM. 

AMaiif«,ndnirRaaBRWid— amost li^ndldoui 



™jorr It was nme dasinUo ahould ramahi undiMnibed 



few come we to the particulars touching the 
downing of Wieland i and they are prettily 
contradictory I 

• " ^E* ?i«Und Hiptand Bi tha Obtm, and. cartainly, 
i^fi" dan of the eldat Griinaldl, wohava new aeaa 
Ui Clownnip ao numorouily lupported* a * < HU 
anocaas waa i'mn|rteteL''^~TTf]*fffi 

*• .V*!^ WW to w, U bat an iadiflbrent 
CtiwM— the paity^aloatad 0% and tha aoOev fkco, 
widenUy lultW not."-C9lKNidL 

Wlriandwai the aU-ln-aU of thewhobtUw. Not 
only did he throw fumore gnanl siinillaBCtfito the 
humour of the OiMiin than any indlTlra^ilnu M Oti- 

The mention of old Grimaldl," smacks of 
an understanding with the Timet' ctitie. 
More general ag^. 

. ". "•"tonnatloiu weM dever, but the 

ImtaDUneou* chanm of entire icenea wat the moU ». 
™^)^J^J;;™^«'WchaniealarranienienUof the 

the sud enn early in the eTCDliigt and the dulneai of a 
Sl!?1i''i2r2l*ii^ • hatleqjSuie, OMiitA^^l 
Dutch <w«Mw, of Uie namti of Lehmann and WTnther, 
and the bad workiiM ^iSm acenery. from ftnt to 
wpteedtiiedliBja » eBtoiSlJ; that mudHoudX 
apprabatloa fcUowed the (UI of thS eurtato."-Ol7-BnSr 

I I' *" sowl-snd tbm are aome cle.et 

Come we to the Dotch actors, and there is 
no. better agreement ; no less direct contra- 
diction. 

"The Lehmann and Wlnthet Umllyaw clever, but 
Itas fhvoimbly ncdved th«i tbs intS teAtSMvcS. 



and for|otlaa.''-TiM. 

Now, this is too savers : we never much ad- 
mired the dull tragedy otJaae Skera, but iu 
poetioat iostioe ought at least to absolve Rowe 
mm the cliarge itf inunmlity. In every tra- 
gedy thwe is guilt and crime j and the poet is 
onl^ answerable for the jest ivtribnttoo. with 
which he visits them. As for the Xotamoad 
storv, as treated in the theatre, it was not 
liable to the slightest objection. But, o/fom: 
the ttu£eaM plmsed the critic as little as the 
performances, and he kindly extends bis repre* 
hension to them. 

•' The home wat crowded In every part, but (itrauoe 
tojayj) not with the arirtoctacy f^thTland i ftw, ex- 
cepUng a few rowa on the dieu<iicle and upper bamt. 
we nevn remember to have aeeBagreatH aiMmbtneof 
Uut ' unwathcd- cndoMd within the waUi oTauy thaana.- 

As Macready gives no orders, we do not see 
how he could prevent this squalid appearaoce 
(tboogh it did not strike us), without refnshig 
Uie poorJodting creatotes* money at his doors. 
The ebeck-taken, forlnBiMii»,addMnlDgtbem 
thus— 

TO tWak to fM IMB tbs hsaas vitli a pak <rf 
IlkeUMsa? Baoffwkbinml BatumtUamw 

nu money. 

.^''-I'TtP?'' baeli--if you dotft pat oB" 
thalihabby bomiet, thw it no pit sdrntoloe ha» fbr iwch 
at you. 

1-11 X'^.S^ "T"^ ""M"""-*^ i» to the gal- 
letvt I^.pollcel Mkj^awa^lntowtody.- 
Bnt let us go to what ia our more iminediate 
object, the eritlfaM on tbe pantomime. The 
opening eeenee before the eharactan art trans, 
formed. 

mc^^tmd but moat amnitaig manaef ."— IW. 
i-I_?*.J** aoaewhat reluctantly from Oir tenatful 

borlrtUportion."— Cifwiwe. 

. ^ •fry to And the contest itn the Introduction) 

betwmn Nature and Art carried on In to low a itVlfc" 

Ugly madu, which oAnd the tight too long,*— Riti. 
1 ^i.""". ■w' ?ft •» nwrt hmUy brougbt in ontrait, 
■"^ P^T sdnurably lUuttnted both with 

■ pencU tnO of Ima^jlBathn, latte, and vigonr."— Harsif. 

The pantomunic part gives rue to equally 
discordant sUtements ; and it should be remem- 
bered that niany of these matters are statements 
of facts which admit of no variety of opinion if 
truly reported, and not matters of judgmeat, in 
whidmo (wo people mad Mgm. 



" Scenei wall painted, did niuchbr ctrrylnirthrouAa 
pBntomfanelU.«ootriTed.aadiHnwone executed. * 
And at the close 

" Hlidng and appUme teemad naariy equal, sad. If w« 
^ todedda the catthig vole, we trtdiged to tay It 
would be given to the former. CuttaBmeot, and grMter 
ElcIIIty given to the Aining. or' a fkw mm nighu' win 
PW^toli Chiltnnst paotomime' entirely W» da 

" Tha npetUott wat announcod, and no MMalr«/ and 
If romp raaa rt bysa how-, a coMlnuoua aanymM niav 

"The practical Joket not unworthy of the CM^mns." 
But 

" The diUdna teamed dtUghted.-— HmU. 
We had marked the critlquesupon the minor 
tlieatrm to shew that, ^ough in a tesser de< 
gne, and with evidently leu of private feeKiig, 
shnttar disernmndes prevail ; but, for the pre- 
sent, we shall be cmtent wiA what we think 
will be deemed a ouriofM ejMMien of 
modes in newspaper criticism. We should be 
sorry to impute Improper motives to any respeou 
able journal; but it ia imposaibla not to see, 
that in some Instances the persons whom these 
journals employ are induced to misrepresent the 
theatres, either by eulogy or oensnra. And, 
even In their case, we would not Impute eor- 
mption ; but men^s minds may be biassed in 
other ways, aad likings or resentments so ang< 
mented, as to lead to a derriiction from what 
is doe to traUt and the fUthful dlsdiai^ of a 
pnUic trust. 



Our own notice of the wedc Is, that Uie 
Covent Garden pantomime has fUfiUed the 
promise It gave, and Is nightly acted to crowded 
and ^^uding houses. At Drurg Lwte, mat- 
ten ren^n as ptr laet. 

There Is one thing just now oonneded with 
the Drama, and more higdy with iodal Bonle 
than has been anima d ver t ed upon, upott which 
we would bestow a moment's notice. We al- 
lude to the proceedings in progress for the shut- 
ting up of many shops at ri^t o'dook in the 
evening. This will throw a vast nnmber of. 
unemployed and idle perwms upon the town an 
hoar or two eariier than hacetofoie; and it 
cannot he donbted that many of them will be- 
come frequenters of the theatres, to the mani- 
fest advantage of the theatrical interests. It 
will be welt if no more obJeetionaUe pnrsuito be 
foimd fdr the rest. 

Adelphi — Mr. Biiiin, a very f/reai French 
actor, made liis appearance in London, on 
Monday, at the Adelpbi. With the remem- 
brance of the dwacf Hervio Nsno, who was so 
raeently on the same Imards, still fresh In our 
minda, imagine our astonishment to see hie 
place supplied by one, who we of a verity 
believe to be eight feet high, and finely pro- 
portioned withal. A burletta entitled The 
Giani qf PaletHne^ concocted by Mr. Stirling, 
partly from ttasso's Jerusalem," and partly 
from his own. head^ served to introduce the 
new-oomer, who was warmly welcomed. Mr. 
Bihin is light and active for his sizet and ex« 
hibits none (^tbat dull heaviness so common in 
the overgrown. The piece is well arranged as 
a vehicle for shewing the powers of the gisnt, 
and was greatly enlivened by some capital comic 
at^ng on the part of Mrs. Iteeley and Air. H. 
Beveriey j the lady's expraasion of fri|^t after 
her swagger of '* who cares for a gtant ?*' when 
she Rn^ him standing txUnd her, was as ad* 
mirable as any thing we ever saw. Two other 
attractions made their appearances in the same 
evening. The first, a very handsome young 
lady, by name Miss Fortescue ; the second, a 
farce, called Jim Crow in hii new Place : but 
the greatness of the first mrfonn«- (Mr.BihIn), 
w a6nrbed^adMlij::M>» 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES 



13 



an of tU nordities were qalte niooeufiiU and 
tlttt MOT Yetae wmi lo dreadfully fati^ed by 
lili emrdtfn that he was ioned to resiffn, by 
pennuiian of the andienee, his part in Nicholat 
Jfiri^fri^l■ to Hr. Wright, who went through It 
Mry reapeotablr, and flude U M iMi^able and 

iHtntliniT ai he could. 

Ohmpk fTn Wednwday. Madame Veitrii 
■ada her fint ^pearance efter her unprtwi' 
timi trip to Aotwica, and was received with 
4m meu enthniiaiUo wdcome by a houw 
(lowded in ewy corner. A bouquet of flowera 
wa* thrown Dpm the stage, whidi the took up, 
•ad dmed, asd kitsed, with evident emotloo. 
A mm ftitilinai ^ece, founded on a novel ver- 
rim of Jhittwrif. by Mr. Flanche and Mr. 
Cterlea Dmae^ was produced on the occasion, 
Md wmt with mudi applause. As the crowd 
Htraiad oax witneasing it, we (having the 
tor ef nawwer gniduice before our eyes) 
dan BOl aSte any criticism upon it. Madame 
VeMris ia, vi eourse, the heroine ; and we are 
^inil looked wall, thou^ tbUmor than when 



VAKIBTIBB. 

Upfl, S8th October The two great chests 

which King Gustavna III. after having sealed 
them at every j(^t, delivered on the Ist of 
Jamury, 1789, to this university as a present, 
with directkms not to open them tilt after the 
cnintian of %Styjt»x%, hare been brought out 
«tf the cellars of the univeruty, and depouted 
ia eoe of the galleries of the library. As the 
sow eacpifM on the 1st of January, 1839, the 
•mate has sent an address to the crown prince, 
m pnxeeter of the uoivertities, reoaesciug him 
to be imm at tbe opening of the chestt on 
Mew ^^r*e Day. The prince has accepted this 
lavitMioo. The two mysterious chests are of 
di&mt sliaa, and secured by numerous iron 
hmds ; tbe largest is so heavy, that four horses 
vmid aearealy be able to draw it. Since they 
have^evi plaeed in the library, which is opmi 
to tlw pMbB^Munben of persons go every day 
to look St them. 

Tkf HimmrilM taafum. — M. Freynd, 
writing £ran M. Jidda to U. Mohl, In a letter 
MbKsked in tbe Journal Arialigue for July, 
anooanccs tbe discovery of " the language 
■token at tbe ooort of the Queen of Sheba, 
^which tbe savagea of Mahrah stlU speak/' 
TUs is tbe Himyarito langoage, ff, as M. 
^•yiwt terms it, the XMiUi, v 



.. .., , whidi Is the 

nMM of a noble race, who Btni UM it in BaUk, 
HlrtMt, and Zhafar, on the southern coast of 
Oe Ar^ian Peninsula. The langoage ii So- 
rtie, but, nti gentrUy forming an additional 
(ha^to the three enumerated by Oeseoiiu. 
Tbe gzammar of the language is very peenllar, 
and In many respocu refined ; it has lome 
afiniticB with those of the Hebrew, Arabio, 
Pbaakian,andEth{opIe. There are three ar- 
tieolatiflos of tbe letter t, to pronoanee which 
requires contortions of Uie mouth that destroy 
the symmetry of the face. « It is horrible." 
obeervee M.Freynel, "to hear and see the 
hmniaca spoken!*'— ^siaifo Jmrnutl. 
^rajt^ng copied this from the last Kamber 
(CIX.) the « AtUtio Journal," we may 
■oint attention to the great increasing interest 
of Ais, and, indeed, of all publications ccmneoted 
vith the East, In consequence of the existing 
state of affiun In our Indian empire, and the 
adjoining ooantriea, indudlng the Poojab, 
Afnnhistan, Caubul, Perria, Ava, fto. && ; 
nnecting whteli tltese periodicals contain mtuix 

SMwptM'* BiMfraiAg.—W mentioned, a 
few we*i etne^ tlM dliamry efHow IntmM- 



ing memoranda illustrative of the life of the 
immortal bud, which bad been made by Mr. 
Sevnm, tbe librarian of the London Medical 
Society, among the Tolumea nnd» his can. 
The ncU <a UM case ate, we understand, as 
follows. An incumbent of Stratford-upon-Avon, 
who was inducted into the living about lfi4(^ 
and directed his attention to the care or bodies 
as wdl as Mula, left behind him a adlectlon of 
Sphmtridti, in which he has inserted, among 
sundry medical formuUs, a number of scattered 
anecdotes and traditions respecting Shakspere, 
some of which bo had learned from tbe gossip 
of the town_Rmeng othen, from one of his 
female patlenu, a descendant, either grand, 
daughter (V great niece of the poet. Tbe books 
in which these notes are inserted are understood 
to have been in the potseuion of tbe Society 
from the time of lu foundation, but it being 
snmrased that the MS. notea they eontidn were 
nothing but prescriptions, have never been re> 
garded as of any valae, until their bting aed- 
dentally brought under tbe notice of Hr. Severn, 
led to the discovery of their importance in illus- 
trating the personal history of one, by connex- 
ion with whom the veriest triflto become of 
value. We understand the cnrioeity of tbe 
lovers of Shakspere and his timw wlU shortly 
be graMad by their publication. 

fVtaiAer ProphHi — The new year recalls 
our memory to the weather prophets, who 
begin very unluckily. Blurphy predicts frost 
with snow for the 1st ; fair, with a return of 
frost, for the 2di frost, aooompanled with 
snow, Cor tbe Sd t feir, frost, for the 4th ( and 
diannaUe, snow, for this day. All wnmg ! 
Mr. wmmonitn ii hardly more lucky, unleu 
we have to-day the "downfall and wind" 
whicb he predicts. 

A Hurrieans.—Ia a conversation the other 
day, after mentioning the movement of immeue 
stiHiea by the tempest in the West Indlce, 

Hr. L mentkmed that, just before his 

arrival tbore, a twenty-four pounder had been 
blown, by the violence of the storm, from the 
battery into tbe sea. " That (rejoined Mr. 

J M. ..) explains to me what I never 

could understand before— the meaning of its 
' blowing great gone ! * " 

A Jew Bargmn^We bad a good laugh, tbe 
other day, on Westminster Bridge, wliere a 
Jew diiynan was telling oranges, and a cus- 
tomer bad bated him down from eighteea- 
ponce to fourpenoe for a dosen. Having picked 
thtoe, the nncmucionable fdlow insisted on 
having one In, or declared be would not take 
tbm; and, after much chaffisring, the Jew 
tossed in the orange, with the Ci^loMigtpeedii 
— '* Vdl, den, t^ *an ; but you have dem 
iheeptr as meshelf, if I thole dem, sbo help me 
Got!" 

A JPeer i>ar«y.-Jinoiher Instance of the 
whim In conversation among the lower orders 
was overheard at Hammersmith. Two or 
three men and women, out h«dyday-making, 
had pretty evidently spent all thdr money, 
and one said to tbe others" What, have you 
nothing left for another glass P" ** No,^ was 
the rnly i no, not even so much ae to pay 
the 'pikefbr a walUiig-sUek 1** 



Btmcn oa the DtaeMW of Honti, Horud Cittto. md 
ShMp, Sto. Ilk. fti.-A Hml Coolmt, by F. B.IU*- 
buK, 3d «d)t ISnkx U at-The Seotlih ^^'M^' 
H. Looso, 18IDO. to. 6L—BkAA'» Hiuoty <rf ArcWU^re, 
SdeATltmo. SfcU^R. Brooka'i TmtM on thsOOos 
or • Hfltsry, Sro. «».-TBt'i Hsnd-Booto : Zo-'"'--' 
Gsitei, tutwaXt Psrk. 1*. W. : Ditto. Surm . 
CSl Gudeu, U. U— BIngleT'i T4ki of Sblp — 
HUsrer4^Bl«»Mit* or ae'Pnctk. oT M«dgi»fc by 
W. RM, M.D., l&^ofWTOod«wSi of W. PUt, 
Bail of ChsthuD, VoL IL Svo. iSf — Olcuitngi rnxn 



16*. — Stokrt Compute CiSiSet-ltakenf Guide, Itao. 
Si. ea. — tJennsny. Hungarr. snd Bohemia, «««ted In 
1637. by the Rev. G. H. ffl^K^iJo^J** »™- 
The (AuKh Caleodar fMl839. poA flro. *«-r-?ii^ 
Hoof* Bxpoiitlon of the flnt Chanter^Omedfc Ito* 
4,.-the rftaMwrr of the vSa f^SSSL^i^ 
Phyriokvy of Man evfc lifJUv. «• S««{«^«5<«- 
dau^of Hibiai's ChuiA HWory @.,voIb.), Vol. I. 
8*01 IBi^IUuaorattoM of CutamDoi IH— iw, by R. 
WiW MJX. FMC I. Mo. •e.-Petsr PMgrt", by Dr. 
BM,9«akbpastST0.1S*>~«taBlayt or, the RecoUccttoiu 

Story of tbt Goth, 2 vok. Umo. 
a RdnnM of tbe Days of cWUs IL, by J. P. J^wedy. 
3 vok. poa 8«o. »4«. - CbriitlM Daetrtoeairf Duty. W 
J H'DouUdi Itaio. S«.fld.—KmmniadieT^St. John the 
BnngelUt, I«mo. »».- Sacred Poem, Seeo^ Serte, 
Stoo. 3». half-bd.-Sen»oni. tiy the Rev. C. RawUogi, 
toAb.— Ubof Dr. WauA.byHaysnd Belfrage. new 

KiaftCtOim), Ifcno. Be. l£ 



KBTBOROI^oaiaAL J0UBNAXi,lSS8 



Baremttfr. 
39*S5 to »«T 
»07 .. 
30-11 •• 30-lS 

ae« •. 3iH» 



Decwmbir. Tk«r>iuiaM'«r 

Thunday.'S? Prom 31 to 40 

rrlday ... M •••• fi •• « 

Ssturday .-80 « ■• £ 

Sunday. ...30 .... « « 

Monday -31 « •• « 

JoMury. 183* „ 

Tuesday I •••• g " " 

WadncMlay 8 •"• «0 » « 

thTntb, ittb. and 3ta ulL. pnsnny dondy 
wUb fMquent niB. 
Rata &llen, -477s of aa iscb. 
xammiaa. CMAaLSS HHar Adams. 

LsUtud*...-51>sr3a"N. 
Longitude 3 SI W. of Greenwich. 



304S 



MfO 

a-96 



LIST or HEW BOOKI. 
Hlitarv (^DauDStk. Swedai, snd Norway, XetS.k. 
D<u£^, VoL I. (fonnlng VoL CX of the " CaWnel Cycto- 
pcdia,") f.tap. evo. 61— Holyday Houm: « 
^Uek In iuw C. Sindair, 19mo. b. M-TaUet fi^ eal- 
nS^R ChsiiM on the PuWui In Poor Law Unkn*. 
tavrTpOiriA^ 10^-A Prfcwi Caulogue of Londoa 
SU^ttnbTwii Slwet, U-On Gnaulat DefmnttM 



TO ooBJkUBOwsairTa. 

Ws have recri*ed the foOowiBg ktler so Iste, fliat wv 
iniert It without bdng awna If It need a conuMBt or 

note ftora JM. L. O. 

Sir,— At the citm of your tecood notice (Dec. asdl of the 
Memoln of Charte* Mathew*." you have, fWm lome 
e«tfaoidln«ry mkrepteaaitaUoo, been tod Into • iWe- 
nwnt In rebrwiee to my buiband-i bond with Mr. 
Arnold, wbldi I contldeimywUbound to oonect. Vou 
My. when reverting to the tenne ofMi enoMinent. that 

not»ew6«d.ftrM«ii«rtaiwit»»f tofcelrtat- TolWa 
I haTB rtmply to reply, that no dauye whalncr In my 
fkraur. cw ta idatkm to Mrndf, , uid. on tto 

conuary, thii very fact ftmned the bads of Mr. UaUiew^i 
■nteeaueiit dbMtubctioa and dlstrtw of mind, when he 
fkh his balth llUy to be wrtoiuly j^bcted by the exc» 
live labour of hli undaitaklng. The absence of any 
provtekm for hU Cunlly, to the probaWe event of hl» pte- 
natur* dMth. was the prlndpal ouM of Ml msnt^ luhr- 
SSririhidi led tTSe oeo-riiy of an«aHog the 
(SrinalboDdt bat nor, at you tafer, to tbe advantage of 
MlgiwI partictpatUn in Ae prrfit* *Mag tma Mt own 

I am nue, *lr, you wtu pmmptlj, a« Wn«y, recUg a 
mkUtament calciOatttl lo ralae a Mae ettlnaU of Mr. 
Hathewi^i fceUn* and cooduct on tbe T!*??^ 
In pUdnii mytrif befoR the public, I was papsrad to btnd 
in lUent lubmlMion lo ewj opMen/ not whewjta* 
IhowewunlntenttonallyJaramtoeWMieBtrtovpmert)^^ 
iu>d mv huiband-i memory aActcd In the umm mot* 
degrw,'! mav be paidooed for teang, peiliapa morbidly, 

'^J^^i^^SA obwrvatto^ln iUjuion to the 
variovs public crilliiues ouotcd ftom in Uie raune of 
tbs "Memoln,'' I bH to nkt you to paget 183 and 4 of the 
Mcond volume t whetdn I have given ny rcaaotti for eudi 
quoUtioM, and at the mme Bme explained that the 
Original notkw were part of a large collertloo roaned 
(t^rlnv fttuhBKf* d«ft tor my own gratiflcailon, and 
lont befora 1 had an idee of puUUilnR : lo that the 
wo^BCK Tou Imputed to bin In atiachtog conwqueacc 
to luch authoritfce (not half ^Aoae in qjnjtlon. 1 am 
tun, ever net hU are), murt to Junlce betmig »olely to 
miitt^l am. Sir, ic. Aim Mathmwo. 

» MMaer* Plaet, Bnn^im. 

AS we do not thfaik that Sir F. (Aanttey e»« denied 
Mb oUtaadna to Mi. Stothard for the drawtog (dnign) oT 
K dO^M^ wwb In Lltchaeld C«'»»«^i;^^»^ ™ 
l^a£^W^«tMr BobcTtStothard-s pniof ofthe bet. 



14 



ADTEKTlSEMBHTa, 

CennnUd wUh Ltttraturg an>l tht ArU. 
iriNO-S COLLEGE, London; _SBiiiw 

GLOBE INSURANCE. PALL MALL 

KfUbllfbtd IMS. 

FIRB AND Ll« INBVKANca, ANA AWtmnM. 
Capiui, Ox Mailaa Sitriiag. 

|0fOr|tHDrih.iie,Trii, 
Id lb* C«ini^ i/mMm, Md pf iftr L„r. p«,-i 



THE LIT ERARY GAZETTE, AND 



THfi 8"p5kWl^rTllV»r No. L, 

Wfi-r I I u j ' '"■t>'iB£Bi«n«rt-Th.a«rii iiMindi, 
1', [; 7 r "jn-lJjMlh. Ih( iUrUwlalil,., fct -Tfci 

Walw t-lli'-urfeiW-UMiin^.f T.ri«,«ri „ ' " 

""">«*. BdinbuTtl. I Juhi, r»ii,Lnm . [i^^^T 




7>J HAILES, Book«ner, 49 Jermyn Street, 



lUuMM artbtli 



OVB'S KXcflANO^l Tile 

/-2'S„?"»°^- 3 By p. R. 
UwiwuwOnwi,«adC>. 




mL«. i.-iiriiri?!?..''.." pitblUliln« bulnnw 

'IdLi"'!^" *" -Kh -"J »oA thn BUT Mm- 



, .^'iif: MACLEAN (L E. L). 



MUSIC 
IHB MUSICAL LIBKARV 



..nS^Z^.v*', ^'"''^ C«n«m«*, tMmther wfth 



ltfOORE'8 LALLA AOOKH 



Br »■ A. DUNHAM, 

Rltttnr of SpRfn and FtaltWHL 

Hutory of tha Germanic Empire. 
History of Poland. 

aw .t. ' »ol-*»- eloih Iciwrad. 

HUtory of Europe diirinR the lUlddIa Agea. 



o- Ti..«i.riii*,2*.'!2.'V'"l?»* WORK ~ 

npHE BOY'S COUNTRY BOOKi bein» 



^t;:** 'o-«« wa bnua smu. 



N^^uffi^* PUBLISHED BY MB. 
The State In iu B^ion with th« Chmdi. 

_ ir. 
Correipmideooe of the Oraat Chathun. 

_ Vol. n, aio. \u. 

Tab* MnplMtd ba 4 mU. 

The Art of Deer-StaUciiw. 
„ wim™ Henp.. B». r.L.ir 

a^aiBoa-ar-b. 
The LifiB of Urd Anson. 

Tb« Clrnmanimur oriWGIak*. 
V. 

Praoda'a Reijifn of Terrorj 

Tba Mnml to ~ Lottm da Pmnu.- 
Port an. t<h.U. 
vr. 



Letten on Pansnar. 



A M iUUm. fl Mb. pM en. IU. 

4« VII. 

EumenU of the Patholwy of the Homan 
Mind. 

„ »m. ' 
Hiitory of EogUnd. 
VtM ItePNM M Vtowhi w III* pMM aT Alcla-ChiMU*. 

Tb* ntlti h4 laM VMmm. 

The PrograM aad'Irewnt Podtioo of 
RuhU in the Eut. 

Ma Mamrt AJktnMtHtMM. 



UOOKH IN THE PRESS. 



BOOKS PUBLISHED THIS DAY 

T«C£^s.S&«v t?srssb «.d 




T^HE BRITISH CRITIC ana 

X QUARTERLT THBOLOUIOAT. KBVIBW. 
B«|m.— Tb« Brlilth AMBitallM tor U>« 'iI-iiimi.i 

udAthmiu XdMaUm-NailtM at Hn ThMloitUial WMtaT 
PHBM ito/., O, r. Rivlnctai, Bl. rw'o akic^HMk 
M«WUMtaBPlKa.talllUU. 

"'i i'-^''*"""*''''' COKTINOATIOIt OF KILNKa. 



fl(_lli. HBNIIT STSBBINU, M,A. 



T. C*MI, BiraBd, 



wiiuiB a-'iZM VriJ^'' 



•f-.U:.nrir.M.i, 



«>"WM( A** V 
111 the "rrlMiwIrali 
cMMtM ahli Ok* 



''LVSTRATniNiT ..r^^cirrANfiobs 

„ ^ HjKrinEar vi ]:u.ia, u.o. 



JOURNAL OP THE BELLEI3 LETTRES. 



16 



nw Qi;AiiTKiti,r mamiink. 

Om tb* !■( mtJmmmj, 

THE ISIS; New Qufrterlr Magaslos. 
N*. 1. canUlHi »iBDii| ollxr AiilolM. — 
1. VbuanMr Tva UBlnni-i T. Iton Uharoh Prapwt; ba- 

■iMdalw' laa(tD ihaXUi* ? 

n, ViBMal MH| or. Ika Ad* C TM AUmlBii Dnocru; 
■■■I WW at Ml UMw4)m., t. Nnnll** af ■ JoatiMj 



4UM 

Fmbi. Bi1I._ 
^ nw FriM Dmi» 

•L in* !4lmi iBdaali 



tliiM«h ihiLavMHtan In 

tnr> BfBCwriiM 

W.lk.Prtral 

II. Vha CirriOT PlMni; > 
lit. Tlu AiiyoiaUMal. 



Suadan aad 0U«, PaUle Ubrarj, Cwidslt BirtM. Agmu 
fbrlt*lud,J.CuBiMiw.l>iAI|ai ht VmiUX, Bell ami Bnd- 
fiU>,Edlah«^i ■■ifBillli iiiilHiia. riiiyi 



a^HE BRITISH and FOREIGN RE. 
VIBW,Nb.XV. CanWBU— 
I. Eailj Frofrw afPipal Fawn, 
fl. KaDiMtiaiHlSacId) tndl. Ptwribiirci 
a. Lui(iuc( and LlMniuraaf tht lloiiMM. 
«. TbiABKrUnCDionHcUlTnilr. 

». Mn.J>in(MB-|"WlDltrSiiiiUMand RBatblM." 

ThaBuiIndiaCampuTUMtUHNalUaPrUiowirinUa. 
7, Imprsinntataf lialaBd— Canaliaod fUUra^. 
a. TbaCuwdu. 

&. Md J. B. Tartar, HM Um Caul. riMI SIMM. 



n^UE GENTLEMAN'S' AIAOAZINS fbr 

X JaaaUT, brtnc tb* Rnt Nutabar a( a a** VoIiib*. In 
puBllHaal M W»aJ>iitu»Wnit ^ i up jpj <rf 



•(Maia M« wNk cfthi UfMlUpaKiDH ! ttnari and Cimmaad- 
*Dea, aad atttlBal Uiatar; «.ad Hitidrl-rtt Uucumfnii: tUu»- 
apaeU>a Rariaai lUnra «r PabHwLlanii llwnn la- 
talHcaaat, tad PramdiAm I.>atnad SaeljiLfi; Aniuuariaa 
fUaauehnjaHUUrtfalCMoilil*; auJ a lur iei'idhi OltLMtn, 
mnpfulatBtofTapli^eal Mrma^ri atan dHrunt ^. 

raUTkabl* ta ihfJr nitii^rj «r maiiii. ISi,b 
•nMllihad vltk ■ Plata, gtmi^Mh «f aaaa anaaMthad 
af Aaalaal AtahluaMia. «Bd vltb acoaataaal Waodeat*. 
rabUihid kf W. FtatarlBi, Ch^tear; Laa*. 



P-aap »T«. ctath Murad.rric* U . td adlUan, vllh addltUoal 

S InlbrniailaB, aad a eelaWMd Uto fT Om Calamj, 
OUTH AUSTRaUIA in 1837-8. 
^■OBBBT (M>US>R.Kh. 



Bw«V art Mia, OMakarAaMt. 



M 



_ No* i«adi, 

R. LODGE'S PEERAGE 

f- llba Saraath BdlUaal.conaatad Uiha data afaaUioa 

M^i addlUaaa .1^ ahmtlaai nuf ka wlih (fc* iraatM 

■•A voab whlahcarraauailanart oftomarverbi. Itii tlw 
■vaaanlaM *U hatald— «a had atnaat uU b| Unh.bal nrulali 

It If a Moai aarfal aabUcatlaa.-^ niw. 
Haaadan and Oil»,. tahllt Ubraij, Condalt Siraat. 



BISHOP JKKEUr TAYLOB* WORKS, BDITED 
nr THlt KKV. W. H. lULB. 

T. !■ anall pica tt. M. In «Mli and lauarad, 
HE RUIiE Mi EXERCISES of AOLY 
LIVING and DYINO. 

t ^ %rJ^ "BMnr tatlob, ]>.d. 

LanI Bub op of Dava, aad Oaaaaa, and UrwaM. 

- ■ « »■ May William tfALgJALK. ma. 

Cfcaplala w iha Laad Biabop .f Londw. ' 
II. 

■•NaaliVta.istoada.M.kioiaaaadlMiarad, 

III. 

ladio. piieaK.laboardi, 

The Sick Man'i Guide toActt ofPatieiwe, 

f.^ ChwtmM d fapaa ttiita; Maihar T»o than Kur. 

rilBMbj.a.,andP. RI*lB«laiuEt.PaufiCbatahjaid, 
aad Walarlao Plaea. Pall Mall. 



S OUTER'S Iinpimed and Enlannd Bditlonii 
•rtth IttlaclOUaabfanvMaach. 
I. On thaHlilarj arfaMUnd— >, Oa ih* UaojitapbTorBaclaBd 
■Bd WalM— S. HIitDif af If*taod~4. Uai>(ra|ilij mt Irtland— a. 
HltMi; af Baailaad— a- QaoBiavbT sf (IcaUaad— T. UIMori af 
Pranca— 8. Orof n^bj of Pwaa— ». Blalarj oTUmca— 10. An- 
(Iqnltla* af Unaca — it. Hlttor; af Roaaa— II. ABtiqalHai oC 
Haw— 11. Kamwl HUiarj— U. Ualfanai Hlataa}— 14. Oaaarai 
UaacTipbT — Id. JaoUh AaUsaltlaa— IT. Claiilral Sionaph*— 
la. Ait»ssmf~iB. Bouni— 10. Briilib CaaaUlaUoB— 11. Baa- 
llth UmoBar— n. Praaeh Uranimai — N. Iialtaa UraaiatBi — 
M. 0*atal Ktii>«MI|n--«. CawnUm-W Ma«e-«T. Ibrtto- 

ISKiSiT^p-S.-'Mir^- *U..'«*i-«-T'B- 

raklWMd tf J. SaaMT.Sehaal Uha^, m riM imat. 



THE LIFE. TIU ES. ud CHARACTER. 

lfnriia,afJOinf ■UHVAV.AaAaaafTbaPUgMt 
„ ^ Bf lUWBBT PHUIP. 
a irla^d Paruait a^ Ylaaaiia. a raaafiua «( BMna^ 
Laadaa: UaattariMaa; aadalliaobShia. 



Yilk 



PaMhhad an Aa M af Jm. Ka. I. (to fet 



TilrtSJiTaTwIib ealli^VbitaLirunaair''^'' 
HE ANIMAL KIpfObOftT rf die 
. j?*""*.Ci^"*'l'«"'»'it«>"*adaM»dlotb.pw»ol 

S"" B«"band, Cnnitc, I>Y>rU(iiT, Edvardt.Oarf- 

fc. MHjl,., Ullpl,, Hart, Hardebal, Wluchmaaa. OadBt, 

"•aw, A. WUaaa, kci fca. 
SaldbaibaPiapnaur.at it "T"lrm TitlobaMlii aad 

bySalllh.Bldir, andCa-asCnnblll. 



mVBNIUI CLAHS-BOOKU. 
Pablltbad at tha HehMl Llbrari, 131 Plaat Bluat. 

S OUTER'S Pn^naiTB Primer ia SpelUnir 
aDdRaadlna. U. ^ * 

2. Souter'tProgreuIveSpellirig-Book, l«.6(i, 

3. Sooter'i Procrewirfl Fint Sehoai oimiat, 

4. Boater's Swxmd Sdtool Reader, ii.fid. 

. „ „ A1ai,krA> Bar. T. Clark, 

1. The En^ih Primer, with 200 Enmr- 

3. The EnKlish Slother'i Catechigm, with 

100 EacrailBii. W. 

5. The NatifMJAl Spellhig^, !«. 6d. 

4. TlM NBCtonBt Reader, with IW Engmt- 

ftp. IfcW. * 



M 



A. BENTLEY haa jiut pubUM 

tkaMtaalaBKBtr WOHKS;— ^ 



R(A»oftheB0irlt 

A B aaiwaa of Ika Dqa of OhwiMlI. 
By J. P. Kwnadr, b^. 
• ■ola-rauiae. ftlmau. 

A N»w aaa 4vaMr adWaa of 

Dr. BllUingen'a C^ositiea of Hedlttl 
EzMrienee. 

BCTlMd aMridtnMr HgaMatadk aaovMa la I IbM 
■*B.*al. ptIaaMk. 

III. 

The Widow bmabv. 

BrMra. Tnllara. 
a rola. paat l>» faUa Ma. 

IV. 

Memnin of Charlea Mathewa, Comedian. 

I lala-tTO. wIlbaaaatonacbaMaMtMla IllaMlattiBi, 

V. 

Waahington In^a^g " Aitorla," 

FW Wa ■hllllBH. 

_ BaanlaiVal'.ltaf 

BeBtler'a Standard Ltbmrv." 

ManidMf «Bk a PMaU afika AmIm. 

VI. 

Ineidenta of Travel in the Rualan and 
Tturkiih Eaipirea. 

BjJ.L. SiapboBi, Km. 
AalMt ar** l acldaa u ^ Tra*aJ la iha M Laala 

Bdoui,BniM.-aa. 

a *dla, aaU ato. pMoa U* 

vu. 

Sir E. L. Balver'a Last Dan of PoMaU,* 

_ F«nata|*aNa«VaEMWar 

Tha Standard Novels and Remancea. 

IhabMlltbad vHfe T«a BairaTlafd: 
ThafMlavkicNa* Werki ara Jot taadj ^— 
I. 

Sam Slidt'a BnbUea at Canada. 

l*al.Bto. ((h tha Mh UmUoI.) 
II. 

" How do You Lilte Our Coaotry r* 

Or, Aa Aataaai la AoMitea. 
Bf Charlaai. H*iha>i, Kh- 
i »•». tMi Wilk aanwroaa lilaHiatlnM 



TH] 
: 



NEW WORKN POR HBDICAL BTUUBNTS, Aa. 

P Printrd fat L<iii|[nun,Oini>, and Cs. 
RACTICAL and SURGICAL 
ANATOMY. 

Uj W. J. BHASHUti WILBON. 
Taaebar afPrae Ileal aad Sa^lsal Ax atom • aad Phftlolocl- 
1 tol. Itma. «lUiUBaaia<laaiHWaadbiBaaB. 
Prica lot. M. clath laNatad. 

ELEMENTS of MATERIA 

_ MEDICA; oornprabMHlloa lha Natural Hlitafj, Fiaaa. 
ratlaB,Pi_miahCaB*;al>la>i,aADta,and Uaoa orMradlelaah 
Pail L oaulMai*!! lb* (knarM Aedlaa and VlaMlOaallaa arMtdl. 

BfiaMlhaaPawlra, 
r.R.B. and L.8., LMturai la iba Hadieal Ihboal of tba Laadon 
HaaniUl.aadatttaAMMaaaiaSibaalafaiadMiw. aw.vith 
uparanUef IMBagradivion Waod. iDcludlOK Dlaframt ainta- 
nalerj ol Iba Procana* at Iba PharmaeopiBla. Prica tdi. claih 
Ml and. 

" Tha lactorn af Mr. Faraira bar* boan aeknavladgad, bf thoia 
•cqiulntnl Kith lha n^Jaal, la aaaiUiaU by fki (ba liaat auiborlij 
In tha Bnfliih lanffoaca In lalkranaa to tli* nataral bliton and 
ehamlMrj af Ifaa arilctaa la tba Materia Uadlca; wlilia, with 
riapact ta (halt nadlahial appllsatlani— a daparinnil In tti yrrj 
naiuia adolUlBf af ia^ paibeilaB — hailTat In a olaar and Insld 
Binnar lit [hat hu bean aalUfuloril; Bada aol-' — MidlraJ 
OaiMli. 

FLORA MEDICA; or, a Botanical Account 
if.il |^, Tpnn Rniiackahlt Planu apvUad to Madlell 
. -.i-Conslrla*. B> John Lindlai. 

1 ■ 

rtal Uonu m t.eortiin.nLl u In a itroni Haaaat to tht 
rahlir. Mvt, (UDii'ln wbleh wa alabt aaanaiat*. 
■ iwrrcuiltia ihu ii.* InTatilKatlan arnadleal plaala 
...ai ^J**^*" 19 *^ ""^ f « 1 1 ) qoallfiad to tba aiaaallan of 
•adia»llauiibi Noeni «i.l.f<^(tadap(adtafulHI ib* abjrct 
«tiah ha Kai iHoCrWcd (l»n lli I ■ndlafi and wa bat ■sBlldani 
IhH hli warh. irjii pbialn i^E i^nLi^iiaKowhleb lljiutly nnlia."— 

l'b« •CudrAi irlll tln.1 In [tr, l.lndlay'i vork all thai aan ha 
aauiad la « inailM an uwdiaal batani."— Htatn-^A jfidlMf 



Aaraal 



BvthaaaniaABthaa. 



^Hl^'l'r^.lff Barllaaan Uraat. 
FaUhfcw la anUnaiy u Mat M^tMf . 

Priaaaa. Ko,l.ir 
"PHE CHRISTIAN LIBRARY, to be con- 



KXY ta 6TRUCTUIIAL, PHYSIOLO. 
(ilCAL, aad BYSTEHATIC BOTANY. Fat tba 
QaaafDIaMa. atn.*t.*L 

THE PRINCIPLES of SURGERY, cou. 
lalnlac tba Dactrloa and Piaatlea ralallaf lo Inflini. 
nailoD and Iti rarloai ConaaqBtncaa i Tamenri, AnauTluni, 
Woandi, and tha Slaiai caaoaaiad with iham; Ih* Hurtlca) 



- ^ •* B^I> IM AppllaatiaB la tnjSrIat 

aaa^aculaa*. BWahaBarat. M.D. F.Ks. BatlaaPnabMr 
BfllMeMiialkaUaiaanlijarOlaifaw, t roll. Bro. pika att. 
baatoa. 

T__ Bf Ih* lama Aoihor, 

HE PRINCIPLES of MIDWIFERY; 
Inahaina tb* Dlataaai of Woman and titalldrta. tn. 
Stb adlllon, mj (laatlj enlarfad, prlca Idr. baardi. 

■s* Tb* «D*ndailMit In ihli adltlaa ara naaMTMi, and lh« 
addlllMii »land id aaoilir nnj iiaaaa. 

A DICTIONARY of PRACTICAL ME- 
DICINB. Bf J.CoplaBd.M.D.F.Il.S.Ae. 
Parti I. to V. 
Patt VI. Ii la tha pmi. 



ROMAN BBBVIA&Y- 
Bj an asma ladall fton «• Bali Kaai lha aalr BdlUon artr 
prialod tm_ BagUod. I* « *oU. atwo. it. idi.i at bound in 
i wa r ta. with flu laaiai. t/, lea. t noracea ailra, 81. lat. 

BREVIARIUM ROMANUM, ex Decreto 
H. fl. Coadlll TrManl. natllalam, Ac. : rali lacli Iniai- 

PltbaMoUa aaoaiornn Analla. Pnrnlua anpatloruoi adldil 
C. Baaaabatb, Kiu- Apwt. 
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THE LITERARY GAZETTE; 

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LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 12, 1839. 



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£aq. Lu-ga 9fo^0i^ 436. London* 1839. 

Murray. , ' ' 
Uapp.t the man who ia eompatent to rerien; 
thia volume ; for he moat liave aeen and en. 
joyed amne of the thlnga ofwUdi It «ve< ao 
Tlvld. a dflicriptioD ; he niuft have lospired 
the'lnvlgoratiag breath of the Highland hilb ; 
he moat hava looked around oo the glo. 
rious and erer-rarying proiipecta which tiioy 
present ; he miut liare felt hia limbs atreogtb' 
eoing day after day, and tha languors Af the 
atHtth or the cqriw finnad to yield to the 
btaeiog and e»rd» of the nioont^Da; he 
sunt rnro become familiar with the whirr of 
tha grouae, the haunta of tha blickcock, the 
BtnH^qiHngofthe Alpine hare, and the bare 
aummit aaat of the ptarmigan ; he nuat 
have climbed the higbeit tteep where the eagle 
aoared, and where aolid oceani of gneiss, por- 
pbyvy, or granite saluted liis eye on erery side, 
a« far aa. hia hortum ranged ; be muat have 
witnenad the gentle roe wsp, startled from ita 
eoucb, and the red deer rush like an avalanche 
through the rocky paas; he must have par- 
takei^ of the hospitality of these regitniB, where 
thift native heart is a contrast to tlie atony aoil, 
ao^ from the peasant to the peer* the atranger 
ia neleomad with the beat thd boothy eaa af. 
foi4* and the utnoat enjoymenta whidi the 
cattkd abode of refined taatea, oolUvated minda, 
and noble fortunes, can supply. 

Henoe health' of body and vigour of mind 
health before which Bihin, the giant, might 
quail, and vigour enough to ausuin the Pre- 
mier (hcoi^ all the twla of the approaching 
aasslon. We fear the uoUe lord bad no oppor- 
tunity to lay it in ; but be may, poaalbly, have 
a pwtioD of it near hia offidal hand, at leaat if 
we can depend on the sporting aocounta of the 
laat aeason in the north. 

But why ahoald we endeavour to imitate the 
atyk) in which Mr. Scrope haa clothed bis 
living alcatdies; lie apeaks of his ezparienoe as 
of past years, but he frritea of them as freshly 
aad passionately aa if they were of yesterday-. 
aa if he had just returned from the chase, and 
was reoouDting its trophies over the first cirde 
of claret in lodge or hall. Let Uf, therefore, 
turn to him. 

* Shall (he h^ins) a poaehing, bunting, 
hawking *«qnire, presume to trespass on the 
fields of literature ?' Theae words, or others 
of aimilar import, I remember to have encoun- 
tered in one of our moat distinguished reviews. 
They ring atill in my ears, and fill me with 
apprehension as it is ; but they would alarm 
me much more if I had attempted to put my 
foot vlUiin the sacred eaobiaures alliwed to. 
TlMse are too full of sprhig-trapt for my am. 
bitimi, and I see *thls is to give notice* tvritten 
in very legible characters, and take warning 
aooocdlnj^y. Literature ! —Heaven help us !~ 
far from it ; I have no such presumption ; I 
have merely attempted to describe a very in> 
tcresting pursuit aa nearly as possible in the 
etyle aod ^rit in whielt I have always fcea it 
carried on. Ten years* successful practice in 
Uic forest cd* Atholl have enabled me to enter 
tato all liu detub that art oraMCtaA with 



deer-stalklng. That It is a chase wUch throws 
all our other field-sports far in the badcground, 
aod, indeed, makes them i^pear wholly tnsig- 
ulficant, no one, who haa been initiated in it, 
will attempt to deny. The beautiful motions 
of the deer, bis picturesque and noble appear- 
ance, hia aagadty, and the skilful genetalibip 
whidi can alone ensure success in the pursuit 
of him, ke^ the mind in a constant state of 
pleasurable excitement. • • • 

" I have attempted also to illustrate all the 
essential points that occur in stalking deer, 
both ia liow and quick tim^ and to describe 
all the various turns and accidents of the chase 
drawn from actual experienoe. This, 1 thought, 
could be beat done by the recital (^moderate 
aport, since a loi^ catalogue of deer, killed in 



those wbldi are nuasiiig are diaposed of in diia 
way; they rather seem to be thus eaten from 
wantoimess and caprice, and I am not able to 
account satisfactorily for their disappearance. 
The new boms whicli deer acquire annually 
are covered with a thick sort of leaden-coloured 
skin, which remains on theju till the deer are 
in good condition: It (lien begins to fall off, 
and, for a short space, liangs in shreds, ragged 
and broken ; but they remove it as quickly at 
they can, by raking their antlers in the roots of 
the heather, or in such branches of shniba as 
they can find adapted to the purpose. When 
they have shaken off this ddo, which ia called 
the vdvet, and which diaaniMrs in the months 
of August Mid Septemlier, tney are said to have 
clean liorns ; and, aa these deer are in the best 



succession on the same day, unaccompanied by : condition, they are the particular object of the 
some striking or unusual incident, would only I sportsman." 

be a tedious repetition of events slmiUr to each | From this subject we ma^ naturally pasa to 
other. In practice, however, I did my best, as I the amotirs of these noble animals, 
fine venison waa always in request. If m^ \ " This is a very wild and picturesque season, 
success was occasionally very eoosiderahle, it | The harts are heard roaring all over the forest, 
must be recollected that the deer were nume-iaud are engaged In savage conflicts with each 
rous, and that I was assisted by clever scouts, 'other, which sometimes terminates faLally. 
The beiug my own stalker, also, waa an advan-l When a master hart has collected a numl^r of 
tage that long practice enabled me to profit j hinds, another vill endeavour t<> tt>ke tlium 
from: no one, I think, can make the best ofjfrom him : they fight, till one of them, feeliuf; 
events when hia movements are onntrolled by t himself wonted, will run in circles round the 
others, and are a mjnitery to himself.** I hinds, being nnwiUing to leave themt tlie 

This is most tme, and there is nothing like | other pursues t and, wliea he touches the fu- 
Independence in ^e sports of the field aa in the gitive with the pt^nu of his bonis, the antmnl, 
buaineu of life. Many a fair eluuiee Is stopped j thus gored, either bounds suddenly on one side, 
or missed through the want of It. i and then turns and faces him, or will dash off 

In the earlier chapten, the natural history [ to the right or the left, and at ouce give up tbe 
aad habits of the red deer are described in an, contest. The cuuflict, however, generally con- 
agreeable manner ; and we ^ok out a few of . tiuues a considerable time; and nothing can be 
the moqt curious particulari. Tbe question of more entertaiuing than to witness, aa I have 
homa will be read with intereat eveu by iuha-'often done, the varied success and address of 
bitants of London, who, notwithstanding steam- - the combatants. It is a sort of wild just, in the 
ers, have never seen the sparkling isles and presence of the dames who, as of old, bestowed 
purple heaths of Scotia. I their favours ou the most valiaut. Some- 

" Tbe sliedduig of -the honu continues till time* it is a combat a rouiranee, but it often 
the beginning of June; but dear of a year old itermiimtea with the effect of the hornofAatolfo. 
will carry then till August or September ; j In solitary eucounlers, there beiug no hinds to 
these new horns are very aenuUve, and the , take the alarm, tbe harts are so occupied, and 
harts at this time avoid bringing them into 'possessed witlt such fury, that they may be 
collision with any substance. M'hen they {Occasionally approached in a manner that it 
fight, they rear . themselves upon their hind would be vain to attempt at aujr other time, 
legs, and spar with their fore feet, keeping 



back their heads. They carry tlieir horns just 
as long as tbe bind carries her fawn, which is 



From the summit of a mountain, in Atholl 
forest, I once saw two baru In fierce eon. 
tentimi, in a mouy part lower down the bill. 



eight mouths. They are not always shed at I came Into al^t at once, not expecting to see 
the same time, but one of them occasionally 'deer in the situation in which theiie huppened 
drops a day or two after the otlier. I myself I to be. I could ueitlier advance straight for. 
have seldom found any other than single horns ; ward nor retreat witliout danger of giving tlie 
in the musses of the forest. It ia a remarkable alarm. One possibility alone was open to me ; 
fact,however,that tbeuumber wliicharepicked ! this was t» get into the gUiu to tlieir right, 
up in any forest bears no proportion to those when I abould be entirely hidden from their 
which are ahed ; and this eanuot arise from view, and then come up, concealed bv the hill, 
tlieir being overlooked, for they are a valuable as nearly o|tposite to them as poasible. I was 
perquisite to the keepers, and there is no part 'certainly a very considerable distance to the 
of the forest that is not traversed by them in north of them, but my poaition was so bad that 
the course of the season. What, then, becomes I looked upon my clunce as n mere nothing, 
of them P Hinds have been seen to eat them : , I lay down, however, flat on my back, among 
one will conaume a part, and, when she dnnts the rugged and loose stones of Cairn-marnac, 
it, it will lie taken up and gnawed by the 1 with a rifle in my hand; Thomas Jamieaon, 
oUiers. Tbe late Duke of Atboll, indeed, onoe ; with the other rifles, ^aoed himself behind me 
found a dead hind which had been choked by ii in the same iincomrnrtable ptmitiiin. We bad 
part of the liom, that remained sticking in its a full view of llie deer for somv time, m) Oint 
throat. It ie net, however, credible that alt j with their ordinwv vf2ilauc«jtlMrl<i|<jtdd uu.* 



18 



THE LITBaARY AND 



doubtedljr luTe nan tw ; tbe uoimb, howevM-, 
formed ao uneven ontline, wbich ym» in our 
favour, aai tiius wb 4td mH •hukiMly attraM 
their ttMfoe. WfaHat the sta^ wm fiemly 
engaged, we vorJcad our wajr down on our 
backj, lookuy Mkanoe : wben they ratted fm 
a Hptcfl, aad aomalunea they wndd 4it ao on 
their kneet, from mere exhauRtion, «e moved 
not a ltiid> ; and fo thta manner we wormed 
ourae^vei gradually lato tlie glen, net widioot 
Mrtain unco mf ar W bfa bruiMe. Then, being 
oator«ght,wft»imgMp,md made tfie beat 
of our way to w point Immediately below 
tiien ; aiu Moving cautioualy tip the hill, 
which wM nfflcieuUyvteep for onr parpoae, we 
dune all at onoe in full view of one of the 
eDinbaMata,«lio wat tfam alone ; he^rang off 
at AiU apeed, but all too late for ht> woape, for 
my ball ttruA him <bad on tbe ipot. Hie 
antagoniat, I bnai^ne, had bwn baaten of- I 
ei^ected to have IdHed Ann both. A conflict 
of diia lavage nature, wliieh happened In one 
of die Duke of Ootdon'ii ftweeta, waa Ibtal to 
botli of the onmbataaM. Two large harts, after 
a fortoui and deadly thmst, bad entangled their 
h<mu so firmly U^Aer that they were inex< 
tricatde, and the victor remained with Ae 
vaoqnishad. In thia aitoaticm tbejr wan 
diaourered by llie foieeter, who Ulled tlie 
survivm*, wbilit be waa yet atrnggUng to 
rrieaae falneatf from Ma dead antagoniat. The 
horuB remain M Oerdon Castte, itlll locked 
together as thmr wen Ibuud. Mesentlui him- 
•elf never «ttM»ed the dead bedf to tbe living 
one In a fimar muiaer." 

Tbe care of thilr yotutg ia netnTsl and 
iotereating:-^ 

** The period of geatadoD In a hind ia eight 
mcHithf. Stie dropt her fawn In high heather, 
where ahe leavea It oDooealed. the wfatde of the 
day, and returns to It 1^ in the evening, when 
•be ik|^«benda no dbtnrbanoe. She makes it 
lie down by a praasuve of her note ; and it will 
never stir or lift up Its bead tbe whole of the 
day, unlesa you come right upon it, as I have 
often done. It lies like a dofi, witli ita noae to 
iu tail. The bind, however, atthoiigfa she 
separatee herself from the yonng fawn, dees not 
Imo sight of its welfare, but remains at a dis- 
tance to the windward, and goes to its snccour 
in case nf an attadt of the wild cat, or lbs, or 
any other powarfnl vermin. I ham heard Mr. 
John Creier aay, and it Is doubtleaa true, diat 
ifyou find ayonng fawn that has never followed 
its dam, and take it np and rub its back, and put 
your fingers in Ita noaiii, it will follow yon 
bMneforaeveral miles; butifltbaacmoefollowed 
iu dam for erer ao amall a apaee before you 
find it, It will never fullew hnmu being. 
Whoi Miee cwgfat, these fawns or ealvea are 
•aally made tame ; and there were generally a few 
broDgh t up every year by tbe dai ry-maidat Blalr. 
I speak of binds only ; stags soon turn vldoua 
and unmanageaUe. When the calf la old 
enough to keep up wlA a herd of deer, and to 
take pretty good care of Itself, Ita moUier takee 
it off, and leads it into ground titat can be 
travelled, wlttunit diflkulty, avoiding predpi- 
sous and rocky places. • • • 

" Deer, except In certain eralmrraesed altna- 
tiona, dwaya run up wind ; and so strongly la 
dils inatinct implanted in them, that if yon 
catch a odtf, be it ever an yonng, and turn H 
down wind. It will immediately face round and 
gu in the opposite direction. Thtis tbey go 
forward over hiH^tops and unexplored ground 
iu perfect seourltv, for tbey can smell the taint 
in tlie air at an almoat incredible distance. On 
this account they are fond of lying in open 
au-riei, where tbe ewelb of winds oome. 



occasionally from aH ^narters. I have said 
that deer go up wind ; hut, by clever manage- 
Bieat, end emjJuying aaen to give them tlwir 
w&ad {tlieaa men being caacealad from liMir 
view), they may In driven down it ; and in 
certain caaea they may easily he aent, by a side 
wind, towaWla tliat part of tike foreat wblcb 
they consider aa their sanctuary. It is 
to be noted, that on the htH-tlde tb» largest 
harts lie at the bottom ef the panri, and tbe 
smaller above ; indeed these flne ftMows 
seem to think theaurives pr l vitaged to enjoy 
their cnae, and impose the duty nf keeping 
gaard npmi tlie hinda and upon their jnniers. 
In tbe perfbrmKOce of thia taak the hinds are 
always the moat vigilant, and when deer are 
driven tbey almoat always take the lead. 
When, however, tbe herd is strongly beset on 
all sides, uid great boldness and deetrion are 
required, yon shall see the master hart oome 
Curward ennrageowly, Hke a greet leader aa be 
hi and, with Ma eaitftding band, foree Ua wi^ 
throngh alt obatadea. Ia ordinary cnaea, how. 
ever, lie Is of a most -nngaUant and eeMah dis- 
position t for, when he*i|ifrehends danger from 
the rifle, he wiR ndte away the hinds with his 
horns, and get in tbe nddst of tiiem, keeping 
Ua anUan aa low ai posatbla. There ia no 
aahnd nore aliy or lelttary by natnie than tte 
red deer. He takea the neie of alarm fmm 
every living tiling on tbe moor, — e eam to 
be his aentinels. The sadden start of any 
animal, the qiringlng of a rooor-fowl, the eora- 
plaining note of a plover, or of die smalleat 
bird in dittnas, will aet Mm off in an iaetant. 
He la alwaya moat timid iriten he deea not aea 
bh adversary, for then be awepe e ta an amfansh. 
If, on the contrary, he has Mm AiU in view, he 
is aa cool and dronmspeet aa possiUe ; he tbm 
watches him most aonttdy, endeaveara to dis- 
cover Ills intention, and takes the beat possible 
method to defeat it. In this caao he is never 
in a hurry or confused, bat repeatedly stops 
and watches his disturber^ moUons t and when 
at length he does take Us measnre, it Is a moat 
decisive one : a whole herd will eometimea 
force their way at the very point where the 
drivers are the moit nutnerous, and where 
there are no rifles ; lo that I have aeen die 
hill-men fling their sticks at them, while tiMy 
have raced away without a shot being fired." 

All Hr. Bcrope's aUtemenU of tiie bdilta of 
the deer resemble tiiose we have so briefly 
quoted t and so real that we seem to partake of 
Uie scenes he paints so truly. Storiea ofthepro- 
digious age of deer he appeara to think no bet- 
ter founded than many of die enperatldeaa 
legends whUh be alao rapeata from Hi^laad 
anthotitlait and no one who haa «ver mnned 
In the dnsk or darkuen, amid the lirawl of 
atreamai tbe faidileasness of bog, the strange 
forma of stone rode, and precipice, can doubt 
bitt that imagination must lay a potent wand 
apon the belief of s Highlands I 

And now (be aaya, In one of UtOmlanle 
pictures), what do yoa think at tUa wild 
rc^on ? Do yoti not almoat feel aa if you 
were wandering in a new world t Here, 
every thing t)ears the original Impress of nature, 
untouched by the hand of mui sinoe Its crea- 
tion. That vast moor spread out below ymi t 
diia mau of huge mountains heavtng up their 
crests around you ; and those peaJts in tlte 
distance faint almost as the sky itself, — give 
the aiqwarance of an extent boundless and sub- 
lime as the ocean. In such a place as this, the 
wild Indian might fancy himself on his own 
hunting grounds. Traverse all thia deeolate 
tract, and yon ahall find no dwelling, nor aheep, 
nor cow, nor bone, nor any thing thai unn 



ceinlu d yon of domeatic life ; yon ihall hear no 
sound hut the nisliiiig uf the torrent, or tbe 
notes of the wtU auinaals, the aatmal fnhabit- 
ank ; you sbaB lee only tlM bm(w-4owI and tbe 
plover flying before yon fmn hillock to hlUodc, 
or tlie Mgle soaring aloft with his eye to the 
snn, or Ms winp wet xrith mist." 
And the tenant of this scene : — 
Give me tbe glass ; I sea him plainly 
enough : he la shot through the tiody, rattier 
far beMnd, and eannot go far. Now one of the 
deer la HcUng his wound — now be begins to 
falter — now he turns aside and sends a wistful 
look after his eampaniena, wbb are fast leavi» 
him, happy and free as tbe air we breathe. He 
i« making another effort to regain them : poor 
CeUow 1 it may not l>e ; yon ahall never join 
them more. Never again dudl you roam with 
them over tbe gray mountains^ — never more 
brave die storm together— son youv red flanks 
in the eorrie — pr go panting down to your 
wQoied Mreana : *lirief haa been ^puur danutaf 
an the nwMT V ** 

Tbeae are from an EngUahraan ; a nnthe idea 
of Badenoch ia enmewhnt diffnent i Hst to the 
Oown.(ronib(bladtsni{di) of one ef its villagea. 

He was ta»d, but in a merry mood, with 
BMRy dagrterOBs feau af poadflng, and Mrtng 
Am doke's deer to the north, when dm wind 
served, wUch bo did not altog e ther deny. 
'W«M.' «dd Tortoiae, *take aame men whia. 
ky, and a ptndi ef snnff from my nmll ; bnt 
yen nmu not ated the dnke^s deer, mon.' 
< Honte.tonte I Y'ere a tron Saasnadi, an the 
Uke o^ j9 ehlela aye ea* llfdn etealin^, wbieh ft 
na loose Onfadan-Uke.' * WeH, wlM would 
yoti give for aneh bonny braea, and Urha, and 
aa an In tbe foreat of AdioU, If they 
eenld be transferred to yonr wild conntry ?' 
* And are there na bonny braea and birks in 
Badenodi? YVraJooat a* bad ea ear minister : 
but fat need the man ny mw tiling mair about 
the matter, fan I tell 'Im wat'TH prave, free 
hia ain Bible, ony day be Ukes, that tbe Uot- 
inor,aaweea' the gr«rt garden in Gaelic, einod 
la ita day joost far diemnir o* Bodenodi lys noo, 
as* fai nae fther place aneth the aun t is no there 
an island In tbe Loch Lhitme that beara the 
nameo' die Lieemor todilaUeesed day; fbn I 
tell yon that, an* that I hae aeen tbe iahmd 
myael, fa can dont my word ?* * But, Mao, die 
Bible mys tbe garden was planted eastward, In 
Eden.* * Heott ay; but thitt diami eay but 
the garden might be in Badenoch ) for E^en is 
a OsmIc word for a river, an' am shnm there's 
nae want o' them there ; an, aa for ita bein' 
o'er, that la, when Adam planted the Idoe. 
aier, he aat In a boMv bothan en a brae in 
Loekaber, an naa deot nikli eaet w ar to Bade- 
noch, an' eaw a' thing tprouttn* an growln' 
atween Im an the sun fan It cam ripplin o'er 
the braea free Athole in the braw simmer 
momiugs.* * Bnt, Mae, the BiUe fUrtber aays, 
they looklig-leavea and madethemedvetaproiu; 
yno cannot aay llurt flga aver grew In Badenoch .' 
' HouMonc 1 there*a naeMy can teQ fat grew 
In BadenofA 1* the days of the Ltoamer t an 
aldw* nae flga grow noo, there^s mony a bony 
/lajf rtms yet o'er the bniea o' both Badenoon 
and Lochaber. It was fiai*^ sklna, an no fig 
Uadea that they made olaee o'. Hag, I mann 
tell yon. Is Leobaber Oadfa far a deer M thia 
day ; a the aaM gad«mm wai geidng ble 
repreef fitr t^in* an apple frae llie guidwtfe, a' 
Urn beaatlea In Uesmor «mb i«on diem, an 
among the reat twa bonny raee ; an fan the 
gtideman said, * See how miserable we twa are 
leftt diere aundt a* the bennie beaadea weel 
cbrie in thrir aia hair, an* here tte stand abame. 
faeed and Bakit--awee^l9ta^the4wajWheard 
Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



19 



that, tbey lap oute tbeir skim, for rw-y lore 
to tbeir wff«riii maiater, aa ray true cImiiimii 
widdotothiedfty. Fan the guMmftn uvr thte, 
btdrev M fiag*a ddn oo tiaiiiMl*, an the 
tilber o'er tbs Kudewlfai noo, let me bdl ti» 
thee were ibe fim ktlto In the wmM.' * 
tUi account, Mao, our first paroita ipcAe 
OedKe.' ' An' fat ither bad tbey to tj^e, tell 
me P Onr miolater layi they apoke Hebrew i 
and fau Hebrew but Gmriio, toe warM o' Oaello, 
Ut elane Welsh OaeUc* * Well doee, Mae; 
ancean to you andyourOaeUcr *8uiN)Mto 
me an my aaaliol I teU ye that the HieUnd 
Society, or Gaelic Society, or a' tbe socletiet in 
the world, carina oti' agun my Oa^ 1 nm- tbe 
luune or oriflia o' the first draie worn by man, 
for— 

'Rraltwialnl caniit or tha Udy >p«n. 
In Bag^ iklni their hale net ru.' ' 

* Wewmldteqnire proof for thiijMac.* ^PrMf, 
rooa ■ disna your Bible aay, * eureed is the 
(irround for Adam's sake,* an that curse lies on 
Badenoelt an Lochaber to this day ; for if there 
be ia all Sco^and a mair blutit jMvertyustilckoB 
part than 'itber o* tbe twa, may Thonus Hao- 
na-Tolahacb's auld een never see il 1 an for the 
truth o' bt I'm sayinff, iu Joost as tme aa any 
story of tbe kind that's been tauM tfaiamsnya 
dayt lei them oontradio me fa can.* Tboa the 
Oowa*oromb's wit at leofftb fUrly got A* better 
of his patriotism." 

We must net onic ra example of the legend- 
ary lore* 

'* Tlie belief in ' spirits ef a limited power 
aad mbomUnata Batwe ' dwelliiV aaMdat woods 
and monntainB b, aa yon kimw, oomBUn to all 
nationa, and mare partionlarty m loofa as are of 
a wild rad romantifl rfianDter. Tbe lonely nan 
wbo joameya OTer the vast unlnhaiMted apace, 
feels himeelf almost nnoonnacted with human 
society ( and wb«n darkness fails open ibe moor, 
objaeta of dtibioua fbrm fawn aroud Urn and 
disturb bis jmaglaMion. Thus tradltiom of 
witchaa imd fairies are muneraos In the Ibraat ef 
Oawick ; oite at least I will fin ya«, as a spfr* 
s i min of tbeir obaiaotef. Uordoah, a noted 
deer-etalkor, went at aanriie Into tbe fevmt, and 
dfaooeeriag sasne deer at a distanee, he nalkfld 
titt be saaw pntty mar theaa^ bM not ^ntoe 
wilUnahoc On.laekliy orer a knoll he win 
astonished at seeing a nombar of little neat 
wemaa drassed in green, ia tbe aot ef miik^ 
thebinds. ntase he knew at ones to be fairies t 
(MM «f tbem had a hank of gi m m yam thrown 
ow IwahoiUdsn, a^ she Und she wm mitk^ 
ing mn4o« gmp at tbe yam with hsr aKHMh Hid 
fwaHewolk. Tbe fcritabie btsie fa^ track 
the Und with the bn«l with whUt Aa M tied 
its hind hgs» aayia; at ^ aame tiine, < Mnv n 
dait from Mnrdooh's ^vnr pierea yenr ttde 
bete* alghtl' for the fniriea, it seams, wm 
weU appriaad ef Mafdedi*»akiU iadear-kiUbif. 
In tbaawMeoftlMdayhekilledaUnd,andin 
taking out tbe aalrails he fennd tbe identkal 
ffreen hank Ant ho aaw Iho dear Bwattew In ike 
■Mvnlnff. Thie ka^ it b aald, waa ar ea arfod 
far a img period, as a tastimanyof tlwMenr>. 
renoB. Tbia wm net ew rieer italkar'soBly ad 
»entni» ; far npen a n sih e r oocasio o , in trams- 
lag the forest, he got witkbi shot ef a hind an 
tUhiUcnUed Ibe DoniM, and took aim i bnt 
whan aboot to fin, it woo tcaoifarmed Into n 
yenng wooaan l be fasmediately took down /Us 
gnn, and agaiu it heeaaaa a deer ; he look aim 
again, end anon it was a woman; baton lower- 
ing bis ziAs U beoMne a deer a esoaiid time. At 
length Lm fired, and Ae animal fell « the aotnai 
■baipe of a dear. Ne eeener bad he killed it 
titan he flaltorerpBwneed with sleqit and bar 
iag aeUed UmHtf In blaH>M, he laydown en 



tbe heather ; bis repose was of short duration, 
for in a few minutes a loud cry was thundersd 
in his ear, sayiog, * Afordooh, Hurdocb ! you 
have this day slain the only maid in Donne.' 
Upon whidi Mnrdoeh ataited op and relin> 
quished his spoil, eaying, * If I have killed ber 
you may eat her ;* be thut immediately quitted 
the forest as fast as his legs eoald carry him. 
Tiiis man was commonly called Munack niaoh. 
Jan, or Uurdoeh the son of John ; his real 
nam^ however, was Macphenon. He bad a son 
who took ordots, and obtained a IMog in 
Irriand « and k b said that the lato cdabtated 
R. B. Sheridan was daaeended frotn one of his 
daughters. The moat extraordinary supersti- 
tion prevalent was that of the Uannan-Spell, 
or fairy sweethearts; and all InvetefM deer, 
stalkers, who reosalned for nl^ts, and evm 
weaki, in tho ounntalni, wno undoratood to 
have finmed suali eonworlimo In Aose eaaes 
the natural wlfa woo eoniMwod to bo in great 
danger from ^ macMoatiani of the fairy 
mistreat." 
Peibape Aey wne not always /oiries 9 
Short acoonnts of the deer-forests of tbe 
north, sudi as Bblr Atholl, Lord Glenlyon's ; 
Ae Btaek Mount, the Harmiem of Breadal- 
baHo*s 1 fflenartnw. Lord wHoimfaby d^Bres. 
by^t Biaemor, no Eul of Flfa*a, Ac &&, 
fbrm a very nltaUe appendage to die history 
of the sports which th^ so deligbtfUUy furnish. 
The embdtisbmenta, too, alter Landseer and 
Mr. Sorope hlffltrff, are ecceedingly cbarae. 
teristio and pleating. And then there Is poetry 
by MoUk iMwb, T. H. UdMl, and DbnuU ; 
a onriOiit notke of Ibe vrry carious Black 
Book of the CaanMb, at TaymonA Castle ; 
and other aecMSoriai, whldt render tbe volume 
altogether one of wriod attraction and interest. 
Few penont eoold have written sudi a book, 
for it is tspbta with dsaski Uteratnre and do- 
gant taste, as well aa with the hardy enloits 
of the galiaM doer^talkor. What to should 
bo in tM idtysbat way U io amusingly described 
la she foOowiOf oxttnct, that, wishing tbe gods 
bad made vs aoany sodi men, we os n e l ade with 
the f oU-length pmtrait t^^ 

" After all, a nmn sboold bo trained In the 
way he thould go aa oaon aa he b eat of petti* 
coats ; If not, the symmetry of the Antlnous 
wlH avail him aooght. I have not the slightest 
denbt, indeed, bat that Pan would have eaugbt 
Hpphoe sniieh sosoer than ApoUo. He wonld 
hiwe made a mneh better ran, and probably a 
better lUkg of U ahOgetbon. Now thb b aU 
vary waH ; bnt ymr oanaannsate dosr-stalker 
dmald not only be abb to ms Um oo antebpn, 
~ tiiilli II Uho Iho tnda winda, bu dmnld 
abo be enibhi < wbhvarians other nndeobfale 
inalUmrisns. Aa, far bMoeo, ho dmold be 
able to nn In o atoopiag pad ti on, at a groy- 
hennd pace, wkb bb back poraUel to the 
gveosd, and hb fiwe within aa ladi of it, fbr 
I tagethar. Ho dmnld takn a dngnfaw 
plsnanrak Anndk^ttfaooeaanaofa bag, or In 
gUiiv down a baa% o«n*« d tsnw, Uko that 
inatmatlag anbul tho oalr-oooamplbhed he 
sboidd bo Iti tUUUly a^eedng kb dethes 
aftsr tbb operation, to mdm df comfortable. 
Strong and pliant In tha ankle, he sbonM mart 
iniatiisHj bo; slMwin nmniiv ewMUy down 
predafaes, pbM osa y idy ndomad wltb sharo- 
odged, aagnbr, vindbtave Mann, Us feet wiU 
n o advieBdl y get into a«4cward eavbbe, and 
curious pedlion^—'Ana, if hb legs are devoid 
of thelBoaltyofbrei&ing,aoiBueh thafaetter,^ 
be km ah evident odvantago over die fragtte 
man. He sbonld rejoice in wtdiof; diroogfa 
larannts, msd be ablo to stand firmly on water, 
worn fisMa, MPMdow oiTtho jjcdw «f tke 



current ; o;* if by lickte finrtune tbe waves 
should be too poweifnl for him, when he loses 
hb balance, mid goes floating away upon hia 
back (for if be hm any tw», or sense of the 
pbtoresqn^ Il b presumed ho will Ml back- 
wards), he sbonld raise hb rMo abfi in the 
air, Harmioii fashion, lest his powder should 
get wet, and hb day's sport oome suddenly to 
an end. A few weeks' praetfce in the Tilt 
wilt nuke him quite nu^tat this. We would 
recommend him to try the thing In a speat, 
dtliing a refradrtngnerth wind, wUoh b adverse 
tndoer-otalkingi thnano day will bebst pend- 
ing hb odoeation. To awim ho dioold not be 
able, because there wonld be no merit In Mving 
himself by tiicfa a paltry snbtet ftiy e; neither 
should he permit himself to be drowned, because 
we have an aiieotlon for him, and moreover it 
b very cowardly to die. As tar sleep, he should 
boalmoat a Krangar to it, aothity being the 
great roqtiblle; and If a mui gets into the 
slothful habk of lying a-bed tor five or six 
honrs at a time, I sbouM be gbd to- know 
what he b At fnr in any other sitnatlon ? 
Lest, however, we should be ihoof^t too 
niggardly In thb matter, wa wiU allow 
him to duae oeoadonally fhmi about midnight 
till hatf-past three in the morning. Our man 
Is thns property refreshed, and we retain our 
cliamoter for HbemHty. Steady, very steady, 
should his hand he, and at times wholly with- 
out a pobe. Hyadndifae curb are a very 
graceful ornament to tha bead, and, accord- 
ingly, they have been poetleaUy treated of ; but 
we valoo not graee In onr shoothig.jaoket, Mid 
inflnitdy prefer eedng our man, like Dante's 
FriiU,*eAr tien Aonne MpveAlo pUwo o/ oapo;* 
beeause tha greater \be dbtanee from the eye 
to the extreme point of the head, so much the 
quicker will the deer disoow thdr enemy, 
than ho will disoovor them. His pinnaob or 
prodomtoaal, tberofero, ahonU not be oma- 
mOHtod whh a high Bnid or tuft. Indeed, tlw 
less hair he has upon It the bettor. It la la- 
mentabb to think that there are so few people 
who will tak« disintereated advice upon tliia or 
any other subject ; but, without pnsalng the 
aiSdr disagreeably, I laava il to a doer-stalker'a 
own good sense to consider wbetbar it would 
not be infinitdy belter for hbn to shave the 
crown of his head at once, than to run the risk 
of losing a singb shot doriog tbe entire season. 
A man ao shorn, with the addition of a littb 
bog earth mbbed sobntMcally aver tbe crown 
of hb head, wonld be aa ahadute Ulrsaes 
on tbe moor, and (oottvb jMtrttsu) perfaelly 
inrindbb." 



Rob (tf the Bowl; a it^omee •/ lA# Dayt of 
ChaHn It. By J. P. Kennedy. S vols. 
19me. London. 1839. Bentby. 
The period of Uie seeond C%ari«s Is a fit and 
good period for romanoe, as It b near enough 
to onr own thne to create a real intorast, and 
remote enoogb U allow tbe skilful writer to 
Invest II wtlfc aneh durms aa Imagination may 
snggest. Iathepreeentinatanfla,toe,theeSMto 
an aided by the seene bdng laid in Aonrioa, 
where the andent capital of Maryland opens 
Ae deeeriptiens; and the chaiactan are iutru- 
docadiodbtlnctanddevorrdbf. TtieBritbh 
iBtthn, and a Kltb of dieb wild adghbann 
ofthowestom wo6ds,are brought Into aotku 
in n vWd manner ; and- dtogetber we have as 
starring a olory aa Ae loren ef Action founded 
m, or oeaneotod wbh, aetwl «irenmetan«ee, 
could desire. Among Ae sotalnars -uf Ae 
Lord Baron of Bddmotn, ahsobtie hicf notary 
of Baltimmv and Avdon, is a ONptda Jasper 
Daunti^ who jpjays a oow^fiueas part in 



20 



theM pagM, tnd wouMbenobadoaapuiiao to 
]>ugald Dalgstty, of fiunont-miniorf. Bob of 
the Bawl himielf it verj original ; and the 
iiitereM sttachod to a luuinted houte in hit 
viciiiage, ftib np ^oas royttarie* which nader 
talei of tb« kind popular with the gnat ma* 
jority of readm. 

From such a prodactioii it ii acarody pOMible 
to extract a luitablc •peeimaii without trench, 
ing upon tlie author*! a ecr e tt , and our own 
page, much toon than would be agraaaUa to 
nil or oor readan. W« ihall, therefore, lelect 
the portrait of the herwne, the youogeit 
daughter of the wonhipful Anthony Warden, 
collector of the coMoms at St. Mary'a, m an ex- 
ample of the talent and ityle whiieh bolwig to 
the whole t— 

" or tha btanty of the Roae of Sl Uuy't 
(for 80 contemporariea were wont to de^gnate 
her) traditim apeaki with a poetical fervoar 
I bare heard It aald that Maryland, far-famed 
for lordy women, hath not aluoe had a fairer 
daughter. The beaaty which lirei in exprw- 
BiMi wat eminently hers t that beauty which i* 
aeareely to be caught by the painter, — which, 
changMul x the lurface of the welling foun- 
tain, where all the freeb imagea of nature are 
for ever tblfting and iparkling with the gloriea 
of the mirror, deSei the limoer'a skill. In 
itatnre the was ndther ahort nor tall, but dii- 
tioguished by a form of admirable lymmetry, 
both for grace and activity. Uer featurea, it 

IB aoarc* neoenary toaay, wm i^ular,_butj factory of phyaical ouniiartit the de^ alaep of 
iiotabe(datdyio;for, I know not why, perfect tired men." 



sing. Hie and hoc luniu nactumo. 
Huiu for tbe)(dl)i oU moon f 

* Why, Garret, vintner, art asleep, man ?' in- 
quired the captain. 'Why dort thou not Join 
In the burden ?* < To yonr hand, captain,* ex- 
daimed Weasel, rousing hlmidf and piping 
forth the cbonii — 

' HIc sndbpc nimiu noctunio. 
Hum Cot tbeioUjr oU wMOBl* 

which he did not fall to repeat at the top of hU 

voice at OMb ntom. Dauntraei proceeded : 

• She tnlb « rayil tdOamlag, 
And ■ merry road court doUi ktcp. 
With her diltplM ban thu walk to tlw Aadr, 
Aad wake wbMOt timr f «lM|t. 

Sing, HIc and hoc nimut Doctumo. 

H&a fiir flte joUj oU mooa ! 
Uaatn owl he <■ bar ehauraltort 
And the bat Uhli WTVliv«uuit 
Thay taU no talaa of what thay see. 
But wink wbar we turn up the can. 

Sins, BIc and hoc nrnna noclurno. 

Hwoa ftKdwjoMy old awM I 
Har chailitw h Goodman Pnw. 

With a alow-wonn for hli link t 
And all «Ee would nuke court to her. 

Are foio, good flaih! todrink. 
SlBf, Hk wMI hac wai nurtamo, 
Huna Air the Jolljr old UMMB r 

Thia ditty waa aoarcdy oaneladed_for It 
was spun ont with aevenJ noisy repetitions of 
the chorus— before the troop reined up at the 
gate of the fort. The drowsy sentinel undid 
the bolt at the captain's tuounoni, and in a 
very short apace to* wearied adventiirera were 
stretched in the enjoyment of that moat aatis* 



regnlarlty la a binderance to espreaiion. Eyes 
of dark hazd, with long lashes that gave, by 
turns, a penatra and playful light to her (ace, 
servlt^, at will, to eurtailV from the world the 
thoughts which otherwise would have been 
read by friend and foe; hair of a ridi brown, 
glossy, and, tnsome lights, even like the raren's 
wing, — ample in Ttdume, and turning har brow 
and shoulders almost into marble by the con- 
trast ; a complexion of spotless, healthful white 
and red ; a light, elastic step, responding to 
die gaiety of bw lieart ; a voice mckdioua and 
clear, gentle in its tones, and variona in its 
modolMion, according to the bding it uttered : 
— these consUtuted no inoouiddaraole items in 
tiie inventory of her perfections. Her spirit 
was blithe, aAisotidnate, and quick in its sym. 
pathies ; her ear credulous to believe what was 
good, and slow to take an evil report. The 
innocence of her thoughta kindled a habitual 
Ivbt upon her countenanoe, whi^ was only 
dimmed iriien the tough handily by fortune 

friend or klnnnan waa raeountod to her, and 
brought forth the ready tear, — for that was 
ever as ready as her smile." 

The variona adventures belong to the school 
of Scott, and remind us of the Monastery*' 
and tlie ** Pirate." ' After one of Ume, the 
return home of the party offtn us a separable 
^notation 

*' As the captain oonUnued to urge his jour- 
ney, which he did with the glee that waits upon a 
safe deliverance from an exploit of baxard, he 
' turned hia face upwards to the bright orb which 
threw a cheerful light over the scenery of the 
road>idde, and in me diataooe flung a reflection, 
as of bumidiad silver, over the bcvad surface <rf' 
St. MaryV river, as seen from dm heighl whicli 
the travellers were now decBMidlag. Not more 
tlian two miles of their route rtfoained to be 
achieved, when tlie captain brt^e forth with an 
<dd song of that day, in a voice which would not 
have diacreditad a professor i 

• TiM nMMH, tha moan, the JoUr moon, 
An« aJoUy quem U dw I 
ihcbaui iiroU'd o* nlghti ihii thousand ycsr^ 
WWi eves Uwbsrt atawnpaay. 



We are sorry that we cannot do more for 
the buoaniers, and other wdl-drawn person- 
ages, who figure in this work i but in truth, 
extract is impossible, and we must dismiss it 
with the commendations we have bestowed. 



^r&ereteas et FmHettum Britamiieimt or, the 
Tnet €md ShnAt ^ Arjtota, NmtitM and 
Fonigih Hardg mrf Ha^^ardf, PkloriaUg 
and BottmieaUif IMmtaitd, and SemttifiomUit 
and Popularltf Deitribedf wUk iMr ^*np<^ 
galian, CtUtim, Manapemtnt, Uwett ^ By 
J. C. London, F.L. and H.8., Ac 8 vols. 8vo. 
Illustrated with abov^ 8600 Bngravinga, and 
about 400 Sva and dto. FktM. iiondon, 
1838. Longman and Co. 
Thb great masa of infiMinadon respecting trees 
and shrubs, eoOMited togatber In these volumeS} 
and the oumenma and beautifully exeoated 
wood engravings, render this work one of great 
interest, not only to the botanist and motlcal 
culthntor, ln|t tbo amatanr and gMioraJ reader. 
Caramon as frees are, and eontinnally as wa 
see them before our eyee, there an few subjects 
on which general readers are worse infornad. 
The hard names and cramped phrase* of the 
botanist seem to close the door against all 
passing intruders, who wish merely to take a 
glimpse of the objects of bis science i and few 
persons who have not studied botany have an 
idea of there being more than half*a-daaon or a 
dozen different kinds ot trees, even In dw most 
extensive plantations. All theee perwNis wilt 
be delighted with Mr. Loudon's Arbvrwiwm; as 
in the popular part of the work, which occupies 
nearly two.tbiids of the whole, he describes so 
many different and beautiful trees growing in 
the immediate nei^bonihood of London, aa 
must give a great additional Inttrait to every 
rooming drive taken two or three miles ont m 
town, or even round the Regent's Park. 

We shall now offer a few extracts, taken from 
the different portions of the work. It must be 
observed that Mr. Loudon not only gives de 
•criptioni* fto. of kit troea, and their uses for 
timbti^ Inik he ilMiH^ iW snb ipMv oftbiii 



fruit ; and, as many of our readers may re- 
member Mr. James s amusing description. In 
oue of his late works, of the cake called la 
galetUf which ia' made of chestnut fimir, we 
shall quote Mr. London's description of the 
uses to which the fniit of the dwatnut is ap- 
plied in the south of Europe. 

" The principal countries where the chestnut 
is employed as an important article of food are, 
the South of France and the North of Italy, 
where it serves, in a great measure, as a sub- 
stitute for both the bread and potatoes of more 
northern nations. In these countries it be- 
comes a matter of importance to preserve the 
chestnuts during winter : and, accordingly, 
great care ia taken in gathering, keeping, and 
drying them, ao aa to ensure a constant supply. 
Whea. the chestnuts are ripe, those that are to 
be preserved are collected every day from the 
ground on whidi they have fallen from die 
tree, and spread out in a dry airy place, till the 
whole is gathered together. But, as it is often 
a considerable dme before the chestnuts are all 
ripe eooivh to fall ttma the tree, if the seasMi 
be BO &r advanced as to be In dangtf of snow 
or heavT rains, after the fallen chestnuts have 
been cmleeted and set on one side for drying, 
the tree is beateu with long poles, to knock oS 
the remaining fruit. This operation Is called 
gauUr lei ehataignet. But the fruit thus col- 
lectod Is only considered fit for immediate use; 
Mid the greater part of it is carried to the local 
market, or sent to Paris. The husks of the chest> 
uuta beaten off the trees bdng generally attached 
to the nuts, they are troddeu off by peasants 
furnished with heavy sabots, when the nuts are 
wanted for immediate use ; but, when die 
chestnuts are to be preserved a few months, 
they are generally kept in their husks in heaps 
in the open air, or ui harrela of sand, which 
are actually sometimes sprinkled with water 
in very dry seasons, in order to preserve 
the full and plump appearance of the 
Quta. One of the modes of drying chestnuts, 
in order to preserve them for several vean, 
is, to place those which have been coliecled 
from the ground on coarse riddles, sieves, 
or hurdles, io a dry airy place, and after- 
wards to expose them to the suu; or to 
boil tb«n for a quarter of an hour, and then 
dry them in an oven. In Simoasiu aud P^rigord, 
wbwe the chestnut flour is used for making 
the kind of cake called la paUUt, and the thick 
porridge called la polenta, which are the com- 
mon food of the peasantry, the cheetnuts are 
dried with smoke. A thin layer taunts, which 
have beMi deprived of their outer husks, is Uld 
on aldnd of kiln pierced with holM ; and a tire 
is made below with the husks, and part of the 
wood of the tree, which is only permitted to 
smoulder, and ia not suffered to burst into a 
flame. In a short time the chestnuts begin to 
sweat I that is, tiudr superabundant moisture 
oous out through their skius. The fire ia 
then inunediatdy extinguished, and the cheet- 
nuts are sufFsrod to liecome quite cold. They 
are then thrown on tme side, and n fresh hyer 
is spread out, and subjected to the same 
process. Whoi a suflicient quantity of cheat- 
nuts is dius prepared, to cover the floor 
of the kiln, at least one foot deep, they 
are laid upon it, and a gentle fire Is made 
btdow, which is gradually augmented dnriiig 
two or three days, and is then continued duritifc 
nine or ten days, the chestnuts being regularly 
turned, like malt, till the nuts part readily from 
their skins : they are then put into sacks, 
which bare been previously wat.uulcthra»hed 
with sticks, » rebbed dpAwMMiUoh or 
laUf » a^ which U>vy an wUuM>Ad, and 9tm 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLAS LETTRES. 



21 



tlwii ready for tht mill. During tbe process 
of dryiDg, tbe fire is watched night and day ; 
mad the under side of the floor of the kiln (or 
hurdles. If these have been used as a substitute 
for a pared floor) tnmt be frequently swept, to 
clear it from the sooL The dust which escapes 
from the chestnuts, when they are winnowed, 
together with the broken nuts, are CBrefally 
preserved for feeding cattle, and are called In 
France biteat. The most general modes of 
cooking cheainats In France are, birfltiig them 
in water, either sEmply, with a little salt, or 
with Iraves of celery, sage, or any herbs that 
may be approved or, to give them a flavour; 
and roasting them, either In hot ashes, or In a 
coffee - roaster. They are also oocasfonslly 
roasted iMfore the fire, or on a shovel, as in 
England, hut, when thus prepared, they are 
thou^t not so good. In whatever wav the 
chestnuu are roasted, the French cooks uways 
■lit the skin of afl except one; and when that 
cracks and flies ofl' they know that the rest are 
done. Chestnut flour is kept In casks, or in 
earthen bottles well corked: and it will re- 
main good for years. La galetU Is a species 
of thick flat cake, whidi is made wilhoat yeast, 
and baked on a kind of girdle, or iron plate, or 
on a hot flat stone. It is generally mixed with 
milk and a little salt, and is sometimes made 
richer by tbe addition of eggs and hotter ; and 
eometimes, when baked, it is covered with a 
rich custard before serving. La polenta is 
made by boiling the chestnut flour in water or 
milk, and contiouallr sMrring it, tlU it has be- 
come quite thick, and will no longer stldc to 
the fingers. When made with water. It is 
frequently eaten with milk In the manner tlttt 
oatmeal porridge Is in Scotland. Besides theee 
modes of dressing chestnuts, which are common 
in Italy as well as In France, many others 
might be mentioned; partieatarly a kind of 
ftoiiWi, called vM^no, which li made by boiling 
the entire chestnuts, after they have been dried 
and freed from their skins, in water, with a littie 
salt, till they become soft, and then breaking and 
mixing them together like mashed potatoes ; 
and a sweetmeat called marrmM ffheitt which 
is made by dipping the marrona into clarified 
sugar, and then drying them, and wfaidk la 
common in the confectioners' shops In Paris.*' 

Every one has heard of Venice turpentine, 
and may know that it is procured from the 
larch, but the fbllowing description of tbe mode 
€f procuring it will, probably, be new to oor 
readers. 

** To obtain the torpentioe, trees are chosen 
which are neither too young nor too old; as 
only full-grown tree^ not yet In a state of 
decay, will yield good turpentine. When the 
sap begins to be in motion, in spring, if a few 
dnms of turpentine are seen exuding from the 
bari^ it Is a proof that the tree Is fnU of 
rainoos juice; and, if the trunks were split, 
there wonld be finnd, five inches or sbt lo^es 
irom Uie heart at tbe tree, and eight Indies or 
ten indies from ^e baric, several d^ts of 
Kqoid resin, contained in cavities which are 
sometimes one Indi thi<^, three inches or four 
inches broad, and as mack in height. In a 
trunk of fbrty feet In length, at many aa six of 
theae latge reserroln of Uqoid redn have been 
found, and sereral enuUer onoi> When the 
wood of a tree cut down in this atale la tawed 
up, a cut with a hatdtet will make the tnrpen* 
tine flow abundantly; and the sawyera often 
find the movement of the saw Impeded by it. 
Youi^ and rigorous larches have none of these 
lUeivuii's, wlueh appear not to be formed till 
tile tree ha atcmned its foil growth ; and It It, 
comeqaently, fat Ala itMe ody that the tcM it 



in a fit condition tor being pierced for the ex- 
traction of Its resin. The peasants of tiie 
valley of St. Martin, in tbe Fays de Vaud, use 
augera nearly an indt in diaqieter, with which 
they pierce the fbli-grown laKhes In dif- 
ferent places, beginning at three feet or 
four feet from the ground, and mounting 
gradually to ten feet or twelve feet. They 
choose, generally, the south side of the tree, 
and, whni practicable, the knots formed by 
brudies wluch have been broken or cut off, 
and through which the turpentine la seen ex- 
uding naturally. The holes are always made 
In a slanting direction, in order that the tur- 
pentine may flow out of them more freely ; and 
care is always taken not to penetrate to the 
centre of the tree. To these holes are fixed 
gutters made of laidi wood, whieh ,are one 
meh and a half iride, and fnm fifteen inches to 
twenty inches long. One of the ends of each 
gutter terminates in a p^, through the centre 
ot which is bored a hole about one inch and a 
half in diameter. This end of the gutter is 
forced into the hole made in the tree, and the 
other end is led into a small bucket, Or trough, 
which receives the turpentine. Xn the coun- 
tries where larches are abundant, particularly 
in tbe Brianfonnaia and the Vallois, may be 
seen. In the fine weather of spring, a prodigious 
quantity of little buckets at the foot of tbe 
trees, each attached to a tree by a slender tube, 
or gutter, through whieh the clear limpid tur- 
pentine, glittering in the sun, brickies down, 
and soon fills the budcet ; while, wrarymoming 
and evening, the peasants hasten Iran tree to 
tree, oamining their budtets, taking away, or 
emptying theee that are (Ul, and replacing 
them with empty ones. This harvest, if so it 
may be called, continues from May till Sep- 
tember; and tbe turpentine requires no other 
preparation, to render It fit for sale, than 
straining it through a eoane hair-cloth, to free 
it from leaves, or any other aoddental impuri- 
ties that may have fallen into.it. When a 
hole made in a tree does not produce tor- 
pratlne, or when the turpentine ceases to flow, 
the hole ii stopped with a peg, and not opened 
tor a fortnight or three weeks. When these 
hdea are reiqiened, the turpentine is generally 
found to flow from them in greater abundance 
than from the other holea in the tree, and tiiey 
oontinne to give still more and more, till the 
flow of tbe sap is stopped in autumn by the 
cold. A full*grown healthy larch, if tapped 
when of the proper age, will yidd seven or 
dght pound of turpentine every year, for fbrty 
or fifty yean." 

With regard to the profit to be obtained by 
planting, there is much interesting information 
in this work, which shonid be read attentively 
by every landed proi^etM. The love of one's 
country, and the wish of upholding England as 
monarch of the seaa, are stioi^c motives for 
planting oaks for tbe mo of die navy ; but the 
length oif time whidimnBt eh^we before th« trees 
can be cut down, oonfinea this kind of planting 
to the rich magnates of the land. No such ob. 
Jectkm holds good against the larch. An oak 
tree is not fit for naval timber till it is from 
ninety to a faundred'and Afty years old ; and it 
haa been calcnlated that It requires the produce 
of fifty acres to bnlU one 74-gnn ship ; but the 



qnicfc growth of the larch prevents the necessity 
of waiting thus bog for the return of capital, 
and reninn it tbe most eligiUe of all timber 
trees for planting, where the proprietor possesses 
land in a snitablo situation. 

There ia no name (says Mr. Loudtm) that 
standa ao high, and so deservedly high, in the 
lilt of wiwiMrfiil tkaUn, m that df tbe Ut« 



John* duke of AthoL His grace planted. In 
the last years of hi* life, 6A0O Scotch anw of 
mountain ground aeldy with thelardi, which, 
in the course of seventy-two years from the 
time of planting, will he a forest of timber, fit 
for tbe buikling of the la^cett dass of ships in 
her majesty's navy. Befiwa it It cut down for 
this purpose, it will have been thinned out to 
about 400 trees per acre. Bach tree will con- 
tain at the least AO cuUc feet, or one load of 
timber ; which, at the low pt^oe of one shilling 
per cubic foot (only oaa half of Its present value), 
will give lOOOJ^ per acre, or. In all, a sum of 
8,60O,O0W. sterling 1 1 Besides tills, there will 
have been a return of 7 J. per acre from the thin- 
nings, after deducting all expense of thinning 
and the original ouiJay of j^anting. Farther 
stiU, tiie land on which the larch k planted is 
not worth above from nlnepenoe to a shllliug 
per acre. After the thinning of the first thirty 
years, the larch will make it worth at least ten 
shillings kn acre, by the improvement of the 
pasturage, uponwhioioattlecanhakaptRunmer 
and winter." 

Indeed, there is no part of the Arboreiuu 
Britaiutieuu more interesting, in a national 
point of view, than the facts which Mr. Loudon 
has brought together respecting the rapid growth 
of the larch, on soil fit for littie ehw than plant- 
ing; the durability of its timber, which is 
always greatest on such soils, and the numerous 
uses to which it is applicable both In dvil and 
naval architecture. Mr. Ijoudon haa made no 
Imadnatyealenlations, but has drawn all his oou- 
dndoiB from faeta an reoord, and chiefly from 
the experience of the Doke of Athd, in his ex- 
tensive larch pkntations already meouuned. 
Perhaps the most astonishing fact respecting 
the larch is, that a man who b^ns to plant this 
tree at twenty-one years of age, should he live 
to seventy, may see a frigate built from trees of 
his own planting. The Uroh, in short, u naval 
timber, is to the oak, what tbe railroad it to the 
common road. 

We have confined ourselves to quotations of 
the useful kind ; but if we had room we might 
give proofs that the work is aa entertaining as 
it is instructive, and that it may he read with 
pleasure both by the young and the old. Mr. 
Louden not only treats of the history, geogra- 
phy, uses, propagatitm, &c of trees and shrubs, 
but he gives us infctrmatifMi respecting the in- 
sects which live on them ; the fungi and mosses 
which grow on them ; tiie diseases by which 
they are attacked ; the birds wliich they feed, 
or which make their nests in them ; the super- . 
stittons respseting them; and didr legendary 
and poetteal asaodations. 

Can it be necessary to recommend such a 
book to those who already know Mr. Loudon's 
encydopsdias ? We need only say, that in the 
Arbonttm tt Frutiettum BrUannieum he has 
far surpassed htmsdf; he is, in short, the 
Evdyn of the nineteenth oentury, and we do 
not know that we can award him higher praise. 



Sketches qf Scenery in the Batgue Prooineet of 
Spain, with a Setsction of if^atioHal Mueic, 
arranged feir PianO'Forte and Guitar: U- 
tuetrated Ay iVotor and Jtemmteancts con* 
neeted with the War in Biaea$ and CaetOe, 
By Henry Wilkinson, Sleraber of tbe Royal 
College of Surgeons, and late Staff-Surgeim 
in tbe British Legion. Imperii ^to. pp. 
80. London, 1838. Adcermann and Co. 
This volume gives na some virid descriptions 
of the many horrors, miseries, and privations 
witnessed and suffered by the luckless British 
Lwion during tbe late, campaign, , placed in a 
dtoriilpt^fa^WfliiiliaW^^ 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



painful acmes atteodsnt upon warfare would 
mogmrily pan ander hit eye, Hr. WiUcIiuon 
coaM Mwoely wrM mixing andi with hii 
lif^ter and more wraetble tuk oF kboUg de* 
■cription; from dw former we sdectAefottow. 
ia^; — 

Here I alio foond that gallant yoong offi- 
cer Dupont, who had auffiered amputation of 
the thigh the prerioua erening. He reoeived 
roe in a afngiuar manner, eriodng the moat 
]Aikiaophial indifference for his aerioai loat. 
Unrortun«ie,htitltbthecbanc«of war; hard 
knocks were to be expected I Of whit use 
would it he to griwe now ? it would never re- 
store me my Imt leg, and wotild certainly be 
prejudicial to my recovery.* SdcH were his 
words, and there was nothing assumed in his 
manner^— kia bearing was natural, easy, and 
frank, md I oooll not but admire bia surpris- 
ing cooliiesa- I may as well ooncltide his hia- 
tory here. He did well the three or four weeks 
he remained in Iron. After that period had 
elapsed, the woonded officers were collected 
from the different hospitals, phwed in a boat on 
the BidaiaoB, and brtni^t nmnd the caaat to 
SanSebasthn. I remember being told (rf their 
arrival, and haatening down to oner my asaist* 
■noe in thfte removal. I found the boat 



agroond fai the dem mud of the harbour, aod it 
was even difBodt for an active man to get on 
board. The wonnded were, consequently, de- 
tained aome time in thrir aneomfmtable poai- 
tioa. HowISared It with the brave and philo- 
aophloal Dopont? After shaking hands wiUi 
Ormsby and De Bui;gh, I spoke to him, I was 
stmdc with the quenilouB tone of his voice, ao 
different from what it was on my first seeing 
kim after his loas. His pulse was quick, Us 
akin waa hot and dry, and feara arose in my 
mind for hla life. X observed a aheet atretched 
along the baCtam of the boat, and iaqnired 
what it covered. He shsddered, and recwled 
with k<vror, as lie replied, * Tlie body of poor 
Fbeelan, wbo died on onr short passage here. 
This it is thu has shocked me the most, and I 
am afraid I shall soon follow him.' There was 
an eamestneaa and aolemnity about hia voice 
and manner that made me feel sore ha apok 
prophetically. Dupoot waa removed to hit 
hfflet, waa attacked by feverish ayoytoma, 
and, tn ^ite the most unremitting care and 
attention, fell a victim within three weeks' 
time. He was buried on the castle hill of Sao 
Sebastian, amongst the fallen brave." 

And again I—" I pais over the sickening 
hornira ei that flight i anffioe it to say, that 
many eSeera and men sunk to the earth in 
state of complete physical exhaustion, and, with 
the powers of the mind in full activity, they 
waited till the bloodhounds came up to de 
•patch them. Thus perished the talentdS but 
eccentric Camaby, die warm-hearted Utal- 
rymple, Che wild and jovial O^rien, and 
many men of the Rifles and Scotch. Captai 
Harris, who escaped, was several times on the 
point of giving up the race, but he was pre 
vented by a ^lant fellow, an orderly of Co 
lonel W1Uon*a, who, although wounded through 
the arm, persisted in forcing him onwards. 
That officer told me that he passed Camaby 
and Dalrymple, and heard the dying abrieks of 
O'Brien, now affecting the description he 
gave of llieir hopeless parting : * Oh, Harris 
krip me, he^ me, or I fau !* * Cheer np 
Oaraaby, and you may yet escape ; I cannot 
help you — I call scarcely move myself.' ' Then 
fareiml,Barris, forberelwMtmydeath.' The 
imiwiuation qnaila beCm the pietare preaented 
to ue saind, of the Utter monmita of agony 
eaSmA Itj ihew flw youag men, till tbor 



murderers came up. The thonghu of the homes 
they were never more to aeB,*-of rdativei and 
friends whose hands they would never again 
•rasp,— the more tender reootlectiom of the 
inalMUul or lover, — all concentrated in the brief 
leriod of a few short minutes, must have been 
Eoener far than Uie bayonet that taonlnated 
their exiatence.'* 

An anecdote in the commencement of the 
march Is amusing, though it also terminates 
sadly. 

He waa established with a brother-officer 
in an excellent billet, containing two deliriously 
clean beds. They had not been long in posses, 
sion, when a comfort^le and snbstaatiri-look- 
ing man, rather beyond the middle age, entered 
the house, and chimed poaaeMlon. A hot al- 
tercation wu the reanlt; hot the afiair was 
settled by Jenner'a kindly giving up one bed to 
tha new comer. Provisions were scaroe with 
the assiatant-sorgeoo and his friend, — imagine, 
then, their delight on seeing an immense can- 
teen brought into the room, containing abund- 
ance of good things, in tne ahuw of tea, coAee, 
•agar, preaervfla, wid oberry-bnndy. Their 
ddight amovnted to Mataay when a huge York- 
shire ham and a number of eggs were produced. 
The party made an excellent stumer, and as the 
wine warmed the heart of the old commissary, 
(for such he proved to be) he began to descant 
on the annoyances he liad endured during oor 
march. He lud loat lome of his bagpwe, and 
been frightened to death by a lew sbou 6i«d at 
our force, in pasdng through an extendve Cnreat. 
He had imagined that our marches would be 
very much Uie same as those of detachments 
moving from town to town in Elnglaad, over 
good roads, and with the advantage of baggage- 
wagons- Once on the sultject of home, by a 
natural enough transition, he deacribed in glow- 
ing terms the comforts ha had left behind in 
hia house at Norwood. * What an old fool 
was to come out here, where no living creature 
cares for me ! How differently was I estimated 
at home I My wlte and daughters hxdced up to 
me as a supenor being. Every wish 1 formed 
was anticipated. I jumped into the omnibns 
in the morning; reached the dty, traoaaoted 
my little bosiMsi, and by kalf-paat four was 
set down at my own door. Oh, what a am 
founded old fool I was, to leave my little villa 
at Norwood, to come aoldiering in Spain 1 ' 
Poor fellow, he never saw his cheridied home 
again ; he fell a viaim to the deeoUting pesti 
lenoe that n«ed at Vittoria." 

Some thirty pages, at the end of tha vohune, 
are devoted to a pleasant coUeetion of SpeaiiUi 
music. Sir. W. aaya :— 

He fears these utter moat beatuifiU wHo- 
dies will lose caaaiderably by their English 
adaptation. The language to which they have 
been hitherto united is thaBasqaeor Basouense, 
a dialect as totally different totfrom] pure Cas- 
tilian as the Walsh language to [fxomj tha En. 
glish. Heard in that wild country, aanidat the 
sublime works of nature, and gushing forth 
witluiut art from hands of children^ these Mra 
posaessed an indeacribahle charm, and produoed 
an effect it would be ht^peless toattao^t to imi> 
ute in an English drawing-vaom." 

Neverthelesa, sevwal of ihaie airs are very 
d«lightQlI,andgrowt^lon thaear onrepetitien. 

Tlie emItelllshmaiiU are, — "Bentcna;" 
" PhuMs and City of Vittoria *' Alaa, Ben- 
teria, and Lexo;" "Poeition of Lord John 
Hay, at Passages;" "Fort of Paasagea;" 

Corlist Fort, ' El Puqua,' with Funtarabia, 
and Month of the Bidasaoa;*' "Iran, with 
Monnt San Martial and the Bridge of Bdw* 
Ua i" ** FoitfatBbia, vUk tba CmttM w4 



Bridge of Capauchinos { " '< Foiltarahla ; " 
"Hemanii" "San Sebastians" "Burial- 
^ace (tf BritUi Officers on ^ Cistle Hilt of 
San Sebastian." 



ParalUJe da Lanffve* C Europe gtdeflnde^ 
Ac; miecun EsMaide TrameriptitmCmcraU' 
Par F. O. Eichoff, &0. 4to. Paris, 1836. 
Sm^ en ffte ATotarr, Agt, md Origin fifth* 
Satucrit Wrt^ and Lai^u^/e. By E. W. 
Wale, D.D. M.R.LA. 4to. DubUn. 1838. 
Since the appearance of Orinmia' earlier vo- 
lumea, and the more immediate and consequent 
reaearches ofBopp, the learned world have turned 
their eyes, with no common curiosity, to Hin- 
dostan ; and, with a sage oondatency, equally 
remarlmbte and creditaiile to the actnu en- 
lightened state of the age, while they have 
steadily refused to recognise the history of 
India 'as affording a clue to that of Europa, 
they have as steadily insisted that, on the-sister 
subject of languag^ the former should aflbrd 
the moat satisfactory key to the latter. A. 
modiflcalion of the two potoU might, possibly, 
prodiue a nearer approach to the tni^ ; bitf 
U ia oor misfortune, tluU even the few who 
have attempted tliis course have been induced, 
at tha same time and by way of counterpoise, 
to embrace an opposite error with a xeal equal to 
that of their adversaries— and which, i» truth, 
always dis^nguishet ev^ry portion of m a n k i nd 
wbraevar th^ are cdivuwsly in tlte wrong. 

The two works before ua are uneuhu-ly 11- 
lostrative cf the twoclaaaea,,., the ortliodoxand 
the infidel, — who with rival seal appro«cli the 
Jaganit idol of Sanscrit sdenoe and monstrosity, 
tg venerate or destroy. U. Eichoff is a true 
believer i he taltes all that has beeu aaaerted ou 
the Bubject for granted ; and, seeing the system 
complete, and lu vogue before him, he never 
doubts of iu perfection, but cordially adopu the 
creed of languages, and employs, for its illustra- 
tion and support, all the eUhoration of labour ' 
and thought robing the genioa of his fancy 
iu a tissue of noordiuary eloqnence and elegant 
aimpliqty. 

Dr. Wale, on the contrary, is ao impugner 
ofSanacrit antiquity i but, in order to Msall 
It with effitct, he has raised up to the level irf' 
Its w^, after the fashion of ancient beai^era, 
a mound of his own, tn the shape of the Greek 
system, and whiuh,Ve fear, would offer little 
or no resistance to any sally of his opponents. 
He has connected, too, this Greek system wltli 
some portion of the Hebrew, but with rather 
move ingenuity than ancceHt and erowned tlie 
whole with a kind of homework, in the shape 
of hypotheses and assertion springlug from hia 
own head entirely, and carried to a height that 
satisfactorily rivals the labours of Diabolus, 
when, aocording to houeat John Bunyan, he 
*' bnilt up « wall befone Mr. UnderstaudUg** 
bouse, io that he cooU tee nothing frovi hie 

Sirhmr wlndoars." Bat though he thus ettn- 
iibad 

'•afomiiaaMedyke 
Betwitt hb own and other' lattilect ' 

in one part of hia argument, we are bound to 
aay, that there ia much reaaou, foroa, and truth, 
in portiooa of Dr. Wale'a wark t and these 
nqnine careful inspectien, and a eompleta ne- 
futattmi, before the integrity of theSanscritean 
be iosiatad upon by iU admirera. 

We eanoot conceive where, in the Scrip- 
tuTM, is to ha found any auUtority for that 
eimultaneoua perfection of ntteraooe, and iii- 
taitive ability, whidi, aocordiag to M. Bichoff, 
Dr.Kidd, and aonieotberwrit«ra,werebeetow«d 
upou Adam by the DetifT^Ig the acepf Jobn- 
Mo, it adilKiiiwr^j 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLBS LETTRES. 



is 



T i TT TTTia —g^iarfBaa— — Bam 
' w hmrt, mrertlMlem, f^jMctad to g>*ing tbam 
» gpedea of cuntBeiiUrMu brtief, a fidth (rf 
ductions, annipporud allogedwr bif their proper 
eridenoe, bat foiuxiod inflnl<r upon argnnwatk- 
tive eoadmiona, drawn flram them in dayt 
wImd eonmntlve pirilotofj bad iwrcxiiteaoe, 
■nd tb« tMoriau, consMpMMlf, whv fomwd 
these conduflioBa had no fdentific basis upon 
which to gnmmi their dectriaet. li it ^nr 
that rich t<rrlt«rt,hoiveTer learned, were not sa 
capable of jodfing b> ooraelm, wiib the It^a 
of thepreMBtitayberoreflvrevM; and, tbere- 
fore, that the errors which dkefharfattadhed 
l» the Scriptures otqfht to b« rooiC eueftilly 
dniing^oiAed from the hdf text ; and this for 
the sakeof fakl^, no^s toam of Mience. W« 
read of mnes bettowed en beut^ and in- 
stractiem giren to man, tj hit gntt Creator; 
bnt what right have we totuppose tbeae were 
not ril axpnesed b|f shn^ eoonda? We find 
in the bter relaiienief s u de t y n a ve l diwyweriea 
of every hind arietng oir the wnie^ aod norel 
Mtaatiom formed out of novri and more intrl- 
cftlfl complications— just a> the game of chen 
is more complicated Uiait that of draughts.* 
To those uovelties In h'fe fresh names are ap- 
plied ; which, In the earHer aCagei of socrety, 
were as unknown ae the positions tiny represent. 
Who can say, therefore, that wlhtblea do noc 
comMne prngressirely, av wans hnsreeae, In 
proportion to tbe increase of ther ideas they 
represenl ? 31. Eidioff it snrriy, then, assert' 
in^ a queationahle ease, if net a posttfre error 
of fhet, when he aAmw, that ** langaage is not 
a gradual iareiitioii, the lesalt of long com- 
bination." Let MS M taat n i o t the mnuns 
of the (rfdest and mdest Ingnagea that are left 
to us, tind we sfa^ see grmnda lor, at least, 
withholding onr consent to tliis long>received} 
btit very Mubtfot asramptioR, llie author 
himself seems tn support enr scepticism, when 
he affirms, ** We can only recrire as (act that 
Rimitlre wofds mmt have been finr in 
ler, and all moBetynabic" And Be goes on to 
shew that simple terms mutt iMTe been satne- 
quently analogically ajipKed to analogies, as 
beig^ and i^ih, cartty and projecriwi, light 
and warmth, cold and darkness, aiv expreued 
by Ae same sounds. Facts which eridenoe 
incontestiftly that what we now call figores of 
npeedi are, m truth, only sufaetitntions, arit-, 
ing from paucity of langni^, in every age and 
conntry of the world. 

There is moeh truth, as weft as beauty, in - 
the view of language originally, as taken by 
M. Kchoff ; and we extract the following pas- 
s^ from bis second head ; nMiely, divMoa 
ef langnq^L 

** The history of bmgnagei ii Ae basis of 
that of netians amidst the thick inknma that 
covers the early ages of the world, amongst the 
errors and fables wherewith each people has 
turroanded iu cradle ; it forms the cfue that 
directs m with method and probahility at 
leset, if not witlt certainty, marking tbe ana- 
Ingfea and diAreticee in Che human fhmily; 
chaneeeiMi^ eMh snecessiTe mneratlon ; and 
printing on Ute changeful s<m those traces of 
iu rapid ^siagff which so many succeeding 
events seem to have effaced for ever. What, 
kt fact, can general history teach us of tbe 
irst estabHshraents of men, of their con- 
■exions, their divisions, die (ormation of 
irthes, and their respeetire dispersions ? Who 
has fdhnratf their silent maroi aeroa deserts, 
rivers, mt meantains, and seen the ^hat web 
of natfons spreading progmssively over the 



upon Speech as a single operation, or gift, and 
to taohnwi the state of its sobsequent cnlti> 
vation, in seme one of tbe ni^cs, with the 
aamieiatiAn ol the First Man. But there exists 
BO grvund whatever for this snpposiUim in the 
Itaripcnras Aemsrivw; aoid fraPM aH wo can see 
hi osaialarog die wrecks ofkaguageaiiddifr> 
lect, tha system beia|f every tmni obvionsly 
ptegtaselse, there fs, or may be, much room to 
donhc whether the la n gtiage »f our first parents 
w«« noC a sim^ artientftttoir — a medium, pos- 
siblyi between tha imieonant ottsnace of ani- 
■ab (not onlftrm, heeaoto vnyiw «)A n- 
rhau emotion*) and the fanprered monoeyl- 
lables of the CMnese, artiAehuly modulated by 
trniee and notes,, aseendiajf, descending, and 
sostained,orsinsp4yaintla»ons. CMneaewriten 
have eomparcd ibeir toagiie with tb« Sanscrit, 
dnngh bat partially in evcrysenseof ^word: 
a holder and more eildo ni oampviMni dMwfa, 
nnforftmatoly, bnt tm Hmited hitherto^ has 
been kitdtatw, «■ rMher incidoitcd, by a lev 
•f oar own eonatrymew, Withent graniirtg 
die origlnaKty elahied by the Chinese, we are 
certainly di^osed to admit so far their clairn to 
an «ar/tr«f antiqirity, inramudi as we hold the 
monosyllaMe fsrra of their hnguage to' be an 
iDtmtlcstible evidence ef original fomiatian. 

We not only concur enthvly In tile ra> 
marks of Dr. Walie, that Hebrew letters were 
originally ayllabfes— and tbe rifgtrtest 
pswiaott between the Zendand Hebrew wHl shew, 
that, fn correspendfnc words, the first it o^a 
cuUivntedformefthelatter; b«wedoneelmi- 
tate also to de ela s e our opinion, in <q>positiett to 
iL Eichoff m4 a fcvoerita European notion, 
thM what v» MOW estt is^s wesn at Cm anw 
dteinoniehad fhna «<A»r ceoaonanla. The 
early ay riac alphabet, eriyllobary,Isonepraof of 
tbie; tha poiMkif of the short wwele, M in 
Hebrew a»l An^ic, a second ; tbe nasal 8>< 
pirates and vocalisation of the older Pemian, a 
diifd', TJie EthiepiOf a fourth instane^ brings 
tUa dtHm to a late period ; andy if further 
oonfiramtisn be wanting, it is fenad not only 
in sMsjibnttiagtheealBegBplesn^baeiaofthe 
OHwifonn sharacter, bat also, and mere at^ 
den&tbly, in the unqwesiionable evidence of 
tii« Sanecrti iisdf; where, not only in. the 
case adduced by Dr. Wafe, baecantinnally, the 
long vowd does not give vocaUty to the eon' 
soDiuit !t fdlows, but preserves tts own somid 
p«rfet:t)y distinct ttvm tiio short vocalic pro- 
duced by the utterance of the foregoiag ewi- 
sonant. 

If Dr. Wale had reeoUacted tiie passage to 
which we have reCerred rejecting the Syrias 
aljAahatle inventien, he might have added to the 
argument adduced from Nieephoms, Am fast, 
that the Ethiopia alphabet waa latber a le 
stor a tioB thaa an iaveniien. But we entirely 
comdde hi his opinion of Ae great mistake 
of AbeTKemosat, and, truth, we oiuoelvea 
look upnn die baaia aasnmed by tAe latter as the 
fundamental error that pervades his Dissarta. 
tien on tin Vartae Bialssts,'* and pespetaaUy 
csHbarmMn Ue cmiclortons^ The dtednctlmi 
of conamailC anf vowel U cleartf a reGnement, 
fee ie must ha»e sooeeeded the earliest uttar> 
anee and shnpfe recognition of both sounib. 

We mustr consequently, dissent entirely from 
the opiaisn <rf M. Bicheilf, tha«, in tha first 
instance, ttta perftictfon sf t&tf oi^puis taid their 
aatrene ddicaey permitted » crowd of varisd 
inflnions, Impereeptible at the present day; 
the vowels, in their sonorous mnduhiUtHi,. being 
the spontaneous cries of the soul, whilr the 
more Arm and articalate consoniuits cbaraC' 
terieed adea^ itnprestion, and aiarked) thought 
by a liogle trait. 



NotwithstandiB^ ewr oecMlonal agreement 
with Dr. Wale, and tliepraieewehave bestowed 
apon a portion ef his Essay, we must observe, 
that there ara many important points tooehed 
npon to vhiek he does not app a u te have given 
soAcieiit consideration. We cmnmnndotmuid 
- AanMeasity of presuming the Sanscrit to be de- 
rived from tb* Abyssinian, merdybecanse there 
was a eommnniatien between the two eoontries 
in the, sixtit century of the ChriKian era. The 
cananonicatien between England and tbe United 
States oemea down far later, yet En^^nnd and 
the En^Mi alphabet are not derived fnnn 
AxsesicB. To Oriental sdw h w, whom we pre. 
snme Dr. Wale addrse s s r , the commnnicMion 
in questian, long before tbe tfane ef the Cafiph 
Omar, is bntiliany known, and does not require 
the evidence ef twojmges from Af«ntfut(;on to 
establish it new. ?for is there any force in th^ 
a ssertion that no alphabet con h9prvv*d to he ori- 
ginal, Ibr dds pnwf is dearly an ImpfMsihiKtyin 
ilsdf. His dresk origin for die Egyptian alpha- 
bet is at letntanutinfr, if not novel. His asser- 
tion of the eondform Persiso, as Syriatt letters, 
is confdent, if not satisfactory; and the cause 
assigned for the mfenbuKdmut of Sanscrit 
letters is not only new, hat likely to remssn so. 
What it meant by tbe Indian nnti »g no 
aaspte in onjr Ariatic orHfin^ Csr sylUbles be- 
ginning with a vowd, **Um none of the She- 
mMc class tford an exmnple" of it, we do not 
attempt to eenprehend. Were there none bnt 
Shemnle hngnages in Asia twelve bondred 
yeaia since ? Was there no Oneco-Boctrian 
asverc^nty, nor dphabe* ? No Oreeh alpte< 
hot dMf» for thv casket copy ef AlezMider*a 
Boner * DiA net the ancient Penian piefix a 
vewd to many eonsonants ? Did not the He. 
brew itidf take a form both voeal and aspirate- 
in the same manner ? Or !• this not a She* 
mitie langiM|j« ? And has Dr. Wale even seen 
the inser^tiens of PsrsepoUa ? W« trast that 
bcfoiv be again eaters tha AAcnlt ioM of 
Sanaerlt cMtrevet^, tlie ebvloae marks of sn* 
perfidaHty and incansideratenessy bath as to 
the astronomy and grammar, and net of die 
Br^mins alone, will be erased by Dr. Wale 
from his books. 

Aitiiough we hnve at the very outset ex- 
p r sss e d onr iliiBnt Aem die opening portlett of 
M. EhdiedFV vdnme, we freely grant him aH 
the praise— and this is no trHIe — that his worh ' 
denrvet. Sssed upM» a principle which, even 
if ernmeona, is at least admitted by the far 
larger proportion of scbohne and the most 
emlonit OrlenisAtsn, both of this country and 
dtr Continent, the laboriatt rcssarchee of M. 
Biehdf serve every where te confirm thv pn>- 
pnartlons he has nndcnaken, and by a series Of 
instances evident tO' the simplest eompre- 
hensiank Tv a cenrse ef demonstrntien that 
has reflected immortal honour opon Grimm 
and Bopp, is tnpersdded a general view of Ian* 
gnage Itsdf, and Iu divisionfl into the diffierent 
families of the hnman race, with a care and 
acEBTacy ef arrangenwnt, a d^tk ef thought, 
and a tried perspicuity of detalf and definition', 
that leaves ever after the writer's object and 
views an int^^ portion of the reader's mind. 
The glow of a briffiant fanev illaminattng the 
deeps of sdenee is aided, too, by the charm of 
ar clasdc purity of expression amiost unknown 
to pfaBiilofnr. Often as tike sul^t before as 
Inn fbrmM the theme teamed dissertation, 
we db not remember ever to have met with It 
In snch happy grouping as fill the coramendng 
portion of Dr. Eichoff*s work, and demand for 
It a place in every library. 

Regarding the Hebrew Scriptures as the snte 
infr seand' reeords of man^ enrflnt Unory, 



• Or, 

cacrt 



24 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE. AND 



flVth? A Bingle Tohinw, in a few tublime 
pages, has giran tn a glunpae of this imiMwing 
niyiWrjr ; tmt, canfiiiad to great tnitfaa, it ptxK 
dainu the original unity of natiraa without 
tradng the eatlioe « their Tidaaitudat. 
There, where hiitery is mate and revealed 
tradition haa panaad, what gnide remainB to as 
for this neat interestintf research if not com- 
pu-ative Mhoograpby, which can in some shape 
rcoonstmct the wond as at its birth, by the 
union of geography with the science of ]an- 
gnages (la Mmffm^Hfut), the general more- 
meat of its population ?" 

The ain|Me view of nations and langnagee 
that follows is, as we have already remarked^ so 
full of deamess, parapicuicy, and beaoty, that 
we shall not be surpriied to see it puUiifaed, 
with, indeed, the woole of tlils portion, in a 
separate volmoMf as admir^y wlcolatel for 
every library and taUa where knowledge is d«> 
sirable in ber moatgfacefulfonn. Onelbetwy, 
doubtless, Is as good as another, where all are 
so question^ly supported ; but we must con- 
fess, nerertheleas, that we d<i not see how an 
Indo-Persian race could have formed " that 
ethnognphical tribe cradled in the lovdy and 
smiling valley of Cashmere;" a bet we om- 
sider more than apocryphal: but It is only 
doing justice to U. Eichoff to notioe how 
fmoibly, adopting this point as the common 
centre, he haa urown off, like radii, the di- 
▼eiging races that, from the land of their birtli 
plaos, traversed Asia and £arope, the isbnds 
of the East and the West, to people the earth 
and toetfjoyit. 

We must, hovevtr, olgeot, and fiimully, to 
tht> applicadon of toe term Indian for the 
Stiiiacrit language, even if we grant, as a matter 
of general bellrtT, that this andent tongue is 
really the origin^ of Hindoetan. This fertile 
source of controversy is not the point of our 
objection; but, tilt it can be shewn demon- 
atruively that the ftct is so, wo auMt Ofjftm a 
nomenclature that has no basis, but, philo* 
sophically speaking, of assumption ; and that 
discards the reco^oised forms and terms of 
sdence <hi this head, to introduce an arbi- 
trary appellation in a novel and owtradictory 
sense to iu received usage, thereby oonfnsing 
by science what sdenoa woitU strive to simplify. 
0» what ground can the Sanscrit be more 
Indian, par eMtlUnet^ than the Tamul^ 
language pronounced by the hi^iest living 
authority for the former, and assuredly one of 
its warmest, but at the same time, wisest ad- 
vocates (Professor Wilson), to be of quite 
equal antiquity with tiie Sanscrit, and essen- 
tially different fnnn it P If H. Ekhoff cannot 
prove that this last perfect language haa given 
tiio to the imperfsct, instead of heug Improved 
from some, or all of them, as seems most 
natural, what right can he have to talu their 
proper denomlnMi<m to designate this one ? 
And is not the twm Sanscrit aa wdl, or rather 
iuAnitely better understood, and a more ap- 
propriate epithet for that po-fected tongue, 
than tlie vague generality implied by the word 
Indian? Would the learned writer inflict 
upon us a second confusiwi like that already 
exiiiiog, and bewildering philologists in the 
term Ptrtiattf used to designate at once the 
generic and the tpee^., and often also two in- 
Aviduals of tbislatterdasB into the bargain— the 
Parti and the Pgnkt at they are sometimes 
ealled ? Is the Hebrew, we wtmld adc, Indian ? 
is the Pali, Indian ? Vet do not these enter 
deeply into the compoutimi of the Sanscrit ? to 
say nothing of affinities with the Chinese. 
Why, then, should M. Eichoff endeavonr to 
Mimr a oom^iK and genetla denominiittfln 



simple, in order to consider rimpf* that which 
calls itself compound 9 

It is this disposition to prefer <nie particular 
system that lends U. Emkm^, wa omerive, to 
affirm so cotifideaUy that the warifke Persians 
wrote in the arrow-head eharaoter befwe they 
had a special al^abet. This is a p4rfnt that 
cannot be taken for granted ; we luu>w the 
cuneiform to be as old as the Persian invasion 
of Scytliia ; it may be ranch older t but whence 
came the reputed Greek characters added at 
the siege nI Troy ? If U. Eichoff will ex- 
amine, he will find them to be Persian. And 
this simple bet shews the danger of taking 
possibilities for certainties. 

Another assertion, not less confident, nor 
lees unfortunate, is that the Oreelu took 
their alphabet from Pbooidan, or Chaldean. 
New, whence oonea the Chakiean alphabet? 
A glaitce at several of Its focms shews them 
eoDtraeted from the arrow-head diaraoter, and 
not throogli Phtenidan (ff Samaritan medium 
How, according to our author's theory, is this 
possible ? The fact is the more striking from 
M. Eiohoff*a own remark, that, " in spite of 
the Indian origin of nearly all the European 
timgnes, their fitat written alph^iet was the 
Phcenictan or Hdwew." A salutary aoepticism 
would surely have doubted, or looked further, 
if only from this cme statement. 

The errors of learning are a thanltleu, though 
necessary, task for the critic; and we turn 
fnmi these oversights, the result of receiving 
blindly the rdgningimposdbilities of opinion, to 
a general view of our anthor*a object. This, as 
he states it himself. Is to attati. a view of the 
origin^ or radkal forms of words, so that eta- 
dents of various tongues may have their labours 
rimpUfied by seeing at a dance the affinities of 
wonds and languages. We are happy to say 
that this labMious, but useful, task is performed 
moat satisfactorily by the method ad<q>ted ; and 
stKNigiy recommend M> l£idioff*8 wotk as 
equally instmetivo and entertaining in both 
the gnieralf or l^ler, and the adenti fic pw- 
tioiu.— A im pniae. 



romantic district, Dovedale, not more than two 
or three miles from his abode. The mwniog 
was fine, and we had an ass to carry the pro- 
vidons. We proceeded by the way of Okoover 
Hall, and I was treated with a right of tiiat 
exquisite painting, the Madona by Raphael. 
In our walk, the must beautiful spots were 
pointed otft by the bard. When we lolled 
round our table-doth, spread upon a luxuriant 
bank by the murmnriog Dove, it was delightful 
to hear the tone of hia voice. He fdt inspired 
amid the scenery, and, having passed the live- 
long day, we left the happy valley with reluct- 
ance, to stroll home in the evening. The nest 
morning I was shewn Into the library, and 
while there, a letter came from Mr. J^rey, 
complimenting him upon the learned review of 
the Fathers which he had written for the 
* Edinburah Review.' So much erudition was 
displayed in that artide, that the editor sent 
him a oorto UsMAe, pressing him to duMise his 
own subject, and he should not be surprised if 
his next communication was a learned disquld- 
tion on astronomy. He put into my hands a 
MS. book, in the handwriting of Lord l^ron, 
a memorial of his eztraordiiuu^ Ufe. I had 
scarcely feasted my eyes many seoanda, when a 
carriage drove np full of ladles, to make a 
morning call. He said, ' I must take this book 
from you, I dare not let it lie about.* It was 
instantly put under lock and key." 

We do not think Moore will feel compli. 
mented by haring the authorship of '* The 
Woodpecker" attributed to him. 



Mtme imd Fvienit, 
CSfegndnotkc] 

Amid the inftox of new publications, we shall 
only ratum to tills woric to give one extraot 
from the second volume. 

" In the summer I paid a virit to Mr. Ana- 
oreon Moore, when be redded at Mayfidd 
Cottage, Deibysliire. He met me at the 
bridgfbfeot, where I alighted from tbeooach, a 
little beyond Ashboam, and took me a near 
way ow the fiddi. When wo camo to the 
top of the hill which nommanded a view of the 
spangled vale bdow, I etdaimed, 

■ I can Idit by tbu (RKdw that ■OfnnsfUlrcntli 

Above tbe grND elnu, thst youi ootugt U near r 

He was pleased with the quotation (the well- 
known smg of ^ The Woodpedter*), and we 
stopped a few minutes to survey the richness 
of the landscape. On arriving, it was deli^t- 
ful to be welcomed by his graceful wife, who 
WAS assiduous in entertaining her company. 
The condition imposed upon his visitors was to 
tarry with him only a oertain number of days, 
iiaving but one spare nest, whldi was to re- 
odve another bl A the moment the former had 
flown. Another stipulation was, that Imme- 
diately after breakfast he should be left alone 
till within an hour of dinner ; he was then 
devoted to you for the remainder of the day. 
As he was desirous of shewing me the oountry, 
he broke through his phui, and formed a pic- 
nic party, with a neighbouring family, for the 
next day. Ub t^^Ki was to shew me the 



MISCELLANEOUS. 
Tht Serap'Boek; Af oral and SeHptotu. Br- 
traett from etteemtd Engtith Authort. By 
Charles Woodfall. Pp. 380. London, W. 
Ball and Co., Hatehard and Son, Nisbet and 
Co. ; Edinburgh, Jduutone ; Dublin, Curry 
and Co. 

We are wdl pleased 10 aeetiw name of Wood- 
fall, so wdl known and mudi respected In our 
literature, attadied to a selection like the pre- 
sent, which does so much credit to the feding 
and judgment of the sdector. We think there 
must be nearly a hundred exodientlv chosen 
passages frmn the finest llghu in the beantiful 
drde of our sacred writers. 
Tht Mtnageries. Tht Natural Ilutorff q^ 

Monkeyt, Opottuma, and Lemun. 2 vols. 

Vd. I. Pp. 443. London, 163G. Knight. 
A VOLUME, under the auspices of "the Sodety 
for the Diffusion of Entertaining Knowlei^,'* 
and contains popular accounts of nineteen of 
the curious creatures belonging to the monkey 
tribes, with woodcuts of tlwir half-human 
varieties. 

M Um WgUt, PtfULmtdU. iLoMloa. J. Thomas; 
W. Snllh t Sanddn sad Co.) - WMIt Lane's admlnhls 
cdltlanorthswIaiBoiutBlciarsHiiiclhnaghIhe pnm, 
the edtiMS of the pteMBt putt nvs UMOgu it a good 
tins to fadnf out the oM tnt in ■ ches|t lom with notes. 
S&.bv M.O. Hoir BuaMy.aad anitavtai^ from the designs 
otR.SmtAa. Price U the mat raoanuneadattai. 

ThtSptrtingOteime, Ko. 7. (Londoii. Adumuan.) — 
Tba SpoTtKMD, No. L. New Sedea^The Ant of thtae 
exhibit* s «pHt batwara Nincod aad Us old <*Hnu la Ow 
" Old SpcwUng **T°"i" aad the " N«w Sporting 
Magulae;~ agaiim both of whom he d ls diar g ta ■ tattling 
ibot fnim hit weU-diar^ fewUnc-plsCK The levlew 
then takca up the uiual wocttng ■wttfwta. and treati than 
with diligence in the collectkm oTintsUigence and gpint 
In other pam. " TheSpoctMun'* ta anew ttart with a 
periodical of tome ttaodliig. with the bcmw eowtte of 
wUA we are vtn litUs aoqualated. It has two nice 

TU AMwrf MvuSw, M. l.-^UMiBtaad to the 
iKikulttit^^sMa, aad c onMaing sccog Bts of cattta 
tnows. bupsofsuicBlt la nwcti hiarit nsssdlBWt fsnalBet 
te. ltii&wstmaklntiwterim,aod«eluMwttttlBar 

Iti pncnrtoii. 

TA* Brib AmtmbUe h another and timilar break, la a 
twiet flikb haa reached ten volames; all aboal Iwhiana. 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES 



25 



Vr^t DieHomnf oj AtU, lOum/kcttmi, <Md Mtma, 
i^trt V. (London, Longtnwisnd Co.)— Thovalu«ofthi( 
wofk hKiMMt with •very tmblkation. Thb Put tmU 
frf ioU, nan*, flu. fomding, gw, glaM-mdting, ud 
otbct iropoitaat brancbM of Induatiy. 

TV Popular C^tlep^t^, TiW. Vt. Part II. IGluMW, 
BlMkie and Son.) — Thh populn work ii drsMing 
towanlf iu eloM. Th« pnMntnrt eonUlM from "Sun- 
dlml " to " Warre," and concludei the ilxth Tolune; 

JtfHnum'f anM«n QrOiWon, Fof. X. (Loodon, HuiraT.) 

— Mr. HUnm luMiiIrnoit tanniBMadhialataMBa. Two 
voJuiiM mm, and we ihall ban Um mm connlMa 
•diUon of Glbban yet nublUbed. 

The Cm«w «n/ IV'Mmi » ITaMer &oM, *r. 4e. 
Pp.904. (LwMloa.OrraBdCa.>— AnnltUudeorauel- 
Icnl pBHifM lelcctad fcom Seotfi Vorkai tiut. ai wu 
mM of the " Bnutle* of Shakipere," when ate the net ? 

Mtk'* aMndanl Lttrny. iLottdon, W. Smith.) ~ In 
an eigbtMnpetiiiy octavo, we haTe " Raul and Vti^nJai" 
aod Madame Cottin'i ElUabeth" and the iDterertlng 
" Life of Colooel Motdilnioii" Id one at half««Towii. 
They ate neatly printed In douMa cohunnt. Tbii ii 
tfuly canytog out the ntlnctpla of cbcamM*. 

Bentlaii't Standard Ubram i^Populv MDdtm LUeratw. 

— Bmllti^* SCondartf Novelt, Ko, LXXIl WaihingtoD 

IiTi^'* "AHOTia" to a dtigle volume, and Bulwet** 
" Laat Day* of PompeU, ~ deaerre eadi the public 

■ thaoJu. A portrait of Irving adorm the ooe, and a 
fhmtinleee and cxeellent vlKMlte the other. The od- 
glMl Van AiBlMi|h 1* here aeen to (Haucu*. 

JehnSMrek'^ZM K'tr^.fc. Pp.36. (London, Ward 
and Co.)— A dluenitof panjiihlet. the gbt of whtah ii to 
argue that nie Church of Eii^andlotMBofe touli than 
it laTaa. 

PMfaMM'* CotmepdUan, FUUfMl, and SIMMaU JU- 
e<Mc Part L pp. 39; iLsndon, WUey and Putnam.l 

— A new politkal psiodlcal. whldi takee a high and 
anthorltatiTe tone on quntlam of Eorelfn policy. It U 
of free prlodplte, and a* we are not competent to lay 
what weight Ii due to iu •tatemenli, we ahall content 
ountlvti with obaerrtng that lu vtewi are. In many 
I nrt a n cea , mote compiehenelve am^iKtaiaal than thoee 
ID which we are aoeaatomed to the uniaTonaB* of putdk 
optoton. 

mm tt ^ Wur amimg$t (he Kathm ^r',v .-we !':.^<idt 

awtNeieftufAffatM, ^D. Wbcclri. J'|n. '^]. lLhi Un, 
Hnvey and Datlon.)— Wbatha Europe ejul itkc Uoltad 
SlatM han done note food to U.tlma racea by tbelr 
attempUiodTlHeaaadCluUdaniM lbBB,««*El,bTUM 
eonunnniaUnB of tIW dlieaN. tb* uat nf ardent iptrita 
■Bd othet demoralUng mean*, U a r..i,-'.<i->ii ii kiiii1<1 be 
riUBcuIt to dctermlDe. We are mv < i<l ;i< In It-.-ve 
tbu the balttce of 111 Rrcatly prepbodaaieh l Um iiitle 
pampUH, extracted from tbe writing* of •■ A Mtobter 
of the Sodetv of Frienda," aflbrdi mdmcholy pioof of 
the cDnttonal and &ta] tntrodnctioD of tbaae cur*** 
amoog the natlvaa of the regloM deiigiuited t and we are 
not MTpelMd to Pnd that American temperance ihiiw are 
the matt active to the cruet tnfllc. 

Mr. a. Mwim, jtim — Faptn en JrOtlltettirt. Pp. 40. 
Tbeaectevei cMay* ate brought together from "Loudon'* 
Ardtltectoral Magailne." which, we belteie, flnithei with 
tlib month. They well dcierre the atttntlon of the 
nKUtectnral atadaoL 

n* riem^t DneM. U. (Londea, Whlttaket 
nd Co. Mtomc and, doggerel tiaih. about the lata gonni- 
■BottoCaaada. 

KMrm UaammMm, ife. No: II. ILoadOB, PaAv.t- 
Hardly ao waDKlMeen aa the aitidM In the flnt ntnate 
(ace our Na, IIM), but *tlll wait deNivtog of a place 
among cutiona worki of adencK 

Btmtft <M Me MMt ImporMnf INeeaM* qf Womm, by 
RrtbMtFerguioo.M.D.&c. Pp.U9l. (London. Murray.) 
—The aMe profamoe of obitetiic medlctoe and dlnaiea of 
wooten and chOdren to^ng-i Co»^, Loodon. hM here 
given the pnblic >t large tbe advHitage of hli idence and 
cxpeilaice. Thu volume tmu of puerperal fevar, and 
taofUgb and iQter«tin«char«cter. Dr. Farguaon'i lee- 
vm, on (qwning tbe media) claam to Octooer ISSt, ia 
ndded to Uie pubUcatfao, whkh we cooaiiler to be one of 
gnat value; 

ite Mtyumm ^Oiatktnf and tw^Mhut In MMdtu, 
br the AuAot of tbe " ntOoeopby of Living." With 
fiem. by W. Wi%ht, Svgaon-Auibt, AeT Pp. ssa 
(Lgadaa, J. S. Hpdioni rainborgb. Black t DnbUn, 
FiBBntoaadOoL>_Tkaarlgtoal«ailtofDr.CalabTlckBor 
of Nov YoA. aid a varv aauOia and pfanaBt csMuie 
of mm pactkn e4ikh daaply aSba ihtArai Uveata 

OfMKMy. 

The . tmn ml JttgUler, i^Jbr 1837- {Looaaa, Rlvliw- 
Ion, and aU other Boduellen.)— Thli uaeful volume 
pursue* lU qnlet aNuae. and collect* nil the uiual matten 
lor nArenoe now and hereafter, 

ThtyiaainSiagat1m»,K^l.,JI..ni.,IV. (London, 
TyBi.1— A cheqi, UUlB,monthlypubUcatk»,of whichwe 
have already expreued a favourable optolon i— not fot- 
Cetlnd by the niccaedtog Numbet*. 
jnhettMdMT* 0*Mm Ubrary ^VttfV TrttU, XXXI. 
(Edinburgh, Clark: London. ShnpUn and Mai«halL>— 
Thi* nkenittle work gee* on very hithfDllv. Ttia pie- 
MDtJ^ I* tbe flm ofa ptatkwopMcal aerka, and give* u* 
AwAn**! BKnyih 

ne «w«M Brnilur, by W. H. Logan. Pp. ISi 
lEdtobntjrii, Ptaair and Cnwftxd : Loodoa, Waih- 
boume; lluHto, Curry, Jan., and Co.) — A brief but 
dear expeaiUon of the eyitm of beirittH In Scotland, 
where haaklog ha« bean pnciited wtth ao much bancfli 
to the piO|ito and the ooeatry. Mr. Logan la mi ax- 
pMlmd aiid pnetkal nut «Dd hh ttitiebaafcsTay 



uieful oat. We i^ioice to obaNva that a Ouik, to be 
conducted on the tame principle*, I* hiat aonouneed to be 
fonned In London, with a caplul of 9jm/m., and a 
meet atWhetory list of director*. 



ARTS AND BOIBMOBB. 

•OCISTT or AXTS. 

Mr. Aixiir *On Bona and its Utaa (n t1i« 
Arta ;* No. 2. Tbe Hontaiy eommencod ihia^ 
hit Mcond leecnre on the nme nibject, liy • faw 
intiodiicttny ramiub n » Btrninuiry of the laat ; 
ha then prooveded to ohaeire that uia acrnpingB, 
■ha¥ingi, or uw-dtut of bone ii en nrtfcia which 
bears n good price in the market, being nrach 
nied by paatry^oooks and others aa ■ material 
for jelly, which it readily gtvei oat to boiling 
water. The Jellr thus prodnced ia probably 
qnite as good as tbat from calf *• foot ; and the 
shavings, 'wben dry, bare tbe adrantage over 
calf's foot, uf not suffering any diange by keep- 
ing. On the subject of bona mannre, Mr. 
Aildn sutcd that it had of late years attracted, 
in a vary partieolar degree, the attention of the 
English farmar. Booea are eolleetad In the 
streetn t4 London and other great towns, and 
after being sorted, thnea that are not required 
for other purposes are used as manure. Jn the 
Thamea, above London Bridge, may always be 
aeen a Csw sloops and cutters, chiefly from Hnll, 
whli^ an oooupied in this trade ; thev take the 
bonei on board generally in anore or mm putrid 
state, and stow them In balk in ^ hdd. Here 
they soon begin to fecrocBt, gMngoot an odonr 
by which the bona ships are detected at a con. 
siderable distance ; and when the cam ia dis- 
charged at Hull, it is frequently rawing and 
making bet framdeoonipodtion. ThiapnbaUy 
soffetna tbe teztoia of tbe booei, and renders 
them more easy to be cruthad in the mill through 
which tbay an passed, previous to disposing of 
them to the farmers. They an employed chiefly 
in two ways, either as a top dreoiDg to grass 
land, or are drilled with turnip seed, the planu 
from whioh, under the stlqnilating effeoa of 
this pownfiU mannte, qniekly paaa through 
their first stage Into the rough leaf; and thus, 
In a great measnn, avoid the attacks of the fly 
and other insects, by which yoong turnip plants 
of tardy growth are often entirely cut off. 
We pass to another brandi of the snbject, 
mora sdentifie. The four simple sulwtanoes uf 
which' tbe animal matter of bone is composed, 
are carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen ; 
and of those, the three latter, when in an nn- 
ombined atata, and at the usual temperature 
and atmospheric pressure, are in the form of 
gas. Now and then it happens tbat three 
substances, baUtiuUy gaseons, are oomblned 
with one' naturally solid, and when these fear 
■ubatanoes an likewlae esfwble of uniting 
together by twoa and thraea, or^ in other 
words, of forming binary and ternary oom- 
potmds, the attraction tliat holds together all 
the I four is easily disturbed by a moderate 
Increase of temperature, in oonuqnence of 
whidi, tbe same elementa, by arranging them- 
selves dtffsraatly, ptodnoe two or nme diftrent 
Bubstanosf. This la the eaae in the present 
instance. On exposing bone shRvinga even to a 
lamp heat, they are observed immediatriy to 
become blade ; shewing that the new com- 
pounds, whioh an tbe mult of this dacompoai- 
tion, an not capable of oombining with the 
wbola of the earbon, but tiiat pen renins In 
the state of charcoal, intimatdy mixed with tbe 
earthy mattw. This mlztan goes by the 
name of bone-black, or animal diarcoaL Part 
of the carbon combines with part of the oxygen, 
and forms carbonic acid ; while part of the 
bydrogan and part of the nitragen produce 
nmBoaia; thtCRrb(nnndtlwanaMniia,astbej 



are formed, oomUne and prodnoa carbonate uf 
ammonia ; whidi, tlierefore, is another of the 
useful substances resulting from the deoom- 
posIUon of bone. Part of the oxygen and hy. 
dnwen oombine and prodooa water t and part 
of ue OKwn, hydrogen, and eubon, bf earn- 
bining, prodnee a vontlle all, of a atnmg and 
peculiar odour, which goes by die name of ani- 
mal oil. The remainder of the carbon and hy> 
drogen, with probably some nitrogen, oombine 
and piodace an inflammable gas. Thus the 
daooraporition of the sii^e stibstance, boue, 
produces five new eubatanws,— n amely, animal 
charooal, carbonnto of ammonia, animal oil, 
water, and an inflammable gaa. We might 
pnrtue Aeae Interesting reseuvbes further did 
our space permit. It has, in conclusion, been 
shewn tbat bone contains a considerable quan- 
tity of valuable nutriment (this chiefly in the 
hut leotun) ; tbat, in lu entlra sute, it la 
applicable to a variety of useful purposes ; that 
the worker in sted employs it for case-hard- 
ening inialt and delicate articles ; ^t, in pro- 
portion to its weight, it is tbe most valuable 
and active of all mariUres ; that, in the absence 
<rf other eombuatiblea, it may be, and is, lately 
used as fuel in the plains of Tartary and South 
America t that, by its deoompadtion In close 
vessels, it prodiieea hartshorn, ammmiia, and 
animal ehareoal; and that, when burnt to 
ashes, it- becomes useful to the assayer, fur- 
nishee a valuable polishing powder, and is tbe 
material from wfaldi phoqAiorus, that curious 
and interesting substance, the moat combustible 
of all solids, is prodnced. Upon the whole of 
dwsa heads we^ (tfeouiaa. In onr report of this 
able leetnn, have no room to dltate. 

OEOLO0ICAL SOCIETT. 

JAViTAaT 9. Mr. Whewell, president, in the 
chair. — Daring the late dlscutsious in Paris 
respecdng the Stonesfield fossils, one of the 
argnmenu Iterated by M. do Blalnville, in fii- 
▼our of their sanrian nature, was founded on 
the supposed existence, In America, of n fossil 
reptile with double fangs, and named by Dr. 
Harian, BtuilotaurvM. In our notice uf tbe 
memoir read before the Geological Sodety on 
the 19th of December, It Is suted, that Mr. 
Owen withheld his consent to the validity of 
M. de Blalnville'a 'argument tmtti tiie natura of 
these remains waa better known. Since that 
meeting, Dr. Harian has arrived in London, 
and with a right scientific spirit and lore of 
truth, he has not only pomitted Mr. Owen to 
have tbe original spedmens In bis possesaion, 
but has allowed him to slice some of the teeth 
for microscopic investigation. Dr. Harian read 
a noika of the discovery of dMftasUs; aadHr« 
Owen, an daborate paper on their anatomical 
stmcture. Of tbe first wa shall give a note 
next week. Mr, Owen oommenced Ms me- 
mdr by alluding to the frequent reference of 
M. de Blalnville to the basUoaanms in support 
of the supposed saurian natnraof thaStoneefield 
foadls, and his own tuwUllngncaa to admit the 
validity of the argntnont till tbe teeth of the 
fonil had been re-ezamlned, with an espedal 
view 'to thdr alleged mode of implanutiun. 
He than mentioned the liberal manner in 
wbidi Dr. Harian had permitted him m 
examine the spadnaens brought to England. 
The foUowlnir ia a very britf analysis of the 
anatomical detafb of this important paper i — 
Tbe crowns of the hinder tooth in too npper 
jaw are co m pressed, oUiqndy conical, and con- 
tracted in the middle, so as to give a transverse 
section, somewhat of the houislass form, and 



26 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



crowd ayfWMhw tbe wcket, at lenctU iae«t 
«u4 divid* the root uC Um teeth isto two s«|^ 
rat* luigfc A. IrwvuH MGiioa of a tooth 
toad* th* kwe of tk« ao«a> prtHalod 
lw» Iriigular MimM lob« joiiMd Iw a oacnwi 
neck ovTithimik Fnmthe fomaBa ttnutnre 
of tba efo*n, it ia eridiM that the jtulp waa 
origiaally aiiopla, but kmnb 4inded into two 
pam, £ran vhwh «h» gEOWth oC the irory of 
lb* tooth Manwitri» aa Stan tw* diuiso 
cMtna; aadk «l wUah ia atparatfly MnoauM 
by ewoMlrioMda of growth, th« wiirior «m 
MBdiiig aaacutfr«a^«d futocaw into tha iuh- 
moa nnMag th* two porlttiuk The caritaa 
pulf idUsti ia verf tamU m th« «r«ws oC tha 
tooA, aatiaala aa tb« Cuiga deamtu^ aad ii 
aluuMtoUiMmMd a«ar thair wtraiBitin, piev- 
iag that th* WmK were 4a«oii>yad from a tara- 
pttiarjt Hdifh Xh* aatHior teatk had tingle 
fan p. xka Ww wr Mr. Owau haa bMB 
aU* Id tbukf-^flj in, » plaitar-cast oC a frag- 
maU^ U ODiUaiat tmt teefth»of which tha two 
p o it w ior are aaariy awtigqaaa ; tha aaU haa 
anvatarralofaRinehwidahaU'; andtbaowM 
antaRior> iriiieh ia »f snallar nmt^ is M a. dia. 
tarn «f UMkitudiaa £Nin the pieaading. Thia 
fn^MM eeMfiriM dMeridMM^^faeded by the 
poitioBS ofi th* njfer jaw, tfaat A* teeth tu the 
baailoMunta wera eC twe> kiadai the akteiiev 
beiugaaalier^BorftwnpU in Cmbi* and ntaM 
raiaoia freea aedt other, thau thaaa behind. Ai 
there ia no koamh ioMauee «t elkbar fialk at 
reptile hariegiia teeth iaipihiMBdbgptwe tega 
in. a <e»hle waht, Mb^Ow— HraeiMeA at owee 
le eaamara ih« teeth ef th* iiiiiai—iia viilt 
thoM « the "f*™*"*, whidL moat MMrljt Ke- 
scmblo than ia thoae ze^eetet Amaog herbi- 
vonma cetaceans, the nudana of the manatee 
have two lamf and i c pa r eii ffg^ lodged in 
de^ aecketa, and tba anteobr teetV^^xtB 
dom, pc«MBta fixm e£ tha ccowil enmawbat 
timilar t« that of tha Aautkan fo«aiL; bat 
when parted the grinding auEfeee ia very di&r- 
ent Eram thoiie of beaileaannn, aupporting two 
transvene ciHijaalndgea,and the hinder nohuea 
recede stili fimhee in, hiuing three tcanavnae 
ridgei. The dogoog preuota & a ea fr gBMial 
remsblanse to tba fioaiil in ita nwlas teeth,, the 
anterior oneabaiagaaalliK end more aimpla than 
the poaterior, and tha ooropUcatiBa oCne leMr 
being doe to oucUj chaaaoM Uad eC—dUlo 
tion a» in the baailoaaarna; a-tiwiTane aMtioik 
of tha peatariaK molar prea Blao> an. ^proaeh. tA 
the hoarglan figwe^ la the badt taaik of tha 
dugoDg^ there- ia lifcawiae a taadency to th* 
foKauttioa o£ a doqbla, bng, and tha eitahliih. 
nanA of tm awtaia 4^ ra^atfaw, Ck the caL. 
dgemaatBteaof thftiforf. Xheugh. fllr.Owen 
..cMfiaed hfa «iaiiiari«m eUaftf to the ommk 
miferottfl cUm» yet» ia, fnnteipieniia: of the pw> 
aumed satuiaa naniM ef the feeiil^ he ihew^d 
that the tMth eC the baaiiouanu diffac faem 
dioae of all known aauaiaBft in- thflic moea cask 
plax and vacieua tammt faoat A^moniaam, 
in being im pln n ieA iitdiatiBat letimej. aaA nM 
anahyloMd te tba anbatanoa oCthajaNra; tarn 
the iabthyMMva* and aUthalaeartina aauctay 
in being tmplaDted la diatuict. aoak#ta, and not 
plaaadin,&fl0Bunoneonlinnoua8?roe«n; from the 
plesioaannia and erooodilian aaptilas, ia whiob 
the teeth are in diatbickeocketakiBi tha ftngt not 
being >in^ and eapanding aa. thay' daiaandy 
biit doutwe ianged, dimuriiihiag in aias, aaA 
beoomiug conaelidated by the p ieg Htet iaa dqtOh- 
sititm of dautal aubalanai Crom a tan^rary 
pidp in progMsa of abeocption.. If, theiefone, 
an opinioB had been to be fiMwded upoa tba 
obvioua eeWwial obarainara of the taeth aloiui, 
be ebould baM eondnded that tlie fiawl waa a 
mammifecona- animal id tlie,aiWMDM ordaciB* 



taraaediale to the bevbivereoa and piacWorow 
aectiona of that ofder as it now stands ia the 
CuTierian system. As these aBatoeuata who 
regard tba basiloaannu aa aa eacq^tion aauug 
reptiles. In haniv taalb with twQ fanga, may 
conaider the soHdificatiea of the fangs and the 
abaenceof aamaroua succeaaional teeth aaincao. 
cluaive evideaca of tlie mamntiferoua nature 
of tlie fossil, Mr. Owen had tranvaise s ea tioas 
made of a tooth, t» ascartain whethv the evi- 
deaoeoftheuttinattatnictimofthedaitalaab* 
ataoca Ik the barilesBucaawooU beoDotnidictacy 
to the previoaainfereneca of the mammifenNu 
characters, or give «unulattT«pceofa of th«r cor. 
rectaeas. Mr. Owen first prmiaed that in the 
teeth, of these fishes which are implanted in dia.. 
tinctaochets, theeaaduUary canal sareataaaged in 
'a baautifulretkulate manner extwding thnnigh 
the «Uir« substance of the tooth i that in the 
ichlhyaiurM and crocodile^ the oaldgerooa 
tubnli tadiate frees a simple ceutsal pulp, te 
every part of the ctrcumfaraace, and that the 
crown of tha tooth is covered with- enamel, bat 
the pact plaecd in the alveolua. ia saraounded 
by a thick certiaal sabstanoe ; tluit. ia the dol- 
phin the crewa ia eovered with enamel, and 
the inaeited besa with cas m e ntam t that ia Am 
cachalot and dagongtfaanihola of the estariM: 
of the tooth ia covwed with, eamentam, tea- 
rersed in the bitter by nuraecooa fiaie tubes 
clostly aggregated, aad giriog o£E numeanua 
braaabea, tba ptrtui^an OBiipnaeles^ w csUav 
being i caHe r ad ia tha iaCarspaeea of tha tabes 
which base and thaea oaoHniinioata witk the 
Una cak^aroiM tnbea of theiaory. In.afiae 
seaim. eta xocA of tlie>faMilosiatruB„ taken 
fitoai about the middle of ther eapoaed crown, 
flf E. Owen Iband Uiat tha tooth is ini<eated by 
a layer of cMmentum, and. not enamel;, and 
that itpraaenra thaaame microaomic chaaaolkn 
as the OMnattnaa of tha eaown w tha tooth of 
thaduguog.. ZheeiUir«'aiilMtaMBorth»inH7 
of the tooth conaiata of fine oaloigerona tuber, 
radiating firom dw centre' of euh lobe, and 
Iwithoot any mixtuce of oiarsar medullaey 
tt^Ma.^ Thay preaent a regular undulating 
oDuae, and, likaj the oalaigeeoae tubes a£ du- 
dagoiig, exhibit moat plain^ the primary dii> 
'chotemus bifurcationa,. and the auboedtnata 
Utand branohea,. wbiekare given aXmb aente 
jan^Bfc Upon the wh(de,,tfae mioniacepic oha> 
Taotere <tf tbe texture of the teetli of ^ baaiv 
losaunis are atrictly nf a mammiferoua untura ; 
and oonfirm die infersnoe leapecting tfae'poaition 
of the fossil in theneturaLsyatemdrawaiftnmtbe 
euemala^wct of the teeth. Mr.Owentbenpro. 
caaded tauew that ia the original aeparatiaB and 
aubaeqnona union oC tha apipfayaeBl lomiiue of 
the large vartehia, tba finil alao indicataa a abai. 
raclar. of the beBbiranHia cetaoea and' mammi- 
ferauB quadnipedfc la the smaller vertebne 
the e^phyaes are wanting ;, and Mr. Owen 
Bgreee with Duk Harlan, in^iiiAmcin^thafe tlWN 
wen «ig{na% three aeparaie pulala of easifi- 
cacioa in the body oftba v a r te bn i,. a dtaraotee 
never obeerved in the lumini e6aanriana, but 
pnost prominently aaumg tboae of die oetaceaoa. 
Mr. Owen drew other ai^punenta ins favour of 
the mammiferoua and oetaoeeua nature of the 
fossil, from tbe gnat cMfmdty of die oanahfor 
tha B^uaL card, and* io numeroua uharaitaM- 
pBsaanted by, the vartehraa. The hidl6watraa> 
tore of tbe lowerjaw-haebeenaddufiadasevi- 
danoe of the aauriau nature of tiie fossils ; but 
it occurs also in the caohalot, and ia, therefore, 
equally good for tlie cetaoeouS' duuacter. Isi 
the oumpreased slmft of tbe Immema, and its 
proportion to the vertebne, the fbeail, ^pron. 
matea tbe tcae oetam>; hut, in tba expansion 
of tbe diaiaL eatianity« and tha Idrai of. tlia 



artrcalar anrface, this hantems stands ainne. 
Lastly, Dr. Harlan having examined with JUr. 
Owen tha seetian ef the teeth, Ceaail aad recent, 
has admitted tha Mn^oia hi finromr of the 
mammifaroHK nature af A* baaflaaaanis f and 
having Baa|ested thepropriety of lie name bc^nff 
changed, Mr. Owen prupoaea to caS the fbsau 
Zygoden, in refercaee Io the p es ter ior mohr 
teeth resembling two simple teeth tied tnge> 
ther. Apaper, <OntheOeolegyaf theVeirii- 
bobrhoed of liaboB, * by Mr. DhnM Stmrpe, 
F>6 was cnnmencrid. 



BttTameai. aoctmiT. 
JaXVakt €. Xt. Gray, pecsfdent, in lie 
chair — Mr. DaaM Ceaper, eacUer, ainimiiiii 
caoedft aner, befiar* Reanrica en dn Dlspar. 
aion ofPIaata b lie Eoriroaa ef Leaden^ aad 
tba Fonnaiieit of Maaa, vMbrtiiir Vkui- 
button of Speciea over LoealTtiea.* Theinetii»- 
politan boteniM «s» caetssnty beaet ef a Ileiw, 
pel haps, net to beeqnaHad ihiTNighvnC the ivhole 
of E ng land. Stineyi8>pa*dailhrlyriAiaeit^- 
deena planta. In Kent, two ipeeiea of enMa 
bawabaen'fiiio^wlidob arvnothond inSarreyf 
viz, Opityt/vtifnm and OpAeft Mwyftssaartei. 
Thb tribe ia nut eoaAned » ^ oaomtee «f 
Sttrrey and Cent in tike Lottion dlacdeC, ae 
m%bc be aa^eeed; they ale»eaaor m Easex 
and Middlean, bat not so-frefaentiy'. Towanb 
Harefield and St. Albans they tmdie their 
appearance- in. grnaC qpaaliliea^ We' be^ fat 

eonbrned countiea of Sorrey and KeM, 
twenty.«ig&t spedee eikt of Airty-«ia Britiel* 
onAideone planes^ die remaNiltag eight being 
mosdy confined rfdter to Ibou or northern 
districtib Nw ia Kent behind haa sister •eonney 
la edier nwv phntl. AWiaa MrmAr, Foig- 
pofpn JtfonipalUtuUraad F. fiittww^ Bi$ph»- 
vatfls iMwideiissaei^ Wvtthi^i&utp&t^int^ I'Whnani. 

ddhjiynpa, Sdvbt prnmieCi, JS^fonyaenia 
niggTy^Pima quaiirifa6^G€nlimnm amamKm^ mi 
Genfiona DnmmondMlkff, may be eaaridtorai Int' 
a Aw of tnam. 



WKBlCO-BOrAinCMT. SOWBTT. 

Imm ordinarji meeting of this anclecy waa brid 
on Wednesdhy last, Gordon 6K1I, E!i(i,,in. the 
chair, and Bier Majesty's acc^tattuu- of the 
patraaaga of die inetieotion< wm amionnved^ 
After the dectfon and admission of new mem- 
bers^ Dr. Sigmond teaumad bis lecture »u tea, 
and gam an elaborate acouiint of the tea plant 
recendy discovered in U'pper Assam, prepared 
in the.J3aat fndies, and uon imported' fisr the 
Snt ifane into this conntry. A apadnoen of the 
lea, a imoud Importatiou,, was loliibiked; but 
the learned pnefteeer saidi that ic wae-not equal 
in quality to that exhibited at the last meeting, 
being a pacbof the tea first importad — the latter 
having been injured in ite voyage; and, oonne- 
iraend^, nnde^gons another fising at Calisutta. 
Xhie acoaa oalr foem iaaecura pattaga, and did 
not affinv dte importauoaof the tratewUoh the 
discovery would open to us with India* Dr. 
Stffoiond mentioned, that the tea Imported bad 
been prepared in its wild and nncuUivated state, 
and waa bdlevedj aldniugli prepared aa a. black 
tea, to be du tea- wfaibll, in China, was made 
Into green tea. The tree was. nevertheless in- 
cwUMtiUy proead- to be the true lea phuitf and 
t)ie dimate and soil uf die tract of country 
where It was found, corresponded iu every 
material particular with tliat of the laigeat and 
beat tea farms in China. — The lectures are to 
be puhlislied at Uie request of the members.— 
At tile conclusion, tea tves made from the ape. 
simen exhibited, and appeared ^^.uneiUile 
iMMHib. Digitized by 



JOURNAL OF THE BEIXBS LETTRES. 



27 



ZOOLOOICAL SOCIETY. 
At the iwial monthly iDMting, a numlier of 
nev Humbert were elected. Tutal reoetpU for 
the p»M year, 14,094/. 3«. 9d. ; toUl cxpeadi- 
ttire for tlie ume jterlod, 13,586/. I2f. lii : ez- 
ccM uf iacume or«r expenditure, 160&/. lOf. Bd. 
The oooneil reported from the medioel tuper- 
Intendont anil head keeper that, from the 
■prtng «f 1S37, though the mortality amottf 
the larger oamivora uMd to be dreadful, not a 
■ingle lien, tifer, or leopard, hat been loit. 
This IraproTonent it, of oourw, owing to the 
attention of tboee whoie duty it Ii to look after 
the health of the anIraaU In aedentifie manner. 
Among the deutlMn iwaotly nad* to the 
miiwaa ii an Indian bud, remarkable for faar- 
iag had «M of i u ^ra aognftad upon ita head. 
The Bpar, in eoow^uenoi of ita ramoTal to a 
part in iriiicli the aopply of arterial blood waa 
greatly incfoaMd, bad grown to aa unnatural 
•hse, and hong doara in ereacentio ihape, pre- 
aeatim a very aingglar appaaranee. A apeei- 
nwn af the wUte bai^ praMBtod to the SocleMr 
by Mr. WiHiaBa,«aB axbibitad by Mr. Varralf, 
in MPder to ihew the large sue aometimea 
attained bytUaapedaa; ita dlmeniiona wer^— 
entire length, six inehea ; dapth, maaaurad 
abant raidw^ between the doraal 6n and the 
extrami^ of cha bead, one loch two Unaa. 



UTSKASr AMD UABKBD. 

BOrXI. ASIATIC BOUSTT. 

JaJf. 6. Froleawr Wilson in the chairwA 
letter by Lieut. Wrilated, of the Indian nary, 
wai read to the meeting, ' On tba Ideniiiy of 
tb« UiBtyariiie WiUiag and Dialect of Job, 
with that atitl mokan by tba lobibitaats of 
Mabrah.* la ihfa letter, laaot. WaUatad nan- 
titraa bis diaooaery of inMrtptlau an tba aouth 
coast of Andwa, in an unknown Aanwter, having 
wiicb tesemblajice to the Abyiainian ; and gave 
bla reasons for euppositig that they eontidned 
the anciaot Uimyaritic language. He obaerred 
that, according to Edilu, tb« fiimyaritic 
loQgtte was spoken at Slahnh ia Ua tiou^ 
and that an Arabic pioverb existed to the Mme 
cfisst eonaomiag Zha£ar, both plaoaa at oe 
gra*t dietanoe from the not where thasa In- 
scription! ware found. M. Fresoel. now in 
Ar^na, baa a servant from diat pan of the 
coautrf , wIms of eourae, apcaks Uie dtaleot, and 
from Ilia mouth ha lias taken down a conaUer- 
able Tocaliulary, tba paradigm of a verb, with 
several aenteiioes, some of which have been pob- 
liahed in the " Journal Asiati^ua." The great 
UimyariUe empire is said by the Arabian bia- 
toriaas to have lasted above 3000 years, to have 
extended lis limiu to India, and to have nom- 
barcd MUdog it* sovereigns the cdabrated qatm 
flfSbaba. One of their laonardis la aup a osad to 
have led an army of 12,000 Arabs into Cbineae 
Twtary, where lh«r eaatigea still remain. 
JUany paiBooe have doubted the exlMenfle irf 
this empiee, bat recent disooreries had ahewn 
that it had been the seat of large and populooa 
dtieot a list of which he had given in bis tra< 
Tale, TaL IL p.440. He also allnded to a wall 
of Uooks of btwn marble> thirty feet in heigbt, 
and carried FOtmd a bill half a ndla in drcum- 
farenci, on a ^ot narked by onr geographers 
as a deiert. Tbia was a matter of muta in- 
tereat; and he waa informed, when on the 
apot, diat wbola dittricu were strewn with 
simdar adifioaa. He then alhidad to the dia- 
florery of laacriptions by Ifr. Cnutendeo at 
Sana, siaular to those which he had liimaelf 
diacovared, and ounchided with a hope that 
aome other offioers of the Indian navy wouM 
follow up the eaampla tiiat had been set before 
Uuai ; in refereoce to whldi be had the m> 



tbority of Sir Jawas Caraae, recently appolntad 
to th« gavarooniif n of Bombay, for stating that 
I he would ba most oappy to aid the view* of the 
j Society in this, or any other oh}*ct that aUght 
conduce to the advanoeroent of oar acquaiat- 
anct wi th the lest known portions of the £aatern 
' world. Professor Wilton read sooaa uoMs, in 
order to shew to A* Society tba atalo of ear 
knowledge wUh regard to the Himyaritic Ian-' 
giiage and character, Il« said that AraUsn 
authors had not unfrequently mentiooad that 
Himyaritio or Homarite inscriptions, and Aat 
siHne had attempted eaplanatioot of thain t wd 
that, howavar vakuleu theaa might ba, and 
many were palpable inventions, the^ at laatf 
indicatad a ciunmandahle curioai^, vbiah might 
in soma cases have been productive of useful 
ranilt* ; at all avetits, the resnlts of their re- 
seart h at ihould not be condeq&ad without ei- 
aminatioo. AI. BOdigar, in the Ottttingaii 
Z^tiduifkt" gm (WO qiaatiBfliia of al^abeia 
not unlike those under conadtrailon, with thsto 
Arabic equivaltnta, taken from MSS. in the 
Royal Library of Berlin, and refarrtd ta othaca 
in the Paris Library^ Profeaaor WUaoo taU 
there was one in the Public Library of Cam- 
bridxa, among the valnaMe cuUectioa of Burck> 
hardt; and that it waa poaalMe tU% vnt awUt 
aiice might be derived from theia aonroas. 
Ha tdwrved that the inieriptloaa fooad by 
Z^t. Wallstfd, thoaa by Mr. Cratteodao at 
Sana, and by Air. Hulton at JQeaa, iv^raed 
suOclently with the Ethiopic eharaetar to war- 
rant tlio belief In a common origin. He 
thought, therefore, that there would be no in- 
Buperahle difficulty in detipharing theaa ia- 
•criptioos, particuuriy if the Himyaritic lan- 
guage he snll apokMi. Insoiptioaa in a rude 
character, in some poinu reaembling thoae of 
tlie south of, Arabia, have been found in the 
north also; and an extensive series of thgea 
found in the Wady '1 Mnkattab, i* engraved 
inthatbirdToluniaof the "Transactions of the 



Koyal Seciaiy of Utmtaia." AU t|iM bad 
been written an tba tub^ prerleaa to 17U 
baa baan oaUeotad b^r Da Saey, and ama pub- 
lished in Pacts in lOOSt riaae wbleh tlia sub. 
jeol aeeme to have diapped, nntll the «s*e- 
very «f lieau WeBalad, and tba labwm ef 
M. FmmmI. vha W nwr In AiaUm and hat 
written aaveral iMsrastlag letaara aa tba aab. 
jeet of Arabian history beCsra the tima af Ma- 
hanuned. In oaa of th«a» lattati, SH. VtasMl 
premises to aaad a graimnar and veaalnJaiy ef 
the Bbayaritta lan gnags. Ua reaMritad that 
forwga ariaatallMa, who, ba waa aakamed w 
say, warn deap In aaak matters long baftna we 
kaair ef tbalr aaietenea, waia «f oalntot that 
these charaMMv were really tboee or iho Himy- 
ariifo l a ngoaaa, and tbal ^ hmgwaga waa 
atUl^tAifn. If AhtweretbecBHStbaMlnaflrip- 
Uaaa ottgbi to ba laadllr tianslataUa; mui, 
until tbia was done, be theogbt It pndiant to 
sospend onr jodgmsnt on tha^r arigin, oz their 
Importance in ooaAnaiaff any blataaiaal oen- 
dttBiena derived fiMos tsaditleMury aourcaa. 
I^ient. Wallsted IImu aatd, Aat in addition 
to what waa Greedy lashbshed, be had found 
inaariptteaa tn albar paru of Arabia, which he 
wauld ^Mctly forward t* tba Soaiaty ? and he 
took tba oppwtanity taatpren bla regsaa thai 
while naucb ir ainie and dingae hack beaa bb 
eurred la aandiag eapedMoaa lata AMat, iba 
aaaab aMva intareatliig aad ofualkp aabiiiian 
Unritoriaa 9t Arabia ahenM bava aaareely 
attempted. Hta own experieaee led bba ta 
bellara dwi the dMkaMea atimihi auah a 
m eawi r e weta graariy ev ui alad t andaawoaM 
he haypy to paa pa ia a detailed plan for earvying 
It iauefibea. 

NW«— At thn (uMect b oaaorthedcqMSt Intertrt both 
■to pbtlolDn aad sMlwit MMsiT. wa havaaaassd Mm aa- 
nexad nednwn ^ time HlmsMUc dHnrtaai t» bt 
nsved ttom the UMcrintloni u NnkulM!tHc4ier. crated 
by lW Wdbted. lAo dcMrvm Aa hMMpisiwfor 
ail t— tl— mi iMwevsriw la IMs inffSm fcartsfr 



ROTAL SOGISTT. 

Mk. LuBsacK ill the chair— On Thnridny 
evening tba msatiags were resumed, after the 
Christmas reoaas. A paper ''On the Law of 
iliunau Mortality,' CBmnuinicated by Ur. 
Hqget, was read. This memoir i« based cm the 
exparieooe of tlteEqaiubla Society. Thapajw 
is divided into tabua subdivided into decades, 
but toeh ia tba IrrMularity, Uiat anion rafw. 
anoe be bad to the dactrina rf pwhaMlitiest no 
great dtpendenoe can be plaoed on it ] allusion 
is likewise mada to the Nortbamptan tahlaa, aa 
well as to the methods of Oompvti and JUiOs. 
Thedecramsntt oflife at every age,it was slatad, 
snpoaed each other with gratt regularity. In 
tlia decade from ten y«an ttf age to twaaty, the 
mortality waa found to be by the Nwthamp. 
ton tables, and ^ by those of the Eqaitable^ 

SOCIXTT or AXTItttJABISS. 

Mr. Hahiltdv, vice-preeidcsat, in the diair. 
-—Air. Rossar exhibited a brass figure of a 
stag, having a strong spike riring from the back, 
in the possession of Air. Wake, of SonUiamptoii, 
found abont sixteen inebce Mow the surface at 
Neveatiag, near Badbridge, Uaali. Mr. Boa- 
ear described it to be part of an andant candle. 
iticL, and ritat the figure must have orighially 
stood on an artificlBl taouttd or other broad bait J 



aa the aha of tba a^ka adapted It to a hM^e aiMl 
weighty tuerj the eartteat caaMcrtHka were 
aot flimiilied with aeriuria, but Um» caadfos 
ware atuek on tpikeai and Mr. H. reforved to 
Aree ftnaer axMUtioaa ef similar artidfla.. 
Nr. Nidtola ooaHaauloated aa aeeeunt of two 
very flae tesselbted paveteeals lately disoavered 
in tbe trldlnlaM and adjelahig rooa af a 
Boman rifa, near BaA,and wUdk wmn fonnd 
sbtfulariy covered with ihtbs af Has.— .A tmr. 
tbar poi«aa af Iba > Life af air Pwer Caraw* 
waa rial, and the reaiilBdar yeetpeaed. 

BOTAIi eOCWTT OT UTIUTUBJI* 
Ok Thursday, tbe minutee ef Aa laet maetlng 
were eeafinaed; aad L«d Cmiagtoak Mr. 
B. Bead CebbeM, aad other mflnbers, efeeted. 
na paper raad wm by Iba Bar. Mr.Ta^- 
aan, awl related t» a very hnpartaat data In 
Egyptian antiquities. An fasariptton atawhad 
to an astroDsndcat hiersglypb aa Ae raof of 
the Mamaanlam. ani aoaftnaed byalibe hia> 
rog lya h and InsoriptlaB aa a eaaawy eaae, d^ 
tanabiee the data ef that eslaWatad buUdbig la 
be of the peried ef Biasnss tbe Great, and 
above IMO years befara the Cfarlstian era. 
But it is Bsora Taliiahls , aa it fixes tbe rising nf 
the star Sophia, or Syriaa (tba di^AlBr),at the 



28 



TflE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



Egyptian calendar, and oommenon ■ jmr of 
305 (not SCO) aaya, at so predse a time as to 
ODable na to determine a certain ptrint of diro- 
nology within the brief space of fonr yean, 
from which many other historical erents may 
with aocnracy be calculated. From the xodiacs 
fipired, and referred to hy Biot, Burton, and 
nUiers, Mr. Tomlioson shenred that tiie Oreeks 
had fflsnged the Egyptian forma to tfaoae we 
now see ; the elder xodlacs having tortofaes, al> 
ligatoTfl^ &c, as rigns. This discovery, If the 
inscription can be entirely depended npon, is of 
great importaace to the Egyptian antltittary. 

LITKllAftT Airs BCIBMYIFIC UKKTIITOS 
roa THE iKSiiiMa wkxk. 

T(M«b»^Ltniu(*n, t r.M.; Horticultnral, 3 f.M.t 
Cliil EngiDeen. 7 p.m. (AmivaMiT)! ElecCrittl. 

rF(Tln«M(iiy. — Sodetycrf'Aru,7)p.H.t Mvdko-BoOni- 
csl, 8 P. M. ( AnDlvmuy) ] Hsdico-Botanlcd Anal*«rMry> 
EkcdoD or Offlcen, ^ 

nuirxlBtr.— Ron) Sodety, 8| r.tLt Antiquaifci, 8 pji> 

Friday.— Royal lutltution. 8| p.m. i Botankil, 8 f.h. 

&Mi«W.— Iu>7>l AslBtlc, S P.M. 



rXHB AKTS. 

THE DAdtTEBOTTPB. 

Parb, eth Jaanuy, 109. 
We hare much pleasure in announcing an im- 
portant disoorery made 1^ M . Dagoem, the 
oelelwated painter of the Dionuns. Thb di«- 
ooverr seems like m prodigy. It diaoonqBrta aU 
the thaorlea of tdeDoa In and optieit and, 
if borne oat, pfomiaaa to imdce a remolion in 
the arte of d^gn. 

M. Dagoorre has dEsoorered a method to fix 
the imagea which are repreMnted at tlw beck 
of a camera obacnra ; so tliat these imagea are 
not the temiNirary reflection of object, but their 
fixed and durable impress, whi^ may bo re< 
moved firom the pnaenoe tk those objects like a 
picture or a:a engraving. 

Let oar readers fimcy the fidelity of the 
image of naitnre figured by the camera obacnra, 
and add to It an action of the sidar raya wbidi 
fixes this image, with all ita gmdatlooa (tf 
lights, shadows, and middle dnts, md diey will 
have an idea of the baantiftit dealgiii, with a 
sight ef which M. Dagnerre hu gratlAed oar 
euriosity. H. Dagueire cannot act on paper; 
he reqnJres a pUte ot polished meul. It was 
on copper that we saw several poinu of the 
Bonlevwds, Pont Marie, and the environs, and 
many other spots, givni with a truth whidi 
Nature iklone can am to her works. M. D»- 
guerre shews you »e plain i^te (tf copper : he 
placea 1% in your presence, in his apparatus, 
and, in three minutes, if there is • bright 
aummeir sun, and a few more, if autumn or 
winter weaken die power of iu beams, he 
takes cmt the mMal and shews it to you, co- 
vered ivith a charming design representing the 
object lowarda whlidi the iqiparatns was turned. 
Nothing remains but a short medianical opera- 
tion — of washing, I believe — and the design, 
whidi haa been Stained in so few moments, 
remains unalterably find, to that the hottest 
«an cinnot destroy it. 

McMn. Arago, Kot, and Von Humboldt, 
have aacWtdnad the reaUtv of tlus discovery, 
nhicli esdted ifaalr admlmBon I andU.Aiuo 
will. In a few day*, make it known to m 
Academy of Sdmoea. 

I iidd some farther particulars. Nature in 
motHMi cannot be r o p r ea o oted, or at least not 
without great dlffloil^, by the mmm In 
i^aastioa. In one of toe views of the Bonle- 
vards, of which I have spoken, all that was 
waUdng or moving does not appear in the de- 
■gn; « two horaes in a backney coach on the 
stand, one uuluckily moved iu liead during the 
riNtt apmthm; iha animal is without a head 



in the design. Trees are very wdl ropre-i 
sentedt but their colour, at It seems, hinders! 
the solar revs from producing their inuge as 
quickly aa that of houses, and other objects of. 
a different colour. This causes a difficulty for : 
landscape, because there is a oertain find point, 
of perfection for trees, and another fm all' 
objects the odours of which are not green. 
The consequence la, that when the houses are ' 
finished, the trees are not, and when the trees ' 
are finisbed, the houses are too much so. I 
Inanimate nature, anliitectnra, are the tri-, 
umph of the apparatus which H. Daguerre means < 
tooallaftwhisownnam^— />a^iier^:]De. Adead! 
spider, seen In the sobr microscope, Is finished) 
with mdi detail in the design, that yon may^ 
study its anaSMny, with or without a magnify*' 
ijig glass, as If it werenatara itself ; not a fibre,! 
not a nerve, but ymi may trace and examine. { 
For a few hnndred francs tmvellers may, pw- 1 
hapi, be soon able to procure M. Daguerre's 
apparatus and bring back views of the finest 
monuments, and of Um most delightful scenery 
of die whole worid. Thn will see how tax their 
pencils and bnubea are from the truth of the 
Daguerotype. Let not the draaghtsman and 
the painter, however, despiUr— the results oh- 
talned by M. Dsguarre are very different from 
th«r works, and, in many cases, cannot be a 
substitute for them. The effecU of this new 
process have some resemUanoe to line engraving 
and EMszotinto, but are mnch nearer to the 
latter : as for truth, they surpau every thing. 

I have spoken of the discovery only as it 
regards art. If what I have heanl is correet, 
M. Daguerre's disoovery tends to nothing less 
than a new theory on an Important branch of 
sdence. M. D. gmenmsly owns that the fint 
idea of his process was given Mm, fifteen years 
ago,byM.NiepB,ofChalcuf4ur^aoiie; butin 
so imperfect a lUtej that It has cost him long 
and persevering labour to attdn the objert. 

H. Oauchebavd. 
[Fnm tbs " Gssetta di riSDM," of Jurnary 9, 1830.] 
Previously to receiving the above, wo had 
written the following paragraph. — S4. L. G. 

NatUTt PaMtd Heriiff. — A French 
Journal contains a mnariuUe aoooant of ex- 
periments with the Camtra iAuidoy the result 
of which Is the exact and actaal preservation oF 
the impressions reflected byjiatonl Images opon 
copper plates. What the process is we are not 
told, but, as far as we understand it, tty expos- 
ing the copper to these reflections, and Imme- 
diately rubbing It over widi a certain material, 
the likeness of whatever is so impressed Is 
retdned with ptofect accuracy. Some dilBcnU 
ties occur where there is motion in the otpjects, 
whether animals, or leaves of trees stirred by 
the wind, £lc; but, if really true, this is a very 
extraordinary discovery for the fine arts. 
Some of oar readers may be aware tiiat, some 
fourteen or fifteen yesra ago. Sir H. Davy and 
other sdentifio men amongst ns, etnnuously 
endeavoured to attain this desideratnm « and 
by means ot nitmU of riher, upon which 
light and shade produced certain effects, seemed 
to have all but aeoomplished their end. It 
was not however oonqilete t for the dianges In 
otdotir were too ennasDent to admit ofperaia- 
nent fixture. We shall be ^ to find the 
Freodi experimenters more success fnl. 



ENOKAVIXO. 

Sir, — Perhaps you will allow an old amateur 
<tf the fine arts, who has, for upwards of forty 
years, endeavoured, by all the means in his 
power, to assiit the OEertiou of British artists^ 



and advanee the reputation of art In this king- 
dom, to offer to the public, through the medium 
of your valuable GazeUe^ a few remarks upon 
the tatU of the present day, with respect to 
engravings. My collection is arranged cfamno- 
hwically — an arrangement whtdi lias the effect 
ofahewlng the state of the art In every year. 
I have been lookinc over It lately, and whib 
prepared to admit the superiority of some few 
productions of the last three or four years. It 
strikes me forcibly that, In a general point of 
view, the art of engraving is not so well tup- 
ported as it was twenty or titirty years ago. I 
ascribe this drcumstaoce to the rage easting 
for pnU§ prints ; nature Is sacrificed in order 
that young ladies may have nice looking tilings 
for theiralbams. I do not think we are defi- 
cient of talent, — indeed, Mr. Doo has Just given 
tu a proof of his surpassing abilities, — but the 
right sort of talent does not receive the encou- 
ragement it deserves. We have no Strange, no 
Woollet — at least, no engravings in the styles 
of these great masters have been given to the 
world ; but wa baVe hosts of fancy Uts sold at 
per doKon, whidi only deserve to be carted away 
as so much rubbish ; and we have also the moat 
channing landscapes to look at, hut, unfortu- 
nately, uiey are like nothing upon the face of 
this earth. In the topograpliioal etignvlngs 
published fbrmeriy, the boUdings had the vf 
pearance of b^ng made of atone or bricks, 
bot now we have buildings of rilk and sa^n, 
trees of vdvet, and skies of a softness and 
brilliancy surpassing those of Italy, above the 
Tower of London and St. Paul's ! For fancy 
subjects, I am surprised that the style of Ber- 
tobszi is not imitated; for that great master la 
certainly unrivaBed for the grace, purity, and 
slm]de eleganoet his treatment »t such sub- 
jeeta ; die horrible taste which prevailed fur a 
time of printing In red mined some of his 
finest historical worlu ; but those who possoM 
proofs in black o( such at bis prudnctions, liave 
perfect traasnres. It is a ^ty that Bartolotai 
did not devote more o£ his attention to a higher 
braneh of art than fancy subjects. I have 
oopiaB of bis Holy Family after Del Sarto— a 
glorioas work of genius ; the divine expression 
of the painter bung perfectly imiuted by (he 
engraver. I think this one of the finest grmips 
of the Udy Family that has ever been pro- 
duced. It is a pity that steel engraving was 
not prodnoed in Bartoh»xi*s timA. Csniline 
Watson, who flourished^ during part of the 
reign of George the Third, contributed some 
splendid things to our treasures of art i her 
" On Earth Peace," after Raffaelle's picture, in 
the collection of the Marqueai of Bute, is an 
exquisite gem. We have more mexsotinto en- 
greviogs now than we had formerly! and In 
this brandi of the art a great tmprovement is 
visible: from Eailom to Cousins, the leap is 
great indeed. It does not appear to me that 
we lack talent; on the contrary, I think ^e 
luve more talent than we ever possessed ; but 
it is not called into play properly. If the 
patrons of art would pve mora encouragement 
than they do to great works, whenever tliey 
are produced, and less tu the trifling things, 
which are cheap, we nhuuld soon observe a 
great improvement in this respect. I will not 
trespass further upon your time, Mr. Editor, 
but leave theae hasty remarks for the con- 
ridention of the niMeaian and gentlemen, upon 
whom the arts dmend for protection. And 
with admiration of the enlightened opinions 
you have ever expressed in your columns of now 
engravings, and the steady 8an>ort you give to 
the cause of art, allow m, to subscribe mndf, 

^ *e?bitized by Coogle 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES 



29 



OHAPHIC SOCriTT. 

The firat meeting of tliia Society, on Wednei- 
day ereningt was an aui)»icioua oonmwnceiiieiit 
of the MniiMk It ma numeroualy attended by 
members and their friend* ; and the treat af- 
forded by the numerona and beautiful works of 
art greatly interested ui. Beside the richly 
fumiflhed folios of dravin(ft contributed by Mr. 
Wiodeis, Mr. Wadmore, and other amateon 
and GoUeotors, there were a foHo of drawings of 
AlpiiM nenery, by Mr. Brockedon; a folio of 
beautirul iketdios, by Mr. George Bammrd, 
made in a recent tour cbiefiy on the coast of 
Genoa; and some fine studies from natnre, by 
Sydney Cooper and by Air. Lanca. But, to us, 
tbe most interesting; set of sketches exhibited 
were thoae by Dr. Holroyd who hasjnst returned 
from his travds in Nulna. Hs ascended the 
Nile to Seonaar, and hu retnmed tram a line 
of route hitherto untraTeDed by an EngUihman. 
and has made drawings of pyramids, temples, 
and ruins of high antiquity ; of costume, arms, 
implements, &c. &&, which wilt grently extend 
our knowledge of countries so liuTe known, and 
of people and ^aoes unknown until I>r< Hd- 
royd** journey, wluch has extended to 3S00 
aufla abOTO Cairo. 

WW. ruBLicATioira. 
A Ntw Serits o/Deitftufor Ornamental Cot- 

tatfei and filku. By P. F. RoUnson, Archl- 

teet, F.A.S. F.0.8. dec. Fifty-abi Fiataa. 

The Landscapes drawn on Stone by J. D. 

Harding and T. Altom. Bohn. 
Iv his prefatory addreu, Mr. Robinson says, 
** My former work on * Rural Architecture* 
having passed through four editions, and 
having been generally received with mueh fa- 
vour, I am induced to publish a mw Mte, 
eonsbting of buildings already executed or now 
in progress. Two of these deiigni arise from 
altereSons made In old buildings; and It may 
be observed, that good effects are frequently 
produced by sucli iterations, at a very mode- 
rate expense, and that ootta^ eapeoially may 
Imb rendeicd attractive by a judicious improve* 
menu of the form, as r^ards doors, windows, 
■nd dihnneys. This, however, requires the 
hand of enerience, and cannot be effected by a 
mere workman. It is like the last touches 
given to a picture by the hand of tbe master, 
and requires ddicacy and fediog in the apvU- 
cation. Tbe ImprovameDt whiob kH laktn 
^iace daring the laat ten years In olir rural 
ardiiteetnre it very evident ; and It is pleasing 
to observe tba Interest whldi this hnmble bnt 
atcraetivB pursuit excites. When good effisct* 
can be produced at a moderate expense, and 
tlie scenery our native country embellished 
by improving the condition of the peasantry, 
the work may be considered truly national." 

The vahie of these pleadng des^s Is mneh 
enhanced by the aoemnpanylng estimates of 
tlie probable cost of erecting tbem. We were 
much amused irith ** the amallesl building in 
whichahumanbeingcouldbeplaoed." Mr.Ro> 
binson says that it might be erected for lOOA, or, 
under fevonraUe circumstaneee, for sosnethlng 
leas. We fear tliere are ihooMnds of human 
Ixdon lu this and the nelgfaboaring island, who 
are uring in buildings in the erection of which 
not a tenth part that sum has been ex. 
pended. But, then, to be sure, they are not 
** flmuncntaL" 



Stnuias, too), pieces, a maidi, cadiueha, and, in 
troth, light music of every kind, abounds in 
this niody amnged vidnme; alioost all tbe 
popular oompoeers of the day have contribaled 
a portion of this varied iome. 
Grand Fanta^for lAtf Piana-forte, introAuinff 
favotmte Ainfrom Hatmn't eekbrattd Optra 
qf " GmUamm TeU." CoBvoakl by S^is- 
mood ThalbMg. D'Aln^e and Co. 
The opera of ('OoiUanne Tdl" la m de- 
servedly admired, and Thai berg so highly ap- 
preciated by every lover of music, that we need 
scarcely say, the best airs of the oom p oser are} 
by the masterly band of the arranger, rendered 
brilliantly effective in this piece. 
Loot eame to our Gals. Song by Miss Rain- 
ftwth — fn Simmtr'i Cat. 8ung by Miss P. 
Hortoa_To the Marrn Greenwood. Sung 
by Itlr. Fra9ser«> The Cup ej Peaee. Sung 
by Miss Rainfortb and Mtss P. Horton. At 
the Theatre Royal, Corent Garden, in tbe 
Opera of " The Foreetera." The Utuic by 
£.T.Ijodar. D*Abnaiiie and Co. 
Iw our aomewhat unfiiyoor^ile notiee fd the 
opera of " The Forestsrs," we mentioned Mr. 
Ixider's moslc as being a pleasant relief to tbe 
general heavlnces of that piay. Judging from 
tbe selection now before us, we may say, they 
will be found equally agreeable for private 
singing. The last-named duettlno, more par- 
ticularly, from its wild Bim]^ioity» must be 
listened to with ddi|^t, what and iriierever it 
laannir. 

A te Canto Anima Bella. Written and Com. 

posed by Guide Sorelli, £sq.; Arranged for 

the Plano>forte by Edward Solomon, Esq. 
A HOST sweet and graoeful cmnposition, but it 
is too short ; another verse would be a deolded 
improvement. We aridom have lo eomiriain of 
not having enoni^it in this case we would hint 
that there Is sufficient room on the wide margin 
for another printed verse. 
Offkptiag Brightoit. Tbe Words \>y Gnido 

Sorelli, Esq.; tbe Undo by Cbaries soloman, 

Eiq. 

Wkoo not admire Hr. Sorelli qnita so much in 
En^Jah ; in trath we are somewhat pnnled to 
find out what the words mean. The music is 
pretty enoa^. 

Oh Aevenlisdma. Words and Melody by Guido 
8i>relli ; Amnged by Charles Soloman, Esq. 
Tbe air of this it pretty, and wall suited to the 
words. 



MUSIC. 

TTui MuncaS Sijou} an Album efMueie and 
Poetr^^for \m. Edited by F. H. Bumey. 
I^AlRudne and Co. 



Theu are no dnmallo noTriUoa tUs w«dt, 
and we have only lo warn oar naden that tbe 
Haynaikat doais in throe daya. 



VARISTIBB. 

H. B — Tbe more rife the political turmoil, 
the moca material for the hnmopr of tbe 
oarioetoriit ; and ao It was not to be eipeeted 
aa tbe meeting of parliament drew near that 
" H. B.'s " pencil would be Idhi. Two novel, 
ties (Nos. fi66 and 7), full of figures, have just 
appeared, and do honour to his scenic efftets. 
Tbe first is *< Another Pe^ into the Play, 
ground." — " You're none ui my child t" 
every body disclslmiug Lord Durham. On 
one side. Lord Melbourne is shouldering him 
off, hacked by the Chanodlor of tbe Exchequer, 
the SecreUr^ of StatOi &c. ; while on the 
other. Roebuck and Alolesworth are ready to 
meet him ; with Wellington, Brougham, Peel, 
and Lyodhurst, looking on In adnairable 
attitudes and singularly drdl ezpreesioo. 
Lord Durham's scowl aakanee at tbe first 
bird Is aho In <^tal style, and forbodes the 
;Confaif Mem. She otbw |leM ie » ** Cwok 



Dinner; Castle Inn, Windsor!" the present 
ministers seated at taUe devouring a large diih 
of " salery," O'Conndl as tbeir driver declaring 
that he would not turn out- On the other 
hand, the imposition are juat entering the door 
from a cold ride, and the landlord, John Bull, 
with the Queen at his elbOw, Is bidding the 
party at table make room fw those .hungry 
traveUm who are waiting for their pUoos. 
There are neariy twenty characters ^ this 
very clever and amusing performance. 

The Aniarotic Expedition.— We rejoice to 
find that progress is mnking in tbe ai'range- 
mants for this interesting expedition, so warmly 
reoooamanded ftom the British Aseoelation at 
Newcastle. The edeattficeaanidttee appirinted 
to that offset have seen Ae government anther^ 
ities, and, we believe, the necessary meesurea 
have been agreed npon. 

MetrepoUtan Literary and SoienHfic Inad- 
tatien — We are well pleased to obswve that a 
liberal and well-arranged institution has been 
epanad, under the above titk^ In that spaeiona 
mandon known by the name of Salvador 
House, Bishopsgate Street. A very brilliant 
and interesting oonveifazioi^ took puce on the 
ocoadon, Thursday, ^e Sd, when Cbalon'i 
original portrait of tbe Queeai, and a portrait 
of Grace Darling, by a north-oountry artist, 
were exhibited by Hr. Hoon. Tbe president, 
Mr. Thos. Bell, ddlveced an excellent addrese 
on the benefits to be derived from such aseocia 
tions, Jn all the praise of which we oordially 
agree. The Times" newspaper observes. 
It Is situate in a locality where such an in- 
■titutien was much needed ; and, as it conti^ns 
readlag and news-rooms whloli are open from 
eight in tbe morning till eleven at night, we 
hm no doubt it will be fbiind of great utility 
to die inbaUtanti of the dty, eapedally as the 
news.room is well supplied with the morning 
and evening papers, and the reading-room with 
tbe quarterly, monUily, and weekly periodicals, 
and various pamphlets. I'he syllabus of tbe 
lectures for tbe ourrent half-year is issued 
among them— we notice aone of greu interest. 
A library of droulation and reference is attadi- 
ed to the institution, whldi appears to have 
beau eareAiUy selected, and conudus copies of 
most of our standard works. We understand 
that cla s ses for tbe study of languages, nluilc, 
drawing, &c, are in progrens of formation. We 
rinceiely hope tbe Institofelon will meet with 
the eneonruement it deserves, and that it will 
be endnantty nesful in difffadag useful know- 
ledge aaong-VDankind." 

Animtal Magneiitm. — Pr. Elliotaon has re- 
dgned bis profeseorship at the London Univer. 
dty, in consequence of the autliorittes discharg- 
ing Miss Okey, and interfering with bis 
magnetic ' experiments. Miss Okey, it is 
stated, had pretended to new inspirations and 
powers. In ooneequMioe of whidi, bdng taken 
lo tbe bedsides of the ddc in the wards, she 
oeold foeetdl tbeir dMth or reooverv. In the 
former case she pronounced the fatal doom by 
saying that Great Jadceg hod got them (a 
new and finniliar name for the Angel of 
Death); andlnthetetteremi(thatonly£iM/« 
Jaekef had obtained possession. A nu^ority of 
tbe nMdtcal jpn|rils, It Is said, an irate at tbe 
exit of Dr. BUiotaon, whose Mesmerism was, at 
any rate, a source of curious amusement, and 
who in other respects was well caknbrted to be 
a favourite with his class. 

The AWna JHoffagma^ Part I., oonlaining 
the weakly Noeiben for December, is cordially 
welcomed by ui, as a foUow4ahourer in lite- 
rature. The p^KTs .amder tbe ahmature of 



90 



THE UTERARY GAZETTE. AND 



interat f<ar all litwuy peaph ; but fte k 
altogether ^juiewM-lfay for its iiri^iiul ffm. 
turei, and the ouitenU gener^y irn 
amiuiiw. There it • Misbtlce in the jiii^iju- 
irition that Canniofft u wril m Cbatawbrkod^ 
bad been aided by the UtmrfFand, U. Ou. 
teaubrland acknowladgsd the oUiftUicui qt an 
annirenary where Mr. Caniung praiilil«d, md 
nuMt liberuly lubeorilted to the eooiety. 

The FuTUi^»hir0 Fo,t (W.Spaommt) isannt 
/ tee-tomm game, like the game of goo^w, Ac, 
which Mr. Spooaer hat ingeaioaely ^tihu"} 
a change of aDauMtaealtfur Um juvenilMat tbi* 
laaHtn. It eeeaw nwU denied ti (Btomt 
tliem, and the sport ii f uU of iMUenti to nfiwd 
or throw out the keenett baud. 

Tht Gauu ^ tht GoUm EggU is Einuttur 
nice game with card* and pvctixm, ta teadi 
the etementa of nuturat histoiy ai apflKMU* to 
Britiah diurnal birds of prey. 

A play with oard« and qiiastlan and auiwefs, 
and intended to inoutcate a kaowledso tA ilic 
oelestlal iptter*. Vouug folks are ied«liCMl ta 
the same publiiher for this agreeable ItiducEion 
iutn the paths of iwience. 

An Ind§r GmJc^im/ Mm ^ lb* 
Ittu. ByJ.PhiUipB»F.R.S.,a.8.,fte. (Uhi- 
dou, J, weal*.)— AaadminNeand Ueful pro- 
doctioD, It it Mt index to every |p^>l'>)(iL-(il 
paper connected «ith the pnnuit of the minify, 
and with mining and other important siilsfi-i e* 
in England. Tine distinctinna of cat>iLi[ 
shading, to mark the ftunaflons, ii nciv i<j 
and most highly ajttprovad. 

Am lUuttrmtadChmH ^Bi^liaMiiat9rf/r*tit 
Egherl M Ftetono. By L. Oflrdoo. jUiuidaii, 
J. Souter.)— Tills is one oftho nlceCbrbimas 
productions for ditterrlng youogstars : a roll 
on which the history of England is ne:ic1y pic 
tured, and the descent of the on)wndk]'<*iii>1d|0. 
calty traced, in a manner likdy to ntuk^^ «ii 
impressiMi on their mind. A deccriptive 
lume of sisty paged aceompaniee and eaplxiiia 
It. Owing to an error In priuting, tbu destfa 
uf Charles I. (at p. M)) to dated ICOR ; f.rn'MnT 
care ahoiild be takea with works of itKinictiniL. 

A Catakfus of lAndm Ptritdktah. •ri;h 
Iktir Prieett^o,^ (London^ Longmnn.j — An 
. exceedingly useful brmJtitl*. For iMuiivyi, at 
well as provincial bookaeUers, statlwen, and 
newSTMidors, It la a akeat of indbpmndils in- 
formation. 

Deardtn"* Mi mit m ift iVe. /. (Lo»dmi, 
Orr; Nottingham, Deardeii.)— A refy pleu- 
ing, prorindal, litnrary mlaoelUny i nith a 
anperior choice of subjeiAa, and a Giir porilun oT 
talent In the general esacntloii. 

HmtU ^ Ptvflt^ ATe. ///. {tendon, 
Tyas.)_ThlB pariudical goea on drawing cha* 
meters with considerable talent. Tbfl 
No. conuins "the iJpoilt Child," <4ii< DM 
Lord," "the Beadle oftheParUh," fend (tlu 
best) " the Linendr^et'a Assistant."' The" 
pertinadty of these gentry is niuatnl«<l <>-i 
anecdote declared to be literally truer vii. tltai 
it was the rule in one abop to dlaafcarwuMay 
shopman who suffered a cnaloaMr Id-lipM 
witiioiil buying aomething I 

TA^ Sooiaf Gajretta (No. I4) is adtnovLetlged. 
Ita seeking to be useful, anit iu appeal to the 
parochial olergy, guardlani oif the poOl^ iMh JUii 
■eem to be very omamendablii. 

in the Knldkeriioeker stMiner «n th* MiuiN. 
eippi writes, that they had been imit<-[nlini; 
for scnne days with large BUsaaa of fl'mtiiL,; 
ice; and now, aaya h», " ti-e are (Nov. I?) 
firmly Imbedded in the middle eF ttir iivn\ 
with proriaions and fuel failii^ and aU ooMliodt 



t<> nMTR tlie iwaael bnaimilin^." In this dl- 
Kniiiii wntrr Iiid1<;rflii»[y <lt^rrtl»r* Uif 

I .jiiLj i4 <liupp«diaiica uf tite Mjin slum. 
Tliu LhiCiii, i»w«rdt m brSng aaked by a paaa- 
rn^er fi>r iowif tuitter^ repllt^ *' De puttn- E he 
pMn all giMi aiHl on further be^iig deaired 
to brtag* bdy a cupaf iH^de^imUinEly ■aj'ii, 

Da dee 1 sh« pMa all tnnk up." Huwerer, 
the Ki>lcker("*ckef finnlly e^i^HMS. Told eoni- 

firrt tbis iiL tiic v:trly pnrt of Novenbsr. We 
nnirlit not to gr»dgt<^ Jklr. MurpKy a fow froa.|y 

ill's. 



LIST or KEW HOOK». 

Til* fidv't Caujirn-Bocik. iMim Che Life a 

(''wnirr 0(1)% rdlieil hf W. Kavttl. lira. v|lh 

WundruU, K>. — l^vr'i Rxftiliipi a Talr, tfj C. J. 
Ilorlr. ^ vub. pxi j:i.>. lilt^llVaflMm riivrrd* ett 
\he Uriiisli ■\t7\\Y - O^p h'int, or Sofal tl«|iin«fii of 
run, Rvo. Ii.i.~fini!lhr'a PailH, tnmiTaUil inlii Enelbh 
INnw, ity ,\. llifH'tnt. M rAiium, r.ra\y, Ai. -- Thtllis- 
tnry i:>r t^|iil iinilrr ttip I'liiloniLn, by Mjinviii'l Ishorpc, 
Jtn. Il<. Af. — TliF ].iri-(jri'ti<Mii.-u Iti'^rifiJ'li, !iv liii Scin, 

'H.. — 'I'Il.' H.">k .-f 
Thttilvtlii-rillr'i '^rnii'ins f^ii t'hjiniy ^ch^-dit. wiili .l l.lt 
I:;duo. Illlf,^l^L■l^l'||..| ^lniiirMiiij'n,, |>i tIjL' I liiii. ^iijil 
ICfv. S, Dvt\, 1 ■'111'. '■. ''I- - H"i>w"« ([viiiMrlv- i-ri r,.,iv- 
MMJ KufunrUi.. m.Tii. iii.i. i.. _ i hc Lrtilii* an.! Wrt- 
ftmini AtSIr W, sciin, itfiii,.. .tr.i.i. _incl<3i-ikUiirT'Ayoli 
to Qitm, TuTkevj JtLUkU, uhl l>oUii<l, by J- ti. i^lt- 

nteH, t^f, 7«-flii— TtcraltMbnu of irclindt tRmu. 3. 

raitua BuUat, bv Carliua, f.cmii, !y, Thi' 
(^ilEiM'aBd fwMi IMatf Year-Bnak, IMS, laTiM.3ii.bC. 
— Tha Art at Dm-Starklnr, 1» W. Scroiir, rani fvo. 
it. '.V— PMHp^ Uft and Tina vX Bun^wn, Ih-o. 11a— 
lli rli^v't LlllKiKiaphlEDrawilw-Boak.7f.IU._r. DmTj"! 
I I' 4<i>v J.in iKc rnnUruciloa uT Ailillcial yaundillDHj, 
]^.~Thc AnrrdUuvliUM; a Pimn, biJ. M-Kmrj, 
M.D. I?iin^ H<.— WkM iin-na In IM FOtmC and l^rahir. 
In v. lt\ UaffvptTr. 1 tdIi. rOri fivn. — The IlLllibJnor 
Cbii^Ia, by Ihc An'.hrT of ttir " I karkmakDEj" flTo. 12f^ 
AiiiDm't Mki omiom [>r (.'hrro. \>i Ekvyd. IJma 
MlKlMOid I^IM M tJt« Km, br lh« llrr. K. M^lirw 
»l rilL JtiKt tlvn- Rf- — T. liBfllclt'i MniKHli uf >. 
RuIIht, H*l>n|i of n-urhifn, rtvui, — Vol:!'* Mipmirky 
rrf Ih* licnllMl Horrtcr. nrw rttt. I v.i]. nvn. ISt — Th* 
H ktcorx oT DbapBUat, from ISCQ Ui ma, tav ihr Rrr. ]>r. 
nmnHf, Hvo. Schiim u oppoml Iq [he Unit; iirili« 
CliiiiTh jprtM Rmyi.fdtc Ato. fni. ftf.— ThcBMrayal ; ■ 
Sa.rhl Pncm, liy He\. Jt Bcllany, iml fl«o. St.— 
^Iimcilraiid rariMMmdmM of tht lata R. Calhwt, Eaq, 
^ prill, limfi. Sf. H, — Hutua] of Vamtaf aod Eminj; 
I'riivm roc VOafbt Rmnna, Ifeno, Ir. U.— Daf^t llaiid- 
lltHili iif ritbbue. lUmn. I*. U.— DoabletUv*' Nfiimneta- 
lure of llrUiUi Utrda. nil) kkix h SiL— Tndd't Sludsit^ 
Muiul), I^in. 3*. ll«nLE>ai]i'< Wurhi, by Baariins, 

PliH 7. fiiYtL Vfi. 9,.— The L«lle JEnfllih HOtj. bf G.W. 
>ynrtf(*, j'Pmi'. Miillilnl In Patvo: Ajiirwinm y . 

-r,i!.-, IV. tK". li'nji.'. A V..i™ fu tii Ihv 

Alpi, M,t44 OAnCn^.eOlK^lirthaltn^K. DitlLcr- 



MnTBORot-aatcAi. jannNAL.xasp, 

1'hiiruldy . . 
f'nilav ... 

'vuniKy ... 

Tu»<lay -- 

Wlinii, S.W.anil S.F:. 

E»prpt JHl lkui\ I'lti. iji'n! islli lIi'*].!! ; iriiii fell rai 
Fi-R/ir uul rain uii lIh- ijiIi, am! l-^o fi>Llo<"iji|.- 

tirilii f:illt>n,-d!H^BK*. 

iidniiMhM. L'AAaj.aa IIkhsv Aqahc. 











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<n> Think "A Lmerof BritM Jtrff^hitmsevltaia- 
H> fnr. hafwer. tlUH aav anwupt 10 CArry it Laicafftci: 
viHiM tor nraducdiw dTbc [>■■■ «i uiudi ticliaiiiifi u truCh, 
hcaMa briitK UaUa tn nChw bMmHmi. 

" Tha CMtiBhJim Lmk^r-Oiv" a roy nrMM. Jountal 
roralhahiaiHlilaintrFtiv-iibKC, luacDmiiWKBd.lti.Alnl 
K*fln Valth unOaitelnc iplrH: aud we hava la thuik Jii 
enniluclon tai Nu. 1. 

Thr pditPT of [l« ■■ Vet™+D«Han" hai wit Uunkifr* 
Tin V.i f.ir I Fir IK" fiai. vMch criTilalci^ MiTiiiiLhi VBliiibit 
ii i-liiT ...1 rii.,nbiMbti>*11ltii ll i< ilir«ii"l. 

1 ll. l.KTnf i-B ly ihrltni.h -t ^re. imln.1l. 

iii.li.ji:i-.-J t.i i,li¥ilt fliiy |w>-mi -icHi i^-> Jvr^rwkUprMWl. 
'n]>U'ii, A> yvt, l|w|i,it K<t i<> ' ■-i. .1 > >i iny of Ito Mllnw 

JChi i—i a ie w afytlta u ^ s. II- 



ADVmRTIMHHHTB, 



Clfioi twwBt Xn IB ih» Uaralaf nltll Nlot In Ihr KTr^ng, 

AdmlHjiiii.lli>«|il>ikaTi««'rH. 



KJNfi'S cniJ.KCK, (.■■iKlrpii _Si-iiior 
tirr'n""n.| 'n-- <'iii... i" 1 1.. H'^ ' i"*™. 

MiihiRiaiir.. i.'.Kiii.b lJirT>iurii auJ lIuFi 1). •.I'l -r'ip'ant 
vn M'>.1rMtfli]',llltaMln,illflt. 

TharinTMl tTlqwranlgaln Hokn*. Hii" . ..LMhat 
FsTiKii i.«Tipuanii Ktit ilio in mumni. 

I'l.tl RAEIiHtnnit ■•v4 MlHIIiu.— Th^ Ij^ruu 
■UI MCWrnnH'* #11 *l=i'4ii»i (lit i*Hi Uii".""'; »nJ ilw 1 
L«MrHTlll Iwrnuia.'JlaK Wkdamtu. ihn InMini. 

MTTJtril Kriudl.-Ttw Vftlnt lawt^a bCltaa UuM NfJIae. 
will i.^ibq ntKwMM.tMlMlnitMti ^ 

.'u,>:^r r>^,.MtinaeC^&*lMM 
D|>«..H DH 11 t|l..aaijt»kp»lBrMHWiatK<>ra'K'««'>'*^ 

JO.L. [1.1**. 

CAUTION. — MR. NKVr>[A\. -Artiat's 
Ol-ortmn. (4 S^Il^ M^.^r^. m .!r.n,-.,uc.c.. <.l l.i- Nu* 
aod AlI.Erei't htTiAiF miitl unviLrrBataht?. |..E-kaL rm. nl dii \ (fftvwl. 
cAniK minni-i- ll Ihp H-oor »tiO|> >*.-*«llJ' «|i*rnil hi III. 

J«tKi, 1( h«t>ih tiHIiiii*. ri.|tHliHnl l> nii>>4di i.'l 'liich Uiln 
(^ft In iFiml IntuncH. mIiImI, ibe rublLc, nnl mptclhirf 
(ii/hiu bu riumaa iW hit BaMMSi *» <IW-t«a-WN«V »m 

Tor IS nnjinn.ml iWbi Sm nit na1nl<««t■^'M|■.. Tia ty li. 



■ Kill. 



I - uF rii.:Diii.i>.£ I iiii(il«> 
if^lit m.l. Illitl tt'HfelM; 

I-' nWfetlHHM, 



CI.!..!! I 



.*iiiilili1llt|u* 



lb* 



I i>«i ll) ib« 



MR. iiF;xri,Kv 1. 
tllhl, |-j 
If.^l, .iHti 11". iir-ni,. '.HL 

'liif r4 t.A).ulli>li..(irm IJ^( rr.r 

Ilrr-n ■tiiiirj iV-nwi* r.r ill •!! 

Thi pMi And iBMiuiatnumliTi pf LiiL-nrj- I ii'i iii^'naaud 
ClntTilaiiu^ btMviM, iKrauf kaui Ou rnunii.. 1. i. piiHifaf iba 
•^C^nri* of itn PuWIi' (a yr.^iM iki. v.ii. ul n.»ril. tbi* 
CIATIliE flu iys-n fhtrt<.d, 1n iSi cur nT^l uihi ii( K^nllHI afepc- 

ciMlft bi iW^pi^iUOn nf llrir -ki-tH 111411 |ri»'t Viijell <k^1h«va 
r(ict[i|i|i'TraclI>.rn|.iilill.liTd- Ml. Ilr-..ll~|.li1>llivi>lr>ri n<jll«4 

thr imrt "/Nntri. IS iir ruiii i.i'"i I' 1 1.1 rnn" 1 hi- ["1 iiinl mc#- 

iniut i.rib* i.FnMl ".Biiu.i.. r.om M.. '.I t.i Ijy . l.rC V Lmnr. llM 
fuluj jHrl .111- .iFi.riiifi>£ inJ p-'l^' l.ri.iil -lir .(cm . 

1 hf tV 1-1.11 hit.'i.lJi |.u^l|.■<"l ui>-Dii tin. ir" — 

Mt. n.il.n.'. lilUrf T-.i.l • A H.i.LiinL;# l lLjDUl. .«-|in4 
,%Ti I'evpfr'l K>0 l((tlnKl..im, r.LI11m| 

wd H«<*ara BnrJ i>.(.i i ii ■ ^in lllHMil'a^>««S<*tbiki 

nl.U«i» , ....J S.1 UlUli - 

Mr<..TnUMgaWM>»S*H|. Mm v>4 , . 

•dlHM 1 imaiT. 

WUtallilt«wlL)Ni,< W..'>. I'l^^ 
aa^tiiftnail.nitit ilil.l m niiin i \i 
Hr Blme liHim UnHrn.i Vi- Tl-'-f- n—^ 

lUtt. {•:it-,.t*i (iiji.rici. U.>. 

ThTFrl'tirttrd AuUiDT at"nao< If'- Aln..,iilli 

OAieh' )r< L. I'. K, J.u.M 

Mr.rbdin liir^ma^" Bfli'' I Olr.- 1:- Giir 

III. i.r IVtwrtM" I Kr. Lam. 

• iijiifrTHi<clKliiclMytlriMd,lhtT(l« ki lUd. lnu.piiFl r>r Ui. 

MTR.ST C*>1.(»'H PIU.VT1N<; 

Jli) pal>ll»l4.ta, lIx.K Nii.c'i.iu. r. I'll I 1,1 

KNIfJHTS ll.LrMINATKn riUNTS 
If. -.i.v ■ . I . 'M..r,Th« 

rmpoif.- -Aiml M I I.- I-.. .Lnl.-li.t. 

lUdi 'i'«»i>ii iiiiiiiiiiii UI l^rH.l'tllUhl.|.>lt«']•ul4^t•■>l-^>.<■nl 
Hltiur), AaipK^ Saran. HMUu.cml Wnth IUll4|aj(vLMi4< 

~ M->. IWMkat *<hi gwwMfc 4f wwj aM^ c iai w ** ! f 

•i.<L'wtarAnihatt.Sn 

An J, alio, tut II. al 

Kiiiglii'a llIutiiinAifd AlApi fnr .'sdu'Hil? .-uid 

ri.n.liiA, ii.inr '01le< |'ri«r ad.— tiirliiMni Hcri>.. ri.ni. ..viae 

PlldCliu- In lb> Cliii.; ul t hiMI ■aiU»;(>iit> nfltl. I.r II <. 

Hi-h >uif.(.fF «il> r>xiiht 9rT*« Mlp. ; •■») 1 — i .iwlU 
I.I ... -,rrM,iM llitl.whillf bivlll ftrw: K I n>pl«' l^..!.'!.'. ' and 
li>c.«.rm|iL.i.-a.l A(1». imllui Hi) Ik biMllil 1aF'4l<T a. .c|.UM* 
>ii>in i> atEsmt'^Pi •■■d fIlH(»(r Ih' Tirini I'l i:|D|"«i1>.fti Um 
Fl.iiiiiii Uihir, anri irw Ptrnrlal HlMdT ■! l-'niiind, m*» 
|igtii|>LJnl M.«i- C, KiUflil and lU., u nil ■> IlLMbrhM 
af Ir'atniint, Rhbc, And Uiacn.irtvBt ta fiaMMird, 

UkHlai a,Mak(«MO& aa Lad<|^ hlun*. l—m^m. 



MUSIC. 

E. L."j ^Nf>, " Sleep. Heart nf Bliiie," 
if ibvMknn til EUu Flain {uk iT4f.*ltluliF<ll- 
Jmi* AUM Nimtfn <■ Pvaa Stmt, (nta 



jiooKt; IN TiiK riiKSs. 

T'lIK D111TI:*]{ I'ilRBlU?* 

X VimV.Nn. XV' r 



llilll 

iilrr.| — 

Mii<n<<> nn.i Hri ^1 liVrn,l..rt. 

.1'. I ^riKuAii'' ihnil l..|.''r iinrr nl tf-f Lirf< 



Mr 



|-«..n...lnl -J I 
M ll.,. 



■ ■ j.'d '■■irnrBH '^•inWf*.'" 
I,- nr. ^cw.fi EJr Ina.a. 

I. .iHl II1.Jeu(i. 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LKTTRES. 



31 



30KTICAL WORKi* PERCY 

BTKBHE (tHKLLEV. 

UMbiMti.HilU.Blrj 
Ta1« bmvMIb TMt MmM »l 



Twd'cON^I^MG VOLUHES 

■ribflLLiraTUTtD KBIVION 4(PALEVa NATU- 
RAL THXOLOQY. 

I. KucrlnnU sad DwaaBMiatUBi om Um Blraclnf* Ife* 
Crtlt oTBMt. 
I, A OUMftatlanBiiibaOttslaofBill. _ 
4. N>tM ud IUbbA* m varkwH PdIbu ■( TliHlBie. 
t. Am Anslrtlaal AuMM <# Carin'i KcMaictiM sa rawll 
OMaalau, wHk M* AppncaiM t* NaMial TbMl*(;- 
«. A» Acioant »raftar n*w i««nl WrtUan aw lbi*8uKke«. 
7. AnAMljIlfal AMMrtaTMi I. Nr-trft ' PiloelpU.' 
Bj UBNRV LORD UUUCHAM, P.R-8- 
Aadlta«bnartlMNallWwl lartlMU of FiMM*. 
Laatei nurtw Mght iirif Ca. W Laagiia fciart. 



MR. COI.BURN will Dnhllsh immediaulr 
UM<all<>*hicNBW 1rORKB^- 
I. 

Htmee V«nMWt 

Or,U<klB*«W«l. ■«•!*■ 

EnandiHu In the Interior of Rntsfa. 

Sj Rabnt Bramnar, Itq. 
t lola. Bfo. with llloMTatloBt. 

m. 

TIm RoDunoe of tb« Hwon. 

Br Mm Pari**, 
Aalhai af ■ Clh af Iht Saltaa.* •• Tha Rlrar mhI *• Dawrt.' 
*«. >«ab. 

Tha "niM aBd Fowth ValanM (wrlaUtif Ibt Wort), tt 

Th« Piary of ^ 'nntM of O«orga iV. 

... Maaaii,Ba«. 



AIM.M 



Plcturat (rf'tha WotU, at Rome and Abroad. 

B* Ika ItaikMr ^ T l— i H— P»Taw>" "HmaM Ufc*' fte. 



tl. 



Onmr UanMt 

TSnaadaat Ibak, aab 
ai-m H iipaW llMl i r ' ai 



'III. 

The Only Daiwhter ; a Domertlc Story. 

BdlHdfeithaAB«iaiaf«Tka»ataM>ni.- StsU. 
■aMj (Mtan. ruUiilMr, IS Onai MaTlk<na«b (MMat . 



TUK niAI. 8TATB OT THB NAVY. 
Om WadBMdir Baal. wUk a Parmli, In. 

SIR JOHN BARROW'S LIFEofIX)RD 
ANSON. Tawlileh tiaddfd, ■ Chaptn aa Oi> Aenul 
■tMaaraaaHMANatyaaBlnladwIUi thatrf aifcwCwmulai, 
a csaqWia llataMlte aflha Cbafgaa sT W MflMMd ^ 

lim Hanar. Alhaaart* Uttaat. 



BOOKS PUBLISHED THIS DAY. 
rpBE BOOK of FABLES awl INSTRDC 

X - TIVK arOIUBM, mUttt^ M Oivailv af Vaa>« 

OUtdtWB. 

B; iba AVdMMBaf -aM^- "ATkltarVBlatiVaa. 



SOI' i t^K'S XmprOMd and Ealarfted Editians 
.'rl'> Irilai^rMahlini. U.aaab. 
I OaitxHimft-flWlw-l. ilaUMaaaAftf*^Tnr£aitl*ai 
«*4Ur*l4(— A Ulimi af Iflaad d UM|ni44if urinkad^ 
liiMaa wt >aBUawl-a- Uar^F-k^ af (t>;allarJ ^^ hULbrj af 
*■ liiaraflij-fftwea-* IJI.l9fT »r<+»j«j-lo. A». 
Uu|4l^ ■( CMM*^ILfUaw7 b[ Hmt— 1t. AailoulihH «r 
ILhm~>1. RacHd HIilaA-it l^nl-'»iF llliinn- Itu >.>Eiml 
tjqtaU&i — IS. J4»llk AnluuiUn — IT. Claiilol Bli«iJiilif — 
liTXurawil— 1»- IW«T,i— ill. BulliJi CsMWruUci.- u. t;^, 

ribllihfd bT J' I^Do'ii, )^haol l.lt.iiti]j l>1 y^rt '*utri 



JirVBNU.B CLAflB400RB. 
rabllilMd at th* HcImoI Llbiarj, 111 Plaal Btcaat. 

S OUTER'S Prof^lTe Primer in Spelling 
BdBaadlBj. W. 

8. SouterTB Pragwl*«8pelling.BoQk, U.6d. 
S. Bealer'a ProgreMfve First Sdiool Raate, 

4. Souter'i Secnid Sobool Reader, 4«. 6^. 

AlM.bjlha Har.T. Clark, 

1. Tb« Engliah Primer, with 200 EngraT. 

tip* 9^ 

3. I'he Enaliah MoUier^ CatecUm, with 

5. The Natioinl Spelling. U Bd. 

4. The Nattoiwl Reader, with 100 Engmv 
1^ *■■«. 



ROMAN BaCVIABT. 
Bj an aiprNi Indolt ftatn th* U*)j Hici tha aal; Bdllln*>ir 
prialad In Kniland- la 4 niv W». II. ■••■t «r Mud l« 



uarocsa, with gill l«*at. If. Ida. I MonceauUra, H- )■■- 

BREVIARIUH ROMAMUM, cKDaerelD 
B.H. CoBc4IU Trident, natltalaia, Ac: uiia iacU IhMt- 

Veil - - — - 



Ha; be 



nbMli, U)ia. Apaat. 
bad aiMy <f Kiatluc Braant, 



3» Doka Slnct, 



renor Hquarr: and T. Janai, O PatmaUn iU*, i^andasi 

and orllacan.KlnMUaat.aHdBaaia. Nafwieh. 



THE EDINBURGH REVIEW, 
No. CXXXVIII. U uv nadjr. 

GoataBti. 

1. LaUwTiWllMManMilBM. .^^ . 

t. Wlltlnun en tba Uannar* and CnXanu ariba Anekal 
Bnpijaiw. 

a. llMiplir4lcal Tiacli of Uia Eigbtaaalb CaMuTi bl 

Callln, TaakaT>aitd aihan. 
4. Sawh«|-* Paatical Watt*. 
i. PiaKitl-* Hlatarj •rPardlaand and luMla. 
9. Sutittio »ul fblloMtphj arHitmi Mairiea^ 
7. TilM.bl Iha AuIhMoIoHauUaaaliall.'' 
«. l.litn't Lir« iDd AAmlnMrallan of ClanaMB. 
B. P—lan HalaUaaa U Muta. 

Nateaab>dBiwbaM-|"Bpaaeba<.''aiadaUiMMllm 
laain— " — 't^- t— «— r a. and C. naaba^bABigh. 

la S lola. Ml tra. _ , 

LOVE'S EXCHANOEi a lUe. 
BfCIUBLBS IIOVLB, M^. 
"Klljroa dawn, 
Aad tat M* atllW jaw baul I-— SmM 

The Huguenot. 3 TOb. By O. P. R. 

Janaa, bq. 

.— ^ n —jf- 



«tab 



Maaai.«>f.bMnd, 

E UNIONS* and PARISH 

orPlCBHli- YEAH-UOOKifarlUS. 
itatnlBf a nilcu af nMrbl and valnabla InTatmallaai with 
■d Biawaiiim arOpW«a« bf IhalhaikUvOaMaBlnlanan t 
on tba n^act of AcmbdIii <)llanlla»^ dMtt Daun. rawan, 
■■d nada bT Klartlaai tt\ Wba at* qaaMlad tsveti hr Ourdlam. 
BliclUlitTarPBiaBan.HUIMban.OhBi«bn>daw. and Ow- 
mtn 1 PflsalH. kc. ta Vsla for or lo ba alaclad Caardlani. tUllif 
4a ttw naad, iaBcMi ihi aUa-bodlcd, eataal. and naa-nddiui 
Paar. TM PaMaklal AaammanU aad Ha|ri>fatlDB Acu, an 
Aul^ria af llii IrUb Pnot-Law Acl : an Aci Eo fuiUuic lb* 

" "I ' "T"ii f 1 Aat Ac Iba Uqtrtdailaa 

afParaahM I'llili i iba Biwlaitwii rf>lii P ' i-"-TnT r |- 

af batb Haaiaa af Partlaw— t, and C«»taa eTiniwlaal Inuiaa- 
Uaaal CiNBia)* laaaad bj Iba Paac.Law Caaianliilapira aa vaiiaM 
■ a e t a ta wawiaelad wHb tb* XdMlnluntlan at lha Paaa-Lav 
Pavaahlal AsaaaMMa aiid BMMmiav Aab. 
Londen : Cbailta Knl^bt andCoTlS Ludgita lUcaal. Pabllatan 
M Aa Paoi-Law CamBlHlanm. 



The Unioui* 



Alia, prlca 1 *■ 

and pBririi 



Oflcen* Sheet 



Im I thick Tal. BaamUi BdWaa.ptlaa Ifc. 
B*an Diaaaaa la thli Sdittaa hat n«*lnd addMlM, aad lb* 

whale l> mnib imptortd. _ 

MODERN DOMESTIC MEDICINE : 
• Pap«latTMaaaa.*MiHIM»aam>n*. 0»ai, 
■*d Maal aaiaiSMa Tia—int af WMaaaaj vMh a captau 



-• Wa than ptaant* it ai lha adiln af aa taTataaM* Maad. M 
hich wa »B nKt m tba lw» af said, wlthaal aa; daabi aT 
batu baaaliad by Iti wUdoat"— W"«r» Ckn^cb. 
••Tl li ai 



II aitwihai daaardac of pen 



KlV.--C«ad« 



^'•'osa of (b* tnj bail and sail uaaftil book) pabUabad li 
nadtrn tlmai <"<•. . .... 

•■ Tha pobllo daoMBd ft* IM> woik la a imflbal Ha *alaa k 
dali aMraclalid. ■»aTi dlMau ihM fla-h H belt la. with lu 
raaiadiai. ara aa mlnataij daaerlbad. that nlilaka )• aoartalr 
paulbla.'— ■•<■(<>' J«nMf, „ . 

KblUadb;«lnipUB.Hanball, and Ca. FMaMaalai Bow t and 

HaWharti.WPleeaainj.LoBdon. Bold bj al! Baek*UaM. 
Alaa, bT Iba wst Anlhor. in lie. pMaa IK. baaida, M adlUoo, 
aalaitai, 

2. Oa the Diieaiei of Female! ; a Treatise 

ntMnms IhM BT>p«a«B, Caaaaa, VMatta. u'J''™*^'- 
WlihnataaraaaCaaaa. laalodlM ibaWtaaaaaaod llaqi*o»anl 
af PiaimaMiaBd Ljlaf-la. Wllb KbitwImi. and a Olajaay 
at iSdlSj Tanafc Daii«nad a* a CaMpanlaa ta tha Aalbta'* 
- Hsdnn DaMtia HadlaiiW.'' CaBiHaini alaa an Appnidtx 
an th* Septan* and TNainMt aflMaaaaaa af lha Haan, aad 
as tha piopaiTtaalBaal at Bpllam. .. „, 

" It U raadmlrahla paibriawMa, aad aboald fl" a plaea h 
hBlIf ■MblUma>l.--«M« B-M, M Ma|, IM. 

iMInlli mnWJm" ■— -"-l- Mttnrjr, Sd Jank 



la Hh •dUiaa. aach Imptviad. prla* 

SURE METHODS of IMPROVING 
RBALTB, aad INVIOOBATINU LIPB.b| nmla«i« 
thaJMatand KKlnaa: axhlUttaa tba aaat mrarad FdaaiHaa 
of Haallh and £aa«*.lli,"wilb tEa t«maibaMa.» «wat a fpt^ 
Paad, Wla*. Air, Baerala^ dca. lb lha <hM afaMtaM OtMria 
filial, aa w.ll aa l> praaiattoB. Maalll».aal Jjif Ift;. Ta 
which ara added, aa Acoaaal aTlba aaMnl MaH TMb- 
l^aadUaalia* far lha BUM* aad Nanwua lha CaMH««l«a, 

"Wa an dlaaoaad to thiak liUi* laaat otaAil and rallaaal 
*atb af *a blad wa ha*a M wiib. li a aaiaJaa mbj blata 
u Xm- " aliambdr a. ad«lnWa Cada a/Silth.-- 

"Tba Iwrtaarj *f thlaioliwa la adnnea tha liapsTlMit ab- 
laala which It pcapaia* la aaqBaiilaBaWa. a^wa war^ r». 

fimnMinrt II. It la InleUlfaBl.pracUaal, aad Ufhl; lBtaraalln|.- 
_Mtir UHranp Oaai*M. _ . ^ , . 

" Tliat nan af all hablti will darlta InbfBaHan flaa II, cat 
ealaMd to laciaata ihtlt eomtmt aad aitand tbali dafi. la fttailf 



la Mfat-mil Srn. coaUlBlnf mvf*, prloa S4f. boand la 
atath, tha Haa^d TolaB* af 

THE PICTORIAL HISTORY of 
- KmiLAND, balBi a HiitDij of the Pa^ ■* wait aa a 

"iTMuMMr^lih^Muj btadtad Waadcau bT H«Bo«*aial Ha- 
aartai Oolaat Cl«>l aad HIUlarT CartBsai P ^ aaMa Balldlaat, 
P«ialMi« Bad OnamaaU. CaUMdnla, aad etbac Wa>b< of 
AraUHaMca; Span., dad alba* lilagrartaaa af Maaaaaai Ma- 
ahaaltal fntmtlanai PormUU af BaMaat FanaMi m* Ra- 

■atbahU HIterteal B t aaia. „ 

'• Th* Plelatlal HiMaaj of Ba|la»d- la laMad la XMblr ?■«*■ 
p>leali.( andih*PublUhanpiad|aih*BBaal>aa ilaball bacaai 
plated la Poai Volaaaaa. 

Alaa, Oie BImatb Part af 

Portrait lUustratlons of the " Pictorial Bit- 
•■TfarBaiMa.- Bamwdaoawal. 

' - ^ — -Wdia TweatT tieathlj Fatta, pflea Twb 



Tab* 



■WIHasaaaah. 
CbMlMKaiflbiHdUa. 



Alnaaae. Ur IW- Cantalalac, U addldan la lb* Calat>dai. a 
taaialaaa Uat af all *a Valaaa ta Bavtaad and Walat, Oaardiana 
laaaahi mimm af Cbaliaaaa — « CMaafaaahi laj t lhir with 
aibaaaaahilaad If irtia i lal b it M aa. 

A««. fdaa boaad, 

A M fadUute the CalcoIaUon of the 

Pi^anlaaala Aataal la ba aacb PatU la • Ualan 

la*a««a tba In-M«)ataaMM*b sad aaf athar It tjitaa ntalrlBS 

Ft Haiid bt OM^afibt FaaaO— C i wl iilibl i l. 



Ka 



MURcneoN-s oboloov. 



raadi, S lala. rafal 4ta. wlih larfa Oaaloileat Hap, VIewa, 
•otoBiadBaclloiu. and nuneriiai Plalea aTOiiaBlc Renulai, 

T^HE GEOLOGY of the SILURIAN 
nrrJrft.V, or PinJ»i Coonllm of KngUnd .Ind Walaa. 
D*i,.i<>'rl'<<u1.nf j> lini^FLKIiga and i 'lar*lfi.'>u.<> uf |h« UIO^ 
lb-. U. Villi f,\,tiLt, viis SftUfMt't'Mii r.'ii-FL<.'iiii. Ice, Mr, 
II. h|iij>F|lll'K IMPKV- MLMt'.HIKi IS, I 
Vbrf'l'jriiilenl tif Uit l>f.-:l"iir-*l SwJri« 



ttww wcmK n jWb autbur up 

r. lUIUMVMHGrTATIOtf." 

N»« iit^t la s -loU. HoK a i-d. 

JANET; or, >H,A\(ES bi HUMAM 
HATUkB. 

TbaBaaaadaTa Bette* ef Talaa aa tba Paaalaaa. 
BjlhaABthver" Mlarapieaentallaa.'' 
Alaat la S aali. peat Baa. 

Mi w epreMnUtion; or, Scanea In Seal Uta. 

' Wa He aa* awaaa ^«bea Ma %«rt liWHIMt bat h la fbll 
ertntaaaataadpalbaa."— MbML 
" li malada aa af UIm Aaataa'k adMlnMa aamUeaa.' - 

''''^Sraalm aad Oila). PabllA Ubran> Condalt BtraM- 

In a elaaalj printed velaDW, pilea Ta. M. Illaitrated with Nlani 
WaadoBU, tUeraa Oaela«lBal Haellwn, and Twa Cateaiad MajH, 

SKETCH of tb« QKOLOOY of FIFE 

aad the LOTUIAMS. laaladbn datalM K w wiH lwaa 

e( AMkar^ Seal Bad PaalUBd UUIa. 

BrOHABLBrt UACLAll«M,lH|. P.BJI.B. 
Adam and Cbailaa Black, Bdlahaigb t sbB»M aad Ca. 



ntPBH 

A 



A BOOR FOR YOUTH. 
In r.cap Bto. prle* b. elolb ntra, 

HE SABBATU.BOOE : .Mors! and Reli- 
Batraala fnaa aaiaawad Kaatlah Aaibaaa. 

a, cbaIuSb woodpau.. 

I William Ball aad C* Paiatnatier Itow i J. Halebard 
aad Saai JaMta Nlibei and Co. John Jataulaaa. Bdlabwih j 
W.Cma^Oa-ObMlB. « 



THE SA 
■lawJ 



A TREATISE^ oiT^EURALGIA. 
B| ricrabo SOWLAKD, u.d. 
PbMdui LB Iba Cny Dupeaaari, *a. 
•• Dr. BlatMW vee B aa Heaialgla dsn hlia gttU aadlt, and 
*UI ba Teadllp aaBMHad I9 eeeif eaa wba baa to irtat in ebitl- 
aa** aaH^UIa malait.'-JMicaf SMMfr. 

•• Dv. Rawludi biaak la • aat; vaalbl aa*."— JMha-Otf rsfx'- 
MtReHne.Jaa. ISM. 

e. MiBbiaf . ■» rim nurni, I iaaiaa 



tt Ladgawsnaat. 



Na« «aady. ptiaa M. In ■ aaat eeaari ar It. Sd. basad In 
roan. taak, 

TILT'S POCKET ALMANAC; or, 
Oaldaaalth ImpraTad, tm IVB. Slaa. 4 hi t| laebaa, 
aaallt aeintad la iwd aad blaak, eaailaMa«, la adllUaa te Ow 
aaaal Caatfiitt, Rallcaad Tab!** of Time aad Panit aad laler- 
l«*f«d al* blaab aaaaa fci llaaar aa da 

Gbaflea Tm,jna*« Hwaal. 
«V>Tlin MlalMan JUia ac la — wtamad. 

THE flISTOEp*«f thjTFrOLEMIBS. 
Mj 8AMUBL allABPB, ^ 
Alaoi b> llw Mbm Aalkai, 

1. TheEariyHinoryorEgypmiricelSa.ed. 

baaxdi. 

2. A Vocabulary of Egyptian Uieroglypblch 

pile* ISi. M. board*. 

3. Egyptian Inicriptlflni from the Bntuh 

M«Bi«lHMaD««wBMI. _ 

THE LIFE, TIMES, and CHARACTER. 
lllTlC8,arJOHN BUNTA)*, ABihorBr«ThaPII|rlin'k 
Ptafreu." U| BOBBRT PHILIP. 

GemplM* In 1 *ol. ate. baand la dalh, prloa lb. 
With ■ nIandM ParHall Mid VlRnatta, a ParifnIK! af Banjia't 
WUU aad an KB|tB>laf af Ml CaltHa. 



Digitize 



I, aad an KB|tB>laf el hll CaltHa. 



32 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, &c. 



VAX-PyS GBEEK TESTAMENT. 



Foyrlta edUioB, wiUk naDd ReArMacMt and oUin IinpiDTCaaati, 3 

GREEK TESTAMENT, 

WITH ENGLISH NOTES, 

Critical, PhUoloslcal, uid Explanatory, from tbe mott eminent Critiu and Intnproten ; with Paiallel Paamga 
from the ClaMkt. and with Refemtcn to VlKer fbr Idioms, and Boa for Ellliweat to wbidi U praSxed. m ahort Tie*, 
tite on the Doctrine of the Greek Article, according to Blihou Middletoa, Mr, Granville Shan. ^ briefly and am- 
peniltouil; explained, aa applicable to the critictein of the Nsw TMUBMBt The vadgu* Bcndlnp an recorded 
imdef the TnL Greek and BngUfh Indeua an added. 

By the Hot. E. VALPY, B.D. 

Two natei an added, one lUuitTatlTe of the TraveU of the Aprntlei, and the other a Hap of Judaii and s 

PUnof the City and Temple of Jenualem. 

ThU Work U intended fbr Students In Divinity, as wU at the LUmi;. 

"ThU Greek Teatanuot It the most valuable of any that bai tM been VublMied iritt critkal and j hlMo glcal 
apparatus, npedally for studenta who wUh to purdiase only one edftloa."— nim^« JnlradttcUM to the BBto. 

" ' Valpyt GredcTeatamHit' It tobeprafened toelther Di. Burhui's or Dr. BtooinfieU't.'— ChrMlan Guardian. 

" Thii Is a TaluaMe atxetdoQ to the aids theundergtadualet, the ditinlty student, and even the theologian. 
We cordially recommend iti and thoae who with to purchase only one cuc^rtAentlve Qretk Tesument, and that 
not very expendve, will find in this edltkn the very object of their tearch.'— CAHMan HmtambraMt*r. 

Printed by A. J. Viilpy, and lold by Meurs. Whittaker and Co. London, snd all 
other Bookaellan. 



WORKS BY SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE. 



1. ON THE CONSTITUTION OF CHURCH AND STATE, 

AccMiUnK to tha Idea of eadit with Alda toward a ilAtJudnaenttm the UtnCall^ towlildilbadded, 
TWOX&V SERMONS. Bdiladfkan Iha Anlhot^cotnctadCapiM, widt Hotai. 

Bf HKNRY HKLSON COLBRIOQE, E^, H.A. 
Itt tap Bra rtka 7>. Jnit publWwd. 

XPOETICAI. AND DRAMATIC WORKS. 

Thb cditloo U the only compleU one niant, conulntac many new Poamtt and ia unUbtmly printed 
with theAldlneediUoaoftheBritlthPoMa. 3 v(te £09 Sra, Ite 

3. AIDS TO REFLECTION, 

In the Formatlan a Manly Chaacter. on Iht aarcnl poundf ofPnidincai MonUtyt and Ranglai. 4th 
cdlUoDtfleBpSTo. IndiapnH. 

4. THE FRIEND; A SERIES OF ESSAYS, 

To aid in the Formation of Fixed Pilndplea In FolUks, Menli. and Hell^, with Literary AmoMnuntt 
Intenpened. 

A new edition, wididM Anthoc^laitCanwaiaUt and an AppOidlztiRth a Synoptkal Table of OwCoataBto 
oTtbeWoA. 

By HKNRY NELSON COLBRIDOE, Eq. H.A. 
3 vak. tup Svo. pioB lai, 

5. THE UTERABY REMAINS OF & T. COLERIDGE. 

Edited by H.N. COLERIDGE, bq. In I nk. Svo. U. U 
Contents.— Fan of RobtapUiw AdAltkwal Poems, itttr b^/bre prtotfeJ Coomof Laetora>— O mnl a n >- S hat- 
nwre. with Introdnctory Matter on Poetry, the Dram*, and the Stage— Notei on Ben Jonson, Baaumoot and 
FMchattJomr Taylor, Pullar. ffii TlMoiu BrawDe, ftc 

6. t30I£RIDQE'S LITERARY REMAINS. VOL. lEL 

Bdllod by HENRY NELSON COLERIDGE. Bk|. HJU 
Coolentt.— Formula of the Trinity— Nightly Prayer— Note, on the Book of ComwMO Prayer, Hoeker, Field, 
Donaa,H«irrHai«Hdnridi^Had«t, JonmyTaylor.thtnigilm'iPragiw.Jota Sio,I». 

7. MEMOIRS OF SAMUEL TAYLOR COI£RIDGB. 

By JAMBS OILMAN, Eiq, Vi&LSnLlOhU 
*•* TobeGompleUdlaTwoVtdumM 

WILLUM PICKERING, PUBLISHER, CHANCERY LANE. 



In S toIl poll t». 

THE HUGUENOT. A Tale of the Frencli 
FrDt.iluiti. 

Bjr Ih. ADihdt of" The nsfabH," fee. 
rnrt paint et *U« *. eeaiMw <Ttie HafBSMt* to ke 
ih. Mt luocMirBl rfMr. JuH*'*Mi«lh The taMNM ef Iba 
turt Mm fltp."— JTaaM^ CtrmiM*. 

JoitrMdj, 

Love't Exchange. By Cfaarlei Boyle, Eiq. 

L«adaa: LM«nuo> Onae, and C 



IB £eap Sw. wllh Baarariiwafttr Drawliiea b> Bwyh, 

rpHE NATURAL HISTORY of 

I MONKBV8, LBMURA, moA OPOS8UMR. Vot. I. 
Mnf til. r«nj-MM*« VelBM at Of LIbnn of MaMrtalalat 
KnawMfK 

Vt/UEmmMtt. 
AM lb* Valant* at Um Sttm ■>• watUatlr .n •ale, wfc* 
4<.SA«rb.lacMh,«Twllh«ite<|M,ti.«*d. TbefaMtf 
pedalli Mlivta'^a. tiaal. weAi, Aw>nMiMt to (be Vaaiw. 
*eii|li»i CbBtlatKBlflMaBACe,nMgaWiMei. 



TIm IBlh •dlUea. liroMttwa wllh a Pmtall of lb. Aulhort .rui 
Harlav, tad WMdeau fnm Dadgat ot Otmf Crailuluat, 
r.cas Bra. Oi. V. 

REJECTED ADDRESSES. 
Jalm Kanaj, AlbtnuU Bmet. 



fife. It. M. 

A POPULAR INTRODUCTION to 
BXVBRIHBNTAL CHBHIBTRY. cnUlnlni ■ IV- 
KTlpUon ofUMApwitna nqulndlteCfiBduetlBallMWFncaiM 
vbUh flTMd.hadianWB(liHi srClwniKtil StadanU, aluddMsd 
h] nanmeo* Plnni aad mij BipwIaMat.. 

Biid hj JobnTulM, Snkiallw and PabUtbnr, Uppn Oowtr 
Bimli ■BdWsttlniudHIII.PhltoMiihloallaHrBmniillakai, 
Cbuln(CraM, LmuIm. 

AlM,Brlc* li. 

W ATKINS and HILL'S NEW and 
ENLARUBD DEHCRIPTIVB CATALOUUB. wlili 
PfleM anxMl. oTth. elMndn AMOTtoim .f InitnoiMU and 
AppBiMu coauraeud bl Itwat tot Ih* lanMIgaliaa aad JUa.. 
liaUiw af BaaariBMiial PhltaMplu aad ChMtltdj. 
Ta be had atWaikiM and UUlTl&aMhlnwai, S Ofeaili«CHH, 
fcia*l» > aadaf aHltaafeNMn' 



irngtoK lUnt, Jam. U. 

MR. BENTLEVS NEW PUBLICA- 



t Itim mrntUn 
TtONEi,>wenadT. 



Sun SlidL^ BnUdw of CanaAu 

iTCl-tfa. 

•1. 

The Wit ' BuiuhT. 

BiHn. nrilMa. 
a lais. pati an. ftUa 

UI. 

Hemoln orCfauloi Mftthom, Comadlu. 

t nh. STfc wllh na— e a t ctaaaseladUlc IIIatuatloM. 



IT. 

Bobtrf'theBovl; 

A KaButoe af lb. Dm ar Cbariai M. 
Bf J. P. KMawlr.lbq. 
» fab. pMt 8*0. price Nt. 

V. 

Wild Soenea in the Foreit and Pmlrie. 

Bf C. F. HoAiniB, Bto. 
Aalbai or << A Wlaur 1b Ih. Far WaM.' 
■ nlu pofi era. piloe Iti. 

VI, 

Intudeott of Travel in the Ruisian and 
Torldsh Empirea. 

Bj J. L. Stnhai, Xiq. 
AathOTor*' locUai* oftntM la ibo Hal) Land, 
Bdeoi, aad Bapi.'* 
a lalt. (mbU Bra. friea IBfc 

VII. 

Peter Pilgrim. 

BfDi.BM, 

AMharer*'NlakarUwWaad.,-'lke. ■vdi.iMntara.priaelD. 

VIII. 

A Now andabtapoTodlUoB ot 

Dr. MilUngen'a Cnnoaitiei of Medical 
Ezperieoce. 

Beflial aad eea^nihl; niHmiod. eoatfMc la I thick 
it*. nL price Ut. 

UE. 

The Hon. Hojmtatuart Elphlnitooe^ 

Aooount of the Kingdom of Caubul, and iu 
Dependendea in Peraia, Tart8f7, and India. 

No* oditloo, mrUad, with Addition*, la I *al>. Sro- bond, wllh 
Hap uhI oUim' Platoi. 
A Haadaid work, valuibl. 01 all tlmM ■• * hUtmj and fic- 
nn af a pMallar utlon 1 bnt ofpnUealV InmM ud allll^at 
fimm, an aecoani of oar IndlM niailoat."— spKtoici. 

ftlsbard Bnlln, Mrr BDiilnsm Hunt. 
Fnbhdior In OidlBorr u Hot U 4 hit- 



In a *aU. Rto. price aO*. 

THE LIFE of THOMAS REYNOLDS. 
Bm. IWnwilT of Kllkoa Canle, in tbe Cwtj ef KJldaic. 
BjbbMW, THOMAS HBITHOUIS. 
LandMi U.IIo<var.»Fan MaUBaM. DaUlai HUBkaa 
aadSaa 

PETER PARLEY'S WORKS for 
YOUTH, *ltb noHraoa Bncniinii. bonnd with «n- 
beiMdeoMt*. 

PublUbad hj Tb.mii T.ic, No. 71 Ctaoipdd*, and (old 
b; oil oUiai BoakHllan. 
' I, Ttio* abantlaropo, Aala, Aftieoiud AnMika.TbM. 

■ Bmu, Bird*, ritho*, and Inatcil. T*. dd. 

a. iho »« and FaBido Oans, O. dd. 

4. tb(ltaa,Ua«a, Stan, aad Ca«uwi.4«.M. 

1. thaUBllad SMMoTAauricaf. ad. 

a. BnfUnd. traUnd, OBd SoalluH), 7*. M. 

T AnolMl and bfodon areae.. *i. U. 

«. CbnMnu*andlttr*«UtltlH,7f,ed. 

a ihoUTMBiB*T'.rotocrwbj,4fced. 

la. Uof>mtIHlMon,4f.dJ. 

11 RaMaBdlfKl«Blul),tt.a«. 

IB. tfi^^tholagr of Aaelon OrMce and Horn, 

HISTORICAL CLASH.BOOKS. 

A COMPLETE COUBjE of ANCIENT 
HIBTORr eftba ST ATSBM NATIONS of ANTI- 
QUITIB8. 

Bf lb. Rot. Dr. ROBINHON. 
IDaottBtad bf Pin cdonred M*pa. prict B>. ti. iMund. 

2. An Abridgement of Goldstmlh'B History 

or Unoot, with a coloand Hop, a*. 94. 

3. An Abridgemeut of GoMimith's History 

at R«mr, wllh a ooloarad Map. Si. td. 

4. Five Hundred Que«tioni on Ooldimiih's 

UiitOTf rfUroMf, K. 

fi. Five Htindred QueMumt on OoldsmiUi's 

HlU«jarBaBa,l(; 

6. A Key to the Qaesdons on Oreeee and 

HaaM, li. 

7. A Oolde to the Study the History of 

Rutland, la ■ Borla* oTQaaMlaat, bf /. PImlan. 

3. SenlaiiSofaDol Llbnrf,No. 131 PIcititlrvci. 



Pirint*dbrJAMBN MOVES. arBreA6non,Hamniortn>ltb, la 



ib.C.nnlj of Hlddlnoi, FrlBtrc. at U* PrMtlBj^OIBco, Nnai 

pre 

l>SaalhBI.It«aBtioot,ln ihoFaiMi ariUIBiUHnn.HaBMor 
^Baie,lBtta*ConBlfBAMuld,^ltheLITKRAHVaAZMTTR 



bar IBCaille 8ITMt. l.alcaMH Houn. In ihow 
BBb1l>b«l bj WILtlAK ARMIOBB SCNIP! . 
l>SaalhH.lt«a8tioot,ln ihoPaiWi aflUhilUHinn.HaBnor 



OobbU: aad 
SCNIPrS, ofNaBbn- 



Ohidi, ifuber'T Wetliaalow Html, Watortoo BildRP, 
amafcln 9m taM CBMi4HftMMla» JaMn? f UA, ma. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE; 



AND 



No. 1148. 



LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 19, 1839. 



PBICE 8d. 



mBVlBW OF NEW BOOKS. 
£mrarf and Homarue, Afrimm and European. 

By Richard Johoa, Lieut. Rojfil Afarina. 

3 Tob. ISmo. London, 1839. Bentley. 
These ToluniM contain " Sebutian of 
tanl,'* which oecupiet nearly two ot dnm. 
** The Pirate IilMid," " Attah,^' » The Roehue 
of Fernando Po," » The Cape of Stomu/* and 

Vata, or the Lereller of Altan ." The anther 
is tiremiy adTantageonily Icnown to the literary 
world, both as a poet and as the contributor of 
vanr derar papers to Tarioui periodicals ; but 
he has now put forth a superior strength, and 
■hewn himself aqanX to more important iinder- 
takingi. One rare merit which has marked 
all his prndoctlmu, is d^Iy obrioos in these 
pages — we mean origiMlity. Ndther In the 
longer narratira nor to the shorter pieces has 
be borrowed plot, tnddent, thoui^t, or lan- 
from other writerk. Hit geiiins has con- 
triffedhiaownttoriei; the adrenturee described 
Stan to be the aetoal transcript of trnthi, how. 
erar extraordinary ; his thooghta are natnral 
to ^ drcamstancas i and even Us st^e has a 
sort at reality aboat it, whidi seemi to con- 
vince the reader that " here be focts," and bo 
mere creation* ttf the fertile brain. 

" In these legends (Mr. Johns tells as) the 
author attempu to embody some small portion 
of the romance Incidental to the connexion 
between Europe and Africa. The descriptions 
of localities introduced are ^ther from his per- 
sonal obserration, or the onpubliehed anthority 
of greater Toyagera than he pretends to be, 
who hare kindly assisted him in his topo- 
graphy. With reference to Western Africa, 
seenea are laid among pirates and slave-dealers, 
iriiieh. It is to be regretted, cannot Introdnce 
■ore respectable dramaHt perttmm; hat aaeh 
mdf were the duuracters lent by Eorope to 
theae ooasts, till Great Britain commenced her 
aflorU for the abolition of the slave-trade: 
ffforts which, it ii to be hoped, will at length 
be sDoeessfoI, and then Mister days may 
dawn oo Africm'a unhappy sbwei t but such as 
they were, during the pwiods reCMred to, has 
bean portrayed, so far as necessary, for the il- 
hutnuion of the legends. The history of Se- 
haatian, king of Portugal, ia involred in much 
ebaenrity by the contradictory statements of 
coalaai|Kirary historians t bat ttie author, with 
defcnaee, soggcflts that the grcnnd he has 
H^m is fbUr as capable of dmnce as of as. 
wait; thongh he means not, by such assertion, 
10 Araw down the ganntlet to those who would 
vnmartiAiBy tUt tlw blitorleal gatherings of a 
poor story-Mler, in the hope of finding them 
chaff.'* 

Soefa is the definition of the writer, and we 
bare but to testify that he has fiUrly and ably 
wrought out his conceptions ; so carefully 
terading hfansdf on all his data, that if he 
had been prodndng history. Instead of " Imnd 
aad romance," it would pnnle die eri^ to 
detect faults in him. 

The characters in ^'Sebastian orPortngal" be* 
lo^ to the noble family of Hontoyo, to Moorish 
endves, and to other subordinate personaget, 
who era deeply involved In love aflairs, before 
tbe Uof cndMriu on hie fatal AlricaD rape. 

Man. Tkiiber At ktlm art tmipoftidJiiimlt job my hu^ If yon wUlf buttbu 



and the events of tlie war afcilfully intermin- 
gled with the fictions of tbe author's invention. 
Among the earlier scenes fignres a certain Pa- 
dr£ Chaves, of whom we shall beg leave to 
make an example, pour tneourager let autret. 

'The boon companions* recommenced 
their wine. The servitor, despite his threat of 
staying but for one bottle more, was easilyper- 
Buaded to aee out another, and another ; while 
the padr£ was too delighted at the acquisition 
of the gold, the presence of an old associate, 
and the opportune absence of Ma^erita, not 
to feel inclined for even extra indulgence, — 
albeit a difficult point to reach with so habitual 
a toper. All concealment and restraint forsocdc 
him: be frit, diac if there were a creature in 
the world to whom he could unburden himself, 
it was Nicolao, who wall knew the priest's pec- 
cadilloes, and had, in fact, by the discovery of 
them, on more than one occasion, got Chavei 
complMely within his power. * Don't talk to 
me of women,' cried tne padr£, in answer to 
some of the ■ervllor's free jokes t * I have for- 
saken them, treacherous minxes ! I believe my 
niece would hand me over to the new inquisi- 
tors if she found me confessiag millers' wives, 
after hours, nowadays. Let ui stick to wine, 
Nicolao,' continued the priest; *dost know 
what I mean to do with thy fifty piece* ? Tht 
greatest charity I can confer upon sodety Is to 
explain the nature of beverages which the in- 
genuity of man hath concocted under the spa. 
cioni generinal name of wine. I am certain 
that little is knowQ about vinous poisons ; and 
what is more deleterious than bad drink ?' Here 
the padr6 took a draught at the flagon before 
him, which proved his perfect confideaoe la the 
present tipple being eipedally good. Another 
and another mil at the cup snooeeded, till, it la 
to be feared, us intended inquiry into the per- 
nicloas qualidea of vinous poison was, for the 
present,Iost in the general pnilosophvof drink- 
ing, on which point he became peculiarly dls> 
cursive. ^ Hy son/ remarked the maudlin 
padri, loiddng with grave a^ect at Nicolao, 
who 'was taiMBg him to the top of Us bent, 
' drinking is fm honest ooeopation, and injures 
no one. Look at the lower animals; they 
always enjoy a draught more than a feed. The 
horse snorts with delight in his bucket; the 
cat purrs as she laps i. tbe docks lift their 
heads ingratitude to heaven even fax a throttle- 
fnl of muddy water from a green pond. Oh I 
drinking is a blessed act tbroa|^uKit all crea- 
tion ; and man, bring alone in the possession 
of reason, has inventeii wine: hut it ouj^t to 
be good, Niodao. £ven instinct teaches where 
tbe best liquor Is to bo found. Look at tbe 
bee,* droned the padni, closing his vma and 
shaking his head, as though he were duivering 
a homily.~^or the purple draughts he, had 
uken sadly bewildered his bndn ; 'look at the 
bee, how he goes from flower to flower, tasting 
and tasting the mawkish stuff, till he comes to 
the hollyhock ; and there he sticks till he 
swills his full, like a jolly fellow, and drops 
where he drank. Now for the moral, Nicolao, 
nyi son !* and Padr£ Chavea opened hia eyes 
wide. In a sort of ecstasv, which nude hia oom- 
panion roar with laughter; *I wlU ring my 



little insect shames man, even the wisest, who 
drinks bad liquor.' Then, fixing liimself se- 
curely in liis ch^r, he trolled forth, with a 
deep bass voice, this moral lay : 

' Whkt li tha love of Uw tuUp to me V 
Said the happy, sod dnjoinf tlpiv hoc ; 
' The roK mav bluih m I bat ten bf. 
The Illy may hsna her bead and die ; 
But. oh 1 atthdTjealouipannl mock, 
Mine be the Jiilce of the hollyhock— 
To tip the iweeu of the bonyhock— 
The tlpiy iweeu of the hollrbock : 
UlDe, mine, mine the juke ofUie hollyhock ■- 

And what u 'the Muih of the &lre*t cheek i 
And what care I for the love It may speak I 
Black eye. or haiel, or aiore hue. 
May weep, like flowers, in pwly dewi 
FOTiCAi'. St the mn|[*af lotelmocki 
As (ip« the bM of the hollyhock— 
The Up>y tweeti of the hollyhock : 
Oh! inltiebetbeTineyanl'ipurpleitock,— 
Wine! wine! wine! likejoiceof thebcdiyhock! 

Letothen look to the store* of the faive. 
And, like humble-bee*, with the thrifty thrive: 
Away with care, and let toll be o'er [ 
The ivAlng nape give uiwins In More : 
For, oh I at (he woee of life I mock. 
A« lip* the bee of the hoUvhock— 
The tlpey aweeU of tbt hou^hodc : 
Oh! nuna be the Tiseyard'e purple stock.— 
Wloe! wtael wtae! like the Jnlce of tbe hoUyhock >: 

* Bravely song, my friuid I bravely sung t ' 
cried the delighted servItCH' ; *wby, thou art a 
naturalist, and a philosopher, and the most 
immaculate of padres 1* 'And an you not both 
ashamed of yourselves?' exclaimed a shrill 
voice at the door of the apartment. ^ Senhor 
Nicolao, is such your friendship for the padr^, 
when you know that a Uttle wine makes lum 
almost betide himself?* With this aflecting 
appeal to Nicolao's conscience for having be- 
guiled the abstemious priest into a debauch, 
entered Marguerite, a buxom damsel of about 
five and twenty years. Her uncle regarded her 
with the leaden eye of Intoxication, for the 
sudden appearance of his affectionate relative 
had quite finished him. Nicolao, who had 
been tan^^t to drink among bull-fighters, was 
sufficiently composed to make all proper ex- 
cuses. The padK was carefully led to hit bed, 
after whidi tlie servitor ratified a peace over a 
^ass of liqueur with the mollified lady ; and 
then, seeking hts horse, was in a few minutes 
on his road to Lisbon." 

This is a just sample of the writer's spirit : 
and the jolly padre's experiments upon nines, 
as afterwards ralated, an equally redolent of hu- 
mour, and will be read both with pmutement 
and instruction, —for they an curious an the 
subject. 

Camoens, the poet, is Introduced, perhaps 
rather artificially, as he has little connexion 
with the st(^(ezcept as the master of Zadig, a 
faithful Moor); but, as an individual portrait, 
who broui^t the orange Into Portugal and died 
in poverty, it stands ont boldly and nobly in 
relief. We will extract as mum as we can of 
Us dea'Ui. Zadig has returned from the dis- 
astrous African war. 

Camoens was in far greater poverty than 
when tbe Mooribad left him. Then, it is tni<', 
the snperfluitiea of life were denied, but ihrie 
yet ramained food and raiment: whilr tbnt 
whldt robing and anstenauce were to the UihIv, 
tbe mind still held^ possessimii despite mix- 

, ^im^'I^Zl^^^^K^^^r^U, like tbe 



34 



THE WT^HARY GAZBTTE, AND 



apple of th« Dead Sea shore, becatne uhtti, and 
the green leavet of pnmiie withered with the 
Ktttng Min, the mdnuog renewed them : now, 

110 renewal came I Sack was the auhitance of 
Cfimoeiii' welcome to the Moor, who fonndhim 

111 an obscure lodgini; within the western suburb 
of Lisbon. * Ah, Zadig ! I am now poor in- 
deed,' continued the bard, pursuing the theme 
of hii Inereued nHsery; * food, raiment, hope, 
alt gone,— even thelier fs to be denied me ! 
My last ooin li expended ! I thought a)t had 
abandoned me, and that to-morrow I must hare 
Iteen cast forth to die in the street, or, per- 
chance, carried to an hospital. The bndcen 
chalice wbieh oonudni the drega of Kfia were 
better crushed at once than perish thni i but in 
thuse dregt a pearl esisu no p<^son can destroy ; 
'twill rise Bgaf n to gem the courts of liearen : — 
such is my belief^ Zadlg. Hast thou in thy 
stmnge creed, nude up of chaotic elements, con- 
founding mystery with mystery, a better soul- 
Buscainiing' hope when the worn frame Is totter, 
ing o'er that gulf where nature shrinks from 
that which is moet natural — from death?* 
' Master,*, answeftd .Zadfg, evading the ques- 
tion, wbioh he knew was mit a gauntlet dirown 
down inritlng ailment, * it la with Hfewe hare 
to do, not death. How wilt thou live on with 
lack of bread, when disease fi feeding on thy 
wasted powers t Have all means been tried to 
awaken the ODmpairion of the eourt P Was it 
to die uMT Uia abode of the rich and prond, the 
high of Mrth, tliey hired Portugal's only bard 
with the mockery ^ a pension ?' ' Even so, 
Zadig 1 my name stlU swells the courtly retinob 
tiebsstisii dead, I shall be considered tlie pen. 
sioner of Dum Henry ; allowed admfttanoe to 
the presenee.ehaniber, could I cnwl there, and 
yet denied the paltry pittance that wonld gain 
me food. Hy meals hare often now a grace 
more solemn than prayer or thanksgtrbig— a 
yesterday of fasting!' 'Dear master,* ex- 
claimed the Moor, '■ this must not be :' and his 
broad ^eet heaved wirii emotion at he gwed on 
tlie pallid face of Camiiens, o'er whfadi a tmUa 
pUyed, thonrii It vai but a sad one. Tbeimfle 
of the blind is ever painful to the beholder, for 
the brlghtncas whidi shoald iUume it is not 
there, and the bard was then rapidly losing the 
siglit of that eye which had directed the labours 
of bis Immorul pen : thus threatening to In- 
Tfllva ooflf who mentally liad been the ontr light 
which had risen fbr iget over the iat^wotual 
gloom of Portugal, In perfscc night. That 
Camoens' vivid fancy should yet return, and 
its scintlUattonB burst forth, even at bis own 
distresses, need not surprise us. Camoens Itad 
been taught by affliction to become a Christian 
philosopher ; and Misfortune had so long made 
her home with him, that she was Aunlilar as a 
friend. Not even when disturbed try faitmi^ 
on the privacy of bti tboughta— when ^ted 
those who sought the gratuitous offices at hfs 
muse, wMle they wl^held die assisunca which 
might long have kept on earth the soul of the j 
immortal genius whose aid they craved — could : 
he be aroused to anger. A fidako, named i 
Buy Oias d> Camera, was the laet who came to | 
his mlsenUedwelllng on tMiangractoos errand. 
He reqaeated the poet to translate Into Portu- 
guese tor him the Peniteatfal Psalms, and Ca. 
moena thus expressed himself in answer to his 
solicitations: 'Whenlwroteversee, Iwasynung 
and had sufficient food ; was a lover, and beloved 
bymanvAiendet thtHlfflltpoedeardoor. Now 
I am withoot energy. Bmdd ! I require two 
vintems to boy omi, and I have them not.' 
His' appeals to the ministers of Dom Henry 
bad been equally manly and affecting, but 
lubdned. Hta diaeaHi ^^raleil by want df 



nourishment, long prevented him from leaving 
his lodgings 1 his letters to the court were un- 
answered, and he remained untanded and uit. 
visited. The return of Zadig, and the devoted 
attachment lie expressed for Camoens, cheered 
the desolate sulTerer ; but he at once saw the 
improbability of assistance from such a source.' 

Zadig goes out and b^ for him, and retnmfc 
with a small quantity of bread md wbw, of 
which he gives to his nithful friend. 

" ' Drink, Zadig; the poison of diaease Is not 
on my llpe. It is true that I am dying ; but 
mv frame bath yet the energies of years in it. 
I nave heard, the hut of life — the strong desire 
to live — doth sdmethnes give reanimatlon to the 
sick whom the sage medidner hath pronounced 
as on Ae bed of death, Hy soni has wearied 
of this earth, nor will it lend the vital spark 
to longer bondage. I have already lived too 
long: I look for fellowdiip hi vain; — friends 
I have none save thee. Ah ! Catharina, hea- 
ven is thy fitting home ; soon shall I join thee 
In thoee realms of bHu. And than, Antonio t 
Mend of my youth, sharer of every thought, 
and oomrade In fields of toil and danger — yes I 
we sbdl meet within the world of splriu, and 
from the reabns of space regtu^ taU sublu- 
nary scene; amid die wouderi of reviving 
spheres, with all the secret springs of essence 
and of matter bared to eyea opened on Im- 
mortality, still pondering one myitery,— -how 
man, who feels that he doth Joomey to eter. 
nity, can toy with lib as though it ud hat to 
annihilation.' • • • 

It was about the tenth month afier Zadig 
had taken on himself the dharge of Camoens, 
whom all odter* seemed to have foigotton, that 
the Moor had the morUfioatioa of ratumfng 
home, without even the coarse food whIdi had 
till then sustained these companions in misery. 
Supperless had they gone to their bard beds, 
for Zad^ had not that day earned enough to 
procure a meal. Heavily the bard slept, but 
the eyes of his watchful friend were ever open* 
tag tA regard the dek man. Tha diioM of Che 
eburoh ef Sanu Anna tM the hour of mid- 
night, when Zadig started from the ground. 
Cwnoens bad called him by name. Seated up- 
right in tha bed, hit eye dilated, and beaming 
with a strange lustre which semnad to absorb 
the rays of the solitary taper plaCad near him, 
the hhrd fixedly regarded, the Moor. One 
hand was retting on the' pllloir, supporting 
blm la his upraised position, and with tlie 
other he slowly beckoned. ' Zadig,' said Ca- 
moens, 'I have been in a trance.* 'No, master, 
thou hast but slept,* quickly aoswered his 
alarmed attendant. ' I have been in a traaoe, 
Zadig,' solenmly reiterated die dying man, 
' and I have seen a vision mingliBg earth and 
heaven. I had been ms dead, U bliss like 
tb« I /eh we mav call death, aad bad In sjdrit 
eome to hover o er the earth. Princes and 
people, sages and bards, a gathering of nations, 
were calling on Camoens. That fame, winging 
its way throitgh Christendom, for which my 
soul in life had panted, now was mine. Ho- 
nour to Cunoens l-~every tongue joined In the 
sung of praise. Amid this strange ajiotheosls, 
I heard a seraph's -voice, and thus it spake : 
' Wilt thou return to earth P* The winui that 
bore me trembled ; but I answered, * Bather 
be mine with humble strain to swell our loud 
hosamuhs round the celesUal tbruue.' ' The 
poet's eye grew dim. * Zadlff I'— liIs head 
bowed towards the Hoor i the Eand which had 
gnuped his relaxed itt pressure ; and the nol 
of the bard of ZiudtonU passed to the realm of 
aplrita. His Inddenlal mention of the oonveot 
of Santa Anna datenninad fita iaat mtlsf .plae« 



of Camoens. It was the nearest rell^ous 
house to the shed which had sheltered the 
dying bard. Here, beneath a nruoMe slab, 
were deposited the mortal remains of the au- 
thor of the ' Lnciad,' undistinguished from the 
humblest unlettered peasant of Portugal ; his 
obsequies unattended, as hia death was nnla- 
mented, by all save one faithful attendant.** 

Our author restores Sebastian to his ooontry^ 
but as a private man, who retires to Ae moun- 
tain passes of Astorga, and paaaea Us lifo 
from the ambition of a throne. 

Of the ether tales we must speak briefiy. 
The Pirate's Island" is a strange wild story, 
in'whidi the cmae of a fotbar and die fate of a 
Comldi fiunlly, above a oentnry ago, are vi- 
vidly painted. In this, as well as in "Attah,** 
the next In siiecsaaum, and indeed In all, the 
author's acquaintance with the tropical dime 
and scenery, enables him to draw vtiry striking 
aad reid lectures of die dtaadans where be em. 
bodies bis Ktion. In " Attah,** In pardealar, 
there are daseripdtms wUeh anct in prose what 
Coleridge's '*Auncient Jtariner" prodooed In 
poetry — die most powerful imagee and emo- 
tions. Tlie loves m the slave-dealer and hb 
faithful negro giri are told widi deep interest. 
" The Beduse" and " The Cape of Storms" 
are also very impresdve; but "Vata," the 
oooduding ptaoe, of the DmUIeal period, b 
altogether so origiual m oonoepdoB, and ao 
bokUy eseeuted, that we woild eapedaUy 
commend it to die public. 



The Doctrine if the JJebtgey vtndioaHng ilte 
Seriptural Aeotmnt J^om the Doubt* tehieh 
have reeeiMj/ been etut spen it bf Geelogieal 
Spaaulaiimt. By the Bev. h, yveuaa Bar- 
court. 3 nda. 8ro. London, 18S8. Ltnig- 
manand Co. 
A FancH wHtar aays that. In etymolegf, 
" Les cotisonnas comptent pour peu de chose, 
et les voyelles pour Hen," a prindple irtiicb, in 
the volumes before us, haa been oariiad to its 
fall extent. No uKHtsman can more ei^joy die 
axdiment of a chate, than Mr. Hareourt da- 
lighu in the hunt after an evasive root. If tha 
scent suddenly is lost in the Hebrew langnagt, 
he feJlt upon It ag^n in the Coptic, and away 
he goes in full cry after hhi victim, until ha 
fioaUy runs it down in the I'honiiHan, after a 
terlai of IitoredHde lens over every In^edlnenc 
of reawm and probability. We r^ret thitt thU 
montMoanla, ic we mar ao call it, disfigures 
what might otherwise have beao an able and 
instmcdve werit. A great pwtiou of Mr. Bar- 
oourt*8 pagee are devMed to an attempt to trace 
the faUee tha heathen mytiiology to the age 
of Noah; and In the proaeaution of this de- 
sign, although it is of little value in itaelf, he 
has brought togethera store of important mate- 
rials, whldi may hereafter be randered eml- 
nendy avattaUe for a Cerent purpoee. That 

nrt (if tha work wbids proves the deluge lo 
ve been a type <d the Christian sacrament of 
baptism, and enters into a discoadon upon the 
nature of r^neraUon, evinces strong -powers 
of argument and a correct jndgmant, and pre- 
sents a fordUe eontrast to the irratitmal and 
extravagant tone of his etymolo^eal deduotions. 
We extract die following passage, at a fairspad- 
men of Mr. Harcourt's stylet— 

The long period of time whidi was suifiered 
to elapse while the vengeance of Ood hovered 
over the derated eardi, wu admiraUy «ah»- 
hted to prore tbt diaraoter of tha p^aidi, 
and to ^ve him an oppmtunlty of preadiiiw 
repentance to the uiu;pdl>v— of shearing bis 



JOURNAL OF THE BELIES LETTRES. 



S5 



which wu the inslruniMt of deatniclion to tb« 
aobdimiog world, became the iMtniiDant of 
nhratioo to thow who b«U«rad tho woid of the 
Lord. But there wm snotbtr laoct importuit 
■dnaliga pUmd br lha nods of pDnUumit 
■elected. The flood, which purified the eerlh 
and expiated iu guilt, «nd renontcd the faee of 
oature, inoulested, at the eeme time, m morml 
leeeoa to be truumitted to ell nKoeediiig gene> 
rmtiooa i it tangfat meo that there can bt no 
recondliation to Ood without atonement, and 
that the iiaim of sin mat b* waabad away, and 
thai unrf alnner moat be r e gwierated in ofdor 
to e iowe the cnrse which ain pKmAei. 8t. 
Peter oraaree that bapttam eavea na by the n- 
■orrection of Jeiaa Chriit. At 6rtt lieht the 
direct oonnexion between theae dootnnea ia 
not very obvioui i hut it mnat be remembered, 
that a rcforrectioa from the grave bears a very 
doae analogy to that raeppeanuifle from the ark, 
wbldi was a aeoond liCa to those who had been 
•Btombed, as it were, in that huge coffin, w 
representative of Hades, the plsoe of departed 
spiriH. It was, therefore, equlvalmt to rege- 
neration; and St. Panl intisu open the re- 
aamUaace in expreu terras i * We are bnrled,' 
aaya he, * with Jesus Christ by baptism into 
death t that, like as Christ waa laisod op firom 
the dead by tlie glory of tb« Fkther, even so we 
aboshoaldwalkinnewnaasoffiflB/ Hiaaign- 
meot reqairoB that those who have been bap. 
tised should live as regenerated persons. Since, 
thai, the idea of escape from dettruotion waa 
the predominant notion which the Jem aas^ 
(dated with the reoolleotlon of the deloga^ thm 
Is another psasage in the prophet SMiarlah 
whieh muat be ooniidered an allnslan to the 
same event : ' It shall be in that day, that 
living waters shall go out from Jerusalem, half 
of them toward the former ma, and half of 
them toward the hinder seat in sumaw and 
in winter shall it be. And the Lord shall be 
king over all the earth— ^ the land shall be 
turned a* a ^ain fnm'Oeba to Rimmon, south 
of Jenualem : and It shall be lifted up, and in- 
habited in her plaee,— and men shall dwell in 
it t and there shall be no more utter deitme- 
tion, but Jerusalem shall be sahly Inhabited.* 
Pn^hecy Is aoautomed to mingle imsges of the 
fntnro with images of the pest. In the pwnt 
instance, to disentail^ bm ooo^BatMii, we 
toast oottsUar what dettruelloa Is iateaded. 
Now, it aan-acaroely be the destruction of the 
city ; for so far waa it from bdag utterly de- 
■troyed at the time when tlie judgmenta fell 
npon it, whicli weM jnst before denouneed, 
that one moiety of the people wore not tb be cut 
tram it t and the evmit vestfiod lim pre. 
dioticsi. BatUMHalirMrwotd,whlAla 
dered * utter destructleii* in our venioB^ is| 
translated by the Volgate and Ispltiagint 
* wialhema,* because it naeans a cone as well 
as deadation. If, then, we bear in mind the 
compassionate dedaratioo of Uim, who had 
Jnst shewn himself to be so sinaHy the Lewd 
and King over all the earth,—.*! will net again 
curse die ground any motn tat man's sake,'.— 
we can wanely doubt that a companson was 
intended between the covenant with Jerusalem 
and the former covenant with the eardi. In 
l^e preesdiug verse it is said, that all the land 
ahaU be tenwrf as a plun ; bat the wum ob. 
vious meaning of tlie Heimw word is, Aat it 
Adl be encompassed or surrounded ; and if 
rivers were to bnrat forth from Mount Slon to 
the east and to the weaC, the land woald be ea- 
conqiaased with waters, like the earth at the 
iMuge; and then the lifting up of the holy 
bill above tluiae watan, in order le iu being 
•afltly ishalritad, isinexaoteorraspoadeacewitft 



an opinion atill current among the HIndooa 
about their holy place, Benares. The mytbo. 
loglosl reason, says Wolff the mttsionary, given 
for its sanctity te, that during a great deluge 
the spsoe fiismlng the holy greond was raised 
by supernatural means, so as to remain above 
the waters, which liad drowned the rmt of the 
world. In eonnnion with which he observes, 
that the Hindooi have a nomber of expiatory 
rites, chiefly of the nature of penances for iln. 
But the pn^hetlo style required that iht cleans- 
ing agency of those waters should be principally 
r^araed. They were living waters ; waters 
of Miration ; waters flowing from the fountain 
noticed in the preceding utapter, which 
opened to the inhabitants Jerasalem toe sin 
and for unclean nais. Ther are the ezsct conn- 
terparts of tboaa rivers in Exekiel, which flowed 
from the temple, and carried life and healing 
with them to every place over which they 
pes>od-" 

Before we dose this brief notice of a work, 
the labour and ingenuity in whose oomposltlon, 
howenrer, ooeuienally mlsdlrectedj we cannot 
bat admire, we feel it oar duty to speak ia 
favoor of the spirit In which It is written. We 
are not of that daso who dilate upon the poverty 
and tneSaleney ef Ae reason of man, who would 
feridd its being exerdied upon those lofty sub- 
jects which eul forth Its highest powers, and 
who deem it presumptuous to frame even^a con- 
jecture upon those dark but Important points 
which afford a ooi^enisl sphere for exertion to 
the most elevated propertiea of the mind. Man 
b indeed but " a little lower than the angels." 
At Uie same dme, we are stin man oppani to 
those who, when the ooaclnsions of our limited 
discernment seem at variance with the revela- 
tions of infinite wisdom, endeavour to recon- 
cile the Scriptures to reason, instead of reaaon 
to the Scriptures i and we ara al^id that a 
fialing which would promote disunion between 
religion end sdenoe, by advocating theinteresu 
of Ute tatter as aIl-lmpMlant,'Is but too preva- 
Isnt. Science most ever be snbservient to re- 
ligion t and, in Its attempts to render itself in. 
dependent, it will be deprived of the only certain 
warrant for tmth it po ss ess e s, and be ustroyed 
in the anarchy and eonforion of the unaetued 
ideu which will spring np In the absence of all 
restraint. If, however, thdr pnnwr rdstlon be 
malntalDod, each will prove of the greatest ad. 
vantage to the other, mutually giving and re- 
eeiving frerii assistance ; and It is as an attempt 
to preserve this oonnaxkm nnimpatred, the dis- 
solution cf wbleh wooM be fatal to one party 
and iajurioos to the other, that we bestow our 
lUef fnim on Mr. Hai«mirt*s vahiaas* 



t99^M Saehmgt. A Tale. ByCharissJohn 
Bo^. Sv(ds. ISrao. London, 18S9. Long, 
man and Co. 
We have to add a new name to the list of sne- 
cessful novelists, though not a name new to 
sueoessftil literature i for Mr. Boyle ia, we 
believe, the brother of Miss Mary Bc^le, of 
whose authorship we had last yaar eocaslon to 
apeak so highly. It Is Mt ilway* that talent 
runs In the blood. 

In Lavt't SMhangt, there is mndi of re- 
flection npon the world, or rather upon the 
feelings with whidi we begin, pass through, 
and finish, life's eveotftil history. These all 
bespsak a refined mind,— a mind that loves the 
pure and good, and hnrrtee by Ae Impure end 
worthless. Then oar **plot la an admirable 
plot,'' and the secret so nncoesmonly well kept 
that we should be more than usually rehictant 
to betray a $einHUm of the koowlsdge we have 
acquind of it, throu^ two evpninfp* very 



pleasant reading. The prominent characters — 
such as Lady Helen Loftus, Basil Honeton, 
Boucbier(the weak and wavering hero), and 
others, are extremely well drawn ; and, alb^. 
Iher, our report must be most favourable to a 
rfAuf of so promising a kind, and so able a per. 
formancs. We are at a loss for example* — as 
we always are with works of the class — but the 
following quarrel between a ftUier and son, 
will shew tne author's powers over passion and 
dialogue ;— 

" The father and son met down here at the 
hall : both obstinately persiated In their former 
resolves. The onelmidly demanded pecuniary 
assistance; and the 'other, as loudly, met the 
demand with the most angry and sUncfa re- 
fusal. Sir Afaurice, in common conversation, 
often wsxed warm ; but in this Instance, he 
became more dreadfully violent than ever. The 
rider son, his favourite, and the only human 
being, who, at sudi a moment, could nave pos. 
sessed the slightest command over hts enraged 
parent, upon that morning was nnfortunately 
absent from the hall. No one, then, being at 
hand to curb the old man's ungovernable de- 
portment, it toon had iu way. After every 
sort of hitter Invective, he peremptorily ordered 
Sir Ralph to quit the house, dedaring, as he 
hoped to be send, that he would neither help 
him, see him sgafn, nor consent to receive any 
letter or paper sent by him, or concerning 
him. See him he never did after that day. 
The dreadful meeting here was their last. Sir 
Ralph, himself the inheritor of his father's im- 
petuous temper, was worked up to a high pitdi 
of frensy by this determined rejection, even of 
hii slightest dranands. As he -quitted Sir 
Maurice's presence, the overwhelming nature 
of his embarrassments mutt have struck liim tlie 
more forcibly, at he looked around at t)ie 
princely dwelling he was now about to quit, 
be might fancy, for ever. Diflleullies, hopeless 
and instant, crowded, one npon the other, into 
his mind. His anger passed Its former iioundB; 
and. In the heat and excitement of the moment, 
he raised his voloe; and, as he crossed the 
hall, used some loud and dreadful expreuiou. 
The words — at probably, at that instant, it waa 
Intended they snonld — failed not to reacli the 
quick ears of the old man, for he was still in 
the room above stairs; he started fnmi bis 
seat, and stepped oat npon that same balcony, 
at which Margaret appeared this morning, 
when ManHce interrupted her song, and made 
her come down to us. I should tell you that 
there were several servants In the hafl : some 
pasdng slowly dirougfa, others loitering more 
diddadly by the open door of the ponh, all, 
as you may suppose, watcliing, with mudi eu. 
riosity, the issue of so unusual an occurrence aa 
Master Ralph's visltat Honeton. 'Hear me I' 
cried Sir Maurice, loudly addressing his son 
from above, * Hear me, before you quit this 
house for ever ! Mame and disgrace aa you are 
to the name you bear, I would speak to you 
once more. You — ■ yon bis spMch 
died awav onRnlshed, so agitated was his man- 
ner. * You have, at least, bestowed upon me a 
name yon might call me by,' retorted the 
other t 'I am your own son, Sir Maurice 
Honeton I ' * Son 1 * burst forth the angry pa- 
rent, sumping with rage, and knocking hia 
dencbed first aplnst the balustrade — * Aly son, 
mw you t By Heaven 1 1 will never sgaln con- 
rider yen as ene. Sndi you shall ceate to be 
called by me, ere another momtnu' ' But by 
Others, neverthdess, my honoured father, re- 
plied Sir Ralph, ssrcastically, ' it will not be so 
easy to make the worid forget I am your son.' 
< Jt shdl be easy,* vodferated Sir ^aorlce ^ ' I 



86 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



will ditowii jaa tUt instant. I hen uttariy n- 
nouncA you, u Ood above, whow wrath be on 
you, ii my witnen ! Mark me, yonder,' he 
continued, beokoning to the eemnu; and, 
rniiing hia voice itill higher, * here, before you 
iill, I cost thii eon of nine from me. Shut my 
ilnoragaiotthin— drirehimfromit! Witneu 
wItMt I eay— leodlect that, from this very 
liour, I vill not, do not, look upon him aa my 
cUild^I hmvo tanwd myfim from him— I 
hnre diMlaiwwd every tie that ihonM connect 
us ! Go from my light, Ralph Honeton, for 
ever I — Leave n heoM you ihould never have 
i-jilled a home— even nov yon stand u a 
Htraiigarin it. Leave it^ait my roof—go I* 
Sir Ralph, as yet, made no reply; but he 
looked up at Ua InAer, and miled. Thia was 
pait endanuMB i wordi— mdi •> vne now 
dying away upon his own ear, angry, violent 
words —had hr better have bem attend, than 
that thia eiippressed laugh should have been 
percrired by toe enraged Sir Haurioe. It be- 
spoke such complete indifferenoe to the Un- 
g)iage which had bunt In a paroxysm of fury 
fcoin his lipe, that he was Instantaneously 
wrmight up to a more fearfhl j^teh than aver. 
* My wu ! tlien,' he cried, with an Inoreadng 
*tT*n of bitter irony on the word, every time it 
ixsiied from his mouth—* my son ! — sitice I am 
In call you to, listen to me — listen to year 
father. Yon have come to crave yoor portion : 
verily, you are my diild, and you shall have it. 
Retmet, than, thte inatant what you have 
said ; and de^re that I cnifer what you have 
demanded generoosly. If you do not, a He is 
on your timgne ; for, what I give yon, I give 
freely — readily — willingly. Take my curse ! — 
do you mark me ?— My curse — from my heart I 
Itestow it!* 'A goodly heritage,* cried the 
other, his anger eqnidly rieliw t * but tlw bettw 
to enbance yoor generodty, it sbonld have eost 
you, like any other gift, some small repugnance 
to part with it, my good father I* * Now, baric 
ye !' replied the old man, oatdting at the last 
word, which Sir Ralph had stronf^y accented, 
well nigh choking, at the same tinw, with his 
own. ^You en ■ father tooi nay yon be a 
wretched one f 3by yon love the boy that 
cbMi vou so, as I once loved you !' He wiped 
from his hmw the cold drops thai had gathered 
there. ' Let him live, as you have done, to 
sting his father to the heort !* * Then, at 
least, wish me one other, to became my favour- 
ite,' retorted the angry man, with a bitter alio. 
Mon to his own brother. * Ay ! * screamed Sir 
MauricBf * I do. Have a favonrite— take him 
to your beart-^ove him— and let hfm— die!*; 
Pausing to gain breath, for hts rage had 
seemed to hurry him fnwaid In his hitter Im- 
precations till he was almost exhausted. Sir 
Maurice repeatedly struck the wood-work, 
agaiuM which he leaned for support." 

The portrdt of a ftmrnrite gandteeper af- 
fords anotbar ftlr eaample of tnidi and ttpna- 
alon. 

" Upon the wall, nnder this window, were 
' suspendod a asotley asssniMage of the dead. 
Polecats, stoats, wMiels, owls, and other spe- 
cies of vermin, were nailed up, not only, as if it 
.were deemed thereby impossilue to offimd any 
one of tlie aenses, hat dispesed with a certain 
deforce of order and attention, that bespoke va- 
nity in tlirir destroyer, even when arranging 
tlie putrid carcasses of his victims. Hitherto, 
on entering the bnmhie dwelling, he had found 
the falconer confined to his seat, thongfa, for 
all that, bully employed in the education of a 
young hawk. As he now ouce man lifted the 
latch, and poihed open the hiw door, h« dfawe. 
vend tkt leg to ha «a fiv ntuortd t^ finntr 



health and activity, that it no longer reposed 
on the flat surfoce of an oaken bench. Bernard 
was altogether in qnite a different attitude : he 
knelt upon the floor, before a short perch, on 
which stood the hooded bird, which he semied 
to be in the act of worshipping, rather than in- 
structing. ' Oh, the Imve baggage ! tlie dainty 
jade 1 the sweet slut !' cried Bwnard, on a sad- 
den, aa his ever welcome visitor stood before 
him on thelhradioUof his aeohided dwdUng. 
*Look ve, Maaier Uanrke! hnk yel See 
. how gaUantly Ae at^ fiom off her ptreh upon 
my Att, ana baric, and widumt a thought of 
bating from me. Have ye, pretty mistress ? 
eh! conning one; have ve uen?* he oooti. 
nned, playing with the bird. ' You are an ^>t 
haay, and shall be sot to the line right soon.' 
And, as ho ran on In a similar strain, his 
eyes glistened with delight, and sparided with 
scarcely less of brilliancy, than Uioee of the 
plumed favourite beneath her red hood. ' Why, 
Bernard, man,* exdairoed his young master, 
* you throw away as much honeyed tiJk, and as 
many ooaxing words, as if a sweetheart, in 
good truth, stood brfore yon.* Bernard smiled, 
and again enticed the bird upon his hand. At 
any outer time sudi a sight would have been 
hailed with joy by Manrice, have called forth 
exclamations of toad ddight, or questions as to 
the manner of treatiog the numerous pupils ; 
but, just now, his tbmigbts dwelt more with 
tboeo for whom the irwi rule of instruction 
had been bid aside— hawks, whose gallaat 
prowess^ and laady obedlenw In dio fluda of 
air, had been put to the test, and only repaid 
eadi repeated trial the more thorouf^y. It 
was, consequently, to his no small satisfaction, 
tha^ after the nsoal inquiry, the falconer de- 
dared cnw day more to be aU the rest he re- 
quited for his hitherto refractory limb, and 
that the next, ' an* it pleMid Haster Uaarice, 
should not find him wanting at his nsoal poet.* 
These good tidings were oonveyed to Mmirice 
In a whisper, for a strange step had first at- 
tracted the scholar's attention, and she pre- 
sently started at the sound of another voice in 
the cottage. In an instant, abiupdy qnltting 
the pedagogoe'i arm, she sprang back to her 
wooden pendi, whim, to Benurd'i diaoom- 
fiture, a feather or two began to ruffle. ' Tut, 
tot, baggage !* he exdaimed aa pettishly as an 
offended coquette, and holding forth a bit of 
raw meat dose to the affrighted favcmrite's 
beak, and with his other hand gently stroking 
her on the breast with a small black feather, 
^ Will you anfflBT my boy Hal to appraeh yon 
any moment, night or day, and muat needs put 
up your plumes at your own young master, 
because, forsooth, he speaks beAire ye ? I took 
you to be better reclaimed, hussy ! * The bird 
seemed to oomprelwd the actual words of re- 
proof, w by the tmo in whkb they w«* ot- 
tered, to iotarpret their meaning; finr she 
nnooibed her dlitoriied ftalhm, eodtad her 
head on one side, than sli^tly raising her 
wings, jumped bade npon Bernard's extended 
arm, siod enappir^at the bit of red food, gulped 
it down her yellow throat in a seamd.^' 

We now sdeot cme of the many reflections 
with which the tale is aweetoied and enridied. 

There are some natures so utterly without 
guile — bosoms, from the first, so void of those 
latent seeds, which, after but a sli^t contact 
with the world, ripen into early suspicion and 
distmst, that blindneai towards the most ghuing 
facts may almost amount to infatuation. In a 
great degree had the artless Mabel been the 
dope of her own ine^ierienoe ; yet that inexpe- 
penanee was of a khad few flouM have desired 
iU dMoM d}aQu< beToKv the Utln ijMwnl of 



necessity had fully come, and the was to letm 
that the most beautiful, the most unselfiih, 
the most cherished feellnga of her heart, bsd 
only tended to bdp In the work of her salt . 
deluiioD. If a generous nature, from iu very 
character disposed to trust all, had served to 
deoeive her the more cnnpletdy ; in like pro- 
portion were her eyes to be opened only the 
quicker and more widely, when the veil, that 
had Img eovetad them, should be not in the 
veiT least.** 

A soeoa <tf nieerv, connected with our pre- 
ceding extracts, will finally exhibit the author 
In a striking li^t. Tha elder brother bu 
sunk tbroogh the ioa^ and the narrative pm- 
oeeds. 

'^*Turf not, tarry not, Alloet everymo. 
ment Is fearfully predons— death, jpenapi, 
death In It. Fly to yoor father, find Bernard, 
and make him raUow me. Do you then niu, 
and call every hnman being yon can meet witii. 
Send them all after us, down to the lake. 
Ob, Ood 1 my poor Maurice, there has been 
fearful delay as It Is ! ' and, seixing tlie bundle 
of ropes he had heaped together, he swang 
them across hia shoulder, snatched up a long 
pole, with a hook at iu point, and hurried back 
to the fatal spot. All was in the state ha bad 
left it, save Fleaoce. The poor iogy as if 
exhausted by its howllags, or bereft of every 
instinctive hope, had crept ai dose to the broken 
edge as It was able t and now lay qnito still, iu 
hasd resting on its pawt, ita ayes fixed upon the 
large open space, from irtiieh it soflbrad nothing 
to torn it. A low plaintive whine escaped at 
the lutervrla of Basil's fcultlesa endMvours to 
find his brother. In vun the wretched ymmg 
man approached within a dangerous distance of 
the wide opmlng. In vain he called upon 
MaorioB, letting down the rapes, and pushing 
the blmitM 4tf floatii^ lee tnm the hde he, 
every moment, made larger wiUi his repeated 
blows. The ropes came up again; but no 
other hand hut his own grasped them. Again 
and again he repeated these endeavours, when 
Bernard, suddsmly "^yMffg down from the 
woody bank, stood bvmthless at his side. 

• What Is it. Master BmU?* cried the affrighted 
man, loaded with every implement that oould 
promise sucoour, or that human forethought 
oould have devised : ' what is it ?' Uttering^ 
the words, his eye eooaoutered Fleaoce — the 
beaver hai — the long knotted stick, his own 

fift that very morning to his favourite. * The 
lOrd above I Master Basil, whom aedt you ? 
Mot him— not him nn not Manrice Hona- 
ton.* « Yea, ye^' cried BasU, < Ida eeek my 
brother t I do sedc Manrice; and, oh, God t 
as I fear, nevar to find him.' Bernard, at 
these words, let fall the contents of his hands. 
He was like one smitten by the bolt of Heaven. 
He tomed gjustly pala. His ayes were fixed 
opoD tha broken M—id* teeth ohatteiad, and 
hb knaea dunk with violeooe, that he 
would havaloet his looting npon the bank, if 
Basil had not caught hold of him. An infaut'a 
band micht have felled the tall muscular form 
of the fa£»ner to the earth. < Rnuse yourself, 
Besnard t' cried Basil, in a b sse ec h ing toiu>, 

* roose yootfdf t bethink yon who it is that 
needs every eAirt we can make. Pwfaapa wa 
might yet save him.' These few words, de- 
livered with that sort of odd tone and calm 
authority, whldi often the more dearly denote 
a wdl-groonded despair, had instant effect upon 
die falmner. He seemed by a vident atru|Q(le 
to recover from his stupor ; for with a buret of 
agony he exdaimed— * The poocJmf poor 
boy r As he spoke, tears >Wad Uawi the 
esaa'a eyes, and roUad iarnik Us wbuhet-boateia 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



37 



cheeks. Seinng wme of tbe- implements he 
had let Ml, he proeeeded to usiBt Basil ; bat, 
for fome momentt followlog, thdr jotnt eier- 
tioni wen undiitarbed br liirtber oonvemtion, 
Beth RDHdoed rilent. Bull, gmping a rope 
bM hf Bernard, approadied the opniing in 
the tee, Aill it bent aader hit feet, and he was 
foroed to midce a badcwird it«p. Bernard 
dealt blow after blow upon the hard sorfece of 
the lake, to enlarge the alreed7 wide dfol^ 
than ^iaittad the grmAi^ inn bdow. *Ani 
1 not to nmk npou that ftee ag^n ?* at Ian 
eobbed out the faithfiil Mmat, u It were, 
addresalng hittedf. Shall I never hear that 
fry, with which he kindly hailed me at I 
pMted him an hour agone P Oh I mj yonng 
matter— di I Maurice, Hanrioe HonelonI 
wbereareTOQ?* <AlaaI*n|dMBatIl,'Ibagin 
to f«ar that the under camot hat earried him br 
down. Maurice ! mj poor brother I that yon 
oonM amwer— that yira oonid reach thlt hand !' 
Before rnucfa more time had been expended by 
BatU and hit companion. Id a hundred such 
attempts to draw Mturioe Honeton from his 
watery grare, a multitude of workmen and 
others had come to their aailstance. Evo^ 
Auther effort, howerer, prond equally vdn. 
The lake waa breltmiiplnalldiiceriotui ilau 
bouomed boatt wm Muveyed to the edg^ and 
BoaD laanched amid the fragmenta of disturbed 
and floating ice. Grappling Irons, hooks, polei, 
ropes, were lowered, ag^n and again, into the 
deep water ; bat eadi time they returned to 
the bandi that held them, mlabgnoUdng bat 
muddy heaps of weeds, or drip^og rubUA. 
At hut, bowerer, a party of men, who were 
omdderably lower down nwm the lake than 
the reat, called loudly to tfattr compaAlons, and 
beckoned that they should join them. Basil 
guessed the truth, and, followed by Bernard, 
made hit way to m epol. Aa they drew near, 
the itlffened body of Afauriea Honelon was in 
the act of- bmng lifted from the water. Hii 
bee was dreadfoUy gashed and bruised, the 
cnrrent haTing driven aim with vidence against 
aome projecting edge of ioe, or equally sharp 
Mtfastance, and carried him, as Basil had sstd, 
far from the spot where the stick had fallen 
from his hand, when he sank throagh the 
traacberoua opening, to yidd his last breMh 
beneath. Basil gazed upon hit brother, and 
spoke to him ; yet be was quite oonsdous that 
life was extinct ; and stooping, he gently closed 
the lid, for the distorted glusy stare of that 
once hraghlng eye waa not to be endured. Such 
aflTeetion as Basil felt, borers nxmd the odd 
oorpse to the lait, oftan Tsfiiaing to adnow- 
Mga the obanget that are palpaue; watdiing, 
speaking, aa If ufe were yet there, till the grave 
dains the predous rdio, locks it up, and, lu 
its avarice yields It no man to mortal gaze. 
Baril, tar a few momenU after he had perform- 
ed the sad offioe mentioned above, preswvtd a 
allenoe, which ibt mmmnm omrd, now eol> 
lected, respected loo moeh to brmk. * My mo- 
ther I* he at length tald. In a low voice, * oh 
my poor mother ! bow will she bear to look 
upon him r And he I' — fbr the thought of the 
father*t adoration for the one ehiu flawed 
aeroas die other,— * he loved him; assnreiUy 
my falhw bved Mnurke.' BatU buried his 
faot In Ut hands, at If to stifle the accumulated 

riy of hit thoughts; then again he bent over 
dead body, and anin he brushed bade the 
long, wet, clustering hair, from the Inanimate 
countenance. There could be traced upon it 
DOW, no other expression than one of intense 
snffering. The agony of death vat depleted in 
tha most frigfatfnl distortions." 



The lAfe of Tkomat ffsynoUs, £tq.,formgrlg of 
KUkea Cattle^ in the County ^KMan. By 
hit Sod, Thomas Reynolds. 3 vols. 8vo. 
LondoD, 1899. Hoopari OabUn, Hilliken 
and Son. 

THit it a difficult pnbUcatloa to daal with, and 
will, probably, not meet with one impartial 
review In the whole drote of periodical jadg- 
meat. It it almost impossible to direst oneeelf 
of partisanship either on the one side or the 
oAer t and Um aranta iavolTad In thit narrative 
arerf toodeepanaton to admit of pnUio jut- 
tioe or private fidmese. The two aspects which 
the book presents ate exactly sudi as will admit 
of the eulogies of friends and the bitterest re- 
proaches of enemies. The fanner will exalt the 
filial piety of the writer ; will dwell on the great 
amioe itadered to the kingdom by the es^o* 
rion of a meet dangerous cmupiraey ; will ex- 
culpate Mr. Beynolds from all adfish, and claim 
for him alt patriotic motives; and, In fine, 
will hold him up as the loyal subject, and, fwhis 
loyalty, a maligned and persecuted man. The 
latter will hardly excuse the efforts of the ton, 
and declare them to be mitrepresantattons and 
faltd t oods ; will paint tha Cath^ as a swdid 
traitor, who aoU the Ihrat of hit firieads and 
asaodatas; will call him by the odious nanus 
oftpyand Informer; and deseribe him as fn- 
bmous beyond all example itf infamy. 

Jaffier,in''Venioe Preserved," is only half 
ftnviren when he has redeemed his weakness by 
sdr-sbaghter; and what could Mr. ReynoUs 
•xpeet mm dw amodatat of those whmu his 
revdationt brought to expatriation, daughter, 
and the scaffold ? 

Perhaps, amidst these cmiflkitlng sentiments, 
the ohitt value of the work, leaving opinion 
upon the individual to be determinwl by the 
fsdingt of readers, may be thought to be the 
l^tTt refleeta upon uia existing oondition -of 
Irdand at this boor. When we kxdc at dmi. 
laronanitationt In parithet,diitricts, provinces, 
and the capital, we are staggered with the In- 
ference that similar horrors mav be concealed 
under the aorfiwe, and that simlhu- crimes, 
mnrders, and atsassinatlons, may be followed by 
like national calamides. May Heaven avert 
the omens I but the resemblance is fearfiil. 

In 1798, wbm the rebtWoa waa oradud, 
Mr. Rmnolda (bom In 1771) was faonoared 
with public addrtmes, &c. dec. In 1808, hewas 
closely pursued by die hatred of the United 
Irishmen, whose eauae he had betrayed. He 
was employed by government in several poblic 
capadties at Lisbon and in the north ; and, 
finally, redrad to France in IffiW, where he 
lived during the last fifteen yean his varied 
and memorable lifb. The statonenu of his 
biographer, and the reasona ha aadgnt for his 
adopting the striking coarse be pursued on the 
dangerous emergency Inqneadon, will be deemed 
saddbctory or tha rererae, aooording to the 
grounds at which ire haveabeady ^anced ; and 
as no argoment tt onia ooold alter tha verdia 
either way, we shall abstain from any p(ditical 
oonmaiit, and only observe that the author has 
drawn aome carious materials in suniort itf his 
positions from the *' Ufe T. WMfe Tone," 
as published in Anwrioa, and, it seems, mudt 
mutilated, and ladncad to hiUf Itt original 
siae, In itt prepaiadon for the Bridsh mariiet. 
The preSaee oondndee with the foUowing preg- 
nant hint. 

I have a vast mass of curious documents, 
which are not in these volumes — anecdotes of 
all the leading men connected widi the United 
Iridi Sodety, many of whom hare to this day 
remained ankoown as United Iridimeo. I 
hm, bowenr, oanftilly I'ml-ir* bom mnw 



iug a single individual in these memoirs who 
has not been already repeatedly named, and I 
hope I shall be enabled to continue this re- 

BOIffla 

Mr. ^yndds'a early years appesTtohavebean 
passed in that sort of reddeas disdpadon too 
common to the gay and lively spirit of Us 
country ; but aa ha married, in 1794, at tbeage 
of twenty-three, the oanw wat not too long 
continued tat futare h^pinets; and at dils 
epoch hia Uagn^mr tayat— 

" It win be observed that, as yet, I Itave 
armded every idlndon to my father's political 
aunsr, and I have been, pMiups, too prolix In 
the account Z hare given of his private life. It 
is true that the subjects m wMd I liare 
hitherto written do not usually affiMd much in- 
terest to the reader; hat those details have been 
forced from me by a seriea (^calnmBlat, wludi 
I cannot aUow to remain unoootnulicted. It 
has been said that my father wat a low-born and 
needy adventurer ; thmfore I have tbouaht it ' 
inciunbent on me to shew that he wat weU con- 
nected, and elosdy rdnted to the first families In 
Ireland ; and that up to January 1798, he was 
living in eaae, affluence, and retpectability." 

More pabUe aflUn snooeed. In 1791, tha 
United Irish Aasodation was formed, and soon 
ocenpled a prominent place «i the canvau of 
Ireland's troubles and misfortunes. Upon this 
subject, Wtdfe Tone's work Is reforred to, and 
the author endeavonn to shew that the exterior 
objects and pretenoea pmelaiiDed, wen only 
meant to ennr aaent aedgpis of nMUen iind 
butchery. 

" Ssmud MdlsMi (be says), of BaUatt, waa 

particularly active. In a letter which he writes 
to Mr. Tone, on the 81st of November, be says, 
— 'You can form no couoeption of the rapid 
prtigrata of tlio Union hei« ; and I do assure you 
we are foriher forward than even I expected we 
diould have been in a twdveoMmUi. The 
nniveraal quest! (m throughout the country Is, 
* When do we begin ? Do we refuse hearth, 
money or tithea first V ' Indeed the people of 
Belfast were not idle ; they spared neither pains 
nor expense to ^read their new doctrine through 
the whde north of Ireland; and they had die 
satisfaction to see their prosdytai very rapidly 
extending in all directiona. Themonemstually 
to spread their prind^es, * twelve of the most 
active and intelfigmt among them subscribed 
260i. each to set on foot a paper, whose object 
should be to give a £dr statement cS dl that 
passed in France, whidier every one turned his 
eyes; to inculcate die necesdty of union 
amongst Iriafaman of all sdlgiooa peianadona ; 
to snppmt the emandpadon of the Catholics ; 
and finally, at the necessary, thou^ not avon-cd, 
oonaequenoe of all this, to erect Ireland into a 
republic independent of England.* * • • 

**■ The Asaodadon spread to such a degree 
that, on itt disKdntion in 1798, die returns 
exceeded 409,000 men, a vast many of whom 
were perfect f a n atica, ready to perform the 
wildest, the most atrodous act suggested in 
dieir committees, ur commanded in the uanM 
of the Dliectwy. Every man who was not a 
member, or who did not evince a marked bias 
and proteodon towards the members and their 
opinions, was considered at an enemy, and de- 
voted as a fair otiject of destnictiMi, in person 
and property, whenever a aenun mntunity 
for attawing either the oim or tlw omer might 
be afforded. The Directory was a sdf-crested 
mysterious body, whose persons, means, mo- 
tions, and intentions, were alike unknown, 
save only so far as they thought proper to 
coinmunioate tbemithrotudL thfV ,ag«nt; and 
•tt wAi^itiKQUipyuUltellU^I)^^ 



36 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



obeyed. There were five directors at ita dia- 
BolutioD, four ProteatanU and ooe Roman Ca- 
tholic I ahuold here obeerve that throughout 
this narrative, I mean by Protestants, to indi- 
cate all those who are not Roman Catholics, 
vrhetiier they be of the Church <^ Rnglaod, or 
Preiil>yteriaaB, or other Disaeatert. • • * 

" TIm manMnt a nan became > member of it 
he unazpeotedly found hinself phuied under the 
censnrahip of all bis assocaatea ; tbe slimiest 
lieaitaiioa, oppoeition, or disapproval, of the 
orden or rqwrts, oominuoicated from tlie npper 
committees, was oonsidered as treaaon and dis- 
a^ction ; keeping company or haMtnally Mio- 
ciating with peraons unfricodly t« tbe Assiada- 
tlou was held to be just eauae of suspiGion. 
A mau'a aoqaaiDtance^ his aervaata, bia re- 
latives, and freqneatty his very children, were 
BO man^ spies ou all his words and actioas, 
which, if auaf^cioua, were directly denounced in 
aoma committee. The leaders, oo n ecioii a of 
their own criminal projects, and in oonatank 
dread of diaoorary, notwithstanding their pre- 
cautions, promoted by every mean* in uieir 
power this jealous and susfHciout system of 
espionage among the aasociates." 

Such was the society which Mr. Reynolds 
Joined as a oolooel in 1707* In tba place of Lord 
£. Fiti^wald, and, as his son oonteuds, in 
norance of the secret views of the combined 
leaders. 

" But (immedlatdy he tdia ua) the list of 
proacription, and othiar matters, now for the 
first time faiid open to my father, spdce their 
real intentions fu a language not to be misu»> 
deratood. What was h« to do ? To denounce 
the men bad opened their a ecce ts to him 
was repngnant to every fediog— .to infler mat 
ters to twke their course was to make fr'Tvit'*' 
ail aooomplioe in their crimea— ..to quit the As- 
•nciatioo was to offer himself and his family to 
the knife of the murderer. The provincial 
oimmittee, of which he had a Jew moments 
before beooma a membw, waa to meat In Dublin 
the nott d^, tbe 19th «f XWhrtiary. There 
waa very Uttla time for dt^beration i he re- 
solved, at all events, not to take another atcy 
with these men until be dioald hava ascertained 
tlie truth or falsity of what be had heard. He, 
ihercfura, aent by tlie post, frmn the houae ha 
was in, an eaeuse to the pniviiudalooBiiHttee, 
addressed to OUvw bond, br John M'Cano, 
grounded on the shortness of tine, thediatanoe, 
and the urgency of his own private affairs. Ha 
was fully aware citat, by declining to attend so 
important a meeting, ha was likely to be looked 
upon with jealouay ; but it waa not to be 
avirided. He ntorned to Kilkea, oppreesed, 
alarmed, unable to doubt, and fearing to wedlt, 
what bad been told him ; yet, when he looked 
amnnd through the oountiy, every thing ooo- 
flrmed the truth of it, and shewed him that 
disiirdera, wliioh had hitherto appeared the 
effect of liuubordination among the labsuru^ 
classei, were in reality the resuks of a plan 
concerted by the leaders of the United Irish 
Association, of a vary diArant oaai^luioa iMsn 
any thity he had bitherte been led to bsUeve. 
Au tended to riot and ooafuBion. Murdatt 
and robberies were oomnitted night end day ; 
few men dared to venture from their homes, 
and tliese booses were converted into fortreaaeaj 
«iie entrances and lower, windows of moat hoases 
were strongly barricaded ; in short, every man, 
fearfiil of the visits of the gaws of plunderers 
who Infested the country, put aia naideooe in 
the best state of defence be ouuld.** 

Attempu to assassinate him wm« the result 
of his drawing back ; and he speedily coramu- 
iiicaMd all big knew of tbe oouapiracjr to gf^ 



vemmentc wbidi led to tbe ^ip wb inaioo ef | throug^oM tbe country lo praveet disorder, 
many peresos, and the pronature outbreak of they were in perpetual war with the inhabit* 
the rebeUion. Hia biographer declaiM that anut uid thue, their paaaians in a continual 
this was done without fee or rewaid, and that, state of e wst eaacBt, they oooM not be very iaa- 
so far from being benefited, his father was partiai judges 



expoaed to considerable loss in ceaaequaBoe of: 
the part he took iatheae calamitous wet. At 

230^ howevw, we think there is a 
pidous drcuMstance whii^ would iDduaa m to 
imagine that Ur. Reynolds was aot without 
■woe i mmediate rec o mpeaae. 

" Government (says tbe author) bad strou 
auqiicioM that be was privy to hm £dward^t 
esopeandeoDOMbMnti b«t tha Uailad Iri^ 
min nada the fine altaak om him. Oa tbe 
16th (rf April, be was oocu|M in walling np a 
closet, which was made in the thidtoeaa of the 
wall of his coanmon sitting-room, and which 
had evidently been origtniaUy inteoded as a 
seottie plaoe far depeaiting v^uabka. The 
entire room waa aawly pi^and, in mitt the 
better to ooaooal the oloaekt in wbiA be bad 
depouted bia iamily plate, to tbe value of aboat 
1000/., togetbor with SMO guhMa* fat gdd, 
which had been unespectedly pud to him a few 
days before, and other valuawee." 

Hia situation now became one of extreme 
poriL The Cronies tried to murder hisn; the 
government in the provinoea (ignorant of his 



« Skinniahes took plaoa also at Batbfiuvhan, 
Tallagh, Lacaa, Luak, Danboyna, Barretalaww, 
Ctrfloo, Baltiai^aso, Dnnkrin, Kildaro, Ratb- 
angaa^ Kikaek, and Ovietetewn. In all these 
engagements Ibe rehda were defaated with eon- 
siderable koo, CKoepi those of Dunbeyaa and 
Barrelttowa. The attack on FnMfwwa was 
nuaked by an act of tbe most infoBous 
tmchwry. Daotor John Wwnd wm a 
Bonaa Caiholio i^ydcUa aad acoeaeheor, 
a man of good tetuoa and of high foaaHy can- 
nexian,«M a liaulanant in Ur. Griffitlia's troop 
of yeooian cnalry, then attttQuad at Claae. 
Not far Iran his rctidenoe waa the small town 
of Prosperona, whene « considerable cotton 
manufactwy was eatablisbad. It was ooGUpfad 



by twenty-eight of the Code oiHtla, and nine 
of a regiment of Welsh cavalry, called tbe 
Ancient Britmw, the whole commanded by 
Z<ieutenant Swalne. Esmond waa on an inti- 
mate footing with Lieutwuuit Swaine, wha 
frequently dined at bis houae, from wtiich 
ciroomatanoo, combined wiA hia tank hi 



aooet^, hia situation of lieutountofyeomaary, 
services in the capitiJ) petaesuted him, and belaud hu profession, which obliged him to be out 



had a narrow eac^ie firom being eaeouted by a 
coart-martial. All around the most horrible 
atrocitis were cemnutted ; and it makes hunaui 
nature shudder to read the aceountsef cruelties 
uid barbarities paqwtratad renmgsAll rebels 
and an exasperated soldiery. 

" It has (si^ tbe aathor) bHB iny ibthsrU 
lot alnoB then, 10 witness tbe nuoHNS of war In 
tbe Peninsula, where Spaniards, Fren<d^ Par. 
tuguese, and {Inglisb, with tb^ Gennan 
aii Til la ries , men trained to lapiae, aliemately 
plundered and devastated tbe country, bat in 
all that disorder, of which be was oa eye> 
witnom diuing six yaarst be baa £seneml|r 
aanued mo that be never oaw soflb aeoXuDodod, 
wanton, uselsaa destruction, as was asmmiWad 
bj Captain Ersklne and bis oompnnioiis at 
Kilkea, and over the surrounding oouaary. It 
was Cn^y prepeity, and that was quite eufi- 
dentin tbeir ^es to make deatnietion a virtue. 
My father's steward, VmUam Byrne, was 
flogged and tortured to make Um dioeovar tbe 
auppoaed d^p&t of arms. Lientanaat Ijova, of 
the ninth dragoons, son of the quarter-maitBr 
of the sane rqgimeat, bwog a taU nan, tied 
bis sUk saah about Byiue'a node, and hung 
him over hia ahouldoa, while another offioar 
flogged him until he bessme InanuiUe. Simi- 
lar acts aoBuirad for Ur. Love tbe soi ri Bii r^ 
of the * Wdkitw OaUowa.* • • • 

At Ibis pviod tbe dbtacWd Male of tbe 
oenntry rendered all oosnaMuiioalion difficnlt 
and pieoarious. Kiye aa ea wen fasgwently 
waylaid, robbed, and sometiwoa tanrdered, e« 
tbe roada at noan-day. Tbe aaiUtnry had 
authority to not ind«|»endently of the civil 
poow, and ooows-martial in tba asiiMrjF 
towns ead «iu-^puMBm, eaeoMod tbefar oeoMB- 
ces In a aoost sumaaary manner, without Bff ^ 
to Dublin. Uen were &ei|uently ainsoed, 
tried, and exeouted, by these milita^ tribiuuds 
within the wfmot of two or three hours. In 



at all hours of the night, he found no difitoaky 
in obtsinii^ the password frooa Swaine, who 
dined with him on tbe 33d of May. Thus 
provided, at one o'doek in the ouming of tbe 
24th, at the head of a laiige body of rebds, he 
Burprised his friend, and burned bim aud all 
bisnenin tbsir^jUMteie. He^wnsdindtwo 
g— tleaten, retidanli «f tbe town,* Mr. Stamec 
and a Ur. B^wer, mai an old man who had 
bean a ssjeant in the line ; these he murdered 
with deliberate cruelty, aud mangled their 
bodies in a honfd manner. His further pro- 
oeadinga wore atopped by ilie approach of a 
body of tnN^ on which be »d from the 
place and bis fidlowors disparsad " 

And this is «ivU war. Ood foiWi that the 
threateaiug ohiuds of our day should ever break 
into ao dreadful a atorm I 

We have no heart to pursue the details. 
The oeceod vdumo is full of repetitions, and 
tbara is aeavene examination of Moore's "I^ife 
of Lwd £. Fit^parald," soaaeof the partlcniars 
in which the author vigorously impugns. He 
slmws, we think, dut Bir. BeynuUs could not 
have done aoma of the aeU impaled to him in 
ngard to that uabi^ipy nofalemau. Besides 
Mr. Mowe, the aacbor nns n tik at Coloual 
Paloier, Ur. Perry:, Ae. ftc, with wUeh wa 
will not meddle. 

At the dooe of his lifo,Ur. Beymoldsbecnme 
rellgioast and in tbes|nrit of that oonetUstion 
n'e beg to cmchide thia notice. <Unahle «ur- 
aelvea to detennine what is stricriy tme, what 
may be odoured, and what may be erroneous, 
we ahali only add, that the analogy between 
Irdand in 1706 and Ireland in 1U», reodan 
tbe work, in onr eyas, n asry iwipsrtaat owe, 
whatever may be its imporfaetlini and erroca. 



iVsNui The iUMd /sen r Timen; €md 
Tkt BfUU Pmkmeia. Bf Frnok HaB 
gttndjd^ £aq. 8vw. pp. ML Luodaa, 
many phoes they were ponnaBeally sitting,! 183B. Blaekend Armstmsig. 
and though perhaps oomposed of very bonsur- ' THEaz Is mndi bsautiful doooription In Aese 
able men, yet aaauieiUy ibey koaw na^ii^ itf uiims, snsnrs la aawty Spans, where the 
law, and bavif^ very rarely theHslalaneeof a heart ripaas Bke the pape, aod tbe pes siwa 
judge^dvocaie, too fceqiawsly dscUsd aooord- moo iMadhiag like the monBtain-terrenta. Tbe 
ing to the exritenwnt of tbe mimant. Tbe anther baa seen whst be deaoribea, and brought 
speed with which their deoseea were eee cn ted a good judgment se bear upoo tbe arraiige- 



Journal of the belles LEXTfeES. 



d9 



into » tboonnd fie^'ag aiid pietareiqQe fonus. 
Hen ud tben, howarer, the lubJeGM want » 
littk more dsptb, the rniei^M ve not alwayi 
CoraUi enou^ fiir tb« actloiu ; the pauioos 
tear doag, but the featunt are not sufficientlv 
Iqgfaccri on, tiia dumdiu do not cot deep •aougn 
ialD the iMsn. Sun miny of the KeDM are 
aldlfiiDy portrajrcd, that to read the pagea 
b like gauiig npw a ^ctoret you have the 
gnmp before you — the icenery all properly 
umagpi — vbererer you turn ymtr ejre there u 
■oewMiiny eidier pleating or terrible, a nigged 
and onmanging clUf, a winding and narrev 
defile, pUoe on which the sunihme steeply and 
over nttae more banditi or vine-gatheren, 
MBsaati or lolAeie, M in hannooT with the 
■odM^e- We gire the fbDowiog bnef extract, 
as a ■padrnm of the author*! duoiptiTe 



The |Mta fun at m hid Ml. 
Aad nmr Rnxv* In conTme mrt : 
IticaiifB Men walks the vouiik uti gn, 
S^iilS^ « telVd tl^ bown awM. 
The DMMa^ipMfd vUh dtwrfu] luh^ 
And radiant tun were clear udbiijhti 
Tbe ev«iiiiM tmeie had newly wtat 
it* aifhiii 'tram Qie Araanunt i 
Now tigK4MMd cordi of th* guitar 
In taavj mcaran* Mund from &i 
Tbt hum or wc^cm aa the tv, 
b wUqi'iInc tpnai bv Ummb mon near; 
Some eoanlHis taha or abemt frtendt, 
OUun, what nultAil fancy hodi. 
WKb awkwM ilgtw and itUrnatnfait. 
SMoe iMeta launnui fiwtb Ihclr pUatt 
Otbcn more happy In their diote 
An woohw iKn a duefftil voloei 
BMpwadUdfteacli cbak^ 
tatam wftatdia fto ney iwni 
wMe bofi wldi kiaoM lorai f moke 
Baawlwca ftoaa Ifcoaa whoaraalM ; 
1b sriifa w uiH drive abRwA 
Aad view. Set nb MM with tba oowd. 

At little dlataace Chm the Ihnaig 
A gnn pioeeMlaD tiMi>re* along i 
Roeei and onnge-Bowan dlafday'di 
Badadt ih* brow af ewy BwM t 

AiSw^4m^SEm^' Oe teart 
VnkxsflrfowA at tiiiiM anheaed 
Wbli qaldt cooceit and mcRv wort. 
I^wjanaafmagMrateaaietbant 
The Midki loo, with np of hrt: 1 
A waddlMdMriy aU daMtcat 
The tocblerwhlte ai banner floetai 
A chnrch appean In dlrtasce gny, 
Bm, itiiidDglMu the (Bpei'9 ny.^ 



•trikiiig delineatioaa of deer-atalldjog in the 
" Land of the Alouatain and the Flood," we 
■hould no immediately be attracted to Mr. 
Hoffman'! well-drawn picture* of tHOJiwu- 
fflg" (an excellent name for the oautioui and 
tteuthy sport) in the aer world. 

" The Hudfon ia formed by three moqntida 
torrenu wbl<^ unite within a few milea of their 
I birthplace. The source of the htgheat fork is 
' pmred by observation to he 4700 feet abore 
I tide-water. It rises in an open mouotain- 
' meadow, with two adjacent meuntaina swelling 
! in easy sh)pM bom its aides. There is a atiU 



Wiid ScM£» in 1A« Forttt and Prmrie. By 
C F. Hennap, Es<|. author of A Winter 
ia tlw Far Wett.*^ 2 vols. ISmo. Iioodon, 
1839. BentMr. 
Isasbdch aa umse are peculiarly American 
descriptions, drawn from nature, and not copies 
of European antecedents, we are much pleased 
with them. 'Inasmuch as tfaey place before our 
eyas in » llrdy manner scenes and characters. 
wUcb are new to its, we like then. And in- 
asmuch as they preeerve loipe curious legends 
and iralditiona of (he red men, we are greatly 
iatemsed in them. Alto^ther they form a 
very dew aud agieeable misodUny. 

nsir toeak embracea three different parts of 
the ceimB7 : lat, the sources of the Hudson in 
the Male ofNew Yorki 2d, the banks of the 
Vtseoasan ; and 3d, on the Elacondaga, among 
the hunllng-grannde of the Mt^wks. 

Thougb Ae latter are the most wild and ro- 
mantic stories, we are not sure that we do 
net prefer those which relate to tlie upper 
streams of tlie Hudson} and at any rate we will 
eoaunenoe onr notice with thaae becauM they 
describe scoias which we had no idea existed so 
near the c^tal, and aea-board of one of the 
eldeet settled states, and beeause we think we 
have rend some of the otlieie in previous 
piiblicationa. 

It ia rather an odd caioeidence that, having^ 
dented tor list wedt'c p^e to Mr. Scrope^ 



is in Lake Golden, or rather in Aralanche Lake; 
a snail mountain tarn separated from the former 
by heary earth-slides from thea^j^ceut mountain 
aummita, whose granite rocks glitter where the 
soil and trees have been swept down tlieir de- 
nuded sides. Tlie elevation of these two laket, 
whidi have a full of eighty feet between them, 
is between 2900 and 3000 feet above the ocean ; 
being, undoubtedly, the bi^iest lakes in the 
Unit^ Statei of America." 

Hither our aiithar made an excursion, and 
aptly enough tells us that it is " on w^finUhtd 

^ There are lakai on the topi of monntains, 
and swampe pmopg wildernesses of rocks, which 
ar* yet to be drained by other means than tlie 
thick exhalations which carry them into the 
atmosphere, or the dripping mosses through 
which tliey ocoe Into the .valleys, where day by 
day the new soil for future use aocnipuUt^ 
Had our New Tork lodlans, who now find it 
so difficiJt to hold on to their level end fisrtile 
lands In the western part oC the sute, but 
*■ kicBted ' their reservations among these 
mountains, they might have escaped the cu- 
pidity of the whites fur centuries yet po come, 
and iteve hunted the deer, the mooa^ and the 
bear, or tn^iped for the martin, the sah)^ and 
the ermine, all of which sijll abound here, 
without oMleMatioD, save from the eccaaicmal 
white hunter (hat miaht intrpde upon tlieir 
grounds when charing uie wolf or panther from 
the settled ri^ons, to the east and west of 
them. There are settlements upon some of 
these lakes, whioli were cmnoienced more than 
thirty years since, and whidi can now lioast of 
but two or three families as reridents, and .these 
are isolated from the rest of the world, with 
twenty mile* of unbroken forest between them 
and more prosperous hamlets. But the im- 
mense beds of iron-ore and other minerals 
recently discovered, with the increased demand 
for tiawer in oar Atlantic i^des, and of char- 
coal to wtnk die mines here, must now bring 
the country Into general notice, and hasten its 
settlemeoL nteooDolition of the piue forests, 
and the conversion of less valuable wood into 
charcoal, will tepidly clear the country, and 
convert the lumber-jsnen and charcoal-buroera 
into farmers ; while the old race qf hunters 
already l>egin to find a new employment in acu 
ing e* guides to the owners of lajada, and pro- 
jecting roads for them throogh districts where 
an ordinary surveyor could hardly be paid fur 
ttie exercise of his profession. One of these 
liunters, a sturdy original, by the name of 
Harvey Holt, a redoubtable hunter and cele- 
brated axe-man, has already marked out a road 
for some of the large landed prt^rietom through 
the very heart of the r^ion. He is said to have 
run his lines with the skill and accuracy of an 
accomplished engineer ; and, before anotlier 
year elapses, tlie road will pnihably be opened. 
Other wresten, Hgau>, finding thnr aneient 



haunts thus invaded by the pioneers of ins. 
provement, have fled to wilds beyond the Wis- 
oonsan ; aud a friend wlio htmted lately upon a 
tract a little to the north-west of this, in Hamil- 
ton county, told me thet he heard a veteran 
htuitw of aeventy Qm^lainlag Utterly that ha 
was too old to move, now tliat the settlers hid 
pushed witliin thirty miles of him. It seems 
Btrance to find so wild a district in ' one of 



the 



the 

^ empire state of New 



old ubirteeners,* 

York.' " 

Fishing and shooting here, nader the auspices 
of John Cheney, a remarkable denizen of these 
almost pathless forests, ear author vividly 
relates hu adventures. For example" oaMpiNfr 
out:"— 

* It ain't so bad a place for camping out,' 
said John Cheney, as he rose from slaking bis 
thirst at a fu^le riU which trickled from be- 
neath the roots of a rifted cedar over whidi he 
leaned — 'it rin't so bad a place to camp, if it 
didn't rain so like all natnr. 1 wouldn't mind 
the rain much, nother, if we hed a good skantee; 
but yon see the birch baric won t run at this 
season, aud it's pretty hard to make a water- 
proof thatch, unless you have hemlock boughs 
— hows'sver, gentlemen, I'll do the best by 
ye.' And so he did ! Honest John Cheney, 
thou art at once u stant^ a hnntw, and as 
trtie and gmtle a pnutiser of woodcraft, as ever 
rosmed the broad forest; .and beshrew me 
when I forget thy services that niglit in the 
Indian Pass. The frame of a wigwam used 
by some former party was still standing, and 
Cheney went to work induatriously-tying poles 
»enm it with withes of yelknr Unu, and 
thatching the to<4 and sides with boughs cnf 
balsara-fir. Having but one axe with us, my 
friend and myself were, in the mean time, un. 
employed, and nothing could be more discon- 
selate than our situation, as we stood dripping 
in the cold rain, and threshing our arms, like 
hackney-coachmen, to keep the blood in cir- 
culatiuu. My hardy friend, indeed, was in a 
much worse condition than myself. He had 
been indisposed when he started upon the ex- 
pedition, and was now so hoarse that I could 
scarcely hear him speak amid the gusts of wind 
which swept through the rarine. We both 
shivered ai if ia an ague, but he suffered under 
a fiever which was souu superadded. We mnde 
repeated attempts to strike a fire, bnt onr'hwo 
fi>co* matdies would notigiiitei and when we 
had recourse en fliitf and SMsl, every thing was 
so damp around us that oar fire would not 
kiodla John began to look exceedingly anx- 
ious : — * Now, if we only had a little daylight 
left, I would make some shacklaberry-tea fur 
jrou ; but it will never do to get Hck here, fur 
if this storm prove a north -easter, God only 
knows whether all of us may ever get away 
from this notch again. I guess I had better 
leave the camp as it is, ai^ first make a fire 
for you.* Saying this, Cheney stiouldered his 
axe, and, striking off a few yavds, he felled a 
dead tree, niUt it open* and took some dry 
chips from the heart. I tbfu iftmi my chMk 
over the spot where he laid them to keep off 
the rain, and, stooping under it, be soon kindled 
a blaze, which we employed ourselves in feeding 
until the ^camp' was completed. And now 
came the task of laying in a supply of fuel for 
the night. This the wo«idman effected by 
himself with an expedition that was marvel- 
lous. Measuring three or four trees witli his 
eye, to see that they would fall near the fire 
without touching our wigwam, he attacked 
them with his axe, felled, and diopped them 

^dIl^^^y^!^rE?y!^^£tiXr 



40 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



carted to hand. Blankets were then produced 
from B pack whidi he had carHfd on his back ; 
and these, when stretched over a carpeting of 
lear«s and branches, wouid have made a com- 
fortaMe bed, if the latter had not been sa- 
tnrated whh wn. Matters, howcrer, seemed 
to amme a omtforttbl* aspect^ as we now sat 
under the shade of bouf[ha, diying our clothes 
by the fire; while J<din busied himself In broiU 
ing some bacim which we bad brought with as. 
Btit our troubles had only yet began." 

We have not space to go throogh the night's 
endiirancfli, but pattam and the huntsman's 
ingenuity vuiqnisbed and wore through them 
all ; and Mr. H. says : — 

The last words I heard John utter, as be 
coiled himseirin a blanket, were—* Well, it's 
one comfort, sinoe it's taken on to blow so, Vn 
oit down most of the trees around na that 
would be likely to fall and cnnh as dnring the 
iilght.» " ^ 

Among the aporti^ "flrutfiiv** Is one of the 
most prevalent modfla of eaptttring or destroying 
animals. 

" ^ Crusting* is the term applied to taking 
large game amid the deep snova of winter, 
when the crust of ice which fcHms upon the 
nnfiGe after a slight rain ts strong enough to 
support the wdght of a man, but givea way at 
once to the hooA of a moose or ■ deer ; while 
the animal, thus embarrassed, is easily caught 
and despatched with cinbt. In our northern 
states, more game is destroyed' in this way 
than in any other; and yon may read in the 
newspaper! every winter some account of the 
inhabitants of a whole vill^ turning out and 
butchering hundreds of deer when thus en- 
trapped. Only a few yean since, It was Mdd 
that more than a thousand were so destroyed In 
the township of Catskill In one season. AH 
true sportsmen, however, hold ' crusting deer * 
in contempt and abhorrence—for the venison 
isgenendly not in season at the time (rfyear 
when ft is thni procured ; and this mode of 
taking it belongs rather to the bntcfaer than to 
the hunter. Crusting moose Is ratiier a diflferent 
thing, as it requlrea both skill and courage on 
the part of the hunter, and the animal has a 
chance, at least, of escape or resistance. Still, 
Hs the lav wilt not, or cannot, protect this 
noblest of all forait game from deatmetion In this 
manner, it moat, at no distant day, beeome ex. 
tinct within the botiodaries of ?few York. The 
broad west baa no moose-gnmnd so celebrated 
aa that in out northern comities, and when 
you leave the sources of the Hudson, you must 
travel westward to those of the iMlsslsaippi 
before yon find the gigantic moose aa numerous 
m they were in our fenUa bat « few yean since. 
The woods of Maine, however, an probably 
i-iclier ill this noble game than any witiiin the 
United States* territories. The mooa^ who is 
both more shy and more sasadoua than the deer, 
has his favourite haunts in the depths of the 
foniit. He moves abont, not like the elk, in 
mving gengs, but stalks in lonely majesty 
through his leafy domains ; and, wheu disturbed 
by the hunter, instead of bounding away Uke 
his kinsman of the forest and the prairie, he trots 
offal a gait which, though faster than that of 
the fleetest horse, is so easy and careless In its 
motion, that it seems to cost liim no exertion. 
But though retreating thus when pursue^ be is 
one of the most terrible beuta of the forest when 
wounded and at bay ; and the Indiana of the 
north-west, among some tribes, oel^rata the 
death of a bull-moose, when they are so fortu- 
nate as to kill one, with all the songs of Ulumph 
that they would raise over a conquered warrior. 
Tht de^M aum of winter, of oourn, offer 



the best oocaaion for moose-hunting. The 
sagacions animal, so soon as a heavy storm 
sets in, commences forming what is called a 
* moose-yard,* which is a large area, wherein he 
induatrioualy tramplea down the anow while 
it is falling, so as to have a place to more 
aboot in, and browse npon the branches of 
trees, without the necessity of wandering from 
place to place, struggling throngh the deep 
drifts, exposed to'the wolves, who, being of 
lighter make, hold a carmval upon the deer in 
crustittg-time. No wolf, however, dare enter 
a moose-yard. He will troop round and round 
upon the snow bank which walls it, and his 
howling will, perhaps, bring two or three of 
his brethren to the spot, who will try to terrify 
the moose from his 'vantage ground, but dare 
not descend into it. But, when the hunter, 
prowling alMmt on his snow-shoes, disoovers a 
moose-md, ha feab so sure 4^ hfs quarry, that 
he wUl sometimes encamp upon tiie spot, in 
order to take the game at his leisure ; and, when 
there have been several huntera in company, I 
have heard of their proceeding patiently to fell 
the neighbouring trees, and form a lofty fence 
around the yard, which. enabled them to take 
the animal tuive, when subdued by long confine- 
ment and starvation. An opportunity of doing 
this oocorred neer H*Intyn uat winter, when 
a yard, with three moose In it, an <AA oow- 
moose and two yearlings, was discovered and 
surrounded by a band of htmters. Some of the 
party were desiroas of taking them alive, as 
one of the proprieton 6f this ei^tenaive property 
— a gentleman of great public ainrit— wishes to 
make an attempt to domesticate the animal, 
and, if possible, introdiue the use of it to agri- 
cultural purposes. This is an exceedingly in- 
teresting and hardly doubtful experiment, for 
the moose has been frequently tamed, and, un- 
like the common deer, can be halter-broken aa 
easily aa a horae. The hnnten, however, were 
too excited with their good luck, to listen to 
any sug^tion of the kind — few of them had 
ever killed a moose. Their rifles were in their 
hands, and they were bent at having a shot at 
thegame, which dashed to and fro, snorting and 
whistiing, within the snowy bounds of the yard. 
The whoops and abouts o! their enemies, re* 
doubled by the echoes from the adjacent moun- 
tains, made them furious at bdng thus beset ; 
and, at each dfsdiarge of a gun, they would 
l^ange at the asaaiUng marksman ao despe- 
rately, that he would be compelled to take 
refuge behind the nearest tree. The scene be- 
came thus so exciting, that all order was lost 
among the huntsmen. Each fired as fast as he 
could load, hardly waiting to take aim, lest some 
quicker-sighted comrade should bear off the 
prize. The moose, though repeatedly wounded, 
would diarge again and again into the snow* 
banks around them, and drive their enemies 
from the brink, retiring, at each turn, to a cor- 
ner of the yard where they were least molested, 
and there rallv at once for another charge. 
Faint with therns of blood, however, they were 
suGceaaively discomfited And borne down by the 
hunters, who, retreating npon the crust when 
punued, would turn upon the moose the mo- 
ment they tried to retrace their steps, and assail 
them with axes and bludgeons while floundering 
in the snow to recover the vantage ground of 
the yard. The two yearlings, with thdr dam, 
after making a most gallaat resistance, were 
ultlmatdy despatched.'*^ 

" Withing " deer Is another method of cir- 
aimvention, and consists in throwing a natural 
lasso, made of aapllng birch, over the animal 
when awimming, or, perhaps, in the woods. 
We select a porUoa of the accotmt of this pnw- 



dce as a specimen of the writer's power in 
describing scenery. 

" Kunning the canoe under the trees, whose 
morning shadows atill hung over the lake, we 
stretched ourselves upon the grass, listening 
and looking widt the moat eager attention for 
the fim mtimntion ct approaching sp<vt. 
There was a slight rij^ upon tite lake, whidi 
was not favourable to oar sraug the deer should 
he take the water at any great distance from 
us ; and the incessant call of the jay, with the 
ever-changing cry of the loon, created so many 
noises in the woods, generally so still, that the 
opening of the hounds might have escaped us 
unheard. These early sounds, however, soon 
ceased as the sun came marching up above the 
mountain tops, and spread the silver waves from 
the centre of Uie lake far and wide, into all Its 
slidtered bays and wood>embowered friths. 
The faint ripple <tf the watera npon the nx^y 
shore was tlw only murmur left. My oompe- 
nions were convening in a subdued vi^oe, and 
I was lying a little apart from them revdling 
in the singular beauty of the scene, and trying 
to fix in my memory the peculiar outline of a 
ridge of mountains opposite, when I heard the 
faint crashing of a bough upon the other sideof 
the lake, and running my aye atong the water, 
discovered a noble bow, with &ie antler^ 
swimming bmaath the bank. My comrades 
caught dght itf him a moment aftenrards, and 
we all waited with eager anxiety to see him put 
out far enough for us to row round him, and cut 
him off from the shore. But the back had evi- 
dently no idea of making a traverse of the lake 
at this time. He wu fiu in advanoe ot the 
hounds, and had taken the water at this place, 
not from being hoUy pursued, but imly to uirow 
them off the scent, and then double on his own 
track. He therefore, kept swimming along the 
shore, close under the steep bank, losing up at 
it every now and then, aa if in saaixh of a * run- 
way ' whiidi would carry him back wgiln into 
the depths of the forest." 

The ensuing hunt ta capitally painted with 
true aportaman's fervour 

Tne buck, after crossing at the inlet, made 
a circuit of several miles, and before we could 
pull half way down the lake, tot^ the water at 
a runway opposite to the islet, beliind which 
Catiin was watching in his skiff. Cool aud 
experienced in the sport, this hunter never 
broke his cover until uie deer got fairly out Into 
the lake, when he launched out and turned him 
so quickly, that the buck made for the island 
whldi his pursuer had just left. Linus, how- 
ever, was too quick for him, and threw his withe 
over the deer's antlen before he could touch the 
bottom wiUi his feet. But the buck was a fellow 
of great weight and vigour, and feeling himself 
thus entangwd, he made a lateral spring into 
deeper water, which draped the hunter out of 
the boat in an instant. Linus fortunately 
seized one of the oan, which, being rigged with 
swivels instead of rowlocks, still kept him con- 
nected with the skiff. Bnt his sitaatlon was m 
precarious one; the bnck becoming &9 assail- 
ant, struck at him with bis ftffefeet, and got 
him again fdrly under water. He rose this 
time however, with the oar between himself and 
his antagonist, and while clutching the gunwale 
of the boat with one hand, seized the withe 
which had escaped finm his grasp, in the same 
moment that the but^ made a pass at him with 
his horns, which ripped up the bosom him 
shirt, and was within an indi of goring him to 
deaili. But before the desperate animal could 
repeat Uie thruat, the hunter had gained the 

nuttw tnaroamew&WMT^nwnr H^MRKK a 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES 



41 



bU>w upon the head, wlucb, folknre^ up by • 
daah from liia huDting>kDifB; put an end to the 
«iiooiint«r. • • • 

" A group worthy of lomui'i pendl wai col- 
lected around the foaring fire, by which the 
dripping CaiUii was Arylag Mnueir; wlule 
Cbeooy, with the fat bade befoie him, and the 
dogs iicluDg the blood at hi* feet, aa ever and 
anon he paused In hit (qientioD, and tamed 
round to ui, to point oat Mine graceful line of 
fat with hli huntingJuiife, would hare formed 
the prominent featurea of the picture. The 
polatoaa, in the meantime, w«« roaiied whole, 
or sUoad op with Tarioui MTOory mattan, 
which were put into the kettle to biril ; and 
UHNwh we had omitted to Mng tonddert with 
us, Cheney's axe bdlowed out and fashioned 
some moat ingenious drinking^ouiis, which were 
ready by the time divers cIm^ morsels of 
ventaoa bad been grilled upon the coals. There 
were a few drops at the bottom of an dd aask 
of cognac for eadi ofusi we had Mackinaw- 
bluiketa, streldwd upon balmm bnmches, to 
redine upon; there was no call of duty or 
business to remind ui of the lapse of hours ; 
and stories and anecdotes of former huntings 
in these nHmniains, with practiokl discussiont 
as to what part of a deer affnded the moat 
mronrj rsoison, prdaaged the repast till sun. 

Cheney's adieu to hit companions is worthy 
of their association (b9» page 121), buC we 
abo must say good-l^ to the HuAion; and 
niake an esttact from another quarter, thon^ 
we have to wait a week for it. 

MI8CELLAHX0U8. 

TkgS iif omo lag i$et TeaUBook. BvJ.O.Wcst. 
wood, F.L^., Secretary to the Katomokigical 
Society of London. ISmo. pp. 432. Ofr 
and Co. 

Webtwood's position, and all his pre- 
vious writing)^ deohure him to be so Intimately 
«onr«rsant with this subject, that we need 
ooly annoimce this Text-Botdc to the lorers of 
the sdenoe, in order to secure their attention to 
so Tahiable a guide. A mass of the coolants, 
originally attracted ranch notice and waisa in 
" The British Cydopndia of Natural History," 
but Mr. WestwoodJiaB rearraiwed, ncast, and 
added, to these papers, so mtuu aa graatlv to 
inmaae thdr nsefiilneu, and fit them for their 
present popular purpose. 

Lardner't CaHnel CychpmUa f No. C/JT. t 
Nalunil HUtorr; Fitkti, AmpMkiu mad 
RntiltM. By W. Swainson, Esq., F.Jl. and 
F.I..S.,&c. Pp.368. London, im Long- 
man and Co. 
Mb. SwAixsoir's system of dasslfioxtion is 
prominently brought forward in this \rolanie, 
which is prefaced by an able eu«y on the nature 
and relatioos of Mooocardian animals, s Jid par- 
ci^brW of fishes. The analogies betw een fish 
aod other chutes of atdmala are TerriMnark 
abb, and Mr. S. exhibits tham in a z Doat in- 
t« rating manner. Towards the dose of the 
volume we find much recent matter d> nddaled 
from the latest diso[>veries, both iuBrii^ riiatnre 
and in geological specimens. 

^"'.fj^'"* nenmark, Nom ny, and 

StMJgm. By 8. A. Dunham, audio r of the 
" History of Spain and Portugal/ • Same 
PnUishen. 

Tbi« Tohima raten with greit spirit lata the 
most andant legendary lore of Scar liinana 
and whm we reflect how Intimately It is cen 
uected with our own, we need hardly peint eut 
tha interest attached to matters so & nirely iu 
camwMi with our aortbini UKcnan. • It is 



book of wild tales, rather than a history; but 
these tales are at the fouadadou of Ustory. 

Th4 Ufi and Timet of Itu lot* C am t m BmMiuAm, 
Part t. Skx. (London, Slm^tai and Ca.>— Whh a 
pmtrait oTlhii UUaagt old ]adf. to bt finUied in eictt 
Putt, and five s minuie account of the origin of the 
neat dbMnung lect of which ihe mi the head and 
iDunder, 

Arrm imd 0it AOmk, by H. Autten Driver, author of 
" HBTold An Butun," Ire. Ihi. (London, Longmaa 
and Co.) — A troc ton g Id which Uw autiior warmlvMn. 
lendi for the admliiion hito Weetmimtcr Abbej of Tbtn*- 
watdeen** fepukhnl itatue of Lord Bvron. 

Som— mt HsnM amt AbuMi, by Herbert Byog Hall, 
aathorof-'tSpainand iheWar In 8tiahi,'*Ac. Pp. in. 
(LoodDii.SaundenandOtieT.)— Someofthewtaleihavuic 
alreadv been favounblr recalved a* they appeared In the 
periodlcalt of Uia day, the author ha* oonipleied a 
plu an l vohiroe of Imb; wiih whidi readen will be 
•easily gratifled. 

Ctmdi^jVvaiOenMWibyJsiMlD. Hask I>p.ae9. 
(London, HodKmi D. Niitt.t— A food coUccHoa from 
emiaent Geiinan wrlten, and tome of them not much 
known hi EnBliad. Tbs tnmlatkm abounds with 
idiotn* of Uie orlolnal lanfoagei which, howevar. In- 
parti a eort of quidninm to the that ii rsthsr amus- 1 
in« than cKherwIic. 

HMdat Hetm: a SMetVlUM. by Catharine Sinctalr, 
&c Pp.387. (EdlnbiUBh.W.WhyteandCo.: London, 
Longman and Co.i Dutdio, Curry and Co.) — The, 
authoreai of (everal nicceMfkil pubUeatloni for Juvenile 
readen, haf hen added to the U(t another clever perform. 
ancet faiwhich, advocating the cultiueofthe Imagination 
at wall as frf the mechanicsl and uMfUl facMlttea. she tell* 
•toTlei fit Air youth bedrn bm and Ritta wan traated and 
ednctod, at If they had all oid beads on their young 
ihouldwa. 

LMmpw m A«N«k PiM<w, 4«- by H«an Nadb 
Pp. m. (London, Thomac Tegg i Stnaktai ana Co.) — 
It ^Naks wdl Cor the publk tatle, that oStMlsAa MtOa 
vohnDetbaoMhsTecoaMtoaiMidedltloa. MbHaeVi 
obMTvitfcma are gtnendly vwy Just, sad, tf not pnlband. 
with a tns mUng fiir poetty. 

SttpkwH'f HMmv ^JMrMt, 4e. (LoBdaB. Smith, 
iadsr, sad Cat— A Mcond adlUoii, Indicating the hnmr- 
tanee attached to thlt oottMry at a Kfion Ibr ookmliaoon. 
Mr. S. kaitrenuouianertor ofiuiuparioeltyover evsry 
other land. 

FMIpmm'* CMmopeHtm, rMtkat, mi SMMcal R*- 
ftee, Piutt I., IL, III., and IV. (LoodOo. WllMn), It 
acknowledged. 

Dublin a»dkal Pn$t. No. 1. — Dublin appcnre to be 
prealng eamatly forward hi the eMabUriiment of a great 
medical whooL Independently of the able joumab al- 
ready emanating bom ttt preet, the pment publkatkm, 
in a wedUy fonn, teemi well calculated loi the popular 
diitliiicMi of Informallan in medlclqe and all the itudlee 
coinacted with that Impoctaut teanch of idaice. 



ARTS AND SaXBHOBB. 

aXOSRAPBICAI. SOCIXTT. 
/AWQAftT 14. Mr. W. R. Hamilton, preddent, 
in the dialr.— Read extracu from tbs following 
pikers I— 1. * Notice of a few simple Observa- 
tions which it is dedrable to make on the frozen 
SoO of BritUi North America. Communicated 
by Dr. Udiazdson, R.N. F.IL8.* TraTdlers 
into tha aiclie regions of Ada and America 
have mentioned, that the sub-soil of certwn 
districts is permanently frozen ; and Omelta 
long ago declared, that, in Siberia, the thick- 
ness of the frozen earth was upwards of one 
hundred feet ; bat these statements were dther 
overh^kad or dlsbdiefed until very recently, 
when Pratasor Bear of St. Petersburg, and 
Mr. Erman of Berlin, transmitted to the Geo- 
grqiluoal Sodety of London some account of 
the sinking of a weU at Yakutdc, to the d^tb. 
of three hundred and eighty-two feet In thei 
frozen ground. The inquiry is to be prose- 
cuted still further in Siberia, and Professor 
Baer suggesta, that it would be desirable to col- 
lect information fVcm the officers of the Hud- 
s(Ni*s Bay Company, as to tlie extent of the 
layer of frozen ground in North America, the 
^ckneas It attains in different parallds of lati- 
tude, and how much of it diiappean towards 
the latter end of summer ; and the coundl of 
the Oeogrmphical Society, dedrous of promoting 
■0 important an inquiry in the deMumnent at 
phynoal geography, haTe caused instmedons 
to be drawn up and printed for the guidance 
oS the officers of the Hudson's Bay tympany, 
who may be dedrous <tf contributing to tha 
adTaimniait sdenoe by thdr cteemtlaiis. 



— 2. A letter from Mr. Consul Brant, at Ers- 
rdm, dated 14di Nor. 18S8, stadng, that he 
had jtut returned from a journey in Armenia 
and Kurdistin ; during wUoh he had ascended 
the mountain of Supan IMgh, rising, to the 
north of Lake Van, about 10,000 fset above 
the sea, trareDed ahmg the western shore of 
Lake Van, vldtad BitlU and Ser^ tbanea re- 
turotng to the foot of Ararat, ha had traced 
the valley of the Miuid Cmi, or eastern 
branch of the Euphrates, from lu sooro^ near 
Dlytdfn to Kharpdt, a distance of about 300 
miles ; he had also obtained a surrey of the 
river as far as Samoafct. He oonduded by 
tiqriiir that tlw tnuiqaUlily new iatndnced 
Into KurdistCn, by the ledaetioii of the rdid 
chiefi, win enable travdlers to vidt every part. 
The Bey of Hekerfydi is obedient to the Pasha 
of Van ; and Juhunerik, in the heart of the 
motmtain fastnesses, may now easily be reached. 
—3. A letter from Col. Hicheil, survmror-generd 
at the Cape of Oood Hope, oonmnnieatedlnrA. 
Borraddle, Esq., and earnestly recommending 
the erection of alighthouse at Cape das Agulbaa, 
to save us in future from sudi catastropbes 
as the kwB of the Amistou, Doncaster, North, 
nmberlaod, and so many other valuable vessels. 
The Hon. Midiad Van Breda, on whose pre* 
perty tha ground in qnesden stuid% had most 
Mnvoosly anthmrisea the writer to state that 
he will be happyto omtribntetowardsaworkeo 
Imidly called for by sufiering hnmanlty, by giv- 
log, in pvpetuity, as much ground as may be 
reqnldte for a li^thouse, with right of access to 
the same. The expense is esUmated at be- 
tween 1700A and 18002, ; and the yearly cost 
of lighting, salary, and occasional rnmirs, at 
from S30r. to 240^.— d. From Mr. O. W. Eari, 
on board H.M.S. Alligator, dated Sydney, 
Aug. 21, 1838 :~0n the passage nut from 
England, the vessd had touched at Addaide, 
on the south coast of Austrdijl ; and Mr. Earl 
^ves a very favourable report o( the rapid pro. 
nets of that oolmy, but he was more particu- 
hriy struck with tha dodUty of the naUves. 
Iu eonsequenoe good treatment on the part 
of tha settlers, the aborigines have abandoned 
their former wandering haUw, and have lite< 
rally become hewers <tf wood and drawers of 
water " for the whole populadon, dep«iding 
(m their subsistence on the bread and other 
proridons furnished theso, la paymaat for tha 
fabonr they perform. In foatam, dieee 
aborigines are temarkaMa for an extraor- 
dinary prnjeaion «t the brow immedUlely 
above the eves, unlike any the writer bad seen 
either on the east or west coast. Mr. Earl 
alansttids a short vocabulary <rf their language, 
whidi differs nUidy fma that spokan in Oa 
other known parts of the eoontry; It aboonds 
In vowds, and is vary soft to die ear. Among 
many other topics mentioned In his letter, Mr. 
Earl strongly recamownds a small depAt fm 
proridons, to be immediataly estabUdted at the 
pt^nt of junction of the rivers Murray and 
'Darling, which would gready facilitate the 
comrounioadon between Sydn^and Adelaide, 
prora of mudi mutual benefit, and no doubt soou 
become a town of much importance. — 6. An »c- 
ootint of the asoeot of Mount William, the 
liighest pdot in the laage of moui&dns which 
f<mn the chief phydcal feature in the south- 
eastern angle of Australia, by Dr. Uwtaky. 
Tiiis paper was Ulustratad with various views 
of scenery, taken in die Warragong Mountains 
(misnamed Australian Alps, on our maps), and 
of die remarkable botanical productionB of that 
little known r^on. Dr. Lhotsky states that 



4S 



LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



»boDt8400fMtaboTathelereloftheMa. 
l»eud«at csUad tba tlentioo of llic niMtiag to 
the cbj*f dooation of th« Manlni* » ocf|ljr of 
Sir. Uurcliisoa'i gsagraphical u veil At goo. 
logical work, *' Tbo SUurUn System," in two 
large voIuDMB, wkli. a beautiful bum engnred 
by Ur. Oacdnar. Having obterrea that cer- 
tain border^ountiaa ofBi^and and Walet, the 
Siluiiaof Caractwii CQotaiued dear erid^ici 
Of a lu crt Mi on of mniw of the nioit andeot 
itnta ia wlilah oiyaoic nmaiDt oocdt, Mr. 
Uarobiaoa haa devoted the-laat eerta yean ia 
prepAriog thla voik, which ii intended to ahew 
that the Silurian region majr aerre a> the type 
of a aortaal fpovf of hitherto DnaUatified de. 
poiitf, which then rln lo tb« ■arfaoe in ra^ 
eMaivaridgaa, end ooooaet the coal fonaeriona 
and other ororlying ittala with the older slaef 
rodu. Ia punuing this object, Mr. MonU- 
•on cebwred, geeh^[ioaUy, the itxata of the 
Ordnanoe Survey of elevoi oaiuitI«, of whidi 
the large map new prasceted to the pablic iaaji 
exact reduotioD, and in which minute detaib 
are combined with new viawi of general daui- 
ticatioD throaghont the ooontry, exteadiog 
frooi the MKUheru limito of Cbethire to the 
estnunitjr of Pembrokeahize. The first volume 
of this work, embnwlng deBcriptive geolegyaad 
physical gengfaphy, includeB • fulT aucvey of 
the opontiooa which tbe surface of this part 
of Britain hat paiaed from a mbmarine 'amdi* 
tion into dry land, and axplaina how the pre- 
aent drainage baa beat effected { tadk sul^eot 
being iU u awtted with woodcuts and oalaored' 
Bictiona. In it, the owaem of the aoU wiUabo 
find a dear aooiNiat of the tiaota vheiein ooal 
may be advand^aoaafy aoui^ for, aa. weU ae 
en^tatic wamioga against the repelitiBtt of 
maiwtrialawhiph bava ben mda to finA it 
amid Sihviaa neka. The see and volama da- 
acribaa tba ocgiuie remains of these ancient 
strata, nearly four hundred species of which 
i w w m kI in spirited et^ii^ and high^ 



I.1XVMJLX SOCIXTT. 

Ma. FouTXB in tlia diait.— .A. joala spadix 
of the SnatpHalmtM Aemdkis (Zamia horatda 
of authors), whioh had flowezed at XloBel 
Parkf the aeat of Lord Hinorban, was aaut far 
exhibitian to the meetiagi, by "qw^wBud ^ 
H.K.H. the Duke of Susan. The plant had 
been seat to Lord Dinerben from the Cape of 
Good Hopa, about jik yean ago, by Lord John 
SaaaaacCltaiahiU. ThcspadUwaaofawisoal 
dae, and bora a etnmg wswablaaca to a gi. 
cantifl pine een^ Reed, 'AaAooonat of 
Indian Species of ^wmhi end Ir««u^* by Pro- 
fessor Don,. Libr. L. S. Kight spedas wom 
deaoribed, of wUch sewan boki4r to Jmmiis and 
one to Lmmda. They aaa all fnm North am 
India, and were nnUniaad bjr Dr. Bojrle in iha 
Ulma%a xaa«^ balmia tba Oa^ and 
Jnmna, or ia Kuaaww^ a ooontrv dtoatad 
beyond that chain of mountains. Oftbeasven 
qicdsa ef J iw et ie, four an entirdy new, and 
two. are oommon Eniepeaa. spades, aatody, 
^/ianeiuf^BiMSM and ^/Mwa. The Lwml»a 
fjiieetafWhiah oeciH»«tt tba mountains of Scot- 
land, Wales, and lhniu|^iout£iirope, eiuending 
as far as thaeatneoyty of Lapland ( and bdng 
also found in Oroenland and Northern Asia. 
Auonff the doaatiane waa a egpy of Mr. 31ar- 
chison*a sfOendid new waA oa tba Sihiriao 
Syatu af OMb^y." 

ELXCTmiCAL SOGtSTT. 

Tuesday, 15th Jan»Read * An Examination 
of thetwo Theories of HooMigeiteous Attraction, 
aud Rs^iioo of the Partidei of the EleMric 



Fluid,* by Mr. Pdlock. Each hypothesis has 
been supported by sudi powerful argnments 
and facts, that both are entitled to nlr and 
candid ezamiaatlon. The advocates of repul- 
sion believe tbet the particles of the elenria 
fluid are essentially sdf-reptddve, and only at< 
tractive when iu motion. In opposition to this, 
it is askad^ If a r^ulsiveibrca alffM enisled in 
the electric flttM, why should two parafld cur> 
rants aturaot mA olber? Wbj Amid net 
this assumed repulsive force carry them from 
each other in aD directions, instead of towards 
endi other? Why shonM the fluid be confiaed, 
by non-eeDdociara, m the sarfhee of bodiea, aa 
Iqr the air ? Why net radiate in all directions 
from that surface ? The supportes* vf aSUw^ 
tion, ashing sadi questions, cenddar the ciee- 
trie fluid to be more like a liquid than a ns, 
nearly inesspp fa ti ib le, not elastie,aad, tbenifert> 
not aclf-r^tnldre among its partidas, and ob- 
ject to electric atmospheres. The r eseat t*. 
aearcbes of Faraday ere strswly bveuvable to 
these latter views. If the lepulsive farce alone 
deteaniaod the ptopanies of the eleotrk flnld, 
why should de com pod l ion be an afaaost oaoae- 
sary aooempaaiment of iu oenduction Uinhi^ 
eompeund bodies, a» water P Wby also. In that 
case, should induction through a dtelscorfa: take 
place by the action of ceotigBoas particles 
aleae ? Wbold not the Bdf-repalsiva feroa of 
tba electric fluid produce elactrio aotlon, Ind^ 
pw is n dy of tba i l iii wi piiiil u n and iba tmmt 
of contiguous partidas P Would ft not ntbar 
pass throogh thdr interBdes^ where the jaslafc- 
eaoe might be leaaf Soah, hawevar, deaa aot 
appear to be the case. Mr. Pollock inafsnner 
panav (LiL Gae. 1118) shawad, faom-tba action 
efltgkt upon diareeal, tbataohai^ in diev- 
KimaM of Ibt partidea of dwrooal, similar 
to dees iup od i lon, In Faraday's fiiaifii 
npon oompooads, and a reeonbiBatton, mast 
oocar dariiig the pasisga of the eledde flaiA 
-ibraagfa ik That chmoaal, thacafcie, wm a 
conductor ; whilst diamond, which Is saU to be, 
chamicilbr, the eame body, not mwdar g olng the 
change, » a aon-condoctor. If the electric 
phenomana ware dependant upon the selt 
repuUive action of its particka, why should 
they not pass through the intaiadMB of tba par- 
ticles of the diamond In the same way as uny 
pass through chaiooali But this diflBreooe 
of the dectrio properties of the diamond and 
charcoal has more tn do with a difference In 
their atcmle arrange me nt, than with the adf- 
repuldve forcn erf tba elcetrie flald. Mr. Pol- 
lock believe^ that tba thcMy of " attraetloo** 
is most applicable tu the explanation of dee- 
trioal ubuiomena, if dectridty be oonddered 
an isolated science, perfectly diatinot from 
that of heat, light, &o. But, he saya, It be- 
oomea a question whether the sdeuoe can be 
best advMioed by a strict adherenoa to those 
lawa a^iidt ouBUnn has aaootioDad as the only 
daotrkd ooasj or by mla^iag those laws, 
so as to include the phenomena which oon- 
stitote links Between the kindred sdenosa of 
dectridty, heat, and light, and may be said to 
beleog to other imUffemitly ? Tlw dectridty 
of a thunderMJoud gives no evidence of eitlier 
heat or lig^ ; but when it passes to the earth, 
as a tbundeibolt, it gives evidence oi both, 
which are aa atricUy electrical phenmnena as 
any other can be, being dependent upon the 
truisCer of the electric fluid. Taking the en- 
birgad view, Mr. Pollock thinks no one will 
dispute that a repuliive force ia moredtarac 
teristic of the plienomena of heat and light, ge- 
nerated from, an electric source, than an at- 
tractive force ; and, in accurdanca with thin 
view, be bdieves the " theorj of npuldon" to 



be the better founded. The mode he reoum. 
mends, at most likdy to dear th«se diffi- 
culties retarding the promss of electrical sd- 
ence, Is to examine the latent heat of bodies, 
and to trace out Iu changes occurring during 
the change of form In bwUet i because, it ap- 
pears tint the latent Iteat of bodies, and their 
electric fluids, are synonymous. And he thus 
condudes, if this course were followed up, the 
apparent anomalies attending the (q^oilng 
theories oS attraction and reptdalan, would 
vanish. The supposed jarring aqniaie fluids 
of heat, light, electridty, and raagiwtism, would 
be put to fll^t, thdr ^^nrent inoonaisteudea 
dearad away, and one beautiful canae for all 
natural pbeoomena be shewn^Jlead, also, a 
commnntcatloa from Mr. Mackrell, detailing 
experimantt niada br blmadf and Mr. Pdlack, 
with rehreaea to the bteribrenoa in vokaie 
batteries, whan arranged In series. They omi. 
sider they have tumoed a regular progtessioa, 
and have prcpcaed a fenwla. Into tba dotaile, 
our spact win not permit ua to enter. 

OEOLOOICAL SDCISTT. 

OwniG to an accident last week, the second 
page of transcript p^er on which the r^ort of 
the tieological Sodety aAouM hiue betn written 
was a bhutk, and we were compelled to omit 
Dr. Harlan's notice on the vertebra of basilo. 
sauruB (one), found in the marly banks of tba 
Wadieta Rlrer, Ariran— , and others, in hard 
linMttone^ in Afadwaia. In the latter, a fossil 
coriMila, common to the tertiary dqwslu of the 
coontry, was foand, as welt as Nautili, lSwitdle>, 
and Modioltt, of exthiet and new species. 
Dr. Harian is of opinion that the teeth, &&, 
liebng to a marine c arui v orou s animal ; but the 
fbsailDanetoasanian reptile, npoR wMdi he 
had fassiawad tba abev* nasae. Dr. H. alio 
oftred aoaa* iiiiiba mi a fisHil-ditooffevad, 
soma years ago, near the banks of thwYeAew. 
Btwse Hivees Utoanri, iMbaddad in hard Une 
limseUM} wUdi he eaoaMered te Meog to 
ibabatnobiaa ordsi; and to wUflh hoTrmooed 
MtNMrwMbstw. 



togiea d»i 



of Ba 



DVimemr IirTB1.KIGEITCC. 

We have bMn iwjMMed to correct vrror (copied 
IMo om paper of dw IU aU.) la svlMlaf ttw'ty^MU 
hnivt by tha VlctOwoctilcc tor dUi jmr't ^ftgnK 

They are u follow :— 
Pot tbe Luin Eplgnun, Oix IXmV'ni ylurtti ri 

For tke Caaak EpfpSaa. twrnk^rm wimnUn, — 



HimTARITIC LAVOVAOE. 

Sir, —I have read with attention and Interest 
your report of Lieut. Wdlstod*s letter to tha 
Royal Amiic Sodety, * On the Identityof the 
HImyaritIc Writing and DifOect of Job with 
that still spoken by the Inhaliilanu of Mdtrah.* 
I wonld, however, submit, with all deference 
to other authorities, that our luCannatiwi must 
be far more dear and acairate on this subject, 
tlian ItnowIStbeTorewecanventuxaloaopport 
such an opinion. 

A draimstance like this would be totally 
contrary to experience, both in ancient and 
modern* times. Thns we Sad the language of 
the Jews, after the seventy years of the Baby* 
lottish captivity, suffered a material change, In 
consequence of the Introduction of Chaldean 
methods of Inflection and expresdnn. Tboso 
nations 't*htch appear to have retained thwr 
firiglnal langnage ondfattf^S' for any ci|idd*n>. 
able periodoi^iff^tfiEjyiqLaH^^^t^. 



JOURNAL OP THE BELLES LETTRES 



49 



liar utuUioB, htn iiad hnc Httlt fntercoune 
with tlw real df A* world, or tbow whote 
caoBtry^ pr w lad ol ufd ei af ■ach » gatow 
u to to B bt J anly tajBrneuimah bvlnndinf 

WMl IMfMl 10 Ite Iwri Mfao, I HI or OpI. 

■ian it bau» m dflwr menbliiMe to the Sama- 
ritiQ tbu to tlw Sdiiopie duneter; Irat a 
gfMtar varia^ cf ipwiai—, eopted with the 
■trteccat ftd^tj, and dien omnparad with in- 
■eriptloiia on Sanoaritan ooioa, mnat ba aflfordad 
Mon «• couM deMiro aa It. Uorittm sajn — 
** AalfqiM Ihacaa Bdiralds aaadon liUwa cum 
flaauaitania as akUa aaa nwniatBalfi comut, 
tfom «x ndarflna Hterearil y i n ltanla effoau, cha. 
tacccn HiiaafkaBB p lenqna pweoaia anot, «z 
fttboi WtorM (M einek fi§wram oln raprc* 
aawliMi, liianaqM badiaraaa SaourltanM mb 
Miqais pwM dMTam colligftnr.'* 

Mav Ifab Matuieal Am ocean twice in tb« 
iaacai^akn givan hj Lieut. Wdlrtad in your 
jiMBal, Md the BiMopie (■« baan ao naan- 
Um* to it. NoBMOM InaarfpllOM wfil, 00 
to*t, be found by future trmvetisn I* tbeae 
Mgtam. The pimctlaa was vary prefalant hi 
the eerliaat lues, end la Ta>46el is the efllar ef 
Saik,Bal in tbaeaHblimfl faaaage In the Bode of 
Jeb, whwB , In refeeattee totlte woadt, knew 
that mf Kaia— er liTaA,** the petiinnh mfu~ 

\niah Might he rwdatea Ana— 4hai» 
he HI <t. «. the w«da) in the roek («r ham 
IMaae 



) wittt a grarinf aaol ef ivea and 

(or s-wlmeaa) far MB, *a. 

««t«M MmI. MMd, XM. 14 MM. 



aOClETT OF AlfTiai;4BIS8. 
Ma. Hallam, V.P. in the 4^.— Ur. 
ptA «BhiU<ed two lacrififial faalni»aBM iownd 
iaihoaaeaaMtofBbaef£tniriB; aemalof tbaaa 
■rtiwirii—qr inrnwan han* ham faiwifht 
aaar ivSi^iBd, bat ma baHeca DO one baahan 
■Ua t« asalain the axaat nae laC tfaaau Air. 
CL R. teitk asUHted a Rooan wdlgbt fanod 
ia llie bed ibe Tbamas ; it waa of bcaaa, in 
iha farm of a wolTa head, asd bahUy aaaaitail 
The aaadiag waa renclwdad of the *jUfe of Sir 
htar Caaew,* giving aiuDlapartianUia of hia 
daaA and fiiuvaL Mr. Baftz oawBanfaaMid 
■Haautkulararelatiaa to the battle of Cretsy, 
■d OM poaitiaM and auMremenu of (he tvo 
anaici immadiaidy ^eriona to the battle, 
wbidi being partly nad, the naoalndar ma 



tlTKEABT A«» aCIIirTiriC HKBTflKS 

roa TUX BvauiMo wsbk. 
Umti^ StmOmM. 8 V.U.I BiltMiAtAlt«Ctt,8F.M, 
TWri^^Boyd Medical ud CUrantol. a| r.it. t 

H rjui KMieo-tolBBkil. i p.11. 

JWitM . B owlSodMy. ^ pji. t anllaaariai.»ww.i 
■ y I W i ly «rf j I t — m a , « wm.i vS3mmt,trM. 

— ft n il^— ATtiltf Coo tCTMtow, 7 P.H.t Oini'i Ho»- 

r<w. a 



nm AKTB. 

TKK DAOOnOTTni. 

Patta, Mb Jaaiutr, lUBi 
IL Auoo Bude, on the 7th of tWa BMHrth, a 
vartal ceaMaunicatioo to the Academy affioi- 
aaaaa, on the fine dlaoo>«ery «f At. Di^uarra, 
wUah aoafiraa aB the inpmantjMiou af the 
lapart whieh we gave leat week. We oatcaet 
mmm peaaagaa.. " bi the mBaara.ehacwa^ the 
iaiaga la paetetly defined a4ten the lana ia 
eAraaaalie; the aaane p ca ri alan la aaen in the 



ioagea obt^nad by U. Dagnam, wUcfc 
■eat an objaeM whh a degree of perfecdea 
which no daaigoer, however ilulAil^ can equal, 
and fioialted. In dl the dalaila, in a nwiiner 
that aweada beUcC U U the light wUdi 
ftarma the fanage, en a plate eawerad with a 
pardcolar ooatTng. Now, bow loog a tine 
doea the light raqirira to eseente tma opera, 
tion ? - In our dimate, and in ordinary -waadwr, 
eight or tn minntea; boA, under a pure aky, 
like that ef Egypt, t«o, perbapa one nianta, 
might luftca to execute the mat lODipIeK 
d^gn.** 

Cenaidaring the great utility of the djaeeverf 
to the public^ and ua extreme liniplidty af ihe 
prooaaa , which ia aucb that anr peraon mty 
practiaa it, M. Atago ii of ofiniem^ that it 
would be impoaiiUa, by maana of a pittesC or 
otbaraiae, to aecure to the Inventor (he ad- 
vantagaa which ha ought to derin from it ; and 
thixdu that the itett way would be for the ge> 
vemment to purchaae the oeccat, and make it 
public. M' Anno mentfotu the attempu for* 
tnerly made to obtain imagaa ia a limilar man- 
ner, by Ihe aotien of the light oa ntirate of 
^rar : oo Ihii point he tan, — " M. Dagnane 
haa found • aubatance infinltdy owe awiaible 
to the light than the ehkmira of tUvar, arbicb 
ia altand in an laTenatHaM^ thait la to aaj, 
whidi loaraa on the acvaral paittaf the phuU)* 
ootra^pending to iIm aefotd paRa of Ae object, 
datfc tlnu £ar the shadoary, half liota fiar the 
lighter parta, and no tint whaterer for the 
paita that are quite Inminoiu. Whea lUa 
action of the li|^t on the different parta of the 
plate hat pradaaad Am daalrad aMea^ M- Ba- 
guaneatapa It at ence, end the dealga, arhiflk 
he aaididiaiM from Ae caaana ebaaia, wmr 
ba wyoaed to the «tU of d^« «Mw«t 
uademdi^ amy aiiaratioo. 

K laa eeaaider U. Daguenia'a dlaooiwy 
wUk roMODt « -tlw utility wbiflb U«tay have 
la the aoianeea, k k erident that ae aaaaiUe a 
naagnnt aa that which he haa found, nayew^ 
na to -naka photoaaatakal aipariaianta, wbfth 
have Utbano bean npntadimpeattlde. Sabb," 
aaidM. Atago, *<are eipei<aienM oa the light 
oflhe Boont wUcfa the Aoadeiay had daanwd 
of auttcfena ImpoBtatioe for k to appoiat « 
nniaeBiHi a, leanniaaed ef M. da laplaea, M. Ma- 
Ina, and myaalf,to mdie aham. 7hel%htof 
Hm ateaD ia hMwit-lo 4ie «NMM0 «iMa weaker 
than Oiat of the tun i pat «e did net datpair 
a£ obtaining aomeeenailMeeANM, by maiia of 
a Jana-af ve^iawediawneiant. Wenadauae 
of a vary Uffga Tana, tewngM fram Aueti^j 
and, plaelng aonte obiwara of ailnr in the 
focua, ebat hmag the ntoat aenalUB eeagaat 
kaewa, iMtt the «U^iiHt tfiaJawdlan was 
pera^bla. It oooomid ito «i«,ihat M.JW 
guerre migbt hare moM attooaaa wiA Ua new 
raagantj and, in foot, ha obtained,ia twaaty 
aiantaa, on Uadaok geauDd, a wliita Iwaja af 
iba «iaao,flriih a km ftr laaa f oaarful «liitt 
em." 

M.fiiotiAladaaaaa.dataaetailNiaslnB by 
M. AtMa. « I haw aawal tlMB," add ha, 
" aaan H.Sigttflni^and I eanaay, tbtf ladw 
Bumaaona trada whidh be haa nude «e attain 
tbeie anonltfting raa^ta, ho haa diaoovarad 
aeveoal astrenwlQr iateieating prepertlea of 
light, aoaae ef which ni^t Juive been foreaean 
by natural philoaopban, aa aaan aa they iaquked 
what mutt happen In certain given circum- . 
ataneaa, bat of which otbara were completely 
onexpected.'* 

Aa fiar the priadpal dtaoorery, I can apotk 
ef the parfecliou of the leauHa obtained, not' 
after my own jttd|aientt but after Aat of a 
c^bnted artbt, JL Pud ManMflwain whon 



oanpaar I have examiaad aonw of the daaJgna 
tabaa by the new ptocaaa. H. DeUrocfaa 
thinka they nMy give uaeful Unta te the moat 
akiUal paintera, ta <1m meaner ef espiaaoing 
by Bgbl and ahad^ act mUv tba MUaf of ob« 
ieeia, bat «ba laed dfaitt cW Haie baa- 
nUafiaplaatarBad bt MiUa, viB be diffar- 
ently vapreaaated la dw twa deabpti and yoa 
eanteU,atlbafifatglaaMe,«lilBb1a Aelni^a 
«f Ibe platter. 

Ia one of theae dad^, yoa may ^auwC 
toU (be boor af the dey. Theaa riawa of the 
aaoaa aionuBMnt are taken t «ae in the ibmii* 
Ing, eaa at nooa, and the ether ia the erening ; 
a«d aoMy will raiatake the cAet of the awra- 
ing for that of the evening, though die eua'a 
altitude, and, conaequentlj, tfao relative lengtht 
of the tliadowf, are 4* nnie In both.— 

«aai,Wli Jnnaty. 
The diaoovery of M. Daguerre baa been for 
eonM date peat the eiri)|ael of marvdloaa atate- 
saaatt. The Ingavioaa oontriver ef die Die- 
renu bad devoted Mmtdf to the aindy of the 
p ao p a wi ea of IMtt, wfdi the ardour and per. 
aevatanoe of iHiicb genfoa aione ia capable. 
Yet the aecounit, fiAuleaa aa they appeared, 
aae eenfornadde to the trnlb, except that 
M. Bmierae'e ptetarea do net give the ftdour, 
bat eiuy the oacHnea— the Hgbu and ahndowa 
luf iboaiodH. It ia aet panting, (t la drawing, 
bat drawing oarried m a degree of perfection 
wMeb art en aever attain. The faodmiie ia 
&uMeaa. 

fiwary plature diet waa ehewa na prodnoed 
an axdawadaB of admlvallon. What fineneaa 
iatbea tr o b aal What knowledge ef the diiaro. 
eanaet Wbatddleaoyt Wtetax^aitefinirii ! 
Bow eofi la that atolFt Hew aaHent dioae 
bat-rdlelbl There la a Venue eroudifng down, 
aaen ia dtfiterenc pntnta of view. How adroir- 
.eUy are die foreahorteidnga given : it la nature 
itaelC AH tbU fa wonderfuL Bnt who wiH 
a^ that It ia not the work of aome able draughta* 
am ? Who irill aaonre ut that they are not 
drawiaga in bialia or aapiaP M. Daguerre 
a weaeia by ptttting an eye^aaa into our band. 
Than we perceive die unmeet Mda of a piece 
of drapery t the tinea of a laadacape Inviaiole to 
tbe-nakod eve. With the aid of a ■pying^^aaB, 
we bring the d i at a neaa near, in the nuaa of 
buNdiaga, of aooea a ariaB , «F jawercaptlble tndta, 
which oeaipeat a viear of Panataken fiam the 
Pont dea Arte, we diadnguidi the amalleat de. 
laHat we oawit the pavi^-atmea ; we tee die 
humidity ca naed by the adn t we read die in. 
ecripUmi on a ehop atgn. The effect beoonea 
Mima aatniilililii(!. if you employ the m l c r aaeope. 
Aninaatt of theelae ofapea, die garden qd. 
der, oaMBoady augnifiad a aelar micro. 
•DMpa, ia aadeoled ki die aame dimeaaionB by 
dv musraUouaininor, and with the moat roi- 
Mrta aacuracy. It ia aiaaiftat bow aaefal M. 
Pagaatfa'a 4iaoaatry wall ba ia die atody of 
oataral hialonr. 

The aniat baa akHily eodcfced eoiaBee with 
the aohriioa of aereaal problana. The expad' 
maatt on the l^t itf Skfam have oonfinned die 
teadmony ofBaturalpbUwaphy,andabaodaady 
psoaad that die atam aae bodiaa of the aame 
natare aa the aan. At the raqnaat of M. Biot, 
II. OagutBPa haa snbrattted his appaiataa to 
tbewiwaace of the light ofdMrnotui, and haa 
auoeeaded in A^ng the imayi of that luminary. 
We obemed diet the tm^ bad a trail of li^t, 
aometbtng like the tail of a coBtat, and we 
aaoribad it to the aoovement of the iHidy diuiog 
the operation, which ia of much longer.diiration 



THE LITERARY GAZET'TE, AND 



image is msde with more or ]«Ba rapidity, accont- 
iog to the iDtetuity of the light, which It more 
powerful «t DOOD toan in the motniiig m vrta- 
legt in smnmer than In wlntw* in a latitude 
mar the eqoator tbao near the pde. M. Db- 
ftuerra baa hitherto made his experiments in 
Paris only; and, even under the moat favoor- 
able drainutances, they hare always proceeded 
vritii a slowness which has not allowed him to 
obtain complete tucoesa, except with In a nim ate 
nature, or nature In repose. Motion escapes 
him, or leaves only Indefinite and vague traces. 
It may be presnmed that the sun of Afdea 
would give him InatantaneouB autoeTa^is,^ 
imi^ of natnr^ in motion and ui».^Lt 
C^amieroa. 

KEW PDttLICATIOKB. 
The Onlg Dauphtfr. Engraved by Engle- 

heart, from a Picture by Sir David Wilkie, 

R.A. Motm. 
This interesting—painfully InteretUng— per- 
haps, too |iainfully Interesting woric, forms one 
of the series of masterly producticms from the 
penoU of Sir David WUkle, ebuMd for publica. 
tloD under tbe head at Domoatlo Sobjecta." 
NotUog GUI equal lb* depth of ita patboo, 
eao^ tbe ment of ita execatloo. It r^re- 
sents a young girl, lying on what there secma 
but too much reason to apprehend Is the bed of 
death. Her phy^dan (an excellent portrait of 
Sir Antbooy Carlisle) siU by bar, and b in the 
act of feeling her pulse; while her agonised 
uarenU are breathlestlv awaiting the result of 
fiis investigaUon. In tne words of the detailed 
description whidt aocompanies tbe print, AU 
things announce one <^ diose dreadful nunnenta 
into which are crowded the feelings of years,— 
one of those fearful trials of the heart which, 
be their issue what it may, never leave the 
spirit as yonng, nor tbe Ibidiead w fmb, as 
they found them [it?].** It is said on the 
highest authority, that " it Is better to go to 
the house of mourning than to the houae of 
feasting;" and, by a parity of reason, the 
occasional contemplation of a pictorial scene so 
heart-rending aa that before us nay make tbe 
apectatw, thoogb " a ndder,*' yet " ■ bettor 
man." 1%!^ at least, la certdn— that the 
painter has beie accumulated, with oonsnm- 
nuite ability, not only in tbe principal features 
of the composition, but In it* various and well- 
imagined accessories, every citounutanoe calcu- 
lated to produce tbe melanchidy and sympatbO' 
lie feding wbidi It wu bis otriect to exdte. 
Tbe plate has been engrmved InUne, wltb great 
cam and talent, by Mr. Engleheart. 



ffreat spirit during many years. In private 
life, Mr. Lodge was full of information ; and 
bis geatni haUta of some literary pecnllarlUes 
— iBoh ai mndL itndy and die bunp are apt to 
generate. HewasmnuLOBtoemedbyhis&jends 
and tbe ■odety with wlilcb he mixed. 



Has little of novelty for record. At Dntrj/ 
Lane, a smart and soocessful farce,from the pen 
of Mr. Oeorge Dance, and entitled Noa or 
ATner, has been produced. At Cootnt Gordm, 
tbe popular favourites continue to fill the the- 
atre to its utmost capadtv every olgbt. The 
Queen has visited Drnry Lane twice, and the 
Haymaritet once (on Tuesday, when the very 
deserving manager, Mr. Webster, took his bene- 
fit), in a private styl^ and was allowed to enjoy 
the entertainments wtthout nradi calling for- 
ward. The tft^/marktt eloaed Ita teason on 
Tuesday, but on Wedneaday Mrs. Fitxwilliam 
bad a bumper benefit. 



BzoomAarBT. 

EDXUXD LODOE, SSQ., r.S.A., &C. 

We have this wedc to record the deaUi of this 
veteran In Utetature. Mr. liodge died on 
Thursday, in his 79Ui or 80tb year. He waa, 
we believs, Nortoy klng-at-onu In the HeraM'a 
College, a Fdlow of the Society of Aotlqaarles, 
and otherwise honoured by literary titM. In 
1791, Mr. Lodge pntdiihed. In 3 vds. 4(0. 
"Ilhistntions of British History, Biography, 
and Manners in the Rdgns of Henry VIII., 
Edward VI., Mary, EliMbetb, and James I., 
from MSS. belonging to the families of Har- 
wood, Talbot, and Cedl." Hla next wotk waa 
the Biogn^ical Illnstntionswhidi aeoompany 
portraits by H. Hdbdn, In the royal ocdlectlon, 
folio ; bnt his great undertaking, that exten- 
sive collecUon of portraiture and Uography 
planned by Mr. Harding, and so well known 
under the title of " Lodge's PiMraiu." If we 
remember rightly, it was oommenoed some 
twenty-four ytnn ago, and omliinwd witb 



▼ARIBTIBB. 

TEKT OEIOIKAL COnnKSPOKDEVCE. 

Wx have in our time recdved a pretty cm^- 
deraUe quantity of original oorrespoBdeaoe, bnt 
oddom any more original than tbe following, 
whldi we hiaart liUratim, togeAar with the 
tllkifage daMvlption of the MS. poems offered 
to our patronage. Perhaps tbe lamide will sa- 
tisfy our readers, without our gring Into the 
mam oomposidona 
"TfOmatelw ttfOu BrilUk JmttaHm Fulmilnt » 

" HoxouKES Sib, — we bomUy b«g Your 
pardon in trespassing on Your atentton at this 
time I am prom ted by stem Tyranic neadses- 
sety to this very uapleasent task Your honour 
will see I have been rather an nnfortunat 
Anemal In life In ba^ng to leave my native 
home 'Sevral times for want of enidoyment as 
a Damask weaver having having a Shop and 
loonu of my oun the first time I went into 
Army eight years when ray Reg* was broke I 
returned to my trade and continued tvelve 
Years more When I was dlscurded again— By 
tbe fidl of trade and the failing of Manufac- 
tnren Any emphmnent 1 have bad since baa 
been In tcMiing dandiw after a long Serels of 
Seckness I came from tbe City of Norwich to 
London Expecting to receve Some Scores of 
pounds dew to me by Thomas Earl of Elgin 
and Admiral Sir Philip Durham, who was the 
Earls Brother In law Elgin la my debtor for 
Teadilng Has Esmlly dandng and tbe Admiral 
fbr TaUe linen I wove for bee first Lady 
Cbariocte Boce tbe Eatls Sbter Elgin has pro> 
ntesed Several times to pay me bnt be has not 
made hes word good on that point I have not 
got the tythe « mv labour from my Noble 
Cuntrymen they botn had Maney letters seven 
Years ba^ but tbe Barretter made up the 
Usnesi with them Wyse was bei name H P 
I have Snfered a good many privations ffinoa I 
came to'London not having any employonent 
there has been great promeses held out to me 
E'er grass doo grou the beast my die 

Hon' Sir,— .were Yon pleasd to help me 
to rit a few of my nutle rhymea In print and 
make me a fiying Stationer I will be itemaly 
gatefnl to Y<mr honour and as in denty bound 
will for ever and ever prdy 

** R. D. Patgbsom 

•• 10 Jua 183B 
•< IS S< Aniu S< WMtnUiateT." 
"OrigiMi PMlrratiama>aaltmdhmmmirt>iftnmlttmM 
■M? A/If $Mtert* Sffiit-niMtr ofMl M«aM «• SmmnI 
mmiim dHbb-friUf btlvftd Smm (HO ht wywi rnnuk 

Wpon Urton awl Ml>>>c(> 
R^^pon too the win be mixt 



A( lav pntdien an nou to many 
My rignt may be aa good aa any 



cpcgnna and epMapha 
I maiae Coduttc* and WhiM to 
The ludkala will *ee tome cfiaff 



To 



CO eulogyi and aiafyt 
m ttHKOu^ &na and LmdM flcsa 
I'U try aonia of an rank* to phue 
on a-<raMu thet* will be many 
Of outatk onaa then la not aay 
on Raatitutlon of all thiiv 
Wpon poitCT-prbMi — Bbnoptaad cn Ktans 
Hera ye »IU aaeaooMKal qnaan Ikkv 



W 



ofaooci tbeyn be a nay lua diiae 
mm loTe-wmr atxron Matoor 
I nantlng Ballon and tbe tm 



I think ny wDtki will make tami Totumca 
The prlee wUl only ba tan ihllUnga 
It may be Icn will be no nan 
EMortloo 1 alwaya sbboce." 

Animai iiwrinof.— The following fact Is re- 
lated by M. Boden, pbystdan at St. Donnal. It 
occurred at St. BManet-anr-OakuM, canton of 
St.Valiier, department of tbe Dfome t— Three 
dogs, two bdonging to M. O-^ and tbe other to 
M. P— ^ of the above village, went out to hunt 
without their masters. It Beems, that after 
having eagerly pursued a wild r^bit, which took 
refuge In its burrow, one of M. O— *s dogs, car- 
ried away by Ua eagerness In tlie diase, en- 
tered so far into tbe burrow, that to retreat 
wu Impossible. Alter eoratdiiBg to no pur- 
poee to extricate him, his two companions re- 
turned home, in a state of melucbdy and 
despondency, whidi was observed by their mas- 
ters, who could not guess tbe cause. On the 
fi^owiBgday tba two dogs again disi^peaicd. 
They returned in tbe evening to tbdr respect- 
ive homes, exhausted with fatigue, refusing 
food, their feet bleeding, and their bodies-co- 
vered with earth and sweat. The same thing 
happened on the morrow, and following days. 
M. O— , seeing that his dog did not return, and 
surprised at the didly disappearance of his se- 
cond dog,whid) did not come home till night,and 
in a most depbrabte oooditloB, ^whe of it to 
H. F— , who tM him that for a wedc past his 
iog had done jnat the same. At length, on the 
following morning, M. O — was awakened at 
daybreak by the whining of several iogt that 
were scratching at his door. He went down to 
see what was the matter, and his astonbhment 
may be conceived when he saw his dog, which 
he had supposed to be lost, weak, faint, re- 
duced to a skeleton, escorted by his two deli- 
verers, who had aocompanied him to his mas- 
ter's house, and now, seeing him safe In his 
care, went and lay down quietly on a heap of 
straw, Bcarcdy Me to move a limb. M. 
having then some noUon of what nl^t have 
happened, went ont to endeavoar to disoorar 
the spot where this afifecting clreunnunce had 
taken place. He found, in fact, that the nar. 
row opening by whidi hie poor d<^ had entered, 
was transformed into an open treiidi, which waa 
evidently die work of the two other dogs. 

Schiou'a A^jou. — We have just had a peep 
at the oi^es of tlus,exquidte little annual 
which have been pr^red for ber M^esty and 
the Dudtess of Kent ; nothing can exceed the 
taste with wbieh they have been . adorned. 
They are really aa fit for royal prewntt as the 
Sultan's diamonds, and will (we doubt not) be 
hardly less appreciated. Since writing, we 
are glad to learn that Her Majesty baa 
gratMosly acknowledged the presentation, 
with m aultaUe peeoniary compliment to the 
IngMBlous Mr. Schlosfl. 

IMtraturt, So. — According to the Supple- 
ment to *' Bent's Monthly Literary Advertiser " 
for 1838, thiSn appears an increase of new pnb- 
lications, the number of books amountbw to 
1B50 (1860 vtdnmes), exdndve of new edltiOBS, 
pampbleti, or perio^otS; k^^^JPt^S* tbnn 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



45 



snVD (fnclndlng cbfrtf-firo portmtH)i ifzlfra 
of ^Idi m eagnvvl in ih» Una imnner, 

tortyutm in mpzzotinto, fanrtMn in oqiiBtintn 
and fiztMn in intmlk, lithitfrnpliy, &c. 

j-t rtirri-cnu hle<if nj It'ii/iiHy. — At a Imll in tlie 

T'jiiU'J SC(it(»->, lliil i-'liVtTMliiiJI ]l;,|IPCI1>'lI l.l 

turn iijiiiri l'>ii)^>!i«b Arm;', ^vlii^ii a yi^itni; 

Injf Mnirirh .'l H' .in offiiwr, lier pnnurr, '■■Wfll 
uauf, I^nu^ynui' MiatS^mt knovkt yi>u nliout 
jMt. m da oar JViggen !" Misa Seni, 
IBmnSng oar gndous Queen ViclorU ! 

Ewtmjfffifnt to /*r(fj(i._The Kevf Oitv 
Eitfiitiuce Hotel, at New f)rle.iiis. ivn« 
nil Itie 1st nf Noi-fmlitT Ifwt. It ij uii im- 
iiiiiiiNi} e-t iMi-hrrfiii ; Bome >(ipa mpy Ikj 
farmed i>ii iu cmtlinew a»il iplendaiir from ttie 
Cut, tbM Ua paimlng of the wiling of tbtr 
lMtB.«Miii abM, D«t lfi,OAO doJIsn ! The 



IiITMrn^AKT BrDVK]:.TIBB. 

TitiiiLn M&irj j't. il ii ntKittcd, li ll>;el; In publiid his 
nemi liai-rlj. tn Amnirn in innn(hil>' pmti. 

KirfptlaK ^JiH'i'-u''yji.'N<'f.— > Mr. Ilunofiuu!], wr jri- in- 
fonnail. ij rr^iMinii^ .b ii!iir» al loci urn, tn which 011 jiii' 
jMirtut lie): I'j^.if'l- I He i1ini.'.-,i,('rv "J the IiuMfiti 
of INw ckirjtUi> "ill tn- Ji^^cloi-*"! \il tn mvt«l.le""i"ii 
irftfirHrbrewof the IMilalruih- Vl tnTiwe f.mild<.T itim 
tlif t>nicll[r4 ftliuin-l lif*ily ^•fin iti Kgyiir, ihp 
natui^J Infnenu' ti. that llipir Innj-jafic iriuit liire l>t?rii 
u TtHtli M poulblc IdmUcoL wUh (hat tbM sJ>ok«i in 
■tiM LQuntiy ; odiL. m I'mtnlmcll irai uriEiffi ttn]'"-- 
lUttrlji jftM Ihc EKOdiu. [[ pn^MnU Ute iM«Hi aiiitcnki. 
HwHonioihaluyuimAorilwlbmftlBi'hicli thwiTTniyiii 
ttHHir 14 hiwe bMB t^lwl la iIm npHwUpn u l>lu>i, 
TniiMfiiiii tUtwnUom fton siMnnii moniLmcntii wiiii 
liodH HWHlKCumniehlrrDnixii i^nH mierMllnc. 
In f^a I'j .-..' 

lbs YMT-Honk itf Fuctd In Scioiiv and Arc ■, BihtbUiOg 

tlw Bdltn or IbB ' • Aran jidlK!Ci.''ud 
ik VdUor DC Um " Wnor." 

£I5T Of yEW BOOKS. 
AB Aomc U Itic MUrcprrwnLallpia t^nlAinfd In Kn 
MtidBOD Ul« " Life ort'LirendoLi." In No, CXXLV. .tf 
IH IQlUitcrlT llrvlun," [ly T. ti. LitW. f.iq. Hvb. 
ti,4*— Tlurel-nirii ),c.!tirM.irrnif*H>f ^hith^fu,^^nlh^ 
ROini liflh- l.rTii tiy It T.irrniu, flu). f.H.S.Sto. 

■'>. -r-illi l^>ril.ri. Ill r)riihiT.il Lt(>EnMiep, by f- Waarr, 
f-t-l. LaMii^rul]) LiLiiitr.tinl, 1 V11I. rofiil Bva, Hy 
]-"ii*t t i'ii.i-Lliiifrii, -Ij,' W .\. I'urrip. lumn. 2». — Sena 
ftun Rul I lib M ri. "^hfT^.j*;.!, scriini) Serin, •guur. 
Ilk (M. — >'liiriii^T,s l.-riiiT wLih liu^t AildLilnui JI9 
PtUM, ruyal -Ota. 'iii. tlupc'i CulHipLcriic't HkniUil; 
FfetdbuaoM aeeilH, 8*0. tO«. Sd. — NaediuUk Hem^r Im 

■1 VflJ. LAia ISi^ltktehH uid 8kaM«M gfiici- 
, Vol. IV. llBD. it. U.— Tlir ChilillBii'i ntlly Por^ 
Don, by J. Bnn, Ttrw eH^I, tliiu). b. Si/.WaneC : ctf, 
(Mlaccn M Khhmb Nstnie. 3 Tolk iml flvn. 31i. IkL— 
OHMila; or, Kibaa live Wanilcrer. hj £-. Vfnttltf. TcMp. 
SA-^^rcunn II IFinnnonil Abjoiil. bj H. fi. HnlLpMI HI'l>. 
iih. ^^HnriL-e Vmrun : or. Lite in ttW Vf«it, J t^l*, 
Iwf 81 P, nil. (M, — J. UenDEll'f frafUfftl OfomMry. S^rt, 
MV»lr>'jiJoiiinah.Tic« oi.ll. U*(i. lU.— Tht 'aatbilli 
Omik. MKnl nuil liDllRi'^m Tj^itrarb, bt C. WiviraH, 
limo J. Sll■|>^cll■'l JlifCciryofSDuUi AUICtalU JlMltift 
S U e<Jilr ihr " Lud <jli^Li(nl»"|, ^<«{i. Ih,— TrJttii- 
Kllniii ,,r tiju ZtKikiijicil Society of Lrtnilon, Vul. 1;, 

K WAww, Mtf 4lvck Gf.— Tli« Ctu^tUji MiulDn, bj 
fiA. BchUj. IXma ^. «<— ^l«t Engtiih Poetn. lAmc^ 
i*^EfcWwtj«l I-hkI aoldt, br > ButMct, Vol. I. raial 
#ra. IU^-HhUN ('ftncrTf Pnelin, Vid. tt. Pan S, 8to. 
Mh^Thc p«eM»E Aliu^ W I. Tmplc, Una 
Tht Mttmlbi'a Litaan, Vol. XXUL ■• llarim AnphI- 
ttab' fAp, (l».-Th* We or LarA Anim, bv Sir J. 
~ T0V. no. I4i«--Hln'li to Mtduaiei on Stlf-Eaundnn 
I MwtMl IMniaiN, trr T. ClAXtoti, r.eap, 4t.--.C(iiii- 
.tUrtm om (fee LaworlUUniniti, by .T. Slot}, edltol 

SII.CWMA.Iva. lAi^Ptlcr'i l.iile of Kiltnuiid EJutke, 
Ml. Vta — Mmutil nf rrliafe an4 □an-KtXmi 
rtiJM-iii;, by H. Dun, IHnm, '-'.^ MilaW Matiufn<!n. 
I'C. ,^»•l^la[ll V-J I .ilfiili'i'H: ;l ibrmo. Tiilf* 

^nij ■■( Jtl" ..f IMi'hi l.v A. F".l;l!r. f i.-iif<. 1,.. 

. I ■ . ■' .. L---il-| lUilHHT. 1.. 

..r 1 iiiMtr.r. [15- iIji [lev. 



MuiL. 3 iiiiilJ]> <.i-[mi viriiiu L'ti ftmOe*. 

W Ina to to hif* tiW iMtiMaWll iB dm H wdlianL 
mid te il tail wMk. , 

Eao^Tc-N.— In bur TWtiot W Ifr. CMrt* Woodltdrj 



M^^Si/iSSbMbS 



A.DV£RTIBBMBNTB, 

Cpnnfirhri wi'A /<ifimilur« and lA* .if rf«. 

CAUTION. — MB. NEWMAN, Aitiit'i 
Uirinnn&n, M nana i^un, la gMM^MM af hb Nmm 
■iiaAiLiiH.1 luiifti mail qsKHnaMMj ban plaoidlmBoaMal' 
cum mi'nmfi' IL ite Ihw of tb* She* Ncoitl* waad hf Mr 
Jwpb,li»ebBJ>4BU«MkeBLM«4 taaiiaMd,Ba<«blehlia*ta 
furl la Hirtil IbciuM* tMritd, th* rnUk, mnt nnwthllj 
Jnbmt Ua FrkadjAM fek MnImm ii oMdacud on A* mtm 
HrlBctflM. and U lb* HBM Hakilt vbM* It bu bM w lablMwd 
fciT k* m4f jmri, -qd ihM ha ttaa aacownlDO wHb Mr. imtrtt. 




SALrs BV AUCTION. 
Anol^nt Armour Ud AVnw frOBl BpMlp« 
By Milj^HS. CURISTIBandMANSON, 
ATTUI^QRBAT ROOM. 
Kiiia mai^, umwh mquak^ 

On WEDNESnjlY, JANUARV Bd. 
AT oiirii PHBCUKLr, 

>1 fRf i M IWb l ^l of 



CHilnlitt T*(1> ff af Fallthad flUal, aacrand and 

illl! lldBilt and tFunilRi, — • " • -• 



TjupUin, In Got Aid lullin tatUi Raplaii and FtBcInc Du- 
jnn.itelntliplim4 imtrtmftmwmmMi BMba aTMam. 



Jri*IIL._ 

Haaalti T u M uil^ flwM afaa» FocaalaUi ami > 

SffS«lp*itTwBwf|wtatef , and CaMl^aw had. 

Tarn rovxATOvaxx cAsmT 
or AimQim obios. 

MESSAS. CHRISTIE and MANSON 

A aifaglfallf bifbrai Oa H •MUlj , CagaawMll. aad rmbHo, 

thil Lha titj cflibTaladaBd anl^aa 



CABZITET or AMTttlVM O: 

ChitHi In Intwibi, i^" thi lata Pdaaa PmlaMakl, af wblcb 
nail ranlaateSu ha (i«N, vUl to aaU kr tea la (ba 



OtDeotB orTaatB maA VlitD ftvm 
noreno9« 

Ejr MESSRS, CHRISTIE and MANSON, 

Ar TIJEIIH. GREAT ROOM, 
lUA'U VrHSST. AT. JAMRVS HQUAMt, 
asTSini^Bttr* FEBRUARY 7Ui. 
httiMr il Oaa o'Clack, 
■ navatBablaaadTwrlalanallBi 

auunr or OBraoav <»r taavb 

fMdHtalarUires POHlATOWSKt, 
Aad naiMb MMf*M Awn M« Palaaa at PlaMM 
oan-liiinl «f • AiUfa* MarMa Baiu aM Fi^Ma la i 
Ilignjn and TKn^MlBai ta«a Plaoai af Onak Pattan aaat 
•UnaallaWjaaiflapaafChnUaiHlInrT; Raotaa H«al«a, bj 
MttbaWj,ai i^ <|.m.j I[MlMnr«lBitB|alB<HI,Ae.*«. 
afcjIpiiiATwnmmiBilhft mt CiMumm bad. 



Vha VoBlunnkl Oallerj' ofMetarM 
tram riorniM. 
MESSRS, CHRISTIE and HANSON 

Baimllallj InrHm Lfaa Nsblllt; aad Pabllc, that 
On FRIDAV. FEBRUARY 8Ub 
Aad fbltavia* Oaj. pnaiMj ai Om atSlact. fktj im 
«i|LL BY AUCTIOir, 
AT THUR QREAT ROOM, 
Mma STUR, SI'. JAUBS-S SQUARB. 
MRT oI^I* aad (khmI** 

OMUwISh ariMilu, Tram^ VmUu 
w<»B>ah Fiafr— , 

oro« ruma rowATowaKi. fcw—ii. iw 

FilaaMFMlBUMfel tt FlMaaM. 
Tb|a CMltcilan »i c«Mniad fer bariac ban Mraad «llh a 
*I«T ta JMBHIaa A« MM PlaariM BbUmU aftfca dMhrax 

iti-hHik. iiiiMnlMi a bni 1 ifal lamhiM^ alib Iffaaaiiallli. 
VRaT-l*'l< a9a«MI,l!»U"<haBi a baaallfbl Gam bf V. 4at 
Jlr;dkn; a T.udbeapi bftnl^ni aad HpadmM aflhafUlav. 

■ III! ^rnl iiriiil Mfi-uail Mitliti, — 
I'lrmfifjin? , Jlrqnilpji . PMUata 1 Oliuall 

1 iilm i-iMniiiithins BabaM HaakatM 

I I )'"i<:i CaaalMil Dnia 

I. >ir4<:>(glg | >. Cl.'a^al \ |talil«JIM | FtdaBH. 

Ha; IM tinad T«o tiaja |B«aa«latt aad CaWanaakad. 



KyuaAVENOll. fiAAVINOB, AND PICTURM. 

M)^^^' FORSTER and SONS are 

Ul. diitsM IP atU bj Aaadaa, ai tba tiallarr. M Fall 
Hall. atlVnUr, Mh jMBJ.a^ wannllWIntai dap. a Cat- 



BOOKS IN THE PRESS. 

Oa Tbandl J ant, lb* td (dltlaa, catallalljr rrrUad, l« I wta. 

THREE EXPEDITIONS Into tba 
INTKRIOR at ■A8TBRN AtKTRALIAi w\A Da. 
i ti lpliaaa af tba naaMI* nalamd BHtaa af AaNraMa Mia. 
ant af tfci j pa— I Celaa* af N«> SaabWalaa. 

B| Wtlar T. L. MtTCHBIX, P.UJI. and lf.R.O.a. 
■arvaiar O aaatal. 
Calalalag a Oaaaral Ua* aad Hlaal* IlhiMfiHawat ben 

T. mmlsW. BaMa, * Ha* Baad Btfaab 



Oa Tbandaf , r«b. I, la f.c»a Bta. 1. claah. tba llifaad aad"^ 
cooeladlaff Valaaaa, vita aavaroai jnaavaUaaa, af 

Atreati.se on oEOLoay. 
B( Praftwur FHtLUra. 
FavMlae Tol. CXI. af dw CablaM Cfelwdla. 
•• Aa adatlralOa MUhMlM af tba ibI mw wfrniHI >• *•* 
pMaaal Mala.--B(MltAMta*. 

Laadaai T iii ^ iB,OFaaa,aa d Ca -i aad Jafca Tailet. 



HR. RBADB-S NIW FOBH. 
OaWadaaadajatatiatfa. 

THE SEIaUOE; a DRAMA, In 

1 TWBLVB HCBMBB. 

Bf JCUN XOHUND BRADB, Baa. 
AalboTaf" llal^,- aad M Cain tba Wandflm." 
iaaadatiwdOllajii Poblla LjbTary.CoMlall Bind, 
or whom taaj ba had, 

Italy, fn Six Cantoi, with Hlftorica) and 

Claaricaf Natal. 

•'Hi. Raada^'Ilalj'maybaJaMljdaKtlbadaalhanabtaalpaaia 
that hat appaarad ilnca tha 'Chllda Harald.'"— «lai. 



la a fa* daii, neat Bia. 

BOMESTIC SCENES In RUSSIA ; in a 
Darla* af i.a<tan, daiortWad a Vaa*^ Raatdanca la that 
irji cblafli IH lb* Inurlar. 

Ut lb* IUt. R. LIHTXB VBNABLXS, H.A. 

Jttha Marraj, Albamarla Sum. 



Naailt raadj, Ira. 

THE AOAHEAINON of ^.SCHyLUS. 
A aaw adlHaa af tba Tnt, with Rocllih Natn, <:rtiiaa(. 
HMplaaalaT>, — 1 Fbllalatlfall Dnlawl fta Iba Hat afHtndaau 
la tha UnlranlllH. 

Bf ibaHar.THOUAft WILLIAHHON PRILB, M.A. 
Haalar Falla* aad Talar la tha Ualmltj af Darbaa^ *d. 
fttauTiT Fallav af TrlallT Callaaa, CaBbridga, 
Jaba Mairaj, AlbaiarU Btiaat. 



la a ft« dii* will ba publlabad. 

SCENERY of PORTUGAL and SPAIN. 
D]t UKQStlB rJVl.l £iq. 
Ihi-an-wi Buaitb] Ij. lUgha. 
ThliwAik.wlikh iiTin fam in ilf la aad aaaaatla* wilb Hr. 
Vl-i.» < l»im.T>«h an V p.taHh M u aM, will Baalala Tbinj ac 
man Viivi arun* af Ilia moil la«nii|b "aW pIclaiaaiBa 
aT (It* SpanMi FrDlqHIlJ, 

rika,la«riair>4la,llatad,BiaM]^iair.baaBd,4l.4f. 

awbi aad Ca. Hai HaHV^ rSSCnimi Pilat ltaUai«i 
alilAafcar^aaaadV^BMd. _ 
U Sraal irarBaraawb ClrMf, Jaa. la. 

MR. COLBURN will pnbHA immBdiately 
IhaMlewlaf NEW WOBJCfli- 
I. 

Tha Idler In Italy, 

A Jaawal ef Iha Ttatala af iba Caaaaaaa af Bl U aa t aw. 
la fl nil. Ma. with Psilnttir Iba Aatbw, ^I^aSarr. 

II. 

The Romanoe of tha Huem. 

B* KlaaPaidoai 
AaaM*arMCHtafttalt«lia»,"«Tha BlmaadthaOMMt." 
Ae. aialB. 
III. 

EKOorriona la the Intarior of Boiata. 

Bj Rabart Braautfr. Baq* 
I <rola. Iia. «ith lllaalntlen*. 
IV. 

The Yonth of Shakipera. 

a? tba Am«»w af " Hhatipara and hU Friawli." Iial*. 
Aba.Jaal pabUahad, 

I. 

Horace Vernon ; 

Dl, Ufa la tba Watt. Siala. 
II. 

Pletoraa of the World, at Home aad Abroad. 

Bj tba Awbar af " TiaaMlaa.' Ot Van,- " Uanaa tira," Ac. 
■ ral*. 

Haarr Celbaia, Pablltbar. It Hiaat M»lbaaaaab "f ^— «-_ 
Oa lb* Mib wlU ba jrt ll abadjljMwjl. (Mr taa. priatd*. 

LIGHTS and SHADOWS of SCOTTISH 
LIPB. 

AI tama llOM, In i *al. r.aaptta.itri«aai.«^«dlilga, 
TtTltad aadfraatlf aalaiaad. 

The Life of Mamie Wauch, Tailur In Datkeitb. 

Wllh Ucbt lllaatiativM, hj Uaani* Cialkihaak. 
Wllllaa] Blackvood ud ttscM. KtllDbBiih; ud Tbeoiu Culdl, 
Londofi. 



B ail. aa I **taaj, anavMuj. aM tavani tMlavtaa daja, a Cal- 
la<ilM«rrMaraaariballfllM,PlaaiUh,aod XaaDih Scbaola, 
IhaPwr artr afaKrtl f aiMdala>ta aad latatMllBf Callaa- 
Itaaaf Bayaifl aa i.tBcladHn ialaialar aaaamblaia, lllaM«aUta 
aflfcaaicatariba rmtcH Ri*MBttaaaad tha Ufa gfBMiaparta. 
Aba a ob^aa V^h • n-Ultag la iba Ann* aad Nan. «al( 
a di j 11 It ha tba W aanrn afa HaJ aadMlllutj Ctab. A*artal) 
^ Ww ma* Jb Wnm i ma m hi AaaWW aad Madam Mawaaa, 

iivl»3MtifeM*eqa 1^ 



BOOKS PUBLISHED TUIU DAY. 

THE BRITISH and FOREIGN RE- 
VIBW.No.XV. Caataala- 
1. E»1j PrapaHaf Papal Pe**r. 
>. Mannara aad Saciatj la at. Fatarabarg. 

l.tc^mf and Utnataia af lha Moflaaaa. 
a. Tha Auulan CammataUl Tiaalj. 
a. Hn. Jaaiaaaa'a '• WlMai Stadia* aad Waaar BaBblaa.- 

B. mSTb. Tailaf , Bad Llta OwtiUai Sum^ 



46 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



Ht&TMtCAL CLAS»M0K8. 

A COMPLETE COURSE of ANCIENT 
HIROinr iflfet ITAm mi HATHim ■« Aim. 



AbridfgBt«Rt of OoMMitVa HtMorr 



QU1TI_ 

■l *• B«*- Mr. MMIMMK. 

S. Ao 

3. All AbridgwMit of GoMinlth** HIvtory 

of wKk a M*Mnd HMh at M: 

4. FiTfl Hundrad Qnentoni on OaldnnIlli''i 

5. Fin Bitadnd QoMdoM on OoUnnltli'i 
e. A K«r to tho Qncfli 

7. A OnMo to tho Stodr of the Hiitory of 

Sagliad. tm a Mmim rf ft aiwiiM. kj / Plvlaa. 

J. Ohmi, l afc—l UbmiT.H*. lU rim Uttm- 



[OUTER'S ImprctTcd and Knlartfed Gilitioiu 



a>» Vte-a. IBM? - - 
Burnt 't*fliMmtJl4. B 



_ . . . . 'tnirj <f 

Pr>D[»4. ■■ Hjtulf *l«>»nm— iM. ab- 

i"|ii!llH sf U(rf«'ll. KiMiai «r Xbm -11. AnilddlUH W 

')i!i«ra|rhi — Id. .fT^alili A.mJ4IlIiiei — L7. Clit-ulfM illAflaelif 

III. .t.HbmiUI— ly. riulaf.f— «<|i. rirlli.'i Cunilllulkra-ni- Bu. 

lin^Tinnr-ira- Pr.ntl. ri„j„,„.r- Ii»||*n arainmir— 
^i.. liairfil KoBvlfiln^fi. Ch«Rij>ir) — n, UaBuh-CI, Mi<ka> 
'*"?5'jl''^WM"!I|ff *'•*'*•» '*^^-~'"-*'«^ 



pablltM u IM Sthaal LAMn, Ul ftaM OtMt. 

gOUTER'S ProgroMlTO Primer lo SpelUng 

3. Soulor'i PromNira Pint Sofaool Rador, 
tt.M. ' 

4. SoutorV SoooDd School Roder, 4x. 6d, 

AIjm, bf (b« lU*. T. Clait, 

I. The Englidi Primer, with 200 Ensniv- 
8. The Bnriiih Slother's Cateefalnit with 

iMtanavtaib •£ 

3. The National Spelling. U 6^ 

4. Th» NatlMal Rwider, «itb IM Euiar> 

lap. SI.M. ■ 



0» Urn M rfratw^yrty IMifcii, yrtaa fc. atatt, 

POETICAL WORKS of PERCY 
BTM8B RHBLUT. 

■liMdhfHn.8tlUJ.nr. 
Ta Weaa>plala4 t> raat Manihlf ValoBMa. 
B4«M<< Maiaa, Dam tiraat. 



NEW BOOKS PUBLISHED BY MR. 
mniftAr. 

The State in lu Relationi with the Choreb. 

Bf W. t. aiadilow. ba. U.T. 
■Ta.*hW. 

II. 

Cormpondenoe of (ho Onat Chatham. 

Tal.Il.tT^Ui. 
T« ht MBTlaMA !■ « TCb. 

IM. 

The Art of Doer-Stalking. 

VIA II UlaunikM by U«Ib aaictwlaa I wiMir, lU* . 

IUTBl**a.ir.ti. 

IV. 

The Lifa of Lord Anrni, 

Tba O r aa w aliaiaa af iba OMa. 
BiaicJabaBanav.Ban. r.tut. 
fnMtU,tn.m- l>alM*va. 

V. 

Fksadn'a Relga of Tomr« 
■FjTf.aM W. F. r - 



Lotton An Paragnay. 
Sj J. p. and ir. F. RAmm. 
A aaw (aulas, I tali, paat tta. fU. 

TO. 

ElomoDU of the Pathology of the Hunan 
Blind. 

Bf TkMM* Mara, M.D. F.KA 
VIII. 

Hiatorr of England. 

FiaM lb( raacaafOgaN^O wFaa aaaf AI«J»Chtfallfc 

IX. 

The Piwnai end PrMent PoaMan of 
MMBla In the East. 

A >aw tdlUa*, iM. UtftU. 
Ma Mwv^AbMMkftMab 



Tha IM adlllim, lllBaratail with a Ponrtll M iha Anihan afkar 
Harlav, bb4 WaadeaM Om Daal|M af Uaatga CralkAuik, 
f.eap ■»o. a*. M. .< 

REJECTED ADDRESSES. 
Jata*HBBMif,AlbMMHa SMat. 



CLASSICAL LITERATURE. . Boeki 
FaU*«JlTKr.llawi. 

I. 

Bnttmu'O LotUoni. 

•N. Uh 

U. n 

BnttmanS Catalogue of the ImgulaF 
OnekVerbi. 

ara. TI.U. 
III. 

Pelle'a Agamemnon of AidlTlut. 

ava. laahw^i. 

HattUs'a Oniik OtaaanHr. 

WhadlM— . l i ilM a. I*alhan.a0fc 

MatthUa'b SliorteT'amk Ofuw. 

FailhaQBaaraabMb. 
MfeaUtiaadaaML •■ tiaai 

▼I. 

SdiUIar'a Latin OramoMr* 

t «•!*.>*•. Ml. 
VU. 

Lactnrea on the Cdnage of the QmkM 
andBomnM 

Vllt. 

Haaa'a Popular Aooonot of the Pnblto and 
Private Life of tho Ancient Greeks. 
F.MFBia.M.M 

IX. 

Coleridge'a Introdnetloa to the Stodr of the 
Gnek Claulc Poata. 

- Ma4lll«,r.aBplTa.fa.M 



UIMd. 



BtitchdI's Plays of Arirtophanoa. 

*lib Ba^ Wj|«y.i«dUa|wa W tba Oaa ttBtk^t 



I. ThtAikmaaM*. «. ThaWataa. a,n«KBWi^ 
«■ TbaClaMh 
a>».UIhaaaha 

XI. 

Mitchell's Frogs of ArUtOBhanos. 
. Stfc laikapraw. 
'aha Hwnr'AAawttaaiMW. 



M 



arPBOVBO BCHOOI^BOOKB. 

R8. HARKHAM'B HISTORY of 

■MOUIID. fttaiHlaa.WNlmu,>Hla.llM.lii. 

Mrs. Harkhan'a'HiBlotv of Fmoe. 

«ih aSiaa^ WaadaMi, a *•!■. laaa. ift. 

in. 

Uts. Markham^ Blaiorlia of Poland, and 
•r the Kn^ta or Malta. 

WaadaaJi, IkM. tt. 

IV. 

Mrs. Biarkbam's -Sermons Un Chlldiwu 
F^aapBia.*!. 

Storiaa finr Children trom the History of 
EogUnd. 

Illhadllla>,iaM.lfc«^ 



Ooasd Stories for Children. 
A Bav aMM. Itaa. If . a«. 

VII. 



VII. 

Progtcasive Oeogruhy. 
Br «>JU&at ar •• BMm llrfafcMi 
lraaiaUhBialUlM.ltaa.ak 



vni. 

Converaationa oo Nature and Art. 

Saala. ISm. «>,SI. aack, taMd. 

IX. 

BMha*s Joomal while on a YUt 10 

horUnele. 
SSadHMa.nM.r».aL 

Lady Calbotili Hbtory of Spain. 

WaaSaab, a ada. IMm. Ifck 
XI. 

Little Arthnr'a Hintory of Sodind. 

BjLadjCallaaM. 
1Paa<a«ltiaaa«aritllan, ItMSfc 
Jakm ltwwi.AlSMMrtpewwa 



UrLBNOIDLT ILLUSTXATXD M OBXa. 
1. 

la Mpaf rajal ttt. mUHi U Bnantlan, 

T^HE PICTORIAL EDITION of 
X BBAKSPaas. 

_^ Fanlll. aaM«ai>«J^lMt. Frlaalt.ML 
Tha Hataa mU HoOcm aaahiaaa am* aattae* >ka* uMara 

HBwlr - -•- - - 



"ao«HaniakalBTaHi(«laS far ika eMpItu laAmMlaiiTlba 
aaaiaM lariaif af aUaaH HaaM la tba 
luiwUI aau (n ib« ban ititmrnm iW ikt •Aisr aaa laaasn 
nam MMaaaa aaawn aa t wlib yantealai dapartHtaU. 

t> &a SMiaa a^ Taaraah^ aT Waariaatotka bmm a>b 
Alrtili laa MidafaSr^ mm Sarin «>ll prmUm ^ 
aitlMtaal aatt*HMia*T r 
iia«4(Shakwaratha«.< 



ilaMi 

, am lb* 

— , S^Mla n a l — aa»itj. u fmSaaa a* aai- 

afShakwara tha*. whilu It *aj b* mma laiataMlu to tha 
■■aarti raa4ai. •! veil ai mm* auiaatin u ■ vark af mit, tkaa 
*Br«klahkaiHlbaaBpBklU»d,akallai|Mal thawwt caatalaia 
aocaiau: lad tkM alhr ■ Bat ■nvwthj Mkala la tha anal 
wkah mn ha aaaaptabW aat aal; la bftaaS. bat amy 

ssarJs i-rd*^ " *• 

Ta ha aaapMad to M llHMhlr Paxlh 

II. 

B MfM Mnl ■•<>• wllh W BacTBTlDii, Bria* Ml rait IX. 
HR svw TmilMlMi •rih* 

Tales of a Thooiand and One NIriiU; known 

nm. BjB.W. LaB*,aB(baiBr"AaAeaa«ator(h* 

" itBB*." 



.isjBsnQtM wnadcitcivrHnaBanHBUu twaaa: 
,.w-j....^ — J II,,, iif«niiii,i imam' 



— _ rMi UBf baaabaS Waedoati, MMTad by ika 

ArUM*. arm adftoal dadfai ki WUlfun Harm. 
JE^ *r? ValaSJTrU ant .Ul ba MX 

ptaiaS *a M arPMaaaq. 

III. 

Ih*5rfj re»l itt. la Emptilnn, Tlf* K. ibt Bd Pari af 

llie l'ii;iiiriiiJ Hitiury i>f ^:»cliuid ; Iwine a 

KTlzfj nf ihr r«r|<la. M <■!)■ ti « H»li<0' Km^l^m- 
lUuiciMtdali^ nusjlrB..dtMIVw9cvciarniiMa'iHBUJtrHB4B: 

aalfL. : ri»ii .nd — ■ 

aaJ vii>.in»ii m 




lllBBi CIUrl« Knilfhi .nd n. « T^ilfltllX 



F_ PatI an. VU. ad. 

RANCIA'S REION of TERROR t the 
CaMlBMtiM ar " r*IIM»a aFaim M>.- 

Br J. r. hs w. r. BonKTa&x, 

Br Iha AMhata, N aSMaM. »llh Hapt ^ FMa. 
f rMt. peM Its. til. 

Letters on Paraguay. 
Jatw Mwiaj, Alhamuia Sinai. 



RICHARDSON'S NEW DICTIONARY 
•rtba B^liA I^naaa. 
_ AhiUflBd,lBtrarra*al,»Ta.lS<.itaU. 
Tkli BlaMaaat; aanprtMa, a* aaaBHT anaaltat, lk« twa da- 
■i T li n atiafXtT t aalaKraadBaplaaatlM. ikalanMrBMaan- 
Mlp Md elakwtMf iBVMIfBlad, and iba laM haaSid. villi 
■fw lakaar, wb nub malu u la.a lj Mlin ma* 

irtT"-^ eaaMaallMt BBiHaaipud Ib all albar Kagll^ 
"SSff'fS!""' " ^Vad, aniillt iha baah (a Iba abanalir aC 
d ^^ff|fjYSJ|',f^^^|^*mgj|_^'**' P" tad a M p f dla- 
A FrMfHUi. m i Biii iali d br ■ ipaelaa^ Mar 1m bad 

_ . _ . (anttlarthaPabUibar. 

Oa* naIa>fW*«rt.aMWalMaaiilr MM ri«nar Una 
. aatanBi iath(prlcan^ifa UuIbm*. 
wBBiM FMarlai, F^blUbar. Cbaacacj LaM. 



WILUAMHOWtTTVHBWWOKK. 

«r * tW Bwtf Wh af XaalMa,- aa. 

iMlMI I lMKMI1.0WM,MaCa. 



THO AHALrST. 
PrtBa«i.Ha. XXVI. ar 



THE ANALYST t « Qumhr Journal of 
MMabLHatataia, MaHni Ifhtuj. ^ ih* Ftoa Aru. 

. Camimmu. 
J. f^^U"! Okarmiinni — tlM^nt HINan aflka BafaraM- 

Ufn - It' Vit* mfikt Mii..r r I. Twy WbmHm Ib TTib 

mrl p...1n.|l, It.. «dllr.-.l. ' -hliuy^ UMah ■tike 

Ikf ^•luc• «l Call..)! — V.J>aHi.«iMM M tha AalMali Ma. 



Ul'T. Muinigcaiu Ab.U^. Ma. ( - vrUlM^ MMah aTAT 

ah.. r,*..b L.«,.,^„. N,. VII. TstSSTdriSiiiSii ; 

FrMot hawiBti^-i-in, BhMchat RanMB 
OiBMw(tn~I)L lUtMM. «i iih, a«Bi«bam*, llni. 

aj*r-XI- Sj«*.I*I..I-. rakHaaKSTjUI. Tha 

T-'n-Pi-a^W'"*! BctiMiaB SaeMlaa— 

Xl^. '>u%.intt *f P.iii.dm] l^iTT-iuiB—ZV. lliliHiliali il 

i...H,J.,. , M,-,.t,„, M.r»h.Lll,M4Ca. 

METAPHYSICAL T R A C T'S^ 
. . . rkllaNpbm ar lha U|hWMlk CMMty 

|drikaTCantoT^^>.taUBlfai«a)li md Spirtwf af TfM Pkt- 



Hailr da aaBM. Mwa, t* Idaaa— OaaaiaMaMi Qmiit 
>'H»MAppaUMtaBdAffbadaBat aad Tacka*^ Mm M OaU 
af Mim-m, 11 «arf ran, fataM, kat aara* paWUbad. kf Or. 
fin. kta. U. 

Memoirs nf tlie Rev. Arthur Collier, Aotbor 
afUM"«a^£M2rt£i,%^^ 

tt atehtfaalr aaaca<B<l.'-jr«alB/f t Cmna far jJSjSm 



JOURNAL OF TB£ BMUSS XEfTRES. 47 



XttW BOOHS, . 
PaMUW b; JaliB W. Vuin. Wtt SIriwI, LoDdsD. . 
S nil. pMtM- KiMilj mand la w»wiu> ctoth. If. U*- 

i^EBMANY, B0H£UIA, umI HUN- 

Vjr OARV, VUMd In IHT. 

AvUiDr •( " Tb» 8ab*luni.~ 

tr*. vlth an iddlriMSl Parmtl. prl« llf- didlGRUd, bj p«t- 
aUBisn. IB hli Urae* (b* AietiUibop oT Cuwiliarj, 

liTEMOlKSofthiiLIFE, CMAKACTER, 

JjfX MtAWItlTlNMK, ■(ilUllUiP HUTLKA. dM Aatbw 
»t'?*WAMlip." 

Om if fW aiB PHMlmm Caatarbafr Calludnl. H< iMUr 

•[ KiBfllODt, K«tl. 

■to. pile* ISi. 

I7LXZABETHAN AEXilOIOUS HIS. 

XZj TORT. 

rpHc: ANGLO-SAXON CHUBCH; Iti 

X KJwrj, IWTWWIi. — d fWMWl ChM«mr. 

tm tn. wHb RDmmiu IllBdrillMii, prlo* lOt- M. dtdJMtfd. 
kr •pKlal pnolMlcn, u Htr M^JMy. 

THE EVIDENCE of PROFANE HIS- 

X TORY ta lb* Traib aad NaeMdij ■( RnriUlMh 

rpHE CHURSn''GAl£^AR, AlMPiaff 

X tt* Maljdaji a^ FatUasdajt to ba abwraJ. laaathn 
Willi TaMu of tfca riopti LaMao* and Pialau far ■*•!> S*f 
ilmailiiai HiiTm rfftai liii 1 inw Ts Uua* an aMi^ MB- 
4t} Mtar Manni t/ftnalml m to iba Cb«fck> 

FaMaia-lf-M. 

/~10NSn>ERATI0M8«oPHBEN0L0ay, 
fiMnlin ilifc ■■ TauilMinm.rTrnl. iiij TIHlilnM 

tin— tiaa. 

Cutu afCuda Caaba. Vllt*. 
Mfdl(Ua,«kb atimj Illajtratl— »f rtoadfc - 

II^ECHANICS APPLIED to die ARTS, 

1.TX Mudlnc SUtki* aad HjdrartBtlM. 

FaHltkid aadtr U* UhiMm ^ikt CtmmUtm fOtifral hllnMm 

Bf Dm iUt. RKNRY UOSBLBT, If -A. 
Tnimm mt ftotual rbllatatbf aad AMraMBJ 1« Kl^'* 

»»». vlih muij Woadrau, loi. Bd> 

f^rHE STUDENT S MANUAL of NATU- 

X HAL PBILOSOFHT. Id ihlt Weak oRUln ptaaUaant 
HmU*cU baid baan utMUd, sllb vblcb 11 babara* wMT-aaa M 
baacaaalBUdi •ach,biauBpl*iMr*Utaia ahaiBkair baaalltd 
aar Mauataatd iBMrainaaUt all. Iba TbamMsatati Ifaa Baroaia- 
Ur and Vatalar, Iba Hidiwiaiai. Iba Hnn«<nataT> tba Taoiu- 
fart. Uadoal Oltmn aad HmIo jHwnGj.uba -rrriwlp. Itaa 
filij. iliiTiliirniia. tail ihi faapal ZKa laMactb jbAIImu 


In lime, ptioa 4t. Od. la elalh , laUaiad. 

A VOLUME for a LENDING LIBRARY. 
.xX BjroapHOC PAVI^IbD. 

baan sTChaitn. 
^ Tba MatMaM aaauhNd la uda ValBBwIuBa. inaat af 
than, appaandla •• Tba CialaMr'* Maa«Wr TKUar.- 
J.i D., aad P. Rltiaatoa. Si. PaBl't CtiantbiMdf and 
WaMriaa Pliaa, PaU Hall. 


r^BSERVATIONS on Limes and Calcare. 

\_/ BHiCamaMji, Marian, StBooaa., and Caaeralaai aad an 
rinililiaM. Matant aad 1 iliSii 1 1 Tasatbac <alih Ralai do- 
daaad ftaai nainaraai JtaaafiiaaM* fbr maklai AnlflM IFaur 
CiMwlfc laaal In ff MdaaBy te tba baat WaiacJ CaawnH afBag- 
■■l,ll^Wly Wytad lUwaa Ctmmf. 

Br iManaiPABLBY, 
Bajal Baslnaan, C JL F.B.B. fea. he. 
la ate. «lib aumiraai Wasdcita, pilea Itf- 
/oba Waahk M Hlgb Hatbata. 


RBV. J. M. NKiniAH-a WOBKB. 

T BCTUBliS on JUSTIFICATION. 8vo. 
Lectures on the Proftbetiaal OAce of the 

ChoTsh, ai InoaaaMaat vlih BaMaalMi aad Fapolwr Pr«Ma(a«|. 
lua. ad adltloD, 8td. ID*. W. 

III. 

Raroohlal Sanneni. M editiAD, 3 toU. 8ro. 
u;ii«.M. 

«*• A roHIk Valamt U Jut pabUifeal, 10*. M. 
IV. 

The Arians of the Pbarth Centnry : their 

Dootrix, Taawat. aad CaadaM, cMaflr aaaaUUM la lhaCaaa* 
eH»arMaClnrali,bat>aa>i i.D.aMaBd A.B.WI. aa^Ma-S^. 
Bj tba Ka<r. JOHN MliNRV NKWMAN.M.A. 
Vloai afSt. Uarj tba Vlr^H, Otibid. and Pillo* af 
OiUI Crilwa. 

PtIaM fer J..«,, and F. IUhmm, PaalM MaMUjatd, 
a>dWatatfM%aa. Pall MalU MdJ.U- Pu*ar«Oiftld. 


ILLUSTRATIONS of the PUBLIC 

X BD1LDIN08 af LOHDOK, «llk HMaMaal sed DaMiI»- 
ilTB Aaaaaaii tt aAlMHaa. 

Bj PUUIN and BRI'nVN. 
•d (dilkB, araall t aalanad aad lmpia*adi ta 

t TaU. Una Sira. lai Plalaa, baU^bawd la MaiBaee, 
pric>ar.si. 
JahR Vaalti* msh Baibwn. 


PaleaU.ak 

'^pRANSACTIONS of the INSTITUTION 

J. arCIVIJ. BNUINKSae. V«l. II. «ta. aBlbtni vllh tba 
Pint Velumt, U Baaiaiad Platat. bj tba bail ArtliU. 
JataD Waala. » Hl^ Halbarn. 


n^REDOOLD on tlie STEAAf ENGINE 

X oadSTBAM NAVIOATtON. 
Ha* adldea. In a ts)>. lana «la. villi lit Plata*, ailaa «L «■. 
Br W. S. B. WOOLHIXWB. 
Jahn WaaK, WHiih Katbata. 


I> 1 law valaaM, ISna. palaa M*. SI. kaafda, 

A <}0MPENMUM of RUDIMENTS in 

J% TKBOLOOVi naatHshu a Wtait *f BMwp Battart 
Aulant aa KallaBt aTUaaa Uaaaai an tba Piaiaiiaibi aad 

■a Analfila af SUhap Navuui an Iha Praphcclai. 

Bj th* Rar. J. B. SMITH, D.D. M K.H.L. 
OrCbrial'iCallan.Cambrlda; Baelar BrSolbji looMmbanl af 
naialMifcj airWiiil MMlji wTllaiaMitri Tlrawaaar«iliMl 

Frbuad At J.. 0., and F. MalaiUB.at FaafflCIWwfciiard, 
Watariaa Flas^Fatt Nail. 

Alaai bf llw tmrna Rdliar, 

A Manual of (he BudbBRile ef Theology ; 


DILAFIDATtON'B AND NUI8ANCK. 

XX OAZIONUand NUISaNCBM. 

Bj DAVID GIIIBON, Bm. 
ornaMMdlaTampla. 
Ineaa. aHaaSt. 
Jikn Wnal% ■» Hlfb Halban. 


MeaM*. 

IVTEMOIRS of the ROYAL ASTRO. 

IVX NOMICAL 80CISTT, Val. X. 

Ma. «nh Fiataa. aad aa Indaa u ibtTan TalnMa. 
Jabn Waala, W Ulsb Ualbwn. 


iMUbilajL aa Abttfdiwaa* af Bltbap TaarilM'a Bliaianu i aa 
tAwOHtoarilaliaSBTUaaaM) alaaiBMijarBhbw Faamnaai 

IhaCfW: and a btlcf BipodllaB af tha Thlnf.aliia Anialaa, 
ehlafljfraB Blihap Snmat; linalhar *IIh olbar uUcallaaaaat 
Matlan aaaaaeiad villi Jawiib Rltat and Cataaaaalat, ftg. Ac. 
M«UttaB.anU(Bid. lO*- M. 


PrtaaM. 

I^HE CURRENCY; itM InHnnioe on the 

X lataraai Trad* at tba Cawwiy.ta a LatW adJTilaid la Iba 
Di'pati Bf Saotland. 

BrMMM BARLSr.Jbq. 
Marabaab Oiawv. 
Wllta a Baallan tnm a maabla Wart Taetnlli DBbliihad, 
aniltlad •' A HlMM* af Pricn,' b* Tbaaua Tanka, Baq. P.B.)). 
Ulatgawi Jabn SMilih and Baa, itdlnbairti AdaaandCbarlaa 
BiMk. Landan4 laapaaa.OMa.'Sfatni.andCB. 


In iaaa.prtea>(,lBelatb, latlarad. 

CHORT FAMILV PRAYEBfi for every 

kj Uaralad and Kfaalu af Iha llanib* and fa* PMrtlcplar 
OeeaMaa*. t^atw Iba Lllyaifc»al^a»e<lalaM fai- 

Br'MBlIBBRnribafiHUllCHarBHSLARD. 
Priattdte J; a., aad P. Rittagtaa. St. FanT* Clianbjanl. 
■ad Waiwha Plaafc Fall Mall 


IIM ptteaSi. Bloih Miarad, 

T^ALES and LEGENDS of the ISLE of 

X VUUIT.alAaaAdawBra* Bftba Aaibai la aaaiab 
aSbai. B>anAB*jrBLDBK,B<q. 

TlUb lIlaMaill 1 1 Vlavi, Aa. 
Iiaalan : BlapUa, Manball, and Ca. 


la iMMailata aoaoaxlaa allb.yiiMi W ^"^'tSf'^' ** 
alia Ibalf applbaatiflt la ftdtiwafl AtI. ido Indiulf^' JlaJlaatidj 
bf r— i-i— , ta Iba LOTd BUbao aT SalMan. 

LaadaaiJabaW. Taikai. WartttttHid. luUtaiVlii OUfar 
■rfBaid. IMilhi>CBii7,)w.aadCa. AbTSTiv aU Maak. 

mwn. 


la • vak. latoa I*. taaaAb 
T^EVOTIOMAL EXTRACTS fbr EVERY 

U DAT In Iba TBA R ( oam^M &am Iba WiWasa at 
tailaai Aaiba**. 

RlalHMMt St. Pa*]*! Cba»eli;ard, aad WaMriaa Piaea, 
FaUIUi. 


BRITTON-8 ARCHITBCTORAL DICTIONARY. 
Dadlaatad, bj Spaclal cemBand, ta Iba Qoaan. 
Jn Mnl tea. Bilea V. If. balf-baaiMi, 

A MCTIONARir of the ASCHtTEC- 

XL rUBB and ARCH JlOUmV at iha MIDDLBAUES. 
Bj JOHN BRITTON, F.S.A- 
TbU Talama anailiu sf abart MO pasa* af Latlraprau, lllaa- 

IBad/aia. at-j bu!aL.TtiBlB*aai la langa vltb Iba «• Aicbl^ 
tMatBl aad tMMdral ianl^tya.- 
taadu f-a^maa, Otiaa. and Co. ; andiba Anlhai. 


RRV. JAHBS HLAOn WOMU. 

T7AMILY KEADINOS fron £a GOSPEL 

J/ atn. JOKK.' Adapaad, aha, fihaP»<f TiMbaai la 
Baadar t»abaal>. Itaa. la. M. baaT«>. 

t. A System of Fainily Pnytr^ for each 

MaaalMryd friliil^rft^Wai^ baaHi 

X PMn pRToehiRt Setmoni, pmcfaetliD the 

FMhCftarcbaTBaltaa-la-llao**. M aOba, la 1 Tob. 1^. 
<*.aaeb. 

4. Twenty-One Pnyen, compoeed from the 

PmIu far Dm Slat aad AfUatad. Ta aUakjuaaddad, lariaai 

& Pkin RflOMrlu on the Jfctu Omfiih for 

ifca Baaa«i af DalaUnaMd Paam, and lulMtid «• *ha I'M af 
■XhaaU aa« Faalllaa. Omt. U.*l b—x**. 

6. Aunotationa on the Epiatleej hab; a 

CaaMa^lM li Mt. RMart AawaiMtii aa ikt Osmb Md 
Jialb MiadlUaa,a*Mira[a.K ' 
Kl tba R«*. JAMiSS flLADR. U.A. 
TlanaraalMhaadrnkaiteyarChaMr. 
rriaiad to J., 0_ a^. IM^^aaiM PavFa Ohmkind, 
aad Waiatlaa Plaaa, Fall Mall. 


FORBGHOOU. 
la at*, rrtaa fd. la elatb baaidi, 

A PBACTICAL INTROPUCTIOK to 

X\. ORBBK PIUWB COHFOSITIOH. 

B« lha Ha*. T. K. ABNOIA, lU. 
Brariar ar Ljadaa. ^ ralaFalla> efTri1it<!»llni.CM*Udai. 

•«* *9**k <• ■^'l OIlaadariTt Plaa. eamlali 
af a Oiaak Sjalal, raaadad an Bailmaa't, and aaaj Bantaanaa 
labauaaUaud lBiaQtaa>,afMatt»aB giMB>li» «aJH> jlwai 
Wetda. 

Laodaa i BiTlasMi, aad J. W. Parlar. 
In tba ff«Mi ^ lb* MM* Aalbar, 

Fraotkal Introduotiea to Latin Proee Ola. 


WaiUMMMI MRMWlAli A» VATSUOe MODKI.. 
•aa- U. aawad, 

DEMASKS tm the Conne^tm of the Wel- 

XV UatMi Uanxolal and Iba Wautlaa Madal. vlUi a >ul|. 
aMaBtaatMw. 

Jll F. a. *. 
WMii*F». mJiiim,m9mkttm num. 


In paM fftaa T>.«<. 

TONATIA;and other PoeiUB. 

L Bt HABY ANNB BROWHL 

Aatbai af" Uaat Blaoa,' " Admr *c. 

Bf lb* Ma»a Aaibart 
Ada; and other Peanis. Bmt9ro. 6*. 
TheConMl. Sd BdlUan, wot 32nBiv lilk, 

ai.M.| ata*,St.a(. 

The BiitUay Gift. M edition, uaUotm iu 

riia aad ptIm «lib "Tba Canaal.-* 

Lsodaai BanKwn.Adaan.BadCe. Uiaiparti 
D. HaiplaaaadCa. 


U 1 aai. eoa. prtaa IM. ai. baaid^ 

PLAIN DISCOUBfiES, adapted for FbmUy 

X Ba^lMl n»lWin«aCLaa«awaantbaCiaw>iii aflba 
(Saodb, MdMlbaan Mi at *8 Baib at CaMan Ptaior. 
ftaaobad tulmg iba IHamtm af Adwi aad LbI. la AU SaiatV 
Obwdli HffVtan KNtfi- 

it tha Har. W. iflTTCHINION. BJK laeanbaal. 

Laaflani Hajvaidand Hoan,U PaUreoatarKBa. 

Ulailnlad h«ai Iba Dtavlan and Palailaii af Bdwin aad 
rbartatlnndtaar, BLA. Rafaiara. 

THE ART of DEER STALKING. 

X Bj WIU.IAM SCROFX, Baq. P.L.B. 

Jaba llomj. Aibamatla Birsat. 


-plODSLEX'B Mi oTviUaTON'S 

^^^r An A vjtb ibBuio i B»a n* im TW laai * 
rria*adfHj.,U..aadr.BMwM*l aaldvla aad Ca. < Laar 

«• bwfadi J. Dawtei S^MUt BtwrJaal aad Oa.| 
BaateapdCa-j H.UiS-ht If. H-RMt •»« W. Wallar. 


una. prtw ta. ML aMb. 
/~\TTBBTiniHl with atirUflid Amml A». 
la/ daoad (ran " Oaidaaritt^ SaMan HUtarj-- 


IB ■ •Bb.rajal Sab frtaa it. Ba. 

rVUU aALlfKRV «f BftlTISH 

X POBTUITI, >lik MBMOIBB. 

Tai. 1. Pinaaa. Urn tfttmet. 
VtL B. BMWia aad lanaaa, Wacftaaa, WaataalHi. 
Val.H Man if iii^i liilm 
Eacb attbaabaia Tbraa MtUIdbi fan* a eaaiplaiB aataaaa, 
aata Iba «(a<*ai 11 aaaialaaawbllB iba ibiaa valaaMi eaawltala a 
OallatT atraatBH* at Mildsab bmM dMInnltbad la (bta 
caantij, a* tba laadinf man af Ibalr raapacllTB nt—- Tba 
■alaaiM ara aalfctmlj and haodHBwIjr boaoA. wllh jUI adfat, 
and BIB aald aapamalj, pnc* On* Oniaaa aacta tbIbow. 

Al», 

The Oanepy ef Portrdtt of the meet 


Jji PORnS^allnSckelliiartulMBRtpr' 

UcMta I BMMaa il«lalt 
Caialla 1 Lacaaa 1 Javaaala 
rMfiMla 1 V.rtacca 1 Aalaalo 
■ laaua i di ihiko i viaaaiiaa* 
Panla J Slatla | 

Natalia II latlrata. a aaa Mladll 

JOHANHK Buoaaa >ithaIi, ajm. 
J.. 0^ M r. RMagiMjki OwMtNla PmHh, m VkadlcM 
ITaMlaB PlBM. 


LaadM: tHfapMa. Han&all.aafCa. Buawanf Hall Caan. 


Ulial.iadM.«llbPUIafcpnaalI.ll^ arvUhriiUa 
baand lapuala, ai aa Allat, If. 

A N ATTEMPT to DEVELOP the LAW 

xX of STORMS, bj maaiu af Fieu, anaaaad aaeotdlni 1* 
PUm aad TlMh and hMca la paM aai a Caaaafa Iba VaMaMa 
Wind*, wllb a Vtaw ta Pracdaol Uh la IfBripUaa. 

Bj^^Uaajj-CaLW- RBID^^ 

/aba W&IB.1S uJEjIalban. 



48 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, &c. 



8 New Burhngten Strutf Januarp ItUh, 

MR. BBNTUEY HAS JUST RBAOTr FOR POBUCAIION, 

THE FOLLOWING NEW WORKS. 



BIEMOIRS OF JOHN BANNISTER, COMEDIAN. 

By JOHN ADOIiPHUS, Eiq. 3 nil. 8ro. with Xllnitntioni. 



II. 



LEGEND AND ROMANCE, AFRICAN AND 

EUROPEAN. 

By RICHARD JOHNS. 3 toIi. port Sro. priea 34f . 



III. 



"HOW DO TOU LIKE OUR COUNTRY r 

OR, AN AUTUMN IN AMERICA. 
By CHARLES J. MATHEWS, Eiq. 1 rO. 9n. with Illaitntfaiii. 



IV. 



THE PRINCE AND THE PEDLAR. 

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WILD SCENES IN THE FOREST AND PRAIRIE. 

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3 rail, pat 8nx pflM Ste 

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By J. L. STKPUENS, Ek|. 
Aiitim or M laiuntt or TnTd IB llM Hirty Uoa* Kdoni. and Eopt* 
S ndh mMll Sra pries ISi. 

V. 

SIR B. L BllIiWER*S 
UU9T DAYS OF POMPBII," 

Prica Stat ShlOtagi. 
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S TCk Bn. vrith numaiaiii dntactcriiUc llliutratloia 
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vni. 

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Aooomrr or tks xxwohom or 



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A M* uid T(*lud *6lUaa, irllb AddltlMU. 1 *eli. S.o. «Ub 
Mip ud DsnanMU PIMW> pMM 



lit. 

OAVT. OOWOUT** JOTTIUraT to tte 
voitTK of nrsxA, OWIIUSII ft«m 
swouurs br wat orvBmsxA* 

N*w (dltloa, mlHd, viiii AddlUtM, e tbU. tn. »lib Ha|i 
ArraminlUi, at lb« Canntrln lita< h*n>tM Biglwd aad Uw 



RICHARD BENTLEV, NEW BURLINGTON STREET, 

PUBLISHER IN ORDINARY TO HER MAJESTY. 



PrlBMdb* JAMBK MOm.ar 
■■iii*Hl ~ ~ 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE; 

AND 



No. 1149. 



LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 26, 1839. 



BSTIBW or NEW BOOKS. 

7%§ Hf» ^Otofft lord Anton, Admiral 4^f 
tkt FUet, *t. &t. By Sir Jobn Barrow, 
Bart. F.ILS^uiUtor of the Life of Admiral 
LmdHowe." 8ni.pp.484. London, 1839. 
Alurray. 

Ah ■uthentie " Lifa of Lord Aiuoa " wu oer. 
tolnly ft nm] and national detidantun, not- 
witbitutdinf the publlniioa of pnceding me- 
noirt more intarMling trm theur tobjaet thui 
from any otli«r merit i and mdi a taik ooold 
not bava derolrad Into better lundi Into 
tliOM of Sir John Barroir, m long and Inti- 
mately eonnected with the concern* of our 
nary, and to well qtultfied by hit litaratore 
Md talenU to do Joetice to tne undertaking. 
AaA » Tery eieaUent biography of tbit dii- 
tingnbhed eeaman wo bare; thon^, itnage 
to lay, the author hae almoet MotrlTad to ipoil 
it— perhapi we should um the word aclipee It? 
TbU la done by a " SupplamenUl Chapter" on 
the State of the Nariet of Great Britain, France, 
Jtustla, America, &c, and on the Manning and 
Health of the Navy. So important i* this view 
at (be present epoch, that we feel assnred the 
lypeDdix vC alx^.foar pagea will change phMies 
with the main feature of the voA, end be read 
with ImmedUate end Iqfinite Interest, whilst die 
'* Life of Anem" may be left to more Usore 
DKNuents* 

Sir John Barrow tmly iHaki of himself as 

an old snvant of more wan thirty yean lu 

- - - . - Qjjj^j. 



ing of Lord Anton in comparison with Lord 
Howe, the aothor observes : — 

" The moral and physical character of these 
two officers was rery similar. The same per- 
simal qaaHtlee mod eoutltntloa of mind were 
oommon to each ; resolatlon, with undaunted 
courage, united with ^ieoce, perseverance, 
and indefatigable attention to their professional 
duties; modesty and diffidence were the cha- 
imcterietics irf both. Howe^ on one or two oc- 
oadons only, spoke io parliament — Anson 
new. Howe has been represented as silent 
as a rock ; Anson Is called, by the same writer, 
the silent son<in.Iaw of the chancellor. Howe 
was a ftmily man, and seldom appeared in so* 
dety ; Anson was sud to have been ' round 
the world, but never in it.' Howe's character 
was strongly marked by benevolence, humanity, 
and genarodty ; and Anton's was not less so. 
Both were firmly attached to the naval serrloe ; 
and it is so far remarkable that both should 
have had the opportunity of giving the first 
blow to the French navy, by each having 
n^ed the first victory in the two several wars. 
The comparison might be carried further; but 
in one respect there ^pears to be a great 
contrast— .the one wu food of writing, the 
ethw appears to have dihorrod It; and this 
leads me to speak of the materials I have col- 
lected fbr the memtdr of Anson. In the case 
of Lord Howe I had upwards of four hundred 
letters, all written by the noble earl to one 
Individoal, which proved a habit of writing ; 
but, nnfortunatdy, the rest of his correspimd. 



diil department** (the AdnHrally) » u 

tima dUferent administrations — whig and'ence had perished. In the ease of Anson I 
Tory;** and, as far as his official character is have between five and six hundred letters, 
concerned, of no political party, his " only 'none of them written by, but all of them ad- 
party bel^ the Navy;" and ft is very gra-; dressed to, the noble lonl, by a great variety of 
tifying to a lover of his coon try to find him correspondents, In and out of the profenion; 
ctwoing to such satisfactory conclusions as be all carefully bound up in three large volumes, 
doea on the momentous questions involved in 'alphabedcally arranged under the names of Uie 



this Inquiry. Li vindlcadon of his potitiona, 
8lr Jomi asnOi those whom he aeeuses of mis* 
r epres en ting the ** yavg at ntgUet$d and m 



writers, so as to afford an easy reference. 
From several of these letters It appears that 
Anson, unlike Howe, was as sparing vS hfs pen 



a frogrttnv* tlaie of decay " In his usual ' as of his tongue. Of whatever letters he may 
trenchant manner when he is much in earnest ; { have written, not purely offidal, few have been 
andh{stUttnteraAawitbfreportsays)AdmiraIjfound{ and I understand that those I have 
Hawker, to the present instance, reminds ns ; spoken of from his correspondents were scat- 
of his encounter with Admiral Ptttten nearly | tared about the boose, until collected by the 
**tUny TMn" ago in the "Quarterly Re-nol^ house-steward, Jenkins, who had been in 
view." As with tlie heroes in andent sepol- his younger days a boy under Lord Anson's 
ture, be seems delimited to find a bamto for 'cook, and who lived in the Anson family until 
famous admirals. But in all cases tha un. I his death, In 1824; and that these letters owe 
cbangeebleness of his feelings towards the ! their present oollccUve form to the care Mr. 
service, and the anxious »al he displays for its ' Upcott, a sentlemsn well known in the literary 
eiBdeney and honour, reflect high credit upon ! cirde for liIs valuable G<dleetion of curious ma. 
bfm, btrtb • pubUc ftincnoiiiry and an 'nnsoript^ which, for tbeb novelty and variety, 
Individoal Briton. fought to have a place in the BritiA Hoseom, 

Into the detims of this Important "chapter"; whose library Is certainly not overstocked with 
It Is moic fbr the political than the literary iHSS." 

press to enter; and we, therefore, dismiss It! AnsiHi was bo>n at Colwlch, Staffordshire, 
with so brief a noUoe, espedally as we observe I April 23d, 1697, and at a very early period of 
every newspaper is making It familiar to the life entered the navy, and rose to be a lieuten- 
pubhe, and cutting It right and left, as personal i ant at the age of eighteen or nineteen, 
resentments for partlei assailed with, po-haps. We cannot discover in tbe volume a mm 
too little ceremony, or politial policy, b^pen to, carious extract wherewith to acecmpany this 
dicute. ' P^pw than tbe following instmctiwis, signed 

Nor have we much to say respecting the: by the king, which (taith the author), ought 
memoir, the prindpal inddents recorded in to have been printed at the headoftbeautbsQ. 
wbkh— sndi as occurred in the voyage roond ' tic account cf the voyage, espedally as it was 
^worid— an alM generally known. Sperit-i »id by some that Auon bad exeeeoed bU In- 



structions In burning Payta, and by others that 
he had failed In tbe execution of part of them. 
They are here given from the originals in the 
Stele Puer OOoe, not bring found in the 
resorde of tbe Admiealty. 

(Signed) ' George R. 
* /nslrverions for our truttj/ and wU-belotnd 
George Anion, Eeq., Commander in Ch^f of 
our Ships deiiirned to be tent into the South 
Stat in Amerioa. Gtom of our Courf of SL 
JmmnU the Slsf dag tfJannarf, 1730.40, 
in lh$ thirteenth year ^our reign. 
*■ Whereas we have thought pnqier to dedare 
war against tbe King of Spain, for tbe several 
Injuries and indignities tmered to our crown 
and people, which are more particularly set 
forth in our declaratitm of war j and whereas, 
in pursuance thereof, we are determined to 
distress and annoy the said King of Spain and 
hisjubjects. In suw manner and in such places 
as can be done with tbe greatest prospect of 
success, and tha most to the advantage of our 
own subjects; we have thooght fit to direct 
that you, taklhg under command our ships 
haareafier mentioned, ris.;— the Centurion, 
the Argyle, the Severn, the Pearl, the Wager, 
and the Tryal sloop, abouM proceed with them 
according to the following instroerions. You 
are to recdve on board oar said ships five 
hundred of our land-forces, and to proceed 
forth to the Cape de Verde Islands, and to 
supply yoor ships with water and such refresh* 
meats as are to be procoied there; and yon 
ate from tbence to make the best of yonr way 
to the Idand of St. Cadierin^ on tbe cout of 
Braxil, or such other place on that ooast as yon 
may be advised is mora proper, where you 
an again to supply yoor ships with water and 
any other necessaries you may want that can 
be bad there. And wban you have so done, 
yon are to proceed with our ships under your 
command Into the South Sea, atlbar roond Cape 
Horn or throng the Straits of Magellan, as 
you shall judge most proper, and according as 
the season of the year, ami winds, and weather, 
shall beet permit. When yon shall arrive on 
the Spanish coast of the South Sea, you are to 
use your best endeavours so annoy and distrea 
the Spaniards, either at sea or land, to tbe 
utmost of your posrer, by taking, sinking,- 
burning, or otherwise destroying, alltheir ships 
and TSH^ that you shall meet with, and par- 
tioularly their twats, and all embarkations 
whatsoever, that they may not be able to send 
any intelligence by asa along the coast of yoor 
behig in those parts. In ease you shall find it 
pcaMoable to irin, ■wfriaa, or lake any of the 
towns or pbMSs bslonglng to the Spaniards 
oa tbe coast, that yoo may Judge worthy of 
making such an enterprise upon, you are to 
attempt it; for which purpose we have mC 
only ordered the land-forces above mentioned, 
but have also thought proper to direct that 'an 
additional nnnber of amall arms be put on 
board the ships under yonr command, to be 
used, as occasion may require, by the crews of 
th» said ships, or ouierwise, as yoo shall find 
most for our service. And you are, on such 
occasions, to take the Minion of the captains of 



50 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



Btuck or enterprla« by land, the commioder of 
our land-fwcw ■faBlI alM tw one ; which aald 
land-foron ahall, npou >uch oceuionaybe landed 
accordin; to the datenninstion of the laid 
coimcn of vrar '} and, when on ahora, shall be 
under the dIreotloD and condact of the com- 
mnnding <^eer of oar Und-forcea, anbjectt 
howerer, to be recallfld on board by any fature 
dflterninaUon of a floondl of war. And, aa it 
will be abidutely Moeaiary for yoa to be anp- 
pliod with pronslona and water when and 
where they can be bad^ yoa will infonn yourself 
of the placet where that can be moat conve* 
niently done ; and, aa we hare been tnfonned 
that the eoaat of Chili, and particularly the 
Iihmd of Chiloe, do abound witn proriaioaa and 
oeeeHariee of all iffirta, yoa ara to call than for 
that porpoae. Ai it haa been rapreaented unto 
tu tut the munber of native Indiana on the 
eoaat C9itU greatly exceeda that of the Spa- 
niarda, and ^t there b reaaon to believe that 
the laid Indfauui may not be averaa to join with 
yoa agalnat the Spaniarda, in order to reeoror 
their fraedem, yon are to endaaroor toooltirate 
a good andanludliu' with andL Lidlana ai 
riiall ba wlHIng to joui and aaalat you In any 
attempt that yoa may think proper to make 
agalnu die 8|mnlarda that are eati^liahedtbaara. 
Yoa are to eontlnne your voyage along the 
coast of Pern, and to get the beat Infbrmatioo 
you can whether there be any plaoe, before yoa 
•ome to Uma, that may be worthy yoor attm- 
tlon, ao aa 10 make It adviaaUa to atop at fti 
bat if there be no pbca where any conMderable 
advantage ean be expected, yoa are then to go 
aiong tu eoaat till you come to Calao, which ia 
the port of Uma, taking or deatroying all 
embu-katidna whataoarer that you ahall meet 
with. Aa HMm la vou ahall arrive at Calao 
ynn ahall conaldar whether it may be practical 
bis tb make an mtumpt upon that place 
or not t and If It ahall be jndged pracdcable 
by a ooonoll of war, to be. held for that 
purpose, with the strength yuo have with 
you, to make an attack upon that port, you 
are aooordtngly to do It i and If it ahall pleaae 
Ood to bless oar arms with aneesss, you are then 
to endeavoor to torn it to the best advantage 
poadUe flir oar aarvlea. And whereaa there Is 
some reason to believe, from ^vata intelHgena^ 
that the Spaniarda to the klwdom of Peru, aoi 
eapadally in that part of it wfalob Is near Uma, 
hare long had an lueHnation to revolt from their 
obedienoe to Uia King of Spain (on aeooont of 
the mat o^naaleiiaaadtyiaumaaKaraisadby 
the Ipaoiah Tiasffota aail govamom), in &*oor 
of some oooaldendiU paaaon amoogat thamaelras, 
you are, if yon sho^ And that Aan is any 
foaodatioa for thsae r^xnta, by all possible 
msons to «neoamge and assist sooh a darigv in 
Ae beat manner you ahall be able: and in ease 
ef any rerafaidoa or revolt from the obedienoe 
of die King of Spain, either amongM the Span- 
iards or the Indiaaa in those pacta, and trf^aay 
new govaranunt beli^ ereolad by tham, you are ' 
to inaiat upon die aanat advantagaoas ooaditioaa 
tor the eommeree of our anbjeou to be carried 
onwUhanehgwenuMU aotobeeractad; fori 
whkh w htefa ptupose yoa akall make proriaional 
agraanaotaf sabifisot to our future approbation 
and oonflmation. But, la case you should not 
think proper to attaok Calao, or shonld mianrry 
In any attempt yoa may make against that 
^aoe, yoo are than to pro ae ed to the nwthward 
aa far aa Panau; but, as thara are many 
plaoas aloog tlu aaaat iHiioh are oonsideraUe, 
and wbera the Spanish ahipe. In their passage 
be t ween Panaaaa and Uma, do usnaliy atop, it 
will be proper for you to Itfok into those plaeea, 
«od to annoy tka SpaniHrdi IbaM aa muw w it 



ahall be In your power. And, if yon shall meet 
ivith the Spaniah men-of-war that cafry the 
treasure from liima to Panama, you are to ta- 
deavonr to make voursdf matter of them. 
When you are arrived at Panama, you will 
prot»bty have an opprntunlty to take or destroy 
•nch ambaikationa aa you shall find there ; and, 
at the town itself ia represented not be very 
strong, yon art, if yoa shall think yoa have 
anfficiwit forn finr that porpoae, to make an 
attempt upon that town, and endeavour to take 
it, or bum and deatroy it, as yon ahall think 
most for our service. And, as you may possibly 
find an opportunity to send privately, overland, 
to Portobello or Datim, you are by Uiat means 
to endaavoar to transmit to any of oar thipe or 
forces that ahall be aa that ooast an aooount of 
what you have done or Intend to do. And, leat 
any sudi IntelUffenee shonld fall Into the hands 
of the Spaniards, we have ordered you to be 
fumiahed with a cipher, in which manner only 
you are to correspond with our admiral or«the 
commaoder4n<dtief (tf any of oar ships that may 
ba In the nvthemaeaa of America, or the com- 
mander.in-ehiefofour land forces. As we have 
determined to send « large body of troops from 
henoo as early aa possible in the spring, to make 
a desoeat on some part of the Spanish West 
Indies ; and u we thall have a very consider- 
able fleet in those seas, in case it should be 
thought proper that any part of those shipa or 
troops alualo go to Portobello or Oarien WiUi a 
de^gfi to stM the said troopa overhod to 
Panama or Santa Maria, you are than to make 
the best diapositlon to assist them by all the 
means that you shall be able in making a secure 
settlement, either at Panama or any other plaoe 
that shall be thought proper ; and you are, in 
auch case, to supply tb«n with cannon from the 
ships under your oonunand (if necessary), or 
with anv thing else that can be spared wiuiout 
too mucn weakening the squadron ; and if the 
land-forces on board our said ships should be 
wanted to reinforce tliose that may come over- 
land to the coast of the South Sea, you mav 
cause them to go on shore for thatparpoae, with 
the aoprobation of the proper dBcers. When 
you shall have proceeded thua far, it mnst, in a 
great measore, be left to your discretion, and 
that of a council of war (when, upon any diffi- 
culty you ahall think fit to call them together), 
to consider whether you shall go further to the 
northward, or rooMln longer at Panama, in case 
the ^aoe shoold have bem taken by oorfitroes, 
or you can any way hear that any a oar Eones 
may be expected oa that aide from the nordi 
side. But yoo wUl always take particular care 
to consider of a proper pUce for eareening 
the ships, and for aupplying them with provi. 
siona either for their voyage homeward or for 
their ooDtinalug l<ager atoMd. In case you 
ahall be so happy aa to meet with sucoesa, yon 
shall take the fiitt opportnaity, by sending a 
ship on purpose, or othcrwiae, to acquaint as 
wiUi it, and wltib every partienhr that may be 
neoetaary for us to be ioflnmed of, that we may 
take the proper measures thereupon. If you 
shall find do occaaion for your ataying longer In 
those seas, and shall jodge it best to go to the 
northward aa far as Acapulco, or to look out for 
the Ao^uloo ahlpi, whktt sails from that place 
for Manilla at a certain time of the year, and 
genmlly returns at a oertain time kIm, you 
may pomibly, in that case, think it moat advis- 
able to return home by the way of China, whidi 
yon are hereby aothoriaed to do, or to return 
home by Cape Horn, u you ahaU think best for 
oar ssrvioo, and fbr the praaarraiion of the ships 
and the men oa board them. Wbenavor yon 
abidljudga it MoeiBary fir QurservioB to retain 



with our squadron to England, you may, if yoo 
shall think it proper, leave one or two of our 
ahips in the Sbuth Sea for the aecurity of any of 
the actpiiaitions you may have betoi able to 
make, or for the protection of the trade which 
any of our subjects may be carrying on In those 
parts.* " 

Among the few snnrlvors of the expedition, 
*< it is remarkidile enough that one of the sea- 
men, by name George Oregory, lived to the 
age of 109 years, having died at Kingston the 
19th February, 1B04, mthout having known a 
day^ illneu since he went to sea in 1714." 



Horaee Vtmen i or, L\f« in the WnU S vols. 

I3mo. London, 1838. Colbom. 
This is a very clever botA, and written by a 
man who mnst have seen a good deal of sodety. 
Whether it come witliln the pale of Utoalun^ 
we will not say, but will rather tell our readers 
what it is. It is a novel of the genua of 
Almacks and others of the same kidney, in «rhich 
well-known living eliaractem, and some hardly 
lest known clrcumstancea, are displayed in so 
plain a way, that few per^te can mistake their 
application. Thus, a very notorioua demirep, 
nnder the name of MiLtoune, with a deserted 
daughter, Mary Graham (the issue of a noble 
amour....see police reports a few yearn ago), are 
the principal femalei, whilst Lord Palmerston. 
Lord Alvanley, Lord Lowther, Lord Banelagh, 
the lato and present Dukes of Buckin^uuB, 
Lord de Rooa, Colonel L^ Sunhope, and many 
other persona of rank and faahion, are shewn 
up with impartial malice. A mined banker, 
who keepa such company t a villanotu attorney, 
who, like too many of bis brethren, ditgraoea 
the profession by preiing on all who can be made 
his victinu t tworagabond retainers of the lowest 
stuff ; a retired mUBoruAn jeweller and Ills 
family, together with tbdr atsodates at Ef ham, 
fill op the rest of the dramati* pervma^ If suoh 
publications were allowable, we should be obliged 
to say dutt this is one of the best writun we 
have seen, and one ihewtng more acute obter- 
vatitm and talent than, in our opinion, ought 
to have been so misemployed. It is a scandal 
to the press ; and we avoid every portl<m of 
Its bitter portraiture and allutioDs to matteit 
which ditfraco human nature. Yet,infaimau 
to the anuior, we qoota a speiUmeii of fcb worii* 
manshipt_ 

Four gentleman were seated in the retpeot* 
able parlour of the King's Head as the ceauited 
frienda eotwad, who began to look upon tbe 
new comers, and then at each o^r, with that 
sort of rileot speeulaUve expression which im- 
plies a doubt whether strangers are permitted 
entrance t the awkward drcumitanoe of a pub- 
lic room not being a private one Keaaoual)ly oc- 
corring to memory, and preveiitiug anyatulible 
maoifeatatlan of di^eaaiire. During the pause 
Aat followed, and while the waiter wu em- 

f loved in procuring their * cold without,* Jef- 
ria and his compuion bad full leisure to coo- 
template the personal poinu of the fottr taciturn 
aentlemen. The most impoaing of these was 
Mr. Grayling, a retired dty fishmonger, re- 
puted wealthy, and living in the immediate 
netghboorhood. He was seated iu a couspicu* 
ous part of the room, in an arm-chair, made 
purposely for him, lest his inordinate weight 
should cause its more fragile bretbreu to crash 
like reeds Iwneath its intolerable preuure. A 
benevolent expreasion pervaded tliat small por. 
tion of the centre of his face in which hia 
features might be said to be comprised — all the 
rest cmsistiog of two vary inuneose cheeks, and 
three or fbnr chins. He^ros busily eiftaged in 



JOURNAL OP THE BELLES LETTRES. 



61 



oUigntioov-Cor he kept kU tffa eooituitlir fiud 
Ufoa Uu hnrl of hia pipe, mi at intflrr^i alowly 
protruded kie •liort.locddng ktiHi aod, with » 
nncjful lohMWMtopper, liwt the weed in » 
■UM of proper aohereooe, Veeriy oppoiite to 
hin uul erect h Ue own principle^ ut Ur. 
CtereadeoE, s priratt fentleoun at us neigh* 
bsnrheod. EntiaaNi it ii uid, lemetiaMi 
»eett wd in tbli iutuee they had donee*; 
for eertaiuly never were two iDtUnete Meads, 
the one 10 On, end the other w lew, u Ur. 
Omylfa^ end Mr. CUraodeux. Thia letter 
gentteBuui wu habited la gray pentalooni and 
Ma«d( gaitara, wore a blue coat bottmad eloae up 
tohiaohin, and rejoiced In a altnU of eneh utter 
deeertian of hair, and amoothnew of nxfiioa, u 
to oouTay the idea of iti being ptdiihed by the 
hooMmaid every morning with the (omltnre. 
In public oompany. Ur. Clareneieus deli|dited 
tn eablUt hie aequaintane* with the ' Red Bodt' 
and Burhe'a * Peerafo i' and » private eoaree of 
mtifioattoD to him wa< the convioUon that ho 
on* a Qooaidenble reaemblanoe to £arl Oray, 
wlneo eoBtaaraad anpraiahHi he aednlouily atn> 
died, aad eowtaltwd to menory and praodoe, 
M portralu of that nobleiMn nioceerivdy made 
ihdr appearance In the print diope. Theother 
two fentlemen, who eat, eo Co neak, * Amk 
by jowl,' ware partnen, Ueaaia. Uottram aad 
SnifglM, the •orveyon, both re ii dw at Ef 
hwn, in the fame wdMi InHpenbl* eomp*. 
■lone and boeom frienda. The fmaar of thew 
WM a penon of the middle ^le, aud ahoat the 
averafo elreunCiroiioe. He had ooarae light 
hair parted In the middle, aad bron^t round 
on either aide into a atlff our], not unlike a 
email ram'a bom t and a Ihoa reminding you of 
111* riaeg* of the king of hearta, mm eape> 
ciallf when lie owner turned hia eyea le^ng^y 
tmrarde hit bfoariona partner. Ai for Uc 
■alggUi, he wee one of those minute persons 
who are said to be compelled to empby a etool 
whan they would look over the fender t with a 
head aeaiwy bigger than that of a sparrow, 
aad legs which, whan ektthed in whiu galteia, 
sanpaeted tobaeoe-pipes. Whether It wu that 
due gantlaman aoMtontljr won a green eoat, er 
lhaft Ue nnvairing vlvaeity Inntad nah an 
mlicatien, we know noit but amoogat hia fa- 
miliar aeqnisintance ho was known by the gvfim 
and title of ' Oraahopper BnlglM'' ** 

Another clever sketch I*- 

** Ur. Hopvood (the retired JeweUer] wm 
the Bioat ngnlar man ef hminam passible; he 
had an aeaowt a^aei every hen aad everr 
pig In hie establiahment. The aeoonnt of eaut 
individual was duly diarged with the barley 
ajul bariey<meal ooaanmed t aad eadi hen had 
credit allowed.for eggs laid, and each at 
hie demise, was created with his pork, when 
the balance of profit or kee was duly aaeer- 
tained. No fresh apples ever found thalr way 
to Mr. H^woed's tablewBot from any apirit 
of pa r a i mony, but nemly from the pore apirit 
of busiaeas. When the apples were gathmd, 
they were always ^read in a room for the 
pnntoae, and when any wan wanted for do- 
mestif purposes, those that were Agoing* wtn 
always first s sieete d . The aaaa* ^tam was 
adopted with the agp. They wera always 
merited wttih the data of the dav an which 
they were Ud, and the meat andent of data 
were always used first. These accounts, with 
oeoasionally a trip to town, to arrange Us nn< 
neroaa money transacti o oa, formed Ur. Hop* 
wood'a oconpations. But these, though in liia 
Manion highly naceiaary.were m«r« meirimnloal 
mire, and auhordinate, compared with du 
atai bighv oMeois of bis huaraet and ambiiioa 
..the adncttua of hii davghtar, and thaag- 



Kandisement of his family. The Utter had 
en the principal lubjeot of his thou^ta for 
many a day; but, since his interview with 
liord Walgrave, it had a a au med something like 
a distinctness, whilst formerly the idea had 
merely flitted, as it were, over his dreaming 
fancy. But new the supposition was no hmger 
^ry and tinnal; liord Welgrava had pro- 
BO(ineedilpaadbla^wnr,evea pMhaUe; ai^ 
the man of hoainass eonndently hxdud forward 
to the aocompliahmant ef hia hopee with an 
earaeatnass which never flagged. Something 
whispered to him that them glittering ezpeou- 
tlone were to be realised thiwigh the medium 
of Lord Walgrave ; but In what manner, he 
hardly dared suggest to biaasdf. And then, 
ag^, when he lookod, with truly parenul 

C" Ik oa his danghtar, and thought of her 
ty, th* extreme innoeenoe of her cha- 
racter, the reeolt of that syitem in .which he 
had so sorupuloualy brought her up, some 
vague notion orossed hb mtod, that she might, 
by a nlendld alliance, elevate her family to 
the poMtion, the daily cDntenqlatlon of which, 
evan efhr cv, had heeoma a posithra iieeiasity 
to him." 
This h>rd doH pay his visit, and 
" WIthasort of mindnc Stop, and with many 
a probond curtsey, did Ure. Hopwood enter 
the presence. She had been some law minutm 
In her diamhar, as we belsra obewred, for the 
purpose (rfadonmant I but andh had been her 
haste, that she had hardly ^e to do jUatloe to 
her taste. She determined, however, to cover 
ell dcfldenciea in atyle by twofuaion of oma- 
mant, and, afur having touoied her dieek with 
the slimiest poaaible tint of the ' hare'*</oot ' 
(far aheeka wul fade with yaata), aha pinned a 
Doneh of Bowers hm, and another there, till 
her head resembled a huge bouquet, when no- 
fortunately, aa ahe was alwut to give the finish- 
ing touch, she heard her hutbMid's excited 
vtuoe to Susan ; enatdiing, therefore, a bunch 
of ful]-l>k>wn roses, she pinned them hurriedly 
in their plaoa, and casting bat too oursorr a 
glance, the general eSect s eemed so nndenlaUe, 
that Aa msiiad down etaira, faarful of driving 
her hnsband to despair, by her oondnuad 
absence. Lord Wal^re rose to receive har, 
and takiag her hand, led her to -a seat. * I 
need not say how happy I am to make the 
aaqualntance of the wifo ef mv most estimable 
friend, Hopwood,' commeaoed the nobleman ; 
bnt, befhrt he conM praaaed, he waa aelaed 
with Baah a it of eeo^ing Alt ha was fofeed 
toreenme his aaat on the eafo,aiid aover Us 
foce with his haadkerohlef. The foet waa, 
that though Lord Walgrave was a man of 
fashion, anid coasaquantly had Ida feelings and 
eouataaanee under great control, yet there 
soraethnes ooonr such aiforeaeen, sooh sudden 
attaclu upon our riaible muaalea, that even the 
well.trained habits of a man of society, find it 
imposiiUe to resUt them. Unfmtunately, as 
Un. Hopwood took her seat, the eyes of Lord 
Walgrave eaaae upon a level with her heed- 
dress, and there, erect, amidst a profotton of 
roam and geraniums, stood tha identical 
^hare'sJbot' which bad created the bloom 
npon her chedc, and iriiidh, having baeomo en* 
tangled amongrt the wirea «f the uat bondi of 
rases, was with thssn transforred to itt present 
unludty peeit lon , producing, it most be eon- 
fessed, a most extraordinary and etartllng ef> 
feet. ' I>ear me ! deer me I what a cold your 
fordship hae taken,* said Hopwood, agiuted 
bevond nuaanrek and fitotting alwat with tbe 
poker in his hand ; * liua nwn is so cold, I'm 
afMd your lovdahln M. wwag in Mmoving 
frM9«h*ir*»'H4Mnl»««ptM <bt forttfi 



upon tlie biasing contents of the gtate, * X 
■bould never forgive myself if I thought-..' 

* Now do not disturb yourteU^ Hopwood,* 
interposed Lord Walgrave, Bumcwbat recover- 
ing from ^e effects of hb aiirftrlae, but not 
daring to turn hli eyes in the dircotlon of the 
ladv of the house ; ' I must have taken a 
little oold ooming down, bat it will pass.* 
' Will yon let me get you a little broth, my 
lord?* askad Ur«. Hopwood, ' a little broth 
with enne diopped parsley in it —chopped 
parsley is a most excellent tfaiug for a cold.'. 

* No, my dear madam, tbtnk you, It may 
pau off direoly; I em subject-^' but here bis 
lordship's cou^ again became so violent, that 
he was oUiged to teke nfifge In the foldj of 
his handketxliief. * Do, my dear, pray fetdi 
the ooagfa.drope wa take In treade,* aaid Hop- 
wood ; ' what can we do ? If your brdthlp 
would hut come a little nearer the fire and 
the more his lordship coughed, tbe more did 
Ur. Hopwood stir tbe fire, and the more did 
Urs. Hopwood, in her anxiety to aid hia lord- 
ship, panda benwo his vision the apparition of 
the * iiare*s foot,' which wu the exciting cause 
of the miodklef. At length his brdslilp'a 
peraxynaa were dieeked by the tqiportune 
arrivd! of Oewgina, who advanced just within 
the door, half tintidly, yet without the allghteat 
approach to awkwardneu, and bowing grace- 
rally to Lord Walgrave, went to har nmtlier. 

* Ah t OoM-glna my love, yun are eome at 
laati let me present you to Lord Walgrave i* 
said her father. * Really I ' said Lord Wal- 
grave, rising, ' and Is this young Udv your 
daughter, Hopwood * Our only dilld, my 
lord,* answered the proud parent. * Then, 
indeed, I may say sincerely, that I congratolaie 
you npon yoor good fortune, in calling so very 
charming a fonag lady your own,* said Lord 
Walgrave, advandng towards her in his usually 
graceful manner, to offer bli hand. Oeorgiiia, 
before stie received or acknowledged the com- 
pliment of hia lordship, had detected the 
anomaly of her mother's head.dreu, and with 
a rapid and almost Imperceptible movement 
transferred it from its singnlar position to tbe 
fire t white Ura. Hopwood, thinking she had 
only arranged a stray flower, amiled her 
mrobaUon." 

It is to be regretted that one lAna could 
obaorve ao aoutoly, and paint eo weU, dioald 
have adi^ted ao objectionable a course. 



Th* Curt(,$UU» ^ Mtdiemt fjprriMee. By 
J. O. MlUiagan, U.0. U.A. ftc Resident 
Physician to the County at Hlddleeex Pau- 
per Lunatic Asylum. 8ro. pp.S66. Second 
Edition. Londm, 1839. Bootley. 
UXDICIVC In sport made instruction in 
sarasst, has obtained for this curious work the 
deserved honours of a second edition ; uid the 

fiubliaher bee. In our. <^lnIon, jndidoualy oast 
t into a dngle vdnme. with all its augments 
tions. Hanng gone at large into the old mat- 
ter when It first appeared, we shall now con- 
fine our remarks to a portion of tbe new. On 
the prindpal subject, tbe author observes most 
truly in his preface, as an answer to the objeo- 
tfons, that he bad, perhaps, lent too easy 
credeisee to sooae of the strange etoriee be 
retatea.1* 

" Noiwithiinidlng oar boasted progrem In 
sdentlflo pnnalts, and our supposed appmaeh 
to perfealloa, there never perhaps was ft period. 



• Not, be It ranaikad, u IflwlMU^ la thm. but 
■ to *Mr Uw fUlMT ej*ST>f MtpwhMj. a»J 

" ""-^'^ — 1 ttHOtlM 




52 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



■Ince tha fandfnl ity* ^ Paraceltui, Agrippk, 
and Vsn Ualmont, wh«D mora deoritFiil md 
fascinating revoriea were indulged in than at 
the present enliphttntd moment, nor more 
ingennity and disingeDuoiiniesi displayed in 
seeking to glra tmbitann to a ¥iaIao or onr- 
throwing its baseless &brie. It Is paliifut to 
be obliged to admonish the wonld-be Irgfslatort 
of our belief, in the words of the sceptical 
Bolingbrolie ^* Folly and knavery bare pre- 
vailed most where they ahonld be tolerated tlie 
least, and presumption has been ezcased most 
where diffidence and candour are on nany 
accounts the most necessary. 

' Quatepn tiK*rum Uaw tab laca mallgu 

KU lur Id iU*lt.' - 

Can we cast oar eyes round IjondoD at the 
present moment, and doubt the truth of this, 
when children's oauls are advertised as a pro> 
tectioa against drowning, when quackery 
flouriabea in every branch of nudieine, vaa 
when Homonpathy nnd Uesmeriam are the 
leading or misleading wonders of the age ? 

But, taming from this general topic, we will 
confine ourselves to one of the added chapters 
in this edition, upon a subject upon which some 
of our readers will reiaember we made a very 
■trenuous and decided stand, when Dr. Hagan- 
dle*s Experfmenu on living Animals "wers 
much discussed by the public. We rejoice to 
find so able an ally to tha cause we espoused, 
as Dr. Alilllogenhereproves himself tobe ; and 
wer^oiee the mora to find him so warm a friend 
to humanity, because he is at tha head of an 
•staUiahraent wbaro humanity ia m assantlal to 
the wdt-bdog of a large number of our fdlow- 
craatnree. The merdful man is merciful to 
his beast " aaya tha ani4ent adage ; and wa may 
fittrlv aasume that the physldan who feels so 
much ibr tha animal creation, will carry still 
warmer sympathies into those abodes of ruined 
reason and prostrate powers, where hnndreds of 
helpless men and WMsen put forth the strongest 
elaims which unhappinesscan advance to all the 
care and kindness which skill and pliilanthn^y 
can admlntattrlo alleviate th^r grievous suffer. 
ings. But to our immediate point. After 
specifying the gronnda taken up in defence of 
the cruel medical ezperimenu upon aninuls, 
Dr. M. says t~ 

" It is painful to aMsrt it, but all these 
allegnttoiul eonsidflr at not only unsupported 
by faots and esperloMt, bat grounded on specu- 
latlve sophistry; for, in ttptri to the injuries 
which animals in their wild condition may 
iofiict upon each other, they may be the result 
of tha wise provisions of the Creatw, wIUi 
vhldi man, however ^wumptuoas he ho, bu 
nothing to dot and «van were It in his power to 
diedt their furious and destractivapnmensities. 
It is more than likely, from what we Aiily wit- 
ness, that lie would turn them to a profiuble 
or a pleasurable acoounC, as most probably the 
wgbt of a oon^t between a wild elephant and 
a rhinocerM (provided the spectators were 
perfectly seonre), would attract a greater 
mulUtude, and draw more money, than a 
dog-fight or a bull-bait— a tiger-hunt, were 
it not attended with some personal danger 
which requires courage, would prove mure 
delectable than the pursuit of a timid 
hare. But I now come to a much more 
important consideration — tlie benefit to man. 
kind diat has occurred, or that may be de- 
rive^ from sneh experiments. Ana here I 
most give as my most decided opinion, that if 
any auoh beneficial results did arise from the 
inqoMai, they were not commoisurata widi 
tht terbarityorihe •^oriaiatla; nay, X abtll 



endeovonr to shew, that they are frequently 
more Ukely to decnve us, by propping up fal- 
ladoui and tottering theories, than to sbed any 
valuable light on tha subject of investigation. 
1 readily admit Uiat there does exist much 
analogy 'in Ui« atruaure of nan and Mctain 
animals in the higher grades of the ereatira ; 
that the fonctioDS of respiration, digestion, ah. 
aorptiim, locomotion, are to a certain extent 
similar, and that experimanta made to ascertain 
the mechanism of uiese functions (if I may so 
express myself) may tend, in some measure, to 
teach us that whidi the Inanimate corpee of 
man cannot exhibit ; but, admitting to the full 
extent of argiimentatioa the analogy of these 
functions, I do malntun that the phenomena 
of life differ widely between man and animals, 
and tha very nervous influeitoes which we seek 
to disoovar are, in lifie, itf a nature totally dif- 
ferent. Were it not so, would the senses of 
different animalu, rendend more or leas acuta 
or obtnse aeeovding to their natural pnrtults 
and protective habits, be so matarially unequal ? 
Indmd, the laws of nature that submit every 
creature to the immuuble will of Providence 
are totdly unlike ; and each apparatus of life 
in divers beings teems to be espedally calco. 
latfld for tbe identical race : what is poison to 
the one U an allmaot to aootherj and the vivid 
llglit whieh the oyca of one creature can bear, 
would pcoduoa Uindness in another; the same 
effluvia, which ao9 animal would not notice, 
would guide another over trackless wastes in 
search of friend or foe. I, therefore, nwintain, 
that the mere material axamiBaUoo «f the living 



pridced, cut, aeparated from their surrounding 
vflsieb and nerves, incre a sed our means of 
lieving the dynq^ of the sensualist, the 
surfeit of the glntton, or the nausea of the 
dissolute P Ob the other hand, the pn, the 
ardent aplrlta In whloh ^bm dmidcanl wiUowt, 
would aaon destroy what we think proper to 
call a Iwute! In aiany animals, moreover, 
there is a tenacity of life— highlv convenient 
to the phytidogist, since it onablas him to 
prolong his experimental cruelties— which man 
doaa not poseatt; and we find the eleotric fluid 
acting moch longer upon their mnseles, even 
after death, tiiaa on a hnaun body or Its 
severed limbs. Another point to be considered 
ii the assertion of the advantages to be derived 
fmn contemplating the living visoera In a 
healthy state. Oood Ood I a healthy state ?— 
wliat a modcery, what a perversion of language t 
Behold the dog, stolen from his master — the 
poor animal hungry, chained up for days and 
nl^la pining for his loet master. Is led to the 
butdia^. Still he looks up for compassion to 
man, his natural protootor, licks the very hand 
that grasps him until his feeble limbs are lashed 
to the tabU I In vain ha struggles — in niu he 
expresses his sufferings and his fears in piteoaa 
howls: a muxde ia bucklod on to stifle bis 
frouUesome eriea, and Ut eonceotrated gmaDa 
heave his agonised breaat in convnlsiva ttroes, 
until the scalpel Is plunged in his belpless ex* 
tended body I Hit blood flows in torrenta, hft 
very heart ia exposed to the torturer's searching 
hand, and nerves whioh experienee anguish 
from a mero breath of air, are lacerated with 



o^ans of animals can no more tend to illustrate ; mer cU ei li D g e mii t y an d thli fa a healthy state ! 
their vital principle, than the kaanest ana- 1 The vieoera enoaed to atnuNpharie Influenee 



tomical labours can enable us to attain a know- 
ledge of Uie nature of our immortal and im- 
perishable parts. I shall enter itill more mi- 
nutely into this subject. lu the barbarous 



are already panued, and have loat their natural 
colour, and not a ^ogle function is performed 
in normal r^ularity. One only effort Is natu- 
ral until vital power it exhausted — a vain 



experiments to which I allude, aoimab bearing ■ instinctive reststanoe against his butcbera I 
the strongest reaemblaooe to man (at least in i Tha heart sickens at such scenes, wiien cruelty, 
their conformation, for Heaven, in iu mercy, [ that would bid deflance to the savage's viodiot- 
did not gift them with what we .call mind) are ; Ivt barbarity, taorificoa thousands of harmleie 



utually tdeeled amongst sudi as possess a heart 
with four cavities and double lungs. The dog, 
the natural companion of man, his most faith- 
ful friend in wmI and wo, the guardian of his 
conch and property, the protector of his* in- 
fants, the only mourner o'er the pauper's 
gravel— 4ogt are in graeial tdeeted fiv tbe 
•dentlfie shamMati and tiili for obvloui 



beluga at the thrine of vanity. For let the 
matter not be mistaken, t htte experiments aro 
mostiy made to give an appearance of variiiml. 
litude to the most absurd and visionary doc- 
trines ; and If a proof ware required of tbla 
aasertioD, It can be aaaily obtained by reading 
the worka orvarioat pbytiolti^tte at diflWeat 
periods, who all draw different deduotions from 



tout,— .theyaremoreeasilyprocured,andata;stmilar fiaett. Vac nhm the nlnd laboura 
dieaper rate; moreover, tuy are more ma- 1 under a certain impress km, or a repntation ia 
nagnble and unresisting under the mangling founded npon the support of a doctrine, these 



aoalpd. Well, thousands of these creatures 
have been starved to death with batter, sugar, 
and oil, to prove that they must die iu all tbe 
agpavated pangs of hanger, panga produdog 
niMrated eyes, bllndnaas, staggers, pardied up 
organs, unless their food oootains asote. Will 
any one maintain that a similar nouritfamant 
would produce dntUar effeou on man ? Cer- 
tainly not. The one was created by nature to 
consume animal substances highly asotiied; 
tha other, from the transition of life to which 
ho is bom to be expoeedf it ettentially poly, 
phagoat. Then, again, millions of anunus 
have had thdr bones broken, scraped, bruited 
in every possible manner, to discover the pro- 
cess of the formation of bone, called OtMo^my; 
has a single fracture of a human limb been 
more rapidly consolidated by these experiments, 
which fill hundreds of pages in the works of 
Dnharod, Haller, Scarpa, and other physio- 



facts are dittorted with Procrustean skill to suit 
tha views of the expert men talist. Let ot, for in. 
stanot^ oonsidar the subject ofdlge tti e n , to atear. 
tain the nature of wfaieb, ihootaodt—miUiont of 
anlmalt have been rippedupaltve. Thit^aetiee 
hat been attributed to oootifla, to elixation, to 
fermentation, to putreCaotion, to trituration, to 
maceration, to diasdutioo, and to many other 
shades and shadows td timilar theories t and 
were additional millions of living victims sacri- 
ficed in farther adeotifie hecatombs, posterity 
may deem our preeant Tain^oious physido. 
gists M ignorant of the matter at they might 
oonsidar their nomeront predecessors in thi* 
tame career of grtqilng oorioaity. Has the cruel 
extraction of the spleen from a thousand dogs, 
to shew that they could live without that vis- 
cous, explained the nature of iu functions, or 
enatjed ua more succaaafnlly to control ita ob. 
stiuato diseases? We know nothing of the 



logins f Animals will dig«t subttanoet that i pbeooiDeaa of life ; all our funetiooe aro regu- 
would kill a human bdng ; have the experl- 1 Uted by an all-wise Power tiiat tett at naugh t 
maota Inwhidi thdr paluutlag ttonndi and huraan pFnW>UlMffl7-V'4C^if^)F9WPi"**'7' 
latettiite htcn \ma ton ihun than, hoeratcdj | caiied 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTUES 



53 



or a ciide, in wbidi we could not dlsoimr the 
eommeBeemsiit m ibe ead. • • * 

fiiie,whenerflr it ia not eridest that sodi 
pHMXica on benefit mankind aad increese our 
■wHi of reductiig the totn of hnnuui miaerr— 
h b m hariMTOOB and oiiaiiMl abnae of that 
powv wfaidi the Creator hta given m ever the 
lafcrior gradea of aaioMtted beinga ; and It ia 
ii ipl y to be lamented that no legiiUUre mea* 
•ufca can be adojpted to reatrain it, if it tannot 
he altogetber prtdiibited. At any rate, profet- 
•oca al«M aboold be allowed the * indolgtBOe,* 
hat in BO taatanea ahonU udi |iaeado«:fenttAB 
praedcea beooaae a pubUe exhlUtlon or a itu- 
dcat*e pastime. Bnm^top in early llfe^ amidst 
all the oompUoated liorron of a rerolatlini, I 
have been sadly convioead that the emtagion of 
crudlv is mneh more donbtlan and actira than 
thatof pesdlenee!" 

Eanwatly do we trost that these nnanawar* 
able argoments, deduced from the knowledge 
and experiuiee of an able phyih^, with the 
practice of fourteen Pminsular battlaa on his 
nuod, will have their due weight with the pro- 
foaioo ; and sure we are that the feelings of all 
the rest of mankind will flow in cordial uuison 
wHh them. 



C fwa ft Bwe ; a Stqiul to CtUndg^a " ChrUta. 
Ml"* wiA tthtr Patm. Br U. F. Tupper, 
Ea^. M^., author of ''Proverbial FbUMo. 
phy.*> ISma pp. SI7. London, 1B38. 
Rkkerby. 

Wk regret that the anthw slionld have sob- 
jeeted Umsdf to a comparison by the side of 
Coleridge, and that, too, on « subject in whidi . 
there can but be one opiuion, for none bat die 
**idd man elnqnent"ever coold have completed 
*'Christabel." May, even he himself feaied to 
pot a Soishlng hand to his work ; like a mighty 
magician he had conjured up a dim and en- 
chuited landscape, enveloping many of Its 
beauties in mitt, and leaving the imagination 
to make ost ila fair proportions. 

*• A thini to drsun not to tcB,"— 

it ia the wendroas work of 

*' A liiiglDg mison building toot* of gold]" 

tad in audi a manner that a life might almost 
be wasted in studying its myaterioua arcbitec 
tare; bat ''aoc afawdaji,** nor evoo yaars, 
aoold add a tortet to It In the same wlU and 
hi^nlar style, to be in keeping with its grand 
and ao^ematural order. It is a beauty and 
a laystery," and as sodi we would ever wish to 
■K it remain. Passing, then, altogether by 
Gm rnW m t (which, after all, is a clever prodnc- 
4m), tha vmima will ha found to oontain eevaral 
paams of conalderabia meriti aomo of them, 
in iaad, not unworthy <rf the band of the great 
nasier, for a share or whose laoreb Hfk Tapper 
haa ae daringly ventored to step up as a 
eoBpetitm-. 

Several of the sonnets, in particular, are 
taoellRit, althongh we cannot call to mind 
■any Inatancai of the author's addresung them 
10 tba^ own worlca after the manner of the 
three pat forth on liis own **■ ProverUal Philo- 
sophy." It may not be intended, bat it oarriei 
the H>ok of a conceded puff about it; aad the 
work possessed too many beauties to need any 
thing of the kind. In almost every page we 
find evidence of (craat powera of thought and 
bca«y of e ^ ra iai an, occasioaally, Iwwevwr, 
mani by what to ns appears ne^eet, as if the 
ce mp e al tfon had bemi hurried along hastily, and 
withoat having that attention bestowed upon it 
which it deasrvad. We give the fi^lowiug little 
poan oanylM I tlMit it a ij^t fiNliflg ibont i(> 



Ah, might I but escape to lome iwest tpot, 

Ouli of mj hopei, to finer dear. 
Where ninl vhrtiMt are not yvt forgot. 

And good otd matomi crowo tb« diclinc jtia 1 
Wlun still contoited pcannls love their lot. 

And inde^ vtle din omaid* not natun^i «r, 
BathospttsMe beartlia, and walootnaa wam. 
To OMuitrf «uist add thrir sodal disnn I 
Sane imlUBf bay at CamMa** heppr ibore, 

A wooded UBgle on a mouBtaiD^dei 
mthfn the dbtant lomd of ocean'* tosr. 

And looking down on vsller lUr sod wide. 
Nigh to the village churdi, to plaaae me mon 

Than *ut eathedialf tn tbelt Oothk pride, 
AndUett with ploua paitor, who baa trod 
HlmatftbawsT, andlMdi hli flock toOod^ 

• Thus would 1 dwril, tin I ddlght thntfn I' 

Par ftom the evil waitof erllmcn. 
Untainted bjr the loil of othm' tin, 

M T own repented of, and dean again : 
With health and plenty crown'd. and peace withini 

Choice booki, end gulltiesi pleararea of the pen. 
And mountaln-nmbiM with a wricome (tlcod. 
And dear daraai tic Jon that nem sad. 

There, from Uw flowery meed, orihin^ed ihorar 

To cuU the gem* that bounteooi nsture gave. 
From the rent mountain pick the lirllUant ore. 

Or feek the cnriouB cmtel h) Its cave t 
And learning natun^a UuUr to sdocei 

KnownioreoTHim who came the lost to *ave; 
Drbik deep the pleaiure* coMemplatton fivce, 
And Icam u love the meencat thlnf that lives. 
NoenvbMuwittamr Mlowiioauel, . 

No sordid, money-fettingcarv be mine; 
No low ambition In high state to dwell. 

Nor meanly grand among the poor to fbbte : 
But, iwost benevolence, njgale me well 

With (hose cheep pleaiure* and llghlcaica of Iblnc, 
And meek-eyed piety, be always near, 
With cafan content, aad gratitude sincere. 
Remicd fitom dtlts. and fbnnslc strlie. 

And walking well with Ood in nature's ere. 
Blest with bir children, and a faithful wlft, 

Love at ny board, and frlendthlp dwelling nigh, 
Ob, thtt* to wear away my usefiil Ufa. 

And, when I'm called ia rapturous hope to die. 
Thus to rob heai'n of all the good I can. 
And challenge earth to shew a nan>iCT man r 

In conc1tufon,the author has our best wishes ; 
we are certain ^at he possesses much power as 
an original thinker; and if he will but bestow 
an equal proportion of care upon his produc* 
tions, we donbt not bat that he will stand high 
amongst the poati the present day. 



Tab$ and £^»iub<(fth$Z^ of Wight. With 

the Adventurei lha Author in SearA 

them. By A. Elder, Esq. Part the First. 

12mo. pp. 198. London, 1839. 6impkin, 

Marshall, and Co. 
This is a small volume, but an extremely 
pleasant one. The tales and Wanda have a 
most genuine appearance (notwithstanding the 
myiterious and fanciful personations with 
which they are introduced), and they are told 
with great liveliness, point, and humour. 

The Hermit's Cave," the longest, is a capital 
story of glaounir; and the *' Stoned-«ased 
Well," is a striking exposition of Druidical 
rites, made interesting li^ the appearance on 
the scene of Christian apoatles, Webb bards, 
and other aoton, Cimri, men at Oaledin, and 
giants of Coranied. 

As we cannot, however, conveniently sepa> 
rate part of these for quotation, we must select 
from the shorter pieces. 

*' The Old Chtmhf^SL Helen'i^' \Vaiter, 
bring me another glaas of brandy and water ; 
and now/ oontlnnid the M gentleman, ' I 
shall tell the story about the old diurch>eteeple.' 
The old church of St. Helen's was built so luoee 
to the shore, that in the course of time thegreater 
part was undermined and washed away by the 
sea. The steeple, however, had become so 
valuable a sea m a r k, that it was determined to 
preserve it ; so it was built up with bricks In 
the inside, and its foandations defended from 
the sea by additional masonry. It wan next 
directed to bo whitawadiad to make it more 
coi^icaoiu, and wme men wen arot onr 



frmn Portsmouth for this parposa. They 
erected their ladders against the tosrar, and 
one of them went up to commenoe {Hieratitms. 
Upon looking over the top of the building, be 
waa very much astonished to sea a little old- 
fiuhioiMd gentleman in light leather shoru and 
black worsted stockings, aniarently fast asleep 
there. The wbitewasher burst out into a loud 
laugh, and his comrades came up to see what 
was the matter, and they all jdoed in laughiiw 
at the old gentleman and quiazlng him. ' It^ 
a fine day,' old gentleman,* said one. The old 
gentleman, who looked very cross, replied, 

* Wait, and see what the evening will bring, 
before you call it a Sna day. I remember, 
when tbe first stone of this tower was hdd, die 
masons came over from Portsmouth in a boat, 
and were drowned going back, and so it wlU be 
with the last tliat touched it.' * Why, thia 
tower haa been built at least two hundred 
years,' said a mason j * it's quite impossible 
that you can know anything about it.' ' It is 
very difficult to say,* said Uw old raan> dryly, 

* what is possible, and what Is not possible* 
Here the obnverutlon ended, and tbe white- 
washers went on with their work— dab, splaUi 
— dab, splash. At length one of them said he 
would just taken peep to sea Itow the cU 
gentleman got on. He want and lotiked, 
out loond nobody there. * How did be get 
down P* * Nay, how did he get up aald Uie 
other. It was altogether very odd. When 
tliey had finished their work they got into their 
boat to return to Portsmouth, Iwt at Ports* 
mouth the boat never arrived. They were all 
drowned." 

We like the whole so well, that we cannot 
deny ourselves the pleasure of another neat and 
iquant narrative, the sly undar-enrrent of 
umour in which will, no donbl, be readily 
appreciated. 

<* The Mi/tteriout £^«Thare used to be a 
cottage somewhere on the hill as you go up 
towarda the Needles— a very poor concern, 
more like a pif*at]rthan a Cbristfan'a hons^ in 
whidi lived an old woman, who waa known by 
the name of Alice Puekary. She was of a very 
unsodid nature, and bad ways and habits pacn- 
liar to herself; always muttering as she hobbled 
along, no one could hear what.. She used 
continually to place an egg on the ledge 
over the door. There was something very 
mysterious in this, but as there are alwayv 
many to be found who say there's no 
such thing as witchcraft, It was thought by 
them that the only reason the old hag had 
for doing this, was to discover whether in her 
absence her house had been catered or not; 
for wlien the doot opened, the egg sometimes 
fell to the ground. I am rather inuined to be- 
lieve, from the words which she muttered over 
the when it fell, that there waa some spell 
ill it ; because occasionally, when it was ob. 
served to fall, a sulphurous smoke and smell 
arose. Many were the speculations as to why 
she placed the egg thera; no one had ever 
been known to keep an egg in that particular 
way before— over a dowway; why should it be 
over a doorway ? It waa Uiou^t by many, 
that it was placed there tu bewitch any person 
she might take a dislike to. It waa supposed 
by others, that the influence of the e^ was 
varied, according to whether it waa placed 
with ibt broad end, or the narrow end, or the 
eide, towards tlie walL How iu influaikce af- 
fected people, no one could make out exactly ; 
stmt were suddenly taken ill immediately, or 
soon after passing under it; to othei's, good 



I'HE LITEtlARY GAZETTE, AND 



uodwlt, had the MtMMitnwr hiek of AndiRff 
a red aUk purse, amulnlng tweotj w*nt%», 
M tbo nwd M he wont homo. It li bcUevvd 
thfit on that day the e|9 WB> plaead onMmjrB, 
a thing whidi had not bam known «> bo done 
before or flno. A young woman, of the name 
of Sarah FtlfflroN, eallei at the old bag's cot- 
tage, and pUMd under the egg; abo had sot 
proceeded half a mile fmn the door before she 
was met by a parson, irbo. told bar that Ibo 
yoong man to whom ifav was going to be 
married was daiigennwlv 111 t be died that 
night. Though the old nag kept foar or five 
spedtled fowl% It wm vtfy generally beliered 
that the eggs were not laid bj any of them, 
or were, indeed, tlie produce of any other Itird. 
Sometimes the egg appeared to be longer In 
shape (ban at othns, seooetlmei shorter. It 
was thought that the egg whloli was plaoed 
there on Friday was longer shaped and thinner 
like, perhaps a little trifle tmMler, than those 
on a Monday and Tuesday, which were rather, 
as a body might say, sliort and dumpy ones. 
This was observed to be the case (at Aree 
sucoestire weeks, during whit^ they bad been 
watched. She had been repeatedly asked why 
■he idaced the egg on the ledge orer the docn-, 
to wbieh she always replied, ' that she put it 
there because she ehose to put It there] no one 
had any businns to question her right to pnt 
it there. The riidf was her own vadU put Hp 
by John Stnhblni the earpentetf at her own 
expense,, and she would tell nobody why she 
put the e^ there.* One day— -a Thursday 
afternoon— a tabby cat wal seen sitting on 
the ledge over the door, beside the egg i that 
night tat clergyman of the parish died 1" 

There are some droll and appro|fflale illos 
trations from the pendt. 



Jamt; or, Glanoti at Human Iftlur$t Ae 
Btemd tif a Seriet ef TM«$ m A« Paaaiont. 
By the Author of " MIsimresenutkio." 
3 fids. ISmo. tiolidoii, ISifo. Ssnnden 
and Ot1«v. 

A WORK of imagination, and by a yoong an- 
thoress. We should be stem critics, Indeed, 
were we to p(dnt oat the rilght fhnlts of the 
rolnmes brfore nt ; the more especially as they 
are greatly outweighed by the merits. The 
authoren haft chosen Hiss Austen as her model 
in both her previous work MisrepresentA- 
tion and the one now pleading by Its moral 
tendency and pleasing execution for encourage' 
ment and Support. Judging by the decided 
tmproTement of style In the tale of Jatut, we 
may falriy look for the same in succeeding 
vt^mes, and with more of hope than fear for 
the ohimate sueeeu of the writer. We finish 
our notice wlUi a short extract. 

*• The beary eyelids slowly rose, he east 
towards his sister one fond, nerer.to<be*far> 
gotten look — a (tint and' happy Bmlle....and 
then the countenance was darkened, yet so 
calm and phdd, Charlotte thought he slept 
In truth, he did — the dreamless shimher of ue 
grare ! There h no task more mournful than 
to search amongst the papers, books, and other 
familiar things of one whom we have lored, 
and lost. Cui we unlock the writing-desk, or 
escritoire, and not reflect whose hand has often 
turned Hie key heflwe? Whet a host of 
thoughts and feoRogs, too, come rosfaiffg on the 
mind as we nnfdd the different nemoranda, so 
carefully pr es e rved ! Often we leant more ot 
the demised from these sad rellqnes than we 
erer knew before: thmights, feelfngs, and 
affaetkmi, ttB Mw never eren guessed, are all 
M 00 ce ande known, until there would seem 
nniihhggiBttotmerilegkMln a q«eit«hidi 



thus unfolds the treasimd secrets of the dead. 
By Urariee*! dedn, this palnfol dntr bad 
dendved upon his favourite dslnr; and n was 
with heavy heart, and trembling fingers, and 
eyes bedlmmed with tears, she sat about the 
trying oeonptition. On openbig the escritoire 
where Alaliriee bad been aooattoffled to keep 
his private papers, she found little of any fo- 
ment. A few bonds fot tolfling debts diat 
were now canodled ; the letters Iw racrived ai 
diffisrent perMe when away IVno homa, and 
other aniolea of that description. One drawer 
was donUe locked wid sealed, it had reatudned 
so shMo the ii%bt preeeding Oeorgy's mar- 
riage. Need I say what that drawer eon- 
tained ? Must I describe the tress of glossy 
raven hair that onee*had elnstocd ronnd her 
open brow, the dlk pdtaa aba had netted toe bis 
birth-day gift, the book on whoae bhuk page 
her hand had traced Us name— the nvte.^ the 
bunch of faded flowers ? Cbariotte burst Into 
aa agony of tearet she bad never known till 
now how 

deep bad been her brotberNi love." 



(CenduUagoette) 
Wi have now, agraeabtj to Our prtanlee, to 
match the story of hanting at the sources of the 

Hudson, with that of more tvmote and yet 
wilder scenes. Mr. H. tells us, 

" The hunters of the for weet, who trap for 
beaver among the defiles of the Orspm Hdun- 
tiUns, regard no part of their long jonmey, 
from the borders to their savage hunting, 
grounds, where the ftar-bearlng animals are 
still found in the grratest profuuon, with more 
aversion than that which leads over the great 
deaert, where the tributaries of the Padouca, 
the Koneas, and the Arkansaw rivers, are half 
absorbed by the arid sand. Lewis and Clarke, 
Long, and other adentifio axpbrars of 
this desolate region, suffered much from the 
want of water while passing through it on their 
way to the Rodiy Mountains ; and they often 
mention the disheartening eflliMt it had upon 
their followers, when, after traversing the 
seorofalng pll^ for wedts. It etlll lay stretched 
in anbtMien and ttonolonoBa vastnese before 
them. This portion rfcountrv, which extMids 
along the base of the Rockjr Mountains aa far 
as we hams any aequalntatnce wIUi their range, 
is said to have an aversge width of six hundred 
miles. In the north, the surface it occasionally 
characterised by Water.wom pebMes and hard 
gravel, but the predominant characteristic It 
sand, which. In many InstaneeSj prevaib to the 
entile exclusion of vegetable mould. At the 
south, the arid plaint are proAisely covered 
with loose fragments of volcanic ro^cs, amid 
whose barren bosom no genial plant has birth; 
and, indeed, throoghont the whole r^ion, latge 
tracts are often to be met with, which Ohibit 
scarcely a trace of vegetation. In some few 
instances, sandy hiUodka and rl^na make their 
appMu-anee, thidtly eorered with ted oedar, of 
a dwarfish growth ; but, in general, nothing of 
vegetation appears upon the uplands, Imt rigid 
grass of spare and stunted growth, prickly 
pears profusely ooverii^ extensive tracts, and 
weeds of a few varieties, whldi, like the prickly 
pear^ seem to tbrtve the best in the moat arid 
and sterile soHb. The Indians, who Inhabit 
tills exten^ve rq;Ion, are oomposed of aeveral 
roving tribes, who, unlike the nations to the 
east and west of them, have no permanent 
villages, nor hunttng-gronnds which they claim 
as peculiarly their own. Theyhnnt the hnflUo 
and anteiope, and, dwelling only in tents of 
leather, migrate from pla<M to place hi pursuit 
of the herds (tf ihoM szumals ; and so extentire 



ie tiieir r a n g e ) thai wMle tiiey excfaai^ iMr 
akins tve blaukets uid atnnding, iritii 
Kltlah traiera on the Cheyenne river of the 
north, they also tt«de thrir moles and horsea, 
for TermilioD and silver ottiaments, with the 
Spaniards of Mexico on the Oohtrado of the 
south. The Arapahoes, Kaskatu, Klawaya, 
and Tetault which are tiie chief of Ae desert 
hordes, are feroetotM and predatory in iMr 
lUiAu, and are eimtinually at war with varion* 
iribaa ef tha Mtaonri iMRans, who Inhabit the 
lartfla oottattles which lie between them and 
our weMem frontier. The grisely beer, the 
king of the Afflerioan wlMs, shares these dreary 
domains with the savages, hardly less ferooioos 
than himself, and loams the west in qneet af 
living prey. Hen, too, the ilhisive mirage of 
tbe desert dieats the pan^ traveler with Ita 
refreshing prnnise, and the wanderers Id theae 
solltndes often tell of those monstrous afaapea 
and unnatural forms, which, like the spectre of 
the Broeken, refleetod on tiie heated and tre- 
mulous vapour, are magnified and distorted to 
tha eye of tiie ^ipalled and awe^etricken travd- 
lar. Sttange flrea, too, are said to shoot along 
the haked and erasing earth, and tbe herda m 
wild horses that can be seen trooping along the 
horizon, seem at times to be goaded on by 
gigantio and unearthly ridws, whose paths are 
enveloped in wreaths of flame. The scientific 
explorer readily calls philosophy to his aid in 
examining thne strange appearances ; leamltv 
explains the phenomena of which he Is hiratelf 
a witness, and reason rejects the preternatural 
Images, whlrii he only knows fnnn the repre- 
sentation of others. Bnt the nomadic tribes, 
who make their dwelling upon the desert, or 
the uneducated adventuter, who wauders 
thither from some more smiling region, are 
dIffBtenily affected. The monstrous shades 
and ttnaarthly appeanmoaa that present ibc»- 
Mdvec to his excited - tiidon, are regarded 
throni^ the medium of superstitious awe. 
The wild imagination of the Indian, and the 
credulous fancy of tlie Creole and Canadian 
honter, people these mysterious solitudes with 
actu^ Iwiugs ; while the grotwique flgiitei, 
drawn upon the mocking mirage, after present- 
ing themeelres frequently to tbe eye, assnme 
at leogtb an Individuality and a name ; and it 
is said that the Indians and Canadian wander- 
ers become at last so fatoiliar with the itnaget 
represented, as even to pretend to re«igni*e the 
features, and swear to the identity of shapes, 
which an continually dianging, and whhsb pro- 
bably never present themeelvaa more than 
once to the same person." 

This ia tite Introduction to the '< Ohett^ 
Rlden," a marvellous tftle ; but not so curioaft 
as one (an Ojibbeway legend) of Nannaboeho. 
a sort of terrene Jove, of whom It Is handed 
down, that befng pursued by the waters raised 
Id revenge for the murder (rf* some of his sptrita 
by Mibanaba, the Manitoag of tbe water, be 
ihos eteated the earth i.^ 

** Now that the deed was done, Nannabozho 
found himself surrounded by dangers, and 
nothing but his swiftness of foot gave him any 
chance of escape from bis revengelbl foes, who 
were immediately in full cry after him. But 
soon, the spirits finding they eonid not overtldce 
him by running, adopted a new device for get- 
ting Nannabozho In thrir power. They com- 
manded the water to rise and flow after him t 
and straightway the lake began to strell until 
its waves nisbnl along his psth so rapidly that 
it seemed fmposslUe to escape them. Nanna- 
bozho did not know what to do In thit emeN 
gency; but, at last, totti^nhftTrMerjriMhout 

tfrarffhcbAigi Ub^ I 



JOURNAL OP THE BELLES LETTRES. 



5S 



rotned to claim hU awisUuce. My brother^' 
■ail] Naitiubmbo, * will you iiot drink up thii 
wstar for me?' The crxne rmliedf ' \1^at 
will yon gin me io rstnra ?* ' I will give you 
Um utin of on* of the cbieh that I have kiJladt* 
aiMtrcnd Numabosho. The crane nag tatiiGed 
witli the promiM, and he commeooed drinking 
lip the water. Ue dnink, and he drank ontil 
he had iie&rly drank it all, when he wu unable 
longer to stand up. His body had swollen 
to an immeuw iixe. and as he went toddling 
akmg ou his thin shanks with his long ueck, 
bdbbiiig about, he presented such a lodterous 
appearance that Nannabubo burst out a laugh. 
Ing to see brodier crane make such a figure. 
Nannaboeho, indeed, must hare been mad 
with merriment, for when lie saw the crane's 
body lieoooie bigger and bi^er, while his 
skiu was stretched so, that he could not bend 
his Ic^ as it tightened around his jolnta — he 
could not withstand the temptation of pricking 
the bloated mass. He drew his bow, and the 
arrow went through the crane*a body. But 
quickly was he puiHahed for his wanton sport. 
At once the waters begui to rise eg^n, and to 
fast did the big waves increase, that Nanna- 
bailw was coropdied to ascend the highest 
mountain he eould find, and still the waters 
f(4bwed liim there. He then climbed the 
highest tree on the mountain. But the flood 
kept rising and ri^g ; the branthes on which 
he atond were soon dipping iu tlie waves, 
which at last rolled completely over his head. 
Jost as they swept finally orer him, Nanoa- 
ImcIio chanced to look up, and saw &a shadow 
of an ol^t floating near liim ; he stretched 
out bis arm and saizad iu , It proved to be a 
pieoe of wood buoyant enodgh to tnstdn him, 
and ha placed himself upon It. Nannaboeho 
now floated about for some time. The water 
•ncompeased him on every side. It had covered 
up every tiling. The rocks, htlls, and trees, 
had alt disappeared. The flood seemed to 
ripple Mshtst the rides of the sky all around, 
and wlilniever way helooked, there wBsnothing 
to be seen but a never-ending necesrion of 
waves, that had nothing bat tlie wind to play 
BgainsL At last he saw a musquash swimming 
about alone, and ha asked him to go down to 
the earth, and bring hbn a little of it. The 
animal obeyed, and plunged towards the botton, 
hot it was soon seen on tlie surfHe of the water 
perfsctly dead. Naunabozho, however, did 
not yet deeper. ' He immediately after saw a 
beaver paddling toward him, and as soon as 
the beaver got near enough to hear, he said to 
him^* My brother, will you not dive and get 
me some evth P* The beaver dived, but did not 
appear for a long time. The beaver, it seems, 
inienbe dives, can carry downso much air entan- 
gled in his coat, that, when compelled to stay long 
under water, he can tbrost his nose into his fur 
and breathe for some time. At last, he ap. 
peered again upon the surface, neariy dead with 
exbaoation ; be brought up a ver^ little pieoe 
of mud on the flat end m his tail, which he 
gave to Nannaboshok Nannahoxho scraped 
every particle of H carefully together, mid 
placed It in the palm of his hand to £ry. Wiieo 
it liad become perfectly dried he blew It out 
into the water, and straightway a portion of tlie 
e.irth upon which we now live, was created. 
The duet, too, in the hand of Nsnnabozho, 
kept incnadng the longer he Mew; until more 
and mora of the earth was made; and at last 
the whole world was finished jost as large as it 
now is." 

The Noadiic analogies, and the beaver's 
origination of the diving machine (so latelymaile 
jwMnt ia Engbuid), u« curious eootigli ; but 



here we must conclude, recommending the and the beneficial effecte of knowledge i of the 
touching story of the " Jttisaionary Bride," and snplication to busineu ; of the employment of 
the rest of the strange Indian tndldona, la Uie 1 time ; and, in short, of every subject of interest 
perusal of our readers. I to the medianical orders and ndne to the oon- 

Ooe word at parting with the anthor who muoity to which they bdong, and in whiditiiaf 
has entertained us so nudit What il die fbrm eo important a part. Tbeielsadegreaof 



meaning of ^canrtiiig?*' (p.3S,voLl,) 



MlBCEf-LAireoiIS. 
Tht 06jMt and Effect of (he Oath tn tht Roman 
Catholie Relief. BUI Comidered, with Ob- 
tetvatioiu upon Ote Xhelrine of eortain IrUh 
AuthoriUet ailh retpeet to TiAut and on 
th4 Potiojf of a Coneotdat ioUh the See of 
Rmti urilh am A p p e n d . Bif tlie Rl^t 
Ben. Sir Bobart WihneC Herton, Bart. 
O.C.H. 8v& pp. M. London, 18S0. 
Uurray. 

The subject of this able pamphlet la out of onr 
literary tlnei bat its importance entitles It to 
notice as the production of one who has for 
yean deeply oonsldered it ; who took a pro- 
minent part in iti pariiaauatary dlseuMfam fat 
1839, &&; and 1^ now eaita tiie review of a 
statesmen over it la all its bearings. The in> 
troduetion states whet these bearings are; and 
we copy it, eamenly xaeoBunending all the 
argnmenu to the attantioa thof ao well deaerre 
frtnn the public 

In th« flat McdoB oribUpubUeatlan Ihswaidai- 



Toured to dcmoiatrau that th* tecnritlM tunwud b* 
me In the yeir 18S9, for the protect kxi of th« t^burcb 
Uilnat the pOMlM* daoger of RaiiMn CxtboUc kf(il»- 



ttoo, did not dewrve to be cbsractcrlMd u iatpneUcable. 
la the Mcond (cction, that no JuitlSsUe scciuatlon or 
ertn Iromitathm of perjury am attach ta a Ronun 
CalboUc llMntNt'of Parliament fram hi* voUng for any 
raohition ot mouuie which any bodr of Protattant* 
m*Y deem neccMiry for the preMrvatloti, or at Icait 
moDaia benellt, of any ChHra EmMWinwau In the 
third Mctioo. that If It can bt psoyed that a CattioUc 
Membar of PatJlainant unaqulTocalty piopoMS to Mbnrt 
the preMdt Chnrdi EttaMUuneat. amnding to Ihc bJr 
and aquliabte impoKof the tm.iudi an attempt knot 
In amrtance with the oath wfakh ha has talun vlihia 
thewalli of Paiflament. In the foorth Mctioa, thai u 
Roman Catbolia an now admitted Into both boute* of 
Uw l^iUlaturc, It b a meet aae w«a ry act of mau pMef 
to negotiate with the head of tb« Catholic Cbutch on 
Catholic malten, and that ftom nich negotlatloa good 
and DM evil It to be antktpatad, that any mesnma con- 
oectad with Catholic lutctoM dumld he cnMldeml after 
the ettaUUbment of a concordat with the papal lee, and 
that one of the principal meaium that ought then to be 
cowtderad ihould be the payment of the Roman Ca- 
tholic clef|y. It will be perceived that whatavM ooo* 
cliulon may be come to of reader* with rcnwct to the 
flrat Mctlon, the reawxilng In the three rcmahung McHcm* 
U In no dagrea aActad." 

The Ladiet' Flower Garden ef Ornamental 
Amt/wUe. By Mrs. London. 4to. Mo. I. 
London, 1S38. W. Smith. 
Tbe first blushef irintpRNaisas tobe a moat 
beautiful booqoet of tan brightsst flowers. 
There is not a lady in tbe land, who has acosas 
to five feet square of garden ground, or even 
wlto loves the reariiwof these sweet companions 
in stands, pots, or glasses, that should not take 
this publication. Nay, if in smoky dty close 
ypeot," still ther should procure it for ita own 
graoofulaess and beauty; since the oolonred 
phites of the AoRunevJliwM — the floe adonis, 
the laritspar, the fennel-flower, the garidelbi, 
and tbe ptatyvtemon, In all tfirir varieties-^ive 
promise of a work of great taste and interest. 
The letterpress is equally excellent. 

Hinlt to Meehanici, on Se{f Education and 
Mutual Inttruelbm, By Timothy Claztim. 
Pp. 226. London, 1B3V. Taylor and 
Walton. 

Tuis la a most meritorious worit j a work full 
of good sense and nselhl infonnatton. After 
introducing the author himself, far better than 
a portrait, it treats of tlie deairableiieas of « 
iioiiiid education, of the habits, faults, and vice* 
iiicideut to mechanics, and their reform and 
improvement { of the tivU effects of iguonuice, 



•oUdity and mllei^tr In tba irfute that 
desarrea our h^^iett p nd ie. 
r&« Boenomp^ Vegetation; ort Fhenem e na t/ 
Planti. By a Fdhnr of the Lfnunan 
Societr. Pp. 176. London, 1810. BoMb 
and Fletcher. 
" See the lilles—how tkey grow," eays an 
epigraph upim the title.page, bat the vignette 
is of roses and other flowers, and nothing like 
a lily among them to eaa.** In Ita genwal 
meiltB this ia a pretty veknu^ and pwidn|^y 
illustrates many of toe habits; Ac. of plrata 
and other botanical matten. 
A Portrait t^Gedeg^. By a FeDoar of tht 
Geological Society. Pp. S14. London, 
1839. Same PubSshers. 
SiHiLAE in appearanca and In merit, this neat 
volume gracefully developos many portions of 
the sdenoes of geology. 

^aMdtqfA*Myv4ffUflMd flU LoManf, fc, by 
C. Hadarwi, Eaq., P.R.S.C. (Edhibargh, A. and C. 
Black) London, LonnDaa and Ca)— Ai a cootribution 
to the geological knowledge of oar Idand, Oilt volume Ij 
valuable; fe few parte paweia so machtntereit aa thoee 



iBKt HUl*. i* partknlury wonby «( i 
Pfindptee of the Lowe of Bme/tmA^ By a 

Solicitor. Bve. pp. 38>. London, 1839. 
ApFABEKTLY an excellent work for the 
instruction and giddanee of darks. Every 
thing seems to be notlesd, and all eoria of 
prscUoe described. 

The Ufe of Jfoisrie Waiuh, Tailor in Dal^ 
keiiht ' ^0. A New Edition, tevieed and 
greatly enlarged. Pp. 384. Edinburgh, 
1839. Blackwoods; Lradon, Cadell. 
WuAT I old friend Gait with a new face ? 
A new face, indeed, for there are eight illus- 
trations by George Cruiluhank, who can put a 
new face upon any thing. It is gratifying to 
be thus reminded of so popular a favourite as 
Mantie Waueh ; and as Edinburgh seems to 
be following the example of London, in re- 
issuing bv-gone publications in neat and cheap 
single volumes, we may fairly utUdpata a very 
extensive circulation for them. 
lAfihU and Sbadowi tf Soot&A lAfe. New 

Edition. Pp. 400. Same Pobliahera. 
The fort^ing remarks uply equally to this 
volume, which, while Gait sketched the homely, 
familiar and comic with a mastarly pencil, gave 
us a variety of pictone of Uka fiddity uid clia- 
racter where the grave, s(ed&et,at)d pathetic ia 
Scottish feeling and manners, nungled fitiely 
with the *' Lighu" of gayer scenes. The vivid 
truth, tbe nature, the touching spirit of Pro- 
fessor Wilson as exhibited in these papers, need 
no eulogy from us. That they have been long 
out of print has been mndt rwretted by tha 
pobHc, and we are nre there wfll be mnoi re- 
joicing at the ease with which they may once 
mote be acquired. 

SttAiaiiu of the Coloniei iff the BritUh Empire 
in the WeMt IndicM, South Americm, North 
Amerieoy Atia^ Auatral-Atia^ Africa, and 
Europe. From the Offiekd Records of the 
Colonial Office. By B. Uontgomery Alar, 
tin. 8vo. pp. 802,doublocoliuu)B. Appen. 
dix, pp. 304. London, 1839. Allen and Co. 
The mass of valuable int^gence collected in 
this volume is prodigious I andforasiugleman, 
it is one of those gigantic undertakings to 
which we would, a priwij wppose no Individual 



56 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



would dan to Mt Us bee. But met3, induatry, 
and aMUtjr, when ateadily and well directed, 
can efltoet much more tlian would be believed 
balore trial. Like llr. M'Cultocb's commercial 
and natisUcal works, Mr. Martin's colonial 
mmpilatioui hara become uatioaal. We 
wmidar how we did without tliem, and are for 
mr referring to than for sonie information or 
other. In a rohmm we hare a library, as far aa 
the subject is concerned— a library of uncom* 
mon merit and ntility. 

The first aap, with the British colonies upon 
it coloured red, is a remarkable exposition. 
The world never saw any thing like it since the 
world waa ereated. When we reflect upon the 
sixe and positkm of our own little island ; and 
cast our eya over those dependent roglons stud- 
ding the habitable globe, we can hardly refrain 
from langfater~it looks at if a mita had the 
limbs of an elephant. In our copy, though 
marked on the scal^ the colonies of otbar na- 
tions are not ctdoured: It would add to the 
interast of the maf. 

But, altogotharj we hare bnta word to say on 
bdialf of this Tt^une i.^lt is a perfect traasory 
of erery thing that ean bedeilted In rafwence 
to a knowledge of the ooloiiiH of Britain. 

An Eutt}t on the Art qfDaadng. Pp. 32. 
Calkin and Budd. 
The (^Mning of this pamphlet, giren to the 
dancing world by the Boduellers to her 
Majesty" has amused ns; and, without going 
over the whole ground of physical education, 
we quote it in the hope that it may equslly 
entertain our readen. 

** Ai it b (lay* the writw) no (i&cominoD occumiice to 
haa the uUUurUru of the ncMiit dmv exprcM thcli 
doubti u to whether the pT»cUce of dandng ought to be 
clMWd amount our Intellactual poinilta. s few otMora- 
ttoMupcm tUi lul^sct may not he uBKOmUble to the 

Pbefafreadai. ' Inteltcclual/acceiidliig toDr. Johuon, 
thiudefiiwdi'Rektlnf toUtevBdwetaaiUng.-^ielaiw- 
iog to the mbxlc— Uaneacted by the undenunding.' If 
b)r the practice of daocltv were merelT Bwant the mcet- 
inm of penom for the purpoM of hoatflnK each other in 
Khat i» called a qudrtile. or of bumping each otker in a 
waits, the doubt ai to the inuUectuallty of lucb practice 
would be a reatonable one, and every argument adTanced 
tn iufavourmuit at cMicefaU toihe ground. Butthliii 
theatwieofdanciag: and It would be Juit ac cooaiitcnt 
to ttatc that the practice of dancing hiu nothing to do 
with the mind, merely becauie there it a want of tatte in 
the faihlpoabla daocinc of tbe prwait day whan executed 
a* a recreation, at to ralie a tlmliar doubt In lefecence to 
the pracUoe of muilc, merely becauta people aome timet 
ling out of tune, and occsulonally play out of time*" 

This is good sound reasoning, tar if intellect 
belong to the underitanding, it it literally true 
that so does dancing: if intellectual matters 
are (raru-ncled by the undentatuHns, so it 
dancing 1 Our author, we are afraid, speaks 
too disparagingly of quadrilles md waltzes—. 
instead othutUiiigln the former, the performers 
always look to us like so many antomau ; and 
instMd of bumping in the latter, like persons 
coupled and entwined for life iu one loving 
embrace, as if they were the double stars of the 
rotatory system. 

A HutoriealView tif ths Rttultt i(fVaceinatu>nt 
at w\foUsd in Or. Buron't Lift ^Jmatr. 
By Vigomieosis. Pp. 105. London, 18S9. 
Riringtonsf Worcester, Stratford. 
TnuLT does the able author describe this to be 
mie *'af the most important of topics;" for 
what can be more important than the health 
and aafety of a whole people? Tbe present 
small volume is a Tigoroos review tA the history 
and progress of raccinatlon ; and the author, 
who must have devoted great attention to the 
iubjeet, as his practical remarks evince, ear- 
nestly enfbroes the necessity for legislative 
e n actmenta to mtrict the propagation of small- 
pox in tlu country. Becent nsitaliena of that 
diaawe^ with ray btat copMVHaMif iiiiui]r 



districts of England, add much to the twit of 
these arguments. 

PoMesIJNsoMrwi. ByGeorgelUnuay,B.M. 
Trin. Coll. Cam. 8to. pp.383. Iidlnbai|;h, 
1839. Black; London, Ltmgmanvnd Co. 
These are very able discourses ; and we would 
particulariy refer to that on the vote by ballot, 
as an example of the whole, and one of the 
most convincing aigumento that has q>peared 
on the qneaticm la any ihi^ ^iher in or out 
of parliament* 

£mvra<um#'Mtfii Umih America^ the Cape^ 
Auitra&a^ and 2f€w Zealand. By Patrick 
Matthew. Pp. 337- Edinburgh, 1839. 
Black ; London, Longman and Co. 
The information contained in this volume will 
be found valuable for emigrants, and is not 
without its interest for the politician. On the 
subject of Mexico, the author htdds that emi- 
gration thither (eiperially of Irish Roman Ca- 
tholics) should be encouraged, to prevent the 
country falling under the power of the United 
States or Russia ; but New Zealand appears to 
be the land which he deems most faVtmred by 
nature for British settlement. 

The HaMd-BookJbr jMrMan n^igmtt, pf S. BnlleT. 
Em. Pp. MO. (Qlaicow, H'Phnni LoBdon, Cotet: 
BJfabuirt. Whyta.^— Another publkstloa of tbe lame. 
:<3»m$ wUh infoiinatlon conipilaa from many tonrcet. 



AET* anh IOXBNOB*. 

OEOLOOICaL lOCIETT. 
Jaitdut23. Rev. W.Whewell, president, in 
the chwr. — A. notice, by Mr. Lydl, * On tbe 
Occurrence of Graptolites in the Slate of Oal- 
loway,' was iirst read. On examining some 
specimens of elaty sajidstone latdy collected bv 
Mr. John Carrick Moore on the shores of Loda 
Ryan, Mr. Lyell recognised the distinct re- 
mains of graptolitei ; and, as fossils are ex- 
ceedingly rare in the great range of slaty Band> 
stone and ihale extending across the south of 
Scotland, from St. Abb's Head to Oalloway, 
he conceived the discovery of this coophyte, 
characteristic of strata more ancient than the 
old red sandMone, to be importanU Tlie beds 
containing the grwtdites are uearlv vertical, 
and theur strike is W.S.W. and The 
rttding of Mr. Daniel Sharpe's paper * On the 
Neighbourhood of Lisbon,' was tnen reeiuud 
and concluded. The district described in this 
memiHr is bounded to the north of Lisbon, by 
a line extending from Torres Vedras by Sobral 
to Villa Franca, and to the south, by the ooast 
from Cape Etplchel to St. Ubes. The form- 
ations of which it consists are arranged by Mr. 
Sharpe in the following order, the local names 
being derived from the points where the strata 
are best displayed. Tsrfiary^—Upper tertiary 
sand i Aloada beds, contitting <h sanda, lime- 
Btotiet, and elm ; lower teitUry conf^omerate. 
Seevndarjf. —Uif^ntie limestcm^ red sand- 
stone, E^ichel limeatone, slate-day and shale, 
San Pedro limestone, older red conglomerate. 
Igruom Rockt. — Basalt and granite. The 
composition, range and extent, organic re- 
mains, mineral contents, and physical pheno- 
mena of each deposit, were described in con- 
aiderahte detail. In the ** upper, sands," 
which constitute nearly the whole of the area 
belonpng to the tertiary class of formationt 
south of the Togus, and included within 
the author's range, no organic remains have 
been noticed, and the strata are quite hori- 
zontal, except at the edges of the basin. A 
mine of quicksilver was proHtably worked in 
the lower beds at Coyna during the last cen- 
tury ; bat it was abandoned iu 1801, in con- 
aaquence of all t^e quicksilver having been 
•sinuttcd which the miiwri were emJucd to 



reach. The gold dust, for which the sands o^ 
the Tagus have been so long cdebrated, Un 
Sharpe conceives, is also darivM from tlie lower 
beds of this division of the tertiary series. 
The only spots where workings have been 
carried on rf^larly, and to any extent, are 
near Adica, on the coast of the Atlanticjabout 
ten miles sooth of the mouth of the Tagua. > 
The gold dust Is obt«ned from sand washed 
down from the cliffs-; hut it is only after 
the lapse of considerable intervals of time 
that the works can be successfully pursued. 
The washings were carried on in the fif- 
teenth century, until they were found to t>e 
no longer profitable, and they were renewed 
in 1814 and continued tiU* 1826, when they 
were again abandoned. The Almada beda 
occupy uie greater part of the tertiary distria 
on the Lisbon side of the Ta^s, and tliey 
form the difl^s on the opposite side, from Tra- 
faria to Almada ; also, a zone which ranges 
from St. Vhet to Palmella, and thence south- 
west nearly to Aides do Meco. They ara prin* 
ci pally intereating on account of the fossils with 
whi<» they abound; but sufficient attention 
has not yet been paid to these remains to en- 
able their bwng accurately compared with the 
fossils of other tertiary districts. In few 
countries can the separation between the ter- 
tiary and secondary formations be more itrangly 
maned than in the district aronnd Usbon. 
The rocks of the latter daas ware dlstnrbed and 
denuded before the com men cement of the ter- 
tiary epoch, and a vast mass of basalt, covering 
au extensive district to the west aud north of 
Lisbon, is interposed between the youngait of 
the secondaryaud the oldest of the tertiarystrata. 
The hippurite limestone consists in the upper 
and middle parts of marls and argillaceous lime- 
stones, containuig layen of flints, and, in the 
lowest, of a beandful hard marble. It occnra, 
within Mr. Sharpe's tract, only on tbe Lisbon 
side of tbe Tagus, where it forms considerable 
districts, and apparently underlies the greater 
portion of that occupied by the basalt. The 
mott diaracteriatic fossils are several species of 
; ■phemlites, and other remains of the family of 
nudista. ShdU are also abtmdant. Thebippn- 
ritelimestoneisunderiaidconftmnablybya thick 
deposit of aandttones, grits, marls, and lime- 
stones. Lignite occurs In it at several places, 
and occasionally in sufficient quantity to have 
led to unsuccessful researches' for ooaL A 
thick eiBoreacence of sulphur coata many of the 
beds, and gypsum hat been woiked to soma 
extent not far from Santa Anna,, near the 
southem limits of the district. This red sand- 
stone formation occupies the greater part of Mr. 
Sharpe's dutrict to the north-west of Lisbon, 
and south or the Tagus; it constitutes a band 
from Palmella to the coast, a little north of 
Cape Bspichel. Tbe strata are much disturbed 
both north and louth of the Ta^ut. In the 
sandsttme strata, vegetable Impressions and seed 
vessels are found; and in the calcareous,- corals 
and shells, some of which the author has iden- 
tified witlt fossils of the English secondary 
series. The Espichel limestone is composed <» 
aiteniatlons of shale and gray limesUme. It 
constitutes tbe Cape, after which it it named 
by Mr. Sharpe; also the flat outer una whidi 
surrouuds the Cintra Hills; and the mass of 
calcareous beds forming the Serra d'Arrabida 
is considered by him to be most probably of the 
same age. The fossils found iu this formation 
are for the greater part casts, and are not easily 
separated from the matrix. They are alao re- 
ferable to the ^^^^^^2^1^^^'''^ 

nelghbourhoi^ of Cintra, forming ucwddk 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



57 



2otw aDmnndiiig Uunb granitic hills. Th« 
uppeimoM and lowMt dtriiiimj ooDsiat prlnd< 
jwUt at abala, and th« middle of Indanted 
•hale, alteriMting regnlu-ly, and without any 
appMrance of ditturbanoe, with rariotu Igneout 
Fodu. The whole of the itrata dip from the 
granite nndeos. The San Pedro linwetoDe 
fonnt the Inner sone aroand the CIntra Hills. 
Near the village of San Pedro, the following 
■eriei of beds is diip]ayed':« 

F«et 

Vuk grar compact UnustotWi Miml htnulnd 

Qny Um«toM, with illgbt tncM oT cmtalHnt 

nructum too 

Caan«(ZT*talUDe. invUawblt«,orwblt*mr 100 
CouM martd*, uniallv graT, but tomrdi Che 
bottomUulAwhliAfiaiilM 100 

The MBM gradnal cha^ nay be tnced where- 
ever the limestone can be seen raeting upon 
the granite. The Itaea of stratification are 
always distinct, and the dip wies from 40* to 
70* from the central nucleus. The older red 
conglomerate ocean only near St. Ubes, form- 
ing the higbsBt ridge of the Serra de Coroens, 
the eastern end of the Seira de San Luis, and 
the higher partt of the Serra de Vim. The 
tme geohi^oal podtkm of this rode Mr. Oiarpe 
MraM not detannioa, u It oocnn oidy losth of 
the Tagus, and in contact with no dsposll 
anterior to the red sandstme and the Espidkel 
limestone { bat it Is older than either of those 
formations. On concluding the description of 
the eedimantaiy deposiu, the author expressed 
his r«gtec at hb iuAlUty to dnnr any aoouMe 
cooipBTiMm between the Usbon depodu and 
those of the mote northern portions of Eurqie. 
That the hippnrite limestone is the representa* 
tive ct the diallc, and the sabgacent formations 
the represenutires of the middle secondary 
series of Engbud, he has little doubt j bat he 
heeitatct to point out de&nitiTely to wbieh of 
the wMtle rmkM they ought to be assigned. 
The tertiary beds he considoi as probably of 
the same age as those of Baza and Alhama, in 
the south of Spain, described by Brigadier 
Silrertop. Igntou* JKodfc«._The geological 
position of the great mau of basalt was allnded 
to in notf dng the break between the tertiary 
and secondary foimadmis. The sorfaoe occu- 
pied by this roclc is caknhted to be equal to 
ei^ty square miles ; hot lu boundaries aio w> 
invgohu' that thn cannot be followed on an 
ordinary map. The basalt raries oooddenbly 
in characters, and is some ti aaee colamnar. it 
gowrally rests upon hippmrite limestone, and 
sonethnea upon the red tan dstone ; but, to the 
west of IjOBTTes, it cuts tb rDU{^ those forma- 
tions, and it has appareo tly thrown op the 
beds lying to the south of jhe line of intersec- 
tion. From this circomstan ce. Air. Sharpe was 
induced to conclude that the basalt was irrupted 
near Ixunes. Basaitio dy kes and associated 
distnrbanosa were described in the bay of Cu. 
CMa. On the beach near Ci ximbra, to the eul 
ofC^ Espichel, some mat ses of basalt hare 
been intruded between the beds of sandstone, 
nnd bare produced conddt rable distnrbance. 
This is the only print sout h of the Tagus at 
which an igneous rodi wi is noticed by the 
author. AlthoDgh Mr. Shi jpe had innumer- 
•hta opportunities of obeerrj Bg the jtinction of 
the basalt and the fonnatia n below it, yet he 
did not notice a single insta leeofthesol^aeent 
deposit being altered. Th e onfy point near 
Lisbon where granite ooom , is the well-known 
district of Cintra. Thifr ri ock is generally a 
true granitic componnd, \m t it passes near the 
western end of the ranga-of hills into syenite. 
The great central mase-ie . coarse-grained, and 
hre^i into large ixmgiim Uocks; but that 
vU4i«iuiItutMtfw9alv edge of the forma. 



tion is finely grained, splits into rhombs, and 
might be mistalien for a sandstone. Patches 
ci coarser granite are, howerer, inehided in the 
latter variety, and refais of finoiigrained ttarerse 
the central niwiwii A detwled aoooont was 
giren of the distnrbanoes which occur on the 
flanks of this granitic region, and effect the 
sedimentary deposiu ; and a minute description 
of the dislocations between Falmella and Cu« 
Esi^diel. The p^nr oonchided with eoma ob- 
servations on the earthquake in 1766 1 and it 
was shewn that its effects were entirely con- 
fined to tlie surface composed of tertiary strata, 
not a building iuving been affected which stood 
upm the seoondary rocks, or basalt. 

STATISTICAL 30CIBTV. 

The Bight Hon. Holt Alackenzie in the diair. 
— The paper read was exceedingly long, ex- 
ceedingly diffuse, and, itmaybe added — learned. 
It was by Mr. Guy, the Professor of Forensic 
Medidne, King's College, London. It is en- 
titled, ' On the Value of the Numerical Me- 
thod as applied to Science, but espedally to 
Physiology and Medicine.' The chief object 
of the pi^er is to establish a mora cont- 
^ete system of averages in medical sdenoe. 
Thus, to take a familiar instance : —the dura- 
tion of human life may extend from a moment 
to upwards of a century and a half, and any 
attempt to predict the duration of tbe life of an 
Individual by the use <tf the average would be 
regarded as m the higliest degree preposterous. 
Another lUnstration of a totally different kind 
is afforded by the pulse, which, In persons of 
the same age, and in a state of rest, has a 
i-ange of about forty beats; and, in the same 
iodiTidual, under different drcumstancee of ex- 
(itement, a range at least equal to its frequency 
in a state of rest Any attempt, therefore, to 
apply an average frequency to a particular case 
must be regarded u unreasonable. In this re- 
spect, the applicatimi of tbe numerical method 
to drad matter may often be made with mndi 
greater confidence ; for it frequently happens 
that the extreme arQ.uot veiy remote from the 
mean results. Forinstance, the engineer knows 
that the friction produced by contact of 
iron, or of any other mateiial employed in his 
matniiiery, is dlflerent fat different niedmens 
of tliat material ; but he finds that the mean 
quantity of friction produced differs little from 
the extreme, and he applies the average value 
with a certidnty that no very great practical 
error will take place in the working of his 
machines. Such cases as these rardy oocor In 
the itudv of physic ;— and so forth. Professor 
Balbl, Paris; M. Moreau de Jonn£a, also of 
Paris; Colonel af Forsell, Sweden; and Pro- 
fessor Bache, Philaddphla (Benjamin Frank- 
lin's great -grindsoo), irare dacted. fordgn 
members. 

■OTAvicAK socnvr. 
FaiDAT, Jan. 18. Mr. J. E. Oray, pred- 
dent in uie didr.— -Garden spedmens of ^ipt- 
<Uum rtgidum, sent to Mr. G. E. I>ennes by the 
Bev. T. Bree, fimn a root brought from Ingle- 
hourgfa, Yorkshire, In 1815, were exhibited — 
Bead, the continuation of Mr. Cooper's niper, 

* On the Dispersion of Plants in the Em^rons 
of London, and the Formatton of Flans ex- 
hibiting this Oistribntion of Spedes over Lo- 
cdities ;* also, a paper, by Blr. J. F. Sidney, 

* On the Botany of Morpeth, Northumberland.' 
The vicinity of the town of Itlorpeth does not 
produce many of our rarer British plants, asmudi 
is under cultivation, the soil argilwceous, restine 
upon freatone rock, and the surface, though 

vudulstipg, nowheie of any considenble ele- 



vation. Nevertheless, on the baoka of the 
river Wansbeck, in Chapd or Bothd Wood, 
and In some other of the nflighbonriw woods 
and plantations, spedmens that ai« sddMn met 
within any other parts of the county, are found 
in the very spots marked out as tlieir habiuta 
by Dr. W. Turner in the dxteenth century. 
Of Orobranoht majoTy which may still be found 
on tbe banks, near " Our Lady's Chapel," in 
Bothd Wood, he writes i " Orobranefie is so 
rare an herbe In Enghmd, that I never saw it 
in all England but In Northumberland, where 
it is called New Ckapri Hmutf** and, again, of 
another plant, " This Lepidiom growith plen. 
teeously about the watersyde that ryneth thorow 
Morpeth, in Northumberland, in such places 
aa great heaps of stones are oastm togstlier 
vtjSx the mlj^t of a great sprat of floode.** 
The rarer pluila met with by Mr. Sidney are 
Galanthut nfoo/us, in a troly wild state; a 
variety of Myon^M tglvatica ; also, of Ftronka 
mmtanoy with white flowers, Bromta «giw- 
ronu, dec. The list oratained fifty-dx species, 
and one hundred and ninety-two varieties. 

aOTAL IltaTSTVTlOV. 

FftiDAT, Jan. IS^The first ** weekly milng 
meeting" of the fourteenth season of these 
social, philosophical, and popular assemblies. 
Mr. Faraday lectured to a numerous audience 
* On the Oymootus and Torpedo.* Our report 
of the Boyal Sodety, when the oondouon of 
Mr. FanHbn's paper, entitled * Experimental 
Sesearches in Electridty, Fifteenth Series,* . 
was read (X.i(. Com. No. 1143), will have com- 
municated to our readers what had been done 
in identifyieg the powers of the rymnotos and 
torpedo with those of common electricity, and 
Mr. Faraday's recent experiments aa the gym- 
notns at the Addalde Gallery. Car notice, 
-therefore, of tUs interesting lecture will be 
hrief, confined to a slight description of the 
(ymnotua, the wonder of physlobgy, and the 
probkbility of future experimentt devehqiing 
the nature of nervous influence. The gym- 
notus, or electric ed, has a Urge bull head, 
with a long tapering body, vndnneatk which 
are most beautiful fringes or abdominal fins. 
By these are obviated the tortuous progress 
of tbe caminon eel, and tlie movements of 
the gymnotoa are rendered exceedingly grace- 
:ful. The essenUal organs of this creature, 
those requisite for vital functions, are situ- 
ated immediatdy behind the head (within a 
abort space of which the alimentary canal 
bc^s and ends), and are very small In pro- 
portion to the dectrical organs. The latter 
occupy the whole remdning length. Tbey 
consist of four separate organs ; a la^e one on 
■each upper side, uid smaller corresponding ones 
underneath. Their structure is cellular, inter- 
sected with horizontal lamina, and composed 
of matter different from any other In the body 
-of the fish. Tbe nerves that lead tiom tbe 
brdn and spinal marrow to the electrical or- 
gans, are enormous in onnparison with those 
. that supply tbe fluid, or force, or influence, 
, necessary for vitality. They may be cut 
through, and thus the electrical organs separ- 
ated from the vital parts ; Ae creature still 
lives and flonriehes, and beoomes even wn 
Uedjr than when in iu natural state, and when 
it may be sdd to be inconvenienced by tlie 
large demand of tbe organs for the nervous 
fluid, or the something which is doubtless 
used, worked up in them to produce electrical 
effects. In propmtion to the using up frf* this 
nervous influence .is ^>*x9''t¥V4%*^*^' 
arteiD49^«lMi<*>iu»^^^ 'i* 
awDiaro wcgiwJpfcwwniBOrwo canvwie am 



58 



THE LITERACY GAZETTE, AND 



be obtaioed. For Iristence, heat from electri- j country durtiif the aoauiMr moDthi, u tfaa 
dty, electricity from iMU, ebemlcid action from i t«mp6rature of tbii MMon ia hf wreral depvM 
d«ctricity, and «{s« vtn&t lV>t Attm dactri-jwaniMr thaathKortliePaiimM. At tbeoMi- 
dty: buttlM<^tpMlte»h b to be ngnttad, h chulon of the dinu^t to i^idi tbMe papan 



■t yet mora an aoenion than an ntabliihed 
e]qMrbiMnlkI hat, Howovtr, moogli U kncnrn 
' to support the axiom above itated. NefAer 
can b« named u the oriotnal catuet eaoh Is 
unue and effect; the thing wodooed can be 
concerted Into ihe thing prodadngt they all 
may be the etfiects of one common cuue> but 
to the knowledge of thb, e ap erl mrawl ^lo> 
t«)by has not yet come. Upon thb primsiple 
or reconversion, then, wfi] fbture Infe Wlgati oai 
be conducted t and the enectattoos ara, that, 
after having completely entansud the fiih^ by 
passing a current of fluid through Its electrical 
oivans. and in a ooQtnry direction to that In 
which it floira in the fiahjH^eifawDtm wlUho 
able to bring bade this mrrmi Inflancs, to 
reconvert ^ectricd fluid Into lierrons ftuid, or 
natural lobBtanoe, and thni arrive at a know- 
ledge of the nature of that wonderful agent. 
Mr. Faraday, in the co m me u oemo nt of the le^ 
ture« observed that every remark he might make 
would be q>pHed only to matter in rwatioa to 
animal lifs, not to the principle of Ble— not to 
the immaterial aplrit. And lihraagbMtk he 
ably treated cause and effeot in the trot ^Mt 
of an experimental philosopher. 

* HKmcb>»oTAincAi. swcrsty. 
1*HG ordinary genend meeting was held en 
Wednesday. Iff. Sigmond in do Awht-Jtwo 
VV* «er« read by Uie Seoretiryi me *0n 
the Treatment Of Apoplexy,* In wUdi the 
author inaiated on the neoeaslcy of t!h« mploy* 
ment of different modes of treBtneDt, aocorakig 
to the constitutional habits of eadi pnt^ent ; 
and the other * On the Carlaoe^ or Amun, of 
South America,* or « Mai* de doe Hesea,^ and 
its dietetic and medllriaiil propertios, hi which 
the Importance of Ae paHoular nvdee of' 
maike, or Indian com abwe named (which has 
been hitherto unknown either in Enrope or 
North America), was brought under the attan- 
tioH of its members. The learned anthoi-, tfr. 
Hancockt SUtes that It yields ripe grain in the 
short period of two months from hs sowing, m 
well in the cold and elevated plains of Unido, 
and the atiH colder r^ona of the Pampas, as 
in the hot and aultry parte of the Orlnoko and 
Caraocas, and might, donbtlea*, be cultivated 
with ({reat advantage and profit to the agrieal. 
turist in this countrjr, and sumily the place of. 
deficient crops of drdtttary grain in unfavonr. 
able seasons. It was formariy known amongn 
the Indians of Venemcda Inr the nttDes dfca* 
riaco and ami^ai and we Spn^ardi and 
Creolfls giro it several sppellaCioQR ; as "mah; 
cariaqueto,*' "maiz de ses nuaes," md " pan 
de provislar." It ts, however, Very doubtful 
whether the plant I* k dlstlnOt spe^s, or only 
a variety of the Indian com ; but it la much 
more slender and diminutive than the latter. 
The produce of eadh Is nearly eauiQ, vli. fram 
about fif^ to sixty bushels to Uie acre. The 
learned author observed that, from the extreme 
indolence and apathy of the natives, "much leas 
of the com Is prodnced than might be yielded 
by a proper tillage, and that thediffbrent kinds 
of grain are aill«red to become mingled toge- 
ther; and thus, from affinity of species, produce, 
even on a single ear, a divenity of distiuetly 
coloared kernels. The pluit haa also £he great 
recommendation of not Impoverishing the wil, 
like moat other vegetables of the kind, although 
a* many as three or four crops should be taken 
off in a year, which are often obtained. Its 
growth fflighi, be Btuei, te cBuored tat ihla 



gave rise, the learned ohiimian annooneed the 
arrival In fin^and of their rejected president, 
Earl Stuhope, and Us kttentim to take the 
chaJr tt the nent geueml meeting of tba Sooiety. 

MOMUMATIC 80CIETT. 

Tbi ordinary meeting was held on Iliurtday. 
Dr. Lee, prealdnt, in the chair.— Ur. UamiJ. 
ton preeentiad a aaodai of the Qoeen by S^nor 
PIstiWMl t Mr. NMrtbigale, a eonmitioa medal 
of the Empantc Nirtima «r Boada ; and Mr. 
Rolph, several ooinsfonnd in the Isle of Thanet, 
and other parts of Kent t nmongst which was a 
penny of AlfM, with eoMe of the Bdwards; 
and aaether, MpMNd w b* n csnntBrfert one 
stTMk In the mgn af John. TIm president 
annonnoed the pi w re ss of the labours of the 
coKmltte* appt^ted to examine the o(ri)ection 
of coins braught over by Lord Ptndboe Aom 
Egypt, and presented to the Society, and stated, 
that amongst them were several rare and al- 
most nnl^ oirins of die Anlanla«»Bfr. Bol> 
royd exhibited three onrimts Iron oolns at 
AntORn woaey from Cordovan, and read an 
tateresttng piper up(m them. The form of 
these was verr nide, being not nnlike the sec- 
tion of a moabroom, and they were but of re- 
cnt Introduction { for, when Ae country was 
nader the dondnlon of Darfonr, the only me- 
dhm (tf barter or exchange was grain. On 
ita conqoeit by AH Pasha, he iotroduoed the 
Egyptian oniu ; but, on aooonnt of the low 
rate at whidb every artide of life was sold, they 
soon foand It necessary to procDTe some lower' 
medium of cironlation. Iron ore Mag very 
i^ntlfol In the neighbonihood, was employed ' 
in the &bricatk>n of Uiese eoiu, forty of whfdi 
were worth one Egyptiu piastiek erS|A ster- 
ling. A similar inscanos of this cobiage is te. 
corded by Major Denham at a Tfllsge In AMoa, 
•whM9 the nUoe of the ooln, howevM-, varies, 
and is settled by the proclamation of the chief. ' 
This (scitas eonsideraUe stir and excHement, 
which riie bulb and bean, as on ^ Loodon 
Stock Exchange, take mftrj adrant^ of; but 
a very greet cause of Ita fluctoatlon is whoi tiie 
cU«f gives a feast.— The remainder of apaper 
wea read from Mr. Tadur, * On the Light 
irtcleh Coins throw on die History and Progress 
ofCtvfltsnHen.^ 



liTrBmART Ain> i>barhbi». 

tTMIVXmSlTT IMTSLLiaEKCB. 

O-'^i-niitri.— 3^ n lonermiXkaa httldsn en HOBfaV iM. 
briTiK' \he H^-t E>r llirniy. oc lAht Twn, the filWWiv 



. irt Cr.'.; !'r- — Kcv. WUBsei 

- "t--. williMii Sejer LeodOB, Chras 

CliLiilii L>jviil Menillf, Tti.-TiLj4H«nrr Allen Pornder. 
8t.i3ii)ih.f- I'.ilU;;)?; Il.rv. U ikllLina Uniuv. Re*. Frank 
Bur|j<'>, tVlliWiof .St. Jiihn'j I'^ll^ge ; Re*. JttMi JoDMt 

Jnui tdllciKH 

liwVjcJnr, Artf.—K iWiam ''lUIW, CfaM GhnRbl 

Jann llH'*-k.lflj. 51. Efliniir'J Jl.ilL 



KOTAL ASIATIC SOCIXTT. 

Jam. 19. Protesor Wilson, the XNreotor, in 
the t^iair.— The fint paper reed w the meeting 
was a abort memoir of Dr. Rottler, who 
died on die 24th Jnne, 1836, in his eighty, 
tevmth year. He had beesi sixty ysen a 
mfssionvy of the Society fcr the n^egn. 
ckm «f the Oespel lit Foreign Pasta, and a 
feUnw-labearer with Schwarts and Oeriche. 
The whole of that dme he had auiively em. 
ployed, not only in (mthMly dtsdaai^g the 
duties of Ms eMce, bat also In oaltivRttng the 

•danoacf hetaay, lod f n da piepanti« of ai««* very probably ibe sane «• die Anwriean 



valuable Tamo) Dlctionair. In these laboors 
be had bean occ u pied until within tliree or four 
days of Ui death; and tn each department he 
haa left behind him vslnabta resnlta — A paper, 
by ICr. B.Solly, WIS Am reed, *Oo thePr^m. 
don of Caoatehonc* After describhig-the dlf- 
fomt proeeMei now employed for the prepara- 
tkm of this very ceiioas substance, Mr. Solly 
stated that In ^1 these the extraneout solut^ 
matters oootaiued in the sap were aHowed to n- 
main with the caoutchouc, and beooote inoonwK 
rated with it as it solidified. BeAmslderadtbat 
these impnrides prohaUv exerted eooildevMUe 
Influence on the streagth, ehuticity, and con- 
sequent value of the aidelet and dea cri bed the 
kinds of caoutchouc In w^lch thaaa imparities 
were most abundant, and ^so dniee in whldi 
their deteriorating infloenoe was tbegnatest. 
The went of pwtet adberion benraen the 
layen of CMKHdMOe whleh com p osed the Indin- 
rabber bottka, he attribnted to the preseswe of 
a very thin layer of these inmirities between 
then. Mr. Solly then detailed some experi. 
mens undertaken by him on the reosnt sap, 
widi a view to e i eer tai n iu how far these im- 
purities might be se pa r at ed by any impcere- 
ment in the preeeaa new employed for pro- 
parii^ caoatohooc ee as to give It inereaaed 
strength and elasticity. He eendoded widi 
sooM remarics on dw importstion of the e^ «f 
the caontchooo ttees into this ommtry; the 
probable causes ef the repeated failnve of almoet 
all attempts, and en the means most likely to 
snooeed, in attahting so dedmUe an object. 
Frefcanr Royb, a— elary u the Cenwstttea of 
Oonnnetee and Aerienltare of the Soeiety, reed 
a latter from Ae Hortioultuiel Society of CaU 
cotia, whidi aoomnpanled a small bale of ootion, 
the growth of India, from American aeed, ro- 
qnestiag the eoraminae would obtain the ofi- 
nion ot con^eteot jndges in Englend as w iu 
stute and prio% oonpnred with that of the 
Indian and AoHrlcen cottoaa. The letter 
farther tuted that the cultare of Amerkan 
cottan had net yet been estabU4wdjn India on 
an extendve scal^ owing to several cauMS ; but 
that thtir Society was rtlll eangiiine, that by a 
steady persever a nce, and the e x a m pl e of sevml 
gcndemen of the civil and military service wlie 
bad -shewn ito superiority, the natives would be 
indnosdtospresditeKiensivelyoverall tbedis. 
triota favonraUe to die gnrwtii of indigonotis 
oottoa— Dr. Boyle then read a letter from Mr. 
Mrieolmson, * On the Cotton grown near Pmt- 
tmn, in the Kingdom of Haplea,* a small 
quandty ef the seed of wbidt he had tewardod, 
with a request that it sbeold be sent to die Her- 
tienltinal Society of Bengal. Mr. Maknlmson 
entered faito details aea at c t u ig the eoU and eli. 
maw of that pert cf Italy, and alluded to the 
rennilcaibla petrit^iag stream which runs user 
Pastum, and whidt censed a oonelderaUe oal- 
careoasdepoeltion oKtheooil which it irrigated, 
a mfaEtnre which kadtbeen sunMoed eaasntial to 
the enldvntien of ootton. There wero two 
khida of cotton onUrctod In the kingdom of 
Naples, the best of ohidi was gsowa at Castel. 
lamare. Mr. Malodauon had pffoeorod some 
of the soil from onsvf the riobsst cotton fioMf 
of that place, of wUdi be intended to forward 
an analyas. Dr. Rm^ stated that be had, at 
the same time, veoewsd a note fiam the Hm. 
f OK Snnngways, costs ining an enaaei fren n 
pner of Proftssor Ttaer^ on. the very cotton 
■puken ef bv Mr. Uakxdntson. The extreet 
stated that ue usual cotton grown la Ibe king- 
dom was the Geaeysium hertactim ; but that 
the ootton of CasteLlamare, which had been 
oaitivsted from timi: immemorial iu CaUbria, 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



«aH0H4aHriMljfitbt**OrtoftinitMh" For 
tba anMntlM of Ato ooMon In OntMuuki*, 
ih»j w«rt Indcbud to til* WtmAf who had 
broaght ll f^MD Cibbrlt. Dr. Reylt eh w n J 
that tW eaUoB wm tnort pretwbly the Goiqr- 
jMtMMrmfiMi,OTUftoidO<or|1taDttini. Aia 
mail was ta 4^ri for India t04dar» he had been 
mM 9i t hr the htmltieM of Mr. W. B* BtcfiiTt 
to dN^tch, thrmgh th« luik HMie, «be ml 
i«Dk by Mr. Maleolaaton, and ilvoold nmik 
ladia Mfoc moo^ A» 4l« M#li^ oftiie NMllof 
MMOn..T«o wt* AftefMrdi rud, 

' On A* Oultlvatlm of the BoarHon Gatton In 
tbe Sooth or India.' The first hj Mr. Hugfaea, 
flf Tii»MnUjr,wlio had grown that plant laii^, 
■Ml with mat mcoau, twenty jmn ago; wid 
Ike oib» I* Mr. Heath, who had fMlowoA tiw 
platt of Mr. Hnghet, it'hea cennwdal re- 
aldeirt of Salem and Oolmbatore, with equal 
atieMflt. The papM ot Bfr. Hufthei went Into 
minute deUiU on tbe wil and cllmkta ; on the 
pfauitlngt pnlittur, gathering, tad ideantitig tbe 
oottoM ; ud oil Ita ralue In the faiariiet. If 
pobKtbed In fbll bjr the Sodetjr, aa It probably 
wlH* thh iMiw ttiiat Atinlbh k Wf tueful body 
of Infonnation to ouItlTatort of eotton. An 
abrMkenent of It w«e Made lit India br Mr. 
Hei^. who cftUMd It to be tmiulated Into the 
Tattnl langoage* and a eopjr to be given to any 
famer irhe made a trial of the WM. The att. 
porienee nf Mr. Banlh generally mti with 
tfiM of Mr. Btufaee, ene^ Aal Qw fimtr 
genlleinan fcmnd he wM able to trow eotton 
sueecaifuUy at a dtrtaneo trf IM mlhN ftrtn the 
M»i While Mr. Hughei fimtid the feoait to 
tttiBwer«nluil««ly. Mr. Heath aUo found the 
nattvia more ready to adopt Itaprorvment than 
MttM hnw hMU etpected from the paper of Mr. 
Bngh**' At the eooduiion of thia paper It 
waa obMrred, by Mr. W. B. Bayley, thai w &r 
ae he nadentood, the nuuraftetareri of Olae- 
gow and the North of England eonridered the 
de^ts of Indian cotton gnlerallf to arin 
rather from want at c&re In gathering and 
elaitoslng than fma any deficiency of naple i 
and that, omMititodf, ttore attention ihonld 
b* paid t« these polnti Atn to the btrada«tion 
of new phutts.»The dtreetor stated to the 
meeting, that Mr /ernes Rimt CubId, iHiO la 
neofnateri tO the gomnonhip vl Bombay, hil 
kindly offered to promote, bj any means in hit 
pownr, the objects of the Royal AslatlBSoeiety t 
and thai the council had, in conseqttUea, n* 
aolTod to prepare Uste of desiderata to be fiir- 
aiifced to hfan. He» therefore, requested thtt 
Any menAer of the SociMy, who di^t have 
any su^iMtfAn to make bearing on the matten 
in which tbe aid of Sir ianies Carnac might be 
tahJaWe to the Society, would, eittiet- now, ot 
at an tAly period, conimnnldkte sodi mg. 
VMkm to Ae secretarr of the Society by 
whoA It «nM hn brob^k Mora tiw omndl. 

M«. BjittT In the diafr.-^ cmnttnmfMttotl 
was read rtlatire to certain experiments made 
to obtain sihvr from a quantity of quicksilrer 
aared from the Ladv Charlotte, wrecked last 
year I the quantity of qnlckillrer obtained was 
•aMt Mm., by premre, whidi gam It the 
■weknuee of dry mortar, and expoMre to 
the fire, the decnaie In eight dart was 4 Ibt. 
Another paper waa read * On tbe Uonvertlon Af 
theChlorafa»,*&c.tbyMr.V)mnir. Una com> 
■annfeatfam li Insoweptible of amilTsh t we can 
only pm eul une or two of the antborS tviulta. 
After nantleaingthe atepB by which Mr. Penny 
found Us equividenti, he gine an aeeount of 
may wKfrnntatM with oxygen, nittut of po. 
liMs ■ii'VlMi oUame of ■^sHnli if Mda, 



and other enbetmmt hO pnhlts out the dis. 
crepamdes which enlet between Tbomsen, Tur- 
ner, and himself, whldi SPPMO' to be In some 
Instances oonriderable. The experiment by 
which ha effected tbe oonrerslon of lilvar into 
(dJorale, presented, for 100 parts of the former, 
1«7'441 of Ae latter i and 100 parte of nttrata 
paaoatad 84*874 of dtlorale. Ox^m It Ae 
only nbMOMO on the equlTdonM oC vbiA 
chemlete ane a gmd. 



fOeikTir or AMrttttraAifci* 
Mr. HiMiLTott, V.P. in tbe cbhlf.— Mr. 
Bruoe oommnnleated a oontamoorary Meovnt 
of a omnet whUb appeared In 147t, In vhIA 
Ae eomet and Its eourte were described muoh 
more iciontlfically than is usually met wttb la 
wriA^ of that period. The aocauQt was 
ettraeted fhrnl a MS. preHrved at PeterbduM 
College, Cambridge, about to bo primed by the 
Camden Sucle^. A FurAOr portion wai 
read of Mt. B«u*s *Aooount of Ooenrrencei 
prerioua tif, and at the Battle of CroMy,' and 
Ae tnndoder peetpwed. 



noriL sociBTT or tiTMATtrnS. 
TttDKBOAT. Dr, Spry In the chair. — After 
traiiucting tbe routine buiinees, Mr. Hamilton 
exhibited the drawing of a remarkable gem 
(green jaip«-)t unfortunately destroyed In the 
burning of Sir Robert dordon*! residence, when 
embassador at Conttaatinnple. The figures 
utmn It are very curioui. Mn Hamilton alw 
read anextraot irf a letter fi^m Mr. Bertonj a 
SwiH iraTdler, giving an Inlereating aeeount 
of his reiearehee upon the site of Tyre. Mr. 
Berton had occupied hinudf witli an eaamlno* 
tion of Ae desert between the Dead and the 
Rod Sea, and had aeeertidaod that there waa a 
fldloflflOOor IdOtf^tl ID Aat theru might 
have be«n tn kndcnt tlueai u had been etated, 
a water eommnnleation across Aat tract of 
Muntryi His ftirther rewarches induced him 
to believe that Ae first Tyn was stttlated on 
Ae coutinentt and afterwards connected wIA 
the Illandl by cansewaya. That the greater 
part of the Iiland, on which stood tlie city whin 
besieged by AleUUder (that ou the peninsula 
having been destroyed by Nebuchadnesiar), 
was now under Wsteri ntberwiie it waa Im* 
poull^ to account for iu extent and popiila^. 
tion. In Ae lame manner Mr. Berton traced 
two InUnense tubmarine banks, atntdiEng on 
Ae norA and sou A, like two mighty arms Into 
Ae sM, Md MppMH them to have fiMfaied the 
grent hiAouit of Tyrd, where the nnmerMit 
testelsv enmed In her prodigious tialBei found 
adoonmodatlon and Adter. IT tfaeae can be 
pnnred to be artifielal. It will setUe AIs ques- 
tion I and Mrw Bertea pre y oe e a to mufwr a 
divliw<bell for Aat porpoeei No faucriptnne 
hare been l<Dund, but tonse ImmeUte bleekl of 
gray gianlte i and so perfteUy are all rematet 
of mighty Tyt% oUitaratad, that the propheoiea 
eoueening It W9 ftaUUlcd to the letter. Jt it 
iMwAf, and oonnef bt Jbamf / Mr. Catttr- 
moTe, Ae Mcretatr, Aen oHumenced ivading a 
paptt-, * On Ae Latin Veteione of Scripture 
npposed tote written by Dr. Wonley/ ma- 
tloued In Wood's '* A Aenensla.** 



Liiiunr AMD aciEXTirio u xETixaa 

roK THE EMsnina week. 
ITmmIm.— EBtaawlo«tal(AuilvMMr|).ar.n.| Roral 

TSaJbr.-ci*tt Etttincen, 9 
Waku^. -Swte^ of Arth 71 r^tt. 



Sttfi*ifOHSS. 

SAVDWICa ISLAHOB. 
<rroiB tha •• HawsUaa Spactator," No. L) 
"AToMw ^ ifte rmiarkaUa PAenmiena m (Atf 
Tidgt if tht SamdwiA I$hndt, of* tkg Jlh 
Utwmitrt 16S7. By T. Chas. Byde Rooke, 
F.B.C8. 

'*0v tiM evihlttg and night of the 7A Nov. 
a Moet remarkaUe oommotlon of the aea wu 
wltnemd ai Honolohi, In many reapects similar 
to that witnesked at Awe lalands In May 1819. 
One inch and a half of rain had Mten during 
the pravioua twenty.four hours ; the wind was 
fresh from the N.E. equally at intervals. The 
atmosphere Was deftr find cool. Therm. 74*6. 
The barometer had gmdually fUlnt during Aft 
Amr previoiie dayej but this evening had wain 
risen to 30*06, at ait ii*e)ock, when the alarm 
waa given that the aea was retiring. The flrat 
reoeaalon wea the greatest, something more 
than Hghl (eeti but being nnprcpared tomake 
(^Mervations at the moment, the exact fall was 
not nieanredt The reefk surrounding tbehai^ 
boor w«re left dry, and Ae flah aground were 
DMMly dead. The aea quickly returned, and 
In twenty^ght minntea Iwwhed the he^t of 
an ordinary nigh tide i scarcely lemalning bM> 
Uonary, It again receded and Mi six feet. 
This was npeated at intervals of-tweoty<eIgbt 
minuteii On Ae Aird rieiiy It was fbor 
Inches above ordfnair high-water naric, and 
Ml again six feet nnir InAes. After the 
fourth rising the length of time boeupled by 
the rite and fnll varied, and Ae rise and fall 
dimlhiahed gmriually bnt not regularly. At 
deven r.M. Ae Aermometer stood at 74 1 ba. 
rometer, 80-<M i wind fmhening and frequent 
shower* I Ae ebb now occupied twenty ml* 
nulee, nnd Ae ftow t«h. At eleftn, 80, It be. 
oame mim wiA constant rain. Therm. 73*0 ; 
bar. 80-Mi Ttie ebb nnd 6ow stlH continued 
occupying the same space of time, bnt the rise 
and fall decieasing. This enntinued during the 
forenoon of the 8th. Tlie rapMlty witli which 
the water felt varied In diSbrent partt of tbe 
harbevr. On the east aide, the gieateetra^dlty 
noticed was tlx Inches In a minute | bnt on Ae 
north, at one time during the AIrd recession, ii 
Ml twrive Indiot In thirty aeeonte At no time 
did Ae water rite higher than a common apring 
tids} bnt the fall waa about six feet below low- 
water matk. The same occurrence is related 
to have taken plaoe in IBl9, when Ae tide rose 
and fUl thirmn tfanae In tin space of a fbw 
honn» Ou nei Aer occasion waa there any per- 
ceptible tnotlen or trembling of the earth, or 
unusual appearance Of Ae atmoqiben. Since 
the above was written, dtstreerinffiiccmihU have 
been taoeived from Maul and Hawaii of tbe 
dam^ done to property and km of Ufe. On 
the leewari tide *t Maul, tbe eame rise and faH 
Wok plam u M HMiehilii| bat on Ae windward 
part oF the Muid, Ae m ntlred about twenty 
fkAomt and qait^y returned In one gigantic 
wave, sweeping ervry thing beftire It — houses, 
tnes, canoes, and every movaUe object nposed 
to Its furji At a lenll village called Kahidni, 
bi tbe district of Walhikn, m tbe tea retiring, 
tbe unaMd inhabitmu faUowed It m it re- 
ceded, eage rt y cauAIng Avettanded flA, Aout- 
ing and hanooing with pleasuiw, when sud- 
denly the sen rose perpendiculariy before thasn 
like a predpfoe, and, nuhlng to Ae beach, 
bnrisid the assembled muhitudes in Ae flood, 
and, overflowing the shore> swept away every 
honae in Ae village bnt one ; theoanoee and pro- 
perty of Ae natives wm illdmcpndtM^iyt 
owiiw tCAfitinitM^uoniMNttOra Peo- 
ple, bat two 11ns wm lost h«Mnt as tho 



60 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



fcame occurrence happened all along the sea-sida 
Wd iliaUjirobably hear of more deaths. 

At Byron's Bajr, on Hawaii, Ibe same phe- 
nomenoD took place. An nn Usual nnHiber of 
persons were collected together attending 
protracted meeting, consequently every house 
mas crowded. At half past six, the sea retired 
at the rate of four or fire knots an liour, re> 
ducing the soundings from five to tliree and a 
half fathoms at the anchorage, and leaving a 
great extent of the harbour dry. Hundreds 
of carious souls rushed down to witnaas the 
novelty, when a gigantic wave came roaring 
to the shore at the rate of six or eight knots an 
hour, rising twenty feet above high-water 
mark, and fell on the beach with a nirise re- 
sembling a heavy peal of thunder, burying the 
people in the flood, destroying houses, canoes, 
and fish-ponds, washing away the food and 
clothing of the inhaUtants, mga qoantitiai of 
animals, fire vood, and timber collected on the 
strand for sale. The cries of distress were hor- 
rible; thoseinthewater,unab)etoswImamong 
the wreck of houses and pieces of timber, 
■trailing for tbeir lives, and those on shore 
wailing for their friends and relatives. The 
British whale-sbip, Aamiral Cockbam, was at 
anchor in the bay, and to the timely aid and 
humaue exerUons of her master (Lawrence) 
and crew man^ are indebted for their lives ; 
hut for the assistance rendered by their boaU, 
many who were stunned and insensible would 
have been carried out to sea, and perished, as 
thenatives had not a single canoe left that would 
float. Every thing was destroyed t those who 
escaped with their Una had ndtber food nor 
raiment left* In Kuok^ta and Kaahda alone, 
sizty-siz houses were destroyed, and eleven 
persons lost their lives, four men, two women, 
and five children ; at Waiolama and Hauna, a 
woman and child were drowned ; at Kauwale, 
one woman lost her life. The amount of da- 
maga done haa not yet been aecertalned, nor .is 
It known how many times the aea roaa and 
fell. There was no shock of an earthquake 
felt at Hilo, or elsewhere, although it la asoar- 
tained that the volcano of Kihiuea was un- 
usually disturbed the previous evening, the 

fires were suddenly quenched, and yawning 
cliasme bunt open in previously tranquil 
places, accompanied with violent explosions. 
Inquiries have been made of maatera of Tea- 
sels who were to the north and to the east of 
the islands on the 7th, at various distan«s, 
but none of them noticed any thing unusual in 
the sea or atmoaptiere. That this apparent 
submarine volcanic action has talfeo plaos at 
some distance from the islands is proved by the 
wave striking the diflTermt isluida simulta- 
taneously and, apparently, in die same direc- 
tion; but at what distance we have no means, 
at present, of determining. Perhaps the inter, 
nal fires have found a new vent, which may be 
liying the foondation of a new group of Islands 
in our neighbourhood. It is now nineteen 
years and a half since a almilar ^enomenon 
oDcnned here, but not so violontly as the hut, 
nor was it attended with any loss of life. 
On the second day after, an affecting scene 
was witnessed at Wailuku (Maui). The 
bodies that had been recovered from the sea 
were conveyed together to the church, follow- 
ed by a great multitude; a funeral sennon was 
preached on the occasloa t this solemn warning 
made a deqi, and, it is to be hi^, a lasting 
impression mi those who witnened it of the 
uncertain tenure by which we hold our lives." 
— [We have copi«I the foregoing from the 
Ctfhn Chronkk—EtL L. G.] 



VARIBTIB8. 

SrUiab Attoeiation.-^On settling the ac- 
counts of the British Association at Newcastle, 
notwithstanding the liberal and handsome man- 
ner in whicli the whole was conducted, the 
local committee found a balance of 187/.4<. 1 Id. 
out of 4563L If. lOd. receipts I and it was 
agreed, that 100/. should be given towards the 
purchase of a valuable collection of shells, and 
the remainder to be divided between the LI-' 
terary and Philosophical Sodety, Natural His- 
tory Society, Metdtanics* Institute, Medical 
School, and the Society for the Promotion of 
the FineArtr. 

Thg FiatArU, — Oax last page gives the 
first intimaUon we have seen, of the production 
of (me picture at least, if not of several more 
distinctly connected with it( which may indeed 
be deemed of great national importance. The 
room in which the banquet in commemoration 
of immortal Waterloo is given, every thing on 
the table, every accessory, is, as it were, a part 
of the principM event ; and then the glorious 
actert themselves, Wellington and h& pala 
dins ! What Briton but would long to posseu 
a faithful resemblance of the place aud of 
them ? Mr. Moon's good fortune in obtaining 
access to such a subject is much to be envied ; 
and yet It is a pleasure to rely on his acknow- 
ledged skill, exertion, and liberality, for an 
engraving which will do it justice, and reflect 
honour upon our School of Ana. 

Mori and LindUy^t Quarlelt Coneertg we 
are {^ad to see announced to commence the 
musical season. Their classical character is a 
great chann, and of much value as a corrective 
to our rather vagrant school, as well as pleas- 
ing to thoaa who attend them. 

rtffttrinf— On New Year'a mornlDg an 
eruption of Veauviaa took place, whidi at one 
time threatened Na^es ; but the wind shifting, 
the smoke and ashes were fortunatdy borne to 
the shores of Portici. On the 2d, detonations 
were beard, and the earth was tremulous under 
feet. The phen<Nnena continued for another 
day or two, with conuderabla violence and dan- 
gerous aspects ; but, except fears from the fiery 
glowing of the mountain, the invasion of Na- 
ples with dnder-ahowers, and periods of ex- 
treme darkness, no harm was don^. 

Saenet in the £atf. -~ Captain Wade, poli- 
tical agent at Loodianah, lus submitted the 
subject of a sdentific committee to accom- 
pany the field army in AfiFghanistan, to Lord 
Auckland. 

The Woaiher Guide (London, Longman and 
Co.; Tilt; Ipswich, Pawsey) is a very good 
and useful index to the barometer through 
every month id the year. It is on Uia face of a 
sheet of card-board, of a very oonvenilmt si«e 
for reference, as the eye Teadily takoi In the 
whole distinctiy at a glance. 

PntWt TtaveUiHg ComptnUum.— At a 
friend to useful inventimis and improvements, 
and having tried this exoellentiy arranged con- 
veniency during a pretty long tour, aud over 
pretty wild and rough roads, our traveling 
friends will thank us for telling tiiem there is 
such a thing patented, which will save them 
much trouble, and add greatly to tbeircomfoita 
in trawiiu. What we liked much, was not 
merely the conveniency for the arrangement of 
necessaries, but those for papers, &.c &c. 

Himj/wriHc Language. Himyar and Ophir 

(says our learned correspondent Mr. Qoodhugh)) 
mean r«f. Edom Is the Hebrew word for red; 
and it is a singular coincidence, that the Egypt- 
ians are always panted red in the tombs. It 
[qottre, Bipiytr ? tit, G.] alw meiiu a mat «■ 



The lait Cab Cammdmm. — Why are the 
hackney-oeadi drivers, cabmen, &o. now much 
better off than ever P Because tiiey Iiave al- 
ways got a ptttie Iff WitOet btfart them I 



R«nilnUc«ncci of Puii, Politics!, Litnarr, and Adk- 
dotiod, for the IsM Toeoty Ymm. an nuKMmccd b* 
J. W. Lake, wbow literarr taknU and oppottuDlUaa for 
ohaervatioii, «e need hard!* noUce. an o( a vtrv UmIi 

order. 

Mr. Bant anDOuneai Om Ixndoa Catalogue OT Book^ 
thoRM^T miMd, onectad. and bnm^i down to D*. 
caroWlSSS, whIdi will oontaln upwanU nf eOOOaddltieaal 
new wor k s shw the pubUcsUoo of the Catalofiw fa IBM- 
LIST OF vEw aooxs. 

Dr. Hodpai's Medical OlcUonary, 7tli adlL reviaed, 
comctcd. and cnlargad, by K- Gnuit, M.D. I vol. thick 
8VO. ao*.— Tba PtaUoaophy of tbe Uuinaa Hind, bv 
J. Douglai, l)«o. Qc— Sermoat, Parodilal and Famiiy, bv 
the Rev. J. Calthrop. S volt. avo. Slt. — Emlgradoa 
Fialda. by P. Hatthaw, poat Srn. 3*. C. lladann'a 
Skeub of the Geology of Fife and Ibe Lothlani. Itoo, 
7f. 6d.— Voutw Oentlemeo of the Nlnataentb Century, 
fquare. Si^TEe Cvirancy, Iti lolluaaca on the Trade ot 
the Country, by J. Hariey, Bra. St.— Rofaartaon't Letten 
oa hnguay. Vol III. (^anda'i Rain tif Tanor), poat 
8tro. 10*. 6il.~TlM LltUe Book of Knoi^adfe, mumv, 
a§, (T.r.-F%:iir)ilt afQtokm, l^na.Tt^TttiJEaaamaf at 
VtaetMicn. Bi^—fMn Dl^DHnstdi the CbMcb 

CtiMfiimi. \if the Rpv. W. HulchlDMA, Bra. lib. to. — 
Miiii-"l"m=i'i i^iiuriin Syitrm. S vaU. Ho. Bf. Ibv— The 
iif I'aiaiDg. W«flfr*. 4c., by F. Edwarti, ISma. 6#.— 
G^itrnft CirmpoDidepct a Child. 3 Tab. pOatBvo. 

Wiill^iL'c, :iL'ii](., l>. r^.—]--i,ry T^lw la faWy pqilHi^ 

St, ui.— Liiiiirci 1(1 I'DglUh iiiiioryt by fl^ ^edt, Sd 
edlL lirn.i. 4i — Eliaigry of diirarliJi, by A. Fortiw. 
Willi I'lire*, Bvt>. 1 4>.— smtitlfi, (if ihp toUmira of (lie 
BiJiijh F.mpjre, hy K. Moni|;niiiL>ry Mnitlii, l^^'l. 
8vn. tSi.— Thf Haiid HiviK f.ii AimnillWI Kii>lf;tnnt>. lif 
S. liutlLT. I'liii... L-i. i-.(._S(.T.iTbv'* (AiHrliL.li^JCil Ma- 
nuaJ, liv.i Tairt iImhe (he 'MriMDj.')- •■\ Cmxe 

and Komi, by i'ctiiT Parley, »i|uajii, -ir- CJ — l^iHerii lii 
MoEhien, by Siiu. Sljnimfv, m pVi. .tjrp->. Ji — Li|;,-hii 
sad Sbsdowl Of SOJUlilv Llff. new i-hi. f.i-.H'i'. t-i.~ 
Lib ot MhhIi Wsuch. aiw «diL Ixip, S>v— Lwnd and 
RonHOca, Aftf" - ■ 

WooUmisv,! vris. *u. ' 



HETflOROLOOIOAL JOVKNAL, 1M». 

Jamnty, 
Thnndsy.. W 
Friday ■-.11 
Saturday • ■ IB 
Sunday 13 
Monday U 
Tuesday --li 
Wedneeday 10 
Wind*, S.W. and N.W. 



Fnm Si to 40 

.... X to 

.... 44 •■ SO 

.... 33 .. S3 

.... » .. 4ft 

.... 38 .. 4S 

.... 17 .. 3B 



Barwmffr. 
30tS to 3D>lt 

aim .. 29-99 

30-DI aihlS 
!9-97 " «9-90 

»« .. sj-yi 
S»74 S»«l 
29-8S statioaarr 



Except tha Itth, I3th, and foUowinff day. gaeoMf 
dcarj rabionlballchawlUlbt a little now fdl on tbe 

l«tb. 

A floe auroft botealla. wltb conucstloai, frotn ibout 
balf.aart aafen to half-paat etgbt, oa tbe mnlni of 

MgpSay, the llth. ^ 
Rain niton, *137S of an Inch. 



Janmni. 
Thunday.. 17 
Friday — IV 
Saturday • > 19 
Sunday. ■.. 20 
Monday .. XI 
Tueaday 



83 .. 


39 


XI ■■ 


45 


» .. 


43 


40 .. 


53 


S9 


40 


30 


41 



Thmnometer. Uaromeitr. 
From SS to 37 894B to 30-00 
30-04 .. 3(H)1 

S9«) !97B 
Sg-ra t9-79 

sg-ss .. ao4B 

Wcdneedsy 93 30 41 9MB 3lh46 

Windi, N.W. and S.W. 

Esc^t the 171b, IBtb, and Sid, generally cloudy t rain 
oa the mocniiv of tbe 19th. and two followlm dqfs t a 
little mow ftoil on the evening ai tbe SM. 

An aurora borcalla, very bn^t, with caniMatkni, ea- 
tendins ftoni N. to N.W. Rota abimtdaht to ten oa the 
eveDlnaof tbe l&tb. 
Ralnfallea. •sSoCaa inch. 

CBAatBS Hiirar Abahs. 



TO OOMLBBVOWBnrXB. 

We can only thank L. c. c R.- 

We arc so iculved wlnatniircrtng the lamsnttd death 
of L. EL L. 10 be nade the sulject oT poitrv in our 
coturana, (bat «• mUit nAiM splacc evan to the Dtmitlf^ 
tribuw of Haiy Attn BnwB, E. Burton, and other (wtct 
wrltcrt. 

We have to ackoowledfe the ■' West of England New 
Uagaalne," No. L wbkh aeenu to be a various and amu*- 
iBg miaccUany, and one bkdy to dm Mt the taint of 

our weitctn contemponrics. hewto ft ircao tatUt la Ul*. 

rature and tbe arts. 

WewlUcndeavour to procure the Informatloti 30ti|rtit 
by ■■ F. C. H." 

We muatJBe the work to arhidii" ^Sidaqifaac V teCen. 

It ii quite Siigiiaec)iHbcftie3^^ 
sBwwsilte and BBBMnuBtttpsodBtttBaaCfcy kind. 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



ADVBRTISEHEHTSf 

CbnwelMf with Liltralwt and th* Artt. 

THE MODEL of the BATTLE of 
ITATSRLOOIiMV aw tm •ihlMlloa ml th* Bn?>Iu> 

Omb Mb Tn Itt th* Usnlaa •■•>! NlM In lb* B*tBlngj 
• vitfcmi lalcralHlad. 

B,OM8hUllB(MBll. 



PRIVATE TUTOR — A Clefifrynian, for 
aoaa mn TaM to ■ Nsbtmn. and tabw^unllj 
imiHlil Sim Aplta M* U* HaaM. a tMdmU dlMM* IVoo 

tm. wmtm llBiilNm ■ awl* may mww 



C^li^ aUNMai M Ik- B^. J- C. C, (Mm. BMptaa 
C„,. MmiMT «1U ka tewaiM (a Uau 



CURTIS'S MAP of the ANATOMY at 
a* UK, villi dH rdidfal Mwm lad B H »d.f ili, 

S. Cnrtu's Chun ot the Plw iM (tf the Ekr, 

-ttk aiab CUM. Or4w. HMt, ■jar>MH> CWM. alTMIMM. 
T— I .On— ,BCTW,0t«iBi»a*li*1w— • 



OX) ADVERTISERS The Stamp Office 

1 Batm. Ite th! Tm aXiof tt* Jn>«»*" la^, 
•W« IkU ika NraWr of Sump* tappllad (• U* " NnraaMla 
CkwaMla.' «mflH thai U»,«u iti/M), bdn« an awafa of 
^Ca«<wteaMbr>bUEall«i, amdmpn Wwk aba** Dial of 
•M aS* NovMHC pnWlalMd la lb* fear Noc^ani CaantlM. 
TW - MnaMU Cbr^Ia" elMulaWa.lB lb? T»" 

fTfM, ami tlx Cannllai af NonbinabarUad and 



NBW MOSIC. 
jBit pmbllibal, ■l«|uU] bound la datb. Vol. lit. af m mow 

T^HE VOCAL MELODIES of SCOT 

Bdll^ bi FlKbAT DON aad JOHN TEIOUaON. 
Tb« Walk U b* complnad In Po«t Valmnat. 
TmbUtbtd bj faUriao and Bsi, at Ihili Mmilo Haloaa, 
tJ OMrga Ua—t, Edlnbarib. 
Patonon and Roi bar* ibs baainiT ts aaDninea, tbat not 
Majwij QBoan VlataHa baa dtrirad ao nocb cntlflcatloB hoa) ■ 
pwBUl of lb* ma dm lolanua ot ib* mw adltlM of tbair 
•^ocal UttiMllw af Hsallaiul.' thai (ho ba* b*«n fraclooali 
■Ifuod. tbraagb hoi UbraiUa, M oaanaand m ooaplM* oopj of 
tb* votk for lb« Bojal Ubrarjr at WlwUot. 

Advt fHmwunt* 

Patonos and Bar b«f to tbaak Um Mbaarlbon and tha pahllo 
far tboir kind palratiasi ofthli work, Tbtj now aaasBnc* tba 
paUlomllaB of lha Thbd Volami, whlab. thof ttmt, «lll ai 
Iba fafMumbU oipaciailoai vblch th* iiiee*l> of Ibo li 

In lb* praaant lolamt will ba feaad, b«*M*l lb* SUndard 
U*iodln, manj hItboM UHbllibad, vbkb. h*w«TW. ban 
b*m abtalBrtbaa aatb*Mle*a«ic*il aadaarMl ■iBlnaiaongi. 
bilbaoalobratadBilu.andothtMafomUHBO*. 

TbaHannnujbabadacpanulTi and alia aatectlnu b*« tba 
TolDMcanbaBadoapuamltlhataMoaftb* pnMbaaa*. 

Said b* Cacka t>l Co-MFiiBca* Huaat, KanovM Bflmni Dta 
mod Ho^aon. Omtnd Straoti and OUIvltr, Bond SlMM.LMdaa] 
wlwtaniHb«ladVali.I.ndll.«rtb**aa*«ofb. 

Tba Thn* Volnnn «UI ten a ipiMM Now Twi't Qlfl- 

UMmX*, AWHOtr UN. 

BOOKS IN THE PRESS. 

In a r*v dan, mU ■> o^ 

DOMESTIC SCENESin RUSSIA; la • 
Hailaa a(Latl*n,d«aalUMBTMtHBMldmMlallM 

CimnlrjiCbloflrlnlbalBtotla*. „ 

B* ika H**. B. LHTSa VINAB1.U. 1I.A. 
JdM Konmy, Albnwl* BunM. 



0«lk*nMta*IMt,N*.IV.«r 

HEADS of the PEOPLE : taken off by 
Kanay Ucadowa (QaliaaM), and •nnaftd hj Onlo 
Haltb. CanlalalBg Ik* MMIhlf MntM. lb* JknotkMar, lfa» 
Landlady, and th*ParianiOntot,«llh LoMamaa DfwtMlw. 
Tb* lbll*«lD> dlaUngnlifatd VrtlaM art wmmw iba eanuUmUn 
la Ihll p*Tt*dlCBl:— 



■ p*Tt* 

Lmman lUaiHkaid 
X. UbatlMd 
AlftadCmVdU 



Sdwwd Hovaid 
I.«lfh Hnnl 
DoHlMJmaU 



Klmiad 
L*naa Eod* 
Canal ioi Wabba 
ChariaaWbitabMid. 



iMdM: B.Tiw,MCb*Bptfdis J.Man^Edlnbmith: 
Hacbn mod C» DnUIn- 



IlMllw III MMlf mml rmonloBi. mnd a*n**qa«nUr ■nam' 

MESSRS. LONGMAN and CO.'i 
jUINUAL KHOOL CATALOpUB o-" 
tM-m -ani l-»*rta.l A — i—t aq aala *f »*• Woika U pn- 
itUA nuT b* HMntltoad an (iMDilta iailaa af 
* ' « la BOW roadf. 



Mo« 



R 



b4t. prtM, Frtali, M^al M- Ifc t India Fnafl, tait* 
|iBM.na.] andpUln Tn«A, lb.. Fait XI. of 

YaTX'S POBTRAITB of EMINENT 

CONSBRVATlTBSMdSTATBSUBN. 

n ivIondtdlT •mimad Pattnil and m BtofrafblMl 

HlaOnaalknOUXBrfBUTLAND 

•fbn Hl«bt Hon. LOBD BBXLBT. 
rnf ---' br R. Bf l*j and C*. ■ BmMt StiwM, WmUcUe 
aa<JaiuaPiH«t,>ISB*|*atSut*t. 



TM* day It Pabllibad. 
FrtttT-H bj •mprau p«nnla>l«n, and uadailtat lana^aU 

17INBi^**PESIALE''^OBTR3jTS of 

S* dM COOBT of QUEEN VICTORIA. 

rarlV.*a.lalBl-|- 
Tb« Dnchaaa *f Raikai|hbt 
Th* Vlaana l wa Canning, 
ThnlaMLadir Jebn RmMill. 
u. riaift T"- •'• Plain FraaA. fblla, IM. Ptlnta,lto. 
LiSia ' VaiSSad H tk* F i apiUlnri. at Kb*, llland ». »»otb. 
— — gaiin Bonai*: faldalBa bf Aakanwnn and C*, 
m^^mAtimim tnSu, m B*(a>i 8ii**ii Bfl*y'aBd Co. 
a awwi Biiial. .and br troj napacmbt* BMktMlai ba Ik* 



InaCaai.pttetTi-d'. 

DRAWING for VOUNO CHILDREN; 
liawliWn* 130 Diawinf Copla* pibiiad an CMdt, wUh 
BMMaw ii FM laM. and Obaauana fax ih« T aaa bai. 

Bj lha laM Aalhor. 

Arithmetlo for Yoong Children; being a 

a<alM RaaMlaaa, aunpll^lsc Ik* Maunar Id wblab Ailth- 
»j ^ Tmn^t I* Y*oBf CbUdm. Frio* li, W. 
And, 

Exerdaee twc the ImprOTomeDt of the SeoMi, 

iChailMlCni|ktiaiCa.aLBd|aM8(N*t. 



Naarti raadr, Ira. 

THE AGAMEMNON of ^SCHYLUS. 
A DO adltlMi of Iho T*sl. wllh BdiIIOi Naiai, Critical, 
BnpIanaurj.aadPbllolaclcalt Daalfnad fbr tb* Van afBMdanli 

In lh*tJnl»nlilia. „ , 

Bi lb* R«T. THOMAS WILLIAUilON PXILE, IC.A. 
Haoloi Fallow and Tatar Id ihO Datiaialli af DnthaBi II*. 
hrnalf PcUaw sfTrinltj Collas*. Cambthli*, 
Jahn Unnaj, Albamwl* 8ti**l. 



OLD SHGLISH POET.4. 
Onth* lilof F^uarj wltlb*pBbllib*d,Pait I. prie*1>. af 

EDMUND SPENSER'S WORKS, 
«Bb*tU*b«d with a bl^lj flnlibad Fartnll, «ani»Dc- 
iDgaMriaaofouault KnsUdi PD*ti, Mb* sondDuad liaufcl]. 
Innnlln. oaUbmi with Ibalaai •dlU*a af B;ra«*i Worki. 
Wallat Bplan, N*w Bponlns Magaiin* omca, >W UmfoidSu**!. 



vn 

w 



On tb* lu *f Pabiuari, lapoitSTO. clolh,H)c* Ittt.M- 

"OMAN PHYSIOLOGICALLY CON- 

BIDBBBOiwUb ragaid U Mtadt HmK llHII*|*, 



KalilBMriUlnU*i|iU,«ndIM<«nM. 

Br ALRXAHfiBB VALKBR. Baq. 
"Pnoitbf afnangaal Maraad. f nH'd, 
VlMlM VMS wtaai, and mmr* aft «kH> ti(ht 



I A.H.BtUr«irfCa.aC*mhiU. 



agtm. 



LORD BBOUOBAH-B NBit VOLUHKS. 
OnTbnradaj aail, Inl Tda.paaiaro. lb. bannd, 

T^ISSERTATIONS on SUBJECTS of 

IJ BCtBNGB CONNBCTBD wlib NATUHAb THBO. 
LOOTi baiBalb*CanolBtlaB*IVal«^" Natatal Thaotagj." 
' Jlliuualad bTHSmiY LOftD BROUOHAM. 
Lowlgn i Cbulta KDl|bi and Co. It Ludcmt* BUnM- 



BALL'S UBAPHIC LIBRAHY FOR OOUEBTIC 
INBTRUCTION. 
On th* Mth or Jannan will bapnblUhad, Pari I^rta* H.W.at 

''pHE LIFE of CHRIST ILLUSTRATED. 

1. Tk*uxlwlll«anilil*rih*warda of Ib* aaiboilHd o*!* 
•Ion af th> Baercd Namll**. wlih a a*aua*niarx of lb* ohaloaat 
and ntNl baanltfal paaaaMa nlwitad fraia tb* wriUanof aboBI 
an* banditd cal*bnt*d iMtlnMi and lb* Cau, t*b*n ttom tba 
ana tax woffea of thaaoslani and modna Inaat•T^ will ba drawn, 
•Btrand.aBdprlatad Id tb*hlabtitujl*«fa(t. Tkaoanplal* 
work will o*BIBlE allbU-fbar BnnatlBfa: tbtnj-Hs rapnwnt> 
Id* lha «ud teddanli of " tba tlB^," and farli.alf ht. hand and 
lafi-ploo**. " Tba Lib of Cbiiat Illuitraud' will ihui, foi Ik* 
drat Una, Maoolal* lb* nablaat pradaotMu of flna ail with tho 
bri(bt«M(*m**rBaoi*dUt«ratan,Bad tagaihaf form afanllf 
boo\,*o>lir^£f<MlfW ■k*dM«[BrmM*>t>i* claaM,a>daw 
•Ick abanbar at Iba CkriMlan. . . 

Ta bt aaavliHd In Os paiu, CaimiBi ana kaadMM aalBM 

Conlanu af Pavt I. 
Tba Eiallallap af Cbilat. 
1. Th* Adaitlian of tba 8h*^*ida and of lb* Wlia Hmi 
t. Jnna haaaand bj Haam and Sanbi >■ Tb* TiaaiBaBia- 
tlani d. JawM awililwa* aa tk* Klag Mwila h at JawaJngi 
». Uaadih lUtlflad at tba BadatK a( lha Oauilaii ft Tb* 
iUaanacUao tad AatH™ afCbrW. 



MUSIC. 

la I la>M T*l. 4ta. pp. 4M, pile* It. U. oaironn wllk tb* Fnbll**- 
*^ oSii .f £^BaJi!alTa*aMl MBtlla-d OIbW, 

4NCIBNT SCOTTISH MELODIES, 
fTM s Maanacalpt of th* R*lcn af Kini Jamaa VI. 
Mi lamdarlafj laftiln. Itloiuatlta af tba BMair af tb* 



a* WILLIAM OAUNBr, Ba«.F.«.A. Bcallaad. 

« Wa MB b»w t* aa antkamU Batlaaal a*llaailia *f a 
iiaiwtinl; aarir Uu, M wblab a nnmbai af oar BoaMak 
■tiadtaa an labafcMd,aadaw^ib*a*i«B**f thotowhloh 
baa* lilt ■IIT I [-T— "T-^-*— ' and wblab tnk«n naMalad, 
ai •< I> am a Hta an mine In Ui.n ifcai aadar 

wMbA*) «ap«palaBt«bn*wn. • • • Tba ptalMlauT 

II Ill la vdtlta vlib anah aaaa and tltgaBC*. aad wlib 

a«M Jifi- -■ and laaniln|."-B(ael»*a'( Jlaiaalar. 

•• li la a pTBdncHoB af (laai ItanUc and raaaaiah, aat*rin( 
woBfalli and dtaplf into lha inUMt (baa aaj aibti oaaat 
•a aacMBi and BaatUibMBUe and mbk that baaappaand. • • • 
M« aan ihtankaMidoaM thai It (tk* c*licctlaB] la won an- 
^m^ m .. I III atlaaa^ Ibay aw| alb*. B*llaaUa«4loaMtoh 



Lhi af Bagntii«t M Fan I. 

1. AdeiaUanofibsSbapbaida Spafnolitla. 

S. Annnndaiton aad CnwldsloB (Ona- 

mvtalHaad.pMet) Baigaaal. 

S. NtUillfi laltMLallarA Sariaaal. 

«. JabnpioolatBla«lh*H*MUh Oaaibaak. 

0. Eiinc'llit IfalSaW [BtM.pHoat Sagban. 

a, TiLrhidiDiailBa Owhack. 

7. naniMM 4aatflaad.plni| i B ^k M. 

■. Cbrlirt pabllc lato lata Jaii ml iM .. Otatback. 
p. B..ina]TMtim>t(lMd | ia t »J itglMat. 



huUdMhnw 
j^BjBaad^iac*). 



1*. Ctclil irtri 
11, B>>°i'i»i'^ -- . 
11. RfiorriTiMa ■(CbiUK 

IS. Ani<l|IUul'H*»< ' 
14. Ralnialax Aurirri 
LtDdBD-: WilJiikUi li< 



OBlda. 
Oaldo. 
Vandtba. 

agnail*. 

I'b .... Caaaa*. 
I'aunuaiai Bow. 



In abw dati. In 1 toI. Bto. cloth, lIlaatTittd Ij nnMToat Ka< 
aravlnn (lam tb* oilgtaal Drawlap, and af luoilpUaB* baai 
tbcXalaiofrtnafolli.Aa.Ac. _ 

\TEMOIRS on the RUINS of BABYLON. 

IVi. Bt Ibo lalaCLAODlUB JAHB8 RICH. Eiq. 
Tho Uaa. Baai India Cenpaar'a Kaaidont al Budad, 
A naw odltlaa, with an Introduction and Notai. To which Ii 
, now fln4_pnbllihail, a Joninal of hli Tour la ParaapolU. 
landaa: OoncaBand llalcalm,n FaMaBotlarRow. 



BOOKS PUBLISHED THIS DAY. 

MOBNINOB AT BOW BTRBBT. 
In 1 handaama tbI. Letf tto. arabotUibad wllh U CbH hj 
Cinlkihank, In, prlo* It. bound tn olalha 

r[E MORNINGS at BOW STREET; a 
BalaeUea afiha DMat Havoioa* and BatatlaliUag Bi^«l* 
hmn appaaitd In iha " Moraln* Uarald." 
BjJ. vnoHf. 
Baw Slitit RmwtaT t* th* " Bvald." 
Tha «lh adlllon. 
iMdani FrinladfbtTbomaiTtH. 7SCb*ap«kl*j and 
iold ij all olbM^ Baai m ltn. 



Ob th* lal of r*bnin, H 
•vbtlUabad wllh bpaTlBgi, 
Pail I. af 



I, will b* paMiihad, prloo ti. dd. 

b* «a«(lBBad Manlblj 



VEGETABLE ORGANOGRAPHY; or, 
an Aaalttleal Datwja W an af th* Onaaa afPlaalt. 

Tianalatad bj Baaiblan Klagdan. 
II will b* prinMd with • il*ai, bald Ijp*, tn nn taptrtar paMT, 
and aaeh put nBbalKihad with two oi aaora pfaiai. Il vlll ba 
oaaplatadla tlaitan pant, fannlnff two tbKh mti h aaJi«a 
ralamaa. and will ht lb* aaaat coupnbMalit and pfaaikatlT 
naafal wwk that bai •>*i vpaand In ih« Bagllih languag* oa 
hi* btanob af lb* BdtBO*. 
Laadaa: Honliton and Btonatnao, dS Palarnaatai Bawi aad 
Haalalsn aad Hagbaa, IMBtrand. 



TBI TWELFTH YEAR. 

BENT'S LISTS of NEW BOOKS and 
BNORAVINQB pBbllahtd darinf Iba Taar IM, wiik 
lh*b SlM* and Pitaat, map ba ba4 wUb Iba Jaaaan NaabMV 
bi ina, at " B*BI't Litaiarr Adtamaa," pila* U. Td. ilamp a d 

*t**Tb* abat* LUt* ar* sonpUad aannallj rrom "Bnrt 
Moathlj Llttiaij Ad.ailUai" (aataWUhad In laoi), labl^la 

IpaUlakad aa tb* lotb dajr of Mttp Manlb. aarf aappUad M 
intbait In tfca Caannp bj all Baakatltom aad MtwtaMa, pilaaBh 
pti aaaaMt ptBlMB haa. _ 



WORKS or OBNBRAL INTBRBST, PUBUSBED 
wuiuu^r rRBBBMT M&NTB, 

Bj Iiiftiia, OiMt aad Co. 

t. 

A SPLENDID EDITION of MOORE'S 
LALLA ROOKH.baantlhllj lllulralad with Tblitaon 
biKhIr Balabad EagtadBfa. I toI. jroral •>*. baand In fancjr 
•loib, laiHftd, with onamcBlal gliding, prica Ona Qalnta. 

THE POETICAL WORKS of LETITIA 
BLIZABBTH LANOOir. Wllh Fattrall bp WClUa, 
and ttar oihac lUaMiallMM hg Bavaid. Jw. fflcaM*, Utkmr 
d«tb,ltU«nd. 

THE BOY'S COUNTRY BOOK; beinf; 
th* laal Lih ota CoBntej Bar, wHMan bp HtMHrtf ; *l- 
hlbttlng 111 Ih* AnaaaaMBLh Flaaiant,aBd Faianllt afCbildnn 

Uf* of BHlaad." Ac r-*f Bia. wllh abaia « Waalnli, bp 
B. WUllanu, b. alolb. 

■I A 4tUgbtfal hB*fc — lUI at a^ttfMBl bm lafannMlaM, 
BBaedoi* tBdadiaatara.iaabaabait Uba.tatd In a MmI* aod 
fcaaiip war. at aM icbailUlav waaM Ulk i* mtAm.'~- 

m 

T7EHALE IMPROVEBIENT. Bf Mr«. 

Tnha Ittadftri Bd adillaa. 1 vol. Ccap Bra. pilea 7). M. 
•lalb lilland. 

Bp th* nm* AnthortM, 

Woman In her Social aod DtnnMtio Cbarac> 

tai. Hb*dlll«B, f.capaia.b. elaih. 

W* oentd wllh ts laa Uiaaa uaafal (olnma* In Ih* bandi of 
•**Tjp*aBg Idjoa bar laattngacbooL"— EBaiv'''cat Mogaator. 

THE HUGUENOT^: a Tale of the Frencli 
Pretonaau. Bp O. P. R. Jaoaaa, Baq. Siola. pettSvo. 

II. 111. W. 

••Wo ■*! taMr pMMBBO* • Th* HmgaanM'lb* maal ilart- 
llag. Tlgann^ and caiafBlly alab«atad of Mi- Janua't wttta of 
dctlga/'— HffniiMHtoB CnumtHn Jtvrml, 

T OVE'S EXCHANGE: a Tale. BjCharlcB 

I a J.BoaltiBaa. S*ab.potiBtB. U. lU.*d. 

' IW* Blobaaga' tbwJa nnwb oritBcfHon anaa tb* 
watM. ar raAar bp*b th* V*<'M*J^>*<!^^ rl-fW".* f** 

Iba \mr»n and wanblM 




63 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



THE works'^ WILLIAM PALEV, 
D, a 1 aad U A*M«M •# tta Ltfc ImI WriUafi aC llN 

AMhw. ^ KDHUIfD riLtr. A-W. 

AU^«» MlUoat •rllu MtavtM 
1. Natord Theology, firo. fit. Uo. 
3. Eridoom of ChrlstlanItT, Bro. 0$. bdi. 
int. 

3. Horn PRuUnn ; or, the Troth of the 

B<rlpl«MUIilanef9l-7wltiiBaad> ■*«. St. Ml- IW. 

udCa-i Batahardand Hani KKIniwiwi Wbliutn and 0*.j 
HwallMHUidCa.; tliapkln, M»t>h*lli»d t)a.i ftwltb, KMm. 
■•d t;«l E. HjNlf*M| l>«U*>u Hocktai TwlMMMt Wub- 



H 



ILL Mid VALLtYi or, Houn Id 

XaalMd ud WiIm. 

CATHBRINI I 
«i*k ft > (Mtd •'■•Mlt •» 



IINCf-Aia. 

Tlia«irtfi>(lMdirs*M]tw«l«m<rllf.rf*Vnrd nd dfe- 
CTl m I nallnit oUnn ilM •( uw* ud mmmm*.*— (mIIM tn t r i im, 
•• Th« wbaJi aoik Hwnki ■ ttMlibji r*rlU*i Md polltlwd 
inirllHt''— Aatw^y 'm*. 

H« urU !• chMr4BiirUII« ariM* Blai— U«Mpiml,Tl4>*>>> 
■Bd itwtti."—CI>riMtm InMrrttf. 

•• Tba pHMM wart li aiiiiplT K Mr In Wilw. od anHVirdi 
!■ iMu* puu af Kailaodi vbtrain tti* aBihu daicilbM U>a 
BlacMihabM (lilWd ta ■ mtI** rfrtmllUi Ktun. vrHtn «lib 
mat eiawvHi utd Utt* : u>4 > IT»«IUa|t CMBfaoUn |aMi «i «d 
of lOBTa iMd tMIlBB piMHat qualliMiUai ibw UIm 
V. HlaeUlr.tMld tMlj ht (Mmd fc( R IMT i* W*1m, •«( hill 
MKl rallH. Har famur paMMflMf nwt «liti dnwTid 
•aceaMiand tenfj l—tmn atmti mn In lb* noil anvaaM* 
nuuat. Wlih * Mltdllf af 7nlvtHia(llo|. lhaf eavblaa an 
aaaUwM af eaafamusn aad llraliBM af lllaaballoa, diavn 
ttvn much lailaDi raadlpf , which raodaia ibaaa a* ^aaaani 
U>« ara l«mcil>a, aad «e laka lU> «w(HnlV afcardiallir n- 
aa—aadhw Ikam ta A* paMla, and ftUtalult M daWi» H « 

Hodem Aeeompliibitwiiti ; or, tht MvA of 

laWlaal. 



illaal. >f CallMliw (Uailalr. 
Wm hat* baw b%hl7 plaaaad wUb i 



Of — I wa.aad 4a^j 
aa!baMdb>«MMMnaa(Ui aadva tkaM (kMtUMMMMf 
raad, Iku U U Mlvud M ba asw«l>al| mmtM.-~OMI»m 

liuiradn, 

III. 

Fifth TbaoMDl, T(. 

Modem SocietT i or, the Mar^ ofliitellect. 

Tba CaMla»la« at- Hadara AnMnplUhBcau.- 
"tomm ariha ifUiJlMNt oMraMMtlaa* n^nd aa iiraamlj 
artlu igaMtafat *I(U all afWUaa.-~*»ft^|i B—mt 

•• Tba dlalma li raMalaid with MWrkaMa Tlmr aad «pl>H, 
anri alTaa tMlMnl praof af a nlad mM airi| vairntaUtad.bat 
hiahrf cDliliaMd-'-acaMM OMrAaa. 

lUllnbaTfbi WUUanWhjttaadOa. UmImi Leagnaa. 
Oraw.aDdCa. 



Prlaa lit. aalj. covplata la aaa ralaB*, Bra. vllb a Peraall b; 
Daaii a aaw adlUoa of 

«HE PLAVS of WILLIAII SHAK- 

SPIRB. aacarawlf prlawd tnta lha T*U af Iba 



eonaetad Uspiaa, Wt hj Ih* lata Oaoi|* auanai, b^.. aad 
Bdnad Hflaaa. Su. Wlib a Hkatcb at uTuft. aad a 

01 



a, haldvla 

|M| J, r. >«|, llMnlkaw aad Oa.! J. P— 
takarWll»i H*''i(aB<l Uwdi HIMkla Ca.! Allni 
aad Ca.; daiiih, bJx, aad 0»| Oawta, JalUMd. nd Ca. | 1. 
Do^dLDKi It- HWAHa — - - 
CtF«; Jl. a- Bataf T. _ 
M>i-.tJj H. MTaikbatoai 

Lilalj labbbbrd, 
A New Edition, Id 8 vols. 8to. with Notei, 
wtaaiad bf lha lata Alauadar OtialaMn, Em- prlaa U. It*, la 
baafdi. 



H, aad 0»i Oawta , J Ul aad. aad v. i J. 
aai M. Daytoi J. HaamiJ. Mai J- 
r. Bmmi h. Haafclai «. Oaanat J- 



SALLuSTh CBI8PI de CATALIN* 

\J' CONiUtlATIONS daaaa BRLLO JUOUKTHINO 
LIBKI. Cad.MrlpU* rtmal laipfautaqaaqaadnulauABifllai 
Cdlallh ttcaBMOl, al^aa adnaUUsBlbBl IlluMiMlL 
ft. AIXHN, 
T'.dA 

'Mr. Allan baa fl*aa aa adUlia v« da M Mlaata laaaa 
Kailuhnm eaald aqaali Mhlbldagt aa H daaa, Iba vary rara 
Ulan af tba paltMt w>* af lh« aMar.aaafelaii vlib tba 
dallti«ap«w»pMaaaflhaM*»aft»ila. * B mHt mmft Mag—lmt. 



4. 



la 1 Tal.a*a.ptlca11.(«. 

CONCHO LOGICAL 

Br O. B. BOHTBKSV JtH. 



MANUAL. 



talnlaf SaplaaaHaMaf TaabataalVbrawaMllmAaNrlMat 
I] UaaarlpilaaaaraaaaTa, villi iha Haaniof dlMta(nl>hlB| 
(b*«i lha Buia^a M Laaaaaab aad Pa lalaHUa. '■lib Tablat. 



Shallt] 

(b*«i _ 

IltaHfaud bf nnaida otm ftgun atAad a* amai | 
- it, MUiaat Miiiall Itrwl, Hlan»ftaT|. 



TLLtJSTRATIONS of the PUBLIC 

X BUILDINOH «f LONDON, villi Rtalatlaal aad DaMtlp. 
tlra Aa aa au u ar aaob Bdldaa. 

By PUGIN aad BKITTON. 

Jdba wJMe mSi »il>— • 



TBANSAOTIOMS*elF'£B INgTITUTION 
o<CIVH. BNOIMKKRC, Vai.II. Uo. salbrra with Um 
PUH Valuaa,liaatnfa«PIMS>ylhthaHAnkU. 
Ja»» Waala, m ai^ Halkaca. 



TREDOOLD on the STEAM ENGINE 
and BTEAM NAVIQATION. 
IV adMaa, Id t TBla. Iuaa«ia.«lih IW Plaiai, prioa U. «i. 

Sj w.a. h. wooufixms. 

Joiin Waala, W Hl|h Kalbsni. 



DILArilUTIONa AND NDIBAMCn. 

ATREATISG on the LAW oTDILAPI. 
DATIONV and NUIBANCRe. 

B| DAVID UIBBON. a« 
OrAaMtUltTaaiiCT 
tait^ fit* ft 
Jaha Waal*, atULfh Hal ban. 



lal ral.N}aldn.vllhPlaiaa,p(laa 11. l«.t atvKb Plaiaa 
be aa daaaa«aia,»>an AUaa.li.1*. 

A N ATTEMPT to DEVELOP the LAW 

J\. eflTOIIIie. b} mtm of raaw, arrauad atcatdl n j M 
yiaaa ufntaiaadbaaca lapolMtat a Caawm tha Vailablo 
irw^ «M« rtw ta PrwMaal Vtt la_Ha*li»Uoa. 



CUTOBHH COM COBDANCB. 
Amv ■tuM.ladM.ptlaatla.labaaidi. 

A COMPLETE CONCORDANCE to the 

X\, UOLYtCmiPTUMteaflbaOLDaadllBWTISTA- 
um*T; ar,iDktiaHnaa4AMiab*tlaalIad«(lalb«BlWa.tai 
TwoPaiu. 

I DntjjninE-TLr AppalliiLit arCurnaaWatiaiaaafall a«« 
lar(> a (^aaiM, inic anj V«w n^f in wW^jMbj^aMaB 



ibM|p|«(% 



DT ArTTirmiTT. 
In I iirar vol. rufal ttiu. pi lei i'. ip. 

^HE COUINIES of the BRITISH EM- 

VIVR hn itii WVbT l.'4»li:«, »r>(JTH AUKdirA, 
Ntl'llTd AMKII-II-'A. A^-ljti AIJIVIUa..AKlA, AF\\.\t A, 
■ Qtl et'noVS-i ^ruDriMH iba Am. Airbnliai'*, ■ 
nrC*, 1(1 



V 



ft w*! m»>Ml^l n-oid «a ti, »n4 iha 

prloriMl turat araclTn. AU', itif Pt«|Ml<i 
aad 4 L'^mm-OMiiv tB IhiT Apr^pbai 

BrALCXANblft CBUJ>ITf,ld.A. 

The nlalY>^inid,na*hlcb wtmtj Tau bita bMiL lanlMlj dnaH 
M>>il vU twiiciail bi ibr Hal) li^iiijLuiH. CdaiatnLna t ^-'oaia 
panJJDa. la ilit Idll.lr, ifiil ■ U-I^f Isc-iudi uf ii. Illiuri i u 
vhiCli l< uUad, ■ Urp al 1 Ka A a|l-«>, 

bf AM!i:AMJfc[t CFlAl.HEII.I, r.s.^. 

L-andgp - Lanacis.^; IZadiUj A^^li'" 3 -1' ll-ic-hArdiuii ; ll^-itiiai 
Bi'V-irrj Hucbatd; lUldT-ln 1 RItimmbj I Mai'lTi 7'«i 
IkKritii. Bli*iwa~d; Ds'Sri, IC-Mikmi : litaun i 11 1111.1.11111 . Ii>in. 
ean . -4llni: fVbUiaWi HaaLnj falisBhlui Mil'f 1 1 r>v«ai 
Sii''>)'Li La^cack I. B-kjEih DaMdiBf; Aampaaj laaiif i 
]>-i<, llaalMaai Waihbaanai Maraaa^i MaAr Wiimn, 
Yciik; Paikar. DArti Daiabuna, Cawtrtdgi i aEilh<| lad 
Kaoaaf , ud Andarwilr ■dlnEiUKe. 



DaknE*! Caliki 1 1> ^ in J 



L«adi. Kii'< .^rn.s.,,i-Tit««m«Tial-ii*»Ba-k<,€»iiiu.riiaaia 
pHdaaU, P-B<ilaiiAi, KdaaitM, IUUfl|in. iM«>»> ^a. kc %. 
admbCat—Ti ^t-jn >h» QSalal laiililii*«i* C i Wi ll i »>m»a. 
br vanaMlaa of lha batnun af ■ialirf wlib Wwn fUifc 
I^Klnali'kiaiM and fiHtanBMM,lw. 

BlM'OKTflnMitllT UARTlFr. 



.rifaa BHHia t^LMla*." *r. 



O-InaUlaaU 



Ifav laadj, 

THE SCOTTiSR CHRISTIAN 
RBKAU). 

~ ' ad andw fta eapatlaiMdwai af Mlalalan aad 
MaaAanof dw BouMMiad Cbauab. 
NaaUf baand la claU,lauaaad,f*laada.ValBBalbM,__._ 
- ~' Biahi PcitBdiaai.vblA Biar ba 
1 In Ihraa aafmaa. livaaUl tra. 
kMwaaalT baand In tMk, latiand, prlaa Ona Salaaa. 

CaalaMna BWli Ona Hsndrari aad Fifty Ortfinal BimMni. 
aad Ona Uandnd Blegnphlaal Skalabaa, wllb a (raat aaaihak 
af Ortftoal iMayi In Tbaoian. NatBTal Htataiy, Salaao*. and 
•ibaatatMaanuafliiMnMrataii baadaf iba aa^w af ihair 
pavaaaaa AaAani aba, BalaaUaaa tawbM WflUn. PaaHy, 
Aa iilwa^ fca. fcc. 



Oa Bauadn, Jaaaair l>wfa pabltakal. priea Tbwa Hall^aaa t . 

Number I. of the Sooood SeriM. 

JabB JabaiiMa^Bdlal«i^ fllrtyt aad Oa, aad 



■d adlUoB, la nail trai. priaa 7*. alMh hoard 

THE LAST of the PLANTAQENETSi 
a aiMBftail Mairaeaa. lllaaWHlBt aaaaaafiba raWla 



■aaafa »a< OwBaalli aad BialMiaatlial Ma 

aad Slitaaath Cantnrlaa. 



laflhaFlftaMti 



" TU» la aa artra^r *«n aaai il aad aad yMWraaifct iatand 
af Iba aldaa tlar. Tba lataraH raaMMca baa >il law baaa 
nara bappll; camUnad vUh Iba aarMniltllada af fclalari. 
aappaaad antablacnphlcal aamtlia li a«ic«ad to Rlahard 



nkMaMaat, (ha aan of Riobaad lha Third ; aad «a ara not lara 
vballMT Iba lanaWng Mari afKlncBtcbard^ daalb. aM tjm 
H aad anCailaaata aVkpIlBf , auH aai hati 
I a«T fkf Hag la faaaar af lha aiarh 



pnlhi vltb hia lanacaM 
araaj^M aMnpavorfallr 



mdaiai ii»nrek ihaa aaaa llr. Bbaraa Tuaai'* claar aad 
dlaaiaiiiaalr atodiMlMa af bli cbanclar.--CtjKtf( Rnim>. 
BiMd*, M«> aadCa. « CtrahUt. 



IPISRABtl ILLOermATBSl 

EW CURIOSIlflSrf LITBBATURE. 

■l BOLTOH OOmN ir, lib 
lluia vath.'v-tMHr* Mf. 
A •arj a m ntl n g aad elatar ipaai^M,*— AMfc 
A maMarIf aal ama."— Baaialnar. 

Tba aaifcar baa iia f ar n d a Mfvlaa Waralara.' ' Wm^iia. 



Wa ihaald Hho aaa tba lUa aMaoataak tba Hdlr n**> af 
all Ukaartaa.--JMrapaJUas Mt—t^ 



FOB. rOIIHtt riOPM. 

HOLYDAY HOUSE. A SariM eTTBleh 
By CATBBBIIIB SlKCLAJIt. 
Aalbatar" Madam AaoaHHahMaM,-" Madam laaMr, 
■ lllllMdVallai,"hl. 
Ul tta laaa Avlbut M adWaa. anlMpai. laiaalt. 

ChRfleR Seymour f or, the Oood Lidr aod 

tba Bad Lady. 

XdlnbarfhiWIIUaMlrbjMBadCo. I^fca lai^aa aad Ti 



Br I,lau.-CBl.W. RBID, 
Ofiba Hml Baglaaan. 
Jaba Vaalatb HI? If idban. 



lUaatiaMd Aaa iba Oiavlwa aad PatailM atUvtai aad 
Ckarlat Undaaar, R.A. BofalRta. 

rHE ART of DBEB STALKING. 
By WILLIAM HCBOPB, Mm. P.L.a. 
Jaha Manv. Atbaaarta Amu, 



Pau Bta, l«». id. 

FBANCIA'S BBION of TBRRORi Ifco 
OmUhNIw af LaiMn aa Parana*." 
sTTTp. a^ W. r. BOBBHtiDM. 

Br llMMMaAWbw^ HadUlaa, wiib U^aaad PlaM, 
• valkraM 

Letten ou PRracoRy. 

JahMHarrar.AIbatMtlrainat. 



HtfiTOHICAL CLASK-BOOKa. 

COMPLETE OOURHE of ANCIENT 

HlBTORYarUiaBTATBS and NATIONS af ANTI. 

QtriTlBIt 

Bylba Ba*. Dr. ROBimON. 
IOutrBtadbr>laa«olaafad Mapa, pilea U, U. laaad, 

t. An Abrldgameot of 0<dd8mIth*B Hiatorr 

afOiMii, vlik a aalaaiad Hap, bt, M 

9. An Abridgement of Ooldimllh'B HistofT 

aTRaM, wlih ■ aalaanf Hui. 3i. dtf, 

4. Five Hundred QuMMooa on Ooldnnith's 

■lMarTafOtaaM,la. 

6. Fire Hnodred QoMtioBi on Ooldamith'a 
RMarjif BmI^U 

0. A to Om QbUmm — Qreeee and 

7, A Ottlde to iht Stodjr of the Bteorror 

" lna8aMaaafQaaulaa>,kyy.narUB. 

Baalat, Sabeal Llbmi, Na. Ul Flaal BftlMi 



la iottXa.pkiaaII.af. 

O N A T I A; RBd other Pomiw. 

mt HART ANHI BBOWNB, 
. Aathaiar"HaaiBbaN,-'''Ui."*a. 

■y Iba laaM Aiubar. 

Ada ; end otliM- Poeraa. Poat Sto. 6t. 
The Omoti. Sd oditioo. nml Slaw, ailk, 

SfcOf.t alatb. 

The Birthday 0{ft. 9d edfUoD* uniform in 
ilM pad laMa wlib "Tba CvaaBl.-* 

L a ad aai ffaHitaa.AJai, aad Ca. Urarpaali 
D-UarplaiodCa. 



OBSERVATIONS An Uowa and Calcare- 
aat Camaau. Martara. aiaaiaai. aad C miiaWi ; and an 
Paaaalaaa% HalanI and AnlMal. T^albar *llb Ralaa da- 



dwnd rtoa nnMcaa* Rapirlaiaatiiar iMklna Awldatnl Waua 
CaauaU.aqaal la EOelaocj la tha bail NUurat Ctmaau af Kns 
land. iBpaaparly Nylad Raaua C aoaanla. 

B* Uolaaal PABLBV, 
BomlRnfl^ar«,C.B. P.R.a.*a.fM. 
la Baa. vHfc oaaMaaaa WaodaaM, arin I4r. 
Job* Watfr, W Hlth Balbaia. 



S OUTER'S Improved and Enlarged Bdittoai 
af nr. Irrloc^ CaiaahlMu, td. aacb. 
I. Onlho H U tary af BniUnd— 1. On Ibat l iaaraahyofnflaad 
and Walaa— *. UIMarf of Italaad— 4. OaaaTa^y of IraUnd— *. 

af SoaUaad— «. Oo^tnpby of inotlaoi— 7. BlMaay af 
PiMca— «. Oaagrapbyaf Praaoa-a. Uluary afUranea— 10. Aa- 
U^BlOa* af Uraaaa—ll. Nalory ml Boaa-ll. AaUqHlUaa af 



Haaaa — 11. Banad Hlaiary— 14. Dnlranai HkMar)— ». Oanotal 
tiaafraphy — la. Jonlih ABilaalMai— IT. Claaleal Blaaraahy— 
lb. Aiuaaaaay-I». Balany-M. Bililafa CaaailiBUan-il. Kw- 
Uah OiaBaur-da. Fraoch OrManHT— » llaklaa iliwmar— 
M. Owanl aaavli ri aa ■! Chmriilry-a*. Matla~«. H>lba> 

la«T-«. NaiBiBlPhMaaaphy-N. Alaabra. Pari I M. Alcn- 

kn^Fanll. FiUm bd. a««b. 



Psbliibad by J. Baoiar, Sobaol Library. 1*1 Flaat Bnart. 



/UVBNILB Ct,AHS.BOOKB, 
Pablbhad at tht Hcbaal Llhtaty, In Flaat BUBH. 

S OUTER'S Progrewfre Primer In SpeUnc 
»aBaadlM' M- r -b 

•2. Souter'aProgreuIveSpellliifr-Book, 

3. Sootar's Progreailve First Sdiool Reader, 

4. Bouter*B Seeond School Reader, 4f. 6d. 

AIM. br tba Ra*. T. Clark. 

I, The EngUah Primer, with 900 Engtnv- 

InB*. dd. 

5. The Engliah Motber'B Catechiam, with 

uabanalaii. M. 

sTThe National Spdling. 1<. fid. 
4. The National RMdcr, with 10& Engrav. 

* " gitizedbydOOgle 



llafi. af.M 



Die 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLBS LETTRES. 



E. CHURTON. 

36 HOIiLES &TBKET, CAVENDISH SQUARE, 
Bap to unoance th« fiillowliir Impcvtutt Works, m jott |nib|lih«d, or In tlw prw. 



On m»mt^mm*tlm»m^ »«l>iltt<«fc wMlMtmwt^ tt. with LotUmt* » LIfc of Wtpdwa BdM|>«ti>* 

THE UFE OF AKTRDR DUKB OF WEUUNOTON. 

In raral 9TO. dtgmtlr hilf-bouad Is norMeo, prias IL it. 

CHUBTON'S PORTRAIT AND IiANDBOAFB SOSNERY. 

SECOND SERIES. 
Bnbenkhed with Fort j-t«o EBfTsTlDci, tram Pklotlngt by Um toUomiog eminent AnlM t— 
Sir T. Lawbucbi ILA^ W. Davuiu. BJL, Hm. J. RanMMMi J. SUTi^ W. Babout, W. Coud*. 

COPUT FULSIMO, J, LPCU, fec. 

Id 1 T«L vfth 1> IllatCnttani by M*rtln ud W«tall. netOy booBd. 

SCRIPTURE BIOORAFHT FOR THE TOUNO; 

Or, SELECT LIVES of At, PATRIARCHS mA PROPHETS. 
CanpUed tnm tbt Swnd Wiftkigi, and lUtutnUd \rf Orintal TmtUkm. 

Br A ?BIEND TO YOUTH. 
PrloeSi.W. 

THE SPORTIirO AUIANAO FOR 1039. 

"TMt,H>«ipoifiw. tt«i»»t >»rful«Ddtnitnictly»tfc.fttU of Intofmtloaof th*moit T«hubl« ktnd. on 
bU matter eowHeted wiik tlia Mahr fporU of oui miiliy, iriiAcr honMadu. crkketlng. eoumna, ihootinf , 
■i«li^.a(|utla,lMnaM.te. lt^fla«riMallitafpaAa«riiowiitaSi«l5[l,Walca,Mlhot^ 
arcMjnaftCtkk«,Hiduwtuft with oth« imittn, too aunMraiM to datall. It la Oluitiated with twalva nlrltcd 
ca■ravtaf^applkalll•lo thepftodpat attnetloaiofflAnKMttiiaid uptarapncUMd 
wmofttmaAimA.'—attt'tLUk ^ 

E. CHURTOHtaptotaiafnibtNoUUtjraDdaHitr;, adtnlnti of tbonntAtti, UMtbehaabMRippolMA 
AgeatiaMBimi, tot ththlkimlafmrattmtyraik, "" 

VOYAGES PITTORESqVBB ST ROKAXmOUBS DANS 

L'ANCnENNE FRANCE. 

Pat Bf nr. CH. NOPIEB, J. TAYLOR, tt ALFH. PE CAILLBUX. 



On Uw M of Fttooarr win be pHblUMd. piloB 0*. dotb, ToL I. of Iho 

POSnOAI. WORKS OF FBRCY BYB8HE SHELLEY. 

Edited hj URa SHELLEY. 
TO BE COMPLETED IN FOUR MONTHLY VOLUMES. 
Edward Monm, Dam Stroet. 



P0BBI8 BY I..E.L. 

OalktaiU tBitsnt will ba pobUibad, wkh • Portzal t. «(nTad TbooKxi, biNnallBro. ■nUtybooadbl 
dotb. « «l«BaMl]r IB OMMBO, lOfc *(. 

THE ZENANA; AND OTBER FOEMS. 

B7L.E.L. 

with « Um III! , by tm mOf id liillMili nto*. 
EMMA ROBERTS. 

"Alttt hmbnotpoiKihMr. Wadnu. 
B«t r«r«Iy doca tha fnd ftaUUmant coma : 
Wa la«n 00 land, and wa ntum oa nMifik'— 4# B. L. 

IL 

LARGE AND SPLENDID PORTRAIT OF L. E. L. 

Pftloled by D.' MACLISE, Em[. Engnred, in Us twit ityh, by EDWARD FINDEN, Eiq. 

Size of the EngnriDg, 13 Incbei liy 13. 
Pbtia Proofi, St. ; IndU Prooft, 6d. 



•not baaullful Portialt, naculad fttm the moat authantk aat mmOj paintad Ltk«a« of tha tanNQtad Pactaw, 
itaccanipoiited bjr a Paaimlla of hw Wttttawawl AUogmph, oopiadfnMi one of bar I 
CoHt Castk. Oct. 18." 

Fidiflr, Son, and Co. NowgirtB Btnot. 



rialoat laMn, AM -Caf» 



I *^.iM|iaaT*.*iih riMBiMtaaU*. 

DISCOVERY of ihe VITAL FRINCI. 

■ Tliw !■ Tty « M ii i »wh l > «fad W aa aad pnlbaaa nOMloa 
Uk OiU nianu.' — »wi<ni Ww w . 

" Dtopiijtac ttmUt, twMMk, and iTiiitli" ~rrTri IM*- 



■ WltkUU) 

»Mt a canTKtlM af Um usth •fatal ta i 
raMMMd kl tt. A. tMatlMbta Mb 

•irfMftabailVaH I 



VARUiffv TALW ABotrr ■nrmuiov. 

la I M- ataira Iftaa. aaiMlMMd wM n CaWbydM 

TALES About tbo MYTHOLOGY of 
tittlBCBaadBOIIB. 

Bj PKTKa FARLBV, 
AbUmt o( iIm •• TbIm ktam On«M, Mtm,' Ac. 

Uafaai Maiitfcrlb— uaTaafcH Cl aaaiid n aadaMfta 
faatanl,br «fM( af aHMhw JkMfeMUan. 



qraumab. 
Prk* )i. Sd. bMBd la oMk, 

AN ELEMENTARY ENGLISH 
A, OMMVARiBpM 1 
HmM. In lb dns 

loMiaaUoa. 

BTW.H.PtNNOCR. 

" UlUt 
fnwa 



BtMMtMMrNawPtlBalabi upMlatlr 
HeltT (Dd m BBMmi wfcMitii fir ilw 
ibaal*, fx PiJnw Taltloa, wibr BaU. 



Ma^baJHRlMN, iM af tba tUf^ Inkaai^ 

No. la* BiihaiwstlaMMal^ wKh fkU aUawMMt la lobaoli bmI 
laltau uubni. 



B 



Friaa a>. baaad. Iba Uth adliiMi of 

UTLBR'S ARITHMETICAL 

HNfl. 



^lad bi bb Haa-ta-Li*, TBOMA8 BODRN . 
. .Id* Wort aaw ca«nwlM*iln tAMOtn wlbaiuL... 
Ulaad la fcrau* adlUam. VaUu PnMUa**, DMaMb. and Uw 



Sfaan BaMi aad ha* baan lartftallr nriiad b> Mr. Otnaa 
PiMI,TaaebarrfVrtHla«.AiltbBaUciadaaa|Arb]t. 
laadaai Dald bj Pwua ud Hum i J. HanWi aadSluUa* 

Mviball.aadCe. 



THE BRITISH and FOREIGN RE. 
VIIV.NcXV. Cnltalt- 
I. narlj pHirmaf Papal Fovar. 
■• HaaMti and Soelatj la 81. Ptmttmrg. 
t, Ltafyuf wid LtWT.Inr* of ib< llarlica*. 
^ TbaAnMiUnCanmatalilTraalT. 
■> Mn. Jamawili" Wlniflr Bladlai and Sonnw BaiwMai." 
«. Tba Mut laila Ca M aa>yl lb* MaH»» Pclaaa* rfladla. 
7. UtnaTawaat rfl wi ii m -CaaaU Aad lUlliaate. 
t. Tbatlanadat. 

a. aad J. B. Tajlat, lUd Uo> Caait, FlaM Stnat. 



lU. KBADS^ MBW P08M. 

HE DELUGeT^b drama, la 



TWKLVB HOWBM. 

ByJOHN BDMO: 
ABthmar*' lull," and" Cala lb 
■•aadan aad Otlijt Poblia Ukntj, Caadalt Html. 



JND RVAOK. Kh. 

Vandam.- 



OrwhMMtjhabad. 

ItBlv. In six Cantoi, with HIitMleal and 

CItMlaaf Naiaa. 

Ma. BaadA'Ilal]r*Mir bajBMIf daaeribMl m uii ■ablnlpom 
IbwaaaMa ai adHaearta'fflMldaHnttld/'-^tm. 



B*e. 1 1. W. 

A N ESSAY on the ART of DANCING, 

XX rtawadtatiOMWlw »Ufc Fbnleal Bdaaaili, 
WUa iafifi dd.»aa5alltii M Hn Mi|)«tj, PaU Mail. 

la tra. •rlcaff. H. 

THE QUARANTINE LAWS; tfaeir 

Baard afCaaual, Ac. h». 

■iatptia. HmfaaU,a>dCa.Lawta>l W. TtttTUiabaiib. 

Pri«*U.ad. 

N ANSWER to the MISREPRESENT- 

ATlOtnaMslMdlaaaArtlclaaa "Tba UftafCla- 
,■• la Na. lat of " Tba (teanmj BMit*-' 
Bf T. H. LUTKR, Bh. 
AaOMT af •• Tba Lth ml Clanndaa,- ac. 
Laadsai Lanfwaa, Ormai aart Co- 



la t^pa. cla<b bovadj f*« 9dt 

A HELP to PgPARATION for Death, 

MaMw «r dMOwffal ar BaMt ItltafM*. 

Uf Iba MM AbIW, 
SO) adlUaa, In llow. eloiti bauad, U. M. 

A Briif History <tf tbo Soul, in SixSarmont. 

■d adRlM. la tw. etoOi baand^ ai. 

SenntMu on lalah Uii— tha Beatltndei, &0. 

Httdunbi Flacadlllj j Ba^aji. Plaa* Hum. 



IHE COMIC ANNUAL for 1839. 

BlTHOMAIt HOODtBM. 
taalirX. H. BaUp aad Ca. WCanML 



PART J. of VOL. L for 1839, of tha 
MIBBoa ar UTBBAfUU aM AHVaBMBNT. 
lublllbad wlih lb* HagartaTij prica Blfblpaaaa, caatataa Hnas 
tafiailaa af popalu iBWtaM — lalaffM and Mu*Tta« Vi*« tt 
Iba Na* Bfauafaa la Onal Si. Halaa** — CuUa la whiab 
L.B. L.dlad--l>TailttrattiKa*daatU.*<. — witb in ealasiaa 
a( IntaiBMlaB Misnal Papm* lajnraaa aad vmtj b> paaalat 
HrilMiTartA MatUMaad tMaot BnrifUlMB Na« Ba&rib* 
PaMlalaafNalh wMh iltHaaHaa aadMMUUa Olaaalav aT 
rha Mm lb " 
Jeba UabM, IM Smad. 



VOL. II. of tha MIRROR of LITE- 
BATUHB and AMtTSKUBlfT fai inB,ailca S(. W. ia 
aaabclUdiad witb aevaldi af PIAt Ka(ta>tBct. ■ PmUbIi af Hla 
Bml l|Uuwa« Ik* l>ak' arCambTldoi, ud mitf «» cdBnuta 
afatlaM Praam aUaa^qaaa' aad (aHrulal^ ArUcIa* /Mm 
N«* Baaba, Aa fSiUle/aaiNalt. fta.,pabllabal wIlUa tiw lau 



Btba. 
uataUaD afllM 



Um BacnTtua'wIU ba foaad a (Ulhlbl 
a a( Bar Ma|aMi, lha aaw Crawa. 
Looita Cf nMar* al HMwUa, Btaiaa af Eari Qm at Navcaula, 
OM aad Waw SaQtaaWlaat. thaBa >i lliai, W«lBa»aa t^aaal. 
Jaaiaf • Pul, aad tawaLatbm af payalat^^d paidag 



Digit 



64 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, &c. 



MR. MOON, 



HER MAJESTY'S PUBliISUINa PRINTSELLGR, HAS THE HONOUR TO ANNOUNCE HIS INTENTION 

TO PUBLISH 

THE WATERLOO BANQUET AT AFSLET HOUSE, 

From a Fklan by WILIiIAU SALTER, Eiq. H.A.P. vUdi he Iih had the Ugh prirOcgfl of pdaUog, 

BY THE ESPECIAL PERUI5S10N OP 

HIS GRACE THE DVKB OF WELLINOTON, 

From the actaal Sena In Apeley Hoqm, and haa ilitGe been honoured with SitUngi for their FortndUi 
BY THE DISTINGUISHED GUESTS. 

Tidi noit interaitiiig of Natiowal SoajxcTe repreienti the Annnal Banqnat, at which the nuTlTliig Honw of thai glorloiu Tlotory 

meet to ooBomentarate on the 18th of Jnna— 
TIM moat oeMbntoa a««Bt la tb» Anuda tf ovr ooortisr. 



THE GALLERY OF THE HEROES OF WATERLOO. 

PORTRAITS OF THOSE DISTINGUISHED CQUPANI0N8 OF THE lUMORTAL WELLINGTON, WHO WERE 

FIELD-OFFICERS AT THE BATTLE. 

Acoonpanled by atetohee of their Military Memoirt, fran the Original PortraiU by W. SaltXE, Eiq. M.A.F. 

Thli Intereeting Work Ma. Uooir propom to pobliih In Parti. 



THE UNITED SERVICE. 

nEFBEBENTIVO 

THE ONLY INTERVIEW OF THE HEROES NELSON AND WELLINGTON. 

From a Picture by W. Salter, Esq. M.A.F. 

The abore moit intmitlog Natioxal Wobk« are in preparation, and fitrth* aotioe will ihorlly be glm of the Bfode and 

Period of PnUicadoD. 



GRACE DARLING, 

AMD THE 

WRECK OF THE FORFARSHIRE. 

Mb. Hooir has to amionnee the ipeedy pnblleation of a U^y finidwd 

MEZZOHNTO BNORAVmO, 

By the diitingniabed EngtaTer, Davis Locas (ai a Companion to STAxriBut** ** WRECKERS ") moM iaithfuUy delineated by the 

ooe^tined Talents of 

MB. OABMECHABLy THE BtARZNE PAINTER, 

AVD 

BCR. H. P. PARKER, THE PORTRAIT PAINTER, 
Both of Neweaelle, and both endnent in their re^ectire Departmenta, who, immediaiely after the Stwn, repaired to the Spot, where thoy 

pahited the Porttaiti of the 
FATHER AND DAUGHTER, 
AndnadenchSketdiea ofthe Wredc,aeha*aauailedthemtogIreapar£BctRepreMntatiaB of the awful Calamity, and of the 
beantifiil and affeotiog Inddeat which tuew a vdl over Ita horrorii 

To SubKrtben, Piinti, U. 1$. Pnio&, U U.t BeCon Letlan, 3/. St. 
early application must be hade to 

F. G. MOON, Her Majesty's Publishing Printseller, 

aO THREADNEEDLE STREET. 



PtiBlBdbTJAHIM UOTR«,*rBrM% GiM. HMMMlik. Im tk« CMMiaf MMdtawB, PfMw. M M* PriailM <>*(*. HoMhw M ChiU IIimI. UtnM|fl}i»u«. U th* Mid Cmmi i Mat 

SaMttlwdbtWILUAH ABMlUn RGElPm.arNaMkw I* t«>lh M«Iim«MM.Ib iIm Pobk ■feMOMmHM»meom,lHI|uCiiul|aHflM 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE; 



AND 



No. 1150. LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2. 1839. 



PHICB Sd. 
Stanpaatltim.M. 



RBViaW OF NBW BOOKS. 
AmUnt fcolfUb MtlodUiy from a Manuienpt 
in the Rtign ofjamu VI. WUh an Intro- 
duclory Itiqmry illuttrative of the HUtorjf nf 
the Munoi^ Scotland. By WilUun Daunev, 
Em). F.S.A. Scot. 4to. pp. 390. Edinburgh, 
1838. The Edlabargh Printing and Pnb. 
Uihinff Comptayi Loodm, Smitbi BldMr, 
ud Oa. 

S. A CoIUeHon of Ntional English Airt, 
cenMtHng qf AnMtnl Song^ Ballad, and 
Davg* Tuati. Intmperiid wUh Remarkt 
and AneedoUt and prfctded l/y an Smy on 
£nfflith Minttrelsy. The A'tri karmoniisd 
for the Piano forte, by "W. Cratch, Mut. Doc, 
O. A. BSsefarrfln, and J. A. Wade. Edited 
brW.ChappeD. Parti. 4to.pp.OO. London, 
1838; Cb^|v«U; Slmpkin,Hardiall,andCo. 
<* Tbx food of LoTt** wdl demm tha Inveiti 
gatioo of all igM. What did our crandfathen 
and grandmothers lire on in this camivo- 
roDs, farinaceous, or herblferotis way ; and on 
what did their grandfathers and grandmothers 
feed ? Timbrels, and sadcbuu. and pipes, and 
viivliuls, operated npon them as organs, and 
Ti(HtaiB,aiid Antes, and jdawkfortaSt (Rental 
tu t the instnunenta are diftrent, bat the 
diords of the human heart and the sympathies 
of the hnman passions are the same. The harp 
which twanged to a Cleopatra produced similar 
emotions among the dusk beauties of Egypt 
whioh it excites in the royal and fair bosoms of 
England i the lyte of Timothene and the fiddle 
of Paganiid are only aepifated by a space of 
awne two ihoosan d yeaw. 

It la estrawdlnary, that a tdeiioe, the sonroe 
of so much pleasure to mankind, so nnlrersal, 
so adapted to all circums Unices, the delight of 
peace and tiie stimulant in war, the solace of 
the ctdlege and the palace— of all ranks and 
degrees; it is, we say, extraordinary, that so 
modkobsBDrlty should hangover it, and to so 
late a period, that iritat may be called the 
Antlqunies of Mnde are absolutely modem 
almost wiUiin the memory of man I 

OfGredcmusie we know nothing; of Roman, 
no man. Of the middle ages* troubadours and 
ndmbraUfhardlv a certidn trace remains. And 
ban, la Mr. Danneyl Tolome, we hare the 
vaatigea of two eentoxlea justly hidled and 
expounded as TaluaUa and curious illustrationi 
of an art whidi has dianned enry year ^nce the 
eraatlmi. Mr. Dauney's wt»>k Is, indeed, a very 
Interetdi^ and Important one in the annals of 
aweeC soondi : and it Is hooooraUe to the mo. 
deat flsdnata of Us lanrieei that he thtia hnmUy 
deacribes themi_ 

*< Mistakes and AUlades are common to all 
historical inqolriet, and the example of the 
wisest of those who have gone before ns has 
raffldently shewn that they are peculiarly inct< 
dent to the topics which we hare here brought 
under tha notice of the reader. It is only by a 
careful examination of our statements along 
with those of others, that the jmhXie can ultl> 
BUUdybe dtiabusad of error, and dear, disUnet, 
and satisfactory InformaUon obtained. What 
we hare eodearoured to do has been merdy, as 
we professed at the outset, to collect materials 
for a history of Scottish music; and these hare 
not yet beat fiUly emasied. More nieaich 



must be applied, more manuscripu recovered, 
and much more information, historical and 
traditional, be bKii«ht to bear upon thm. Wo 
shouU t^alm it the Skene MS. should, in the 
end, he the preenrtor of such a work ; but, 
until all the requisite facts are brought to light, 
its execution need not be attempted." 

or the MS. thus spoken of, and which exists 
in the Adrocate's Library in Edii^urgb, it is 
truly said, that It throws mora light npon the 
hlstorj- of Soottishmusie than all thedisquidtlons 
of Tytler, Beattie, Gregory, Campbell, Karnes, 
Frankfin, &e. dee.— so much have plain (acta of 
a hundred years antecedent, when restored to 
day, the advantage over the ablest and most acute 
inrestlgationi and hypotheses. Treating of the 
Skene noution, Mr. D. observes — " It may 
oousion some surprise when it is asserted, that 
it is at least one Aondred years i^der than the 
earliest comi^ion of the kind which has ever 
Issued from the press. This was Thompson's 

* Orpheus Caledonius,* the first volume of 
which appeared in 1725, and the second in 
1733. In the former of these years. Allan 
Runsay had puUished about seventy Scottish 
mdodles iriih basaes, as a sort of mn^cal ap. 
lendlx to hfa * Tea-TaUe Hlsoellany,' whidi, 
n like manner, with respect to the poetry, 
formed the fir^t oomplete collection of Scottish 
songs. It is not meant that our Scottish me- 
lodies had not, prior to this, found thdr way 
Into other printed collectioos. In Tom D'Ur- 
fey's ' Pills to pn^ Mdandioly,* orlginallr 
published at the end of the seventeenth and 
the beginning of Uie ^hteeoth centuries, and 
of wh£h an enlarged edition appeared in 1719, 
there are some Swttish Mrs ; and among these 
we reoqpilse * Dainty Davie,' * The Lea Rig,' 

* Mv Mother's aye glowrin o'er Me,* ' Over the 
HilU and far away,* * Bonny Dundee,' Ac. 
Along with them, we hare such precious nior< 
MOW aa tha bUowiu t — * A Scotch Song, by 
Mr. Bobert Brown:—* A Scotdi Song, the 
words by Mr. John HaUam, set to music by 
Mr. John Cottrell'— ' Bonny Sooteh Lads that 
kens me weel, the words by Mr. Peter Noble, 
set by Mr. Jdtn Wilfotd,* ftc These are, no 
doubt, ludicrous caricatures, both of the Scottish 
music and pbrseedogy, and are flWFety rtferred 
to In order to shew, Uiat, abont this time, the 
Scottish style of mdody had begun to be very 
genmlly appredated hf the Bi^lsh public." 

At the same time it must long have been the 
delight of iu native Und, of its wariikc preda- 
tory bands, of lu pastoral population, and of iU 
court, several of whose sor«eigns were so far 
in adrance of the rude eraa In wUdi they lived 
—the patnms and writers of poesy, the compa- 
ttlMs of bards and their rirals in song. Bow 
sweetly has Low embodied the ideai how 
toodilng are theaa Unes t 

Oht KalimMude,1mfoaietmtarlog, 
Tb« tweMMt ftr OB the AM thu fklU, 
Thv gentle n amber* tha heart rememben,— 
Thy unbuendialn m In tender thtalte. 
Thy tooM endearing. 
Or ud or cbaerinf. 
Th« absent tootht on a foreign itraad,— 
Oh, who can tell 
What a holy (pell 
li |a the fong of our native land r 

The proud and lowly— the pflgrim holy— 
^ knes knssUDg St beauSts' ihTine 1 



ThebardwhodrcwnabythehawMadat 
All, all are touched by thy powtdMae I 
The optiie cheerltM. 
TheirtdieireailM. ^ . 
The nothtf— tau^t by natofa^ hmd, 
H«r chUdTwhen wM^. 
Will lull uelamiiw, 
With tome tweet fong other aatin land I 

And old Scotland felt and appreciated this. 
«*' Although (the mibat remuks) the custom 
has been for many yeara in disuse, insomneh as 
scarcely to have left a reaUgo of iu former 
existence, muric, both secular and sacred, un. 
questionably formed a branch of ordinary educa- 
tion in Scotland, upon the same footing as it 
now does in Germany and other parU of the 
Continent, not wily during the sway of the 
Roman Catholic Churdi, but for many yean 
after the Retemadon.*' 

The banishment of Mgans, called by the 
severe and rigid Presbyterians " the devil s box 
o' whistle.pipes," no doubt checked the pro- 
greu (rf the art ; but still It flourished in other 
pUoes than the chutch, and if Harmony waa 
left uncultivated, Mdody remained. Some of 
tiie pertioulars oonnectod with these airs are 
interesting to literature. 

" The air, * If floods of tears,' which we 
have In the Skene MS., is here (in Forbes's 
* Cantua,' edit, of 1666) associated with two 
different sets of words; but the most interest^ 
ing coinddence we observe is a sonnet of 
Montgomery, ' Away, *aln world, bewitdier of 
my heart,* the air oT wUt^ Is that of 

• Farewdl, dear heart, dnce thou muA needs be g<ms ; 
■»j «jm do their my lite li alnxat dowt' 

with which all our readers are familiar, bdng 
the sonnet whidi Sbakspere puU into the 
mouths of Sir Toby Belch and the Clown, in 
the scene where their midnight orgies are 
interrupted by the unwelcome presence of 
Malvolkh la Montgomery's Poems, the song, 

* Away, rain wmld,' is mentioned a* having 
hMui »>miwia*d to tha ' toon * of * Sal I let her 



been composed to the ' toon ' 
go,' part of the burden of * Farewell, dear 
heart ;' and if any doubt might at first have 
existed es to tbeir identity, the fact is now 
satisfactorily established, the editor having 
reoenUy disoovered the aonnet itself in a MS. 
of the year 1689, belonging to the Advocates' 
Library, aet to (be very tune whidi appears m 
Filters *CantnB.* Dr.Fercyhasgivonthewords 
of this song; but it has not hitherto been 
known that tiie air to wUdi It waa sung waa 
lurking unobserved in this cnrious rdomr. 
We havo the further aadaCsetloa ofintrodudng 
a still older renkm of tUs air than that con- 
tained In Forbes or the dwre-mentioned MS. 
In the Skene odlection, under a diflWent name 
from any of the preceding—* O silKe soul 
alace.* " 

The moralising of pc^iilar balUds for reli- 
gions effects garo rise to Km itnnga mixtorea 

of sacred and pro&ue. 

" It is alluded to by Shakspere In the ' Win- 
ter's Tale,* where he speaks of a puritan who 
tings psalms to hornpipes ; and, what we 
codd scarcdy hare looked for, it has been 
carried down so near our own times as till with- 
in these sixty or seventy years : a rdigioiw 
sect, denominated the Bereans, having dgnal- 
ised thmalvea by the prodootion of a vohime 
sinllH to tlMt fnwrwkidt the ^wre eztnwtt 
Digitized by VjOOglC 



66 



THE UTERARY GAZETTE. AND 



are made, and of wbicb the fidlowing are 
specimeiu : — 

•Wat ye what I nat 
Lying fa my M, 
An angel brignt.' Sec. 

> Haud bld« awa, 
Haud am bae me. IM1I|J' 

The following extract throwi a on amy 
aa old tune. 

" The lodlcrotu Tununibr poem, edled 
• cockelbie Sov,* written rathw before tbe mid 
die of the fiftwntli century, la the following 
pauage oontaint urenl alhuiont to the balladi, 
■ongB, and danoei, that were popular at that 

*• AndhiicoustD Copyn CuU, 

'Fauion>em»ftiiAi,* 

M the dWMc Md bepa. 
Play tu ' Joiy L«aiBuii«.'| 
Sum trottet ' Tm and Trenu*. 
Suft balterit • Tha Ban i* 
Sinn, ' P«rd«ay>' •am, ' TroUy loUy.t 
Sum, 'CtAciairtbouqiidayi* 
< TwirtlMnkj and Terway,' 
Sum • Llneolne,' mmit • ttaidaiytl 
Sun. 'J^y LaBOMndawiaitiiotitayi' 
ijum, • Be yone woodiyd ' ilngli. 
Sum, • Lalt Ult la avmnyaBb t* 
Sum, 'Jeiy UaHwa wiiha mk*> 
San^ ' Utulsw hUicok-f 
Sum bakUt, mim btaclt. 
Sum oaKkit, mm enngtt t 
Sum movlt mott mik ravrii; 
Sum, ■ Snnoo Soot* of Quhynfell ;* 
.Sum, ' HaUtn PelrdeCoutate,' 
And uylr turn • ia Conaate,' 
At leicr dnat to dsncn. 
Sum, ' Ourfate,'aam ' Oiliaoce,'** 
Sum, • Riiity BuUy with a M. 
And every note la Tyarli aak.' 
Sum akft tbadanda to rlira 
Of Clpm andBoheme: 
Sum the faitit ttall yane 
or Portugal aod NaTmt I 
Sum countaffteHt tbe nit ot Spayne, 
Sum Italy, turn Almrine; 
Sum neUt NapUHaaaone. 
And uytr lum of Aimmte t 
Sum, ' The Cane of Tartary,' 
Sum, ' The Soldaae <tf Sutiy.'H 
Than alt anaylt tn a rlne, 
Dantit • My detr deillnc/tf 

" No more restigm of thli branch of our 
literatnre are traceable till tbe ooouaeneBnent 
of the lixteenth century, when we torn to tbe 
poema of Doaghu and Ihnibar, fbr an additkn 
to onr eatalogde of empty names. Bat, amidat 
these shadows of the deputed, we are happy to 
have it tit our power to present oar readers with 

■ •••Fuu tielUa, ful Ail,' that it to ny. all huag 
round with belU. In tbe lord high treaiucei'i aecoontt 
for 1913. weobaervethefi^fcMitigaiitry] ' Item, totUity 
down of bellU. tor danwrta, dely verit to Thoma* Boirwall, 
an lb. I2(.'" 

t " ' JoUv Lemmane,' and • Tiai and Tnou,' romt 
have been oatKca.* 

I •••Pwdollr.' aad 'TioUy loUy,* wsss prataUy tk» 
dioru*. or b ui dwi of popular langt. See HI taon^' Ancient 
Sonci,* p. SB. 'Trally Lolly '-f™—* dont* la 'Ooni' 
ptayntorScoaBBd.'- 

i '"Twyibnik,'I.aTdMCoMldcntobsthawBewta 

• Wb«a Tayla beak ma blumyt brycht.' 
In the Bannatrae US. p. aSS." 

II " It i* probable that the namei here jivm referred to 
praductiimi populaT In Englaiid. la Rltaon^ •Aadeot 
9oD«,' f. 30, tbate li ' a long on hk miateHi. whom be 
adnurea aa the fUreat maid betwcca Lyncolne and Lynd- 
aeye, Noihamptoa and Lounde, {L a. Lnodoa.) it ia 
MMed fhm a MS. of tbe nlin (C Bdmnd ir.* 

J " Hantianad in Conndwa ' Caatua,"* 

" 'OulrftiteandOiUaBce* an alto menttoBedhia 
poem lu the Baanalyne MS. on ' tha knfeic ctf a Ohsbt,' 
whidibeglBa— 

< LMIs, LonBh I aaO yoa tell.' 
And dmilar to theae, in all proliahEUty, are Plaif ntt and 
Backfitte. dance* iilll known In aameparti of the country. 
They take thdr name* firom the particular mulioD of tbe 
feet br whWi they are dMIngnbhed. Ia • Ckdit Kbk 
on the Qicen' Pktfute la icfWed to. 

• Platfute he boUiU up with bendi.' 

Alto in Sir David Lyndaay'a ■ Complayaleof the Puingou' 
alone v"'')) another, called fkite btfaie; 

* To learn berhngniMaitUdall 
TaiAar phMAite and quhMfMetaiABe.' 
n " Thia mutt be Intended for ' Syria.*" 
n " SupnMl to be tha auae ■tth • llTdilfldSdilW.' 
niaati«oediDC(HHUE>)e'i<cantu»."' 



something more substantial, which never before 
reached publicity. These are two metrical 
perfonnancea, at least so they may be (enaed, 
although one of than Is a mere ffngnieal, and 
it may occasion some sorprise when we mention 
the place where they have been discovered, viz. 
the * Uinnte-bodt of Bnif^h Sashus of the city 
of Aberdeen!** To what they owe their 
insertion In this inaasplclous volmne, whether 
to the tnant propensities of some InoorriglUe 
youth, whose poetical aspirations were not to 
be restrained by the duR nmtfns of lq;al 
drudgery, or whether they had been entered, 
along with other public dootnnents, for better 
preservation (as It fa technically called), we know 
not ; but certain It Is, tiut thsyi^peBr tiiere 
* duly recorded * (lSOS-7) ^ioBg with some 
verses by Dnnbar.* 

We win not intermeddle with the author's 
dissertationi on randcal tnitmments, minstrels, 
&€., bat raoommend them to every reader, as 
extremdy vahiable to musical histo^gener^y. 

For instance, on the word ** Choror' 
Dr. Solander told Mr. Pennan^ that in 
the oldest northern songs in the Hebrides, the 
bagpipe was mentioned under the name of the 
Boeck-pipe; and we Iisvo already seen, that 
GItvIdni Cambrensis, towards the end of 
twalfUi century, apeski of it as one of the 
instruments tn use both In Sootland and bi 
Wales. His words are as follows : — * Hibemla 
quidem duobus tanttnn ntitnr et delectatur 
inttrumentis — cythail sdUoet et tymoano: 
Scotia tribaa, cytbaia, tympano, et clioro; 
Owallla vero cytbum, tiUii, et dunro.* It will 
be remembered, that the same word ■ choms 
is nsed by Bower, in hit enomeration of the 
musical accompilitunents of James I. (of Scot* 
land) ; and in rendering that word by bagpipe, 
we are quite aware that we have entered upon 
debateable ground. Mr. P. F. Tytler, In hii 
history, has faltered ai to Its tneanlog, and 
substituted for It (as he htmsdf admits, some- 
what rashly) the word ' oomn.* TiuS be 
should have hesitated as to the proper s^foffica- 
tlon of the word ' dioms,' is not to be wondered 
at. Pinkerton did not comprehend It ; Leyden, 
Ritson, and Jones, misinterpreted it : and the 
Reverend Mr. Macdonald, who was one of oar 
best informed writers on Scottish music, pro. 
posed it as a sort of enigma tor Uie eolation of 
the Scottish antiquary.^ 

" In Scotland, the nse c^the bagpipe seems 
to have gradually superseded that of the harp;f 
but this process, we should think, must have 
taken place chiefly within the last two hundred 
yearSr-~previous to whldi, we doabt very mnch 
whether tbe natives of Nwth Britain were 
more distinguished tar tbeir partiality ibr the 
bagpipe than their southern neighbours. Even 
Shakapere, although ha talks of tiie * drone of 
a Lincolnshire bagpipe,' and of ' a Yorkshire 
bagpiper,' has nowhere asaoclaud that Instru. 
ment with tbe Scots; and when we go back 
several oenturies anterior to Ibia, we And it 



* " Thit and an unlooked-fbrdtacoveryofrauric, whidi 
we thai] BftenrBrdi have occsskm to meottoH, may terve 
aa exampUa of a tralh well known ta antiquarlea, via. 
that rartlle* of Ibb deecriptloa are often to be found where 
thn are leatt of all to Be apected. Sir John Graham 
Dalyell (• Scottbh Paana ot the SlUaentta Centnry,' p. ai 
maiiooa a pom as havliw beto found at tbe end of a 
manuicript of the Reg lam Ifajeatatem In the Advocatei' 
Llbrarr. with two Uank atavea for music rabtohwd." 

t " The HlgMaod Society of Scotland bat been much 
and Juttly applauded tar having, by annual premiunu, 
kepi up the sreat military faMtrament of the High. 
Unden; but why abould diey have allowed to «lnk Into 
nbllvlon their great muiica] inatrnmoit— that for which 
ail their oldett aad moat exqulilte aln were composed ? 
Why hai there been no attempt to revive tbete, and 
ahmg with Ibem the iwoUecbon of the tima when ■ the 
•beuwKit round, tbe faard* aung. and the aoft hand of 
tbe Tbglas tnmbM on tbe itrlngi Of tbe bstp r ' 



used in both countries by the same class of 
persons^ Chaucer's miller played upon it, — 

' A bagpipe well conth ha bbMw aad aaane;* 
and ' Win Swaae,* * l3ie mriUe mtllor man,' 
in onr ' PebUt to tbe Play,* calh £ar It to as^ 
in the fettlvlties of tbe dayy— 

• Glffl tall danoe. have dome, lat m 
Blaw up the bagpyp than,* 

Indeed, although we are justly proud of onr 
aadent pro6oiency on the haq), and adhere 
unhesitatingly to our claims to supremacy on 
that bead, we are much disposed, upon a candid 
consideration of the facts, to resign to the 
English the palm of superiority in this less 
refined description of muuo, about tbe time to 
which we refer. Tbe pipefa who are mentioned 
in the lord high treasurer*s accounts seem al- 
most uniformly to tutve been native! of Eng* 
land. Thus, lOth July, 1489, there is a pay- 
ment of eight pounds eight shillian^ ' to 
Inglit pffpari* tiiat com to the castel yet and 
playlt to the king.* Again, in 1505, there li 
another payment to ' tbe IngUs pipar with the 
drone.* It should be added, that, while the 
*■ bagpiper * formed part of the musical establish, 
ment (« the English sovereigns and noblemen, 
during the eixtaeuth century, we find no such 
mnalcha retained at the Scottish oonrt. Our 
monarchs had probably not mnch relish, for 
this sort of pipe music, and although the re- 
sult of our investigation of the word ' oborns * 
has had the effect of dearly convicting our first 
James of being a performer upon that most 
unprincely instrument, (fbr whicb, the only 
proDedent we can find in history is that of the 
Emperor Nero*), we should remember that he 
had roost probably acquired that, aa wdl as hia 
other aoeomplishments, in England, where ha 
received the rest of his educatioa. We do not 
oonceive, upon the whole, that the bagpipe has 
ever been a very popular Instrummt m Scot, 
land, except in the Highhtnd districts; and 
we may state this with some confidence, aa tu 
one part of the oountryy-^ royal bturgb, which 
we nave already had occasion to name, and 
where the magntrates actually prohibited tlio 
common piper from going his rounds, in terms 
by no means complimentary of the instrument. 
Onr readers will bo the less surprised at the supe- 
rior r^nement here exhibited, when they are 
informed that these were the * musical mn^. 
trates* of the olty of Aberdeen, whose pniaea 
have been so loudly tnmipeted by Ferbea, tbe 
publisher of the * Cantus,* in his dedication of 
that work. <26lh May, 18M. The magistratea 
discharge the common (uper of all g(^g through 
the toim at nycht, or in tbe morning. In tyme 
coming, with bis pype,— it being an locjvill 
forme to be usit within mc a famous btugh^ 
aad being often fnnd fault with, ab weill be 
sundrie niehtbouris of the tonne aa be 
•trmngerl«.'"t • e • 

" We are now amply fortified ag^nat the 
attacks of Mr. Rltsou's scepticism; and onr 
readers will ncollect that these MSS. are 
merely sndi as have fallen within the scapo of 
onr penonal obaemtion. In a letter whidi 
Mr. Ritson addressed to Mr. Walker, the au- 
thor of tbe * Memoirs of the Irish Bards,' ia 
1791, several years before the publicatioa of 
the ' Essay on Scottish Song,' after noticing 
the ai^karent want of all direct evidence of tbe 
existence of our favourite airs, prior to the 
Restoration, he puts tbe question, * Uj>oa whnC 



• " It i* me il oBed by Snetoaiaa, that wbea thw te- 
peroi Neni heard of tbe revolt by trhkb be Ion. hla aa- 
pire aad hit life, he made a tolemn vow, that if it ahouU 
picaae the godi to extricate him from hit dllBcaltlea, he 
would peimm kpuMieoQ the bagplpa.'* 

t '' Aberdeen I'own CoaaaiHlqliter. SEefAnalecu 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES, 



known — I bwm Uia pMt. Alinott mrj great 
funily hid K port dut mnc bj the name <rf dw 
hmil^. or m f«w Ait an nIB pntemd an 
Port Lennox, Port Oordon, Port Seton, uid 
Port Athola, wbleh am aU of tbam excellent in 
their kind. The port 1b not of the martial 
■train of tba march, ae eome hare oonjoetured ; 
ihoee above named Mag all in the ptatntife 
■train, and modolatad for the harp,' *Port 
Ballango\Fne,* therefore, may he regarded with 
■one intareit, as hj maeh toe eideat reoocded 
oopT of tkti Tsry rare deaorlpttoa of miule 
which hu Iilthierto been pobliihed.** 

We sluKiId lay that theu were elan or family 
tonee played at the gate, ai by the Wdu 
harpen of die preeant day, or at the board where 
maiter and aervant, hird and raaial, eat down, 
above and below the nil, M their ample pm. 
^■loiii. We eondndt with a notiee whlA will 
readnd the rMd<r of one of Moore'a moit 
beaatifiil and popnlar melodiea. 

CXI. 
Flower^, 

no'one who haa leea the mdbdy to whidi it 
wai rang wiU have raaeon to ngret to noiu 
appaaranoe In thli puUioatlon; bal M Uw 
wordi, by Alnai^ If ontgomanr, poimm eoo- 
■ideieUe iparH, uay an hare BDl{}ainad i— 

Ljk u tba dum Sotamlam, vtih cab om'icbbi. 
Ami ■anu,Tb«tlwna|a«OHtdfdfbl, 
Hli«B doun hk IwV ead (toiv* ^ d«d, aB<| olU net 

BotloS^tlMvU, Oimli^oaref ibeakhb 
""U CdIM PhMioB rm wfeb •hi» la head. 



fiaadatioii, than, do we talk of the antiqaity 
«f SaotlUi muaie?* lodaad, ws have bean 
twaM m tUa sobjact im more than obb 
marteh Jooaa talk ui that we have ' no neh 
thiag ai an aaolant and authantle MS. Uka 
whatthelriih or tbeWa)ihhaT<b' Now, al- 
thoegh «e have na tndfaiatio« whatever to 
fcov^ a aatloQal oeatoat upon thli or any 
etbar pointy «r to dtalleoga the antlqidty of 
nany ori^ralad Wddi and Iriih aire t yet, 
b»nK ai we do, the real atate of the fact 
lobe tU^ thai adther the nor the Iridi 
eaa pradoea any aatheatio eoUaotloni of their 
aational mode of ao old a data, ud containing 
ao many popalar malodlei, aa the UBS. of 
Seot^ ain whieh we have above deearlbad, 
we eaaaet aUow the ebeerv atfa a to pan nn- 
Boiloed. W«anaata*antbatMr.Horria*a 
Has., laid to be of the elenatb oentnry, but 
wUdi Dr. Barney thengbt maeh more reoent, 
AoQi^ AIM with harp mulo, arraogad In 
kannooy or eaaaterptrfat, etmlaia any Webb 
air kaowa at the praaant day. In Jonee'a 
GdleoUea, two or three alra are eopied tram 
USft. I bat of theae the age b not meatloaed; 
aad dM editor expreedy itylei hie woA a 
< CeUaetlon of Vdih Nadonal Uelodiea,* which 
*bave beea headed down l»y tradltkm,* and 
widoh he oolleoted * froaa hearing the old ma. 
aleiaaa or atinitrala pUy them on thdr ioitm- 
nentt, and from their being chanted by the 
peaaantry.* In the mbm way, the ftnt coHeo. 
tioa of anoleat Xrbh alra wai fonaed by Mr. 
Baadag, bdng aeted at the aweiiiv of harpen 
la 179S, at BMitat,aadafkerwarda taken d6wn 
from their performaaea, and firom the singing 
of the people In dtthreot parte of the country, 
la short, the aathentleaU<m of theie aire by 
MSB. ie a thing which appeara never to havf 
been dreamt of althar m Walea or fa Ire* 
knd. too 

•* We have now bafSiMb os Uiaet lad liioea- 
Irev erU Me proof that maay melodiea wbidi 
have ooma down to (be praMat day are two 
handred, and, in aone tnitanoet, npwardt of 
two hundred, yeere idd| and, farther than thia, 
we are enabled to aacend auny yaaia beyond 
the aoameaonaaat of the a ere n ieeath centnry, 
npoa groaada ^ldi> thoofh drennutantlal 
aad praiBm^ffa, wn, la aema raapaeti, not 
the Imb eadmBtory IM aaavfadnf . * * 

It la not to be preianud of any odleetlon 
efnatloQal airt that they are oeeval with the 
pwlod when the edleettoa iraa fonaed. An 
Individaal who aits dowa to a tadc of this 
natoie, haa no iadneeaieat to give the prefer> 
earn to sndi as have beea aioat reeaady ooau 
posed. On the eoatrary, be rather loiAs bad: 
to fcrmar met. It la * die votoe of years tliat 
are gone that roll before him with tlieir deads,' 
the alra which are endeared to him by national 
and faaifly aaaoeiadon, and embahned fn hia 
memory Vf the oonseoraUng power of dme, In 
whldi be dilefly deUgbta, aad which he ia moat 
aaafcns to aaeore from obUvion. To aappose, 
therefore, that tbe greaur part of the Soottldi 
nelodiea contained In this MS. are not of a 
tnndi earlier date than the reign of James V|., 
would be, to tay the least oflt, a gross riom- 
tioQ of probability. Further, a document hu 
craatpired, in die eourae of our reaearefaes, 
from wbidi It diatinotly appears that tba Soot- 
tlah muaie meat highly appreciated at that time 
was not the eomiMsitioB of diet age, but of a 
period long eaterlor to It. This Is a paper 
atyled * Information tooling the OhapMll- 
Royall of Scotland,* tbe orlj^oal of wUdi la 
deposited In tbe Oeneral Raster House. It 
ia dated at Whitehall, S4di January, 16S1, and 
MTi tabtilfMdbrJUmrdEaUi^wbOk at 



appears from a writ under the Privy Seal, wax 
arooiated * Beoeiver of tbe fMa* of die aud 
chapel, S6th November. lOM. • • • 

It appears that the muddaat of the cha^ 
peUroyal were * kept at daily practioa' In allj 
aorta ot vocal aad instnmantail moaie, Inelodfng 
EngHih, French, Dutch, Spanidi, Latin, Ita- 
lian, and Old Sootttth Motio. T%ere can be ni^ 
doobt that this lait expression rafarred to the 
popular national moaic of Seotland, That sa- 
cred mosio was here not auant Is mffldendy 
obviona; the metrical paalmody of the Re- 
fiMmed Scottish Chnrdi waa n^t old, and tbe 
mnsio of the churdi in Scotland before the Re> 
fonnatlon ^as Identiasl with that of Rome, 
and, therefore, not Soettisb. * • • 

" Before doslag oar oodoe of the ^pdent 
Soottbh amde, panuq^ Ife ^ not too nmeb to 
dedoee another observadoa from the memo* 
rable eritigoe, by CUraUos Cambrends, on tbe 
Irish and Scottish mudc of die twelfth oen< 
tttiT. He haa represented iu style aa ^vdy 
aod rapid, and oontruted It wiui the dull, 
heavy «plrit of die En^lah tin. Is It not 
probaUe, therefore, that oar oldest tones ware 
of the Kvdy sort, and oar dow aln (and these 
posaess the moat dadded eodetiastlcal pecu. 
iiarlties) of more reoent ori^a f We qierelT 
start the eonjeotnre, and yet It Is one wbiui 
we have sometimes thougut strengthened by 
other oonsiderattons. We have the evidence 
of Tassoni that, at the beginning of the seven- 
teenth century, Scotland wu 4i>tlnguitlied for 
tta plalattva mdo^; hot, at this time, «■ 
antesior to difa, we amrody find any other in- 
Btanoa where this part of our muno Is men. 
tioned with approbadon, or commented upon in 
any kind of way, while the danoe tunes appear 
to have beni vary much in vogue. • • • < 

** We are now no longer at a loas for a 
itandud by which we caa teat die ganaiaeaaii 
of oar aattwal mudt^ dlsdngolsh tbe trne from 
the Mae, and separate the pure ore from all 
admixture of baser metal. Whether or not 
they come fmn ' the well of (Scottish) genioa 
nndeflled,' we cannot aay; but they are a dis. 
tance of oaf hnndied years nearer the foun- 
tain head than any with wUob the pnbllo have 
pravioudy been acoualnted. And It 1b alio 
worthy of remai^ (we qieafc here of the prln< 
dpal Seotdsh airs), that they are not cut in 
tns fiirmd and eluorate mould which cbarao- 
tarlses the ardAcIal oompbddons of die age 
when the odleodon wu formed. They are 
animated, ohaite, and dmple In thdr style and 
expresth^i, and thflfigh *■ old and ptdn,* and 
more remarkable for Bj^rlt and orlgtaality than 
fbr dwanci^ It may be said of them, aa of the 
poedcu relics of andent minstrelsy, 

' Wltb rough in^twUc ftnca they mora th* heart. 
Aai •tsn«Qi sad nston swks miMdi fbr wt' ' 

We have only beea able to glanoe at aome of 
the leading foatam of this tinity nadond and 
IntMvatfaig woMt; aad vary maay Inddeotd 
but carious laattera are, « neeasdty, passed 
over. Aa for example t — 

*' We redcon the old faroarita ooontry danoe, 
' Roger de Coverly,* whloh Hawkins gives In 
the page imawdtatdy fiallowing that now re* 
forred to (p. 470), another Sootdsh tune with 
an Englldi name. It hu been long known In 
thli country nnder the tftle of < The Mdtman 
comes on Hooday}* and, u soch, now lies 
before us In a Ma. odleotuin belonging to Mr. 
lidng. dated 1706. Tbe date of Sir John 
Hawkins's copy is not given. * * 

*^/*ori SaJbrnfMHinw. — *To the wandering 
harpers (san Mr. Tytler, In his ' DiMertation 
on Soottuh Music') we are oertainlf indebted 
tat Am ipedMof vmbvWBbtoiunrifwnrtj 



beantifiil and ptqmlar melodiea. 

In regard (nys Mr. D.) to N& 
*Lyfc u the dum Sdsaqnlom* (erSoa-Fli 



f o cUr tbe cAuU ikyii. aad Ught tba laad : 
Sbdi la Uuir boui lullu ft« thsTboat. 
la* la Bisit Pilaca aas tfad gu ui maaea fifk i 
AathmthatAaiudMB^iolem* . ^ 
But lu^ oa Fhafani iBoitag Mt Us Um : 

Sk fmlTii with aw, axespt I be vbolr 1 aisjr ss 

lAe 4qi£% t«B dwuMBd data, la Sfadds ahlh 

JUdli tbrau BIT bir^ ban, but mt asRiTBI , 




Till Tltaa myM ^foat m» ihjnm. 
Hut 1 latln duoi Arroar orair ftM. 

Pfi ihe Bppelr[lnlabUiphtiO. bc^iiu Lackl^ 

The dauling of mv Ioiib dMiiil Jay : 

Then Clings nyii an Hiipe to ryK. fmlMiipyiB 

My DoyianiF nleht oTatMaire' wome tmi^ 

No wo, vbsn I auilk, aixj mr liTipMhl 

Bat itn axj itiitly itallt, I BuurilCt KMh. 

I iriiii([,— 1 Birojl ; — uiV ly ouCi 

My cell r ifianKi^* in*n#)vKt»um hew. 

No man 1 luul, tKJt 'tUKl* vp ituur. 

A.I glml^ ulhil. tiyi whom I upli fteu, 

c hil']'>^''*V- p>nnnii»r' A|iulla-! lUj 
Thy rfiair friwi golftfi dniin Inlo lli-e uliI ; 
ur ini; ihtiu mak t^iy ZnlUk. itimt I iaa)< lAk 
My jiinLii, IU b«ti(il!d ^Imia I invt bdC 
Tiiy |>rei*o[e roi- luLiim to tyf frOfn O^aljl]^ 
Thy siloenri.' ntur il^nrci Ihj cuI iny bnSoli ' 
I I'l,!!. ill *aln. Ihvn la miiiil%Pi 

AI l-Ul Ihy I'iTii' Xiim Kyin agsnr; 

[l lfewelll, willl4i«llffnt*ptHHHW tillihyl'" 

We are sorry that our form does not enable 
na to insert any spedmen of the music In this 
venerable and detlghtfol ooUecdon; bnt the 
vdame itsdf must bs referred to for that^ and 
it will amply repay the sedcar. It rejdcesus to 
Bee so charming a remrrectlon of nndoobied 
tons I for It ^ould tie remembered, that the 
productions U such men u Bamuy {** Tea* 
Table Mlioellany." 17340 and Bums, by an. 
drely engaging the popular mind, we bat too 
waD calawted to bury fbr ever the vdee of 
ea^ mdody. Tbe preseat nifflcea, aad w« 
forget the past. 

We have hat one odter remark to make. 
We think Mr. Daunev might, with some ad. 
vantage, have availed hinuctf of the wridngs of 
thosp German cridca who have eadeavaared to 
prove the analogy between ^ 8oots» ayaian 



68 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



UMt important OMOUBKMlcalandqaitiM wUcb 
baa appeand fM naar yaan; wid,itixigardto 
ScMtw nnnii^ tha WNk ii^afflwl that faai war 
baaa pnUtahad. 
W« nMMt niKfa OBT aacMd kaad far HMlIiar 

UOllM. 



AMMkw At /aterfor ^iluija, ^ 4v. 

Br Bobm Branaer, Ea^ S rdU. Bwo. 

iMriOD, 1839. CoUmni. 
Tma ainle and abla vork, the pcodsctioD of 
a man of mom, and an aonia and impartial 
obMcrar, haa raacbed na too lata to do mm 
ifcaaaMkenpaK m » g an w a l impraMion of ita 
taieriia. Tha aollur naa dapartad bom the 
oonmoa roadi, andntadaagooduaoofUatiDa 
doring liii Runian trarel; and to tUuatiMa 
tbia alona (leaving St. Fatonbarg, the 
Emperor, and bla Palitioi, far tba prenat, at 
laaat, out of the queitioa), m merdT aalcet two 
or three notloei ol maltera witliin the oompan 
of aarjaaga, and p oai— b i g the giaateet norelty. 

" Tba law* of the eniplra raquirlng that all 
thoia oandMMed ta asila. In wbatarar part or 
tbe ceaaCff thajr nuf bava reodTad lentenca, 
must pats throogb Biotoaw on their wajr to 
Siberia, tba travMler baa here the belt <^Mr- 
taaity that can be afforded in any part of 
Ean^eaa Bnida, of learning ao m etbing of the 
traatnmt ud promcta of thoaa unhappy 
am. On veadtteg tUa ofty, tbey an aUowed 
a hrtefrat in Aa oonvtet priaon ; tb^r daily 
jonmeyi being' so calenlated that the separate 
bands all arrire here, from the opposite com art 
of tba ampiia, eadi Satnrday n^t. After 
resting througbout the enaoing week, dntiog 
whlob thay are raUered from their dwlns, they 
an despatched in one eemmon band on the 
aeeond Monday after thdr arrival ; on which 
ee eash m goratunaM aUowa soma mambo- or 
jnonbers of the committee of pristnis to be 
aent, to eonlrol tba harshness of the jailors or 
tba guards, and to see that nana suffer any nn- 
necessary degree of restraint. They are even 
empowered to hear any statenwnt which the 
priaonera may aaaka, and, in most cases, to 
grant Imaaedlata redress ; or if tba api^ioation 
be not of a nature to be granted on the spot, to 
pledge themselrss Uiat It shall be duly attended 
to after tbdr departure. This, it will at once 
be seen, is a great Indulgence to tbe prisoners ; 
and tbe govamment, so far from thwarting the 
bananlent victors, eom^Ies wiUt afaaoit evny 
n Hlg ai ti oo. These iatfrferenoea do not, ot 
ooarsa, oKtend to tba qnashing of legal procoad- 
iogs, but meidy lo the prisonw's oommts, bla 
bealtb, or bia wishes regarding his family." 

Afksr mantlooing tbe ^Uanthropy in this 
TCipeelofaDr. Haiya the author deacribee his 
having obtabad laava la witnasa tba departure 
of a ttMa fiWD the log bntt mar Ibo dty, where 
they were aiasmblsi for that purpoae. 

" On being admitted, which was done with 
great oaution, and after a strict scnitlny, we 
found tbe itnteourt occupied by a filaof prisoners 
already chained for tbair draary journey. Poor 
wretehea ! with Ocsa heavy btters on tkeir 
ankles, they ware to walk every step of a 
journey which fauted only a few days lass than 
six months ! They were all, men and women, 
in tba eonvicts* drms, a bnig looae kind of graat< 
eoat, made of coarse lightish gray cloth. The 
men bare one aide of tb^ head shared ; but 
•a distlDKi^ aoldtars more readily from the 
ethers, they have the whole fore part of 
the bead shared, lo place <a the aide. 
All are pannltted to retain the morrootu 
beard, in which tbey take much ddlglu. 
JGlaoh is aUowed a low fUt c^ ; bat Uiey 
alwayi remained mwoTarcd vhn any visitor 



came near : in fact, the whole time we 
remained in the pcisoo, tbe manner of all 
wa saw was not otuy respectful, but becoming. 
There was something of ocnnposed reitgnation 
amongst them, which touched us more than 
clamoroos grief would have done. Of what is 
still more ahodting In such pUDea»lavity— . 
there was alsa none— not a single Instance of 
the swearing and attempted tncks generally 
seen In sndt places at nome. Leaving the 
court, we entered a large prison.raom, most 
fritffatfully crowded with men, womoi, and 
obTldren, who were to depart that morning. 
Dr. Haiy and another member of the com- 
mittee were seated near ibe door, and by them 
stood the prinoEpal kemer, who had the long 
lilt of names in bii hand, to each of which was 
added a brief notice of the crime and history of 
the iudiridoal. Always, as a new name wu 
called, the person came forward from the 
crowd, and, before pairing out to have his 
chains put on in tbe yard, was asked whether 
he had any application to make. Many of 
them had nothing to ask ; others bad petitions 
about wife, or culd, or relations, whirii ware 
ahnost Invariably granted. If tbe request be 
of a kind which cannot be fulfilled without a 
short delay, the visitors' powers go so far as to 
entitle tbeot to deCsr a priaoner's departure for 
■ week. • • • 

" The i^pUcationa vere, of course, of very 
different kinds. One man, for Instance, a Jew, 
came forward and begged that be might be 
granted ri^t days' deUy, as his brother, also a 
convict, would arrive the following and 
It would be tome consolation to them, even in 
disgrace, to travel together. Woold this very 
natural prayer have been granted In England ? 
Here it was Instantly complied with { axid the 
poor man » be had been condemned for a spe> 
cics of forgery — drew back overjoyed into the 
throng. A female who had volunteered to ac- 
company her husband, and had an infant in her 
arms, wished that they might be allowed to 
remdn a Itttl^ to give time for reoei^ng au 
answer to an spplication which they had made 
to see whether the parish would allow their 
other child to acctmpaov than. This also was 
conceded. In esplanation of this case it may 
be suted, that by tbe law, if a prisoner wish to 
hare hu wife mth him, and the Is willing to 
go (she cannot be compelled, banishment to 
Siberia oancelllmr the bonds marriage], go- 
vernment payi all her ei^enBai (m.tbe^umey, 
but she must assume the convict uniform, and 
go ahmg with the train_not tied, nor In it, 
but bewid it— in one of the carts for infanu 
and baggage. With children the case Is dif- 
ferent— tiMBy bdimg to the parish, not to tbe 
parents. £acb pariah and each proprietor 
having an Inteiait in keying thrir pmolation 
as hi^ as poesible, parentt are not allowed to 
claim any above five years of age when boys, 
nor above seven when girls. Boys in parti- 
cular, parishes are very unwQling to part with ; 
M may be ezpeeted in a ooantry where the 
numbers to be drawn flor the army in each 
parish depends not on the amoont of popula- 
tion at the moment of drawing, but on the 
amount a short time before; so that the cou- 
sctiptioa falls more heavily on those who re- 
main. If they part too readily with youngsters. 
SomeUmes, however, great indulgence Is uewn, 
both by proprietors and oommunitles; henc^ 
even in this place of misery, we saw several 
happy fitmilles- yes, bqppy, for they wwe all 
together, father, mother, and three and four 
children. To nidli groups exile was bnt a 
name. [A sad and horrid one thoujrii.— 
L. G.} There were other nomi fuu of con- 



ricts going away. Amongst tb«n wen some 
interesting prisoners, a few of whom will be 
mentioned below. The ceremony just de- 
scribed was gone thrangfa with all, and by the 
time we returned to the principal court, fetters 
bad been placed on nearly the whole band. 
It is a anal oper^on. neMtenoonristofa 
eonplaorheavy ironriogv one §or oadi and^ 
umted by a wain generuly two feet long, or 
rather more, and made of links each fnor or five 
inches in leo^. The chains are not placed on 
the naked skm, but over the short boot. In- 
stead of being Cssfened by a padlodt, however, 
so as to be eully removed at idgbt, the wisonar 
isnevtt relieved of them till M readi nil jour, 
ney's end : the diains an riveted by the cse* 
cutioner, who drives an Iron bolt through the 
ankle-rings, and, by strong hammering, flattens 
it at both ends, in moh a way, that nothing can 
take it out — it must be ont through by main 
force. While the chaining Is going on, the 
seijeant who Is to take cbuge of the priaonen 
on their journey standi by ul the tlioe, to sae 
that all an secured to his satisfacUon ; ibat Is, 
in such a way as he thinks wUl justify him In 
answering for thdr safe keeping with hia own 
life. Of the whole band, o^ one remained 
still standing by the block. He was pained by 
tbe tightneu of the ring on one ankle. There 
wu soma heshaUon aboul xenoviag It, but the 
doctor Interfered, and It was taken o& Then 
came tbe hammering anew>~a barbarous right ; 
every blow went to tbe heart. The prisoner 
puts his foot on a block. In the middle of which 
stands a small anvil, the height of the ankle. 
The strong oeoutloner, dad in a short coane 
great ooat, seemed to have Uttla pleanra In hia 
task. Then was confusion In bis looks and 
manner; his dishevelled hdr, partly concealed 
by a ragged cowing, hung mldly abont hJs 
face ;' but though then was something savage 
about him, he looked, on the whole, shy and 
timid, as if unwilling to be seen in such worit. 
The who^ band being now ftttered, they wen 
wain mustered In the yard, after which a new 
Kftainlng wimmenred ; uiey bad still to be linked 
four and four together by the wrists. At the 
bead of tbe line a little table wu standing, 
covered with copper coin, from which every 
man wu racriving. In advance, a certain part 
of this daily allowance, government giving each, 
for his maintenance, for^-d^t kopedE.8, or a 
fractkn lasi than fire-penoa a-ds^. To eaib 
woman who •ooosnpanles her husband, half that 
sum Is allowed, and for each child sratething In 
proportion. As the moment of starting ap. 
praaebed— tbe moment when for them the 
worid— our world— ahouUoaaM to have any In- 
terest for when «D0» theae gatee an pasaad 
tbey an oonddiMd aa daad, sBt off f ram iodb^ 
—wa wan Bum than em itnufc with the eslm 
. bearing of the troop. So far firam being sad or 
repining, they looked almost cheerful and wil- 
ling to go. This feeh'og Is bsplred by the 
general lenfencv of tbdr treatment. Some of 
tbe officers emiuoyed about them may bo harsh, 
. but the system, u wu remarked by one of our 
party, well acquainted with the prison dlsdpline 
of England, Is in many things much more in- 
dulgent than our own. They an warmly 
doued, provided with stnHig shoes for the 
journey, and plentifully fed. If rick, they are 
also cand for. All being now ready, the final 
some wu gone throu^ by the doctor asking— . 
it is the last dianoa thay have of making tbcir 
vRoU knomi— Whether they wen satisfied, or 
had any request stltl to make ?* All r^Ued, 
* We an contented ; wa have nothing to ask.* " 
Each day*a journey is from twenty-two to 



JOURNAL OP THE BELLES LETTRES. 



00 



to^xtaen two-Alrds mllM EngUdi), but never 
more dun tba ordinary milituy in«rdt, sod 
thrn are booMi of thelter for than ovw<nigbt> 
The eieort 1* alwayi rallered at Aon Inter, 
▼all. • • • 

" There wu one case fn vblch even hit be> 
ntroleDoe ooold waroely aay a word : it waa 
that of a murderer, who pleaded hard for rs. 
laaie. He had auasainated hii wife, hie dread- 
Ail crime being aggravated by drconutancee of 
nnnanal atroaty. For tbia be bad nceired 
•entence of death, as we ihould lay In England, 
though the term will not apply in RuuU, 
where, ai formerly Rtated, the punf«hment of 
death ii now almost unknown. But though 
hia life had been ^red, it was to be a life of 
aoffering. Beaidea being oondemned to con* 
stant labour In the moet deadly oocapation 
within the bounds of Siberia, he had been pu. 
niihed with the Icnoiit, branded with hot irons 
on each cheek, and had the word * murderer * 
stamped on his brow. These disfiguring stains 
added to the sinister cxpressicm of his coun- 
tmanca; and there vete sone hedde him with 
looks fiiUy as forbidding. * » 

** Among the prisoners who most attracted 
nar notice, was a btadc-mouitachoed, powerful- 
looking man, still young. His manly and band, 
aome, though fierce countenance, would have 
excited Interest, oven If seen In company of a 
very diffarent stamp ; bnt be stood alone, and, 
to our sorprise. seemed to be shunned by his 
companions. Think who he was — the execa* 
tloner of Moscow, now loaded with chiUns, and 
on hit way to Siberia ■ And for what P The 
poor wremh's crime shewed him to have still 
eomethlnff good abont him, notwithitandiog 
Ua lerriUe office. It la the law, that when this 
altoation beeomea vacant, any one condemned 
to Siberia may have his sentence oommuted, 
provided be accept the unenviable poet. He is 
still a prisoner, but la allowed to lire by him- 
self, and to go about free within the walla df 
the prison. Some time before, this man had 
accepted the office, but was soon so disgusted 
with the bloodv task, that he made his es. 
cape ; was caogfat again, and now irrevooaUv 
banished. • • • ' 

Two oF the oonricts bad been condemned 
for returning from Siberia. They were de- 
tected on reaching their native districts. One 
of Acm waa so old, that it was impoaslble he 
ooiild sUnd this seocmd journey; yet, -old as 
httwas, he oonid not forget his home : he had 
trudged timmgh a tboosaud dangers, and acrosa 
a thousand wastes, to tee it but once ere he 
died— all thia, too, with the oeruinty that he 
wonld be dTBCovered and sent back, nnder worse 
drcumatanccs than before, beaidea receiving 
aevere ooipontl imnishment. We were mocb 
movwltofindaPoUdiBoblemaiiinooe of the 
reome, nodlstlngnished from the lowest thieves 
and bone-stealers. Hia pale and wasted ap- 
pearance toM how much his degradation was 
preying upon him. Conversation with him 
was, of oourse, not permitted; but we ware 
loU that be had been guilty of falslfj^ng some 
Romnment pifan. Thesigfat of this unhappy 
uidlvldnal Induced ns to try whether we coold 
obtain infmmation about the way In which 
priKNieit of rank were treated ; bat we learned 
little on this unwelcome subject. It was ad- 
mitted, however, that they are compdled to 
mardi the whole way on foot, the same as the 
oOten, and akMig with the others ; tills, too, 
whatever tbrfr offence may have been — whe- 
ther the charge be of a political or of a criminal 
nature, no distinction is made. The only In. 
dolgeoc* we oooU hear of.,and aveo of tUs wa 
m dmbtfol, fly tbM tbej an lodgad at ni^t 



In a leas crowded plaee, and, duMh (bey w^ 
with the rest, are not dudnad. To tUs latter 
part of a nobleman's indulgences, however, we 
accidentally discovered an exception. In the 
very case of the Individual now menttoned. 
FcHgetting what he had just been tokL abont 
no nobleman being fettered, one of as asked 
whether he had chains on like the rest. * Oh, 
no,' at (mca answered the doctor i hot shortly 
after tha poor man h^penei to mova asUa hfa 
loM prison-ooat, when it was aeeo that ha waa 
loaded like those we had left. The doctor, 
thoucfa Indignant at the abuk^ waa yet over- 
Joyea at the disooverv, as it gave him an c^por- 
tunitv of ordering that the chains sbeald In- 
stantly be removed, having bean tmpoeed In 
direct vldation of the law. It U hl^y pro- 
baUe that, whatarar tba ralea may be on ilila 
aubjeot, the keepers take the law in thetr own 
handa when once oat on the raareh ; for, nnleai 
here, there la no phne where a prisoner's voice 
is heard— there is none to take the smallest 
interest in them : In fact, they are not heard 
of more than if dead." 

Wa hasten to drop the oortdn over this 
dismal scene. 

From the tone of our extracts, it will be 
seen that Mr. Bremner takes a very favourable 
view oT the character of the emperor, as well as 
of the government and fuojh « Roasia. 



Mmoin of *fe&i» Aoaiiiitsr, Ceaiedbm. By 
John Adolphna. S nda. 8vo. Londen, 1898. 
Bentley. 

JoBM BairiiisTXK waa bom In 1760, and died 
In October 1836. Hewaa the ami ofChartea 
Bannister, a very popular actor; and, nnder 
the patronage of Oanick, made hia firat appear- 
ance on the ati^ at the age of eighteen, and 
oonttnuad to adorn It daring thirty4even yeara. 
He retirad fhmi It, In 1816, admired, esteemed, 
and regretted ; and lived respected and beknred 
to theicloae of hia lionoarable career. Neither 
the public boards, the sodal circle, nor tho do- 
mesnc hearth (having married Miss Harper in 
1783 and had a nameroas family), aver bo as ted 
of a mm mora deeanrlng rf all the good tiiat 
attended him than JcAn Bannlatarl 

And even after hia death he baa been forto. 
nate ! He hw been fortunate In a blognpher. 
The sound and manly sense of Mr. Admpbua 
has been well employed upon a iound and 
manly snbjeet. Then is no stage trickery In 
cither, no puffing, no hnUowneas, no exaggera- 
tion, no straining for effeeta— but only dmpU- 
city, natore, and truth. We ddlght to see 
audi a wwk mi a dramatic biography; for It 
ia, to ai, a paifoel novdty to 8nd, instead of 
the uoal tind and fil^oy, iterifaigmaa and 
adldity. 

Let ns be candid however ; It was only when 
we had conduded the Utter half of the seeond 
vdome that we entertained these of^nlons. 
The vrevione porUon, thoogh aboonding with 
excellent criticism, and reviving the memory of 
nearly all the pieces whidi had been performed 
during the period, as well as of the performers 
who strutted their hoar In them, seemed to ua 
too modi of a eaMJcyw roiseiUe, and thereflm 
mora dry than wa antic^atad in ■ memoir of 
Bannister. ValtiaUe m a rttmiA of the stage, 
w« hankered after mora penosial and anaodotl- 
oal llhiatratlon,and this wai not gratified tUI 
we oame to the later pages. 

The whole is, as might be expected from the 
known talent and nputMion of the author, ex- 
tremdywdl written; and It will now ba oar 
pleasant task to shew that then ia also no ladt 
of vary ureeaUa natter. 

Up w7797>8, Baiminer Hrcdln Frith Stnat, 



wUoh ba filttad foa Oowar Slseec, where he 
passed the rewa l ndet of hie daya ; and Mr. 
AdoljAna talla OS 1— 

An atieodeia is loeaaded coocemiag this 
change: it may not range In the irst hne of 
wit, bat it thaws at least tha advantaga derived 
from ready good-humour; a quality which 
galas so many ftleaidi, when wit craatea so 
manyenaaieet which attawa tho path af Ufa 
with tha tweet and inaoxtoaa vldeti lliteild of 
the firagnnt bnt thorny ivea. He dnvw oot 
balconies finira tha front ef his dmwIng^Mm 
windows; a prc j set l on not known in any ether 
boose In the street, in vModon, perbape, to 
some obMHe In the bnildbig leaee. The parhdi 
aDtboritieB,havliwBoaathed«yatall, same to 
remeostraia^ oIlMg thai It waa •antary to an 
actof parUaawait BauiatariaiidiJbaiidad tha 
dignity «t tha chor eh waadan by aayii^f, * SUr, I 
have studied acta of ^ya, bat I navar BMddled 
with acts of parilaaaot.* Tha spiritual and 
temporal officer (for such Is a ohorehwarden) 
retreated} and at Aa Doha of Badfoed, er his 
navar taok vp dm InpotiaDt foaadraf 
tba balooniHtendn avaa miia drfs day.** 

Hera is a Ilka aaaedote of hie fothar's ready 
wit t— 

While ba waa nnder axaainatlon as « wit- 
nets In the Court of King's Bench, tha kwd 
ohisf Jnatioe rothrlng, caoaed a temporary sua* 
penaion of theproceedlngt. One of the learned 
eoonad, by my ef daaaantry, aaked Cbaries 
With aU my haait,* ha anawared. 



foraaoog. 
<IfIoan hm an 



VudBaat.' Tba bar^ 
rister replied that he had no maslo there. * I 
wonder at that,* Mid Charie^ 'for yon aeem 10 
have tha band nnder yoor noee.' ** 

In 1807-8, Bannister's foaaous « Bu^" was 
bnn^l oat, and we gladly **>U earselvesof 
an lyportani^ to raoall it la natloe byqaoting 
from ft, whleh w« ahall udMvaqr to « aaxt 
week. 

Thit " Budget " was vnadngly anccaidtil ; 
bat, Indeed, all BanalMsr*a theatrical coarse 
waa one auooeaa. It was moat deserved, and 
we never can tmpx dw asnaina tostimoay to 
hia great pewaea and wmth lAidi wa witnessed 
wheat ba took hie teawalL Taodriag thia 
event, Mr. Addphos rdates esma interesting 
partloalare. Tbu^ 

" In antidpatlna of this event, ha nodved 
many gratifyiDg taadmonlala, althmgh one was 
not unmixed whh disappointment. He bad 
sdidled and depended m the aid of fais nataral 
ally in the field of eomedy, Mrs. Jordan ; but 
die wrote hbn a letter, fai whisk irimlever of 
bitter there might be in Uf Mkin to obtain 
the boon he requmted, was amply oempenMad 
by the warmth and ondoobted dneerlw af the 
klndneas which acoonpanied the refhaah 

•••MaratM- 
« 'My dear 8ir,-.Y«>r lattar came at die 
tima Sir <Hlbm Bhaa, my phyaidan, wm with 
ma, or I woold net bm eeit yaw eervant 
away without an antwor, fiw It was my fatten- 
tion to have written to yea at all events tliia 
evening. I am wy ill, and, In the slatearity 
of my good wishes, raqoeet yoa to giva up all 
thoughts of me. 1^ hadtn Is in so vary pra> 
carkMs a state that llim apt been two oayi 
together out of my own loom ainee myretorn 
home: ao sltnated, I hafe been oUIged to re- 
Aiae many appUcatkms, indodiBg one very 
presdng one ftmn tbe Caledonian Sedety. I 
bavo been obliged to give ap one ef eonsMer. 
able advantage, that waa to have eami a encad at 
tiUavary tiiaei aadlhaMtaamaahraaeonto 
liiar that I tteU ba nader dMnaoeadtyoffiir. 
UtiogeaaatiUiaereBat tlkat,too,waatohava 
bCBBB at Aa ttA ofAlt Hmtfu Md fahna 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



::UHHUY GAZETTE, AND 



fpnrlndfJ tlw middle oi Juae. Von peroeire 
boir nsfbrtniMnly I ua tinated, Ibr if 1 
■hoold Iw wdl anioi^ ta (bgr m th* Itt of 
Jong Id LobAod, I AooU Im able t» fuIAl my 
eng^nnenu in tbe coantry t it iiot> tM 
oooiequeDCS woatd lie thac I mtW dieippeiot 
yaa. Added to thi>, my frfead and medical 
adviser U rery anaioiia tkat I ihoold gira op 
erery ide& of plQlas tU* nmiMr, aad, a» aoon 
at I an abla^ to r^alr to tke a m ri Je^ from 
whldilfdCiiwdiNlierkBtyeBr. Domathe 
juRtice to beUe*e, dmt, {ndAandent of my own 
sufferlDKBt (t ii a reel mortiscadon to me to be 
daprtved id the« what iban I Mty* plearam or 
pHio ? — of wltnemin g tlie leit eawdoaa et one 
of the mott genuine performera of the ege. 
Bl^ every haf|iimM attend yDaI->Vonn^ 
aineeraly, * Doka JomsAir.* ** 

Tbe conohidoB li to onr miads perfimly 
beaudfuli U nodttde na ef one wHo waa net 
only ttu oomlo ntnae In aB aooonpUifamenta, 
hat in being aU nacun and Undnam «C hoart> 
But we are fortber infinned:^ 

" Tom Bibdio, who officiated ai prompter on 
the ooeauoB, lelatee an aneedole, wbtofa* tOt Ite 
wbim, ia invthy to bo preoemd. *At the 
oonctnaion,' be aayi, * Mr. BannUtar mad* me 
a preMot of Ua own book, from wMdt I had 
praopted, m, a lowMitfr, on which I wrote, or 
nuher made* the fiAowiog Impnn^tn • 

To tMd Uwitaa, 
Adc wouM ban giTcn die Dorid (norfre It 

Aa gcnutna truth) t 

WbaMKhtamatU 
lit ^wUj gK^T* TIM Wodd to IMV* ik'* 

(We ihooM ofceerre, that tbe fhif acted on 
tbe occasion wv " The Worid."] 

Mr. AdolplinB thna noaa op oia tliemt, and 
cirea a leaeon to the p f o f wrion in tho pBttam 
U juady palnta >~ 

*^ Aa a aemnt of tho pabKc, Ua eondnet waa 
most eminently nemplary. No yoathful im. 
goUrily^ or haUtnu propedaity, eren, for a 
(iii^o night, kept hin mm tbe perfoimanee ef 
bia doty, antneated an aodtance to diaappoim- 
mant, IM toe umuag e i under tlie neoeaaHy of 
tendering an ap nid g) , or pUoad ham in tb» de- 
grading poaitkB of aolkaing pa«don for the 
t»%i or foitawMCO ftr the pMent. What- 
ever guata. or oven atorma, might be ezeited by 
popufar feeling, hie behaviour, fbr btm being 
atifoat or eringiagf waa afaraya irm and nmnly, 
yet reapeetfuli aad wlian pabHe joathse daened 
th« coodeaanaiiea ef any piece, ftaaw ahn^ 
appeared a reinotaace to tnAiGt pain on Um, a 
aort of anapiivo aiamiaiy for honeat Jarit Ban- 
niaior. In adtfttDn lo hia graac wal far dte 
pleaavre of thofoblie, he-alwaTa evtoead, whh- 
ont oeieniatiOBy a trao ngard /or the i n terea u 
of the hanaa^ a lotid forga^laeaB of ril par< 
Bonal feelings and a determination to exert all 
his powcra in pmaaotiog the gooerri wdflM- 
Thna, when he W been eekbratod hi any cba. 
laate^ if ia waa omayod by aaotbor plajngr, ha 
ovinaed aahhw aavy par dlwailalhortnn i bai 
retired from the pieee, or aeeeptod a diftrent 
ehareeier In It, ao aa pan ntoaamry. 

Hia daoceat from tbo lover of Opbt^ to bar 
grave^igger has raeently been nociced; eo, 
when be waa called opon to flmy Fnmcle, he 
never demanad booono ho had p erfa noo d the 
Prinee of la tho iamo "^aeet when 

DowtOR waa bno|^ ftrward is Sbmm^ 
Etiiitoa pfaiyed tbe thne Sin^aa, BannlMor 
ditplayedr net the ril g b iea t dlaeomaal, bat waa 
aolinowMgad by boui peafomwra aa an ied- 
nurte and eseeileat friend. In hie whole ca- 
reer, hie effart waa to win Ae great prfae of 
pubUa favour by vigwouaiy preesiiig forward 



imbyl 



b«k ail pomnwisHilM «(■«••' 



obaoored and fab offona natralued many yean, 
beoaoae other pe if or m m retathnd • aoft «S 
i^niond VNfmir In porta whM ho iboMd 
UriMalf aUa to ploy with oonKoamtM «biU«y, 
but hlf waiaudoQa ware ne^r a» ngod aa to 
faapedettaMKnaaefanyothertalMdtul.* * 
There u a aort efiAMway (ftaradW^ imithig 
tbe pathoo of tvage^ wiA tbe hilarity of oo- 
medy, in wUA he wae^M^arir great, and, If 
tho eitiraBilDn may bo nied wUttimt omiae, 
unrivaM. Let those, and tbey are BtiH many, 
who reoidim hiai ta m IoiwIIdo Of dmra ct — . 
in 8adi, far aaample, La QMns Sehaeabadk, or 
Waiter apeak their feettngt, and T Hn <*rt«in 
they moit aeevd wttii nune on this aobject. 
His power over tbe aadteoce wat derived from 
tbe lioiple, though not very nsoal me«na of 
ai^earfa^K to b» unooaaehna of ih^ pi edia n ce. 
Ho not only hid no tn^ Aor 4Mir apflame, 
oaad Da geetoree, faxAta, or eibrta to obtaiii h, 
but iriian it was givoft apootadeooaly, and even 
mmdltaonalr, he wba neror driven from the 
boihiaksof thoaoanoi If hia vdoe eitald not for 
a tidie be heard, his aodon norar was aospended, 
and the chancier tn Ifce piky waa mrvor for a 
moment set edde to shew the eaateniod^ the 
ov«r|oyed, tboelatoluUvidiia^Bdnliltter. He 
acquired faaoe by deeerriiig, not by oonMAg ft, 
and whUehe enjoyed pubUomwabatiimwith 
all the snaibflity of his txedlent heart, he 
never In pnblle or In private shewed an affeeled 
oomplaoaDoy or an*ovte weening pride.* 

Towarda die eloee, we have aeleetlorn ef 
correspondence, parts of diaries of occaalonhl 
tonra, Ac, ttid a Utt flf kbaot ^tn- kmiSnd 
eharaeterafai wUA Ur. Baahiatar hodappearM. 
I^nota tbeae and rdeoUeettana (for aome of iMA 
the aatlior g ap ram m hie obNgatlona to oar oM 
friaml Pyne, tbo anthor of " Whie «Ad Wal' 
Auta," who eon ao wiH fimrish jdoms fbr any 
Mrfc bahmghig to any of the Ane arts daring 
ihbMriod) wa aalatt Am fbUowIng I-- 

<* Bamiiator, It waa otaervo^ p Bwmii d the 
meet inU|{lna^ t he was rieUv lUostratlve, 
lag Ma itorlea with llvdy epiaodea 
hmaiad for tbe otcaehm, ahmys striking and 
apt. Honden, whbont any con si der a Me por' 
ti(m of his in^vOmptn wH, oompenaated try his 
graM, dry hnmoilr, thobudligonoa of hia eye, 
and the droHery of Ua kek. Among other 
phasawrim wMofc fteyerirtMted, hot fa parties 
estrenwiy private^ were Imhationa of the hx^, 
apeecb, and gew ur ea, of tbrir aover^ga, Geor^ 
Oie TbM. In these efRwtt it waa doubted 
whkh had the taperlor ft y. Neither Mtempted 
to mdte the king an ofc^ of ridhSole, bat 
each exblUtaA him as be waa abcwa by iiUnj 
In earkataM Mgrwfifgl, irbieh th* kii^ him- 
adf dellghtaa to oiiunlMi wMi all hik peoil- 
liarities, but free from any thing whldi coald 
be oooacmed Into ridicole or disrespect. In tbe 
preoeding reign, tbe Jaoobhea, at the Coooa-t^, 
eogi^ed a playv, who Mold mimic George the 
Seeond, regohrly to attend th^ udetingn, and 
to repreeent the king fn Us tent'at the battle 
of Dettingan, at the Wee, or on throne In 
the hoose of lords, delivering hfl apeecb, that 
they might ajoy Ae pleasare of seeing Um 
rilifled, if they ooald not hope for the Bsllrfac 
don of seeing him dethroned. Bad snch a 
dttb still axis ted, the membert mold never 
have opened thirir doors to Bannister or MaO- 
dmi ; and If they had, they would have doaed 
them again in anger and disappointment ; but 
cenain^ nritbw perfonoer woold have accepted 
their invItatioD. When apprised of IHunden'i 
decease, which happened on tbe 6th of Febmary, 
Bannitter recorded his regret, deecriUng him 
ttone of the beat ooode acton that em trod 



Speaking of the hM of many oM acqnaint- 
anosa and ft4«idi^ Bfr. A. nxordt Aa death of 
Ifadnwe. 

In MiidDg tfao oveni; Bannlater, aayt, 
One of my nuiat valoed friends, Mathews, 
died kit Friday, In Us fifty.riinth yelir. He 
was a radly good f«How, and has not left msny 
better behind. I wn venr maA attached to 
Ubi, and he koa* it.* Tbeae onlamitles were 
fi^owad by otto toon irtar to Um, whaA feur 
fine yontba, oouieeted «iAi his tenlly, iftn 
drowned in one xaomifig. Bat Aete losses, 
wUdh the Inee of yters or the onezpecteA 
risltatlons of Providence brooght dn hbn, 
alAoogh they po«erfiilly affected Me feelh^, 
did not produce annninanlydfijectlon of sphitB, 
or any tttng ap proadiing to general ghmn or 
soartteH of temper. Bia eonveraallon widi a 
friead, in wUch he expre««ed hia natural re. 
grata, without ibregmng his cbaracteriatic 
gklety, bat wfafdi probably occurred a ftw 
years before all tfaeae ctAiaes of grief hbt acca- 
molated ardnud Mm, Is deserrlM of notice. 

Von may perhaps think H rather odd/ he 
said, 'hot there are finr drcnmrtancei fhat 
haveaetcreagatedOAuiyto make me melan. 
oholy aa ^ reoollectlan of Foote'e theatre, for 
snch I ntmember It fn my terly days, when in 
tbe snog comer of Soffblk Street, witli just 
l%ht enoogh In the pUsagtf to make * darkness 
vMble,* I need to gO there with rtiy father, and 
get my pocket «cfl stuffed with oranges : ah ! 
n<ma an ao sweet mfir I nor Is the laugh so 
krad, or tbe mirth so gay. After tme-legged 
Foote came tbe elder Colman, aiid then my 
esteemed friend, George Cotman the younger, 
aa he still perdsts in cafllng himself. I waa 
Mr. Bannister, junior, and Young BhnnfBter, 
In those days, tbdogh now, aa Squire Groom 
says, * Stiff as a tampike.' I (whrf« hove 
thought it t) hove Hved to see thne geOerationt 
of totn.fbols, Unghing, shwlng, lantlag, 
■trottiiig tbelr hour upon the itBge, then 
heatd no more,* while hero am I, aflve, and 
Iflsping, I wM going to say, but tor the twhige 
in my heri, whldi lemfnds me that I, too, am 
daaoandlog Into tho grave. I was tUnking of 
tbeae things tUs momlog, as I crept, or rather 
cnWM ahriig, and benm to fkncr mrself like 
tho wUidering Jew, who had ootllved I don't 
know how mafty generations. Yea, an old 
dear«p}t, wandering smouchey.* Jliit at tbe 
bioment, aft Israelite passed the window, crying 
<01d dotbes ;* he relmsed from the melandioty 
htoralht into tbe Jad: BanUster of the old<n 
thne, adapted Ua coontenafMO to the character, 
and bcffan. In exact Imitation of Ao itinerant, 
to cry, * Old olotha dothfswHI . rlothea,'— Iti 
a tone which wonU have allorad to their doors 
any aervtaita Who hadto dlipoae of aaperamuuted 

^'^^''have only to add that two capital 
portraits IRaBtrate these Votonies ; one as a 
private gentleman advanced In years, after 
Olnl; WBd the other after J. HoMell, R. A., 
as «Dr. Lenhtve," from a plctan by G. P. 
HatAog, In the Odrrtck CM>. 



Ifood'i Cotnio Armnal Is at last publiahed. 
The joke against other AnDuala has been that 
Uey would anticipate Christmas by Mldsum. 
hter; butoor prince of pantters acema to like 
Mvertfaig the Jest, and If he goea on at tUa rate, 
he wiH soon reath Lady-day for the New- Year'a- 
day pi^eceding. Bat no matter when published, 
his is a book for all seasons. Hit wit is all his 
own, and no imitation comes near him. Hia 
vety qadnt, groteaque, and most oblique viewa 
kr things and of uorrfr, afe not mdre wUm and 



Digitized by 




>t,iiot 



JUUHJNAL Ut THK BELLKS LETTKES. 



71 



wlam ot humamr Iml ofgaod fediog, bmfa u 
vcitanb iniytndaalcoiidiKS and the paUie iat*r> 
•Mi. Like Dickens, in hia " OUfst TwtA " 
■oi NidHlM Nieklatr^," all tbe divereities of 
■oeoe, duiMMer, umI writing, tend to a gsoenl 
hmUt Attn is 1^ itMretl pnper u be tw 
wed finm wntkheaep eyprewiw, tlw nMMnUe 
«T^a to beflmad tram Verltrfiin cdaaadtii, 
n- (it nmy lOM be) the annvBeoght tutory 
child to be nade tbe ebfect of human sywipatliy 
and conpaawMi. Thna, Hood'a Coneipondiiig 
Club i* eooi^ ta oeimrt ttonny poUtical pat- 
siocu into s fiagh ; a^, in alaart, all bis unti- 
aMitta, boiwrvr jlMfM or ludtcnoa, Mud (o 
the promotini of JtindUnew aiid bcDendenae. 




TtwCtoctTkEcL 



WUd SporU of the Weti : mlh Lependarp 
TaJea and Local SkeUAei. By the Author 
«f " Stories of Waterloo." Fji. 38?. Lod- 
dOD, 1839. Bcntley. 
This new eMam for ^'Bentley's Library" of 
one (rf the aoit stirring and i^irited works tf 
the diss of iriiiflh It u an omatnent, again 
cfaiois oiir ootloa and praise. Sporu health- 
ful, and many of them adrentnrous, have al- 
ways, when well described, possessed great in- 
terest, not only for those who bare aojoyfld 
them, but for the towD'Coiifiiied and sed«ntary. 
Sea the bant cross a conntry, and labour leans 
on fail spade, his plough, or his scythe, to watch 
its progress, if be does not throw them for the 
azciwd HKHDeot aside, to join In the diase and 
the shout. The fseluig iacoiamoa to mankinds 
Thecs is BMsething belonging to the primitive 
sute of nature in tbe pursuit and capture «f the 
wild deniseni of eardi and air; and aU take de- 
iMttiait. Jjoeky are these who, ddianrad tbe 
pwaeuM in the field, can, is a volasne like the 
present, enjoy it with Mr. Maxwdlia the closet. 

On, a aps rt ia p etthject, we may here ootioe 
No. !M of the New Sportiag M^;aiine," 
which, taking a more general range than is. 
nsoal with periodicals of Its class, boides being 
animated and smosing on matters connected 
with ita stepfr, tima, m ImtanDe, speaks of the 
Jat« Captain Mocriai 

Bbw qaiadr Jias lha teth«fCaptainAlw. 
ffia bean pannilMd to ba peasedoirer, by thou- 
saadB,co »h«n hia czquiatie songs liave eantti> 
baled hours «pon hoars of harmony and joy 1 
The sin of iagratitade lies at the door irf all 
■hosa who art b m mo a mU in the highist and 
nest lofiBed sanse»-.who itirsi after the pro* 
sperity of pom En^h lyric poelry,»and who 
ileal an hononrtng RSpeei for departed geuius. 
Why slaeys the naon asid tene of thii eatrft* 
aatogr —n fm4'mm»fA.m hewasao kafi 



from bis Taat, refined, and sodal pomes, with 
royal and noble drclas— idisbed as bis dunn- 
ing soags are by tlie hearts of 'otf circles,' how 
ts it that ^ ailenoe vraps thesnffering day,' sad 
that ralatires are apa t hetjo— p ablishew dull 
and nxiimcmit — aad die lows of tbe olaret-jog — 
tbe aaabogaay and the sweet verses *maRtod to 
iouKMal (iBM^'aiient aad unoomplahiing? Sag- 
lUh Liftofo ,pagticplarly £n^ish PMHeai 
literataia— hae a aetind right to demand the 
publication of dke lyrieal compositions of Cap- 
lain Morris f and it is an ifDMSBtire duty on 
his dascsodanu or represeotattTce towards the 
living and tbe deaH, to oemply at once with tbe 
demand. • • • • TImss oaght to be B 
race amongK the paMishari of the day, aa Im- 
portant and as fleet as that for the Darby <w 
Sc. I«ger,— Co secnretheiavahiablepiiae of the 
3iS. Murrag riumld make play at the start, 
and lead them up the hill with Benilet dose at 
his heel*, and CeUntnt in a OOOD placb. Tbe 
rack sbonld keep wdl together notil the cross- 
roads—when Smumdm mmd Qikf should draw 
upon the laadmg rank ; CMrnn and Bmbky 
should than die away at the stand t and Mnr- 
roy, afier a short struggle with CAtirtm and 
that 'little Red Rorer,* 7W, should win easy 
b^ a length— Afoflen, a good seixMid. But, se- 
noosly and earnestly to speak, we envy that 
publidber whose name is deslinari to Aw apon 
the title-p^oCso pfodons an addition to our 
literature, as the wwhs «f Captain Morris." 



1II8CBI.LANJEOU8. 

Grsecf , PietcrUi, Deaoriptive, and Histarieti. 
By Christopher Wordsworth, D.D., Head- 
master ef Harrow Sdiool, Ac dtc; && 8to. 
PP.3S. LandoniOnandCo. fidinbsi^: 
Obaaaben. 

Well, the age when JVmifier autherahlp was 
oottsideredtobe w^dip. mnat now sorely be 
oonsideied as havieg passed away. Not when 
a prmdpal piriilisher thereof, Alderman Kdly, 
r ea died tbe supreme dty dignity of Lord 
Mayor, did the system nedve so great an 
accession of honour as now whan we see a 
adtelar m amiMat as Dr. Wordsworth beeome 
thoediterofaBontUymblication. Tbapablio 
orator of Cambridge, the Hester of Harrow, 
the author of ^ AthMU and Attica,*' and die 
member of asany learned bodies, has ennobled 
our oraft, and henoeCorward, thongb only 
weekly, we shall bdd our heads at least a 
qnarter ef an teh hirter than aver. This, 
however, is • beantlAuly mnbaUiabed work ; 
and, we Bead hardly add, as far at the letter- 
prees aa yet enaUee us to judge, am likdy to 
do cmdit to our Utenrtare, nor disparage the 
name «f Ht author. 

The PilffrimU Staff, and ChritlianU Dailg 
Walk; a Seriet of McdUationt^ Itlustrathnu 
Iff Holy Writ^ OecaiioTtal PrayerM^ &o. By 
Henry Smith, of King's College, London. 
ISmo. pp. 370. London, 1839. Ball and 
Co. ; Riringtons, &c. &c. 
Tbis ii a very Christian volame, evidently the 
reiult of much reading, and containing many 
excellent quotations from the works of nume- 
rous eminent men, from tbe period of the 
Fathers of the Church to tbe present time. 
Besides being welcome to the relkions world 
in general, we think it may draw the attention 
of some of the dewy themselves, espedally 
ntdi as are young m thdr ministry, to va- 
luable writers, with whom they may be less 
intimately acquunted than it Is desirable they 
should be. 

Foellcol rolumM.— In tpito ofthcsotl-tastcfurpoeliT 
SKiflnd to the pubUci Mm vtriuniM weni to aocnmulatt 
■in oar table inter thsn vm\ sad «• imstianma. 



Csw of tbSBi^ibMra ^auUudc, by H. J, DuW. Pp. Soa 
(Loctwithlel, White;) A jounc asptiant't dolnn: how 
conld the vnlgarity (g. ]S3) Mcs^ejithei himself or hli 



ptinlarf'— AmMMk In Ttnt, 



WiJ(fat.) AH»tordnBmik,HsBk'vaMvaniM,arthe 
f&ct* of mluiouiT Uboun ia Tahiti: bitter In plain 
prow. — Kufand, cm HMoHeoI nwm, by John Walker 
Ord. Baq. (Loodoe, RoutUdge). Ai tMi I* s thlid edl- 
tkn. wt nuy Imv* tbe touuloe prodactkn of a younr 
poet {for It >s* written at the ^ of tweaty-ooer to the 
enconragmnt the public han accordod to ix—Thi 
Jnltmitimmt vr. tke WeHA Datroyti, Yff 3. M-Heniy. 
U.D. author of tbe " PleMOTM of Fnwdiliip," &c 
lZmo.pp.772. (Loodoo. Cradock.) "Ttiefoituneiand 
eattrtniplie of the antedlluvtsn wotM," are here made 
the mblect ot a nsmUrs poem in ten book*, which, frura 
it! «ic chaiact«r and extent, ombt, pnh«p!, to have 
receired from u» a lotiser and wparate r^iew. But 
Ifeaugh It If in Ml^ect mU dwawit la desifcn good, and In 
exacwtloii napectaai*. yst ith ■» mncfa mm of latloaal 
•cniible writing than « poetnr, that wa uink we my dn 
DMNV aunt ' " "' 



■oiMliluTian 



It j ml lee by uyinc no mofs t 
' 'm oplninaaf tlM 

worid dcitioyed \rtJ. It ' Henry."— hen(, 
Imger and thofier, by twma» Burbldge, qt Trln. (.'oil. 



. . _ _ wehaTeiiid. Wewin 

•othiBid the oplninaaf tbe titla^age, that It It '■ iho 



dcitioyed 



Cam. Pp. 386. (Louden, ncknlng.) Youthful tlTu- 
ritna poetical afpiratlosfc They uatdaflikiteima, dis- 
tbiclnctf, polith, and applicatloo. Dreanu muit be made 
like realitici to be Interettinc, and so muit |>ooCry be 
In*<ited with life. Inttnmieai, and truUi— not vasue, 
nmnlngieMi and thailowv. to nadi tbe imagination or 
touch the heart. Ur, Bunridge hai the well witliin him 
but be muit take care how he pounout Iti vnten. — The 
PatOemtWoHuttfyinEtmtBtunM. Pp-SSa iWaihboume. 
Canibtldget Grant.) A new and neat edition of this 
dcgant Latlnlit. In Engliih, though cla»ic in all, he wu 
bat one of thoM gentletnHi who wmte with eau.— statu 
makt ^■ ri wen qf a mtm EdMan, by N. T. Molle. Esq. 
of the Inner Temple, Special Plr^— Bro. pp. 401 

SLondon,atnpkh)«BdUanhsIL) bio the head of what 
Iving man, except a special idasder. coold it have entered 
to put ttate triali into vene r Here aie the trial* of Anne 
AyLib, for hexecy: SirW&IIam Stanley, for high trea- 
•on i and Haryi Qucea of Scot*, all oaae Into metre ; 
Uoclu, ibocto— racki, ass— head, dtad. iu. Sec The 
note* are ciulout; but we cmnM entenaln tbe author'e 
opinion, that auch nibjacti are moet Uttlngly dlscuned 
■ad twctibed In rhyme.— n* TtmaU; Saerti Fotmt ant 
MMtoRspdettHM, by George Hcrtiert. Pp.3Sa (Wash< 
bourne) Qu^nt sod curlou*. What a number of idea* 
are Matternl over thece pegetj the prodnci ofa coniem- 

Clve ■ndoTetflowlngmiDil. — OiMrf. Pp. 13- (Lon- 
GiooBbcldgSi) A little poon to point out the evil* 
of latemperance— undenlablei but not lo well done a* 
"WmandJssB." 



ARTS AHD SOIBNOES. 

aXOaKAVaiCAL SOCIXTT. 
MovDAT 26. Air. Hamilton, president, in the 
chair. Bead, extraots from tbe follotriugpapent 
— 1. 'A Letter from J. B. Pentland, Esq.' 
daud La Fax, 20th July, 1838. <' I start in 
two days for an exidoratwy tour along tbe 
eastern ahotci et ue lahe Titicaca, haring 
already examined the oppoilte side ; on my 
return to La Paa, I shall proceed to Cocba- 
bamba, vi& Yimgaa. I hare obtained from 
Qeneral Santa Cruz, a promise to employ a 
young £agltsfaman who has resided some years 
n Bolivia and fern, in the e:qiIoration of 
tbe course of the Apurimaq and other rirera 
desoendtng from the eattem Cordillera to tbe 
Alarafioo* This young nan haa health, zeal, 
and oooxagi^ a very ftir hnowledge of the 
use of mathematical instruments, and draws 
welL My idan Cor him is* first, to explore the 
course cf the Apurimac to its junction, and then 
to descend the Puros to where it joins the 
Amaxons. Ue will probaby descend tbe Apuri- 
mao, frooB near AhancaT, and fbQow the great 
water ceone^ into whiu the latter empties 
ittdf, to SurajFaco, where SmythV exploration 
bf!gan, and tubsequently embsric on the Purus, 
or its unier affluents. I hare recently dis- 
covered the bones of the mastodon near the lake 
of TiUcaca, at a height of 13,000 feet, and 
Aiaril sbelb in die 24a?Mk) de Antakaua 
in htitnde UT 21', at an elevation of 17,tlOO 
feet, above the sea. In November I Jiupe to 
visit the Cordillera of Caraogas {?}, remarkable 
for its active vohsanoes, and, on my return to 
fiorope, to gire at the GMpapltical So- 
Digitized by VjOOQIC 



72 



eiatf, » good acoonnt of tUi part of tbe worid." 
__2. * Notes OD a Much from Zoh^ at th« Foot 
^ Zagroa, Blmg tin Hountaiiu to KhUzistAn 
(Suiiana), and from thence throogfa the Fro- 
vinee of Luriitin to KiiminiMh, in the year 
1836,' by Major RairlinHn, of the Barabay 
army, aerriDg in Pacaia. Tttm Zdbib, whien 
lies about 100 milea N. £. of th« dty of Bagbdid, 
Slajor RairlinaoD travailed to the S^. along 
the foot of the Zsgroa ipountaiu, through 
Oilan, Zamah, the plain of Chaidawer, Sirwan, 
Setnu^rah, Diafal, the ruiu of Suaa. Shutter, 
to Mangaabt, on the rivar Jerabl, in Khutitt4n, 
returning thence to Diafnl, he continued to the 
northward to Khorxemib^ BiBitdn^ and Kir- 
nanshab, a jonmey of about 600 inilea>-eome 
of it throu^ an almoat unexplored country; in 
the course of which Major Rawlinson viaited 
the ruina of aeveral ancient titea — cc^iied na- 
meroua iaBcriptioni, and othenriae carefully 
investigated the comparative geography of Su> 
■iana, mpacting which there ii great oonfnaion 
in vrm our best mapn. The paualik of Z<A6b 
is a diatriet of oooaiderable eztast, lying at the 
foot of the audent Zagroa. It is bounded on 
the N.W. by the course of the river Diy^b, 
on the E. by tbe mountains, and on the S. by 
the stream of Holwin. It formed one of the 
ten padialiks dependent upon Baghdid, until 
about thirty years ago, whm Htdianmed *AJi 
Mini, prince of Rirminahtih, anneud it to the 
crown of Persia' The town of Zoh&b was built 
Axiut a hundred years ago by a Turkish paaba, 
and the goremmenC continued to be hereditary 
in hia family till the oonqueac oi tbe paabalik by 
tbe Fersiana. The capital wai surrounded by a 
mud wall> and may hare at first cmtainad about 
lOOOhouses. FromitaFrontIerposition,howerer, 
it has been expoaed to constant spoliation in the 
wars between Turkey and Persia, and ia now a 
mass of ruins, possessing scarcely 200 inhabited 
housea. There are about twenty families of 
Jews here, and the remainder are Kurds of the 
Sunni sect. At the northern extremity of tbe 
disuiot of Zoh£b is the little plain of Semfrfim, 
a natural fastness <^ the most extraordinary 
strength, which is formed by a range of lofty 
and predpitous monntuns, extending in a 
semicircle from the river Diytflab, here called 
the A'bi-Shfrwdn, and enclosing an area of 
about 6 miles in lenathf and 4 ia breadth. The 
A'bi-Shfrwdn is only fordaUa ia thia part of 
its course for a few months in the year ; and 
the passes of the mountain-barrier of Semfrim 
may be defended by a handful of men against 
any numbers that can be brought agwnst them. 
Tlw name of Semfrim could not fail to call to 
my recollection the Asayrian queen, Semiramis, 
whom Uie aadents beUered to have adonied 
Penia with many magnificent works of art. 
therefore searclted eagtfly tot ancient mana< 
ments ; and though I failed to discorer any In 
the plain itself, yet, across tbe rirer, at tbe dis> 
tanco of about 12 miles, on tbe road to Suleimi- 
nfyah, I heard of sculptures and statues which 
would well merit the attention of any future 
travellers in this country. The place is called 
fa K'al'ab, tbe foot of the caatla, or But 
Khiinafa, the id<d temple. From the hillaabove 
Seminim, the plain of Shahri>xlir, with its 
numeroua village8f ia distinctly visible, and on 
a clear day the town of Sule'imioiyah may be 
seen bearinff N.W., at the distance of about 
fiO miles. The western boundary of Semfrim 
is formed by a pndongMion of the diain called 
Kar<-ulgh,tli70n(^ which the river forcesits way 
by a nanov and preeipitons cleft t to tbe south 
of the rivar the mountains rise up most abruptly, 
and to a vary ooDsIdarabls alevatioo, proMwy 
abou MQO mt ibm dM^aiOtUdiiniaihanGa 



the range atretcbea in a aoooeaaion of rocky 
heights for about 50 milea, in a southeriy direc- 
tion, till it is lost in the sand-hills to the west 
of Zob&b. These heists compose detadied 
hfll-forta of great strength. From Shcokbfo to 
Zohdb tbe fflitanoe ia 6 fanakfas; Hat xoad ra. 
crosses the range by a very easy pan called Sar- 
Kal'al, and frmn thence trareraea an open 
conntiTto ZtAib. The distance from Sonfrto 
to Zobib by thia route, through Herabel, 
flarin, and Sbmkhto, ia about 60 miles. 
Oildn has bean Uid down by U^or Beonell, 
as the repreaeotative of the Bootian oolony of 
Cdonc, and has been adopted as audi, without 
farther discussion, ia all subsequeatnu^; but 
this I bdieve to be Incntact t tor the manh of 
Alexander on Ecbatana, which snggested the 
verification, should be drawn from Susa instead 
of from Opia, as Major Rennell supposed; 
and it will be foonid upon thia line that Cdons 
was much too near to 8aaa to coincide with 
the poiitioa of OiUn. Neither does tha nmte 
aorOBB Mount Zi^oa by QiUn appear ever to 
have been genwally followed. The | 
between Qi]£i and UirOa-HAA are very diffi- 
cult; and the intervening country ia moat iadif. 
ferantlyfumiahedwithauppliea; tothat,hadthe 
march of Alexander commanoed from Opa, he 
would oertainly have foUowad tha Udwnad by 
the gatea of Z^froe rather than thia ^ficnlt and 
barren trade At Zamah ara found the ruins 
of a large dty. There is a tapah, whidi 
conceive to mark tlie site of the dtadel, little 
inferior in site to the one at Gilin ; and the 
foundations of buildings, now nearly levelled 
with the surface ot tlw grouad, azlMid over a 
apace of pvbaps five nmaa In dnnmiaieDce. 
Tbe aeries of valleys which extend along the 
great chain of Zagros to the confines Su- 
siana, and are divided by a line of parallel 
ridges from the plains of Assyria, form one of 
the least known, and, at the same time, one (rf* 
the moat interesting countries of the East. 
Here was the origiiud seat of the Bhunites, 
when they migrated from Babylon | and from 
hence they spread tluur oonqueats over Su- 
siana, and the adjoining districts to the east- 
ward, which thus assumed the title of Elymais. 
The ElymMUis are disUnctly spedfied by . 
Strabo, In nnmaroos passages, as inhaMting 
along Mount Zagroa, on the southern confines 
of Media, and overhanging Babylonia and 
Sosiana. The most andent name of the coun- 
try appears to have been tbe |dain of Arioch, 
frmn whence the King of tbe Elynueana came 
to the aadatance of the Asayrian monarch at 
Nineveh. Hia capital I believe to have been 
tlw vary city of Zamah, the ruina of which I 
have just naentiooad ; for I hava dboovared 
that aa Ute as tha tUrtaanth century of Christ 
it actually retained the name of Ariyfihfin. I 
also suspect that this same place represents the 
Hara of tbe captivity, which must certainly be 
looked for in. the vidnity ; and further, there 
can be no doubt that it is likewise identical 
with the Aarian of Benjamin of Tudela, where 
he states himself to have found 20,000 familiea 
of Jews.— Mr. Ellis exhibited anewly drawn 
map of the world, as known to the andenta, 
and gave sajne account of the authorities he 
had consulted in its compilation. He noticed, 
among other points, that the positions of Nel- 
cynda, Mundiris, and Barace, have been mis- 
taken, and that he has liKle doubt but that 
■bay will be found to correspond ztspootlvaly 
with die modem sites of Antapdy, Yallara- 
puly, and Cochin, on the western coast of Bin 
dostan. With regard to Maroe^ it is highly 
probable that Skrabo designatea the poaition 
awdi of Shendy «• Hecoe, fimn the drami- 



stance of its being the capital dty at the time 
in which he wrote, and Ptolemy has fixed upon 
Maraweh as that of his later time. The dis- 
tance in stadia, as given by Strabo Aram Era- 
toatbanas, ara alraoat minately cerraet, and tha 
diita&oes betwaen Manmah and tha atatlona 
on the Nile roond tbe bend northwards, till 
we readi ibe jonodon of tbe Nile and TaoaM, 
are tbe aame aa those laid down by Ptolemy 
with erroaeoDs Utitode and longitude. 



IiITBBABY AMD UARHBD. 

UiriTKMITT IVTKI-LIOEXCK. 
Ozpoan, JSaasry tb— Tba CaHowIag dsgiMi wan am- 

htndi— 

Bochdor and Dsdor in nriniiy, tmAeatmu la llM^Rn. 
T. Rowlev, Chrif t Chinch, Otand Compounder. 
Daettr AiJIMldMu— H. Powell, BzaUr CoUaga. 

JftjiiFf nj-^f,— j.SmfCii. Fxcier ColiegB, Grand Com- 

KinJct: VV. A-iUiii;, F(:]l<^iv i^( Mi-iinHi College. Gland 
m^Htufidff ; \lti\ A. Gaity, ^if^itr iJoUcge; Her. R. 
B- J- Ml? I'tii^r^oii, i.iLinir* L'l)il■^l:I' -, Rgr, G. Huliaet 
finlliL'l i.-ulk>:!:: (.■ I). Milter, "aiitiim ColUm; F. 
ts-h-ii. Fclliv" UpivcriK^' I r.Htgc ; A. KenilogtOD, 

jif-i:-rtinx — 1. 1 1. Milio[iy, LiTiiid CompoiuidK ; 
tl. I. Urcbililc. G- t.. H. Yenioui B»nMi, Student, 
W. L. Uarcl]. H. Liotrt, a. V. , H. S. I^wford, 

CbtiK Ciiurcb : E. P. ftlH, i.iiio>i<i CcdlMe: f. C. 
Ttu-or,S:hcl:-r,W. Hulme, Bnllic.J I- . .1 ImTc. S. Bosfc 
UjtgilaU" H ill ; VV, DrtwiiiT. Tnuitj E^oUcge. 

Cammioob. — SmiA't mmmm i Dr. Smllb'* aaaoal 
prlKi to the two bert pnddants In TBathemattfa aad 
natural idilloKiriiy unonc the commwifhig Bactadon of 
Arte, wOTeadjHdndtoi— lat. FamvalFMstt SI. Beaja- 
mla M. Cow&i SLJobara Coltaiei tha aaeoBd and flnt 

80CIKTT or AKTIQITAmiES. 

Mb.. Hahiltov, V.P. in the chair. ~ Mr. 
John Frost communicated copies of two lettera 
found by him in Holland; one written. In 1664, 
by James, duke of York, to the King of Adra, 
making proposals for trade and commerce, and 
presenting the king with a crown, which tbe 
duke tdla him is, In hii own country, a badge 
of pre.endnenea and sovereignty. The vessd, 
however, never reached Its destication, being 
taken by the Dutch, who still possess the letter 
and tbe crown ; the latter having a velvet cap, 
and the jewels imiuted in glass. The other 
letter was from the Duke of Monmouth to 
tha Princa of Orange. — Tha reading of Mr. 
Bdta's conmmnlcauon <^ particulars relative 
to the Battle of Creasy, was omdnded; and 
Mr. Beltz further communicated a letter from 
Dr. Bromet, with a drawing of a croaa re- 
maining at Cressv, in memory of the King of 
Bohemia, who £b11 in the battle. 

x-iTiMitr An acjKiTTiFie HncTixas 
FOB. TH* Birannra itkek. 

Jfawdfl»..-E»loBMtoglcal, 8 V.H.t Mtlib ArdiltMto, 
8 p.m. 

lyidoy.— Unawan, 6 p.m. t Horrtcnltural, S p.M.t 
Civil Engliwen, S p.m. i Electrical. 7 

>FabMM*v Sadety of Arte, ?| P.M.t Oeologkal. 

8} P.M. ; AnUU' aad Aawtann^ CoBVarMsiaaa, 8 p.m. 

7W«dav.-^RoyalSocMrt 81 p.ji,t Antiqoaili^SM.t 
Zoological. 3 P.M. 

FriiGv. — Rord Aattomndcai (Aanfvanaryt 3 r^H.t 
Rofal iDHltutioa, B| p.m. 
8>(Hn(V.-Oufs HofpUaL I P Ji. 



FZNB &KTS. 

THE KEW AET. 

The great sensation created by the new dis- 
covery in the fine arts, whidi our friends on 
the other side of the Channel have, with na- 
tional and personal characteristicnest, choaen to 
call Doffuerotcope^ but which our unpretend- 
ing countryman, Mr. Talbot (rather than 7W- 
baloaeop*)t has denominated Pkotogtnigj haa 
induced na to bestow further attention upon 
the subject, whldi we had the pleasure of fint 
making knoam to the public. What Is done 
in the Uttrarjf GaulU to-day wiU be bn- 
portent, n aanliBK thaj^aim to cckteeHty 

Digitized by VjOOgIC 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



73 



ia r^ard to all putlc* oonoeraed fa thj» 
laUreMlof ^tarrtrj. The f*Toar of a letter 
from Hr.Talbot(ageat]enuaiM> justly luMMmnd 
in lb* Macntifio drdet), wUs on record tbe 
nnymtiontWe daui of nu wyerimentii and 
we have eaaa and """'"^ the exqaiiite ip»* 
cuneni wUtdi mark bia progma and donoo- 
■trate hii looc— . The lUMmenta are crnro* 
boralcd hf the araal ReporU from the Royal 
InatitiiUon and Royal Society ; vlii<^ we hare 
not been anxiooa to ao aiadi in detail^ in 
eoDMfDMCi of ou poHMiiiv Mr. Talbot^ own 
Indd and Bnmining aoooant of what he hai 
■abiered. In ordw to omtpleta the matter, ai 
far at preient drcnoittanoee admit, we hare 
alu, at the riik of rroedtbn, procured the 
moat aociuBte datnUa of M. Dagnerre't prooeu, 
and the opinion of tbe French ^likwophert 
tbaraon. Aa he ia noommended to be more 
aecrat than Ut. OUboC has bean* In order that 
be may tnat with goremment for bli nifficient 
rewardf we cannot* of oourae, ipeak more 
plainly than tbe somewhat flowery deKtiption 
wo hare received enables ns. But we think 
«B00^ appears to render it palpable that there 
is a considerable difference between the 
m a ter ials employed, tbe means used, and tbe 
xeanlta. Thas, at tbe Royal Institotlon, on 
Friday erening, were exhibited a rariotr of 
ifwdmena of a process invented by Hr. Talbot, 
but which appears to differ from that of 
SI. Dsgoerre, especially In this, that Mr. Tal- 
bot reveries the natural effect, representing 
dark objecu light, and Bgkt objecU dark. 

Diffteent preparations of silver seem to be 
adopted — nitrate, diloruret, and probably 
others ; but whoever attains the object most 
affsctnally, it Is a generous rivalry, and will, 
we tnut, be continuiBd to the end. Mr. Tal- 
bot's method of fixing his drawings, so that the 
■on can effect or alter them no more, is of the 
utmost value. Hia oopyiug of engravings 
(there is a sweet one of Venice), by first getting 
wem with the lights and shades reversed, bat 
then copying from the reversed impression, aa 
before, is si^[n1arly ingenious. Figures piunted 
on glass are exquisitely rendered ; and an oriel 
window of many feet square is reduced to a ple> 
tore of two indies, in which every line is pre- 
served with a minuteness Inoonoeivable until 
seen by the microscope. 

At present we will not dflale any Amber on 
this memorable to^c, bat beg to suggest ene> 
riraents with the bydro-oxj^en powers of light, 
or such Ughlsu I^euLDmmmoad's and with 
this hint aloM^ xcqnMt our readen* attention 



1. Mr. Talbof* UtUr. 

t TbeacoRuitof tlw PraBcblanBUoa 

3. RqioRcf IbtnojallMtttallaat nd, 

4. £vartorifeeSovalSocMr. 

n Of UUw LMmy OuM*. 
I>E4m fllK,— I have great pleasure in comply- 
ing with tbe irish which yon have e xp re ss ed to 
ne, that I would go into soma datails reqiecting 
the Invention wUeh I have oommunicated to 
the Royal Society ; vis. the art of photogenic 
drmwiiw, or of framing plototea and lAagm of 
natural objects by means of sidar light. 

I do tUs the more readUr, oo aooonot of the 
interest with which the scientific public have 
read the acoonnts which hare recently appeared 
reqwcting tbe discoveries of M. Daguerre* of 
Paris, in some respects identical with mine-— in 
others, I think, materially different. 

Ahhooi^ I am very fiv Indeed from being of 
the oplnloi, that 

ytt 1 ouBSt hdp tUaking that anrjr dngnlff 



dianoe (or mischance) has happened to myself,' 
viz. that after baring devoted roudi labour and 
attention to tbe pwfecting of this invention, 
and having now bnnght it, as I think, to a 
point in which it deierrM the notice of the 
sdentifie wosM,— that evaotly at tin moment 
when I was mgaged In drawing up an aceoant 
of it, to be presented to the B^ral Society, the 
same inrention should be announced in France. 

Under these drcnmstanoes, bv the advice of 
my soentific friends, I Imniedlately ooUeeted 
tqgntber sneh spedmensof my process as I had 
with ma In town, and aihibiMd them to publii 
view at a mestiog of the Royal Institution.' 
My written communication to the Royal So 
detr was, from Its length, necessarily deferred 
to Uie wKk following.* 

These steps I took, not with tbe intention of 
rlrallsing with M. Daguarre In the perfection 
of bis processes (of wlUoh I luiow nothing, but 
am ready to beliere all that Biot and Ars«o 
have stated in their praise), but to preclude ue 
possibility of its being said hereafter, tiiat I had 
borrowed the idea from him, or was indebted to 
him, or any oue, for the means of orerooming 
the prindiHtl difficulties. 

As the process of M. Dagueno Is at present 
a profimnd aeoret, eren at Pari^ it it avident 
that no one ooold Imitate hhn here, or exhibit 
pictures formed In the same way, or depending 
on the same optical principles, who was not 
already folly aoquainted with a secret, not, 
indeed, tiie saaw, bat timUar or tantamount to 
his. 

That H. Dagnerre*a pletores will stand the 
aAet of time, is, I suppose, the fact, though I 
do not find it expressly mentioned in the report 
of M. Arago (Comptu Amifui, 7th January). 
My own hare stood between three and mot 
years. I therefore conrider that Aa pind^bas 
of the art are firmly laid. 

Many Instruments have been devised at rari 
ous times for abridging the labour of the artist 
in copying natural objects, and fyr tnsnrbig 
greatw accuracy in the design than eaa be 
readily attained without soch astistance. 

Among these may be more particularly men- 
tioned, ue Camera Obteura and the CoiMro 
LveidOy which are familiar to most persons; 
certainly rerv ingeniona and beautiful luatru- 
ments, and m many dieomitaneea eminently 
useful, especially the latter. Yet are there 
many penons who do not iueoeed In uting 
them, and I bdleve tltet tew are able to do so 
with great success, except those who, in other 
respects, are skilled in drawing. 

Up to a certain point, these iarentimu are 
excelloit t beyond that point they do not go. 
Thmr astist the artist in Us work; th^ do not 
work/or Mm. They do not dispense with his 
time ; nor with his slull ; nor his attention. 
All they can do is to guide his eye and correct 
bis judgment ; but the actual perfonnance of 
the drawing must be his own. 

Tram all these prior ones, the present In- 
vention diffisrs totwly In this respect (which 
may be explained In a tingle sentence), viz. 
that, by means of this otmtrirance. It Is not the 
artist who makes the picture, bat the picture 
which makes itself. All that the artist 
does Is to dispose the apparatus before the 
object iriiose linage he requires: he then leaves 
it for a certain time, greater or less, according 
to ctrcuuMtancei. At tbe end of the time he 
retoms, takes out his picture, and flnda It 
finished. 

Tbe agent In this operation li solar Bght, 
which being thrown by a lens upon a sheet of 
prepared paper, stamps upon It th e Image of 
nSolbnotlGSddNiriMRb'JKlo A 



tbe object, whatever tint majr Aaam to b^ 
whlc^ is placed before it. 

The very foundation of tbe art, thetabre, 
consists In thls~endn«nUycaiiow— natural 
fact, Tic that there exists a nbstanoe so seoti. 
tive to light aa to be capable of reedrlng even 
its faint inprestions. Tlie whole postibuity of 
the process depends upon this; rorlf no audi 
subsunce existed in rentm noforfi, tbe notion 
of thus copyiw ottjeets would be nothing more 
than a sdentUo dream. Mcwaorer, It Is not 
suffident that the paper shouM be so sontitive 
as to leoelve tbe Imprestions of external ob- 
jects t It Is reqoislu also, that, having rvesiestf 
them. It should nfttin them ; and, m oreover, 
that It shoold be iitssiisiMis with regard to 
other objects, to iriileh it nty be aabaaqoMitiy 
expoeed. 

The neoessity oTtUi It obrlon, fiir oth^ 
wise new ImprnsloDB would be reedved, whldi 
would confuse and effsoe the former ones. 

But It is easier to percdve the necesti^ «( 
the thing required than to attain to its realisa- 
tion. And this has hitherto proved a most 
serious obstacle to those who have e]9srhnMited 
with this object in view. 

This was one of the few •dontlflo Inqalriea 
In wbidi Sir Humphry Davy engaged, upon 
whidi Fortune did not smile. 

Either his Inquiries took a wrong direction, 
or ds^ perhqis, the p r oper t y sought for was of 
so tingular a nature, that tiiere was nothing to 
guide tbe search, or pariiapa he despaired of it 
too soon t however tiiis may be, the result un- 
doubtedly was, that the attea^ proved onsne. 
cessfnL and was abandoned. Aa Sir Humphry 
Davy himself Infoims us, ** No attempts have 
as yet been soece ss ftal.** 

These words are quoted firam Ills own aeoonnt 
in the ** Journal of the Royal bietitatloa fbr 
1802." 

The subject tihen dropped, and appears to 
hm bsoi no more ^cken at fur upwards of 
thirty years. 

Wlien, in 1834, nsaware of Vwf* re- 
searches, I undertook a course of experfanents 
with the same object In view, I know not what 
good star seconded my efforts ; but, after va- 
rious trials, I succeeded in hlttb^ nfim a me- 
thod of obtaining this dedderatom. By tills 
pioeoss, it Is postibletodoattoytbeaenMbnitr 
the paper, and to render It qnlla Insenaiblew 
After thia change ft may be exposed with 
safety to the light of day ; It may even be 
placed in the suisbloe: indeed, I have qieei- 
mens which have been left an hour In the 
son without having reetired apparent deterior- 
ation. A faet, theielim, U thus established 
which is not wfthout its fanportance in a 
theoretical pt^nt of view, besides Ita more 
immedlaU appllctxtion to purposes utility. 

With this kind of paper, eminentiy suscepti- 
ble of bring acted on li^t, and yet capable 
of loting that prcyerty when reqidred, a great 
number of coitoas perfbnnanosa may nadlly be 
aocompUshed. Hie most remarkdue of these, 
is undoubtedly the oopying the portrait of a 
distant cAiject, aa the facade of a building, by 
fixing its image In the Camera Obscura ; but 
one perhaps more cakohted for universal use 
is the powi*r of dnteting exaot ftcsimiles of 
smaller objects wUdi are in the vldnltyof the 
op era tor, sitdi as flowers, lsan% engravings, 
Ac. whldi may be aceomp H s hi d witii great 
iadlity,and often with a degree ofr^lty that 
Is almost mstrvellons. 

The Sped mens of this art whldi I exhibited 
attheRml Institotion, though oontistiog only 
of what I ha opened to have vrtth me in Town, 

areyet mflcMic tq gl*? « 

Digitized by\jUOVI.<_ 



THE LITERARY 0AS;ETTB, AND 



and to tbew ibe wide nago of In uplioa- 
bUttjr. AnoBg thou wm pictares fiowen 
and leavw; a patuni of h6e t figures tdten 
irooi fsinced guuij a vfev of VfloJoe oopSocI 
from an trngmring^ anrne Imiges Forraea ttjr 
tbo Solir Mlonwcope.viB. a siioo of woodtAry 
UgUjr mgnified, ahlUdtig tlie pom of two 
kbda, oM wt'nmoh Btnaller tfaati, <ho «tlrtr, 
and man Bameroni. Asoihor MlorMflDalc 
■ketdi, exUbftug tbo nMoifadcai «B die 
w4iiff ofaa ioMct. 

Fmidljc Tarioufl fUetantf representing Ae 
wehltectnn id my Jioom In tbo coantrv) idl 
tbeee made with khe Cmwm Otmum m 0n 
BOBiner of ]886i 

And lUe I Hl«ra «i Iw Uie flnt InttUM on 
record, of a bAue bavlag painted Iti own 
.pmtnlt. 

A pereen imsoqtminteii with the proeen, if 
told that nothing of afl -thit was execnted hy 
the hand, mart imagine that one Iwa at ene*8 
cdl the Genfan of Alliddia*i I«mp. And, 
indeed. It nny atmoR beeidd, diattUi ii tome* 
thing or the tame kind. It la alltllo Bic of 
magb lealind':— of natmal ma^^ 

Yon ntka the powora of nature work for 
70a, and no wonder tint yoar>work Iiwell and 
qoiddy done. 

No -laatter whether the -anbject be laige 0? 
email, ilm^e or eompKeated; whether the 
SowerJmoeh wlildi youSHsh to eontalne 
or one thoaaandj ma Bet the 
fnetrdWDt In aetloD, the allotted Ubo d^ea, 
and jm find the piotare flnlihed, -to mmj 
part) add in every minute .particular. 

There it eometUng In tlda rapidity- ftiid per. 
fection of ezecatlon^ which is rery wonder fuL 
Bat after aU^vhat U Matmv, bat one 4reat 
field of wonden lyeat ear eonprehoiinan Y 
Thoee, indeed, WhiA 

Miee, do not habltaally etrfke as, on BOaottnt 
of thrir Amllferity,' but they an nih the leia oa 
that acooant euential portioni of the aame 
wonderftU Whole. 

I It wiU be bonM-ia mind by thoee iriio 
tAeaatBtcreitin^Btidijeot,thatlawbat I 
hare hitherto den«i I do not profim to hare 
perftcted an Alt, but to hare wwaw we erf one; 
the Unite of which It ie not poHlbb at pnani 
emetly to ascertain. 

I onlydatm to- hare baaed this new Art npdn 
a tecare foandation : It will be ibr more skilfiil 
hands than miee -to rear the rnipennmimirei ■ ■ 
I remeiB, Deer Sir, YeonkAc 

4tQB»mAaae8IW sfalMMWrW <18ati 

fREMCH DiBC0TKar..-pC!irciL or itiinXB. 
Who has Mt admired the iptendld and weD> 
derfiil repreentations Ip thrt camnaoteauaP 
—images so dear, eo full of UTe, so perCscUy 
r^resen tim erery ol]{feet in natofe. ThiBBi 
Unng ptetiim,-by trarerriag: the Moa andidrw 
rors, are thrown down with double beenty oii 
the tftUe of the camera obeottra, t>y the rauant 
flnger of Ugfat. The new ^art'haa been dis- 
covered to fix thess weoderAil Images, which 
hare hitherto passed away ralatOe— eraneeoent 
aa % dream-^ Mep them at «ar i^U, on a 
eabstanoe finely senliUe to tlie hnaaedlate 
action of l^ht, add rerfdv them ifenBaaent 
before onr eyes, In traeet repres lAted by tints 
in pnftot iMtnurayOB eaehpeioiSj wMidiflnr> 
est &tifitfMiif intenrity. 

We mnst not, however, beKer «) as Has been 
errMieedsIy Mported t0 4he pnbtf whh respeet 
totitesefPari^ieapertmebls, ihstthepf^tt- 
cnkmrs of -oMBBtB an r^reae bted, in these 
imagee, by ealNnbailiR ere « Ur«pvanatel> 
with «Kti«BM troth, by li^ ■ sd mty'gtadh- 



tlon of ahadet— aa an oil-painting is giren by 
a perfect engrariog, coiuiaUng of blB» Hoes ; 
or, perhaps, nun akhi to a design made 
with inatheaatlcal aocoraiey, and in aqoa tintai 
fat there are no crossings of Unas in the de* 
aigna by the pencil of nature. Red, blue, yd* 
low, jTMH, Ac, are rendered by oombtnaoooa 
of l%bt and thade x by demt-ttnta, more or Uas 
clear or obsCDte, aecordEag to the qoaaUiy of 
Bghk in each ooloar. But In tbeae ooples, the 
delicacy of the design — the parity of the fonns 
— the truth and haftnooy of tone— the aSrial 
perapeotire~tbe high finldi of the detslla^ are 
all euraased with ^ highest perftdion. The 
formidaMe lent, which ollea betnm tBoasttoei. 
das in the mott daUofeia and aVrlal of ow bum. 
ter<^eces, ro^y here aee w h for defsois in rain, 
^e eraatlonB of naHire tritunph. fkr from 
betraying any defect, the hl^eat magzilBer' 
only tends to ahew more deady Its rset supe. 
rforlty. At each alep> we find n«w oly'ecta te 
adiaire, nfvediiw tb as the ndsiaoce cf eaqni- 
rdte 'detafla, which Mwpe the lukad eye, area 
In reality. Kor oan tUe Mtmbh w when the 
nAtant'Bght, wliidi can only met according te 
the imnmtable laws of nature, anbstttutes Its 
ran for fhe healtatlDg pencil of Uie artiau 
in.'Dagtiene hae represented, from the Pont 
des ArtafUd in a ror aaaall qpate, the whde 
'dfAettBgnMoentbaddliigB on the right bank 
df Ae 'Seui^ hutedtag that part or the Loorre 
eotitidainc the grand gallery of detorea. Each 
llae,eadt pdnt,^ rendered with a perfecdon 
guite unattainable by all means hitherto nsed. 
Ileliea alaoreprodund the daik mass of N6tre 
Dame, irith Its immense drapedea and Ooddo 
seolpcons. Re has also talun the view of a 
building. In the momhw at dght o'clodc, at 
tdid-day, and at ftmr o'endc in the afterooaik, 
darifig -ndn, and In Bonhlna. Eidit ortn 
mbmtea at moat, in the lAniate tf Paris, ia 
stU&dein ; btit, under a more avdent aan, tuA 
as ihat of Bgypt, one minute win suffice. 



Toafflata«ndMMiMwhotr«rcI,asdwhoo(ten anbatanoe nsed by H. Daguerre is erMmtly 



find It Impossible to prolo&g their stay at Int^ 
re8^i)gdaces,thiBpiiicessnnntbemoatwdi)Dm& 
The nendi joamal8,aBd reports «f proceed- 
ings, howerer, aflmU ihat theae admirable r^ 
preseiftatlonaatillleare somethhig to be deflt«d 
as Co ^ect, when regarded as wnksef an. It 
is s/nguIaTithey Ubserre, that Ae power which 
areetM'them seems to have abandoned them ^ 
and that a^ttt voorkt <tf 
Gren. fn those pens ^e moit lighted, there is 
an alMence of rlradty and dhet ; end it b 
allowed, th)t amidst all ^e harmony of thdr 
fbnbs, theae views apoMr siAJeetM to the 
sober and -heavy tone w odour Imparted tiy a 
diin northern sky. It would appear, that ty 
pesaing thxouA the gleaM of "the optlcd ar> 
nmgMimt of iC.Dagnwre, aB the -riewa ase 
niAfiwaily dodud with a tudanehdy aspect, 
like that glvao toihe horiion "by the approadi 
«f erendng. Motion, It la obrlooa, can oerer 
"he copied ; and the attempt to rgpreemit ani> 
mala and shoeblacks in action, cnnBequentlr 
fluted. SUtuary Is said to hare been weU 
ddfinedt "but, hitherto, SI. Daguerre 'has net 
succeeded In Ooprlng the IMng jAiydognoo^ 
In a satiriraotory 'manner, though he does net 
despdr of success. 

It could not hare eaceped dienAsts, tliat 
various diemtcal produtta are senBlbly affected' 
byli^t. Some gaaee MayTemaintt^i^et in 
the dark, without any ifffeet, but a ray irf Ught 
will cause instant exploilon. Otber bodice, 
such as the chioruret of allrer, are inodlfled in 
cdonr. It at flm tdto a ridet tint, after. 
«ae3s beeedM bladt. . 'HiIb pvopeity wrnOa, 
doabthH^ kire niggcMa tin Un'or applying' 



Ittotte anofdedgn. Bat,' by thia methoi, 
the most brifliant parts of die deject beoaeoe 
d bcdoured, and the darker pane remain white ; 
this pradDeea an effect contrary to the feet. 
And again, the oontinned aotion of Kght tends 
to render dwwhde dark. Mr. Talbot's nw< 
dud wooU seam to be based on dm use of die 
salb tiS direr, with dteaddldon of wane snb- 
atsnee, or covering, to prerent the Andnr 
action of light, after the dnigt I was complete. 

lUs dlscorery will doubtms make a great 
Terdniicn in the aru of design t and, in a 
mnhltade of cans, wiR supci aede oM methods 
altogedier Inferior. The temporary intCMst of 
many may, at first, be affected 1 hut whaterer 
has the tcoe- ehenloter of good, emnot eaaan> 
tiaBy do mlBchie f . The I n ven ti on of printing 
soon gave employment to many mare ^an 
were employed aa copyists. Ereo in our own 
time^die subetitntion of tted-fdatesfbreagiar. 
tog, hutead of uopper, alAough fifty tiaoes as 
many copies may ha taken ftvm diem. Ins, by 
theenbstitadonof good engravings fbr indiffv> 
ent ones, eo extenoad the demand, diat mere 
ated-idatea are now lequimi than were femedy 
naed of oiqiper. 

We ratat sdd a few wonts with rderenoeto 
adenoe. TWi newly discovered mbstance, so 
easily acted npon by the rays oFBght, opens a 
widefidd forpholeuotnceaperinentSiWfaidifai- 
therto bam been faopdess, more pardijidu^ on 
thelMttofdieinooD. M.Amgoieedhtooar 
'actendon some experinenta made byhlmedf, 
jointly with odier jdiilosophera, by-wUdi the 
light of the moon (300^1100 ttaoee less than that 
of the aun), oouoentnited by the moat pu w erfti l 
glauea, n*» no Infficadon of dntniod action 
on the ouoraiet ef direr, oor-«iydgn ef Inat 
on the moat deUeate thernnaeter. Wadiedld 

gjed to Imow ff wyaxpedmeBta hara 
been made with the concentrated Bght die 
nooBi m the tbermo^Seetrlcd cmaratas, wMch 
may be emstraoted of extreme ddicacy. The 



aendUe to the amon tff lonar Hgbt, dnoe, in 
twenty BihBflea, he can sepnecnt, vodar die 
Arm tX a whltei^ot, die exact inuige ef diie 
hRuinary. 

H. Blot, who, from die nBttfre of hie la- 
boun in die fields of science, tAm a Irrdy 
interest In the tooor e ry in qaeetion, and anti- 
dpates much from the means aflbrded by -it to 
oarry out the andysia of some of the most 
ddicate phenomena of nature. M. Dagnerre 
has, it 1b aaaerted, dnidydiBMrenBd aome new 
pr(qierdeadfBght,anfitoeail«arrfing on dbe 
inrestigatioo. 



UVTtM. teiBTlTDTUW. 

Fkidat, aadi Jan.— Wt. Woodward, *On a 
new AppaBMoB 4br ahe MMe Caoonatradon 
of the Baeiuiil Hi u said is end Lawa of the 
Pdednden-tf Lkfaft.* Aiker a brief Mttttno 
kf the uadnlaliiij thjany of ligh^ BIr. Wood- 
ward iisaaiiiil 4e«ihMtU with the dd oxy. 
hydragea apyasataa, fitted wiOi Jeoaea, die 
■pin did phenomena 'Of polariaed li^t, uing 
taaiaddiue «s die ■oemtaig'plate. Tli« new 
apparaaae (lOadard^s) sdth whiah ht aOao iUva- 
tnted MBdy 4he whole .pheoomena, da of m 
meea dmfde uia a u ' ue tioii, and mneh rhaajiei. 
The Jidit ie polariaed tgr phrte ^mb; for the 
"^p—'f'f ^"'''"fH'^, mMaia anfaiidtiitedf and 
Cor the lens, a metallic atfeoioc. Xhis eneawe-. 
meat will tend modi to make mere genmaly 
knewn die baanttfal wendara of tbla iaqp«rtant 
■dence. At the coodndon of the leotare, Mr. 
Faraday'direetod attention to drawlngi in the 
Jibrary, asnt there hr^ Tdbet, P.R^, 

Birt by ^mmiv^^i^f^t^^" 



JOUWiFAL 0* THfi BELLES LETTRES 



Tbtt itirt of tb* tame dwracter as Aom of 
M. VMnam. The two pmaeMf he otMerred, 
of M. mgwm toft of Mt. Mvot, efltetlng 
tht Mm* lAtjectt, mav be diSveot, or may be 
th« nne. Asvet nMdier 1i known ; and Midi 
has Men (lA'fMwd iff two Mtenttfle ci-pcrlnient- 1 
€n fn dtScnnt cotiiitrie>) iHthool a Imowlat^^ ' 
vt eadi etlier^ jMMiIk Tlie princtpiS ob;}actof 
tte ciflilMUMi of Ae phougsnie dnwiiigit on 
thb oooasloit} wai nwant ^ei m luideiiiood) to 
eeiabHrii a dK«^ in ordet, that Amrid M. Da> 
gTien«*i dinovery be made publle pravloiudy to 
the reftdftigf betoA this Royal Sodety, tf Mr. 
Talbot's paper detailing his pmoen, nfl diarve 
of imitation OonlS bk brotight agalnit Mr. Tal- 
bot, th am Of MsDtlty of {Irowsa. And that 
eteh dlaomrery ahooM be 4rat prOvaft to be 
orWatf . No hmum hrinft bn hitherto tnued 
BtKh Uoea «■ the* dnwIi^B dlqfandt and 
what man may li er ea il w M» iKnr uat dAne 
Ntmre bah becMibUa towing mhfreii, it U 
impoedUe to ptedlet. 

Hr. LvinocK in the chair. hWAf in- 
tnresdng pnper by Hem? Pox Talbot, Ban. 
reafl. It dfSlanad the aathcNr*a disoorary op- 
wards of 6ra yeara ago, of the new praeeis'of 
deUnehtlng ob^octt. From the fiilt volmne of 
the Jonrnml of the. Boyal los^tiitioa, it apMara 
that ^ late Mn Wedgewobd hafl tome tdsa of 
the dbtMeryt fhafc Ingeniooa gMntleniaD, In 
coajiinotibn viib Sir H. Davy, nade many ea- 
pcihueuia, bni tbey fihiiid ill their e&deavMn 
to obtain BuiioMt ineffectual t to mudt ao, 
that H dtsc<Ninged them, and wonM ha«e df»> 
coaraMd the atadiorof the preient nMdHrir had 
be read the remaritt of Sir H. Davy, eontdned 
in the Jeumal attnded to, prior to the experi- 
nutita wUA nhimuMy Ud to hb inreiidon. 
At fiin tt oonsisiad In hying die nitnae ttf 
allnr M pwr,- aiid by tb*meatls <f dk»«lattait* 
ohWom ud the solar ray acting on the p^per, 
»p«rfiBet impression ti obtained df any Object In 
half a second t It w)ia foond, bowerer, that the 
iasaga thus obtained, by expoaare to die light 
ftd^ and after awhile disappeared. By t*. 
pektted n^nttbb, and the nwA deroted 
ttiaBiIoD, llff. Talbot^ by wtek ba tOk ma. 
sitire paper (a great improvement npon dHtt 
which he originally eD|noyed), has ofercome 
tUs grtat drawback t pictures he has bad 
in his Mwsesdoo for years are no* as 
▼ind aj they were when first prodneed. The 
iaage ebMUned is white, bnt the gtonntf ft 
beatttiftally coioored, and readily obtaiiuAle, 
rither shyblue, ydlow, roBB<Dloar,«rUMk,<— 
frreen is tSEdnded i thoM variatitel of Odonr 
Jtlr. Talbot oonddoe as so nabty dienilad oom- 
pcnnOs. O^Milt the meet mfonte are ob. 
caiBeA^Hrtha daliealb bafaa oa the leaves M 
p l a n ts,— the most miaate and tiny Uralve 
oalpv— nay. eren a shadow, the emUam of el) 
that is most aeedng in this w6tM, Is fettered by 
the spell of the luventlMi, end r«m«iiu perfbct 
and permuient loug after it has been giren bad^ 
to the aabbrmm which produced it ; in shot, 
to use Vr. Talbot's o#u words, the ^cture Is 
ended as aeon as begwu" Theflstentafibe 
vifae of this inventl6n eantrot as ptckent be 
■ntldpated; already the aodiar has apfdied it 
with perfect sneoMs to the copying of senifftofe, 
•ngrnrfags, hand-Writing ; and inererycasaso 
complete has been the imi^ that it has been 
ndalafcan fer the nifjbM. The rahn of it 
eren new to natniUbts and others ttavdCag 
abroad, many of whom are ignomt of drsrw> 
in^ BMist be immense. hKd Broa|^iaim was 
MNBt, and peld prornuid aUention to Mr. 
Talbet^p^. 



tBITIBK intTlTUTIOir. 

We have been fatoored with m gimnoe at the 
Exhibition of the Vorhs ef Britidi Ardets 
fdraut to open on Monday, and et whtdh die 
briTate view tak«l place to-day. It rejtdoae us 
to say thait It is among the beet w« have «vw 
Ken ; and not only in general honourable to 
oor Native Arts, but possesdng Pictures which 
too other Tiving school in the world ooold equal. 
Among tbese we may mention Tht Fmmttiin of 
FaOaef, a gorgeoua apednwn of Tunur on an 
Imaginative subject, and fM» inoomparaUeAys 
looking out from a window, by jB. LondsMT. 
They are as living as any dogh aflvei and the 
terrier (shall we say], mora so 1 The walla of 
the three rooms are oovered with 427 paintings, 
hnd there are ten pieces of soulptore. Among 
the landscapes, someof Staric, Lee, Ccnke, Cres. 
Widi> attracted our eye, by tbeir mral and pas. 
torsi beauties. Al>utdifamily,by W.Stmson, 
is trutli itsdf. Iniklppf one charming female 
lignre. Mrs. Carpenter, Miss Corbaux, Hac> 
lise, Rothwetl, Stone, A. Fraser, CUter, Web- 
ater, J. HoUins, Cooper, Lance, Holland, How. 
ard, Mr. Scrope, lAdy Bargfaerah, J. Severn, 
Cwtey fielding, Hilton, Buss, Relnagle, Mrs. 
C.Tekrson, C.Tjandseer, Befland, Elty, J. P. 
Knight, J. B. Pyne, Unton, Bodiard, Kidd, 
&C. &c. (we give the names as they oodur in 
the Gatalogne, wlthont order or preference), all 
contribute producdons wbldi reflect honour 
npon thdr various talents ) and we wain 
peat that, aa a whole, this Is a vecy satMactory 
tahiUtlOD. ^ 

nV VtiSLICATlOltSt 
t>ramatie SkttAei. By R. J. LatM, A.^ 
Nos.V.andVI. MitchdI. 
Thk Illustrations in these numbers ocndrt of 
eight of the nrindpal duuacters In Mr. Rooke's 
opera, *'Aallle, or tbe Lore Test." Tbey are 
eqnal M s^t and beanty te thdr nwdeeeesera. 
We are etpedally charmed with the pifumt§ 
and truly feminine whdeJdngA peetrdt of 
Hiss SUrrdr, m ''Amilie.'* 



Sm WILLIAM BBEonr, ft.a. 
This teteran artht died at Hampitead, on 
Monday, tbe Sflth it Janoary, aeed 86. He 
was bom at Burford, in Oxfordshire, In die 
year \7S3, and it the proper age was placed 
under an eminent convinrucer at Stow. He 
afttfwards repaired to lAndDtti and artlded 
hhnsdf fer a given period to a genderoan of 
the Same prrfeedon, who died beHofe the ex- 
piration of his titae, when be nnde a second 
eng^ieUietit widt a Mr. Oren, of Toeke's 
Court. His lateuts, however, were not of th6 
kind suited to the law ; and hafliuricddeniatty 
made tbe ttqnaitttinee avrdraf mduis nf 
khe R(Hal Academy, be bMBne to eaainoittM 
of tbe fine arts, that he prevdled on Mr. Owen 
to receive a yooiUr man whom he had procured 
as a sobtitute, aiM, hi 1772, Was admitted as a 
Student, at Somerset Honse. Sir Jothoa Rey. 
DOlds was dien in the tanldi of his fhme ; and 
bis works were diligently studied by the yottiw 
allirirant. He soon, however, appUed htmseu 
to nature. Dr. Stradiev, archdeacon of Nor. 
wieh, and Ms fUnlly, die Chevalier Rospinl 
and his l^ily, and tJu Duke and DudMs of 
Onmbeilaud, were among his earliest prodac- 
tions. Tbe Rosirfni femity was, we bdieve, 
the fltst picture that he sent to the Exhibition 
of the Royal Academy. Fran London, Mr. 
Beecheywent to Norwidi, where fae began irltb 
pdnting small eenfanuition rieoea, in tbe man* 
ner pnwUseil first by Hogaru, and attenwds 



by Zofiany. On bis retain to tbe metn^s, 
after an absence oF four or five years, he took 
Ibe bouse in Brook Street, which had formerly 
bem tbe reddence of Vandergudttt and was 
gndfied bygeneral odebrity." He afterwards- 
removed to Hin Street, Berkdey Square ; thence 
to George Street, Hanover Squani and nllU 
matdy to Barley Street, Cavendish Sqoanu 
To ennmerate the portiaita wblcb bo painted 
daring his loi^ career, would be to give a list 
of nearly all the members of tbe btm wumdt. 
At a coBapamUvdy eariy period of Us praeUce,. 
fae attracted the fevounble netioe of um rtlyu' 
family, was app<unted portraIt.paui(er to Quean' 
Charlotte I and, by George the Third's oMa-- 
mand, pdnted a wboMnigth portnit of bcr 
Majesty, and portrdts of aU the prlaoassas. Bv 
subsequently produced a grand oompodtiony 
w p re wml ngtne King at a reriew, attended by 
the Prince of Walea, the Duke of York, fto.| 
wUeh becsme ao popular as to be repeatedly 
mgntred. Of Sir wfDiam Beeohey's power* 
ai an ardst, no adequate jidg^nent ean be 
fbnnefi by tboee who Inre seen only die worka 
of his dedtning yean. His femme portraits, 
flspedaUy, wne Asdngiiidied by degance and 
ddteaof of diarsoter, anH beauty of colooriiM>. 
Sir William was elected an associate of the 
Royal Aoaflsmy In 1793, anfl a Royal Aoade- 
midan, on the dsath of Mr. Hodge*, in 1797. 
He was Ifae first member of die Royal Academy 
nn wboib tbe honour (rf knl^thiMd was con- 
fenred altar die death of ^^oibna Reyw^ 
Sir WflKam had a hiTge and ht^ly aooonu 
pIMied femlly. LadyBeedieyherwffonneriy 
practised as an artist, and produced many 
duumlog ihhiiatnres. Sir William Beecbey'c 
yoongcat daughter wao iotne ymn ago mamed 
to Lovtt fitaiidey. 

Of die amiiue ul endenring quantiet of 
this endlent man In j^rala Hfe, and of bli 
euperior tdeata as a pdnter, we hafe not, at 
present, dme to say more. To the extent of 
the former we. In common with aU who had 
the good fortune to know hbn, can bear most 
feeling testimony ~a better or more worthy 
man did not exist* The latter are best en« 
dencad by die fainamerdrfe {Roductione ofbia 
easd. In whieb colour the moit beatitlfal Itnd 
stable, taste thn most easy and refined, exe> 
cntion of the bigbest order, and In diort, every 
dilng whidi could rank him with the most 
dittlq^shed competitors of his age, were per. 
petnated with a maater's hand. In his family, 
as fn Us Ikmi^ Sir William Beechey was, as 
we have alniedy slated, happy. Captain 
Beediey, and his brother, die tnvellar, have 
reflected back to him tepnlst l en and pnblio- 
beaonn dmUar to hit own. 

JAHXB LOXBDALS, Xia. 

Oir Tbweday, Jaanafy 17di, died, aged 
Jams Lon s da k , Bsq» of Becners Street t an 
artist of long and joedy eseabUshed repntadon. 
Mr. LooodsSs was * nativ* of I^neaihlre, but 
cane to London at an eariy period ef bk life. 
Be was one of the fboaden and chief aop- 
pertevs of » Tl|e Sodety ot British Artists." 
For menyyeeta be bad eonfiaed his p ia cd ce to 
male portrdts. We tnaeeribe the fallowing 
coSBprdiendve diineter of Mr. Lssiedale fren 
The Mondng C bi — idt OomUned widi 
aa enhwged and masonUne trnderseandlag, be 
possessed a straightfefwaid boiieety of pmpose, 
wUdi oevtr v«dUaled before vaaJc or etaltim, 
•ad ever secured to him tb» regard and esteem 
of tboae with wfaflra be assodatedi aasoagst 
whom nwy be nnsiAered ntny-ef tbe meet 



LITERARY CAZEttE, AN0 



Hating, and jut perceptioo of cbtnctar ; uid 
bis works shew that he carried that quality, 
with onutual forot, into the mbjectt of hli 
MncU. Hii maimer* wen cheorfol and bland 
m the higlMt dtfrea, and Ui oooTCiMtioii wm 
replete with tagedlj, rich In aaeodot^ add 
always Imprauive from justnen oF thoa^t, 
dearneei of judgment, and nndeviatiiig ve- 
racity. He died, at he lived, with At calm 
and nnniffled confidence of an hinwt man, 
leariog a blank in the eojoymsnti of his 
frieodi not eaiQy to be nwUed." Mr. Loni> 
dale hu left m wldov maA amfly, in very easy 
droDinfltanoei. One of his soni pnnnee his 
father** pnfliidoo, hai vUted Italy, and pro* 
mites to become a dlsttngnlihed artlttt the 
LiteroTf Gaxittt hat repeatedly epokea of fait 
merlti with due pndie. 



Thghe hat been no novelty in the theetrae. 
Tuesday Her M^Jetty went in state to Dniry 
Lane ; and last night to Corent Garden. From 
the wild beast show at the former, and the play 
commanded at the latter, the Jokes have ohrist* 
ened our youtbfol Queen *^ The Utdy ofUons.** 
Ve wish we oould see the great canse of the 
national diama patronised as it oo^t to be by 
the crown, the government and the higher 
orden of ioolety. TbaA oanae has beea nobly 
vindicated, and Its vindicator deserves every 
support in his still arduous nndertaking. 

Haymarket Thtatrt—A. good auiUence M- 
sembled at this theatre on Wednesday eremng, 
to wltneu the performanoe of Fm Diaoolo and 
Hijfh lAf* beh» Stainy by amateurs. The 
music of the opera was very well enouted, and 
aevenl enooraa rewarded the eflbrtsof theac< 
toit. The fkrcealso was applauded} and seemed 
to amose modi. We ih<nild sriect from the 
dmmatit penotm^ Lord Albm^y the two bri- 
gands, and my lord duke's servant, as poctan- 
ioKtalents worth cultivating for the itsge* 

The SL Jamn** theatnt under Ur. Hooper, 
opena on Mmdey with an eflfective oompany, 
and tome more wUd beasts; a forest of them," 
•ay the bills. 

Sadler'i WtUt — ORvtr Tttitt and the capital 
pantomime hare done wonders at Sadler's Wells : 
but a still greater attraction was produced on 
Monday; it it called The One CrioM, and it 
adapted from the play la which Ulle. Rachel it 
said to be thrilling the hearts of the Faritians. 
Mrs. Honner is very touching as the Pruidtnft 
Owf^ert and, we fimey, no bad nbsthute for 
the extraordinary original. 



VARIBTIU. 

H. B. — The prolific hnmonr of H. B. en 
titles him to our continual notice ; not as party 
writing, but le chronicling good jokes, at whita 
we know the principal persons cartcttored 
laugh as heartily as any of the public Here are 
no fewer than five novdties (No. 668 to ATS), 
to greet the meeting of parllaraent. First, 
**A Deserter;" Lord Durham in handcoffs, 
marched between the grenadiers, Wdlington 
and Aldboume, with Brooghamas rear guard, 
in light4nfantry equipments. The various ex- 
presiion of the countenances it admirable 
Second, " The Disowned John Bull, a bea- 
dle, bringing a child Ididled Letter to the 
Qnieen," to Lord Brourium'sdoor, whooonfei 
to "misfortunes of the kind," but disdaims. 
Two ladles ^perhaps tha queen and one of her 
court) perceive a strong lilienest, and excUim, 
''Ohtthenao^ifrrmanl" Whoever wrote this 
said letter, it hes been a lockT Ut fiw the aathor 
tohaveitaltribiitad to ao high ■ un^ for it 



has sold it laisetf. Tftird^ " A Conchnurii 
wanted— Candidates ri>r ilie Placn. " J-Ain Dull 
It the loofcer>OQt; DriiTi^liam, DnrhHoi, M'eW 
lingtoD, and If dboum^ the ouididstes. H^rv, 
alao, the attltodes, eKpiwiEoo, and Uhd-tioii- 
venatkn ef the candldaiei, are eneltent^ 
Fourth^ " The Dlii^rganiii Lord DitrhAn 
at the organ, singing;, "Fary t ilagv! Dsipxir!" 
Lord Aldbonme, with the Queen onoce si-Je, 
shocked at the discord ; I>r^rd Brou{;1iam and 
Mr. Roebuck on tlie otber, blanidg the bel- 
lows, and r^oldftf In |iuttlDg the player's 
pipes oat of tane^ Q%ire is not eo mucb In 
thi^ as lA Fj^'^l'CWePuiURnline and cu- 
tfami Ifetamonhc^" 'One of the mtmi JuiJi. 
oraaa eompodtums df ^ eeriea. The Queen, 
at the door of Wtndwc Cistie, Lhau^iitg', nv.- 
der Harlequin's wand, into tiie Croirn TnTcrn. 
and House of Call for Cabiaet Makm, is nur- 
roonded by Lord Alelboarne as llnrleqiLin, 
Ziord J. Roitell »* Cqlumbinet Lord pdoiiir. 
Bton as Pantaloon, and Lord Morpeth u the 
Cknrn. The mbeih foe^e ju «]«i^g)tmqtie : 
and the ehaiac^m OMUndi wn. bfintte 
drdlery. 

Blagrov^ Gattii.'. HainiJfi^ and Lwcn^'s con- 
oarti, we obeerve, 1 

second aniHMincemeQt of the concert teuon. 
The opera will not open till near the end of 
Fdiroary ; aboat the li ni«ntit>ned. 

Nelvm 7W6itf«^TbB deu^iiainconipetjUo'n 
for the Nelson montiTnent niil, ne bear, 
'placed together In lome ^puriiii.", ur ilmm. 
ber, and snbmitied to ihe jndgmeut of the 
ooeanittea and pnbltc rri t ici nm . 

The MadmrnU Manmcnpiis. ~Tlw Rev, 
Mr. Taylor Is still pcogrwing iio bit labour 
with these manoicripta. He it evidently raoft 
indefatigable, and prnnmttK liis usk of exa- 
mination and CotlaliL^n n kli a tcsk itini nver- 
OOaes all iu irktomen^i — Oritntnl lleralJ. 

Groteth <(f Uu Suffar-cane. — The tcbcwner' 
Ulitea bad arrived from tbo Society IiUiid», 
having brought up a carf^o of siigv from Out. 
hdte. This beautiful lictlo island, liut yaur, 
prodooed one ho'i^lrfd lom n{ lUis article, mid 
this year it will br iie.irly ^i»iil<ie. tlie growtli 
of the cane is in it^ jnfanuy : ttie su^r is n&id 
to be of a very < :c<'(;ll«f)C qutlity H'liea ilic 
settlement at Morcuin Bay ii thrown o^en fur 
location, we entertain littio douht bat thnt we 
shall be able to cuUiipate suSdciiL . OLitt, in the 
wann latitudes to the nartliiriird of tliDt plfece, 
sswin in a few yean aiiEiLTsedd the Anwjsuy '>f 
sending to a foic^-n ]"irt for a "ar^ TliL' 
canes imported fi'-'i- i^n^ Ma.iiri[iii! I<_^' n Mr, 
Mayo, and planlnl Mirreioti Uny \iy that 
gentleman, are saitl to thrire w^l, and will, no 
doubt, at a future day, be the germ of vast 
fidds of this vd' mill ^ arlide of doDieSEic can- 
snmption.-^iirf. 

Aiuthtr Ssamtat-Sr Con — Why U Mr.Hlnr- 
phy, the ahnanac-iTtaker, th« nmsi linrdv' niaci 
dive Because he \a oul in nil weatliert. 
May we not add, after this, that Mnrphy b 
the most weathtr-bg^ten man In the erorll f 

£ncer««.Why bf vUol^ttid aot like Mtir» 
phy P— Because the one TsieeaAmpi«, and the 
other b ollmwUe. 

ifnofAer.— Wliy is a. mciu ivLct dnvc^ fMt 
hill, like a man v/iiv mwimt e. youog Udy a prc^ 
tent of a young spwitif-«lw»ttsto thiqr 
give o^of^^pty. 



lihilupm : MM imdi, nivlng wn, wf cm lUic w tt 

^eiy aiiiam And icterallBg^^ Zu <~,.'\ — Prhrafr Cn- 

mpi.in>dFiii:e nl Jamci Vrrnoti, Ek|.. Fiecicurv of S(atf lo 
KiLg Williain 111. yfla\ Chirls Talbot, AiXka oT 

kIi \>j ii. {'. K. Junwi Eiq^Hrnioln of Qam Ken- 
Iic'li. mni'TTl if t'hiilea I. Fion: Drl^aRL ManiJicilp; — 
HiiMd n.irfirk iihil hl« ^'rinlernjHJiaiiirt. Hy Thfoaore 
H.-.k. I-.,.;— Mn-m.r, uf J.iT? A M,G. Lewu, E*.|.- 
I'iMiii.ii l\.i[f^it.i(n 111 Sir Ufun Lyllon bul-ei— 
U'lniinr. anil tinT Muttr Uy Mi-Tc-nn — TiJiveli In 

E?ype, tlir li<i\f Luid, dir., ia IILFT. IEy Pri'>ce I'lu klcr 

li. Jl.^ iluricj thr lace woe. IVtiiuq by hlOMK— I hc 
Two BaniHU, a HoviL BgtLtdvCharUUaOvir— TiJau 
ud h» ThrabrioU Owi Imi hwiIm Tha Rmum ri 
FjUr UmaiiHind. By ihi Atnbor RQTKoa flowfr" 

fT. "Mllleil. 

I.I:i,T OF HEW bOOKS. 

TteiLin- M C„-i.]o^\ tPf J. PhllUps, r.iLS. VdL U. 
ifiirmiiiji Vrti, rsi. m iNe ■■i:jL!iiiii(t t:Ttioim-Ji»,"i r.cit", 
i;..— The Hmi'^ « rr[X» i>f Lunim il. l.uidDn, i new 
*dlllon, 4 »fili. f.riji five sm. — Di>>^t£iF'i L'onc*i\>ndcrj[r 
wijfi a ■[■hlh1, jTiil iJlari', 3 vfili. irij. Hi/. — It, 
ll«nih>n'ii .'(iirgirjl .-Vintiimj [h« Af'^l'.-*. n^" t-Jrl. 
irniii. J'-~IJ[. J. 0«in jjn Trutm^iil: ij( Ifiij- 
rcHlly I'wt, bvo, ]>, Gd.— Facili upun AyclcuHun? and 
InciuCloiJii LHltUUnnr t»yW, DiSI-Jo, (Ivfi, 3i. Iki. — 'Ihc 
Wc«Ll|<9(iukdie.<}fiiln{|«xCdlC)cBarMncler, Dy 1V.H. B. 
WeNtrr, Jit «t— CacflluEuc of ih« Spite MfiS. la Uifc 
Briiiih H DHum, ftpUo, lb — PimntdoBi im SuUecaof 
Sdean, hetaig Uie caaduiHni! VdIl dI ^leji " Nitutid 
TtwolafT," by Lnrd Bn)u(t}ii.in> 1 vdSl pnu Unj, 1^4^ 
Report* of the Mlretlnf^ nl iht (snclc-cy for PmoiottBf 
Chriitlu KtiawWjjp, Iiy C. H. c:i»ilir, rr^fti Swa. fc,— 
The Cmteiur} of wnlryan ^tFlh□ll(Inl, hyT. JaclUQD, 

rt Hto. IU, ~ A,xt\ ; a I'<»em, from [lif J^hmIoIi of 
T^w, by R. G. LitljAm. Eivn, ti. 6d. — Tti* Lhltd dT 
the AtlanUc. by C Adwrii^ Ifimo. ti, r>f. — Hiifnc's Intra- 
ductJOQ to (he Scriiilutt*. I'1!i nlit. 1 luk, l-in». .V. I^".--- 
UiLto, SurpleniHIl lo Llie TLh vOiln IImi. Si, r>i. — I>!Uii, 
Manui] or Biblii^^rBchv, K^-k ^ J riv l';rai:ii'li ljF 
<5!l«h: I'iU I. M<i: U:e'^i f'\r^r, -.t, !,■ I'timij; ^n.l 

Olft, S/, ~'i.-'tur *Vll I I li.-'.ri, U I. 11 - .imL..,. 

lciuTVll'l«l««.li'Hl tfvfi. >:!«, irur— MurUm , a M<!Ti>-jil»i Of 
a tt«fan-«l Shut, by >. R*ed, d.D., M edit, lima, 6» — 
GuuliITi T^un Vuyu M to Cbiiu, Id edttUuip piat Hid. 
7j.— Th« 5iuibEUi| Vot. I. *ia. fit. — E. J. Puthburii'* 
LKOire on the FctBuuan of tha Uitid, (.c»|i, Ii, Ad.-^ 
The RinnuKC of the Harriii, by Mlu Pardue, a volb 
paai 8*0. 3lr. fid. — tfuinoD'i VrJf WEriim, by DtuUi. 
f.caii. IU. Sd. — lUdM, k( Pom*, by 13. StoU, 
lihnu. 3*,— M«tin"i Coowryincin^;, V.i), IlL 1.: 
Pipcrfcnti bj Dtrldion, myil Jivci. I fi. " MtmiMri tif 
J. itwinbiler, ("(irmyllBiir by J. AiliilpUM. i ■v-oii. Btu. 
Sii4. ■— Eriryi'l.i|,i'.!tj Memmlicaiu : Thiid UiiUloiti 
Hiimn' £ll i>;T»L<liy- Vol. IV. *ia. SI. Sj. — PnclLul 
Worki iif Peity B. .^ticllcT, In 4 *r>i». f-cap. Vi.l. I, ii.— 
Il^fcoce uf fahy'* Miical I^tiili'vii^'liv. iii Aniver U> 
^Mienill iind !j«il):«ick, by thv KLt. T. N[\J)It'. pitlSvDi. 
if. - Hincdj 1JlYiatEi]ijj, vfllh R^ugliih Notes, by J- 
Tcnstin, Hid. 7'. I'l.—TiinscJ'i Chiaalitff, PUI III. JiO. I. 

Sd. — Thfl Hnote t.n4 Che tVdlal. 0} ihr AuUwf OC 
■-ThcIIetlnf.'' ftcSfoli. nwlSvi). »«,— H»4'« CcmK! 
AnniuJ. 1B». ISt.— The Ci«rn« fhwknd Ad^M 
at Uie lbl»tMgta« Gd— AftidSd OSc^ AiMmC 











I- ton 


V7 lO itf 








37 «■ ■ 








-. m 


»HI| " 






5i7 35 


MSI . . 






as 3? 








tj .. .17 


a!i -,ia • . 













Mr. Colbani hai .'vl■'[H'uI:tl;E^t, t>^v, ^I'ld, Uie Lin of 
Petrarch, by ThoRus LJainrbdL li^iii— JJuuyorthe Rer 



ThiiipiJay -. 
i'i<A*Y -"^ 

M ChndAy ■ ■ EH 
rundiy ' . 21 

Wlndi. N.S,uHlN.W. 

ETnpi IhF tiwlati oC Uw SChp S^bj and 3ii4h, 
~ ' lTUim-1m Ae «tli »«« t>Mr 
' iMt <m the cmMnf or 



t-^ll...>»iiiK 
thr -HHh. 

rtllft), an Inch. . - 

U!iwd*-.--ii'3r'3?'ia. . 



OnULBBTOWKBirTB. 

Wr hmvt to ackaoolMiiC ^0- > <^ " Aieu*. AI| 
Err." Which milMUIWr^'iiiJiieh upaoUw inJivUnal fchi* 

liAtr ark nawlalAG a ouU plulcr Imihi irf ihe 
i:0Ii1}h:«tj< 4jf ' ' OuJUiLune I'ell " liiubluhed by I >' Miu^inc 
uri. Ce^li whtdi wn> la ut ui be ■ very good llkeiioc, 
jrUhi H nktit be npaeied from rh* art, the organ o€ 

nMuttnuBce bdii|,hcniem, fat uh! MetiuL 

A SubKriber" will And ■ pulket dt the Utemy 
Oasftti □Bbc! the Eilttar FuiTiiic pntECllr HtUQtd bim- 
»Eir, and tietiiR Rlmrayi lu|>|iy to aid ajiut WcWT ol^icct. 

W(ibav»lhli week ilrvmrd in mudLluthe nwauQcct 
afrUvMM art a/Balndtf, iliu niaji} otria maUCU mUM 

to iffs. nil tha Oriamal MmujiM in 1M LltwrT rf 1 » .f"™ botlOTB. art. «,Ar 

lbs Hedkat Society tiTLaaloa. E«fM Sj Pr. Chsifcj| " iAm9«W»^n>t" e«7ff»iw» i 



Digitized by VjOOglC 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES 



77 



AnVSKTlBBMSMTSf 

CmMMcUd wUA Littr^ra «nd tht Artt. 

■DBITI8H INSTITUTION, 

J_J PALL MALL. 

**** '* •l.l* CttlUfM, 1«. _ 

VlLUAkTBABHAKO, KMpw. 



BRITISH WATBRPOOF. — 432 West 

«• tto MhbMm ^Om MM WtUrfr-Jlnt O trnf u mg . 
Qmatmm, iMwtHlly UM*! ik* ■u l u (rrw fm- 

MM M t fj l li* I* tto wd* I MM JM »C IkM pMfM*. ' »«• 

■mmM* vllk upn^S^ iUM tlM HMlt-wblsh 11 • OM. 
AtUaaTikadcd^nuwiOTliTiriMttfMMi. Ta lUi Ian* 
laaUt itoc«wi vaMnrMftw I km. Iv • lo^ pnlal. 
4Tawd frwt •itMtlM. aai wM tfi* >tM vho yabllclT lBU«dao*4 
lit H»c« wfcWH I a»d Mt fooU— I mx m Umt t fm ttaa»At» 
vUk II, «b4 karlM Nllr uMtttln** ib* KUt!** nurlu lb* 
«M*M 11 r . M* bAc* pabile, I fMI haliaUoa te 
MaUM. AM tb* f«Mit tt mr asfhmrMt mtt ««f»rii»«« to 

frJimj 'i*- 'T — r Iaak*«hU*MilibBtM 

valaaU* ■ dlManrj ui, u th* m»M, l«u dlMMU 
'i A* htratotdM aTuv tb* cMTintimi lartUMU 
■hM •Mad t* M> 

lM. O w H IWif, 

Tmt* («M«dUl*> 

wZlTU BBIUWB, TiUw. 



■py IM, ins. 



MCwBkllL 



Mkrvwibar? ; 



MaMlar 

BMW MmiM I Mr. I. BHcbm. 
I Mr. e. rnmit, NnoMla «^ OiMAaad i Mt. P. 



Ml MMin. B»A imtTn-r, IpfvMi Mr. J- Oi 



_ Mr. BmtcII, Balhi Md> *■<• Agaau fW 
■■lal«M>,M<ww.ir«.F«wiiwIC>.T«Uawb>AffalalM ' 



ANBSSWVS BEITTSH and FOREIGN 
UtmA9.T^tU» BbmI ■mM.'TUi Llbr», na. 
1 m n i V i i r T i r r Waru n BkfUik awi 
- - tamndnntaaLlaruiifratani aMntilLUuSa. 
Mhmi r *bicb, UflMhar wlib *wat tmm Pv^ 
■hiM i , III ' ' I — -■ — Mrttart Iv taim 

U UN am (Suan ib* laoMlur parual «f itiM. 




d«a> ^dIhi inj ct» i-l>A IT ■TiiiTn aiT< 

k'MAl vH t« •iipi-uli't.'-n nf '^^Mrij Mn li to 

■ Su llbml. Hmli ctill BT- -Aik, .Mch b.i Dliiilaad 
p«nMMlTaMtalHJn|[ul4htd ^iiro&i(c b* bb« tajajl. 

rurmt....£T 7 • I n^aar.... i* B 
■blTTM.... 4 « • HalfTaar.... ■ ■ o 

Qiimr I U < I Owraa I U o 

Plulka r BMIealan, CaWilin"> "UJ ^ bad an aprUaallM 
IhaUbnn. Saab>llK««Mloallaatu*rtbaKaMri(f. 
MWb a^ IMak Ukrwr, 1 n If a« BaU Hmk 



TftT idiilwi. Iwir-rl jiln loMaf 

CARPKNTfiR*S £I4aLI8H SPBLLINO. 
■.a jmMm.— ThaaaliMMlMwdaaHplaUaiMlaviif 
CarfaaJt^ laaMiiw" K pallfihaiily Mam. l .afM a^ 
Ca.aa4 Uwn.WblllakaraBaOa. Aaf paHM alltM aai «<b*v 
lba> Iba ■ » ■*■ li Uabia M mUm ■* la« t aad, dtoca 
WT. l«»i«mlT ba p r anaadaJ iiatau bi Ma aioftlaMtt. 
rirVn- • -f — — , a^tfuratRaadCa. 



HANSARD'S DEBATES. 
Tba Htaban aT both Uoium. Llbml«. Claha, *a. 
an 11.11 lfi"j I rft wid Ibal nab amanaaau ban bam 
■■^ walll mU* lb. HiMMd (• l«Ma ttla mak la WaaUi 
Kj^^vkMl liiai Bcb progna* >1U ba aa«a>i« aa wlU 



vkMi liiai Bcb profna* >1U ba aaaaaad 
laaaM af mm bmm >Mamt Dabataa i wbaaUvllUM. 
al Dm mmm aaaa Im lha >i a> OT llM af ll>a 



«fimiiiMi~ 



SALES BY AUCTION. 
VIM MMttfU OaMMt orVtatOM 

Bj MESSRS. CHBISTIE lad MANSON, 
AT THEIR QRKAT ROOM, 
KINO BTBBBT, IT. JAlOn tlQDAK^ 

CMSATDRDAY, MARCH tSd, 
Al Oaa praelwlyt 
THB BMTtltB 

MMMt Of naUMB, i^f^V>M»t 



The Terr OlMiloe OaMnet of Bxqnlslto 
BtiiiBh wid ■aiiton rtetoros of J«m«s 
■tewartaBoa> 

MESSRS. CHRISTIE and HANSON 

WMwlWIy hlhtM ika HablHiir.ru— iImmwi iml tttUut 
thallkayvUl 

SILL BT AUCTION. 
AT THEIR ORBAT ROOM, 
KINS intBRr, BT. JAHISV BQUARE, 
OBSATtntDAV, APRIL BIh, 
Ttao XatlM OaMaet orddoAr Smoil 
and aBglUta Metareot 

OrJAHBfl tTtWAKT,X*i. vita li laB?lnf Ul A««U«w«. 

Tblt baiatlfbl CMIaedan vlll ba ftond la oaalala Cbaft. 
d'nTra* M iba moai dlatlBgaiAad MaMac^ mmj Bri M mmi 
■otoova I* tbb Ca«Bln,BBd all Mla««ad,nalaal| wUbbfiaw 
pmlil. Maba la baaaUAU aad agraaablaSaHHIi. 

WwMm a allda, dwaflptl— of iha CaUanU*, M 
■hatilifltaa. 



BOOKS IN THE PRESS. 

Bb OFdir ar a* lardt ai m liih— i tfgw M^ttljft Tiiamr y . 
Oa ll«ad« B«« •ill bt rablldiad, la I val. i*a, IHaMbM 
«f lb —araai F laM, flwOoai, fte. 

A REPORT on the OEOLOOY of CORN. 
WALLlOBVON. aad WBBT HOMBBBBT. 

Bj RBN. DB LA BBCHB, r.E.B. dia. 
Olractar of Iba Oiduim GMlafkial IhinaT. 
- M : nUntad for Hm Ma>>lT'i HtaUnaij OBaa. 
PaUUbad \i Laacmaa, Aw, and Ca. 



]> Iba Plata. 

IVTATURE DISPLAYED t or, an atty 

JLl lalwdMIlM WHATOBAL TBBOtaOY. mMh IWi l , 
la hBlHar CeavarMilaM Um WUdaw. PWar, Md Oia da iM af 
flad.a faalfciri lla ibaWarkaaftbaO iiadM . UlMMIadTttb 

nrySr>SwJ?i^iUr*' **"'*—* 't'UMf 
Sifyr. PIMHOOK. 
AallurMtba" Citaaht»i,' Jm. Aa. 
(Kami tMdj.) 
JI. 

A MaBOal of Hduew Oramaiar, irith Polata ; 

an a Caaalw lUidaHiaB Mite Hair Tiagiib m iWMid m M 
MUUta tiM <Mk atlMBlBt lb aailB STSmm* aTa Mmm 
to agbU Iba MtwiMt W -t»hB B ttiiilf BrJ.r.HW. 

lU. 

Howitt*! DiBwinff-Boofc of Animals, condit. 

B. Cmb^ ndC» l« MOTsm iMM. 



Naarbmd*,Ulfa.eMhbaaad«. 

THE PRINCIPLES and DOCTRINE of 
HIMPLB a>d COUPOVND IlfTBKnT, ANNUITia, 
Md BKVBIBIONS, aaaliMoallf aad pnaUaaUf aspUlaad. 
Wllh M* and anaaalM TabUa. 
Bj PBTBB HABOr. P.RJ. 
AcUarj aad BasMiaiT la Ua Ma«ul Idlb AMiaaa* BMMy bad 

AataaiT taiha l aa h i W a BiiHaaai i i Ii 

lM«aB< A. B. Btflp MB Ofc a I 



rpH^ NOBTH BRITON, a Nmr London 

■ — ^. ^ Baatihb Ubatal laianat, 

Patraai) MhtprlaaOd. eaalalalag, 
-. _Mn,aad MlMallaaaaai M««iar 
Ellfaaea aTall auii aTHaatliad. .Ordm 
la To«B *ad caaalTT. 

WalUMMa Bwaal Madb, Wlnad. 
aia tafaaaMd W ba bUmhbL 




BPLBNDIDLT ILLUBTBATBD BOOKB, 
TaMhM to HadOMa aadOraMt, Hm MatMQ^ PabUAm. 

PROUrS SKETCHES in FRANCE, 
BliriTXBBbA)ID.aadtVALr. I)fmaaBlaa*,«n. 
«lialybr Mr- Tnun, ta auat iatiiaOaa af bia adflaal Wtaiofcaa 
fraaiNataia. 

lnpNUlMla.tl.«r.t batHiaaad-IadtoP t aifc M-lfci ar 
oriaand and ■aaaladtoPtatfclla, lib. lU. 

Stanfield's Sketohei. 

TW Haaalla. iha BUa«, and tba Maaw. 
Ifwlrt Mia, U. U. I aa l a ar ad aad — Mlii ta PartAUa, 

IM. lOh 

Robatti'i Spaauh SketchM. 

lararUl Mia, U. *i. i eotoarad aad naooM la FartMla, 
lla. Id. 

Lawla^ ftMBlih SlutcibBB of tha Albamlm. 

Dnn «iB««Ml9i. U. HHdlnttB.J.I«M|AJLA«Ha 

J. Lavli. 

UMMlMIMik«l.«*>l calaaradaadMnMteMMIat 

llU. IDt. 

BadiHB aad Qntm, Rtr H^^^^rlntMllan aad PabUAtn, 



ANEW OREEk'^RAHMAB, tot tin 
Utof ■ e b a o U. 



>* lha Bm. CBABLBB W<MUIBW0BTB, M.A. 
H BWfci m I T— af owin fawrti. OiBil i Ummd 
KMwarWMiliiilwBifciit. 
J<h« Hanm, AttMuria BtHM. 



WkM ksMtaMiAwladwIlhnM Wla aad Ja d f I, O i il wg 
atNM ifnaaif Tmh. 

Bl J. MBl ' ITBU . BBICKWOOPt B^. 
Aad mMI« aMMMMW at Ml iMtlH hB BaridMM la 
BbNMBfMta. 

C waar n iMa Partralt «f Ja b iaaai Paa. Ib aad ii af Iba Oidar at 
ClMMr,toNartB*i « aayim Wart af r waa lKl l.ftaw IhaCat- 
laatlaa at Jaka bMN Bat-t Tan M at Daai Abaaidllm. 



. llB«,lba 

ladawB*adSabJ«atbiNlaal»raa^l BaaaaMaadtba 
aa laaalilia Uaaa, bi Van dac WwTi aad aapual B^mI. 
r lha Utealac vaai Muun 1- 



MMrf lha laUaalaf pau 

L-daVM Mbm 
Catnafla Braaghal 
UbrnM Tanlan 
ParoHflaaa 
Canaaei 
TlaMtaM 
J. Jaaaafi 




V.datCaaaOa 
W. MiatO 
Moaobaraa 
K. da Jaldia 
VtmOm 
V.flaal 

Baaa 

V. 



BOOKS PUBU8HED THU DAY. 

TBS PBBBUAET NCMBBK, 
Prio* Balt«>Ci«aa, la a b alllibid aiib nn» IthMtnUaaa by 
UaaiM CnlfcAaak, af 

ENTLBY'S MISCELLANY, 

tVU»dbrCKABI.ia DICKBV'a.BH|. r'Bai-'l 

AaiKHuna at HaB^l Aad>, bj 
hmlLarar _ 



B 



Jirt &)i*pnEid, hf Iba AaOar 
•r " H«akaaa4> ■!* 
lUMMlNO^^aa^ 

na iaa*4ai dVOa BWRiV 

Kuaiiii Lam 
1>< Ei.rn.l Clly, ai Raublat 

thrnufh hnar.bi HnAaltoi 

ti ■• .t fiTliliB fiabbufa 
Ttii- I'rt* Man'* «Lua, « t 

(. brutBui Til*, lir W- Jir- 

ilin 

Op th-r IV.Ih af <>1(i. M-Mliliij 
t<< L'-j,;nltliT<i>i1>irirT 

0I1»I Tslii, 'Vkii,' lIIui- 
.thtaaaL 



uatadi hf CivatH Urathtai 



Ma>4a daTIMMM **mA 



BMftiafliJIan 1} J, A. 

Wadv 

Lsir, (ram at Pranab af M. 
if r^rot, ig Hai Tana 

SliichH ad Mii^iiaAi Cw- 

i'liLniin Chaiialarfillli 

IWlaUTi rrilllMllir ■ Baal^ 
Iru o( II ill TTlllll. mA 

MMrUffH 



THE NEW SPORTING MAGAZINE, 
ftr Maaan, HWtNa. XOtV.laalB* W- M. n aabiiliAad 
vlth Waad Sfcaaian, aMavad bl J- W. Aiabar, ftoai a ralBiiBy 
b^. P. omtmt MMfinanw. tapivad by B. Hackar, ilur 



Ha. II. 



WaadlibaBUn 
Thtlai* J4hn Watrddi Mm 

Ml )lvpi>" Tn*d1ar 
Thi I 111 ( ip»lB Ifarria AatM ITiaBd Hliad 

Niliii-a ^' iii<Jc*- Na, I. B, Vulftin 
/IlI.i-l:-. JniFflaarlarr Ho. Nbim. of ikr MonLh 
miTitj ua UI*UAap«qMl« D*Hl^UT>i)M«i|r» 

h|liiMuk«aaqUU ■«nH' ' - 

Vf. )ttitn, IH Oiroad KiraM, I^aniloa j Uacbla, n VOfBit 

SITMl, ['□ILIm 



BOTDV ANTHONf) CICBBO. 
la 1 laraa Tal. daodoalBa, boaad la aialh, «Im >i. 

SELECT ORATIONS of CICERO, with 
aa Kafllth (liaaaaatan. Md HlMarloal, flaaffraaUaai, 
Bi^ Lacbl JaduoB. 

Bt CHABLBS ANTHON, LL.O. 
PiabMoa at ABdoBi Uiaialan la Cal>MMa Callan. 
A M«* BdWaa. vltb AddlHou aad Bwoala t laai, by Jam* 
Bq4 U-A aaa M tha Maaun ar Ika High Mf^nMbbai^ 
t iadM I fttaUd far "^^I^^Jg^^^ Cb «a f Bd*> Md iild >f bU 
or wkafli Bka ■« ba Ud. 

Antlum's Salhut. By Boyd. Prioo it. 
Anthon'i Horaoe. By-B<7d. Price 7*. atf. 

Alia. 

Anthon's Cwar'a CocnmeoUriai, with Plates 

ndMBta,pttea«t. 



THE MONTHLY OHBONICLE, fbr 
, PAnaiy.eaalBlaa- 
1. Lard BteaAaai oa iha BelfBeaa eamactad with NubtbI 
TbaiiiQ (BBpabllibadl^-t. Tba Cera-Lawi — >. Ortannoa U 
tha Haayi Sir Jaha BarraV,-^ BUdlaa af OalaTliafad <Ab- 
liallil afBhakipatai Ka. II. — 6. AaMita and Iha ImUbb 
Ukanlk— ft bokllM aad Baa Jaaaaa. 7. RaditM ifriliiBi- 
HwlitaaBa on Rallvayii Ac. Ac. 
1 aailaai I latiBaa, Owaa, aad Ca. 



AFANTj 
Siaadi aad ( 



iBl Tal.pHoat 

;al 



EXCURSION 



FANTASTICi 
iPLAMBTa. 
1 OiBty, Caadkit Skm^Hbmiik IVHM. 



■ Vw BbMhIm SIMrfL M. S. 

MB. BENTLEY had Jut pobllM 
ihaMlavlacirBir BOOKBt- 

r. 

Mflowin of John Bannbter, CflaudUn. 

ayJakBAdalBkBa.Baq. 
t Tab. tro. villi PUMa. 

tl. 

Tba Prioee and the Pedlar. 

B> ttk Aate aT » «hs B^Mfc"" Tha a^kaiT' «• Tha 

He*Mnni^rtM,"iK. ataikpHtsShicieBMf. 

III. 

WOd Seanoi In tlifl Fonat and Pnlrie; 

Or, StaMi aad LoMBd* of Hta Pm WMt. 

BjC.prSCtaaa,Bii. 
AbUmt of A Wlalac la Aa Wm.- 
s rtto. pa« Sta. itlee Ife 

IV. 

Lannd and Robibiigb, AfHcaaand Eonmcan. 

^BMMrtJ*M.UtM.B3l. SrMhFNtdM-PriwMh 

Sam 8Uck>b BabUai of CaoBda. 
iTCL •»•. Ub. Oa ad BdBiM, jHt mir. 

VI. 

Tha Widow Bamaby. 

ByMn.TroUar». 
SwIfc t M H ii. friaabto. 

VII. 

Sir Ba L. Bolwtr'B « Lait Dsyi of Pompeii,'* 



MaaaisBUUlM. 
Pomlaa OwNaw VaTaaMar 



78 



QBSSSVATIONS on Umw wd Calcare- 



.1^ 



BiCaloMl fAHLET, 
I Wa 



1LLUSTKATI0NS of tb» PUBLIC 
BUILDINOB of LONDON. «llb HIUmM Mid OMWlp 
Um Hmnm •TMok BjUttM. 

Bf FVOIN MdMtlTTOM. 

(foU. Iw tea. tat Pi»M«, tMif-bowd tft «Hro«oo, 
frtM ■/.■<. 
iahn VwUt« Mlfta tMkan. 



TRANgAOTlOMS of llia INSTITUTION 
arclVIL BNOINBXIU,V«l.ll. «w. aKlfcnR wlib Uia 
Flm VahiBM, nM^nd rUi«, fcj Ih* M Attlm- 



rpAEBOOI^O OB tb« 8TBAM ENOINS 

I «W STIAK NAVIUATION. 

Bf W. iTC WOOLBOU8S. 



DIU.PIDATIOHI AND NOIBAMCM. 

A TREATISE on ihe LAW itf DILAPI- 
OATlOim uri NUIiAHOn. 
■rjuviD aiuoN,!^. 



Of Mw HlMtoTMitor^ 



UI«al.Niil»«.«lthRiM%pilwlM*>i nvlthriMM 
wptnu, H jii Atlu, II. W. 

AN ATTKMPT to PSV£LOr tfao LAW 

Br U»m<.-0«I.W. BIID, 
OritMHmlButoMn. 



CtoriM Lm<»i», B-A. BanTavK 

rBE ART of DEER STALKING. 
Bj WJIXIAM HCBOPB, bf. r.LM. 



■IBTOEIOAL CLAMI-BOOKS. 

A COHPI^TB C0UB8E of ANCISNT 

QU ITIB8. 

Bj**B«>. Dr. ROBINSON. 

9. An Abridgemnit of OaUMiitb*« Biitdry 

3. An AbridgMOMit orOoUanUh'B Htatonr 

i(E*W) VIA • i^wmJ Mhn It. M. 

4. five Hunidf«4QBMti«ni on OoUmltlt^ 

5. FifB UwaMi QoMlloM Ml QtUmMk'* 
& A Eaf «B th« QMMku on QfMot nd 
7. A Oalda to ilw ttnij ntitt Sliton of 



gOUTER*6 ImjtTow^ and Enlargeil Editlani 



BM«-'ia. •SSSHui-.j-ii.TiBrmiti wti*M-f-iJ, _. 

f 1—f HpllJ — 14. JnUl< Anllifuldn— IT ''li^i^L-iI lll''ri>|<tii — 

llTTllTIBwq— <» BuHnT-f ftili -h CudimiuLil JB-SL iiiif. 
~ ~~ Frcfn 1 1- 4 ii-Aiijiiia r - JJ- jEaL^an ti-rajDrnnr — 



Ian— Hi 

hntPMtii. 
PaUUMlbr 




juvBHnK eu V>BOOU, 

S OUTER'S Progmilrfl Primar tn Spentng 

3. SoD««r*B ^ognvdvoSpriliflf rSook, lf.6<i. 

3. Sontor'i FrognHlrft Pint Sotwwl RMder, 

4. SoDtar*! SMoad School Ba*4er, 4f. 6d, 
1. Tba EofllUi Mm». with 9M Eagrar. 
«. Ttw Eodidt UoHmt** CmmIiInr. wKh 

3. Th« National SaalUag^ U-U. 

4. Tba NttkMl Mar, wMi IM Bpgnr 



VOL. IL of tba MIRROR «f lUTE. 
RATUBB tmt AHUSBMKNT fcr lOVM** 1» W. U 
•ateHMMdwNb amrttarPlftT Bvailw.arwtMllaf HI* 
RajctHlchMMlhaDakasf Cunkrldt(>M4 MMir •MMtuut 
•f Mlatul Pmhj »ImifUwm kB4 aaMruiaitawAitMai ban 
W«»Ba ifcfcifalNMfa /^nMt, iM^mmMHIttd vHM* «h* lui 
•U wwb*- AMtc At BntnTiui vlll ba foBQ* * hhtifiit 
if Ai M4Mn. Iha HV Otovb. 



Old tM* Nn Ba6«aAl5^ *.BmwW«, W^tg 
St. JimM'l Pufc, Md w 
laUmk 



avml MM* •( p«t«)w and 



L. S. POBKL 
Ib 4 rtU- taa Ir*. wlc* M. vltb ■ Pwlnlt bi M'OiM. a4 

''rBE POETICAL WORKS of |<ETITiA 

X BLllABBTtl UNDOK. 



HE MET R'oP O L I T a N 

fti Titiwj am»\mi ihi Mli»lt i^iImI ImMwi 

MMf DIMMI Biita. By 



PART I. of VOL. I. for 1830. of tha 
MtMMM # LITBBATVBB W« AWtfaSMSNT, 

OlVM Ml. Bataa^- iMdouMsl Pmmwm la Oii 
Culte !■ vhUi t. B. C.M,*Ub h«r AaMcn^-Om » 
N < w »MiH *a.i >MIIM mlmim» •fOiWMt f^Mh to : 
Md v«M.tw aiMM imtMV.*** Mm A mSMm 

VoLaibv laSS, pdea it. fidLbOHidl, 
Joha UmUM. ui BtiHd. 



PABLBT-a TAUta ABOUT MTTBOIMIT. 
!■ I *«L (tun UK*. tnbtlUtM vuh n Can* 

TALES ab0Dt**'uia^*MVTHOLOey of 
aBBBOBiwdBOllB. 

Bf mSB PABLBT, 
*Mk«r if** •• TriM abatH flMM, Bm." 
Laaiani PriMrf ThMu T«u, 71 ChwaiU* i »a* m*i ba 
praaand.bf artai, af grifcar tt aJ rt allaifc 



Na. I. 

«••, b* M IrUh BanMaa 

M. TbaCawteaflkaBMn ari ■. B«m. 

«. TkaWaataMldfaBana, 
>lit|^rflka«Hti. Br 



Ik »*inw FbMtak Ha. IV. 
OMfMimaadllS. d* Hwr 



^•aM> DIMMI BaUa. 

Hf>.Abd7 
A HiMila* 



1^a^j?% 



Bj Mn. BdvMd 



taataa Braw«a 
1). Tba Itotor-i Cava 

TttS. ttj Un-Cnwtm* 



MOENINOS AT BOW aTBBBT. 
bi I feaadMMa vaL Acap •ra. tMballUbad wUkfl OaH kr 
k. ta. nlaa U. bmiad Is elalh. 



CnukahaBkL 

THE MORNING^ at BOW 8TB£ETi b 

X aMMHM*r<lMMaMH«BMnMa '~ - - - - 

■ ■■vaMGpMNM***' 

TfcaofcadWIia. 
laadM I Priuad fcr Ttieau* Twk n AMfMlat 
•aid hf aU alto B atto al Urt. 



Pablrtbad bj i. WMlt, AfcUw«Mnl LOmn, M Hick Ualkm. 
Ma«IU«>, 

A TREATISE on I80HBTRIGAL 

BBAWnia. ai MfBeaWa M Saaiaataal lad NMu 
na>L r i ilwmaa P»ll«aa— ■ af OnaaMMat Oil ■ M i. Pm- 
ipaatiaa Vim aad Warttag VMM af BalldMi mt Miiblaiil. 

asd ta lantnl PurpoMi af CIOI ltnclMtclB|i vllh DaMH* ^ 
Ispnnad Hatbadt at Pen i Ml PlaM aad Baaard* ariabMr. 

■• Br lh« Mn. mmI IxbMd Cil* Mil MMftMa wmt m Ow 

nbjM>l.--£aw(M'( 

A Set oTPMiaMiV PanlU Bolan, 
PwOaMrwttMWErttaf n«M Mrt Pn*laei la IMMMM 

m. 

An Aocount of tba Mining Olrtriota In Conk 

WlMid and PvrtMM, dwoifdn af lha inMW|, AMlflMtlM. 
OaalWtartlfi^OparMlBM. P>Ua4a.ML 

"nT.»apvia.roji. 
ir. 



Oaoloidfial SecUoM of TBiloiu Uinaa I« Alflm 

Hav airt TaMdalai (hawtac tta dM> n ai Bmm aad aabM* 



■rMapaa»,y*B. 



Pita* U. Pwt Iba PIfM af 

T3IBLE MANNERS ud CUSTOMS, 

JLJ lUHwyd la a P|i<a aad PaMllHt M a j aM.ftatatha 
OliinMl I IK rfTiawllMi la Ihm Bm». BMiaadErtta Yomi, 
BBdtelbaHlddUaiCliiiMt. 

a«B.MAM«r. 

J«a.M«P. BlataeMg. at.Paat>ClaHiMMd.aad 
WaMSaPlMa. Pall HaiL 



SCHOOL. BOOKS. 
Bj VILUAU BTTIBB. 

1. MlsodlaneiHia Qoeitiona in Engllih His. 

Ury lad Blap>|*|. 4th »Maa. ariaqa by Tkaaui Baan. 



5. CfaroBolodoU* BiognpUoal, Blatorleal, 

aad HlHallwMaai BtMslMl. aa a aa* Pua.dwIgaadflKdaKr 
laa. IDA filMaa, Mdufad AaMU BMn. Uaw. A H. 
aaaad. 

3< Aritbinatloal Qoaatloni, on a nav Flan. 

inh adliUa. «|A AddlWiai, Itao. di. bawid. 

4. B «a reliei ob the Globei and Hape, Intar- 
■MMad «Uk (NM KIMaTfaU. BlMn>yeal, OfaaAae U a l . Hi- 
IMaalaat, lad JtlMaUaaaaai I Aiiallaa. a* a an rtiai U 
wbIcK ar» BddMI. Qaanioe* fat BHaiMallaa. WMfcaaAtfia 
die, bf wklafe Iba CaaatrilaUaa* awj ka miiumiS: if 
TbaMBaaia. IKk i^Waa. Maa. dfc btaaT^ ^ 

6. Oaorrai^ilaal ExardM on tne New Tas- 

MMaal. daKrtUaf lha Prtadaal PlaM* M Jadva, aad Ikan 
«M«ad bf at. M, tad aanad^ Maa> ar 

iBaMriMHhaarti 



a- Miaaaai l a m dad ta Bw ■ ■aawll m l Hbaailii. WNh MaM, 
a tataf Aaaaaat aflha PriwaMI B aWiloai aaaM. Mh A- 
Haa. aalwvad l9 TiMM BaafaTlkaa. M kaaad. 

ft ArtthmaUaal Tablaa. IStli edUfam, wUli 

AddUiaaalniThMMiBMMa. PM«*LMa«4. 

aald to J. lui^i ftrtw "gj^;^ ' ' twhin, 



aw wl — aaiOa^PiWte t 4lMa j . C i»W» t iWil. 



TBB CnnKBI OATMU0 AND AIOBnlUCAk 
)al*MMl.en.Hkal». 

FABKBISM BXPOKBOandBKrUTBIk. 
tad tha ApaMalWB a( Iba OMhalic Chanh VMdlMad. 
By «WBa«.>. C. HUSBMBBTU. 

ifuHi pi* la TKmvifmt i!t Um^ifmi ^— J^lfr"i- 

■w rita rw i iwi WtaNU dv^'^iVV*'** *• **■ '^■^ 



la 1 ad. nial SM' icIcB 

mE SCRIPTU^ 3100RAPHT, oao. 

i|lM,*AniteOUUa«wn. 

11. 

Udiliaiaiaili imdt»a.»«laa II. dt. ta amhiw li . M^t l . 
IWM2>ta a BMiM «r M aSa tad «0w ataQ I^iSAltW. 

Ttta Scripture Oaaattaar. 

TMa— »ataaa«taad^Ka>taaiaaeaidHP*aa»,Maia 

Hi mtj MM ttStUiSgiSimm^ 

III. 

la 1 Tal. IfBO. |«IM ad. 



Tbe AatoblognahT of Uardn 

Naw ani twa JaMd U»m Iba Ort|M il i 
a«iih. BUN, aaAC*. af«M«hUl. 



OOHPAMION TO TUB BABOMBTBB. 

THaadiaaMtfrilalad aa lafal 4(e. audboavd.arlca If. Id. 
HE WEATHER GUIDE i or, an ladaK 
lalbtBtnaMari aaMMUaaftaBMiiaaadlliiaaiial 
art to Haath. w aa M nitWl 1 



rwoa* tajadgai 



I laHkriMani ratpaallM tha WaallM*. 



HBw» rmoM tmti to tub piptii orDBCkMBsa. 
^BB AUATIC JOURNAL for Fahronrv 

_ ■■aMailadha Umnaim ' - -— — - -f 



aaawWav van iMiilaal Han maaatMa Ma 
*• afaUi ar Iba Hairt 1 ib* Mp* 

. Ipdu, tl.> Huu Affaitiln UaMtf. «w pMm- 

tta^i fit IVir alih ili< Uuimn.j at-, aLib lb*- C,tu a^llUi- 
tmr jlmaCKau. u»t*^i »r*m, *i>psl'<(«itNi4, Tn 
to vQTiii«i*d. vILJb thaap Subjni*. Tlia Jaaml «aa< 

Oam figH. to. to. Tha OrLfTuI A^i;^ Utlndia tha M- 
loaladi— hrrln DTKiaitrri Ni>i - A Et'mmbonM DTihath. 
paM*d~TI>« l|4«%*Ht»a Muhmdm— Tt-* fiUMtHeala C>. 
aaiEin HOI-^Suif HvMij Ui JaJu, JjiK,r_Tba bwl Altr»— 
Tb* a.nli Poihl. of KiAiliLln^llTI. pMluu'-CBIili"— Ibr 
PbJI«w1i7 of ihi iJindai'-.Tta Mrt-^t ^ ladla — Caiart 
Mliriiall n Sf^llUii rnHla- FrmiHUom of AiLitln PoclatMi- 
Crtuoal Natl«a— iMaalal LltMaif latanMn**, to> 
W. H. Altaa aad Ca. T Laadaahall ainal. 



BLACKWOOD'S EDINBURGH BEAOA. 
ZIKI, Na. CCUXX, to PaMaary. 

Ciataatt- 

I Str EdlUaa ar Bm Jaaaaa — 1 1 . I!.l#nimi an |k< 
U~ J'-fikwIII. K««t> A(K<ini ■rf-llmrlL Br lha Ixafc 
Oi>"T i;«uas*dl— IV, JbdHilaaa aa Pb«i«i Itorii 

ann ■ -'i"V.AH loUMacI^ iht rrHit uh bf >r Ca*- 

....... r.KVl. tnitfn J-^VI. IriEwid aa#ai tba Trial* 

OarilH ind ihr Ciarmini — IX. i>n UUbM4 itaatl!''! Ian J'tdt' 
MCTLi — X. Tlir lieri^Iiri. A iMad of AldiiUr-^ XL Hiotlir 

BJ llill(rjnui IMiifalian. 
Llliiin Uii.-L>ih:'J inJ Hint, K.liril.uiah : Hnd Tbaa 



la I ael. tiaan In. wlaa It, aaMli baaad la rialh, 

SELMA; a Tale of tbe Sixth Cruaade. 
■naaaiharaMlaaptlr dnlnaui ibU< ■ nanl in ittiai*,' 
aad It hai aMHU im bath meacti. Ai ■ laW li hai nacb ta 
riTat IW am II lIMaaNtaaMparitfBa^.aaddMtharuttin 
■ad laaUaalaan aalartllj uhI rtllfatlr ataltad. Tba UH«Nta 
thiaagbaal If nmiikablf and tiacifal ; thi Tbjn*, lAlcb, 
aaMblnad vllh lb« aalani floir al Ibi Tana, 1> a t«wl ta« at 
CMtiUj M antWIan. I* af ilaialattj anifam canaclnaMj Md 
Ihwa aw paMfM wbleb, to paitlB Ihocj am faaalnalMlM^ 



lta|)*awlV|AM i» 4 «>l» <*» »• 



op 



HENRT 

AT TH£ BAA AND IN ?Aai«lAlf£NT» 

uroN qvwtiom hHi^tihq to 

PUBLIC RIGHTS, DUTIES, AND INTERESTS, W|TB BlftWMUCAL 
INTRODUCTIONS^ 

CRITICAt BT8SBRTATI0N UPON THE BLOQUENCB OF THB ANMWH& 



*'A««k^itdiowht to lin inTiwnit tij nTirrfrrrnl-ilrl nrr '- th^BriU*. ^ ^ „ 



, wIm out kflufU to add 

temdiu 



ChariM Md Co. Loadoa. 



Mm ft. MMlj taBB4 !■ riiH. 

THE EXTENT and 0BI40ATI0N of 



_ -A-aisr^' 

By W. YDWAXT. 
Aathtr •rfk* KmHi OmH*. i»* fllMpl" 1 

iiwiinini "iiirtrirr---i "— I — uvnj> 



_. , t aMi«>«>i sooteir 



wnUN LKTtnUtS-TnRD IDlnOH. 

LBCTUREslZ'^BNl^lsb KWPBY, 
Am tt« Mm til. WAaTiM 

^Fhbnrv NHLB. 

AtW rftW " hamtM •! HI«*»fT." *c Im. 

TUi wMh wtll fotM •■ MMtUbl' «■< ■ HW «f l iM iCMMt m 

LMtoi jMiphTlMaMi T.T«Mi aad M^ki»M« C«, 

NawtMdj. 

PRIOR'S LIFE of tb* RIOHT HON. 

I Ml. wMh f»mh m4 raMlBlh* tomaA la aM 



m GBUm lIWUaT-AMBW rOLOKl. 

FAIRY TALBST'ta VBBSE. 
■j te Aate tf «0M FUMto fai a N>* BMk- 
WUkamMfWwmiMt. 

lU A^TCBtm of B^iiliuon CniMO. IHth 



uwm. 

TC*tMiaadmulj«U«n*d, 

Tbo Ub of U aiuio Waaoh. TaUor In DaDuiUi. 

I>i»ll^niiiwwiin*f n mm nw<tiliw> „ „ 
waaiM BM^iNaa m * aayk W i u ^ fi i»* «a«iM CM^ 



SMMHUPHIOAL CLAU-BOOKIi. 

THE OEOGRAPHICAL TEXT-BOOK. 

Fdm It. oMk> 

2. A Companion to th« 0«OBrapblail TesU 

to. ■tela. ». M crto<u«d. 

I. OoUhiM <^ OaofnAhjr, Inlesdad as ■ 
4* A Cataehiwn OautruhT, orSaeaDd Book. 

BrikalU*.ni.It«lat- ?iImH. 

S. Modem QMgnphy and Hia^. Bflk* 

S. Modern Atlu, oompridog 27 MlM. Bt 

UMa«*.T.CIuk. MmUp. ' 

7. Andent and Hodem Atlu, 43 Bfapa. 

BjUlU. PilMfth 

8. U inor Atlai, eataftiiing thoae Mapi moat 
gMNtowM. Jb lk«MB>. rrinl*.MlMMl.«.pWa. 

9. A 3eriM of School Mur, coloared, 64, 
JmMtof FtvU*, 

lawM. 



Mad] MM arOMUM tUf*. f b* SImT u b> J 
rtlat tfTMaki P'^tMtlMhbc MMlar PafOi, «2. i 
SnUr> kkMl Uknrr* ulTlM aan 



PriM W. 

A FEW INTBOBUCTORY HINTS 



48IHPUPIED*LATIN WIAMBIAR. 

J*k« Hamr, AllNBWtli 



Wlthiira«MU.M..Ui. 

SIR JOHN BARROW'S LIFE of LORD 
ANBON. T*«U*liaaM.»aBlBlMAMamiriht 



CLASSICAL UTERATURE..B00IU 

I. 

•m. Uf. 

n. 

P a W l ii 'a 0«M)opie of IW iMdw 
QiMkVerta, 

»>a.Ti.a<. 

lii. 

Pdlo*t Agamemnpn of JBMhylm. 
1*0. lBaltaa«>> 
l». 

MiltWiiili fliirt flw— I 

MiadMHtfWilii. .» V*.a«>.t|h 

MiffUn'* aiMriar'Oifak Qnipinitr, 

Fai lha (Tm rfatfcaali. 
MaUlla^MflMl. UM.a*.lMHri. 

•cWllv^aLii^ 

ni- 

L#ctarea on the Coinage of the Greek* 
and Romuiat 

TIU. 

UiM*i pQVulv Awoiulk of Ik* PoUb ud 
PifnM Ufo «f A* Aiwlinl OMtld. 

IZ. 

Colaridge*! latroduoUoa to the Study of Oe 
Oreek Clairio Poeta. 
M««tUa. Ma 

Mtldwll'a Flm of AHModuuiM. 

vim. with Bafttrii NM^wd^^jMd ta'iha Um of BdMtli 



UltcbaO'a Fran of AtHteflhum 
lUmjr^lSaCX SUM. 



In I (Bl). nr>l 4ta. with Ian* Gaalagiaal Hap, Vint, aatawai 
B«MlMi> w# naMrait riMW af Oitaale namtfatt 

THE OKOLQttY «(tlw SILURIAN 
«MIUW,a>lwlwCiiMtoiafai^»«ia»<W»hfc 

B| lopnicK iMnnr inrBiinaoN. nq. F.B.a. 
viwftM H wtataw U wi^^Mia n a M ?. 



N 



EW BOOKS PUBLISHED BY HB. 
aiumuff. ^ 

Tb* StMa bt Ita Ralationa wUk tht C^iunh. 
»!».»• 5|;*g^»*»W% 

II. 

CMTMfpondeaoa of the Ofaat Qutthan. 

Val.U.aM.IM; 

Vf ^4MiflMta lM« *alh 

UI. 

TU At* of DeaaMUaf . 

a* WlUiM Hmpi, mm. r J.H. 

K«aien>V.ii. 
ir. 

The lift of Lord Amen, 

n» OtawuMtUUac ariha QMa. 
ArMrMiaHfa^Att. f.Mk 
iW fcy ^atfclfc. Isakwaait. 

V. 

VnAcU** R«[gn of Taoar; 

na HaaMlM •• Uttort m rafMMj." 

w. 

Latten 00 Fananuj, 

A M« adUba, t f aU, pMt •*«. Sla. 
_ VII. 

Stomti flf the Patboloor atOa Htunni 

TUI, 

Biatory of England. 

• ar Um^I U tha Fraat ar AI«4a4nMM)la. 
ThtThMwaiHtValMM. afkUb. 

U. 

TW Pnvraaa and Pnaent Pudtlfln of 
KuuU io the Eaat. 

A mm moam, Ira. Mm.*. 
Jah* Mmjt AlbHButoBUaat. 



FNalhaFaMat 



APFBOTSD aCHOOL-BOOU. 

MBS. HARKHAM'S HISTORY of 
BHOLAMS. «kMUiUa,WaadaUi,traU. iima.U*. 

U. 

Hn. MaAhania Hiatary af Franoa. 
4»iiii i iat W i H i» m Taifc H wi iat. 

IIL 

Hn; MnkhMBi** HltioriM ofFdnid. ud 
Hra. Uaritham% Sannona for Children. 

F.«aplTa.it. 

V. 

Stcriaa ibr Chfldrai ftam the HliiOTT of 
AitfMd. 

VI. 

Ooapd Storiee for Children. 

A>«*adldM. IIM*. U.M, 
VII. 

Proiiitailfii flanaraphir 

■a »a Am^ a*" BtoalM fctOiniiW." 

Cb«i mHiim wlhaw and Art. 

tvau. ttaa. ft. U. pMt, ^ai^ 

Bvttel Jooml'iuiean a YUc lo 
herUnela. 

ai alMM, Ua*.7«> aA 
Ladr Callcott*B Hlatoiy of Spain. 

litOi Arthnr'a ^tory of BafliBd* 



Digitized by 



80 



13 Great Marl&omu$h Sinet, FO. 1> 1838. 

MR. COLBURN'S NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



L 

A UTE OF HIS GRA.CS, FIBUI MABBRAI. 

THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON. 

Embndnff hUHlBtUT.CariLndPoIttfeilCamr.totUm EaohDepHtmentofthaWdrirbjrWritminiitciOBVWHuit 

wMi itt wnnl Hiidi. 

THE WHOLK EDITKD AND RBVISED 
By CAPTAIN C. ROCUFORT SCOTT, Author of " Tmvelt In Egypt, Spiln," &c 
Hw VoA will be completed In Twdve HontUj Parte, at St. 6d. ndi, beeuUruUy embdlUud with Portialti, VIewi, Battle Settm, Ptani, H^. ftc. 

THE FIRST PART TO APPEAR ON THE 15th OP FEBRUARV. 

No period of modan HMary layi claim to aure abMwUiut InteraU. or U Mnceptltdeof richer lUuUration, than that of the cdebiated wan la which the great Captain of hli 
aMhaxbaiie with mch dtatlMuiabed hutie Aa the leader or armlet, the ebaiacter of the Duke of Wdllngton wat known to all the worid; iMthlidlipotlace). hbqualltietaa 
a mw.hU conduct aa a atateaman and a dlpIomatUt, remained yet to be portrayed. To tupply tUadarideratum li the object of the falograpby here announced, which, not csn- 
flntau Iti Kope to the dlaplay of that geiuaa which coocctTed and executed the plane that were crowned with lattlnf tuocen at Waterloo, and decided the future daalinlea of 
Eume, eBdeavoHn to brliu Into fuller view all the men itriUnc poinu of the chancier of the IndlTiduaL To treat with lucceee the.nuaieToui Important matten aaentlallv 
connaned with the atieec oTnch a man, required the comUned eflbrti of leverat wrlten ; of wrlten moet conTemnt wltti tboee bnnchei of the tubject. In ttmi to whidi, only 
acnmta and axteMhre knowledM could produce a wttalbctoty taault. Thit plan of co-opemtkn baa aeeotdiafiy been adopted, and tha enUn woek, thua IhUt ptmmnd, tnm 
endyitm ae TtaW ii trm imtti an m rii iiaTliMr hew pi l mlflnl In Ihn ji w l g mm t ani rerlthni ofaiBUtiaiyo«car,whoea c o nMrioB egtMhlipacca« to thaintniUhaiUiH— lha 

n. 

MEW WORK BY MRS. TROLLOPE, IN SHILLINO PARTS, FOR UNIVERSAL CIRCULATION. 
OttaitWFiaBi«yrtnt«p«MMMd.PrtLtd»to tetew^^ 

THB LIFE ANB ADVENTUBES OF 

mCHAEL ARMSTRONG, THE FACTORY BOY. 

By Un. TROLLOPE, AnthonM of " The Domattio Munen of tlia Aiwriwiw," *^ The Vkir of WmhUI,*' fte. 
Oidm ncrivtd by BoolwQar nd Nnnnndet Onoflimt ttM KlBfdo^ 

III. 

THE IDLER IN ITALY. 

BKIMO THK JOURITAL OP THE TBAVSU OP 

THE commas of biiTWHI wGroif . 

STali.8ra.«lihPartndtof tbeAnthOTjiftarLtiidMar. (Jort xewly.) 

THE ROMANCE OF THE HAREBL 

ByUISS FABIK>E, ADtharar(he*«CityorthaSiiltaD,» "TheBlnr»ddieI)flMrt,**fto. StoIi. (Nowmdy.) 

EXCURSIONS IN THE INTERIOR OF RUSSIA, 

Inob^ Sketdm of tha Chimoter wd Pdiey of tiw Emperor Nldid^ 

By ROBERT BREHNERfEit. S nb. 8nh with IBottntiooe. (Nowmdy.) 

HORACE VERNON; OK, LIFE IN THE WEST. 

Snb. (Nowmdy.) 

VII. 

OAFTAm BCABAYA'TS MEW WORK, 

THE PHANTOM SHIP, 

Is ooBtliiiMd In the Fcbmiry Natnber of Colborn^ New Uoodily Migeriiie end Htmiariiti** Edited by Theodm Hook, Eh. whidi aIso 
eontalutbe ATONBUKNT, by the Editor; tlie NIOHT MARCH, by tlu Old Foiwt Rangari udanriotyofoOierlBtenMiiwPApenby 

viir. 

THE YOUTH OF SHAKSPEARE. 

Bythe Anthorof'SbakipearBuidblsFrlflDdi." Svdi. (Jost ready.) 

HENRV COLBURN, PUBLISHER, 13 GREAT MARLBOROUGH STREET. 

ritattd JAHH MOTM. eT BnaketeM, HaMMmMk, la ife* Cmbh •rMM<U«M>,PtiMM, at hit rriaOat OBce, Nraker N CmiU ftHMI, telcartn ItaaBT*. la tk* Hid Cmbi* < ami 



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THE LITERARY GAZETTE; 

AND 



No. 1151. 



LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1839. 



r>icE 8d. 



SBVIBW OP IfBW BOOKS. { 
DiimrtmHm m SiOMelt ^ Stittut 9Oiuuet0d \ 

vriih Naiural Theologs *' <Ae eonehtding ■ 

VolutMt i^the New E^tion ^PaUfi Work. ' 

By Henry Lord Brougham, F.K.S., Ac. 

3 toIj. I2II10. Londoiifl830. KnightuidCo. 
LoBD Bbouohau U an extraordinary penon. 
WiUi ft miod of almoK oapanUdad oc^vity, 
wbat wan ■btrb Uwnn to other men Hem to 
be bat a m niementa to hbn^ and tlie tdla of 
^iloMpby only agreoaMe rdazatUni. Dr.. 
Mayo obmree,* 

" It ia often important, diat the Individual,, 
ahoold be fnmUhed with a ooUateral pnnoit ; | 
antUeet^indq^endentofhiicalUng. Andtbli 
oontlaeranon potnti to an adrantage of unpro> 
fewional education, often too little ooniidered. 
To bring up a young man exclusively to tlie 
pnnuiti which his active tendenciei point out 
aa appropriate, ii often to leave him wiUiout 
any reeonree against the terrible shocks to which 
his character exposes hhn. Bot the operations 
o( the intellact may be made available hare, pro- 
vided it be coltiTated in those ttudiee which are 
remedial to his peculiar failings. Thus a das- 
seal or sdentifio jparsuit Icept open in his closet, 
has often beguued the anxiously ambitious 
statesman out of the regrets, the despondandes, 
and the disappointment!} whidi his moral tern- 
perameat invdves.'* 

This strikes na to be aminanthr IllaBtrated by 
all Lord Bron^iam's varlons paukatioDs,»in 
Mtft tettrtty in criUcism, In severe sdence, and 
ia none more than the present production, a 
rery curious and interestmg inquiry into sub- 
jecta of extreme nicety and difficult investiga- 
tion. The fine bonnu which divide (If ^ey be 
divided) lasUnet firom Reason are examined in 
Uie Ant Tdtume; than whidbt one more pleas- 
ing and instructive it has seldom been our lot 
to peniu. 

Animal Instinct and Human Reason ! Sach 
Is the theae t bat with all his acuteness, with 
all his ablity, with all his powers, who Is it 
that discossss the question ? A man ! If 
liooa ware to paint homan beings. Van Am- 
boj;^ would lurt, perhaps, stmt his hoar npon 
thastagesadiahwoasnenowBhines forth in 
the jnunalism of the day. And this is worthy 
of naif. W« apply rtaion to the Investigation 
of tfuilfitff ; and nence a multitude of erron, 
misooocepUons, and false conclusions, are likely 
to retolt. It is like trying one language by 
another ; the drama bv geometry. Suppose 
animah wen ovabla of bringing their insunet 
to the oonrideratiMi of human intellect; there 
would probably be a very different vietv of the 
matter. Theeagle,dartiDghisg1ancefromnear 
the biasing sun over five hundred miles of the 
earth's snifaoe, would laugh to scorn the vision- 
ary visions of man^hls experiments oa h'ght, 
hie cribbed b^tonaphy, and Ua aerostattos. 
Tlio ralton or ue punter would uk, What 
does he know of the sense of tmell ; can he 
scent the carcass from afar, or can he track his 
food or his foe with unerring certainty through 
tbelntricate winding! of a twntedr^on? The 
poor Httle fly would deride hii highest micro. 
Bcople efforts : and, in short, the brutes would 

* la a IllUe volume Jut publbM.Maitled *• BIsncntt 
eritas PaUwkin ofths Hmaaa HlBd.* 



hold that, wiA the possession of Us senses In so 
imperfect and inferior a dograe, it were impos- 
sible that his reas4Miing facolties could carry 
him to any thing like the accurate knowledge 
which belonged to their more gifted natures. 
Providence endows no living creature with qua- 
lities which are not for necessary and useful 

tiurposea. Look, then, at the ^g, the grovel- 
ing and despised. We will not assert (as 
others have done as well as Hudibras) that it 
sees the wind ; but endeavour to impress on 
our readers an idea of what must be the great 
extent of its attributes,, of its occasions, and of 
its powers, from a reflection upon the extent of 
its vdoe. From the deepest base to the shrill- 
est treble In the diatonic scale, and far beyond 
any scale that ever music attempted to mea- 
sure, that animal, betwera the grunt and 
the squeal, mutt expreu a countless numlier 
of emotions or ideas. Else would not such 
compass have been given to it And yet Rea- 
son can form no estate of the Instinct thus 
indicated, no mora thau the instiiuit of the 
pig can infbrm It what nun haa learned, in ma- 
thematics or as t rmo m y. 

This may be somewhat of the aftturAim, 
but it does not affect the validity of our posi- 
tion, that Reason may not be the surest medium 
to apply to for the sake of understanding the 
stra^ phenomena and inexplicable wonders of 
Instinct. 

But we must not dwell on fsndes of our 

own, entecially when we have so captivating a 
task before as as that of exhibiting a few (and 
rq^retting that they must be so few) examples 
of Lord Brougham's work. 

It is iu the shape of a dialogue between his 
lordaldp and Lord Althorp ; and will, in this 
respect, remind cfausic scholars of one or more 
of the finest models of ancient literature. The 
first book sets out with flwts f we are not quite 
sure that they are all sufficiently authantic^ed) 
relating to Instinct ; and the second treau of 
consequent theories. The third rises higher 
into animal Intelligence (facts, as before) ; and 
the fourth theorises thereon. Motes on these 
dialogoea and on the ^wworm, and obawa- 
tione npon the edls of bees, conclnda this 
volume. Of Instinct, we are thus told : — 

A. You have been speaking of instincts in 
the plural ; of course you do not mean to be 
taken literally, as admitting more kinds of 
mental instinct than one. — B. Certainly not; 
any mive than when speaking of the mental 
iKiilties I admit ot more minds than one, or 
more parts tiian one of a single mind. Tliis 
last form of speech has l>een so used, or rather 
abused, especially by the philoftopbers of the 
Scottish school, accurate and strict as they for 
the most part are, that they seem to treat the 
mind aa divided into oompartments, and to re- 
present its faoulticfl aa so many members, like 
the parts of the body. But It is one thing or 
being perceiving, cmnparing, recollecting,— not 
a being of parts, whereof perception is one, 
reasoning anotlier, and recollection a third ; so 
instinct is one and indivisible, whatever we 
may bold it to be in its nature, or from what- 
ever origin we may derive it. This thing, or 
being, ui variously applied, and operatea va- 
riously. Then an not diffiBnat iostlmtij aa 



of building, of collecting food for fatnn worms, 
of emigrating to better dimatet ; but one in- 
stinct, which ia variously employed or directed. 
I agree with yon, however, that we have now 
done something more than menij clearing 
away the grwuid. We have taken a first step, 
or, if you will, laid a foundation. We have as- 
certained the pecnUar or distinctive quality 
of instinct, and that whidi distinguishes it from 
reason. It acts withoat teaching, either from 
others, that is, iaatmetion, or from the animal 
itself, that is, experience. This is generally 
given as the definition or description of instinct. 
But we have added another peculiarity, which 
seems also a necesury part of the descriptim ; 
it acts withoat knowledge of consequences ; it 
acts blindly, and accomplishes a purpose of 
which the animal is ignorant." 

Such are Lord Brougham's bfoad opinions ; 
and though we pause and doubt^ we cannot en- 
ter into a controversy &l>out any of these argu- 
ments. For instance. Whether instinct does or 
does not act without teaching either from 
otliers ; that is, Instruction, or from the animal 
itsdf, that Is, experience. To be sure, if you 
go furtiier, you adi it something more than 
instinct; and something more tiian instinct 
can be but little less thau reason, if it be not 
identical. Agdn, can what we choose to deno- 
minate Instinct be cultivated P We do not 
doubt it for a moment. All domesticated ani- 
mals prove IL The assodatitm with man oni- 
verts instinct into something so nearly resem- 
bling reason, that we can call it simple, natural, 
common instinct, no longer. There is memory 

^re are ima^oation and dreaming — there 

are adaptations of means to ends, which, when 
compared with the acu of the same ^edea in 
wild and (if we may use the word) uncivilised 
conditions, shew such an advance both in instruc- 
tion and experience, that It is very difficult to 
believe all to be one and the same instinct. 

These, however, are very'deniltory thoughu 
(as, indeed, this notice most, with oar limits, of 
necessity be) ; and, to varv It, we will extract 
a spedmen of the political hamoors with which 
the author has thought fit to enliven his inquiry. 

" B. Beginuing with laying awde theee ac- 
tions of animals whldi are dther ambiguous or 
are referable properly to reason, and which, 
almost ail philosophers allow, shew a glimmer- 
ing of reaaon ; and confining ourselves to what 
are purely instinctive, as the bee forming a 
hexicon, without knowing what it is, or why 
^ mms it ; my proof of uiis, not being reason, 
but something eu^ and something not only 
differing from reason in d^ree, but in kind, 
is from a comparison of the facts, an examina- 
tion of the phenomena in each ca s e in a word, 
from induction. I perceive a certain thing done 
by this insect, without any lulnictlon, which 
we could not do wllhonl much instmetion. I 
see her i^Mrfcing most accantely without any 
ezperieaGe, in that which we could only be able 
to do by the expertiiess gathered from much 
experience. I see her doing certain things 
which are manifestiy to produce an effect sbe 
can know nothing aliout ; for example, making 
a cdl, and ftamishlng It with carpeta and with 
liquid, fit to hold and to cherish aafdy a tender 
grub, she never haviMf ■ten an grub, and 
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knowing nothing, of ooane, aboat grub*, or 
that any grub ia ever to come, or that any such 

me peAapt, any nae at all— ii ever to be 

made of the work she U abeuC lodead, I lee 
aDQthar tuttt, Uw i^taf; w»ip» bring a given 
nnmbar of mullgndia, and dapoalt them in a 
bole wkioh aba im nuda, ovfr bar m.juat 
gnibt «nongh to nwotaiu the wwm uat egg 
wIU produee srhan batched { and yvt lU« waap 
nerer law an Bgg produce a worm, nor erer 
■aw a worm.— nay, l« to be dead long before the 
worm can be In existenoe ; and, moreover, she 
never hat in any way taited or lued tbete 
grubs, or used tlio Itole she made^ except for 
the protective benefit of the unknown wonn 
ih« is never to see. In all these cases, then, 
the luUmal works positively withoat knowledge, 
and in the dark. She also works withoat de< 
signing any ^ing ; and yet she works to a cer- 
tain de£ned and important purpose- Lastly, 
she works to • perfeOion in her way ; and yet 
she woriu withontany teaidifaw or ai^erfeiKie. 
IIowj in an this ah* differs enurdy fnnn nan, 
wbo only works weO, pertmpa at all, after btdng 
taught— who woriu witb knowledge of what 
he IS about — and who works, intending and 
meaning, and, in a word, designing to do what 
he aoeom^ishes. To all which may be added, 
thoogh It is rather, perhaps, the eosMoiuDce 
of thu difforence, tban a separate and auMtaiu 
tive head at diversity, the animal vrtalu always 
unifotmlv and allk^ and all lus kind work 
alike; whereas no two men work alike, nor 
any man always, nay, any two times, alike. 
Of all this I cannot, indeed, ba quite certain, 
as I am of what passes within my own mind, 
betmise it is barely possible that the inseot may 
have some plan or noUon in her head implanted 
M the intelligent faculties are ; all I know is 
the extreme Improbability of it being so ; and 
that I see foots, as her necessary ignorance or< 
the existence and nature of her worm, and her 
working without experioace ; and I know that, 
, if I did the same things, -I should be acting 
without having l ea m ad malhenatlea, andihould 
be planniiig in ignocanoe of unborn isane ; and 
I therefore draw my inflBreace aceordlnfj^yaa to 
her proceedings^^* CtHne, come, Mastw B., 
I begin to surround you, and drive you ftom 
your original poution, maintained both now 
and last summer, about the impossibility of de- 
fining. Have you natt as nearly aa possible, 
beMfunUahingadeSnltionr AtMaBt,aNnot 
the materiab of definition brooght together 
wbidi you depracated, and would have xm re- 
serve to the lastP--A. Patienoe, good man, 
patience ! What is this to what you have jpme 
through? Fancy younalf once more in the 
House of ComnwM% on the Tceasury bench, 
listening to . . ■ -^-A. Qod forbid!— 
B, Ormippose yourself again iuDownlngStreet, 
with Drummond annoimcing a succession of 

seven deputations, or of seventeen suitors 

A. The bare possibility of U drives me wild. 
Why, to oonvert you to the most absurd doc- 
trine I could fiutey, to make you swallow all 
the Zoonomia whole, and believe that men de- 
rive their love of waving lines and admiration 
of finely moulded forms ftwn the ludiic of the 
infant lu handling his mottw's bosom, or even 
to drive you into a belief that tha^world was.' 
nuide by diaoce, would ba an easy task, com- 
pared to the persuading anv one suitor, at any 
one of tlie offices, that you nad any difficulty in 
giving him all be asksj or convincing any one 
of thme seven depnutioos that there exisu in 
the world another body but itsdfMB. Or to con- 
vince any one man, who ever asked any one. 
job to be done for him, that be had any en» 
motiye Jo hie min^ but As fObUo gooo* <to 



which be was lacrifidng bis private interest. 
I remember M. once drolly observing, when I 
•aid no man enild tellbow base men are till he 
oameinto-offioe, *iQn tbeamtrary, I never be> 
fore bad aoob an c^nion of human virtue; for 
I now find tiiat no man ever drops the leaat hint 
<^ any aotira but dislntewatedoass anfi aeir.^ 
nial ; and all Idea of gain or advantage li the 
only thing tiiat none seem erer to dream of.-* 
But now eompose y ums e lf to padenoe and dis- 
cussion, lake an extra plndb of snuff, walk 
about for five minutes, a distanoa of five yards 
and badi, with your hands in year brewfltea 
pockets, and tlun returu to the qnesdon wllh 
the same calmness wiA whidi you would lave 
listened to a man abating yon by the hoar in 
parliament, or Witli whidi ym bwked an boor 
ago, in the Castle farm, at tite beaat yon bad 
bred, and whieb by your eom^aoent 'Aspect I 
saw you had sold pratty weU."- 
Or the FaeUy too, ire wiU quote an examine : 
**J9. KathefonMorVamryandofSooth 
America, wbert the wM horaa is gregarious, 
thwe are herds of 6M or SOO, whidb, belt^ fll 
prepared for fighting, or indeed for my restot- 
ancB, and Imowing ^t Aeir safotyHsin flight, 
vhta they sleep, u>pmnt one in rotation who 
acta as aeatinel, wblla the rest are ade^. If 
a man a^raadwa, dw aanilBd wdki towaida 
bim asirtotaeoBiiuiAti* oraaawbettar heinay 
be deterred tmm coming near — if die man 
continnes, he neighs aloBd and in a peoultar 
tone, whidi ronses the herd, and all gallop 
away, the sentinel bringing up die rear. Mo- 
thing ean be mora judioioua or rational dian 
this arrangement, single as It Is. fio a borse, 
bdonging to a smng^r at Dover, used to be 
laden with run spirits and sent on die road 
unattended to rsadi the Tendesrons. When 
he descried a soldier be would jump off die 
highway and hide himsdf in a diteb, and when 
discovend would fight for his load. The con- 
ning of foxes is proverbial ; but I know not if 
it was ever mora remarkrtJy dlspl^r^ than 
in the Duke of Beaufort's country; where 
Reynard, being hard pressed, disappeared sud- 
denly, and was, after strict sa a re h , found hn- 
marsed in a water-pool up to the very anovt, 
by which be held a wlUow-bou^ bangnig over 
the pond. The canning of a dog, which Ser- 
jeant Wllde tells me of, as known to Um, is 
atleastequaL He used te be tied up ae a pre- 
caoiion against hunting idieep. At night he 
slipped htt bead out of the etAlar, and re- 
turning before dawn put en -die eollar agAi, 
in order to conceal us nodnmal exonnion. 
Nobody has more fa^arity with various 
animab fbeaides his great knowledge of Ui 
own speaaa) dun wa^ exoellent, lewned, and 
ingoniims friend, die Serjeant ; said he pos- 
eeues many imrious ones himsdf. 19is anec- 
dote of a drover's dog Is striking, as he gave h 
me, when we hi^pened, near diis place, to 
meet a drove. The man bad brooght 17 oot 
of 20 axai from a field, leaving the remaining 
three there mixed wi A another herd. He then 
said to the dog * Oo, fetch diem ; ' and he 
went and singled out thoae very dtrae. The 
Serjeant*! brother, however, a hl^^y respect, 
able man, latdy dieriff of London, has a dog 
that dittinguidies Saturday nigfat, from the 
practice (tf tying him up for the Sunday, which 
he didikes. He will eacape on Saturday nigfat 
and return on Monday morning. The Serjeant 
hlmsrif had a gander which was at a dimaca 
from the goose, and bearii^ her make an ax. 
traordlnary ntrise, ran back and put bis head 
into the cage then brooght back die goB> 
lings, WM by oo^ and put them Into it widi 
the audwr, iriioaa miaratlon firam bar Inood' 



bad occasioned her clamour. He then returned 
to the place whence her cries had called him. 
* * ■ ^. The <I«tSertaa]ciatinot'inention 
a oat which bad been to the West Indies, and 
on the diip returning to the port of London, 
she found hut way throng^ the city to Bromp- 
ton, whenoa aha had been hnia#t — B. That 
is a worit I hare often widiad to see, and never 
beenaUetoget. Dr. flanootfc quotes ft for one 
of the most remarkaUe ptooh sagacity and 
reeosroe In the goat, and this operadon has 
been, H seems, Hbserved more tban once. When 
two goals aneac on a ledge herderin g upon a 
preci^ea, and find tbera k no roam«ItBer ttf 
pass eadi«dler or to return; after a pease, as 
if fat refieollon, one oroacbes down and the 
ether waiHm gendy over Ms tadc, when each 
oondnnea Ua perilotiB jounwy^M^ (ba Aarmw 
path." 

Ret u n rfB gooce more to the noie saa on dal 
matter contained in the volume ttefbre us, wo 
mtNt, tor Ike piwt at leaat, eonclade, with 
one of ^ba moat eoDprabendve passages wa 
«Bapii3k out as a general ipedmen of the Dit- 
stfrtabon. 

B. First (rf* siH, be pleased to (Aserve 4at 
many phSoaoiAers adtcgether deny, even to 
man, the power of fonnir^ abstract Ideas. The 
dlmota oF the NomioaKsu and Reafiata, ao 
wdl ridleoM by Swtft, er tadur by Arfcnth. 
not hi * SoriUenis,* is as <M aa netifliyriflBl 
inqoiries, under one name or apcKhar. - ^Riey 
consider ft Impossible for us redly to form 
diese riMtraetions, and held that we only are 
using words and not dealing widi Meas, lost 
as you seem to think we do in ^gebraioal tan- 
guage. Mr. Stew a rt ie among diose who oon- 
oeive that we tlrMk in hngraige. Hy opinion, 
if against anch venerable au^oritv I may ven- 
ture to htdd one, la Afferent. I thiidc we have 
ideas independoit of lang uag e, and I do not 
see bow otherwise a penon bom deaf, and 
dumb, and blind, can have ideas ict all ; wbidi 
I know tiwy have, beeaoae I carefoBy ex- 
andnad the one of whom ISr. Stewart has 
^aan ao interesting an acpoo ii t. Indeed, he 
has recorded the experiment of the nmrical 



snnffJmx, wtddi I tnen made upon diis un- 
h^ipy but singolar boy. But, next, I am to 
shew you that abttraetion independent of sdge- 
bra^ or uMtspbyrical reasoni ng shugetber, is 
nddiar tfflkidtnorpainfUt. WIdunit abatrac 
tion wo eannot Abaaify in any way, or -make 
any appsnadi totdaarifioaiiaB. Now, I ventuiv 
to say, that uo hnaaan bal w g, be he ever ao 
st^d, is wHlRMit some power of dairiflcation, 
nay, ^at he is oonttastly eurdslng ft with 
grant care, and idmost nnavtrfdaUy, and acting 
upon the inferences to wbidi ft mds. Heoan 
tdl a man ftam a bene. Hcnr F Br attend, 
ingio dieee things hi wUch they Anr. Bnt 
he can«bo tsll a stone tmm both, and be 
knows that die stone is tfihi en t trim both. 
Hoar p ttf attending to those dilngs In which 
die two aiMiDBls agree, and to those things in 
irtiieh they differ from the stone. So every 
penon, hmiw acoorate ey«s and the use of 
apeaeb, ean cw a Aeet of pqier and a patrfi of 
snow both white; a piece of hot iron and of 
hot brick both hot. He has, dierefore, the 
idea fn his mind of eelonr and of heat in these 
asveral caaea, iadependent of other qnalities, 
that Is, abstracted ftam odier qnalltfes ; he 
cdaaalfies die white bodies tocher tndeMUilent 
of their diffsranaea ; the hot hodiea Independ- 
ent of dirira ; and he oontrasta the white 
metal with the white snow, because tbey dHhr 
in temperature, widiout regaining their agree* 
iag toMbar in oolear. AU thfa b ahabaelion, 
andnUthia liqnHalaviri M^iheaDaaMtta^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



as 



city of HUB. But U it oot bIw level to Urate 
intalhct 1 Vnqacttiaaably all uunak know 
tbetr nwtct and their own kind. A dog 
luum Us matter, knowi that he ii ost k dog, 
and that ha diffan from other man. In thiM 
rmj ordinary opanukau, wa Mt tha animal 
niM at iw Um faniiu ow evtdn iwa- 
btancai aad fixiiif an dwwancan at anoihar 
tlnw dtoygdlng difawpcai and ixiag only 
an reHmUancaa- Nay, go lowar in tba aaat». 
A bull H enraged by a r«d ookxir, be the fwra 
«fthebo^wiuU yttipkaaak Afiahiacanght 

nmn of a Ufhti mk dny^v 
ran. • • 4 

^ I think w BMy go a Mlp fiuAar; 
bare not aniaaala laaaa kind of htngnamf* 
At all oranta Aay undaruand ovra. A hone 
kaam tha eBaDoraging or flhldiBg Hand of 
Toka and whips wd BMiraa or alflpi aeaaNtoa^. 
Wboavar mm tha aoundj and in whatarar iiy 
ar loudnew, the horao aau alika. But they 
aaen alao to haia aaaM knowladge of ooafaa. 
tiaaal dgna. Ifint to taiAadog or a pig 
tadeeartaia thlagl on a ^nn ilgaal, tba fvo- 
•eMlt^0be^ Iaono«cthiaobedlaaee 
vith ravard, hie diart>edieaoa*ith paabhtnODt 
But tUa only ^vaa hiaa tha tnvtiae to olMy, ^ 

iHtr of diNhayiiw I* i^ ^7 I*** him 
thaaMaaiof BoaaMliag tte ast with tha i^. 
Ntwr, ognaaotfag tiia two toatihtr, whaia» at he 
tha Bunnar in which tha ma la made, i» ah* 
atraetiaa; batitii bmm^ It fa the varv kind itf 
«bstfaation io wUok all laagnup haa tta iv%ln 
—tba caanaodag tha aigo mth tba tUag aif^i. 
fiadf far the a&B i« poraly aAitravyla dda 
aaae aa ntoeh aiXn haaMui langaaga.— 11. Hay 
va aat add that they bava aaiDa awvtaslaqal 
aigaaamang titewalvaa? Uov aba an Ha to 
explain thweailt ? The oook gnus cdla tha 
hen { the male the famale of away aahnah. 
Tha p^aaa^aad the field&ra, and Aaowir, audte 
algnab i and tb* wild hone is a dear ease of 
aignala. All this l»Uea not only ahi^a< 
t^ but that very fc&d of abstnwtioa nUdi 
girca UB oar laagnaga. It is, la Cut, a lan- 
gaage which diey paassMj thoa^ aim pie and 
Ua^Md ia iu raage.— Aa to the pawar of 
flaaiparing, what la oonaaooJy oallad Maaon, 
par •MtUfUMf comprising jadgasant and raa> 
soolnc, this needs not detain tu rtiry hmg. The 
Cscts hare are not well liable to dispute. There 
ia BO poarihilityflf anbdolBf the manyaaaai 
whlflh we bigan by gdog over withoai aUow. 
lag dda power. They au peowa it in aoow da- 
giaob Saearal sf than thaw It «a edat la a 
very anaaldaraWa d^gMO. Th0 acta of anae 
birds aad a wakgyt flaanol be aeeonntad fat by 
instinott far they arethereaakof eaparkaaa; 
and they aia peffaitnad with a perfaot know* 
ledge of Aa ead In view i they ace dlieatad pa- 
anuaiiy to that aadi they vary aeaarding as 
Uie ctremastaneas In which they are perftrawd 
^ter, and the alteratfoa made la alwi^ ao eoa< 
trired as to mill the varbttfrni fa lha elMam. 
ataaoaa. Soma of these aeta shew more saga- 
city, Boeording to Mr. Leake's ohaerratiaa, 
thaa ia p nsi as esd by many man. Theexbteaoe 
araeoanariagaad oontrlving power 1^ tbeia- 
fiire, plain aneugfa. Aad, on tiie whole, I oon- 
eeira that a latioaal aMad eannot be denied to 
the anieials, iMiwaw lafMor in dopee tlwir 
Cacnltits may be to oarawa. * • • 

The whole qoesUnn Is one of rsiMtnns and 
eonanieos. Adq>tatioD— adjostmanl — mn- 
tnal depeadenea of parts — eonformity of ar. 
raag«meat_ balanea — aiid oompenrntlon — 
every whaee appear pamdlBg (lie whcde sya. 
tern, aad eoaapieaoiM In all iu parte. It mg- 
■Uea aat Iu this wtmw whethae wa r^prd in. 
~* Ve M iHiif ie mWiarjmmtrtti*-^lM& 



stinot as the result of the animal's fiKnhies 
actuated by the impressions of his senses, or as 

SB fslat gUaananngs of intelligaaoa working 
' the same rules which guide the operatioas 
mere devrioped leseoB, or ea a peculiar fa. 
eulty difisring in kind item those with wUofa 
■aaia aadowad, or as Ae immediate and direct 
oper ation of the OraatMind which created and 
wU^ opfaolda dm untrwse. If the last be 
indeed the trae theory, then we have additfeaal 
■aaaim for devoady adadrlag the tpeetade 
whieh Ihia dspartauDt of the creation boorly 
otfers to the eoatampktifa miod. Bat the 
auaa esacinaiea of a peasaat aad perradlaa in- 
tettgeoos flows from all the ether dootrhiea, 
and eqnal^ flowa fram them alL If the eaneet 
•0 novo the animal^ mind as to prednee the 
perfact resoh which wa wit&sss, thoee leases 
hare been framed, aad that mind has been oon. 
atilated, la stziat harmony with each other, 
and their ooadiiaed and mataal actioa lias been 
adjtttted to Urn ngokr perfaraianee of the 
work spread ont bebra ear eyea, ibm tnt>feet of 
jast wonder. If it is reeeea like oar own 
whidi Btoree the animal meAanttm, Ita oiodl. 
Beathm to anlt that pkyaieal atroelure and to 
work thoee aCioti wiuah wa are anable to ac- 
ooaapliah, ce mwands again ear humble adadia. 
Uea, while Ae aitd l e mi e af ^ waikmanibip 
p e rftBin e d by ea mean an agent impresses us 
wkh fdeea yet mm awfbl «f Aa Being wfao 
farmed aad wlw tan^ It. If to Ae botfly 
stmcttii* of these eeeatorea Aera has been 
gireo a mind wkotty dlArent ftom oor own, 
yet it has been moal nicely adapted to Its ma. 
Serial abode, and to the oorpoeeal tools where- 
with it walks I ea that wkile a new nrlety 
atrlkea as in the infinite l ese ut eea of oreatifa 
skill, oor adadratian Is still raised aa.befare by 
the manifestation of cootrivance and of ex> 
per taem which every where speaks the govern, 
ing power, the directing skill, the pkstic band. 
Nor Is there opan any of theee hypothaess room I 
for doobtiag the idsnthy of the Oreat Ardfieer 
of aatuM. Tha aama peeoHarl^ esary iHwre 
is seea to awik the mob wMfcmaaehip. All 
ecmea from a sopreme InteWgaooe ; that intel- 
ligeaoe, thei^ nudoody diversified, pree cr ree 
iu charaeleristle features, and ever diinea 
another end the sane.'* 



^^MMt0r*e ^aeaiafeae fa Jfasffai we* 
[SsseaiaoUsai] 
Taia wotk 1^ be In tha hand of the majority 
of leadanduoa^KiBttheanviro, aad, aot Im. 
psobaUy, thffDOi^ont Europe eke. We have 
uadoobtedly eome, aad vary sao^eat, aoooonta 
of PaterriNng already, but Ae obaervatloBa of 
Ut. Brmaner are in dieouelves so Interesting, 
aad in ganetal ea aoomate, while the Infaorm- 
ation theyeaavey Ie naea mltfeeta ao faapdrt* 
aat la the prmenl and miata poildQa of Bag. 
bmd, diet the slig^teet details of his bode 
will ba pernaed with avidly. The personal 
dtarmoter of the Emperor Nkholss haa never 
before been so fnlly laid open to the public, 
and the elaborate views of the Rosslan army 
■ad nuyp^poina of such vtvid laqniry at 
Aa HMmeat— are given widi a eompalouB 
care and ftilnesi of detail, to whfdi we ere 
sarprised to think any stranger, bewarar acuta 
end laboloos, oeold have arrived In so ehert a 
time. 

Wedonol IntetnMddlewith polltiee certainly; 
but while sack matters are on the tai^i, we 
ate indooed to subsmbe our ^oota of inform- 
ation in the shape of eatraeta. 

W« mart MMrisB, howeveri Aat the short 
Mftedflf Mr.Bnmnar'iiMf ia Bumia^aBd the 
m knl t j of fBwuriig Im i Wg w rii ntoa mim 



matters, upon which be himsslf so strongly n- 
marks, seem to have led bim at times into 
ecm, especially ia Us pdldoal views. 

Asiam and its tea preduee hara reoently 
eoovied Ae public attMtlsa. In Rassia they 
aee enpHsd wHh an admhahle article. 

** Tin Russians are the mast Inveterate tea- 
ddnkers oot of CUnai and wlA sad exoeHeat 
tea aa they have, du passion Is eulte excusable. 
Tea ht Rossla aad tea in Bugland are as 
dlffscaot as peppenBiBt.water and senna. 
WlA ns it is a dall, fbvoariaia dose; In 
Rosita it b a ftiA, Inrigormhig drawht. 
1%ey aeooont far Ae diflheeaee by Btadag Aat, 
as the eeaialr injoree tea, we get only Ae 
leaves, but none of the areata ef the plant, 
whloh left Canton ; while they, on the other 
hand, Moaiving all tbrir tea evwJand, have it 
just as good as when it left tbe eelestlal empire. 
Be dM canee what tt may, there osn be no 
doubt ef the fact, that tea in Raitia is Infinitely 
superior to any ever foaad fa other pans of 
Burepa. BugUshmea aee taken 1^ surprise 
on tasting it I even those who never oared for 
tea before, drink «a during the whole of their 
stay in Russia. Idke every thing else here, 
however, it is very ezpeadve : the deepest we 
saw even at MiAnei-Novgored, wblA is the 
greateetmartiatheaaiplre, caetflmm II to 12 
reoMes (eboot MAfllfaigs)apoand) andirfien 
a bewded Rosdaa areata to give a feast, he 
will pay as high as M rouUea {V.\ for a pound 
of some high-flSTOared kind of bohea. The 
diflbrence be t ween Aese and Bi^lA prlcea, 
arisH from the same cause aa the diffnenoe in 
the quaUty^the long lend^erriege, which is 
ledloos and very expensive, throngk regions 
where Aere an ndAer roads nor reenng-puees. 
It ehduld be stated, howevw, that, in travelling 
especially, ne priee will be Aonght too high for 
this, the only oomfbrt of the wanderer in 
Russia. It banishes many a headaoh, and 
cheers under all the annojaneee of a country 
which, by aniversel eoneent^ Is the moet trouble- 
some andfhtignlngtotiavd In Aat can be visited. 
Tea may always be had at the inne in lerge 
towns, but being too dear m ardde ter esost of 
the oonatrv postJtoaees, every body Aould 
carry a stocK for himself: weonoepaid 6s. M. 
for Ae tea necessary to make breekfast tot 
fanrt bat such a Ae^ Is retv. The Rnielan 
sddon sets wlA his tea; be never adds oream 
to It like Ae EegUAt nor deaa ba dtsgnst 
peoide by meking tea-drinkJiw an cicnee for 
tippling, like the Germans, who half fill their 
OOP wlA branfy iriMU dtey cwi get it. Hm 
oply Alng Ae Hosoovlta mhi^ee wlA Us tea 
is sugar, and eooMtimee a Aia dlea of Ibokm ; 
end Aeee being duly added, he elpB Ae brawn 
draught, not from a eap, bat fram a oammoa 
drinklngH^Bss, slowly and sarkmsly, wiA all 
Ae eolSmity ofa llbedon.*' 

Of AeBaiperorthe aeooont Ie weUwarAy of 
attention, llr. B. says 

" Before proceeding to state eome fact! Ilhu- 
tradve of Ae chamotar and policy of tbe 
Emperor Weholas, It is bat fair to ooaftss Aat, 
lilte moet of our eoDntryroen, we repaired to 
his dendideaa iriA strong prejndkat agalnac 
him. AH Ae accounts of Me character earreot 
in other parts of Europe^ M M universally an- 
(hvoarable, that we regarded bim as a crad, 
relentless tyrant, wHh fcw redeeming qnalitlee 
of any kind | and Ais, prAably, is Ae idea 
entertdned of Mm by niM^.Jilnaoot irf every 
hundred fordgners who evar heard Ue asase. 
TruA, however, compds as to avow that we 
foond reeaoQ to modify our opnlons eeooerning 



84< 



ha U « tyrant from clrcumiUncet more than 
from diapwtion. He i> the ilere of a vicioui 
■yiteni— tied to a course from whidi, m yet, he 
hai Dot been able to break loou. The worst 
exoeuet he hai been guilty of ariie from an 
tingovemable temper, wbioh, hy nature suffi- 
dently itrong, has been further streugtliened 
to such a degree by the long exercise of un- 
checked, uncontrolled authority, that now it 
often buriu out in the most fatal ebollitions. 
Hia deCtnden Mant, however, that when the 
pawing madnaM hat snbddad, he ia the first to 
r^ret, and, if ponible, to atone for what has 
been done. Tim will not allowthat the stem, 
we might say the cruel system of discipline, 
which prevails in the fleet and the army, and 
•xtenda to officers as well as privates, can with 
justice be attribntai to him i for it ia not bit 
creating, bat hu Iwen handed down from the 
time when Russian officert were really as 
barbaroutaaRustian privates; andheoontinuei 
it, because, from his milituy education, he 
believes it to be the best. In fine, those who 
know him moat lutimatdv aaaert, that, how- 
ever vioiant he nay he nnder the fits of pasdoh 
alluded to, ha la not tyrandoal on system, or 
from innate fierceuess of disposition. * * 

" M^t is aimed at in these pages, is 
•imply to coomiunicate a few facts illnstrattve 
of the character of ibti man on whom the eyes 
of all Europe are at this moment fixed, — on 
whom the peace and welfare of the world are 
more dependant than they ever brfore were on a 
aingle Intivldual, at any period in the long 
history of human society. The Emperor of 
Russia has but to say the word, and the flames 
of war shall bum more universally than they 
have ever done even In our warlike day-Jn 
Europe, In Asia, in America— wberevQT there 
it a right to acquira, or a heart to defnid. In 
all paru of the earth, the elemonti ot discord 
are lying prefwed^ with a proftition only too 
unsparing and toeominout; nothing it wanting 
but the rockiest bknd to place the torcli to the 
pile, and in one short mouth the blue shall be 
as wide and as fierce as the ttOmt enemy <^ 
our race could desire. m m m 

" There It nothing uiber in the attainmenu 
or measuiM of the txar, to justify hit admirers 
Id holding him np at a man of eztrsordloary, 
nay, afaoott superhuman talent. That be 
potieitai rettlett activity of mind and body— 
and in a degree which in a monardi may be 
not unnatunlly mistaken for genial — no one ! 
will dMiyi but we have never discovered In, 
Um any other qiiallto that mtitle him to be 
oontidered at much above the ordinary average 
frf human diaracter, and oerHdaly none that 
can entitle him to be pronoonecd, as ha has 
sometimes been, the greatest genius, the master 
spirit, of our age. His most prominent qua- 
lities, we should uy, are decision and firmness; 
quidineu In devising expedienU to meet the 
uiiroreteen ameqiMioiei of tba moment, and 
tteailtneu hi enfbrdng then. . Next to these 
ii the exceas of his paaslDQ for redttdng every 
thing to military unifonnity. This pn^antlty 
degenerates almost to a weakness : it is his 
great idm to give the whole empire the appear- 
anoe of an eneampment. This pastion it so 
wall known, Aat the vary children in the 
ttraete are made to aflect the air military, 
ittfiitting about in a white cap with red band, 
d r«mprmir. On entering a school, the boys 
and girts rise in files, to salute ynu after the 
military fashion, and march out as if wbeeliug < 
to_ the sound of fife and drum. In the very 
prisons a dash of the corporal's discipline i> 
visible ; and, even in the hospitals, you would 
•ay the old ouran ape the imperial guard. 



The emp«ror*a private babita and general ttyle 
of living are extrondy simple ; and delist 
which he takes in the' society of bis diiUiaa la 
boundless. Those who have seen Uia imporial 
family in their private momenta, when free 
from the constraint of pomp and ceremony to 
which princes are slaves before the world, 
speak of them in terms of rapture. An Eng- 
lUh gentleman who was honoured with many 
opportonitiei of entning the august arde, says, 
that more harness, num affaotiODj mora aim- 1 
^leity, it wwild be irapomlUe to conceive. 
The unconstrained and Innocent amusemenu 
of their evenings, contrasted delightfully with 
the notions usuaUy^rmed of imperial family 
•cenes. In short, from M that he beheld, it 
appeared that a kinder husband as a better fa- 
ther than Nicholas does not exist. The em- 
peror, too quick not to ptroatvs what waa 
passing in the mind of bis goett as he mused 
on the scene before him, said one evening, 
stamping his foot and grinding his teeth, as 
the unpleasant thought rose to hia mind, ' I 
know Uiat I am unpopular in En^and. They 
hate me, becaoaa they think ma a ^lant; bat 
if they knew me, Aey would not call na so. 
They should sea me in the boeom ot my ia. 
mily !* The way in whidi the impoial fionily 
lire at some of the country palaces, It alto ex- 
tremelv unottentatlout ; at may appear from 
the fdlowing anecdote : — A itranger, who waa 
rambling on the ahorea of the bay near Pe- 
terhof, entered the groundt of what he took to 
be the villa of soma noUaman employed in the 
ntighbouring palace. Meeting with no ob- 
struetian In the baatitiftil walu, he ex^ored 
them in every diraetion, and waa at last pro- 
ceeding to get round to the other tide of the 
mansion, to a position where be expected to 
enjoy an extoisive sea-view. In order to effea 
his al{jeot,It«aa neoaanry to eone nearer the 
wlndowa dian he had intended. At me of 
them, whidt was <^mi, with a rich flower-plot 
before it, tat • lady dressed In the simpleit 
white, and holding in her hand a book, which 
fortunately engrossed her attention so deeply, 
that be wat aue to withdraw without disturb- 
ing her. Until he came on the aeutloel, whom 
ha bad not previously seen, he never aoapected 
that the lady on whom he had been allowed to 
intrude, and whom he had aeen surrounded 
with at little pomp as a private gentlewoman, 
was none else than tba empress henelf. In 
person the emperor it tall and well made. Few 
man of hia hdght (six feet two inches) dlspUy 
such grace and freedom of carriage. In fact, 
his appearance Is ao K^eciOT, that many have 
bestowed upon Um the wide and not easily 
ditputed compliment of bebg * the handaomett 
man in Europe.' Being one of the best horse- 
men of tba time, he is never seen to more ad- 
vantage than when mounted on hia favourite 
iteed. Aoeustomed to oomEiand, and to see 
hia commands ob^cd with cronehtaig lubmia- 
ston, he haa acquind the tlr and mien of ma- 
jesty mwe oomjdetely than any aoverdgn of the 

rBis eye hat a singular power i itt fierce 
^ ice can awe the turbulent, and, it It laid, 
has disarmed the assassin. His manners, how- 
ever, are far from those of the despot; nothing 
can be more winning than his attentimu, where 
he wishes to please. No man ever seemed tO' 
posteu more strongly the power of removing, 
from those who have access to him, the pre- 
judices which may have been prevlouily enter- 
tained against him. The Russiaui, it is said, 
see little of his fascinating powers; towards 
tbem he dare not be bmiliar without exciting 
jealootiea which would he fatal to the empire. 
It li on Mcaogen, paidog Tiiitors, that lia 



lavishes hb amiability, for with them it eao be 
done without danger, andheiatooanxloulo 
Btand wdl with the reat of Bnnpe to aUow a 
forrigner to leave him under an unfavouraUa 
impression. Never was even imperial flattery 
mora snoeestfol in attaining its sim i the rap. 
tnres with which his condesoension, his franlt- 
neet, his courtesy, are apoken of by all who 
oome near him, would indteata that It la net 
merely the e m peror but die man who til- 
nmpha. • • • 

" With the common eoldlen be It hl|^y 
popular ; bnt it it, above all, among tlie mooxik$t 
the good -hearted fellowa with the beards and 
sheepskins ; in other words, it ia by the great 
body of the people diat he is most beloved. 
He never qtpoua In public without being 
gr eeted by nptaroiu wdeoma aa aoon at he la 
iieoovered: until our own fair queen aaoasded 
the throne, there was no sovereign in Europe 
whose appearance was hailed with auoh joy by 
the pecwe. Individual cases of oppretaion are 
overloiwed in hit general kindneas. His anx. 
iety to find out, and gaoenMity in rewarding, 
humble merit, go far mreoonclung thB poor to 
his poliUcal msatures. He Is ana kind and 
lamlliar with them on all ptriiUe oecaatmu : at 
the great tnmmer/Eir of Peterhof, where thou- 
tandt irf' the ^wpim are attembled, be danoet 
and capers amongst tbem, at merry and free at 
any gtMit of them all. • « • 

"Hia health ia of the moat robust kind; 
being, doubtlesa, i^reatly aided by the activity 
of hia hatdtt. Ha thinka nothing of aoeom- 
idishiog in a oonple of we^s a journey which 
ordinary people would take months to perf<nin. 
Indeed, gnwrally, among Raidans, diatance is 
never tdcen Into calculation when there is 
question of traveling. In setting out on a 
five-hundred miles' excursion, therttfore, aa if it 
were but a drive to dinner, tiie emperor ia bat 
doing what moat of his Bub|eets would do. 
The people of St. Fatenbots alwaya know 
when he is in the oaplial, Inrlocdcing whether 
the flag be flying on the palace or not ; it la 
hoisted only when the emperor it there. Some 
morning*, when it hat unexpectedly dttap- 
peared, they will be lold that he is already 
many hundred mHea away, having started In 
Uie night in consequence of tome nidden Intel- 
ligence. After the reviews of Kaliach, he 
posted off through Sileaia and Bohemia, and 
waa in the chambers of the imperial family at 
Vienna befon a courier oould Mve arrived to 
announce hit vidt. About the time we were 
leaving Ruarfa, he aoeom|dlslied a tour to Mos- 
cow and Nlahnd-Novgmvd ; than, after vl- 
dtlog Kasan and many of the eaiteni pro- 
vinem, came to I^tle Rntsia, holding reviews 
and levees at a great many piaota by the way; 
yet he was back again In ue capital, from this 
three or four thootand mile survey, within a 
few wedce. He it the <mly Rnidan emperor 
whoae timvellfag habits ever oorresponded with 
the extent of hia domintona : ha drivat literally 
venire i terrt, and seldom fails to acoomplidi 
twelve milea an hour, even on the unmade roadt 
of the toath. His path It generally marked by 
dead hortea. On theie occationt he never en. 
cumbers bimtelf with ratinue or eeoort : hit own 
light droeohky, with sis horaaa, and a aimllar 
vehicle following with an dde^de^mmp, ready 
to be sent off right or left, oonttitnte the whole 
of the imperial train. For todi an impetnona 
traveller, railroads are the only auitable paths- 
He bat, accordingly, already got one formed 
between St. Petmbturg and Tsarkt^-CMo 
(opened since we left Rnula), and talka of con- 
tinning It all the wav,to KIoeopWYJ&tte being 
alKadyP)@t»aai^b)baaimMfaiMdiU^ road 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



85 



on thU loi^ lioe, it ii not likely that he will 
actually attempt a railroad ako ; nit it it highly 
probable that the ftrat roadi which will «vw be 
flitabUihed in the other parte of the enptre, 
CMMdai^ to the Mmth and east of Hotoow, 
woira there are now no roadt worthy of the 
name* will be railwayif for which the level 
natora of the country makes It highly suitable. 
Rnatia sometimes gains by bring behind her 
naighboars. She has watted long for roads; 
bat may now, at (moe, get tba Tsry best. Not* 
withatrnding the pande made In Gvmany and 
France about railroads, there have been greater 
wonders than that Rossia, though she twUu less 
about it, may still get befnre tham in the march 
ef iron. The emperor's habits in travelling, as, 
indeed, at all times, are extremriy simple. He 
«ata but little, and always (tf the plainest The 
bed carried with ftim oa thma occasions is ftr 
from being too htxarioos. It is similar to those 
seen in his bedrooms in the palaces, consisting 
simply of a hard mattress, on a light iron frame, 
•zceedioely narrow. Ha carried the same kind 
of bed all through Englaad. Though suffici. 
ently mall and oninriting, it is not quite so 
tUMomfortahla as the short fir-wood erib of his 
good fatberin>hw, the King of Prussia. * * 

The emperor's personal interference in 
almost every kind of busiuess, though in gene- 
ral prodoctive of good, occasionally does harm i 
It paralyses those who act under him. When 
any sadden emei^ncy arises, they never know 
how far to go. • • • 

** He is so apt to be carried away by pasuon 
in debate, that words often entirely fail him. 
He has a way, however, of filling up the pause : 
in an interview with Ute French ambassador, 
the discussion became so warm that his majesty, 
chafed by opposition, at last, in tlie agony of 
unwilling words, summed up liis arguments 
Tery intelligibly, by striUng his hand with 
great viirfeoea on the tdde— a most impressive 
Sgore of spceeh. On anotlier occasimi, when 
hard pressed for a good argument, he rushed to 
the window, threw it open, and, paining signi- 
ficantly to some regiments exercising beuiw, 
dencbed his reasoning with the words, ' Foila 
aw gardt ; m n'«Jt ^ la vinglUmt parlie de 
mm armitV Th« emperor knew well that, 
after all, feme is the best vJHma vofle of kings. 
Though not an enemy to literature war to lite- 
lary men, be is not distinguished by any 
particular taste for letters. His attainments, 

however, in all useful branches of knowledge 

history, science, Unguages-.are highly respect- 
aUa. The only one pf the imperial funily 
fAm of as beiog at bU litciary, is the Oraod- 
duke Michael, who is said to have written some 
ahle rematks, chiefij political, suggested by a 
Tisit to Naples many ypars niace. So far as can 
be judged by mere outward acU, the emperor's 
respect for religion is very great. His devout- 
nese wliile in church is eatremeu Some say his 
part is here oyeraoted ; for there is no and to 
the bowings and Balutations between him and 
the officia i in g dergy when the serrica Is over. 
No saint's day, or formality of die chundi, is 
aver neglected by him ; and ia travelling, he 
never passes a steeple without crossing himsdf 
aa devoutly as the yemtchik who drives him. 
The fervour of his superstition, if not of his de- 
votion, is well shewn by a recent act, which is 
nekcn of with great applause by the priests. 
He has added a new saint to the calendar. It 
appears that some holy man who lived a hnn* 
dred years ago, had left this earth in all the 
odour of sanctity, but amid the more exciting 
■nbjeets which occupied men's minds at that 
tioM^ hie fisme was soon fo^otlen. Latdy, 
lw««v«r,WDDdnfiil ttiogt lud been perfofmed 



near the place where he lies interred, in the 
government of Voronesh : a talk went forth of 
the side being cured, the lame restored, merely 
by visiting the favoured spot. All this, in due 
course, came to the ear of the empoor, who 
forthwith canom'sed him : and now, to the great 
edification of the ignorant, his bmies are per- 
forming mirades every day among the thousands 
who are flocking to the shrine. » * > 

" In nothing is the vinlance of the emperor's 
ptdice more aeuvdy displayed, than in its seve- 
rity in all tliat eoncems therms. BaDki,and 
puUications of every kind, are under the ttriot* 
est censorship. Not a Hue can be printed, not 
even the prices of tallow and sugar, without the 

Krmission of government. As to any thing 
;e free discusdon in the newspapers, it is out 
tA the qnestioa in a country whers^ as already 
mmtloned, few newspapers are allowed except 
the official organs of the ministry. In regard 
to the admission €S foreign joiirnals, however, 
there is more liberality than we were prepared 
for. All the Oerman newspapers of any repute 
are to be seen at the dubs. • • • 

*' The only French newspaper which we met 
with was the * Journal des D^bats and the 
only English one permitted In public places is 
the ' Morning Poet.* a > • 

" Knowing that the stage is also under a 
strict censorship, we were not a little surprised 
to see a piece performed, which, though we 
could ]iut understand the dialogue, was evi- 
dently very severe on the malpractices of some 
government functionaries. It is called the 
Reviser,* and is meant as a sadre on tiw prao- 
tice of taking bribes, whidi is so pranlent 
among Russian functionaries. A young spend- 
thrift, reduced tohia last sixpence, is mistaken in 
a provincial town, to which he bad removed, 
for the important personage sent down to revise 
the accounts of taz-oollettors, government con- 
tractors, &e. No sooner has this misaj^irehvi- 
sion become general, than his prospects are eom- 
^etely dianged. WealUi, in the shape of 
bribes, poors in upon him so fast, that he 
knows not bow to dispose of it. One person 
offers him a hundred pounds to let his books 
pass unexamined. Another brings double the 
sum, to purchase his silence alwut an acknow- 
ledged defidt. A third great man putt bis 
casUes and horses at his disposal, and a fourth 
gives him his choice of bis daugbtors in mar- 
riage with the promise of a rich dowry to in- 
crease the charms of the favoured fair. In 
short, all goes so prosperously, that our hopeful 
youth, from being the most despairing, begins 
to be the most arrogant of men. Yet such 
things, it a^ean, are too oonunou in Russia 
not to 1m understood and relished by the poor 
taxpayer^ at whose expense all this is done. 
Now all this freedom on the part of a dramatist, 
surprised us greatly in a country where we did 
not expect to bear tlie smallest allusion on the 
stage, at least in the way of censure, to any 
thing connected with government; but the 
mystery was solved, when we were assotad that, 
numerous and powerful though tliey be, the 
dass alluded to in this piece bad not osen able 
to procure its suppression, for the very good 
reason that it had found favour in the eyes of 
the emperor, who comes to laugh at it as often 
RS any gnunbliog liberal In all St. Petorsburg. 
He patronises it becanse it aids him in a part of 
his policy, which will be discussed after we have 
offered a few remarks on the influence which 
the example of the court exercises on the nicies 
of the empird." 
Here, for the present, we mut st<^< 



Our Wild Floteers fatmliarly Described and 
Jllustrated. By Louisa Anne Twamley, 
author of the Romance of Nator^" Flora's 
Gems," Ac. The Plates engraved after the 
Author's Drawings. 12mo. pp. 312. Lon. 
don, 1830. Tilt. 
This is a singularly beautiful volume, both for 
iliustrationsjprose, and poetry, and whimsically 
gracefaL We twte the fiulowii^ aa send- 
mental u_ 

t waadsnd londv, as a dond 

That OoBteeulilfli tfwnln a^ tMh 
Who sU at ones I an* a aood* 

A bast or Mitai dsflbdOi, 

Dm Ibrs. bsMth tbsnsti, 
FluittriBf sod dsodog la thsbractSb 
Contlnuoiu as tha itan that aMoa 

And twinkle on the roDky way. 
They itretched. In nrrer-andlaglloek 

AMOg the maigin of the bay ; 
Tan tbouMad anrl at a gimn, 
TWsbig Ihdr haadi fa ivtlfhUy dsBCSk 
Hw wavtsbaride them danced, but thay 

OutdM tha qiatkltng wares la s|aa ; 
AMetconMnotbBtMgay ^ 

fa sadi aiofftil aonvaay. 
Ifssed^-sadfSMd'^t Httk Ihongbt 
Whet waalth u rae the dww bad bnmgliL 
For oft wh« on my condi 1 Ue, 

In vacant m ia psoaive moodt 
Thay flash upoa that iawaid aye 

Vhldi Is the Ulasor loUtuda. 
And than my baait wiihaUamse Alls, 
And dancsa with the daB&dUi.'' 

The following is of a livelier cast : 

" Fridt and Iht Poppie$ ; fMr Grandevr sad Fflt. 

• Welltde ted-capi an among the coni. 
Hently dandng ai eariy mora. 

We know that the Canner haias to tea 

Our nucy Fad hcea-but here are we I 

We pay no price tta out rammer coata. 

Like tncMe tiavbh crcatum. bailey and esti t 

We don't chooie to be ground end eat 

Like our hea*y4wad neighbour, Osttr Wheat. 

Who dare thraah lu, we dimild like to know I 

Grind u*, and bas ui , and uae ua ao ! 

Let meaner and uiabbler thingi thaa we 

So atnpidly band to aUIUy I' 

So Mid Uttle Red^. aad alliha root 

or the Poppy-daa set up a migbn dwut 1 

Mighty fiir tham. but If yon hadheaid 

You had thought It the cry of a Hay bird. 

So the PoppfAlk Banatad It over the fieM ; 

In pride of giaadeur they nodded and reeled i 

And ihook out their jaAMi, UUnougbt wai Men 

Beta wide, wide ihmwnw or scarlet and green. 

The Blue-bottle set on her doway atalk. 

Quietly iaiiUiig at all thdr talk. 

'lite Marigold atlU nnad bar lays to tha atm. 

And the purple Vetch climbed up to peep at tbe run. 

The nm went down, and rote bright on the roonow. 
To tome bringing Joy, and to other* e'en torrow. 
But Wllhe wu the rtdi roay hrmtc that m<»n 
When he went with hit leapcn among the com. 
Forth went they beUmei, a right merry band. 
The iicklea wen glancing In each atrotig hand. 
And the wealthy bimer came trotting aleag. 
On hb iUff liule pony, 'mid whittle and aoog. 
He trotted along, and ha cracked bUJoke, 
And chatted and laughed with tha har*aat4Mk i 
For the weather waa aettled. banmoten hlgbi 
Aodbtavy crops gisdden'd hb pnctlsedayst 

• We'll cut thli barley to-day,* quoth he. 
At he tied hit white pony under a tree ; 

■ Next the upland wheat, and then the onta.* 
How the Pop|»ci shook la tlwlr acarlet ooaia I 

K, ahodt with laughter, BOt emt, fiir Ihey 
Ter dreamed they too ihould be swept awn ; 
And their l»afiiut wet tplte, to think that aB 
Theli • uteAif' ndgUNMfa wam doomed to fUL 
Tbey twelled and baatlsd wHh SDCta sa sir. 
The own.lUds qnlts la aaamathm wsrs. 
And the tanner orled,gtaadngacrasi the grain, 
'How thoee rsteeWy wiidi have come up agatnl' 

'HalW:' laugtaedthaRed.<a^'Ha!hsIwhBtsAns 
Muittbepoorwsadabebil bowtbey*T*eavytagnil> 
But thdr sshth was cut abort by Um BtuTdy itrakaa 
Tliey q»eedily met itom the barfe(^rolkl■ 
And when low on the earth each item waa laid. 
And the round moon looked on the havoe made. 
A Blue-bottle propped hafsdrhalfaect. 
And made a ihort apeedt— to Ihia efltat. 

■ Hy dying kint-floweit, and faiating ftiendi. 
The tame dire fate alike attend* 

Thoee who in tcarlM or bine are drtaeedt 
Tbm bow tlUy tba pilda that SB Iste POMSStd, 
Digitized by VJiOO^C 



IHC Liri JSKAKr liASe^l lis, APiU 



WbQ wm Mriy Mt pact, wd vataw W Ufh I 
Thsy sneered at t» and our plain amy i 
Ara we now a wUt mcttv humbled than tbey t 

Thef aoofMd oat aaigblKmni-^he goodly com 
Waa Um butt of tbair incRlnMat e*a and toom. 
They lived on Ita land, tnxa ia bounty fed* 
But B wofdttf thanki they neva haveHld. 
And which U the worthiest now, Imay? 
Have ye not haned moagh to^lay f 
la not the com thea&d up with can. 
And are Dot the Popple* Wt dying there > 
The corn will be caniod and aamwed up 
To gladden man'i heart both with loaf and cup ; 
AndaMne of the aaad the tad wnr yMd* 
Wm ba broaghl again ID iu native Hd^ 
And grow and rtpen, aod ware next yen 
A* richly ai tbi* natn ilpoied here; 
And we pooe wecd^ diMgh needed not. 
Perchance may i^big on thla very apot. 

But let na be tfaaiAfUutd bnmUe too. 
Not proud utd Tatn of a gaudy hue I 
Ever renmnnfrtng, tbongti meanly dreU, 
That iiifftilnew ia of all 0fli the MM.' " 



The Romance tfOg Hartm. BjMiiiPardoe, 
aitthor of Tfce Oty rf Ae Soltui,** " The 
RiVBT and Uie Itenrt,^ fto. 3 vdi. ISmo. 
Loodon, Gollmnk 
M188 Pahdoe asBoras ds that th*H at« tales 
either tnilv Tiirkiah, or on the tni« Turkiih 
model. They aze not Kkft •omewe hare aeeo ; 
but if Aa plentUbl tue of Tnrkiih words, 
« N« oldoa/ " Hadullah,** " Khosh nldin," 
"Khoja," "Taib," "BMhastnn," "Ajaib" 
" AlhemdaUehli," Ne fstminfz," Inihal- 
lah," "Nte«paIirB,"»Y«TaA»" «Hai hai," 
Cbtk cbay," Ac fte. ftc, m'rxxA with En^iih 
dialf^e, make Tiukmr patter and diaracter, 
we hare mrdy eaoagb to aatMy the Orand 
Seignior himsclt The sunin memttiveK ara 
not witboat InterNt, thoD^ oGcasioiuUy nu 
ther wiiedtMm t nd we Sr* the eoncloalon 
of one of the b«t» The Jart Jerianry," as 
a aample of the whole. 

Xhe eyet of WttDf Hi not ckwe in ileap 
during that long, long night : but he by upon 
hia rode ciuhione, btuied in Kwaat and retro- 
apective thought. AU the prondeat days of his 
Strang youth pasted in array before Um, and 
he remembered the high aspirii^ Mid an> 
Utiona hopes with wlddi he had Mm used to 
oolonr his ejistance. Hastily he reriewed the 
hoar which prostrated his fortuoes— he ooold 
not bear the msBorv— and with a smile, min- 
^ei with a tear wUA woblM not be sappressed, 
liie i^ctttv termlaaled with the fair creature 
who was pillowed m Us boson — the riotim of 
her holy aal aaraM love! The nonring 
dawned at lengA.-^ NasNd day wm oome 
which was to restore to tlie heart and anas of 
Yniof the friend of his manhood ; end the 
hour was yet early at whidt tin aged Fatma 
ntarted on her amoooi expedhlon. She tarried 
hmg—wr it seemed long to die nary watdier 
whom she had Isftt bnl when the ceiaa, the 
tale she bad to taB lapdd hho for dl hfa snf. 
fering. Kuidly and coorteonsly had the Bey 
receiredhert again she had eaten of his ptUaof, 
and drank uf his cupj he had KSHned to all 
the story of YosafV soffsrings, and vowed on 
the Koran to teimlnaca them. Already had he 
asked a boon of the saltan, who bad smiled 
upon bis sniti and Vatna fUt Aat the boon 
ooutd be 00 othw than die pardon oCMs friend. 
Affairs of state detained him; bat, lila doty 
done, he woold hasten to the p r e sen ce of the 
captive, soon to be so no longer; and mean* 
while a sla* e bad fdlowed the footsteps of the 
old wonaa, and Aen returned to his master, 
to serve him as hia golde. Again and agatu 
did the happy Fauna tell lisr tale; and the 
theme was stlU nnduufod when a heavy stroke 
ou the door of «ha home mtn oned her to re- 
MivatUapMM8«iMs ail, hMcBy nMoh 



ing a shawl fhnu the soft, and foldlag It abont' 
her filce, she descended to draw die but. There 
was the silaioeof amontentt and the heart of 
Vusnf beat high as he siffang from the floor to 
meet his Mend ; * He is here, Siiieyn ; jannm— 
my aoid, he is heral* he ezdahned, with a 
borst ofhis fonner joyonsness— but his trans^ 
port wm shoct-Uved. A pterelw shrkfc rang 
mnn below — ItwaathevoioeofFattna; and in 
another moment the tnmp of many feet sounded 
upon the stain I In an instant the yataghan 
of Yoiuf was in hti hand, and he stood gluing 
like a roused tiger, in the direction of the sound. 
■Toohuat' he shouted in his despatri *0b, 
that jm had not tarried, my friendl my 
Mbm 1 Had you speeded, you might yet have 
saved me ! * But as the agonised cry escaped 
from die lips of the doomed man, the generous 
draam was at an end ; for, on the duMhold of 
the chamber stood Taaln Bey, surrounded by a 
band of armed attendants. For a moment the 
arch-tialtor paused* la dooht diet the wieiohed 
abject befiMe him oouU Indeed beYnsof Agnl 
For a moment he remained paralysed with 
borror as he gazed upon the gannt and haggard 
wretdi, who, with dfJodu hanging matted 
upon his shouMen, and a tangted and loath- 
some beard depending to his girdle, hb chedcs 
sunk and hplhnr, and iiis eyes br^t with a 
florce and Uindi^ l^t, met htm midway of 
the apartment; his weapon raised over his 
head, and hie Une and livid Ups parted above 
his faat-clencbed teeth I Ete be had recovered 
Us horror, Ynsaf struck. Wldk a ydl like 
that of a hunted savage, his weapon was buried 
to the hilt in the heart of one of the party who 
had advanced a step in (hmt his oomndes; and 
it s semed as thoowh the Uow had loosed the 
speH whldi had bouod the senses of their 
Icado-; tor ere the desperate Aga could wllh- 
^w his vreapon, die bey had pronounced the 
fihtfti word, and instandy a score of hb followers 
rushed npon their vlcom. But the soul of 
Ynsufai^peared to have called bade its strength 
i* hb last moment of trial, and he struggled 
19ce a demonbc. Suddenly there was a fhght- 
fal gnshhig groan — a heavy (Ul^and he lay 
stasMcss at the feet of hb persecutors ! Yet 
00 steel had touched — no cord had polluted 
Um — he lay bathed in blood, but It had gushed 
from hb month and nostrib I Nature, so long 
neglected, had been overtaxed in this hour ot 
passion, and he had burst an artery. When 
they rabed hfm np, he was beyond tbielr pmnr. 
Attah, In hb own good time, had tdceB tohfan- 
tclf the last of die Janbsaries ! " 



A CoBectim tff Ifational BngUth Airs, eotuitt- 
ing tf Anetmt Smg., Ballad^ and Dance 
l^twx, interapened vriA Rmarkt and Anee- 
dote, and preceded bg an Etaaf on Bngliih 
Mtnttr^. Tha Aira hamuRiIsed for the 
Piano-forte, by W. Crotch, Moi. Doc., O. A. 
Madarren, and J. Augustine Wade. EdiU 
ed by W. Chappell. Fhrt I, 4to. pp. 60. 
London, 1838. Ch^ipeD; Km^In, Mar. 
shall, and Co. 
The Scottiah mudc occapied us so largely In 
onr hut, that we could not bestow even ue few 
wordg we proposed upon these Engli^ sirs, 
whitdiwe hail widi pleasure, as a reproduction 
of some very fine, very old, and far too much 
forgotten melodies. ** That the people of Eng. 
land (say the editors) have In all ages delighted 
in secular or social music, can be proved hy a 
thotisRud testimonies. The scalds an^ minstrels 
n^era beU in great tcpnta ftor many ages, and 
it b but fair to infer that the ravarenoe shewn 

tft Amm »tw ftwrp Vf f — f— m fn »ht A 

tkalrartwHlfaU. ^uRomaoy, on their first 



Invasion of thb Island, found three ordm of 
priesthood established here fcoea a period long 
anterior. The iirst and most influential were 
the Druids ; the second, the Barda, whose busi- 
ness It was to osihtfirate die praises of their 
heroes In ver«e« and songs, which dwy oootpoSBd 
and sang to dieir harps ; mi die third were Ae 
Eubatea, or those who W^od themselves to dw 
stvdy of philosi^y. The northern aanab 
abound with pompons ftccoouU of the honours 
conferred on moi^e by princes who wen) theu- 
sdve* profidentt in the art; for music bad 
beonne a accomplishment, as we find hy 
bU die ancbnt metrical nmanoes wd herahi 
nanadons— and to sli^ to die harp was Mcas- 
sarr to a perfiect prince, and complete hero !** 
Elsewhere It b said : 
tt has been too much the flbblon with ns, 
to pay little nttoidon to our own tuiiel ; and 
die lut Importation has been generally the best 
reodved ; so diat want of enooungemant has 
been jnttly oomphuned of hy our native* mutt- 
cfuB in aU ages, and not less so at die very tiue 
when we m%ht have chalbnged eompetitiou 
widi any other nation in Europe. Even the 
matetfab of the present work are in some degree 
drawn from foreign sources, and Ita particular 
fVom tiro coUectiona of Euriish alts, the one 
{minted at Haerlem,t In 10^ and the otfaerat 
Amstndam,{ in l^i4, in which are to befrand 
several melodies, aofuMng addltioml intareit 
from bring mendoaed Shal^iiere, by leaak 
Walton, Ac., and might luive been songfat for in 
vain at home. The nigtence, however^ «t two 
such collections a oentury before any published 
coUecttOD of bish or SoMb, is a proof tint, 
though Ugfady aateemed by ooraelvet, Englbh 
airs must then have been held in eonsideraWB 
Bstlmadco ^xraad ; and as p«d)fie attention has 
been gradually turning to the old English 
ballad, tince Dr. Percy first led the way,— as 
madrigals have been recendy revived, and 
heard with pleasare, and even the nationd 
country-dance has been agidn tntroduoed at 
oaort,~it is hoped tltat the p r esent nMmant 
may prove auspldoos fur a pubUcation of dib 
description ; more espedally since the lodiffBr- 
enoe widi wbidi die pursuit has been goietaUy 
iKgarded, has caused a difficnlty in procuring 
die necessary worin of reference, whidi wonM 
only become greater by further deby.** 

The following extracts arealMiuterestingi.^ 
Ita die year 1338, when Adam de Orleton, 
bishop of Winchester, visited fab cathedral 
priory of St. Bwithin fn that city, a minstrel 
named Herbert was Introduced, inio sung the 
song of Cdbnmd, a Danish gtaot, and the tale 
of Queen Emma delivered from the plough- 
shares (or trial by fire], ia the ludl of the prior 
Alexander de Herriard. The fondness of the 
English (even the moat illiterate) to hear talsa 
and rhymes, b modi dwelt upon by Rob. de 
dmune, In 1330. AD rhymes were then song 
to die harp: even TroQns and Cresaeide,tbon^ 
almoat as long as the Xmii, was to be * redde, 
or else songe. It may not be amiss to remark 
here, that no poets of any other coun try have 
made such freqoent and enthusiastic mention of 
minstrelsy as «w Englbh. There b not an old 
poem but abounds with the pnbea of moric. 
All ourold poets, and Chaucer particularly, aeem 



• •• By Henry Lswea (to highly enloglMd In Milua). 
tq) Mattbcm Lodu, author of the mudc In " itodMlta,'* 
and numbslen otharSi Lawca set to mualc the hittlal 
■tarda of a eaUlogu* of boidta, and, pawing thsm off aaB 
MOB newly tanpcuted, ridiculed the ancceae eita muatt 
^neOwei by the publle.- 

t • Ncder-LaodtxAc Gcdenck-duik door Adrlamm 
Werhun.' The wordi are all Dutch, but the tune* are 
adcnowledged by the title • EacelKbe Stemmen.' " 

t •• < McsdM Laat-hof. door Jan Jaaaa. StaMar.' la 
tik CDneeUaa flw wonb an alM IMMh. M the taaas 
Sin Ihdi DBOMS hi KagUitLr^ I 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



joURKAE OF THE BELLES LFITRES. 



to hm received great pletuur* from the niuiie of 

Uwie timSt whatever it wai ; and never kwe an 

opiMrtuaHy of deMsribing iu beautiea and 

efleck. la Adam Darf (or Davb), a poet itt 

the time of Edward II., we find iho feUowiUf 

Uaeth— 

• Hay 1« tfM bbit of the •qrnoiint 
ll«ry ii tiM touching of tha faai^nre.' 

It a wortlijr ot remark, that in hii poem of 

• The Life of Aleunder,* oecure m» -mtii- 

IcQown rhyoi^ and wMels Wartea mija^' * i» 

perliapt ue tnu riadlngi*— 

• Menrawltbe It 1* in hallfc 
WIuo Um berdM mvMb lO.' 

AaA in aootlwr place wo have s-m 

• Umj It it tn hallo to here the htfpet 
The myaMnlteaqRigi. UMjogekiuncupe.' 

Ilk lha oelebraMd poem adled tito * ViBion of 
Picreo Plowman, hf Boberc Londanda, a 
Mcalar prieM, and » MIow oP Oriel Celieg* in 
Oxford, about 1360^ we find the following m. 
proachful and eccentric lines agiuiut aome who 
were ignoranc of Ae minatral art 

• They can (know) no in or* nimtMif ne mas; he mea 

And furtXer on' Ae following linei 

• Thaa* tnt I u Awne.f ea ftmlti of tkn moam, 
Aadgladerthoil we ^aoMiil that gold hath to gylta."* 

■ • • • 

k will not peifaipa be deemed Impertinent 
to iHmmm, that aboqt tUa patlod the rainttnk 
were often nore amplj^pwo tbao tbe clervy. 
In this am as in more enli^itened limeB, the 
people kmd better to be pleased than InttmatadL 
Durini^ many of the yracs of Henry VI. pw^ 
ticutarly in the year 1430, at the annoal fiHwt 
of the lalemity of the ^lie Crosse, at AUngk 
doOf a town in Batkdilr^ twelve ^eeu ea^ 
reorived fimr peBoe for singing a dirge : and 
the same nnmbor of ndnstnls were rewarded 
each with two ahiUings and four penoe, besides 
diet and hars».raeat. 9sme of theae minstrels 
came only from Maydenhithe, or Maidanhead, 
a town at no great distuwe, in the same conntjh 
tn tbe year 1441, driit priesu were hired from 
Coveotry, to asrist Tn celebrating a yeai^y obit 
in the dinreh of the nei^booiiag priwr of 
MaUc^t at were six minitrds, csJled Mttni, 
belonging to the ftmily of Lord Clinton, who 
lived in tfav adjoining Castle of Maztoke, te 
siog, harp, and play, in the haU of the mo>- 
naatery, during the extraordinary refecUon 
lowed to the monks on that anniversary. Two 
killings were given to the priests, and foor te 
th«BahMtrriat md^laneff are laM t»have 
aumd in eamtn ptotOy ot the painted dumber 
of ue convent, with the sab-prior, on which 
occaiion the cliamberiain furnished eight maaiy 
tapers of wax." 

To the disonasion of tbe sabject of chnroh 
music we shall only refer the reader, as, indeed, 
we mutt to the whole of this brief essay of 
twenty pmt on the rise, pK^rass, and decline 
flfndnstteiart. With repird to the tnnes here 
rapfodnoed' and preserved, it is, of coorse, be. 
yond oar power to oflbr any example of them : 
all we can say is, that we have been greatly 
moved and dcMghted by most of tfaem> The 
asBoeiation of Idea to which they gfve rise is of 
m TCry gtatlfying Wnd. In ilhiatrating then 
WW are often refarred to ** A AndelitU of plea- 
sant DeRtee, oontainfRg anndrie new Sonets 
and ddectaUe Historiea in divert kinds of 
Bfcotar, newly dwrttad ta Um neweet tane^ 
that am now In use to be rang, everle Sonet 

• TtML" t Cheerful," J " Bird." 

I "Than, tliifonwwhatdiwiilBrwebaversvened the 
aaclmt (pdUngi of the advetb Men and the ooi^iUKtloa 

I ••Hafp«,«tB>lnstid.'* 



orderly pointed to his pnqier tun& widi new 
additinw 00 certain Songs to veiia uts devised 
Notes, not commonly knowen, nor used here- 
tofore, by Clement Robinson and divereothm. 
M Lmwn, printed by Richard Ihmies i dwell- 
ing at the Signe of the Rose and Cvowne, near 
Holbnme Bridge, 1584." 

Of No. XIX. we have the fbllowliw accoon^ 
which may serve as an esMi^le of th» net, 
amounting to sixty in dl 

''^FromowrBaMlmmitn. A sortef Bymn,' 
wMoh aepeara to have been written at tbe lime 
of the tnreatened invasion of the Spanidi Ar- 
mada, and it here given from a mannscript in 

tha pOBScsiion of Fearsall, Esq., bearing the 

dMe of 1S88. The- mixture of devotion and 
defiance in the words fomi a carious sample of 
(he t^t of the timee. 

* From our baaa hmsdns. 

rmm wicked men*! deffoe* 

O Ood I arlee and aid ne. 

And cnuh our enemlet. 

Sink deep their potent navisb 

Tbdi (tiengdien'd ipiiit twialr t 

O Godt arfieand ^u, 

For Jeeiu Chritf . bb —k». 

Though cmiel Spein and Home 

With tMsuhca legioH ann. 

O God ! ariae and help uit 

ir« will perMi for our home i 

We will not change our Credo 

For Pope, nor Book, nor Belli 

And ir the devtl ooinaa hinuelf. 

We wHI drive bim bonie to helL.' ' 



CbncLato vlfiteNen.' iU Cmuta onf QmMMottn, br 
Bantett Blake. Pp.16. (London, O. Hann, iUlejr, South- 

C, roitar, and Hettall.) A tHort but pithympoaitlon, 
\f Conerratlvei end ttraagty enti-mtnlitalal. The 
w^tet malDtatn* that all " the mawe*," whether uiicul- 
Imal or tnanafacturing, would be deeiriy lolumr by a 
atpeal <rf the Com Lam 

A Fm FaoU on the Com £awr, defen^ng 0tt 
AfrieuUwral InttroH. By Arthur Ashpitd. 
Pp. 37. London, 183KK IKchardson. 
Amothss strong statement in support of tbe 
agricnltmfdptqiauAlon; fhnn which an extraot 
may beat speak in duracter. After notfdng 
d> the abuse and ^oquy thrown on landcwners 
dte., the writer saje : — 

'* Bow stands the fact ? What b ^ 
amount of thdr extortion ? It is easy to 
make assertions, but let ns come to figures. 
We know nothing of the matter pracQirally, 
esDept in bnying a loaf. Now ont of the 
money paid (or that quartem toaf (aboat 
eleven-pence) how nnch doee the landlord 
get? Ckie would suppose at least three-ftrarihB. 
A half? Four-pence? Three-pence? No! 
the abosed- landl«d does not get a penny — no, 
nor even a hdf-pennT—ont at the vdne of die 
qsartera loaf. I wilt shew by dry figures tbe 
stubborn hct, CbaC If every landlord was te be 
deprived of his bnd to-morrev 1^ tbe eonfit. 
cation of a oonimlneB of puUIe safety, or dragged 
te 4ie gnilletine by e maddened populace, and 
an rents at once extinct, and the whcrfe land 
free, the quartern loaf coidd only be redoced 
one bnUng and a fraction of another. Here 
are the figwea. It is eedly investigated. The 
rent r ee ei v e d by the landlords for corn land 
thraaghant die wbde of England, averages but 
I9t. per acre. This acre will prodnoe from 3} 
to 6 qoMtera of com. I have heard of 6, and 
even in some cases 8 quarters bdng grown, but 
this is on superior landte. However, the imoonts 
r just stated are theordinary crops, and Imll caD 
the average so low as only 4 quarters per acre, 
tokeepwithin tbe mark. A load of wheat wiH 
produee Q sacks of flour, and of coarse taking 
the 4 quarters we shall have S\ ladcs of flour as 
' the produce of an acre — the sack of flour ougb t to 
mal», at full weight and wiAout adulteration, 
109 4 lb. loaves— and of course, by the common 
rale of three, yon will find that S20 loaves 
an Ike proteoe ofas am The Indkcd findi 



the awe of ground on which these are grown, 
and reodves 10» fur it; iUa yon win Bud is 
onlv a Earthing and alMmt a half-flarthing fbr 
eadi'loaf. And these are the extortionert^ these 
are the granlng men who eqaeese the tenant to 
the last shuling, and grind the poor till die 
whole ooantry oies fiir vengeanoe 1 * " 

I am not one of those who edvoeate one 
tide, one interest alone. I have ilieady stated 
that I think it is tbe doty of a good govmunent 
to protest wH alaisss wlddn its power. I like 
the maxlm^ * live, and let Hve.' I knew that 
bread is too dear, and I will now endeavoor to 
point ont some of the reasons why it is so. The 
first csnse is that the apeonlators have the mar- 
keto in their pow«. Uen whe Imm not a foot 
of land, and who do net eontribnts a single 
energy to the produoUoa of a siule loaf, get 
more, far more, thanthemnwhouds the land 
to grow it on. • • • 

It would be nssleu to exf^n the present 
scale of corn-laws it Is well known, that the 
duty rises as the price falls, and falls aetha price 
rises— an esniiaUe proviaiui at it sesms to me 
— te the peoMe are prassrted fWwn the horrers 
of seardty, and ^ fiwinar ihlsldMl firem Uie 
ruinous effects of what ptditied eocmomiBts re- 
joice to des^nata *(^ats.' It iv clear if a per. 
■on buys » quantity oi wheat abroad at a low 
rate, widiluuds it nom the marint till, by ma* 
nceuvring, he gets up the price, the dnty Arils on 
taking the average, and he chm can pour his 
stock into the market at a low dn^ and high 
price, and realise a huge fortune at me expense 
of the oonsDmar. I can llhistnte tUs en the 
best auUiority— personal experienoe." 
Mam^faetuw and Com-OromttM, Pp. 33. 
London, 1839, Porter and Wright ; Simp- 
kin and HarriiBll, 
AvoTHKR pamphlet on the sanw aide, and 
taking very lam views of oar eonditien in 
comparison with tbe peopls in continental 
nacicnu. 



KISCSLLAineUS. 

Dr. Ur^» Dktionmjf Artt, Mmt^fitetum, 
4^ Part VI. London, 1630. Longman, 
and Co. 

Db. Ure notices in this ost that m very liberal 
additioa of SW pi^ of latlaqproaa;, and 240 
engravings, wfll be made to this dictionary, 
without any Ineieaae of pifae. For tha ability 
to do thie,he oxpr assaa Umself obliged to a o«i- 
fidential ar r angement with Mr. WiDbun New> 
ton, patent agent, and propriet o r of tbe " Lon- 
don Joomd of Arts, Sdenoas, and Manufac' 
UBOB : ** permitting him to fawonorate in his 
work many interesting details and illustrative 
figures of modem patent fnrentiinisand improve- 
ments. We need not observe how useful and 
vduable such informati«i must be. The pre> . 
sent part contains articles on gunpowder, hat 
making, hosiery, indigo, inm, Itavy's lamp, and 
other uteiesting subjects. 
The LatSu' Flowtr-Gardmj No. II. By Mrs. 

Loudon. Londmi, 1839. Smith. 
More besntifnl than, and eqnaliy Interesting 
with, the firtt Number, we have here the pa- 
paveraeea with many a learned name and de- 
licate blossom. The plates are charming, and 
the description) very interesting. 
The Prinee md the Pedlar ; Off the Skge 0/ 
SrieUa. Bv the Author of the " HdreM," 
the ^ Merdhant^l Daughter," && 3 vdt. 
12mo. London,' 1838. Bentley. 
The stirring times of the Cavalieie and Roend- 
heads afford soch ample sespe for fietlen, that 
we cannot wonder at so many novdists oboosing 
that period of historr te tha base 4f;^tir woriu. 
The aeaU^Sr^tfii MP£^«nl(ar has 



88 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



referred to the beit muthorities for the Huts vith discharge less eoergetic. These electro-diemiG 
irhtcb he has interwoTen the romance, and the ourrents affect, more or leu, the magnetic 
names of Clarendon, Aikin, Benger, Sec, are I needle of a multiplicator of Nobili*>, con- 
attadied to explwiBtory notes. The ttoej is jstructad by that celebrated natural {^ilosopher, 
amusing, and the interest well nstained to the I which le Pdre Linari has used in all hia ex- 
end. Althoarii, in troth, we could searody : perimente. They depend on the extent of 
hope to aee ue hwn wain after he bad had a | metallic surface brought into contact with the 
** sword throogfa his body, np to tbe very hilL" | body of the fish ; and on the intennity of the 
Howerer, we nrait not judge of the heroes of I chemical acUon exercised upon it by tbe salt 
romaoGO as of oommon people ; the offspring of (water, which always remains commixed with 



the writer's brain, they are, of oouise, a* easity 
made inmlnerable as not ; sod. In the present 
instance, we meet Sir Roland at the finue with 
great satlshotion. The disguised pedlar is a 
wdl*drawn ohanotw; and between tb* history 
and the ayatery of thieM Tohimas, the Itmn of 
either may paea 101110 peasant hours in their 
perusal. 

The yattraJuiUlAbrarg. Vd. VIII. Mam- 
malia, by Dr. R. Uinulton, Conducted by 
Sir W. Jardine^ Bart, Ac &c Edinbu^, 
Uaara; LMtdim^ Higbley; Dublin, Carry 
and Co. 

Another Tery admirable volume added to 
this popular work. It nnbraces the subject of 
amphibious camirora, and is replete with 
scientific intelligence and singular relations td 
the habits, &c. of these animals. The plates 
are ^Mcdutely superabundant, and Mr. Lisars 
has treated toam with a degree of genius almost 
unknown to mdi snbjects. The wild nortfiern 
land and ifls-scapea, with tnrlmlent seas and 
bird-spangled skies and shores, in which he 
has placed his rarious seals, walruses, &o., are 
beautiful. The sea-serpent is a perfect picture, 
if not B reality in natural history, and the 
krakfln,wby? it vonU make the fartiine nfa 
naval piece at any of oar tbeatrei. The btter- 
presa also demands our very warmest praise. 



ARTS AND BOIBNOEB. 

ELECT KIC EEL. 
[Hood'* Ghctiic Eel (SM ouc list) oiubt to hsw lUiu- 
tnted tbi* Intemting iub}eat but m hsTC gmt it at 
Urge a tpaee » the ciirioua BSttne of the czpsrlminti 
Kcnwd to w to danud.] 

An Inqtdrp Mo the Eteetro-Chenueat Proper- 
tut qf Ihi Torpedo. By le Fire Sent! Li. 
nari, Professor of Physics at tbe Imperial 
and Royal Unirertity of Sienna.* 
{yUiriiletdJivm La nbllotiUviw Vniverw^ lU CmA«.) 
Amomo the natural philosophers who have 
investigated the electrical phenomena afforded 
by the torpedoy le Pin Saati Linari holds a 
dlsUnguiahed plaoe. Tbe "BiUiothique Unl- 
verselle" has already published tbe result of his 
rewarcbes in March 1836, at the port of Tala- 
more ; and in Septemlwr of the same year, at 
the port of Saint-Etienne, both situated on the 
coast of the sea of Tuscany. Tbe autbor, hav- 
ing auended and eompleud his labours in the 
same port of Salnt-Etirane, during the month 
of October 1837, has had the goodness to com- 
municate to us the reanlts, firam whidi we ex 
tract what folbws. 

Sect. 1. Bhetro-cheme currentt produeed in 
the bodjf <if the torpedo^ b// contact ui^ otj/dabte 
tMta&.—When the organ a torpedo, wiUr 
baring been wiped in order to remove the 
moisture whicli covers it, Is touched or pressed 
with oxydnble meuls, electro-chemic currents 
are produced simultaneously with tbe usual 
electric discharge. The intensity of these cnr- 
renu is not capable of diminishing the effects 
produced by violent discbai^, but it Influ- 
ences the appredatiOD of Uwm oooarioned by a 



■ When our own able tBveititsWr, Hr. Fsrsd^, y 
punuing hU rsMudtes on tbe «m ed wepamMiBtMs 
COUDI17, it mpptm to ni InteMCiiif to see irtiat has been 
d<we where snotfaer accuaie ofaivvei etdayad so madi 
better opponiudtlts»a»d obtaioed sudi iBvactsntnadts. 
— JAX. ft 



the ^udnous humour of its skin. This moist- 
ure IS the more inevitable, as the animal, at the 
moment of the experiment, frequently throws 
out of its gUli a vlsooiu liaud, vUeh be^rin- 
kks almost the whole of ita body. Anespe- 
riment was made by means of two disks of 
copper, highly polished, of about three Inches 
in diameter. They were pressed against the 
dried surface of a torpedo's body; npon which, 
independently of the disdu^e^ aud by the sole 
eAct of the deotnMihamic currents which 
manlbsted tbemadvea In omiaeqnenoe of the 
contact, the needle of the galvanometer deri 
ated from 30° to 90°, and even more ; especially 
when the pressure of the disks was accom 
panied by slight friction. The same effect* 
were obtained by two plates of any other oxyd- 
able metals ; such as brass, lead, tin, unrefined 
silver ; but it was necessary that they should 
be laij^ than the c(q>per wka. On the con- 
trary, le Fire Unari ooald not obtdba any 
deriation of the needle with ptrints of a fork of 

Sod silver (of whidi he availed himself in 
ardi 1836, to draw the spark of (nduefion 
from the torpedo) ; nor with two sheets of the 
same metal, veir pure, especially when they 
had only a small surface 1 dw with sheets ot 
gold; n<vof coj^ergilt, although the pdnts of 
contact were very niunerous. These various 
experiments induced the author to terminate 
br two pmnts, or two sheMs, of pure platioa, 
e tractors (rtfopAerM), which h$ used to draw 
from the toncdo the discharge, free from all 
mixtore, and from the presence of electro- 
ohenJc cumnts. The needle of the galvano- 
meter remained motionless when, with these 
two plates, two respecrive paru whatever of the 
torpedo's body were touched ; or when, one of 
the plates resting on the surface, the other 
grazed the brain, touched or lightly pressed the 
nerves surrounding it, or was introduced into 
the mouth, and plunged Into the eesophsgoe, or 
tbe ventricles of the animaL Tbe result was 
the same iriieUier die tm^edo was living or 
dead, and wbeUier Its skin was dry or moist. 
Besides the instrument of which we have 
spoken, le Fire Linari employed the following 
little apparatus, in order to study the effect of 
the passage of the cunrent of the torpedo through 
distilled watw. It consisted of a glass tabe, 
8 milligr. in diameter, fbll <rf the liquid, and 
closed at its two ends by a cork covered with 
Spanish wax. £adi cork afforded passage to a 
putina wire, soldere4 In the interior of the 
tube to a plate of that metal, 26 mlUigr. long, 
and milligr. broad. The free portions of 
tlie wire, which might be at pleasoie broi^fat 
tt^ther, or separated, ftamished easy meant 
of interrupting or re-establishing the circuit 
Sect. 2. MeoMure of the intmritf/ of the ear 
rent* of the torpedo, — To measure the intensity 
of the currents produced In the strong dis- 
diarges of the twpedo, le Pire Linari made use 
of M. Beoquerel's electro-magnetic balance. 
For the purpose of ascertaining the relative 
intenrity of the eorrents of strong and weak 
dhdiaq^ he had reooarse to two of Nobili's 
instruments, — his comparing ga]vanometer,and 
his veriScator, a thermo-electric pile, formed 
«f 36 elamnts, and indka t ing a eoutaot 



diffenooB of 36^ for a difference of tem- 
teratare comprised between thawing ice and 
Kriling water. Of tbe various experiments 
made by means these instruments we quote 
the following 

Experiment Itt. A voltaic element wak 
ilnnged, for twelve seconds, into a vessel three 
nches In diameter, containing seven dMmibw 
of distilled water ; the current produced caused 
the Index of the balance to devbite 0°,7. Half 
the dement was withdrawn from the liquid, 
which reduced the deviation to 0',35. The 
corresponding weigbu necessary to re-establish 
the equilibrium were, the one 6 mll^., the 
otbw 2,25 millt^. For the*galvan}c cnrrent, 
was then substituted that produoed by the 
discharge of a torpedo, 10^ Inches In diameter. 
The index deriated 0°,25, as above, was brought 
tiack to aero by the addition of a weiriit of 
2,36 milligr. These ei^faneott fumidt the 
results.* S:s.9B::s3ti 

whence it follows, that In comparing the inten- 
sides of galvanic currents with uboee of the 
torpedo, we have the result of equality in the 
one ease; and 6,3 : 1, or, neglecting the frac- 
tion, 6:1, in the other. Thus the cnrrmt 
occasioned by the disdiarge of the animal was 
five times less energetic uisn that produced by 
die voUale dement in complete Immerrion. 

Tbe pnrfiBnor fonneriy obtained different 
results from torpedoes which gave more Intense 
discharges. This discrepancy may be explained 
by the fiut, that. In the prcaent instance, tbe 
animals were not in possession of their ordinary 
vigour. On tbe contrary, they were thin, and 
the state of their stomach diewed that they had 
frequently wanted foodi dronmstancea attri- 
butable to the precocity of the winter, which 
had frOECn the waters of the gulf, and to die 
northerly and westerly winds which had agi- 
tated them. 

fffiertmenf 2<f. ^e cnrrent produced by a 
strong discharge from a torpedo, 9 iDches In 
diameter, was made to pass through one of the 
four wires of tbe comparing galvanometer, and 
the index correepondent to that wire deviated 
33°. In snlnnitting to the same proof, cur. 
rents less Intense, emitted from a torpedo of 
smaller diameter, for three nicceaslve dis- 
chai|res, deviations of 10*, 8^, 5°, were obtain- 
ed ; the index having erary dme been brought 
back to zero. Now,Nobai's taUea of thbinten* 
rity of onirents give t 

FoTtbedeviatlaBS 3Ft Wi S"i 

TbecoiieqnadlBg aomtacn tXIM HM M *A 

Therefore, the measures of intenuty of the 
currents disdiarged by the torpedoes experi- 
mented npon, are those expressed by the above 
nnmbwB. Consequendy, In comparing tha 
first with the eecond, tluit ii to say. In wriu 
Ing... 237,09 : a^=43,7 : 1 

we have the result approxImaUng to 44;I. 
From this it appauSf uat the intend^ o£ tbe 
current of tbe first torpedo was 44 tfanca 
greater than that of the last of the three cur- 
raits given by tbe second. 

Etperinent 3d. A battery formed of 9 Ley- 
den jars, presenting a total surface of 94 square 
inches, caused the deviation, by several suc- 
cessive discharges, of the Index of the multi- 
plicator and that of the comparing galvano- 
meter, the one from 40* to 660, the other from 
1° to r,6. SmaU bundles of metallic pdnU 
were tised as exdten, and the discharges wm 
made to pass through' the oyh'ndrioafmass of 
distilled water contained in the small cube 



•Wenpocttbs] 

Digitized by 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES 



89 



alraady menUoiMd.. Now, u the gilnno- 
meUn were placsd in identical <dtoanittMOa 
peodiug Um instantaoeoui dnntUon of the dii- 
chwget ; ud, u the index denoted equal 
deviations for the slight shocki giren by small 
torpedoes, or by la^ torpedoes enfe^ded, it fol> 
loin, that Blthim^eMti kind of enrroit had a 
different nigin, thdr Intensity was egnal in 
the drcn m staacei of the experiment If tlien» 
coDtinaes the author, the intensity of these 
little shocks of torpedoes, either small or en< 
feelM, or an . ordinary electrical discbai^ 
vhich has caoied to deviate, by a single degree, 
(he index of the comparing galTanometer, is 
eximaied by the nnmber 277,09 (the uomber 
whidi we hsTe foond. In thiB Beamd eqeri- 
ment, correspwid to a deriaUon of 33*), ve 
shall hare, between the intensity of the one <k 
the currents and that of the other, the rel&ticHi 
of 1 1 277,09, <w an approximatloa to 1 : 277- 
This reasoning shews toat the shock given by 
the large torpedo, and which was verr feeble, 
cMsparsd with that given by animals of its 
diameter, when they are full of vigour and life, 
was 277 times greater than the aught diadiaife 
given by the sfluU torpedo, or by ordinary 
electricity. 

Sect. 3. Caiorifie pnptrtiea cf Otdrieal our- 
rmtt produMd bjf tiu Jmkarg&mf tite torpedo. 
— In <Hcder to asoertain, In n sure and £rect 
■uuuwr, the existoaoa of calorific properties, in 
the currents of the torpedo, le P£re Liiisri 
conoelved the idea of introdudng into the 
circuit ■ horisootal thomo-deotric element, 
oomposed of bismath and antimony, and sol- 
dered crosswise to the bnlb of a very sen^ile 
Lealie'i air-thermometer. Tbelutramentwai 
made oo purpose, and under the eyes of the 
anthor, by M. Bertonl, a skilful mechanician 
attached to the nniversity. The scale was 
divided into centigrade degrees. Thanlu to 
the delicacy of this excellent thermometer, the 
Sienna professor attained the double object 
which he contemplated. First, to confinn the 
discovery made by him, in Sq^tember 1836, of 
the calorific pwparties ct the drenlar oorrcnta 
which issne frcsn the upper snr&oe of ^ 
torpedo's organ t seomdly, to establish the 
existenoe of the same properties in the dis- 
charges which cease the currenU, and direct 
them from the brain to the lower soriace of the 
animal. The latter msnifiest themselves, when 
in order to pradnca the disehatge, the platina 
rfophon is apdied to snne one « the pairs of 
nerves which belt»g to the moephalic bbe of 
Floorens, and espedally (which Is more re- 
markable) to that, the ramificationB of whidi 
are ^ncipally directed to the operculnm, to 
the ^s, and to the electrical organ. The «x- 
pertaient succeeded with a great nnmber of 
torpedoes, with which both drcIeB of eonenU 
were thos studied. The followiag Is the series 
ot effects which every discharnng stroke pro- 
duced on the thermnneter. The terms wnidi 
are preceded by the signs + or — indicate the 
temperature, sometimes positive, sometimes 
negative, produced by the currents, accordingly 
as they passed from the antimony to the m- 
mnth, or to the Usmuth from tne antimony. 
We will adhere to tUa notation In all which 
remains for ns to say. 

Seria Iff ttmperaturtt given bp th* eurrent, 
which eireulatetjroin the brmn to the lower lur- 
faee </ Ae eleetrieal organ. 

FintMrin-- +0'S', +W, +VV, +(r'85'( 
SKODdwrtM -I -1 fi -0 7 -0 3. 
Tbt UgbMt tMnpenture I* -t- 7*, tbt kiwat -I* fi". 

Seriti ^ temperatures ^ eurrtHtt tMAnm 
from the batk to the lover beOv. 

nntHriM, 

+<f r, +P0', +1T, +i«'e', 



SNOOdMliWi 

-rv, -i»o*, -\*V. ~vv, -r r. 
The U^MM WDpoaom b -f tlM towwt -8° r. 

The remaricable fish subjected to the expe- 
riment, having been excited in a continuous 
manner for sibont four mlnntes, frequently 

Save, one after the other, a certain niunber of 
isdiarges, taking between each of tbem only 
brief instants of rest. Le P^re Unari, loddng 
at this continued series of electrical jets as a 
cnrrrat of an nnf ntermpted pile, omcdred the 
idea of also ctmaparing the temperatures indi- 
cated by the thermometer, of that description 
of currents, with those of continuous galvanic 
discharges. For that pnrpose, and according 
to the method previously described, he, for four 
mlnntes, caused the voltaic correnta to pass, 
eometimes In one way, sometimes In the other, 
through the thermo-electric element whidi we 
have mentioned. The one save for the maxi- 
mum temperature +6^; the others, for the 
minimum temperature, — 6". He afterwards 
caused to pass, under tiie same drcumstances, 
the currents of the torpedo, and obtdned, for 
the two dischargee, the fisUowing series of tem- 
peratnrea, in whidi erary term b the sum of 
the effacts prodnocd on tiie thermometer by 
anreqwudent shocks, effisoted In the same 
space 4^ time: — 

rintMriM .. +i"o', +i'r, 

SsoandMrtH -10 -9 5 -a e -4 o. 
The UgbM tmpeiatora b r y, tbs lomt -4* r. 

In cnnpariiv the h^^Mst and the lowest 
temperatures, produced either by the voltaic 
cnrrents, or by those of the torpedo, the author 
deduced the molts expressed in the two series 
of rdations following. For the two oorrents 
going fnm the antimony to the Usmnih, the 
rdauim is ;: 8 : %jb, tor the two eanwits 
going from tike Uaamtii to the antimony, the 
relation la : : 6 : 4. Thus, the relations be- 
tween the temperatures produced by tlie cur- 
rent of the torpedo pasting from the back to the 
lower belly, and by the voltaic current, would 
be j in the one case, and | In the other. 

Sect. 4. Action of the ete^rieal ditiAarget of 
the torpedo upon the wfuitipiietUor.'- The brain 
of three torpedoea was unoorarad in the expe. 
riment : one had been dead an hour, the second 
was still living, and the third was dying, or had 
died shortiy before. First, the electrical car. 
rent prodnoed by the discharge proceeded al- 
waya from the brain to the lower aarfaoe of the 
organ. Secondly, the deviations wwe sentiUv 
indicated by the multiptioator, when, as nsna^ 
the platina reophore tonched tiie anterior pair 
(tf nenres of the encephalic lol^ of FloDmis. 
Thirdly, the three torpedoes communicated to 
the index of the galvanometer diffierait deria> 
tions, in emitting a corrent directed from the 
same pair of nervea to tiie lower belly. TIm 
dead torpedo gave deviadoni of 5* to 12' ; the 
tiring one of 96** to 110°; the third made the 
needle revolve four or five times. 

Sect. 6. Coloured ringe obbnned on melalUe 
plates bp^ diteharget of the torpedo. ^tha 
whole oi the observations, above described, 
made by le Fere Linari, and with his own in> 
struments, lead him to think, that the proper- 
ties of the 4tlectrical currents of the dlsdiarge 
of the (oroedo utproach especially galvanic cur- 
rents. With the intention of cunrimrating 
that opioUm, be remarks, first, that there is a 
great analogy, almost an identity, in the effects 
which those cnrrents produce on an animal; 
they benumb the part which receives the shock; 
secondly, that to ostimate those corrents, the 
lention a iriiich is.very weak, only a very de- 
licate oondwi sating electroscope must be em* 
plmed; thirdly, that those currents experience 
u lawrnptioa lapaMioK thnmglidiitillod ud 



pump water, like ordinary galvanic currents ; 
lourutly, and finally, that there is also almost 
identity in the ease with which they pass 
through galvanometric wires, even not var- 
nished with gnm lac To justify this view of 
the subject, the author endeavooied to prodoce 
with the cnrrents of tho torpedo tha coloured 
rings which L. Nobill 1mA. obtiJned with thoso 
of the pile. He used an apparatus dmilar to 
the one used by that illustrious natural phi- 
losopher ; and succeeded, not only with large 
and vigorous torpedoes, but with an animal of 
imaJl dimensions. The coloored rings, of dear 
and distinct prismatic colours, were easily <*- 
talned with the sdntion of aoetite of lead. 
When they were prodnoed on oxrdable metals, 
they did not resist friction so well as NobiU's ; 
but they adhered well to eutor« fiAmc, the fric- 
tion of the band, or of doth, not tarnishing 
their splendour. These experiments were tried 
several times, and always with more or less 
sacceas; andlndneele Fere Unarl to bdieve» 
that be shall be able hereafter to obtain unl. 
fwm ooleun with stnwg and wdl-fiad torpedoes. 
Those which he used in the whtde course of his 
experiments were 44 in nnmber, and of frnra 
about 6 to about 11 indioa In diameter. 

OBOLOGICAI. lOCIITT. 

F^nvAET 6. Rev. W. Whawell, president, ' 
In the chair.— A paper, * On a FrobaUe Causa 
of certain Earthquakes,* by M. Louis Albert 
Neiier, was read. M. Nedter Is of opinion, 
that the falling down of the roofs of caverns, 
made by the solvent or erosive powers of under- 
ground bo^es of water, may account for some 
of those aarthquakee wUdt havo no parent 
connexion with volcanic aoticm. The effects, 
he CMiotivee, may be in part produced by the 
blow of the detached mass on the subjacent solid 
strata, and tartly by vibrations in the ^r con. 
tained in toe caverns. He mentioned, on the 
authority of M. Vlrlet, an instance of a sliock 
similar to that of an earthquake^ tft in a coal- 
mine by the giving way of some subterranean 
woriu at the distance of a quarter of a league. 
He also noticed Instances of effects exhibited on 
the surface of the ground by the sinking in of 
andent mines, sod he expressed a wish that 
records of such events shonld be preserved and 
published, for the sske of comparison with other 
phenomena. M. Necker referred to several 
printed listi of eMtbqiiakee, and shcwod that 
some of them were fiut In districts which, on 
account of tbdr geological stracture, may con- 
tain vast caverns. Among the documents of 
this natare, be induded that of M. Rtsso. On 
comparing the dates of the shocks experienced 
near Nice with those of renewed eoetgy in 
Etna and Vesnrins, he found that some of the 
earthquakes preceded, by very short intervals, 
poweiful eruptions ; but that in a great many 
Instances they mear to have been qnii» 
independent of vmcanic action, and that a 
contiderabia nnmber of periods of activity, both 
in Etna and Vesuvius, had no eflect on the 
ooontry around Mice. Ho therefore thinks 
it is not improbable that that town may be 
placed within the influence of Etna and Ve- 
surius, and may have experienced earthquakes 
doe to volcanic q>erations, bat that standing 
on deports whldt may contain caverns, many 
of the shocks may have resulted slmi^y from 
Internal subsidences : be is farther of opinion, 
that some of them may have iwoceeded from a 
union of the two causes, the undermined snr- 
boe baring rendered perceptible sU^t volcanic 
operations which would not otherwise have 
been felt. H. Necker, from these and na- 



90 



THE LITfiRARV GAZBTTB, AKD 



tiiTM dasHi of eirUiquiket i mm due to nib- 
Bidflnea in the ewth, •nother to Tolcauie igeney, 
mA s thirA to anion of tlie other two. 



XOOLMICJU. BOCIBTT. 
Ijokd BuTBrnooKl In ibe fAidr^Th« nstul 
moncliljr tneettng took phoe oq Thonday after- 
iiooo. Bdum curled to aooovnt, Feb. Ist, 
1163/. 2t. id. Vinton to gardena ud mu. 
eouiB daring Jenawjr, 2800. The report itBted 
that thwe no dooht timt tte Smile 
riraft In the Sodefy's edhodim wm iriA 
yovLBf. It further itated that die ooondl had 
on^raneeday oht^aed, by poxehaae, a male 
cUmpameew He is firem dghteea mmitbs to 
two yean old, and appenn to be In good health. 
_ Ameogit the donatiima raoently made to the 
SocHty is a hornet's nett, from Ceylon, fi«> 
aenled by the Right Hon. 8. M^KmbI^ the 
gantaor^ it naamUes an tmmenae ooae, flve 
or eix feet la leuth, and of correeponding eir. 
- onmfennet at the baee* U oontuu hmomer* 
able littb edli, Uko a honeycomb. 



BOTAKICAL SOCIXTT. 

Febboabt 1. Mr. J. B. 6my, preriJUot* In 
the ohaIr._AAer the ordinary bodnem, Dr. 
H.A. MeeteBfendape^^OBthsFormatloa 
ef Learei>' danylnc the troth of th«lr origin aad 
taatare as deseribed in wrenl dementary boti^ 
taioalweduofcenddenUerepate. Dr.M.dls- 
puta the stated &ct that lesrea aie expansions 
of the back. In esofem, he mTS, the bwdc It 
oompoead of two portkns— an exterior ooatlng 
of eeliolar intcgnnMBt, or the epidermis, and u* 
an interior llnlivof woody fibres oaDed the Uber, 
«r ianei bark. If learea be expamionB of the 
bu-k, they ntist either be expansions of the 
epidamis,eftheUber,orof battu Theycannet 
be of the ^idemis, bomnie they most then, of 
aeooirity, be oan^aoed entirely of cellolar ttisue, 
whareas they ara known to abovBd in vascular. 
Thay oBUMt be of the liber, beeanse, aooordiw 
tothethMcyofaplaatbeliiic Conned of a mul> 
titoda of bnds, or fixed embryos^ each having an 
IndsiMBdMUlifii, by the elopgatiMi of wbt^ op. 
vMds new branches are formed, and, down- 
wards, wood and bark, their elonntlon being a 
devekipemenc of leavaet learea enst prior to the 
fnmatian of bark, or fiber, and, cenaat^untly, 
eunothMipansiowofthellben. Nor, acco r din g 
to the other theory, attribntinr the formatftm 
of woody layero, fto. to the oae^MUHi, can leans 
be expansiooa ot the Ubv ; beoaose they most 
exist before any semUom can be formed, and of 
'ooorse long before any barii is Cormad— 4U by 
'this theory, that snbitaaea Is rappooad to orf. 
ginate from the cambiom. Neltkorlnaadogans 
<oaa leav^ be aeipansioas of the bark, for if tUs 
vara the ease, that daw of pUnU being dattitocv 
of bark, eeold have no leam. In relation to 
this class, the a^oments were amplified. In 
condanea, Dr. Mewan coositeed leaves te be 
Ihe essential parU of a plant ; they aodsc in the 
aaabryoi sjid, by expanding and nnfctld in g them- 
aolvai, andinp a^ throng the ladiclai; and, 
harbig aapoaed it ta Ae aeliao of the air ami 
l%h^ eoBvart a pordsn of It into proper 
Jmea.'* A bod is a series of these oi^ant ar- 
raimad amind an axis « and. as thia axis elon- 
gates, the leaves become rmaovad from each 
oAer, ud ia thds axiiia, other buds are ftwnied. 
A dwt is nothing mote than a mutUtnda el 
boos, or fixed aodtrwa, sendiag thalt roots 
idewnwarda, to form Uu bark and wood. The 
leaves then Bbonld be considered the most e»- 
•eotial part of the plant, from which all its 
other parte are either directly or indirectly 
foTBMd; thay am mic aqransionB oCany thing, 
Init aery Inpartut oiganff baring, aa it wara, a 



diatloct azisleooe of didr own. The reading of 
tbti paper lead to a ioag diecuenon. 



LITBKAKT AW ABABITBD. 



These translatfooe are exacirte^ tn sf 
s^riled at)^B, and avlnes moeh tdfent, aa weu 
ae aft extenire aeunsluianca bollk wMh Ae 
AnMa tut An^Mi uiigiiagaB> 



VKrvxRsiTT nrTKi.i.toavcE. 

CAMBSiD oa, JamiuT 31.— Hie flflovlng iignt wcee 
ooaftmdi— 

HMwntrr UwmtjfAM. — Ttim Uta. J. T. H. Sattoa, 
TriDttj Collon i at J. H. LigfaKm. Bart, St ieba't 
Conen I A. C ll^vUk, Trtehy Cb«^ 

Daettm to DtoMb-^to*. t. W. WcwtMemsn, TriaUy 
Colbgvi IUt. a. flodtwwdb CMhadne HdL 

HkMU- ^Jrf^U. S. Cote, CkriM^ Qrikn. 
^^nw^Ktag, M.A., o( Htuw ai CDlli|er Oata^ wu 



BOTAX. AUATMC eOCIXTT. 

Fn. a. Mr Oeorge Thomas Staaaitoo, Bart. 
U.r. rioe-pretideot, in thedmirk-.Tha Secsa. 
tary mad an interesting review efthe " Mu. 
kamat Hariri,** with soma extnets, iiainleimT 
into English, by Ur< W. F. Thonpsow, of tkm 
Bengal Civil Serrtee. The raview eMai 
bcgidy into the difladtr oC prapariy appae 
dating saeh a work aa the " Mukamaa," af 
whkh tiie great beauty oondstadla Uwstjda, 
whidi mnst noeeomrily dimppaar la ■ tnma> 
don. The dngubw stale of Am Ktarary aadatr 
of Arabia, as- i t aidMBd in dm ftmaA aaMaay af 
the Hegira, was described, whoB tha loam 
met in thdr wiena trfliaa fisr pMssephlcal, 
raligioiUi and Utarary dlmosston, and miMn 
men of talent and twIdaeM wandered from dty 
to city, GOQteiting the palm of eloqnence in 
every nlaca they visited, and living opim the 
rewaru larfahad apoa thdr nienia. Thb 
conditi<m of iodety nataiaIty|iroduMdasat of 
idle and nnprindpled, bet talent ed man, who 
made nich a mode of Dfb thdr only profesaloa ; 
who were by tarns aUntt, philosopher*, and 
Impostors; and who sameClmes devoted thdr 
powers to the greatest, and sometifflsi to the 
meanest, of purposm. Such a one ii the mib> 
Ject of the " Mukamat," named Abosdd. This 
man, one of the moat eminent of his line, " ie 
conducted through tfty tales, embodying dlf- 
(hrent soenes, characters, and partjdpatoro, re* 
appearing in as many different forms at the 
commencement of eadi ; gllmmaring through 
the disguise as the mat«hiess devd^Mment of 
Imposture proceeds, and rereded te na at tha 
termination in all Uie dignity of hu effhintanr, 
the tame unequalled adept in reHgloa as fn 
Aiaud." The wid of the hfatory of Abnzdd is 
eorions, and characteristic of the superstitioue 
creed of tlie Modems. He is working on the 
fediast of the people of Bassora by toudimc 
^peau to heaven, and prnera fbr gmce ana 
paidtm, an in tha way af^hli professfon, in 
order to reap a mom abonAmt harvest of alms, 
wlwn saddnily, against his wish, his petition 
is granted, and He becomes all at once a real 
sdnt ; his deonitloa is. gtme, and, with it, hia 
trade. Abuxeid now returns to his native 
town, wheaa he pames Uie remainder of his 
days in the uistem and secluded pnctlee of his 
religious dntim. Tlie stories are put into the 
month' of Harls ben Hamaiam, wlto is the 
friend, and, at the same tim^ the dupe of 
Abuseid ; who admires him, and wishm for his 
sodet^, and yet who never meets him wldioui 
soffering in Us parse for the pleasure of his 
company. Harts is himself a man of conn- 
darable Dtwary aoqtrirements, but greatly iu> 
filrior to Alnudd, who, at the end of each ide, 
when fiouad out in fanpodog on his friend, 
caniea it off with ease and Inweranoe, orwfdi 
a poetical apology which more than atones for 
the offence. Some extracts were given, trans- 
lated in tlm peculiar metra and ravine of the 
original, whidi alone any diing fike an idea 
of dm work of HaiM can ba ooaunani»leA 



aocTK r f or AwrwiMma- 

Wt. Rahtltoit, !n die eh^r^Wr. 

Donbleday ezhibtled a figure in terra eoOt of a 
reeombent Amde, about Ahtrni inches long, 
found in dTg^ng §at k sewn in Fenobardi 
Street, aboDt d^taan feat bdov the snrfiMe— 
Mr. Agnew commnnicaied an aoconnt of aoom 
Greek monumental inscrh)tIons foand hi a 
family catacomb in Afaxandrfa, accompanied by 
a plan of the catacomb, and codes of the in. 
sertpdxms. Ther wmw dated eany in the third 
canenry of the <ltri8tieai era, and It was sup- 
posed mat die penons referred to were ChrfsC- 
laaa, and had ahated in the parsecatioa of 
Diocletian. _ 

cnnamr avs arravrnm macrmmt 

Mmt^l^KmA OaMMMEaL » r-K 

'BiiKua— fer* iHdSai and eWMndsl* ai a^»: 
CiTil Snfiaam, 8 p.m.; SocMr of Aru (UliHtTaHoMa. 
Mr. T. SSviM on cmtaito (br Badgn, tn.) air^ 

aJ» a ws>» Llims» teail Canallli%»».*> Ob 

ftilaf. Oanlotfcal lAMivMHty), 1 Rap* la. 
m»a» Royal mmmk i na. i mMf < 



vtftFToasviv DMwnrs'* 
Ak esMemad friend of oars, advertfiag to iSe 
aoDonnti of the New Arc fn our last, stuea, 
that thirty years ago he, in conjunction widi 
two other artists, were earnestly engagaiT lb 
making experiments (fmihn- to those we have 
described. He mys, *^ Somr of riie remlta 
irikidi we ditahied from ptaster of Arb caeca, 
and from.I{^ although Imperfbct, were abaa- 
latdy startling, and I Mt upon a mode (by tbe 
dd u diluted nitric add] of artmtlng the ope- 
ration of the solar llght^ after it had acconi- 
pUahed all required of it. BVenmdIy, how- 
ever, the fatal drcomstnnee tliat the effects 
produced were the reverm of true — that which 
ought to have been Uadc ramdidim whlt^ and 
that which ought to have been whits becoming 
bladt—addad to the pressure of oor respective 
avocations, indaoed as to reBnqaidi our au 
teD^tts." . . . A provokiog thought has 
just stnick me, iriilch, if It had' occorred In 
180S, midlt, peradvantnra, have ptaeed me and 
my two fnands in tha porition nowoocnpfed by 
Mr. Tdbot and M. Dkguam. If^ after ob- 
tainiog an imaoe on tha mnriata of sihtor, and 
preventing the further operation upon it of the 
sdar light, we had ezpceed' fAof imag* in son- 
rtUne, and had obtained an image qf the imag* 
on a fresh fidd of muriate of silver. Introduced 
into the camera obscun fbr the porpoee, die 
whole eflSsct (flight and'shade wwdd hava bean 
raettaed:>* 

This it exactly w;bat Mr. Tdbot las dne, aa 
we noticed in the instance of hit ^* View of 
Venice," from an engraving. Aod,dpro|Mwof 
the subject, we bdieve that it is the violet my 
of light which is the most instrumental in pro- 
dndng the aflteti peoiBar co **^the Maw Ait.'* 

iBXTtsR iiraTiTUTroir. 
(SsMod noUce.) 

Thb vulgar provub declares that ** seeond 
tbooghts are best." It is a<oowafdiy and pHi> 
fulnW of left-haada^ wiadomrnndwe have 
ahmya jjjtm^ Am SSi i^ tl^ fat » 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LEmES. 



91 



nun'a mind be la a healthy and prauerly dts. 
dplined tutfl, and there it aodiiBB wte a fint 
impraMion. So far fa the asatimption that 
■MODd tboogbto are bMt from bdng fouodad in 
fact, that we are peraaadod the very ivrene ii 
the cim; uid tlwt It nigkt be rnadk. more 
confidently MWrfd that eeoOBd thott^ta are 
worst. How maay BOMe and genennu send* 
ments and projects bare Mcood uioughta cblUed 
and degraded ioW groralUi^ aw common- 
place feeling* and eondnet ! 

Our Ncond tbooAtt of fbe pr«ient exUU- 
tlon at the Britlih Gallary ait not better than 
were the first dioDghni^ wbidi we ekpnesed 
last Saturday for Aey ate the same. We 
think xnr, m we thoogfat then, ^ that It is not 
only honeoiaN* to S^iah irt* hot powesi c s 
jrictani which no tfiasr Kbool In the world 
oMU equal ;*^-*a rwDoark equally wpficable to 
the pictures which have aiqpemd M6n^ and 
to thoee which are now, f<x the flrat dttt, p». 
seoted to the poWkh f(»obvi«MMHoni, w« 
shaH o«nfiM <mr paitieofao' ohl W f llu i M ptin- 
dpidl^ to Ae latar. 

k M oar gwMtsd oMge to iMgfai with the 
ntmlel of th* North Hoom ; but, while «• 
daawoiving ta aaka aur wqr to 1%, «or attte. 
tian WM IihUmA^ Anrtd ta a {ilecnn vMdi 
we hare already named ; via. 

119. Dufft. E. tM dee w, KJk — hi thb 
striMng and Mtmctive perfontaanee, a fim 
apanfah blaodhoolnd, and a Sootoh wira-haired 
terrier, are r e p r eaeut e d lookiBg fma Ae -door 
oflMrltiinHlin mA pvftet nAfl^Mahnott 
to anout to deesfrion » added to which, the 
ooMrsst betwosa Cb« wfaall la«(ii^ hmy ; 
the oae gravely oonadooa of |WMr, ne oumt 
waeplsh mi impertioentt— .wa wMder he don't 
bark. As a work of ut, It la enoo^ to aay 
that ft Is equal to any of the highly gilted 
artist's former prod a ottOMa. 

Having esc^ed from tUs oanine ftacfnation^ 
we shaH DOW proceed mait c■glllarit^ 

3. The Sinat Fai^rmgn. J. Cweott Hors^ 
ley— Here are, bdooging to tau peceon, two 
iiamea, neitlwr of whitSL we have ever thou^t 
of without re^Mct and admiration. Mr. 
Horsley has iUustratad Ae interesting story 
of the contaet between the liird and the mu- 
sioan in a atyfe of «aei!utioa tbatuast tank 
Ilia parfoimanoa in A* fint dtgwi of eaoal- 
leoce. The cauvaae represents an Interior, 
whidi (like the ehanning ploture by dw aanw 
aU* :roanf artiK that we notieed two yean 
ago), in brilliant colooring, aid deceptive B^t, 
may vfit widi the ben prodoctions of l)a 
Boom. In this apr tm n t . ate seen a beauttfnl 
femue, and a yoiith ~one of the riral jier- 
fanners, who has susMnded his music Bath 
ar« attentively liktaniDg to the ftathared vo. 
caUtt ; who, h is wtll-knOTm, fell a victim to 
his honourable emulation {-.the sad type of 
many a hif^^apiriied hunaa being, 

I. Aasfe, SwUmrlmnd. G, Jenee, RJL~ 
In this, as in similar snbjeels tiaaied 1^ llr. 
Jonas, we And the mm perfeot cbaiietai sf 
the picturesque, united with the aaMTridi and 
taadoa t ing ttyle of handling 

II. ^ttticipolion. T. Welister. ~ Of this 
title (aa of some otheri In the catalague) we 
shoiila ny to those who have not visUad the 
gallery, ''Do yon give it up? "-.yon do! Well 
than, gentle nate, the anticipation is one 
whidh yon have no donbt oftra indulged, and 
which, we tnHt, yon will eftesiindolga •^tBdn, 
— dke gntiftMtian of a good dinner. The 
feeling la bam eniesa t d, not by the silent 
though very intelllgtUe twinkling ef the ey« of 
a eoafinDed |0ttfwuBd; H wiaiuftita Itadf hi 
ibe haar^ gm of ■ ginqi of ymiig lutio^ 



who^ from the doer of dielr oote^anfli^eriy 
watohlng the approaah nf a hoge nwat pie. 
WUle ue eunnion is tme to the Ufe, Ae 
scenery fa eqoally tnre to Inanimate natnre. 

23. Stmfy tff a Femtde Htad. Mn. Car* 
penter.— .Madonna-like and pensive In its cha- 
racter, the beaaty and harmony of this lady'a 
pencil have nenv been more vnecHrfsDy dii- 
pbiyed than In the attradtin work before Qs. 
Iia Bn^atm ahewi to noent exeOOion t and 
iCbm win enfcancc Its vahifc 

Iff. FiUarie$ Sorrttttltio. S. tufei^.— 
Ahhongh dmflar In some rejects to the cha- 
raeterinic stoffies of thh artfft, we have never 
seen any by Urn the flesh of wU<A has been so 
trarapareut, and so carefully finished. It Is 
thnmriioot a brilliant and dear medmen df 
Mr. inskipp^ powera, both In «flM and in 
odooiing. 

CTsBscaattaisd.] 



TixwB or wmsos. aits t«a iimitoits. 
Ws hna sew qnAnene ef a vuluiaa, pnpBT' 
hig for pabHsailon by Hv. M«I«ean, to be 
entUed " Wtodaar, with Its anRonBding 
Scenery, the Parin, the Hubms, and Eton 
Colkge, Ae. ' Thmn in Uthogtaphy, wi& Ae 
laie In^revemenM fai the deaUe tlaia^ by 
J. B.Pyne." Windsov and its ndghboorhoad 
nadonbtedly preaant asaoy pictoNaquet magnl- 
fieent, and lAaming snbjeeta <w lite pnoii f 
and, if we may judge firon the a p e ci ne n B 
beCcKiena, the . prpjeoiadworh will be worthy of 
the high reputation aa an Mtal wUalt Mr. 
Pyoe haa alnady acquired. 



Wx (txpreised a wfah, In oar last Knmber, that 
the legitimate Drama should be supported, aa it 
oi^t to be, by the hlgtier, and indeed by all 
orders in aodety; but we otmfiBSs that we are 
not so greatly astonished at such asenUment 
being aa yet inadequately developed. Public 
fading is generally, and. In matters of this idnd, 
which do not appeal at oaoe fordblv to the 
passiODS, always slowly matured. Tne stage 
had gradually sunk to so low an ebb, that tarn 
most BtreonoUB efforts to turn the tide ooold 
only hofe ftir a gradual rise. It lad ceaaad to 
bo a national eoneem, and, like a drowned 
body in which life U all bat extinct, it required 
a world of trouble and exertion even to revive 
the lingering spark of ezisteuco. But also like 
the reuisdtotcd corpse, when once agaiu re- 
stored to animation, it wilt naturally assooie 
alt its fbrmer functions, and move, ast, and 
have a beingwortby of ita high and impcwtant 
vocation. Thus, thanks to Macready, the per. 
Bonification in himaelf of the Humane SocMty, 
as far as the restoiatioa of the Diama to lifs u 
implied, we have a National Theatre ; and 
we have wlutt no other aatiui can have, we 
have Shakapere Leaviiy tlia arena and the 
amphitheatre to wild beasta and glanta (we 
mean no dimnMBHot to the latter, who fa 
pwfectly In his (uaoe^ u»d vary amoringly em 
ployed at the Addphi), it is, we think, of es< 
•ential oonse^nnoe to na, if we really believe 
what every body aavs of the Drama, that it 
should have KKne pUce of refuge some stage, 
whereon to eshibit iu nmal attdbateo, to 
hotdf at tf WfM, tha mhror tip fe nofatw; to 
thew eMtw her o«n Jtatw, «iwm iter ossn 
tnMi^, and tbt «8iy agt mud bodjf qfthe fiiM, 
his farm and preeswr.*' 

Unless this lie an almost tmiVMval opinion. 
We have no right to sail mnelvea a highly 
dviliaed peoile, or, in tet,any otiur thu a 
poople aeBBDSmting^ u the Rooiiis of oM 



when they became devoted to cruel sports and 
spectadea. Into diaaolatMiesa and borbairiiBi. 

miese tiioaghu preaented lhemseIv«B ttrongljr 
to oar mind on Friday evening, when we mk 
hdd oar yoang, gentle, and iweet-looklag 
Queen in her box at Covant Garden Tfaaatre, 
and heard the ahouts of her loyal n)^Jaett< 
All seemed to be order, and gracefolaeM, Am 
beaotv, and sptendour, and generous sympathy. 
The nooa^ thanks to the provtdMua ot ita 
Biani^atnent, was not allowed to ha «rDwdi& 
beyond ita o^adty, by dlaafpoiotfld and, oon^ 
aeqneaUf, noisy and boisterous specters. 
Haatce the idea of order amidst the tumults of 
applause. The sovereign heradf won the ad" 
miratioQ of all who saw her, by tiie qniet- 
BOdasty of hn dnneanour and the oaaffeoted 
dwriidty of her connHnanoB and locfca. Heacv 
the ideas ofgraoeAilaa»and baanCy* Her anr- 
roonding atale^attendance of high notnlity, and 
the vest of the boxes filled with the sank and 
fMhlon of onr great metropolU, waa grand and 
knpoting. Henoe the idea of aplaadour—of 
splendour nndUad to batbanc pomp, and well 
Iwficting a free and wealthy country. Ai^ 
budy, the ahoota from every portiea of th« 
koosa—froB boaea, pit, galleries, and stage (thB 
latter oocapied by viiitoia who were permitted 
to offer this tribata d'raqMet while the national 
anthem was sungj, waia of a Idnd to warm 'the 
coldest heart. Henoe the nwet gratifying and 
glorious idea of all, — the idea of gaaeroua 
sytnpaihv, between a vcryintereiting Cxeature* 
set hy Fortune aim tha hjgheit pedartal of 
humanity, bo^rt inth oatei and liaUi to aora 
rows«-heneet wt aay, the Idea <tf onenma 
snimathy betwaan thaft irmlle fiun m which 
aiu the dangera of nu^y adi enahrinad> and tt 
manly, bdd, and (with all thdr &alu) * 
ehivairouB and high-ffiinded peopl*. 

If we art to continaa witnaaaes of aeanes 
Hke this, the Drama In lla^tren^. Its poetry, 
and Its .poritv, must he austaiaed. No such 
fitelings can be entertained In companionship 
with savage brutes, w in view ^ the emblems 
of that Buwe aame ■ t ra at aen t whaoh muat 
have o'armaatarad UMfar natuaas. Befi aw ae nfe 
cannot o»*esiat with bnitdity, ner aaaiable 
maaam with Aide pUaaore^ nur henavoknae 
with dnimvcd taatea, nor aadal liappilnaaa with 
deaaonfieatioB. Let as ponder theae things,, 
and oanaidar what and how nmoh ana dae to 
dba DMBsa aa one of tha auac obriana and 
popular meaae to a gveat and .deaiMbte end. 

Having- peaned the Caregoiag nmarka, wanw 
ftemthepleasore weaxperianaad «n the ocoa- 
aion laferred to, wa cannot .tail wkh how.madi 
vwntws haaad of thatidt aflur unfatty on 
Jlunday to Dmry -Xana, to wJoMaa the publie 
fiaadlag of the tendons aaiowla -lexUUted 
tfaaca, aa thua, with genuine ahawnan slaMy 
aaneuBoad in tha UUa i ** The Trained Anima&f 
in thdr aatnial and most faradooa ohaaotar, 
will bafed in preaaaoe of.ibe andtaaae " Sanir 
ihia ia ill-adviaed. Itiaaotontyan nnqtMenly, 
butarade, not to aay » vulgar speclaole t wd 
moat unfit to be onnntenaneed by tha royal pre- 
sence of a youtb&iLfamde. Wliafease butchers* 
boys and huli-baitaaa to take delight in, if thdr 
ooBgMual spaata aae thuatobe.miBdepaftiflaof 
thanatsBBw daaa 



•"Ttotnw.lhpMyi 



The ne xt s tep wffl be combats among the beasts, 
and then combats between- Aim and men : * 



' lCaiay)MWH*M;lnnnyofadiMMaratUMti«i. 



92 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE. AND 



the lut tigta of a degenerate and bnitallsed 
people. What throne can deaire sobjeets of tUi 
description ; but it not, no Mtrereign shonld pa- 
tronise and enconrage nicli demoraliung sights. 

At the other house, the noble and affectiog 
tragedy of Lgar was performed, and we rejoice 
to say to a crowded theatre. What a contrast 
was here ! The wide range of homan passions 
laid bare by the master-spirit of the world ; the 
deepest of hnman sympathies excited and exer. 
cised. The Tamer of nomaii natnre here dis- 
played his marvellons powers ; and the andience 
were taught to feel for virtue in distreu, for age 
in misoT', ibr loyalty in adnnity) for filial piety, 
and gratitade, and afftedon lomy tried. Fi- 
lially, to witness treachery punished and crime 
requited. These are leesooa fit for the stage, 
and a rational people. 

St. JamMt't TAtofrtf opened on Monday under 
a new Management. There are beasu here 
also. 

Adt!phU—Jms LmtUfy adapted from Mr. 
Smith's novel of that name, was produced on 
Monday. It was well received, and has been 
played daring the week to crowded hoosea. The 
principal character, Jaiu Lonax, Is snstahwd 
by Mrs. Yates : it is a trying part ; and It is 
no small tribnte to her talentt to find the sym- 
pathies of the audience enlisted on her side ; 
the more so as her crime is imrepented of 
until the death of the object for whom it has 
been conunitted. Her acting is most affecting 
and effective. The conscience-stricken Lomax 
is a part tnited to Mr. Lyon ; he both looks 
and acts it well. Mr. Beverley, in a comic part, 
and Mrs. Keetey, his wife} are very drotK Hr. 
O. Smith, too, does the utmost ne can for a 
heavy part, not very well drawn fw him. In. 
deed, we regret to tee these dever penoni 
wasting so much really good acting upon any 
thing sonearly approaching pantomime; thousD 
we are bound to say it is impossible to resist 
laughing at them. Mr. Collins sings a good 
sea son^ and Mn. Kealejr a smarny written 
QOmie one. 

Quartett Coneertt. — FwrA Seaton' — On 
Thursday evening the first of these concerts 
took place at the Hanover Square Rooms ; it 
was well attended, and the chdoe of music 
excellent. AqnarteUinEflat,byUendeIaK)hn, 
admirably performed by Messrs. Blagrove, 
Oattie, Dando, and Ijocas, was deservedly en- 
cored. A grand duett of Onslow's was played 
with taste and execution by the Misses Braad- 
hurst. A romance by Schubert (*'In dlent 
Wo")wasexquiritelysttngbyMr.BaUiBb We 
have eddom heard any thing more baantifiil. 

VAKIBTias. 

A LandrM was, it is stated, shot about a 
fortnight ago near Ware ham. It Is a remark- 
able fact in the natural history of this rather 
delicate bird, if It has wintered with us, 
though the winter up to the period mentioned, 
has been graerally and unusually mild. 

Ammkm Ntwtpapert^lhit editor of die 
*^ Peoria Register," a wcU-oondueted p^er in 
the Btata of Illlaois, Western America, an- 
nminoed on the 1st of Inst December, *^ That, 
is consequence of his being so much oocnpied 
in removing, he wu only al^, on that day, to 
print half a sheet instead of • whole one. 
Another odltor, in die aamo banlsphei^ fn- 
Ibrmod his reader! some dma ago, ** That Us 
attendance upon his sick wife and children, 
rendered it necessary for him to suspend the 
printing of his paper altogether until their 
recovery ; adding, that he had no ont to assist 
htm in any department of hU t^abMimtnt* 



IngenioM Modet qf Re^nff.—U eeems die 
opinion of the present age, that we are not 
only vasdy superior In wU things to our an- 
cestor^ but that mechanical knowledge is the 
charaeterisdc mark trf our advancement. The 
barbarians, as the Romans diose to term all 
people save themselves, were, however, in many 
instances, thtat masters, and Imparted to them 
many of the arts, on which they sometimes ad- 
mirably improved. Among tlie inventious to 
facilitate agricuttural labour, to which it might 
be tliought there was no parallel to the nine- 
teenth century. It Is surprising to find a ma- 
chine which equals any ddng whldi modem 
mechanism has produced. In Logan's "Scot- 
tish Gael," we are tdd that, " While the 
Romans reaped their com wl^ a sickle, the 
Oauls, whoee fields were remai^ably lai^, 
went to woik in a more expeditions manner, 
and cut down thaircropa by means of a scythe 
mad widi both hands, an imnl«Mnt for which 
we Uuu Mem to be indebted to these people. 
They bad also another ingenious method of 
cnttuig down their lamst fields, iriiicb shews 
not alltde perfoction in the mechanlixl arts. 
A large machine, resembling a van, was oon- 
stmcted, in whidi a horse was yoked so as to 
push It before him. The sides were furnished 



TatiMSsHsbwtHhNtxjtirl. 
isDWtOSlaUM IMilie came raiUtd. 
uuc ilH (he diDUHt bUa< 

ri s kwin ttidmng tiiH i-^ 

Vpnui pniUri for ih<i! 

H'ram Mcl««G^r. '>•< " ADttHdOlJs.'} 
Tell Jnr, ctupI miCTtj why, 

LHVlng kll 'the flfiwfTf. nf iiiiinf;, 
TtiQiL lioit ^oow- ttt Hiiitcr T\igh 

L'tilot'l tar wiJi curioLu wli^ r 
Dutt Ihnu camm In IfU her boH 

Cupkd bc&n I nhte fot all. 
How in buiicy dipp'tl. nod aon 

&lpp'il [ntrituiHHiadBsur 
At, 'Ui trut— m:<r cum wu right > 
^/jMt tlw iMiej thmi asiomii 'bw 

'-Xuao Hwi lo her MnA mi.' 



In Ou Pmt, 

Sbsmu'i ttLHnnucJ'sHii CoUcgv, CambtmbwrlUn 
tn IfiBf. eiUCea front t&s AuEaoavb In thTubnrv of 
Kiani:ollifp,'En> J. 0. HslLfmir, Evi-^i itf Jisas Callsgeb 

LI<IT or SEW BOriXBr 

A Tjiv.i ir .in <;f.il,!(!y, In- J CMiDi^i, F.1LS. G£, 
•2 T..;.. f.i'jr. iivii. ii'jili manv tini, Ftqton OH tbs 

I.I . !..cv cf i.i>rnwsl|, lifvjjn, an.i rt^r STtiinot, by H. 
m Is Ik-dit, F,R-S, dt(. HI'.'. — hcm.a.-liiipirtTWMBt, 
><■- Mil J. 5«nilipid, idii. ] L.il. livu, 7(. Sri.— 

(I'jhj^ation BniL ElleDl i^f Htirrunily i1n;(cs, hf W. 
Viiui.lt, iMt Bilk tih — BaltoL, the Rev. SydiMy Anitht 
bva ii.lii.—Viomtn u cu Mild, Horali, llHriui. te. 



with sharp teeth m knives, and this carriaga i ^>y ^^n. n'nikrr, '>'■<- isi.— Marninsi u Bowstncc. 
bdng dri»n into the fi«M, die ean of com ! -",7^- ^-r-^-^^^^ 

were cut off, and, at the same time, were thrown, vui. ii.: the iiliinp. Ttimu. »nd Bwien. ijhno. j 




IK. tT M - .- 

partieolarlv describe the machine. :u.e-L - ouuiiin i iL.cr,|Ui.i- ■■(r,^.£,^y.h.,\?jT uac- 

AUjKyrajiA|r.—iur. James rnnsep, the score- witk T*t* vipwun. nj- it. Lruinirtank. \:o%t avo. at. id. 
laryof the AiladcSodety of Bengal, by whose —the cbriitMn viilh^ci'i c-'Mc. i-r a Cv^wij. isow. 
««r«rdin«ying«uity,indust^^^^^ «al « f; '^^ ^:^J::\;iJr;^J:i,^r^^ 

much has lately been aocomplished in Indian Mu.iy „f nie Holy smptiueh bi Mi^ i;. ArbudiDot. 
archnology, has employed a new method of '"""^ ~Htr. J. Hsmbleion. cn Pf«L>u«tka te 
Uook.prindng, for the purpwe of exhibiting moii, iinic».4F.-Sfrnom,Ji««rinJ>mll^cwikal.b/the 
facsimiles of coins. Taking tiie hint from the Rex: w. HwHth, iWG- «* M — TNc PriMMMortba 
practice of Mussulmans of nink..wha anolv '"o^a* — ■'i'>™J»niB«'ih'« seleci Woiis, ihmu 

thdr aeali. In Hon of signatures, to wntten do- 
cuments, not as we do, by an impression on 
wax, but by smearing the surface of the seal 
with ink, and printing in the manner of a typ^ 
so as to leave on the paper white letters on a 
blade field— he determined to try the eneri- 
ment of taking from Mohammedan cmns (wnich 
are almost invariably confined to letter mottoes) 
a counterpart of the die In •ealing-wax or type- 
metal, and using them for ink im^vsnons 
along with the ordinary letter*typO: the ab- 
sence of elegance being more than compensated 
by the scrupolous fidelity of the representation. 
His lucceu was enconraging, and he has now 
prepared for the press a vast number of coins 
from various ooUecdons in this novel and sim- 
ple manner. SpecimeDfl of a few are |^*<n In 
the Society's Journal ; they ate nimdendy 
clear and distinct to serve the purposes re- 
quired. Mr. Frinsep has pven to this new 



ner, S rnU. flifo. va*.— ."^tiidiHi. i.r AiiH to Preach- 
ing, LSma. i>, ~* I^clljticitis Pailln in Cikclutd, by It. 
VkuiHaii, [J.D.iindHvii. It.— l?<iinei[l.c ri^cfiicniD RuMla, 
by ttiD ilrv. It. L, Ynultlm, ]Kn[ bvo. I'l. IM. — Ignstla. aaa 
•ahet Pnptm, Uv Miity .\. Htiiwiip, jiiue IWn. U- Stf.— F. £. 
I'n..:''fi l.iTiiiri- 'Iiiuiik I';if(ki>i »v„k, iL'inn, 4a. At — 
l:uulvEDcy I'raiticu, lij W. 11. s^dilerovc, l^ino. A*.; 
Ditto, ditto, with the Act, llBUX 6i. tL—Kraa^t Biana- 
phy or ths Early Chutdi, Sc«md 8«c)«> befaw Vol. XV. 
of tb« '• ThsdHkal Utaan," lhaa. 6t.—lfaW Utile 
BaokorBrtaUQnsdrtmd^lfcMt Ditio, dtt£ii« Utdiw 



HBTBOBObOaXOAIi tOVUWAh, 



Jmmart- 
Thunday .. 31 

fttrvvty. 
Friday 1 
Saturday •• i 
Sunday •••• 3 
Holiday " * 
Tustday •• s 
WsdasMlay ' 



ThffiNMNMr. 
Fnn IS to at 



17 
U 

30 

37 



w 

43 

4a 

43 



n« to »» 



B«8 

aiH» 



22 



WlBdhN.W.amlS.W. 

Except ths aftsraooB of (he Itt and monlna of tbc Sd, 

Invention the name of rapograpby, from fvwti, ' ^Som SSm^^T^ M^^'utf at ^tluw 
' sealing-wax.*— ulriaftc JounuU* CdDswIbc days. 

UavigabU £ntrmce U, lh» Mwrap^TUl 5?*^ ' 

entfanm to Lake AJaxandrlna and die Birw\tSSlSi^'a'sr»'V. 

Murray from the eea, had been thoropf^ly Looitmds.. a li w.ofOwsnwIdu 

explored by Capt. Gill, and found to be per- 1 i ■ . . ..i =ss 

fectlysafe and practicable, there being, at the TO OOltltasPOirDHirTS. 

shallowest part of the bar, more than three I We have to luie to PriDtaellen and Engnven who do 
fathoms a;d •boot^ven both ouuide and SJ^ie'^SZi^^rS^.^^S^JS^ilSSi^Sll^^^ 

1 — J. .u. n 4.1 IT — tj earelewiMi in the mode of iraiumlnkin. It U gtiav- 

ou« to tM onr cracked and torn ipccbnaoi o( flat wona in 
thit way. 

EaAara. — Na IIM, paga«, coL l. Una 3t, fbr " col- 
lege,' rMri "cottager p«e 73. coL 1. lint 90, JW •• » 
proGcn." rwpd " MM procmT' and line 31, JW " but w hlt^i 
appean to differ," nad which arldeMly dUEvtt" line 
aVtlnMrfto,* before "contiBOedr p.7a>coL 1. Unc6 
of the Drama, ;fer "Jokei," rmi "Joken:" line 15, la 



inside the channeL— Ort«nfti/ HeraU. 

FnmMtlMgir. 
As oo wlna of saure hua 
Through the mliet Cupid flaw i 
LcAia caniftt hlmt ne. he Ike. 
Kxpn piinxtv. in her eyes I 



laht OS (unun 



In the bdaht of ■ununet'i gkiw, 
Smat is walac oooM wHb mov. 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES 



93 



ADVBBTIBBMBHTB, 

Cmntttttl trith LUtrmturg and Iht Art*. 

HKITISH INSTITUTION, 

S t PALL HALL. 

n> tm tk* EcUMUmi m< «•!• ar tk« Warki Brii- 
M AittMb ii ddlTt ftM «M la »• MonliWtU rin !■ 

WILUAlFuiUf ABD, KMpw. 


HAXWKLI/8 UPB OF WILLtNQTON. 
Os ah* M «r May wtU apfw, a* P!IM h«t t< Iha 

T IFE or FIELD.MAR8HAL tlu DUKE 

±J *rWBU.IKOTOIf.K.O. *«.**. 

Bf W. U. MAXWELL, Bu. 
ABiboraf'BUrlMarWaUrtaa.'x'Tba BiToaae.'"' Vlciail** 

aTlba BritM Ami,'*e. **. 
TTKU'ink wlllbacampMadlB Tw(l*a Part* i aach Partbaaa- 
■irntircmiwiii.hadbj twa a* Hon hlsbl; Anlihad Ida* Bafrar. 
In(i im Sual, Aam ptalunt by th* SMM aniaaal llTtag and 
dicaaud Ariltn; and masT w*ll.«uaat*d Wsad XaniTlBCii 
IlimlTBliH efaatlTa aaiBailaTp***tBBi(. A pan vIlT b* pab- 
llihsd rwrj BlMnau BMiBlb, alaaaatl; ptialad la d^r Ita. 
prica at.i and Mftl *To. i*hb pro^li»n*il*B*artb*plata< aa 
India pi^pw. ftle* Tj. dd. «a«h Part. Tbit Half BallaMl wwk, 
Bha^MfltlMK wBI fotrn Ihra* handiama *alBBa,aBd caataln 

BabalUihaaou ta Part I. 
DMIh arSoaadbla. By A. Caapar. IkA. 

Vl«a arStnthflaldaara. FVan n OrlglMlIlmwtag Hka 

far Ihli Walk, 
Aad •«*r*l Waad Buratiafa. 

Umdim: A. B.fiaUjaadCo.n ConihiU. 


In •«*. arl** tt, tm elalh baaid*, 

THE PRINCIPLES of the JESUITS, ai 

X d*»*l»pad In KbItbcu tixym thilr eva A a Chan, with aa 
Acoannl of lb* OriflB and InatltuU af tba Ordar. 

Bl(la(l«a«, St. raal'aCbnrdbranl. and Walailaa Plan*. 

Of wban IB*; b* bad, 

Conitltutiones Sodetatii Jmu, Rome, IdSft. 

WllhaTraadallaaaBdAppcadU. taa>*. *l«tbbe*td*,a*.dd. 


HE. RBADE-8 NEW POBH. 
la tra. prica M*. W. 

THE DELUGE; a DRAMA, in 

X TWELVE aCENXM. 

Bf JOHN EDMUND BBABB.Biq. 
AadMr af •• 1 Ulf ^ aad - Gate tb* Waadavar." 
BiMdwt aNd OUaj, FahUa Llbiaip. Caadnll 8m*t. 

MwbaBMapbabad. 

Italy, in Six Cantoi, with Hlrtorioal and 

ClatikalNala*. 

••Mt.B*ada^*lulj-BafbajMI]pda*crlbadaiibanaM*ilFaBm 
that bo appaand (laaadM • (&Ud* Hmld.'»-a»ai. 


rpHE MODEL of the BATTLE of 

X WATBKLOOta an wa far •ihlblUM al lb* XnplUa 
■AFtacailUi. kj bttniot ArtMolBl LU^t. CmUbUjIUb- 
lyMMd fNa Twa tfOtk la Om Armaaa, aaA Ikraaihaut Ih* 
tmt h> Awt w MhT»aiM>l> nathar. 

0|iaa tnm To U th* Hmlat aaUl Klat bi tfa* Bnain(, 
*1 thou 1 i D Urn IxIsB . 
AteMoB, Oh SbllUBi each. 


-ITTANTED, a SHOPMAN, in an OM. 

VV »MaMI*«d PbllaMtliieal ImmmM iUkm't Bhap. 
BM W w tcUTaBad IbuIUmI Panaa, wba bM ba«N uco*. 

TMIM. III! i 111. H-l ff.-T-TTniflTWflli'TTlirTrilW 


BOOKS PUBLISHED THIS DAY. 

._. HBW TBAOBDT, lale* ». V. 

THE PIROMIDSS; aa Egyptian 

X Tncadf. 

Baaadm aad 011*7, Caadali SMMi IUmt** Bqaar*. 


Pilot eMb, laiianda 

T ETTBR8 to the Authors of the "FUn 

1 J Tiaalt ftorCrtllaat Tlniaa;" iiMiniiiiliid a fliaaflljp lliiaf 
tian af l%a Fallal c«atalnad In than i aaf a HtaiaaaaU and 
DataK* af lb* Daetria* UB(hl bf thaCbareb *f Eatlaad wllh 
MMM ta B«Bt«*ratl*B, 

Landaa ■ T. Cadall. Btraadi W. Blackwaad aad Saa*, 
Bdlabarsh. 


CCEMBBT or PORTUGAL and SPAIN. 

O Bt OKOBOS riVIAN, Xaq. 

Dran an 8mh bj I~ Bub*. 
TU>«art,wUahUMitaH la Mila aJ aaaaUian vltk Hr. 
VMaaiS IM ««fe a* Bpartrti Htwary. oaMaln TbMr4*a 
Tlan afaaaaa af Ilia aM«t iBMnMlaci •> aM ptotanaqM *pau 
ifHiliaalii raalMMla. 

riica, iMMtW ftOa, Usui, Malll half-teiBd, U. U. 
hmtim: raMUba4 M !«•>. 14r»ll Malllut, aad D- Col. 
■aaU kad Ca. Bar Ki^itT^ PrlBl PsbllitMn ud Pilal BalUi*) 


la aiiiii u, Iba FlMSariM af 

PLAIN SERMONS, br Cootrfbtitan to 

J. lb* " TtmD br Iba TlmM." 

WrtWMM, h. Paalt CharBbjud. aad WbMriMPtMt 
aad J. H.r*rkar,Oi^ 


Of fmltrmiUr tUm, 
Umm%- Wllaj and Pataam*i N*w AmarUan Pablkallaaa. 

A FLORA of NORTH AMERICA. 

J\, Bt TOBREr and U BAT. 

Paiu I. aad II. Tr. M. «aab. 

3. Colond Burr's Printe JonnialB. 

1 Tata. at*. Mb. niaih. 

3. Hn. SigaaniMft Letters to Mothers. 

iW laqa Ijpa, (» oMh. 

4. Dr. Skinner*! Rell^ou of the Bible. 6«. 

5. The New York Review, No. VII. 6d. 

CaaMay. .yardttraiei'a Watbi- Oaaton— BUaah— Btaav 
Na*iB>ill*a — AaaaMlaa — Tkwaa* CwljlA WatU — Caapw^ 
Watt*-* B**l*w*. 

6. North American Review, No. CII. C«. 

7. Knldcerboeker Maipudne for December, 

tt.<d. 

ta ■ fkw da^i, 

8. Ameriean Joomal of Sdenee for Jan. 


i^3A«bOMB a>< da. Hlmad. 


GILBEB'rS CLERICAL GUIDE, 
ta aaa <r*r. nad Kr*. prte* It. U, tm alaih baard*. 

THS GLEHICAL GUIDE, and 

± srCLE»l4»iTiCA[<um^c:TI>iiV^cq«talaiacaa^ 
pint RapiHr tin niffBia*! and [ImiJIeai af Iba Cbugh aT 
Eniflknil, wjEb lb* It lUFafllv* Vaiat, rnuiidad an an awascsf 
tB.1- iiidriblhltLat (hf namaipf |l>«lrKuiBb*nli,Patraa>, 
anil lu.iifAf rtatufii -Oesitlf, Dlaatt, ii ii tiiliiffliiij. T(iaBt*llWi. 
aail f^bic^h. AEaHLBiiKlailBB qf ifaa ]>l>lBRi: T* WMMi aia 
addrd, aa AlphabaUEii IJ*! at ihi DlcnlUciaa aad Boidead 
nitlij, ud till KhIMIuUcU PmtraiUC* at Iba diMMl *(lb* 
Klof. l-nrJ- ChancvtiK, niiDcvlkar iiT thi I^MhjaT LdaaaMar, 
Arciibiihnjjr. iiii.ii.i|.>, liiini .niJ rubnniUil** afCa- 
Ibfi"! •nai'oli'.'iitr L I'ur.'hn, C^II.cn al ilu CalftnlUia af 
Ox'-iiJ Mn,i 1'gii,b>lil|li., jtL'. 

PrLnUil Im J,, Li., and r. HKlnp^Dn. SI, PaHlldntCkwd, 

aad Waurloa Ptue, fatJ Kail. 


THK AET UNTOH. 
A* IMh af PatoMn laadUbaaaatlBMdMi UialMiarMch 

THE ART UNION ; a MootUy Joanud 

Pftadial MUwU srifa, 1. 1— 
laMiaadaa F^tlapiaad Waiki la PramM 
- 1 ■•■-liil FmhlUhad CafraTlMiBd film. 
TbaAftlMia«B«W«a triMVriamaa 
naAMMafeannj UatMfaate af Ito Slf Cw Al> 
naAMMaafPlMM* OM 
Tfca W— ■iitaMi AntelbaPmfaHw 
Tba KM* laMluiloa IHB SaatallM* UMtia«i 
■Mafcf Platan* *c ft*. Ah 
PaiB^ iOi.WIIHam TImm^ W CtUwripa airwt. aparti to 

vfeaa aAivniHwaUi, aad PMM—liMlMl Iw " d» HIM*," 

■a»iaWa*iriin< 


CanaoUd U tb*»r*i«il «m», 

TiEBRETT'S COMPLETE PEERAGE 

1 M af Iba UNITED KINttSOM. 

Edllad bj WILLIAK COUBTUOPE. Bi*. 
laaladlaHh* W*wPa«r*atdwC«*aaiM«a,wilb a pMtmtar 
H*r U«l**n,brI>Ma.Bad ib*AmwbwaillUly«afta**«b«M 

y,. 0., aad P. BI*ti«i*B 1 aad aihM Pntritut*. 


CTIBT ONI HIB OWM DBAWIMe HAITUL 
la Itwibaa, M. Pari*, It. CanfM* 1» baM*. St. 

THE BRITISH DRA VINO-BOOK; or, 

X thi AMaTOfavln* la Paa and lak. 

Bj N. WHITTOCK. 
rMiilalM- ■ 9«(i*« it PraanMln Luiiai an Dravtaf iMt- 
•MfOT •*«M«i. Martaa Ttom, AichUaaliu*, AnUaali, Hmmm 
flpm*,ft*.l aiaa, * Cm|UI« Bpta* af Praatlaal PaaMallNi 

Jsba UinMid, l« Btnad. 


9. Bibllcsil Rmository, No. XXXIIL 
10. The Natfooal Preacher (American), No. I. 
Val. XIII. 


Im t nil- f.eap Bra. wlih VInMt* Tlilaa. and atartj Ona 
Hao^ Woadaala, ll«, dath, Mlarad, 

A TREATISE nn GEOLOGY. 

XX, BvJOBNFUILUPS, P.BJI. O.S. 

Ptaflimt af Oaalan In Klat'* Crilaa*, Laadaa, fee. fe*. 
•• Aa adMfcabla aafciUltai af lha adMa* af s*»"SI »• <*• 
pa wal ■Mi.-s-MMfO BfBln*. 

Laadaai L*BfMa,Onn*iaadCa.t aad JahaTajlor. 


fa ISOM. priM 4*. M la baitdi. 

CBBM0N8, Dootrind and PraetleaL To 

ij ablidi Ii tiliiil. la Aulai Oiiaiii. 

b*b*E*T. WILLIAM HOWOETH, H.A. 
Baotar (f WblUsa-o w-TbarlMM, le RaflWU j aad CvBI* 
•rHn«b,la ihalHaarBlj. 
Ktib^Mai^ ft. PMPlChaKbiraN, aad WaMdaa PlMfc 
PaU Miu. 


Ja*c nM'*M, mrmt tbiMd pawr, priea U. Oi. Ns. IX. 

r\t^^IJNES of CELEBRATED WORKS 

\J «h» Mailmaf Aaallaad ModanilteBlptw 
Itf lalM tBrba*! aad Sataa, bf PlasoMa—Maunal l«*a, bj 
■•Mr— Pari^ b« Caaat»— ■arinatUa, b« Ht P. Chaaiiaj. 

-Ml a BMk MB ha taiha li^i aU lavm afikata* 
■la. Kamt mat MOlUn aaaMt. 

hMM bv e. MmafltBt. MMtlal* Onmi mU bp ArtM. 
— — *C»t«na<,M<aU>dl—< ■whillMii 


Bp (Mar «f Oa Lard. C»mmiUna^ff Mtr MnJmtft Traafwy. 
b 1 vat. Bra. UliutiBiad wiib naMtaai Plam. Saellaaa, Be 
prioa I4«. ciMb, laMatad, 

A REPORT on the GEOLOGY of COBN. 

X\. WALL, DBVON, and WEBT BOHEBBIT. 
Bt HKH. T. OB LA BBCBE, F.B.8. te. 

Liadaa i Pitaiad tm Mi M^taatfallalltaarTOaaa. 
PalUdMd ^ ^aafMa, Oma, and Ca. 


DBi HOOm VntTATIOK BBBHOK. 

la tia. P*i** a*, dd: tt*M adHiM ar 

A CALL to UNION, on the PRINCI- 

X\. PLBB af lb* BNOUSH BEPORMATIOlf. A Sar- 
maa,pr*aab*dBllb*PrlBafiVWIatl*a aftb* BUbapeTBlaaa. 


MUSIC. 

XMBT FAOH OP HDnC fOE TMIIUnROE. 

Ha.1. 

THE HARMONIST. 

«r PaUlc AmaaaBMt, tb* vark vlU eaHpd** MacUaH tnm 
AabaM nilatHwi af all tba Onii Ua*lwi t Xaaltab, Soatab, 
aad JiM Htfadlaa; witb mamj ariba Hatlaaal Air* af athai 
Ctmttttm - asbaaciaf A"irt*iBt, Maicba Baadvt Qaadtillaa. 
IVUtaM. aaA OrftopadBi alia, Madrlfalj, DaaU. aad UI*M. 
Tb* vbal* win b* ■<*»*< allhaf fwi iba Vale*, tb* PiaaafcHa. 
*a Baap. •* aba Ofgaa, with plaea* aaeaMaaaltr Uw lb* PIbu 
aad Ommmt ftnalai aa luailw Ca1l*t«*a tl Nontt} aad 

BBMMWf WWIHM Win IB RB(lft MVBBPUVMO AbH* 


Iba W«*k* •( lb* Babman. PaWlabad at lb* maaal af lh« 
ClMft. Bt W. F. hook, D.D. 

niv •(Laada, tad ChipialB la Ordlaarita tba Cta*». 

Blitaflaal*«i. Plat*! CtiaiBbnrd, and WaWtoa^mt 
aad D. A. Talban, Oited. 


BECK'S JUBI8FRUDBNCE. 
ta tr*. dlb adIU bronaht dawn la tb* pnaaat «W. laeladtai tb* 
Natanarilf . Daa)*p aad Or. DaiaaU, prfc* 11*. 

T7LEMENT8 of MEDICAL JURISPRU. 
fj Bsmia. 

BtT-»- HBCK, M.B. 
PrrfaaaT af Ha* Caatlta>» af MadWan^aad laiilaiW aa Hadl- 
aalJrH^Mfam la Oa Callv af Fbprfalaaa^iad Bngata* af 
ibaWMl*!* Pialii«l*ribaBuI.aC|iM»fMk,ka.j »*A 
J.B. BECK:.K.D^ 

Call^Kfi'hTiiftiii.. in.! Manaaal. IflgKWWlb* Fb|- 
ilriaa. to id-c ?Io.4>iiB], *a. IB. 

'■■flaabaMfiii.aiJi.Ei.pi-l.t^ra.NnlaapHilPi dlllillliW, 
hatbaanrrndtiKi I'JH'- <'n.-Tci ipilia aa tta aaldaali It It an 
adarinbU ■«>> .•'TirFirmrr. .> .i c>.it.i|ajNlBtbahasiA|afaNi7 
«**Bfciraflha|a*t*uiM--^'JU->. 


TH80LOUICAL LIBEABY, Val.XV. 
la nall>>a. wllh PranUaplaaa, pila* di. 

T>IOGRAPHV of the EARLY CHURCH, 

XJ Baeaad Sarlas. 

Caauau— Oil(*a— Cnrlaa— Nantlaa— DIaajiU* af 
Alaiaadrla— Paal aTBaHaata. 
Bi tba Bar. E. W. BVANB. U.A. 
Fall** af TiUUf Call*!*, Cai*b«ld«| and Vlaar atTarrte. 
Btitofiaai, Bt. Paal'a Charalvan, aad WaMrta* Plana. 

Lual J pabi Ubad. by tha mm AalW, 

Scripture Biogiapbr. S toU. lb. 


•a^vbb* BagMMaw wt iMa aad kaavMfa af aay ba 

Jsba UmblTd, lUHuaod. 


THE BRITISH MAGAZINE, 

X far Fabnaa- 

Laadlaf CaBMBlai— Piaaaat BUI* tt th* Paphk C*a<ra**iv 
IB IraUad — Parlua BaardaB— DUanal aTBIabar Cbanb Pia- 
fWmaai— Bieiad PbMit — Blibap^ Callan, CdealU — Lll«iari 
Falln sf th* CbBTcb afllaaa* Oa TradliLn- On »IIb« Tllha*. 
br lb* lUr. W. Uaicalfb— E«T. 0. H. Pabar, la Bntj ta lb* 
BdlM* aad Hi. CisalbvBll*— Oa PntbjtatlaB Ordiaatlaa — 
Ptawtf far lb* Daad - B*«. WUIiaa Oaada^i Bapip la th* Han. 
and B*r.Mr.Par«*»al-CliMahaf Fadlaad QaarflT Eartaw, 
aad TiacU ht Iba Tlaia-Oa fcaaplal Aa Fa*M af Ih* ChMsb— 
On lha Ca** afoBnak* *. Waalliq''— Tha Oilbrd Ttaau- 
"tiTl— 'm M*H*n, aad Vial tat Imh — Dmbbmbu rtUtlat M lb* 
Chareb and DlaHnUr* — Bairl*wa tl Baaht — Aba lb* Biaat 
caplaa* RttliMi sf Kimti EanaacMd wllb tha Chnrch aad 
fBiwialilca. 

J., U-, aad P. BlTlBitBB, 81. Panra CbnTchtafd. aad WaMrtaa 
Fiaa*. Pall HM i J. Vmm, m, aad T. CiMtfHrtfc. m Bt|tat 

Bim. 


BOOKS IN THE PRESS. 

Prapadiv W Iwndlala aBbUcaHaa, la Ira. 

X Bt v. A. THIRRS, 

AalbM of « Tba BlMatf at Ih* Fnaab Baralatlan." 
BUhatd BmMm, K** BaaMagtaa aM*t> 
Frtililii la Owliawt w Ht* Mattnj' 


BU W. JASDIMrB NATVBALItn UBBABY, 
rOL. XXIll. 
Frteata. atoU >MMr*d, 

THE NATURAL HISTORY of MARINE 

X AHPHIBUi, Inalndlaetta Walm aad Baali,nlM.lb* 
)UiM**r*B* CMBoaa. Illiutraud bj W calawrad Plate*, with 
FaMtallBad Maaaalraf Pwa. 

Bath Vvbuaa aTlba HaiaiaMifk Ubraip l« ItlaaraM hp Ikaai 
ihlrU ta fkriT e*l*a»ad plat**, wllh a— lawai Waadoal* and 
PattwM*. and Haaaalra alaaMaWH HalarrtlHt. ThaWaakltaa 
aiiaaiad that, aaah vaJama balag i *aif 1*1* la ItnU^ anj lolt^t 
nay b* atlictei^anil lakaa ilaa*. 

••Tba baak la, paabap^ th* BMtt laMmatlati lb* matt btaull- 
fal|aad^j^^^^W|y»t^^^^^^yj^^^Art»Mw». 


T\IL CHANNINO'S LATEST WORK, 

JL/ »8BLF C(;LTUIIII.-(ilalbapHU. aMvlllbapab- 
Habad hi a lb« dan, !■ a bM awl abaap rwM, bf Jaou* UaMar. 
•Mb aad »«>, OImc*-: OUm aad Bepl, BdMHfbi aad 



94 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, ASTD 



BOrn AltTHON'M OORO. 
In 1 l*>t* (A iHiintw I. bM*d im Btoih, prict a>. 

SELECT ORATIONS oT CICBBO« with 

A K*« IdHlm, with A44IIUM aMlbHBdMlMW. by Jumi 
B*H« U-l>- M •'Om MMUn aftlw Rl«fc fkted, lUubiU(t>. 

Andunt'i SdhuL By Bojrd, Prloa 5r. 
Anthoa*! Honn. Jfr Boyi. Prin 7t. 6rf. 
Aki, 

Antfa«a*i Cmht'i ComoMntariw, wUb Platei 



HliTURlCAL CLAII-BOOK8. 

A COMPLETE COURSE of ANCIENT 

Bf lMBav.Dr.ROBnnolf. 
lUwttaM »f Fi«* MlMMt H*pi, pilM a*. M |Mid> 

3. An Abridfwmnit of aoUuitth*s Hlitonr 

«r UiMo. wllk • e«Uu«d Mip, K. M. 

S. An AbrUfTMBMit GoUsmlth'a Hlrtny 

•r Rmm, with ■ ralamd HWt **■ 

4. Five Hundrad QoMtlom on Qddsnith'i 

5. Fin Hundred Qiuitioiil oa OoUsnath't 

m*tmj wtmama.lt. 

fl. A Kty M llu Qaflttlolu on OrMoa and 

B«a*ili. 

7. A Onlde to dw Stodr oftba HIttory of 

muitimi.m ■ Mwif QhmMm. to/. riMln. 

>. bmnt. wwiiUNHriM- u) nMHoMt. 

S OUTER'S ImpmTBd ind KlSnndlaitiont 
fif l>r. IniDff'll ilrL-liliBU, M-wek. 

anil Wl1r»— V. hiii-.it i<( iF^bnil— -t. Uf <>^i;r:i|<bi r■^ li'liml^h 
Ihiut} tf Ki;#i|g>A<i — n. liiiiiKdi'ii} «f si^'Biund — at 
fruiii H Awniiiii Br>'iuue-4. t/iiLiHi afUnMr— lu^ Ad- 
(JWIM II. HlUBiir at — k>. AbU^kIUh af 

b hin4 BMIOTi— M trn|4»n«| Hltlan— 1«- Ufiwrit 
— M. ja«l*bAalIaBlkbM-^l1, aiNili4l AtwnphT — 
taf^k BtlMBt—m, bUU D^nMt|iiLl><»-«- ^"f 
" ncn (JnnuBu — H. Jlklnui Qrunm^f ~ 
— *J. CbfmMn-M' Muie-«F, Mfih*. 



/UTWILB CtAfW-BOOKH. 
rabOdud at th* Hctoal UMnti Ui HaH Bbmt. 

S OUTER'S PragnotTO Primer In SpelUng 

3. SouUr'sProrreMinSpBlliiw.BoiA, U.6d, 
3. SoBter'f Pngraiiln Fl»t Saboot RMder, 

4^ Sootir^ SMOod Muml Reidflr, 4r. M. 

AIM. ^ ikt Bm. T> CiKh, 

1. Tbe Eai^ Priaw, wfdt 908 Jbigntr. 
I. The EuUtb Motlier'g Cateditnn, with 

1M> Bunflaai- U 

3. Tbe NatiaMl SHOlag. U. M. 

4. TlM Netiooet Beadw, with 10f Bngmr- 



ifOvBMMU. 



OaOOBAFIIIOAL CUM^BOOEII. 

THE OEOORAPHICAL TEXT.BOOK. 

S. A Compenton to tbe OflognpUail Test* 
' r'ondhiw of iw g W Bb r* 



at • 

BrOwHlMaO**^ 



OoUi: 

pint Baak a* Alt n l jiN |br CWU iAi 

Friaal* 

4. A CktM^ltm Oeagr^y, or Scoond Book. 

B; tka Bar. Dr. IrtlBc. PrieaM. 

0. Modern Oeognphy and Hbtonr. By the 

Bav.T-Claik. TwirmU.**- 



By 



With a Farnrall.ara. 14>. 

IR JOHN BARROW'S LlFEofI<ORD 

ANaON. 1^«MGlibaiM.BMBtMAacaut«rilM 
Aati^ eutt ¥«■ MailMflr A«M«. F H— »a« H Hi* lMrlc » 



S 



WtdHIWN-a OHOIOSY. 
U • Mte. M|al 41a. VIA Iwia UailaplatI Uap. Vlawa, ■•laHa4 
*t«all«a» >»4 ■a—tBM PUiaa a<0»»a»la BawMa^ 

npUE OBOLOOY of tbe SILURIAN 

A BaSION.ar Bvdtc Cawdn af Bm|Im« MiWata*. 
Bjr BOOBBICK IlfPlY MUHC-HIHOM, BMTF.a'll. 
Vict Ptia>i— 1 atom Uaatwlfal tattm. 
JakK Hmr* AltamdallMM. 



OMESTIC 

BlTUIANl. 



^TnNERS of th« 



D 

» tba B«>. IL LnrBB. VBHABLn. U.K. 
I aaaaat laMai* M add aaathai *• tfia wa mw i baoki 
BBHla which bat* altaadi MPaarai, «Uba*l ptaadlac ai nj 
■ralen Out > TlilM that JmrnAj a mi m atmnataaaaa aSMIsf 
sppanaoltlH, flat aiaallj wftMa ■ Mrai H ii'i Wdi, of ut iwilf 
tfca h«Mt> 'nA ch^nctar *r>t)» n aplt. I am, diatalan, Indacal 
MpaMhh ikaMlntH lanan nda* m lapaaatta* UMaana 
aa e a— I ft 4m«i1b uI» la Ika JMmIn waj k% W • catMta 
<a(paa, m ii iillii p ftw lla—taMy. 

Batac nanlj fUM wwd k> nwiitaaa «lik aa*«ri B) 
batlHa^ I accaBpariai wf «Ih lata Uiat »«*aRfl* |h« wi 
of IWifdr Uia rmriii if ilallHf titmlallMi. aiimj-^-^— T 
I On Ihlartw, at 



ImbMKttamiamtiMimmmata*. rataaakwit. 

Jabii Mwnj,AlbaaarI*8tra*t. 



TBB CKOBCB OATMOUO ANB AFOBTOUCAL. 

Bl tMek ■^.•■a.wlaatti. 
EXPOSED and REFUTED, 



•■d iba AMMaIMB af Iha Calkana Ohanfe VtaUaatad. 
Bj &mB«t.>. a HUtBNaBTH. 



«. J U aaaifai. 

Laadaa: Kauiaf M< Bn«n. Jt p«k« BnM, Oratriwat 
■KMaai Ba>l»r tH DalMMit « M«w V(«< Kmati T. Jam* 
tatuaMmmMam. Marwica ■ Baaaa, Kl a a aii r aa l i, «M B»ea» 



6. Modem Atlas, ooo^ibiff 37 Hua. 

tkaB«T,T.ClMrk. MaaU*. 

7. Aodnit and Modern Atla^ 4S Maoa, 

BjdUM. Filaallf. 

8. Minor Atlai, eonprUnf thow Haps nuMt 

gtBanllf wM. BtthaiaM. Maal«.colaand,4i,plalfi. 

9. A Sartai oT Scboal Mua. oalonmd. Hd. 

•^laadiTOW^lbVh ta WBIMa* bf J««4a( Fafll^ 



ia>*. U. U. haaU, 

4 SIMPLIFIED I.ATIN GRAMMAR. 
JbaMBM. WALTBB T. POWBUv lU! J- 
I SiM* af tlw r»a OnBMiac acb«i ar Hwr. 



,I«lirol.flTa.Hte«IU. 

A MANUAL of POLITICAL ETHICS. 
Bf FEANOM UBBBB, 
■Mar •r^Th* BaeraiataMt AwaH—ii. - 
lalaa to luihatatlMtamima- aanaat fcaalwiwiil 



Mil 

ar »a ma tkaaiT i« 1 



t.'—Mahatt^aatmUUn'tfmr.Jmmmmnr. 

Loadaai WiIUbb IMIi, lU Pla« Sml. 



Caonlata la 1 lal. nadlam B*a. atlca lit. 

THE POETICAL WOBXS of ALEX. 
ANDBB FOFBi MM ttta Ant af • mmwfmtmim of 
utj rmi- 

BdUal Uw B««. P. CART, A.U. 

Hm Worka of Coir]wr vUl form tha next 



Loaaaa: innta«Mlh.lianMI>Mali PnMra^Ca. 
WtoaMfhiCwif aBflv-IMUa. 



lBl>ala.PHt«ia.|-la*»>.Nar<a- 

r^OSTHS'S CORRESPONDENCE with 

VT a CHim^TtoThM Valaia, B»<ilwla« Ito Oivj at 
a CMM. Mk) to to4 MfWMalT. rlnO. U Wr*. 

"ThaawiMaataMbatvaM Ba ula a aai OaMto U I»aUj a 
DBriailu, aad ruatatoi ■ r>laiW» MUaat br Iha Mmij aTbaaMa 
aaiaia ta mm allu itof m aaMiHii U I* «• aaUaal. 
aaAadnInc, akunetwrltOc, aad aAan m rioqaaab liiat anm 
Um said Bagllth nadat aUI ba aminuA.'~-Mmathlg Bnto^ 
l <f <aa I hay m t m , Oma. a»4 C*. 



PRAOTIOAEi 'lU^uit^Y OOOKBBY, 



aoorrt HiKiTBBtar or tbb aootnaii aoBiwE. 

THE UINsSt£L8¥^or% SCOTTISH 
, BOEOBEi MMiallm " ~~ " 



Hlimltal aii Biaaaailc Bal 
lag* ijllwlil tn iba l aattoia Oaaartaa rf l aai Ua i | wiika** 
alUatahi ftala, t tmaiat ap— lacal TradHUa. 
Laadaei Priaud fta Tb—ai T«ai, 1* C ka m Um i 



to afte, iC«H albar i 



ataito 



PHILUFB-S HINSBAI'OOI'.-NRW' BDITIOH. 
la I nl. pM ■>*. arica Ih. In bdb 

N ELEMBNTARV INTRODUCTION 

. taMIHBULOUViea^ttolafBNatkaafiMCIu. 
ad KlaaMBU if HUMtalij vliOoeaaaM at lha PUcaa 
wliimaa i> vblch IliaiBrv faaad. 

Sr WILLIAM puilxiM, rua. ILOA Ac. 

<Ui adlUaa, eaoridaraUj aMMad. 
RfBDBIRT ALLAN, P.EACJl3ZL.te 

■aaOfci T.Tmi aiwiMa Ci.1 laJ CMi. 



OALIPOBNIA. 
tal aal. daar •••• «l* ■ *<n Map. to Am*««ilb. Ftaaa af 
»balU>be«r,aad ai»niai Kaaraaliiw. aalaaia*. rtMbbiMdt. 

A HISTORY of UPPER and LOWER 
CAUFOBNIA. f'aa »<tr Pint DiiMtan lo (ka p*a. 
Ml Uaw, canraWMi an >cchbi of itit Cllnau, Ml, NalanI 
FladaMMu* AgttcalMTa, Camaarea, 4u. A fall iit» at Uta 
Mlntaaani fctabllibiaaan. aad CMdlths at lha Fiw Md 
DwaMkatad ladlaaa. 

Bf ALBXANDNR FOUm.BH, 



AIARAK NATORAL HISTOBV. 
la Si*, pik* Ma- U. Ula^nM bf a Hap aTPanfaaj aad 
Ba«M Am. Um FlrH\alBma at lha 

"IVATURAL HISTORY of tbe QUA- 

Xl MUIFBDa <rf FARAeirAV sad th* RIVA LA 
Rata, tnmUtai haaa lha AHalib at Dm FaMa «a A«n, 
«lih aMaaw tr at lha Aathar , a Pbjtleal Sbaac* at lha Caaam. 

'aTw'MuaSiTAL avMma, Bat. P.a.a4.a. a*. 

HaaabaraTlba Qaalaglaal Badalj aT FiMaa. 
«Aiaia'( MaflMM ara laniaaMa. Hi* daaalpUiaa an Bal 
aaly aaaMaw bM aia«lirlT.' f aala n a. 

Baa Paila da Aiata a darit daaa aaMlMa aaaaafaa ma 
■■hlualwHtaMaada P aw aai." f u dir . 
AdMMfSirtaaBlafbridlittorKbi l,aaaaM,Qwa,»ia»a, 
flaaaa. aad Laawaaa. LmIm. 



MB. C O L B u" KK'St'jSTsi&Iii 
IhaUlwlaf MBW WORKBi- 

I. 

The Roaaanoe of the HareB. 
AMtocoroTiM^viTaMaSftMk-aB. s •ba- 
il' 

Groirdoni In the Interior of Rnsila- 

r.^if lM staUhaa oTlha Charaetcr and PoUc* of the KaMm 
Nlcbala^ ttcaaaa In St. Palar^wB, Ac. 
G Habatt BraBMT, Ea%. 
I tra. «iU UlKMraUaat. 

III. 

Horaaa Varaoni 

Or, UI»M lha Wail. 
AlMb Jad WMla 

Tha witn Itilr. 

Bitaaiat JnimI braaTMrala aritoCaaalHirHMrtwM. 

I TCii. ato. «iik^a«aj^tubu2^ 

Tha Tduth at AakipaRMb 
BydiaAwaw rfwiartuMMwahhPiiwfc" shu. 

IIL 

A Vf^eafram America to Englaiid. 

HiaaAmdMnBaailaMaa. ats. 
IV. 

Tbe Life and Adpentnna orilMwBl 

' ArmitrOBg, the Faotorjr Boy. 



Ta h* 



B* Ml*. TfallNM. 
la Waaij NaartMf PatM, wtlat U, 
hat aalfanali wtib TtoFlAakkPl 



Papara,' 



priBtad aad aaahaUlibad aallOnali wttt 

jM fty w MlaMatoi" *»■ ThaPInt Pan alll to laMiabadan 
Hamij ColbaTB, pBbllAal, II Oraal Kai*hara«|li Wraat. 



THE DUBLIN UNIVERSITY CALEN- 
DAR aad BXAMU4AT10M PAFBBa fat laia aaa 
•awiMirtia It*. *•. baaal In Bte*. ThaBi— lanlia 
Pwm alav to had Mpaiaulf , prlca h. a^ ipwad. 

DahHa I Wak Ubki, /BB. aad Ca.. aad Milllkaa aad Bm I 
aaMBlll«l*wa|- - - 



(TTEir rrin'PLBTE SDmoN. 
QRVKi e. n'utsf.v, HttUlA, AMD PM.A 



TO. 



I 



,,, , .... ra. T«. ad. alath, 

NCir)F>T.s ..r THAVBL in OREECE. 

TVl(Kt.l'4 ilL^MiK, ■■<! POLAND. 

BiJi-HN L. HTBFKItNll. 
AaltoV -^Vaira*. 1. Unv*, Anaia PMf^ *l 
■AfaAba^i I'l - ■ '--» n -|[ liif.aad 
a ^AtMta Md^iiMaMA'WRM* PMI Bmtna. 



id«diMlalalaiawaa»a»iaiaiaaCawralwlw,laHaL 



Tfc» a»a.>daa U. cUth I iiiMiA aWb aaiaa i «d 
HE GEOGRAPHYTSTATlStlCS, nnd 
HISTORY at ASSTBAL.ASIA i owapaWac Mav 
Saa* Vaa PtoMi^ Maad. KM* RhWi %aiaABau>. 

UB,ac 

R. HONTOOinitT VARTIN, Baq. PM *«. 
T iMari m a aaw afMaalaalaiaii lafcaaailaa far all mm- 
■aWia«llfcaMgfcafciMlM" SiiidniniM. 
tfaip*>todCa.Aa»HMlafcaaa. 



H INTRODUCTION to the CRITICAtj 

aTUDYjad RNOWLBOOBafOwSCRIPTOlUca. 
lha Rai. THOMAS UARTIVKU. UORNK. MJt. 
. JahB> CaiUut. CaabUdca t Haaav at *to Uirfaari 
PadabaaiTat. tdwaafito Klnt aad Har^t.aad 81. MlahiUaa 
AM^LaatoidlkraaK Pra h aaaari at Malat PaaPa. 

UMBaHd «M> BBMcaaa Napa aad fk^^Blar 
BUiUoal Maamiartp*. 

At Itoaaaa ttaaa alae «aa pabtlihtd, 

1. SapplaBMncary Pafai to Um Sevan ch 

tUMar, caalalBbia lha CaulaUoa tt iba Aeoaani at BIttiaal 
MaaaanHpi aaUaMta Uw Vaa TaalaMal <Ib fauUnana at ih* 
■faJaaaiBda U Ihaiaaai n ri aflhal BdlliaB la Val. II. p. lan. 
aadiBch B i>lli M a l »alawd«lhi>Add.tl»Ba.aagato4aaaciiad. 
(•aaMtoba«id«p««hduaaHm aataaaaa. rrtcala.aa, 

2. A Manual af BibNcal Biography, 

handaaaMlr p tla iad la 1 nl. ai»-Vhl> HiBsal eaMltotaa JLL 
ApptatdUlBttoHaaaadValaawarHr. HaaaCV" lauadaetlM,.- 
la en»iaaa«a 
■aparaU haa. 
thai Work, a 

aMMaaaiadatlaa . ^ 

BIbAmtMaallUaauchaa. pMar I *•■ In oloih Uaada. 
MAMarrriat*drKT.Cadl|8tnad; W,BUsk«wda*a 



at twff aaaiwaaa apptwaUoBa atada far It in 

lha 



I, ilncc Aa pabllcation of Iba Saranib Kdliion mt 
I llmllad laipfaaiisa hai baas (ataa aOV Car iba 
M af UaaHnars aad artwri *ha an i^a^i il Is 



JOURKAL OF THE BBLLBS LETTRES, 



95 



I EiiiiiM— pm ■ ; 

VAI^irS %(MOOti bAHN CLAS. 
ncs. 

Bom*, cum fcoM *a Wtt Bfitiou, 

»W|^%3kLT«lH. Jtt ■an—. *. >a»n*j — J*. W. 
Foot PUn of Fbntoi. wHk SngUali Notes 
Terence t the Andrian, with EngGsli Nolei, 
Vinil. witU GDsiish Notee, original juid 

Tm Ml;, liot ■«HI«a,l«. iL boiuid. 

P^fcM BmmamH TncL with the amis- 

BittHpiH. S^hh Notee aitd QoMtboi. 
(kffndlni Nepca. £iifli<b Notei snd Qaat. 
OfUfl Mil Ml Willi nil StiMtoi EndMi 

HMn ^mtJ^MUam. % Iht Bw- C Mkf. 7* afiUM. 

Meoriaw &«■ OfVk TMaOm and TUMI- 



Jweul wd Pantai, whh NoCoi, oo the 

rto«rctai«^oaoM*-4Vta|iL Br4i-J.vaiiT. etiUiiw, 

fmiiiTiLtmiiw »< e>. bv MrtjMnwr »m Mr. Vain, 
or HI UlMa.*O H lil»l*f f«fcU ti«f»i , 



VALPrS SLEHENTAAY LATIN 
muca. 

IktfaiOmBiar.iridiNotei. ByJUYalpj, 

B.ft. Ml " " " 



lAtin Ddaaw. BytheaiiM* 24thedIU<n], 
Second IMeaiiii ; Epgtth NoWi. B; 
SleoBtki LetkiB ; or. Bulat and Ejcdroiaei 

HHwrmlKa •€ altoM IMIm hjU. Bf B- V>Ipr> B.D. lltb 

Seeood Lattn B xeid aei, Intended ta tm In. 
ValpT^ flm EurdiH. To ba mwialiiil 
Valpv'i Udn Diafawiua, aalwHad from the 
Valnr^ Nwr Latin Voeabakry. with T«blei 



VALPY'S ELEHISNTA&V OBKSK 
WOBKB. 

Greek Deleottu, with Notei and a Ijexiooa. 

Bj B. Va1pj> D.D. ltlba4Uim,4i.ba«ad.— K«ft*«'M. 

Second Greek Delectm ; or. New Analeeta 

Hioin, *itbBB(UA Notei ud ■ UxiMn. Bi Ik* Bat. F. Val- 

pr- >d«dlllM,8T«.f<.M.bMBd. 

TUrd Gieek Pdectai; or, Ketr Aaalaota 

K^sra. wltb BnfUib NMm. Bj ih* Rei. F. Valnt- Fdn 
M. tMtud. 

tlaMHMMUlj,MlalWi~Fnt I. (TiM*), b. M. 
Faiiil. ~ 



Put iL (F«Mii)t »t. M. feoM4. 

Greek Grammar. By R. Valpy, 



D.D. 



with Nf . fc> Aaw fcw wjd* ni« I ii^nii Dm Lb. 
gu^. UUi«atriM,lapm*d,«(.U.Iwiarit; M. bonul. 

Greek KzercUei; or, an Introdnotion to 

OrMkCoDUMlUoi.uinuiiM u m Imd th» ■w4«iit fcf Ihi 

BKnmU of (inmnuf to lb* blaluM FuU il ainus- Br MM 

Greek Voe^laryi or, Exaci^iei on th* 

DMUnabl* Puu at BmhU. Bj Dt. M«)or, Hatd Huui W 
Siar«C*U««acbMltLsodMi. ■t.W.baaD4. 

Oredb Gradua; or, Greek, Latin, and Sag- 

IIA PMMdW Luloon. BTtli(R«*.J.BwWtD.D. Kmr«ilt. 
boprMadhf Dt. ll^)M. s*^lit. M. 

«»• TU* Ondu vlll tuvw llwpH>pn««rB iMkM 

' ^'-|"- - "t-|I TriaHI"! 

fionar'a Iliad. Tazt of Heyne, witii Bac. 

BJlW— — Jfliim w i. BilkBBn.B.FilH,B.a «ll*«U. 
•M.ie(.M.hMnd) Tral mIj, Mk adUiMI. •>•. «<. a<t. bomad. 

Of vbM mi fe« M I CtMtaHN He, Friiv^ FaHlMtM. 



VALPY'S SCHOOL and COLLEGE 
UBBKK CLAWIBB. 

Herodotnt. Containing tho CcMtlnnoQi Hit. 

Mr klMM of lU Fmlni Wm ^ (b* Bmv O. W. OMete, 
D.D. pMI ft*. l«t. bMidi. 

Plato*! Foar Dlalognes t Crito, Greater HIp- 

with Bii|UihNMM,*cl(lul and HdaeM. 8io,f).M.bt 

Xenopfaon's Anabaaii, with Englbh Notea. 
Bjf.catUmTiUJ^ 1 «diu— , tw i fci. «d. fcawfc. 

Xeoophon's Cyrapsedla, with EngUih Notea. 

BfB,H.BukM. PouaT*.M.«d.bMri>. 

Thnerdidei. Nev Reoentimi of ^ Text, 

BngjA^MM*. fee.. By lte.B«T. a. T. ■HaMaul, BdHor ai ' 



A Sarlai of Bwd iea and QneedMi^ adapted 

tathataMtaUaOnMHt, By llMaOT.C.fc«dlaf. «kadlt. 

BMwIwi fa lAtfa ProeodTand VocrififlatfcH). 
KrA*a«M. >ih XMiiM, a». ad. > lid K». n. «. «— ««. 
iMdaat lia M aaaw MdC>. kff JlwtowaatfcaBi Mr. T>Ib(. 



, AaicmBMi rrem Mr. Tilpj. 
Of wh—M wa^fc ■ ftMal— at M Mr. V«1W« FwMkMlooi. 



«aA9BE-a ABBIDaiHBNTB. 
to 1Mb. Bto. U. a*, rtath, latiaiad, 

ABBIDGSHBNTS rfVIGEB'S GREEK 
iMHCa.*^**. 
«***«M.j.aBAa8B. 

-TfcUTilawiJMalWMT*) iiw|inii Mr. ■nfHTllmlilna 
la*— WMafljMtl l aaiwawi. t afc H— 0—3 
M^dww I— ■ an jfawiMlT ilimiiTli labatdM. Ur. Baata* 
IMS MiMiad — alaai l T. aad mm »• allmt <• h«>« teanM 
vtn rfOraA Mmara--— wnp jforftb aMiiH. 

Md a«p««to, M<Wl>«:-Tlpr a* On* Idlan, ••. 
Hmmwb m Om* Pwualaa, ft. d d . B aa •> OtMfe BllipiM, 

INalaaMto dt. ad* 

l i rt iat l ainwawMiao».*>M^^— dHwlfcTriyr- 



EDITIONS «r GREEK TRAOE. 
Guide to the Readlnv of die Grade Traoa- 

4laiH,«Hiialia>lu Jl »n — jt •Tih* Oidfla ftmmt •flW' 
■■df . MatriaalR^ fr«B Panaa aad^Sn*. AwtlnU aTChanl 
■(•Mia*. ^ Jn. BjDr.lMar.HaadHaatarorBWaCallw 
Mrtwat. an-n-dd. 

••iBdUpaMaWatethoaavbo «Mi riUuruatadi OaaateM 
■■tt«ai^*»l»»»t>lw»t»aw l il B i<ffta»>Wart?^!lvMS5ir^ 

Sedwdea. wgniala, with BuUdrT^ 

k^Dr ■**. F. Tiln, Ml Mr. Bkbm. tnk. *^ 

*«*J*^ ijf aw. lEdlpM ClaMw. Aatk 

(W, TiMklaiai, PkitocWM. Aias. Blacin, t,. aacK. 

EntWdaa* Seven Plm. Edited, with Enc- 

U*Ma>«ii,brBr.M4M. rM^M«.«lMII. 

Becnba, MadM, Ph(Biil«M,OrMlM^ Aleanla, 
iBadiylaa'a PiaoMtliBlii, with Snilfak Notea, 

»r O^.^ a-Bi^, AM. TtU. OM. C—fc. MmA^atm. it. 
t mlm I tawji— a aadCa. aj aadMifc— Ma. FMIw. . 



Oi. aptia.>M>aw.a».Mwdi. 
DemoBthenei' Sevan Orations with Endiib 

Notak ByB.ll.aHfear. Fa«an.afcad.lMia. 

Loadaai W^C^** lMlawlf>a»ltr.V>l». 

Of wham maf ba bad, a Catalogua of Ht. Falpr^ PabUeaUaaa, 



VALPY'S COLLBGB and SCHOOL 
LATIlf CLAaSlOt. 

Tadtos. Brotier's Text, with hie Ezplana. 

lat(N>ta*,aiadlt«lbf d.J. ValM, ILA. Tnulalad l>io Bu. 
lUh. a>oli.pMieTa.Mi. 

TfaU I* tba Mil adMM af Twttw wkk ItafUth NoMa. 

Cioero de Offioiia, with Critled and Explaiuu 
tMTNoMa. Tmaflliiiilipi. Madtt-MLaCharal. 

Cioero deAmidtla at da SeBoante. Textof 

KnMMI, villi Nataa. B; B, R. Bykar. TMa. Coll. Uvb. «lb 
aditU^ «t. dd. booad. 

Cioero : Twelve HlaBt OrallMl. Xnl cf 

(MUai. Ki«li«h Nataa. T«.dd. kaaidt. 

Cloero'f Catilinarlan Oimtlou. Tast of Er. 

■attlt NaMt. 8y>.B.BMfe«f> 

TadtDi t a«nDBnT wnd Aadeofau Bintfir 

ndraaaav'iTMtf KdMhM. Drib Mw. MktdWM^ 

b.Sd.band. 

CMardaBeUoOamaa,«IthirelM,fto. Br 

Barkar. WaadaW, Bi. dd. i iMii ' 
I mimi iMWsnaWO*. fer AiritM^ Mr. Talpf. 
Of ■ili—w^b»l»ad,aCawlat«aafMt.TalKr»rMM1mtit. 



In Uhm. aa* ■dMaa.aMaClr ■■■iwiad, dt.dd.lH elMk. 

STUDENT'S MANUAL ; ah Etymdogicd 
aadEiplMMMnVaeatalwf adWaadi dtrtvad fraMi tha 
Br R.U. BLACK, LLJI. 



Bpiha 



>ABtk«r, 



Etraaologlcd and Bxplaoatwy IHattoaary of 

WaRlid«lvada»a>tkaLaai>. bl«« I Mm f U. doOi. 



T EHPBIERE^S CLASSICAL DIC 

J.J TlOKABr, abtldfad ftiu jUlkM^ wd Bukw^loi 
BalMalf Hftetk 8Maa> 

Bj B/H. 8ARKBB, TtId. Mt. Cank. 
TfcaaaljadHI— aa^ W laj; araaj Ailfalaln ai 
brm, dlTotadafalt laaallauT' 

ALPY'S ELEMENTS of MYTHO- 



I^Fi ar. a> aaaj and aaoclla HMan «ttba Panm 

IMllai. rtb adiUan, ti. bavnd. 

'ALPY'S POETICAL CHRONOLOGY 

«r ANCIENT avl BMtiUBR HUTOBV, «Ub llMW. 
Maw adUlM, St. od. 
inMlBBt lMaMMMdCa.*rMleMaMMBiHr.Taln> 



NEW BOITIOHS OF HAHEL'S WORKS. 
"^NIVERSAL FRENCH GRAMMAR. 

Oiammaticd Kxeidaea upon the French 
t»WP M a« » —jwil wllhOa h alMi. *>■ 

Qoaeuana oa the abore, with Key. 9d. 
Key to Hamd'd French Exerolies. 3«. 
Tlie World in Mlnlatara; eoatdi^g a 

««i1pm AaeoMt af tha dtfltaau Cautttoa of Ika WaaWL br 
MwlaUMtaMFiaadk 

Laadwi l. a a j Mia apdC*.! aaidO.a. VUltakar aadC*. 



BISHOP BUTLEE'S QEOOR&niV. ATLASES, &c. 

SKETCH of UODERN and ANCIENT 
OaOOBAPHy. N«wadlU<B,l*at.dra.»*.baai4a. 

An Afaridg enwa t oftho fame Woric, 
FaatkaUaa rfR^i— a, it. 

ATLAS af MODERN OEOOBAPHY. 
nMl«mdll«^lkMBa«rtata. IM. 

ATLAS ef ANCIENT GEOGRAPHY. 
waalMa*dMapt,wlih aiMMitaaiadlBdn. lb. 

rilENEBAL ATLAS of ANCIENT and 

V7 HODBEH OBOaaAFHF. UMlMHadHivaudTwa 
i GjiMI. ai*. 

OUTLINE GEOOBAFHICAL COPY. 
■qpM,laMatalwftaia«y 4i»prk«4<. 
<a<b, tavad. 

PBAXn en the LATIN PRBP08I. 
TlONiL N«>«dlllaB,aM.d(.dd_Saj,«i.baHdfc 
Laafnua. Oma, aad Oo, 



HANONALL'S QUESTIONS AND SEQUEL. 
0*1 J adUlM ■> wiliM vWUMOaanattat af AnOar, 
Jb lfaM.a«w«dlHM.«t.«l.kMwd, 



HISTORICAL and MISCELLANEOUS 
QUMTtONB. 

Ilj RICBMAL HANOHALL. 
BrtbaMna Aatbor, 

/COMPENDIUM of GEOGRAPHY, for 

I<.ad.ba«nd. ' 
Ah% ^Mt pabHdbad f 

i^UESTIOIfS on the HISTORY of 

\^ SonorBi aSa^Hl u tbaabon; CMprUlaf QaMUana 
•n iba Rbtwj ml iha Hatlsai af CoaUaaalal KnraBC nal um. 
■ i i k a^ad Ullwt Wort. AjJalUCatMr. ad adlUap. Idgw. 
It. baud. 

iMtaai I WW, OiM i» aad Ca. 



N 



maBABLI ILLUSTBATBDl 
•d adlHoB, PMC ITO. Tt. ai. 



M adlHoB, paat !*<». Tt. U. 

EW CURIOSITI^ of LITERATURE. 



Bj BOLTON COBItar. Af. 
A claiac Unit ■otk.'— ««<•# mag. 
A. Taaj amtlag mU rli»ai MwliBWh*— Jlldfc 
A auiMly Tiliiiii" tiiirtiii 

TbaaMhwhaa iii» i iid«MHaa«» B aiiliii.^Oi*»rt 



" Wa afcaald Ilka to na Iha ihia aaUM auk Iha paatbranl af 
""- iTTrUailii- M^witflaa irajaHiii 

Rlehanl BMtfaj, Ilai0ntb«M Huaai. 



BNCrCLOPMU MMmoBaUTAMA, 
FHaa tf. !«. rHtxEvUL tC 

THE ENCYCLOFADU METBOPO. 
UTANA. 
Alaa.aaailjTaadjftepabllcatlaa, 

Vokuna IV, af Ifaa Historical Diviaion. 

B.Fall«v**.LsdnuBttaal; and r.BlTlutaai BlM- 

rt* —4 Owdaakt T kaMa* Md Ualaaiaat aMtaHrMdCa.t K. 

**• J.Tw^nT.U. lUahUl- 



1- 

o£*d 



DR. AawilM aoiCAN lUBTOKT. 
I»a»a.f rt aa tm. 

ISTOBY cTBOME. 



BpTBOIfaa Aa«OM>.DJ>. 
Hiaur af Ba^ SahMlj laia FaUaw af CMal Calte: 
; and HaMktr aftt«Atch»al^aal Saalatj pfStmi 

BaalrRbtwr,toihaB«nlac^BaMfc<*a OmIi. 



F, C. WaHlaii aad L. A. l«*«a, Lairiaat H. 
Ml ana if . M« J. J. MUM. QMMtei. 



_ MANUAL rfS'ElNblNAVIAN 

^ HlTTUOLOGr, aaMaloiwr ■ MhUt Aoeaut af Iba 
Tm IdduL Md.lha MMiam ifOfls. lOMnud b* Tiaada. 
■aaaaawOaMi«aakll«»rtDaalrtiFa<«j,ihaOad»afMMMatlh. 

WlUlaa Plfikaatac raMkhac, •^iirti Lau. 



VBV WOBJC BT DB. CHAHHiao. 

ELF CULTURE: an Addreis, Introdac 

la Iba FnokUa lacuna, daUwdaiBaaaiifU. a. 

Bf W.B-CHAKMillO. 
Prlc«U.ad. 



Ktnl Vkwa 

PalUc*. 



rrtoadt. 



jf, «nd 



96 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, &c. 



ASUkKA'S NATOBAI. HISTORY. 



In 8nh yilce Ui. U niintiitad br I Itap of FuiVii>y ■'Id Bucnn Ay^ 
THE FIRST VOLUME OF THE 
NATURAL HISTORY OF THE QUADRUPEDS OF 
PARAGUAY AND THE RIVER LA VImATA, 

TnualatedfromtheSpanUhof DON FELIX DE AZARA, 
With a H«moir of the Author, a Fhyilail Skeidi of tha Countryf and mmuroiu Nbtai. 

By W. PERCEVAL HUNTER, Eiq. F.a.8. Z& fto. 
Mobv oCdM OmoKial Sodatj of FnoMb 
"AmnfummulnmtattivMt. Hit Jti n1|itl B ii i m not otij ueuau but nuateriy."— atafc i— . 
• • Doa FtUx dft Ajwi a tedt d«» ncdknu oumtm nr ItUitaln uUinUt da PuagwT.' 

'• Xd ivi la put* InoiplU e mnota • 
D* DMHiD mal DOB coiMMcluta c viita 
Ltt lOT na> mto parflno ipwu 
*lli>ritfifiTrtM iM nihitilliti 
B In Dgnl ul dal pMipiora Aurm 



Natnn nonu « oimUb m Impcn." 

aSjntmaHPtrimti. 

" Doa Felix Ann accuianUtlino ed iMUncaUle aatonlisu nel wog^ant di >S wud di'Mli ka fiUio ntlT America 
maridkiiiBk. per tI> d' a«Uue ridiercbe ha uricUta dl nuove toMRuaaU Koperte la itona natnnlet * dl qudla 
■pfriahmut dl diwil ipede quadnipadl flBOca aOklo MonoKlutU."— A & OuM. 

Adam and ChariMnadr/EdlnbuKh; Longman, Orme, and Co. London. 



THE UFE OP SIR WALTER SCOTT, 

New Edition, udibrra wlUi tha Wararler Nordi, Pottrj, and Fiow. 



On FiUqr* Ob 9M ofVaidi ant. pica riTe SUUinci, 
VOLUME TH£ FIRST OF 

THE LIFE OF SIR WALTER SCOTT. 

B]r J. O. LOCKHART, Esq. hU Dtarary Exaoator. 
SNond UMon. nvkadndeomctad. 
Ta ba eoaliwMd la HeatUr VohmiM, each Utaitntid wlib a Fnndiplm and Vig^ 

PRINCIPAL ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Vorlrmtta of 

«R WALTIB 8C0TT~ 
1. Whra ■ cbua 
1. After tUabBm (!■»> 
a. After Ghumri But (iMiq. 

Fortralta of 

HIS ANcaaTon BaAaoti 

HIB FATBER AMD MOTHZB 
UU OADflHTBR«.a«. 

Fhm neiam M AHaMM 



Vtewa of 

IAHDT>KiroWB 

NORTH caBTLS STBUCT 

ABBOTSFUU HOOSK. 



KALL AT ABBOTiFORD 

LIBRABT 

■TDOT 

DDHmJUKW. 



FACUMILB tW BAmilFKITIiray-rAeB OF ITAimW' 

R.Ca4dl,Edlnbiii|^i WUttakar and Co. Loodon. 



la IM. uriM to. M. 



FACTS ESTABLISHED br AUTHEN. 
TIC D0CUMKNT8, bMrios «H« ArUelMm m la- 



piiliiatia Hmtltt. 
r WlLbtAH DIXOM. 



I WactnA) ir Bfpn 



Ju»tt RUtwv Kou: Jata Lmn, iBIMiUI Lttnn, 



1b Itaih Mlc* 1*> >nrlll. 

ILflNSTREL MELODIES; a Collection 

HBNRT BRANDRRTH. 
Amcbot rf« ritfd rtewfri," kc. 
•■ChmMCTlMd » gtax flwci, rtnt apf . —a «ltMW."-X— 

IiMdMii LuDiaa, OnM, »ad Ce. 



MAONDBR'S TRBASURIB8. 
at «t. .Mh, ai. tan alh, 

XHE BIOGRAPHICAL TREASURY, 
fWinliiM Mmmtin, B kwi i km, m Maf f*-iem aT Um 
1 rfSailMM KUw* Vinmm ft— ifca awllwi twloda 

ar HlUan I. Ih. MaMW DBT. 

■■ Wa tmmm mm a ttofl* .riaw la aar laaga^ *Mlilala| 
wahaawwafl a ai M MIaa." Mn umg M tl M igm il m. 

BrlbaiaBMAalhw, 
leUi adlUaa, rtrlMd mmt (nati j nlarHd, pale. U. M. cMh, 
10(. M. raaa eUt, 

THE TREASURY oT KNOWLEDGE, 
aNd LIbran .r ItefbiMea. 

BjHAIIIIRL MAONDBR. 
" Tka BUM cMBpteUtad (Mmlly aarfal paklkuim which II 
hM mr ftllM M an IM ta MMca.'— lUknMW. 

tMdMi iiiwMi ■ad Ce. 



G 



_ l(a«adHiaa,li.baafd«. 

REEK EXERCISES in Syntax, EOIpeek 

SUmK, Ftwidj. a>d MMuhnMi. 
B, lha R«r. W. NKiZboK. OJK 

Kaji to. baafdk 
Laadan ■ [iiaijpnw, Oraw> aad Ca. 



!■ pau at.. wiMf*. clMh IMtaradt 

QELECT IDVLLS of THEOCRITUS, 

O with eapu«i SB(iiih Kouc 

Br O. B. HICKIB. LL.D. 
HMd MMltr af HavkdHad OrMMaw MMtl. 
Bdltai ar<*U*,,''Ae. 

AIM, adlMd Dr. HhUa, 

Longinas on tbe Sublime, with copiona Eng- 

lUh BqJuatatj Ifataa, Pnt to. elatli, Ittund. 

Liry, Book* I. to V. Poet Svo. 8«. 6d. bda. 

OnM. aadCa. 



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A SERIES of LATIN EXERCISES, 
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UiNATUANIKL HOWAIU>- 
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lutrodactory Latin Ezerdna. it. dd. 
Introductory Greek Exerclset, 5s. M—Key, 

to. W. 

EngUih and Oredt Vocabohvy. 3*. 

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A TREATISE on PAINTING, in Four 
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ailataairt PIcIbim af tbi lullaa, VraMlBa,nMidu DaUa, 
aad Bacll* Bchoate, and Waadcute. 

Bt JOHN BURNBT, F.R.S. 
Tha Pan* aajba bad latyila 

1. Od tbe Education of lha Eye, in nCamoa 

14 FtlatlRf t piio* I'a 

2. Oa Compodtion. Sih edition, price ISt. 

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w ll|hi and •badi, aad tha twaiWra ofcalw.baUadwIr. 
•Ma. Tbapanb.haawi1tuaaraa«l*aUad,aB<m;baaaltfd 
Um^Mi^ aad jjnwtiM afntotagi"— »ra arfOM aad rmlgw 

Jam* Caipaain, Old B«id Strati. 



la (qaara Ubm. to. Cd. bd. (aa with lha BafHih-LaUa Pan, to.) 
adldoa, Kitb asanrtal Imijmim. 

TWROwrS THESAURUS; or, Entick'i 

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taUtJ inilrtlhl ffom lh» mirti BunfipWd AnUiDni with a 

CUiilu^l ludHtrfitePnurnrlHUaBdnulMiar/Bib*. 
Bf WILUAB aRaKttt.lVA.V. 

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B.A. al (■uaaa'i C-Bllafa. Oafnd; wlA Um S^ilUblu urrfall, 
WC*n>n3itd, h} Ji.iHN i'jUeV. l.L.O- 

I^odm . rri>'i^i4 it^i l...i,|{n.^n aad Cj-; T, I'aadlj J. Ricb- 
ardm! J. ^r. tij^,,,. . luldaln uBCa.; klilnftaad K. 
WnilliEU. KiiiiilUii .-.n; . t<.~hll|B^>r ind La.; HlWrWMd 
and L'o-: riuLu ,vi nnJ v|.,t., 11.. . tiimuEin >nd Ce,! J. Saauts 
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ta ltoB» •ilb Plalaa, to. «d. beand and lattorad, 

I BE NEW PANTHEON ; or, an Intfo- 
daotlaa u ib. Hnhalan artba Aaeloa, In OMUaa 
Aamr. Na* adlUas. wuTtba Addltiaa wl lha Uilaaial 
aad Naia«n Mjibatan. 

Bf lha R«T. W. J. HORT. 
Bj tha (aoM Aalbar, 

Introduction to Clironology and Anoient 

Hlmiy. NawadlUmi, IlBa.to.baaa4. 

Laodoa: Laaflataa, Oraw, aad C*. 



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Fan I. pUcm U. tl 

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NARRATIVE ofaJOURNEY to the 
BITBgfBABrLON,lalnl.aawAnlpabUih.d. Ifa- 



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Edited b, bU WI 
t Baacaa andJIalcala 



KIW.'^ 
, PHMaaaUf Raw. 



Ialaal.CN.Mlc.1*. 

POLITICAL DISCOURSES. 

X Bj OBOROB RAM8AT. B.1C. 

TrtaHj Calliea, CaMbddf*. 
••• Tha Batlat fm* lha BaUaat WaM ■( lhaaa Dlicsaraaa. 
Adaai w* OhMl aa Bto t k. Mlalia n hi La^MaaaeCa. 



o 



Ul val.at*.Bikato. 

,N the PHILOSOPHY oT tha MIND. 
B, jAUBi ooueus. n»%. 

Of CiTaniABthtr ■( " Tha AdnaaraMal of Boclatj in 

Raawladaa ■ad Rdl|laa,~ Ak. 4h. 
Adam amd Charl** filuk, Edlnburib j I^ofman, OTma, 
and Ca. Londoa. 



NEW TRACTS on the CHURCH and the 
PRAYBR.BOOK. 

B>tii*R«i.FRBDBRICR W. PABIR,B.A. 
Faltow«(UBlnTdl,Collaga,OifMd. 
Caalaala. 

1. IballmlnOnaCalhDllaaBdApaMaUoCbBieh. ad. 
8.Th*Aael«alTWBfl.rih.C«UMlleCliBrchhtKaBlaBd. U. 
S. Tha RdbnMIlM, lad lha Oai, af KMplag la lu Pilncl- 
■!•■• ad: 

a. Tha Pnfaa<Baak • Hafcfaaid walaM Rallaleaa Kiatic- 
BwM. ad. 

a. Tba Ctaaich CuachlMi a Hadalaf Charch Rdsoalla^ u. 
a. reaBmatlra ■ WHaawfe, Obadlwe. and Uallj. W. 
7. TIM Bailal 8ac>ia.i lu DaclHaa and Coaaalatlaaa- ad. 
Thtot Tnato to^hihgla a Vdlaawi pdea a*, ad. 

RlflaciaB*, ti. Paal'i CbanhTMl nd WUariaa Flaca. 



FriMadbjJAMBa lIorBa,arBraatGfaa.HaHaTwillh,iB 
ihrCnat, af HIddlaBi. Frialar, al hli Frtatlac OiSca. Nam- 
baTnCartl.ainM,t«lciU«tSaBai«,lntliaMdCaaai*: ud 
pBMtabad b, WILLIAM ARHIUBR SCRIPP8. of Naabn 
llSaalh MalUa SUMI, UUw/ arMi arBalal Vawra*. HaM*M 
a^^g^^^g^g^g^a^^^^^^gB A g BTTli 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE; 

AND 

No. 1152. LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1839. j^iSSK 



RBVIBW OF NBW BOOKS. 

CaR/arnia t a HUlorff ef Upper and Lower 
California, ^0. jv. By Alexander ForbM, 
Esq. evo. pp. 36S. Loudon, 183fl. Smith, 
Elder, and Co. 
A oooD map and a plain liiatorical account of 
this great tract of country, yot so thinly peo- 
pled, tliat vliaterer may become iti Importance 
In futnre yeara. It strikea us that we shall be 
long eno^jih dead and bnried, before ft can re- 
quire the grave examination of the Critic or 
Reviewer. Whether Ruuia or America, or 
both, may intrude upon theee Provbioes, the 
upper one of which is stated to hold out some 
strong temptations to colonisation, It seems at 
present difflailt to dedde. Whatever may be 
the ulterior objecu of dtJier, they hare so 
mocli territory already unsettled fn and about 
their dominions, that we cannot thinic distant 
California In any Immediate danger. Sadi 
being our opinions on the luliject, we shall 
merely extract a passage or two to illnstrate 
tlia author. Premising that what settlements 
luive been made are diMy thnmgh Mexlean 
Bllaiioiiaries, we give the fonowing specimen of 1 
their trials, whimsically called " the War 

*' Having dedicated one of Uie huts which 
they had erected as a diurch, they endeavoured, 
by presents and affectionate expressions, to 
bring tlie natives towards it, who came within 
dght ; but thw pdd no attention to any thing 
except to TMMve whatever was oflbred them, 
except provisions; but on no account would 
they touch any of our victuals ; and on a hit of 
meat being forced Into a child's mouth, it spit 
it out as if it Itad been poison. Tiiisdrcum* 
atanoe waa oonsldered as a miracle from hea> 
Ten I Sat it they had been as desirous of pro. 
vislmi as ibey were of cloth, they would have 
kfk the itimngen to have starved of hunger. 
Tlieir dfliiie for all sort of cloth was extreme, 
so modi so, that the sails of the vessel In the 
bay were not safe, they having eono one night 
in thrir rush cauoes and cut ahrge piece out 
of me of them. At length precautious were 
taken to prevent lilce acts ; yet, as no punish- 
ment was inflicted, they proceeded to still 
greater lengths and stde openly, confiding in 
their numbers, and being armed with bows and 
arrows, wooden swords which cut like stecJ, 
and dubs which, are very formidable. And 
now, finding that they were oppiwed, they re* 
■olved to try their fortune and by taklngonr 
Uvea poaieu themselves of all our spoib. /This 
they attempted to do on the twelfth and thlr. 
teenth of August, but were obliged to retire. 
On the fifteenth of this month, after the Father 
Fernando had gone on board to say mass, with 
two sfddlert, four only rraoalnlng on shore, and 
our venerable president and Father BIscayno 
having finished mass at the mission, there fdl 
upon them a great xnunber oi Indians, all 
■mud for war, who began to rob every thing 
they could find, taking away from the siw 
even their sheets. The corporal Immedlatdy 
called out to arms, and when they saw the 
soldiers putting on their leather armour, and 
taking their musket^ they retired a little and 
bs;gan to shoot their arrows. l%e finir sid- 
dlem, tlie carpenter, nod tlie Idacksmith, also 
commeoced firing with much valour ; but par. 



ticularly the blacksmith, who, although he had 
not armour to defend him, advanced, calling 
out, * Long live the faith of Jesus Christ, and 
die the dogs hti memiea.' ^rUlst this was 
going on, the Father Preddent with his com. 
panioii went Inside the house, recommending 
all to Ood, and praying that there should not 
result any deaths, either among his own people, 
or among the Oaitihss ; and that the souls 
the latter might not be lost whidi otherwlia 
would be saved by future baptism. The war, 
howevw, still continued, accompanied by Uie 
terrible yells of the Indians, wlien a boy, called 
Joseph, came ninnlog In gnat haste, and pro- 
■trated himself at the feet of our venerable pre- 
sident, saying, ' Father, give me absolution, for 
the Indians nave killed mt,' Tlie good father 
abstdved him, and he died Immediately, an ar. 
row having passed through hit Aroat, but his 
death was kept secreL Of the Indians many 
fell ; and the rest, seeing the destructive eifect 
of the fire.arm8, retired, carrying with them 
the whfde of their dead and wounded, in order 
to ^eveat na ftom knowing thdr loM> They 
were enabled to conceal tine deaths, bnt the 
number of wounded was soon known, because 
In a few days they returned in peace, requesting 
to tw cured, which was done oy our good sur- 
geon. This charitable conduct on our part, 
caused them to be somewhat gratefuL and the 
sorrowful experience of their unsuooetsfol attack 
created fear and respect, wlildi made them de* 
port themselves differently frrnn what they had 
hitherto done, and they still continued to resist 
the mission, Ijiit without arms. Of the Christ- 
ians, four were wounded, viz. the Friar BIs- 
cayno, one soldier, an Indian of California, and 
the valiant blacksmith ; but none of them dan- 
geroudy, so that In a short time all were well, 
and the death of the buy was concealed.* ^ 

While CaUfumla belonged to Spain, the 
missions were supported by pious contributions, 
and the Oorernment sent soldiers to protect 
than ; but the Mexican Revolution and the 
separation of dl the Americas from Spain, this 
state of things terminated, and a new condition 
was efllected, by whidi 

" Upper California was formed Into what Is 
called a territory, and Lower Cdifomla Into 
another, on the ground of thdr respective popu- 
lation not amounting to the number entitling 
them to bo federative states ; these being e9ta< 
blished. on the basis of population. The terri- 
tories are not entitled to have governors or 
legislatures, but are allowed to send one member 
to the gennml congress. Tliis member Is en. 
titled to rit and take a part in discnssions, bnt 
has no rote. The territories are, fnrnt their 
being deprived of governors or legislatures, sub- 
ject to the Immediate government and legisla- 
tion of the general govanunenfe In Mmlco. 
Thli reduced Upper Cdlfomia to be directed 
by an agent of the governnwit^ who resided 
tliere under the denomination of commandant- 
general. This stale of things Cdifomla has not 
had as yet mucli cause to lament ; for until 
wiser leglsUtion is adopted, and greater harmony 
exist! between the general government and the 
different state legidatnres, It Is no great misfor- 
tune to bedepiiwd uf the labours of a provincid 
popular auembly. The two Califuroiai lend 



each a member to the general congress, elected 
by popular Suffrage. Tlie first deputy elected 
for Upper California was a captain of the Cali- 
fbmian Iroops, and a Soanlard by Idrth ; but on 
his arrival at San Bias ne found a law liad been 
passed excluding natives of Spdn from congress, 
and he waa obliged to return. A lieutenant 
was then elected to succeed him, who proceeded 
to the dty of Mexico, where he died. A Ser- 
jeant of tlie same oorpa was then elected, who 
served out hia term tit two years in the lUezi- 
oan congress, and then returned to his native 
country/' 

In 183G, a revolution broke out at Montert^y, 
and " They followed up these proceedings l>y 
expdling the whole ofilcida of the Aleximn 
government, and all the troopa from tlie emin- 
try, and transporting them to the Mexirnn 
terrltorj'. On receiving notice of this revolu- 
tion, the Mexican government immediately bad 
recourse to their usual mode of warfare, fulmi- 
nating furious proclamations and addresnes to 
the dtixens, appedlng to their patriotism, and 
ordering to be prepared, without dday, a for. 
midaUe expedition to proceed agdnst such au- 
dacious and unnatural sons of the republic, 
whom it was incumbent on them to put donu 
and chastise as their treasm deserved. Tlio 
first pati-ioticebuUitloii, however, soon Kubsided ; 
no expedition was prepared, Califoruta 
soon foi^otten, and it has remained for nearly 
two years to do at it pleases, t^i have a govern- 
ment of its own manufacture, or to live without 
a government at all. Being tliiis lefi tn the free- 
dom of tlidr own will, the Califomlans, true to 
the spirit which has animated all the Spaniah 
American colonies since tlidr emancipation, im- 
mediately bcoan to divide themsdvea into par- 
ties ; and dthoogh there are only about SOOO 
Spanisli Creoles in the whole country, they had 
their party of the north, which dedared for an 
entire independence on Mexico, and the pnrty 
of the south, whldi adhered to Mexico on 
certain conditions. The want of frequent rnm- 
munication with Mexico renders it quite un- 
certain what may at present (June 183D} be 
the state of the country; but it is, at least, evi- 
dent now, if there was any doubt formerly, that 
it Is at tills moment in a state which cannot 
prevent Its being taken possession of by any 
foreign force which may present itself." 

With regard to the natives of Upper Califor- 
nia, we are inrormed that they " maintain 
themselves by the seeds and herbs of the field, 
to collect which, when in season, ii the duty of 
the women. The seeds they grind, and of the 
flour make gruel ; and sometimes a kind iit 
pudding or dough, which they form into Imlls 
of tlie size of an orange. Some of this flour has 
an agreeable flavour and Is very nutritive ; that 
produced from a black seed has tlie tatite of 
toasted almonds. To this diet they add fish 
which they catch on the shores of the bay, and 
which are exceedingly good ; they have also 
shdl-fiih in abundance. In addition they have 
the produce of the chase and wild fowl; such 
aa dear, rabbits, geese, ducks, quallii, &c It 
also sometimes happens that a wliale is driven 
on shore, an event which they celebrate with 
great rejddngs, as they vdue its flesh and 
blubber above all tUn^ They roast tlie flesli 

Digitized by LjOOg 



98 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



of tilis animal in hold made in the earth ; and 
when their first voracity is appeased, they Iiang 
up the remainder on tlte troes, and cut piecet 
oh as they do with (be seal, which they esteem 
next to the whale. la the woods they alio find 
acorns which tliey nind In like manner and 
make f^ruel and balls of. There are likewise 
nuts of the same quality as in Spain ; and on 
the high ground and sand.hills, strawberries of 
excellent flavour, and much larger than those 
of Europe ; wliich rtpen iu the months of Slay 
and June. There is likewise a blackberry 
which Is found io great abundance. In the 
highlands there is an edible root whioli they 
call ' Amole/ aboot the size of an onion, and 
which, after being roasted in their ovens, has 
an agreeal>le sweetish taste. Another variety 
of this amole serves all the purposes of soap; 
but of this the natives have no need, as 
their clothing is very scanty. This Indeed Is 
ezoluslnly confined to the females ; the men 
going without any except what nature gave 
them. The other sex, however, even the 
young girls, have always some oovenng which is 
made of the tul£, orliulrush, and whicli consists 
nf one piece before and one behind, In the man- 
iier of a petticoat: they hare also a piece thrown 
over th«r shoolden. The men la the morn- 
ings are aocustomed to plaster tbamsdves over 
with mud. This they say keeps oot the cold { 
and accordingly when the snn grows hot they 
wash it off. These people hare their marriages, 
but they consist of no other ceremony than the 
consent of the parties, and they are only bind- 
ing till they AUagna or dwose to part. They 
have no ower mod« of canoeUIng a marriage 
than by using the phrase, * I throw yoa away.* 
It is nevertbeleu true that we found many 
couples, both young and (^d, who lived In great 
unity and peace ; esteeming their children, and 
their cliildren them. Fareutageor reladonship 
fiirms no obstade to tbelr intermarriagea. It is 
very oommon for the wlb to nrgo her Iinaband 
tit marry her dsterS| and even tliehr mother t 
and the common custom Is, when a man first 
marries, that he takes the whtrfe of the sisters 
for wives. These many wires of one husband 
live without jealousies or dispotes, each losing 
on the wbola of the children as if they were 
their own, and the whole living In one house. 
In fact th« first baptisms made at this mission 
were of three children all bom within two 
months, sons of an Indian man and <tf three 
sisters, to all of whom he wu married j as well 
as to their mother." 
With this we conclude. 



Tht Boff'a Country-BwA ; being Me nal Lift 

nf a Country Hoy. Written by Himself. 

£dited by William Uowitt. 12mo. pp. 308. . 

London, 1839. Longman and Co. 
Befose proceeding to notice the present vo. 
lume, we are io duty boond to give ttie author's 
account of himself t-.- 

" I was bom mi the borden of the Peak of 
Derbyshire. Aly father was a man of property, 
who was engaged in collieries, and liad besides 
a fancv for all sorts of mining concerns. In 
the village which we inhabited there were two 
or three good families, but, unfortunately for 
me, there were no children in them. There 
wereseveral formers too, but lliey were exactly 
in the same predicament, so that my own bro* 
thera being so mnch ddw as to be at distant 
schools, or much too young to be field-playfel' 
lows, I was thrown in a great measure upon 
the t'liildren of the cottagers for companions; 
and this was rather a dangerous situation in 
two respects. I was In a fair way to contract 
all their vulgarities, without gaining mut^ 



information beyond that country knowledge 
which is the peculiar property of all bnvs, — 
knowledge of all sorts c^sports, mischief, climb* 
ing, rabbit-keeping, blrds'-nesting, fishing, and 
such like things. It was still more dangerous 
by making me a superior, likely to be flattered 
and sought after, witliout any playfellows of 
equal pretensions, whose self-will would place 
Itself sturdily In opposition to my own, and 
tend to keep down pride and notions of self- 
importance. It was a perilous pre-emineooe. 
However, of all this I never thought then, and 
to me the society of peasants was quite as good 
as that of princes. They were bold, active 
lads, full of life and overflowing spirits, and 
that was enough. Perhaps ttiey were, In 
reality, rather more agreeable from the secret 
feeling that they were all my humble servants." 

Now, it strikes usforciblv that there Is rather 
too muA bounce about alt this : are not all 
poor and industrious families " good families P" 
at oonid any other but a proud and vain boy 
ever think of making his playfellows his 
"humble servants?" This love of dispbiy 
would alone convince us that Mr. Howttt was 
the author of the volume, without recalling to 
our memory that several portions of It hare 
Iwig ago svpoared in one of Ae JuTanlle An- 
nnals with nil name. But this is not a work 
to call down any severe orlticlsm ; for In spite 
of a few drawbaocs, it is a very amusing volume, 
— one of the best boy*s books which we have 
seen for some time, and written generally In a 
plain and easy style, which it requires no great 
effort of mind to understand. This Is great 
praise, and the volume ts deaervlnc of It t and, 
although Mr. Howitt fancies that he has not of 
Ute received the most courteous treatment at 
our hands, yet we have In every instance, to 
the bestof our judgmenu, dealt honestly by his 
works] and never condemned (as we had pre- 
viously never praised and reodnd thanks there, 
for), without Just cause. There are, evra 
here) many faulu of taste, wlilch, if we were to 
set ourselves the task of pointing out, would 
not be very favourable ; but they are so am- 
ply balanced by passages of beauty, and life- 
like reality of description, that it would be 
unfair to dwell upon uiem : wimesi the foltow- 
log, which makes ample amends for wluit we 
have before qaoted : — 

" I promised to tell my readers how I learned 
to ride ; and I can assure them that the rtdlng> 
school of a country lad Is often a very funny 
one. The regular riding-master may teach you 
to ride gracefully, but as to sticking on a horse, 
commend me to the country lad's ridlog-sdiocd ; 
which is now a common, now a lane, now on 
ass-back, now on horao-bock, now on dog. 
back, now on cow-back, and not very sd. 
dom on the shaggy back of a good thumping 
mastifl', or the odoriferous chine of a sturdy 
goat. Anything that has a back, and can 
move, is a nag for a country ladj and good 
swinging gates and spinning tumatiles wbrd 
him no iiioonsiderable exercise and instruction 
in the necessary art of sitting at ease on the 
ridge of a moving thing, whether with legs .or 
witliout tliera. • • • • 

" Hy first horse was, of course, a stick ; my 
second, one of those spotted stralght-ie^ed 
steeds already mentioned ; my third, a mdtlng- 
horse I and of this particular uorse It Is difllciilt 
to say too much In praise. It is wonderful 
what hursemansliip may be acquired on the 
rocking-horse. It does that for n hul which is 
tlio main tiling of all, It gives lilm confidence. 
He learns to balance himself, to feel at ease, to 
hold his whip and bridle; and. In fact, be 
acquires all the chief principles of this popular 



science. I have seen children of not more than 
six and seven years obi, on first quitting their 
woodeu horses for their real ponies, mount 
them with confidence, and gallop them, and 
leap them across ditdies with all the mastenbip 
of grown men. Itly next horses were of that 
miscellaneous class just adverted to. There 
was a row of turnstiles between our village and 
the next, which afforded us many an hour's 
merry practice ; three or four lads sitting on 
one at once, and one or two others twirling 
them round. Then, Uiere was scarcely a gate 
: that we oonM get open, but It was swinging to 
and fro with all its, or rather our, might for 
hours together ; then there were see-saws, or 
queevels, as we termed them, made of a long 
plank laid across a log, where we experienced 
many ups and downs in the world In a very 
little time. And, let It' be noted that all this 
was no despicable practice ; the twirling round 
is a good preparatlan for a dmilar rotatory mo- 
tion In a quadruped steed, whliA it sometimes 
takes Into its head to treat you to; and the 
Bwlngliig and banging of a good active gate U 
no bad Introduotiou to those sideward motions 
of a horse, called shying, or starting away from 
under you. If you are not a pretty good oorse- 
man, at the sight or sappoMtlen i» something 
supematnraL— sniAi as the flutter of a bird out 
of a hedge, or the rustle of a leaf, or the taking 
off iMT a b^gar's hat Just In the face of you. 
We rode very actively, too, on any long strong 
bough that we could pull down In a tree low 
enoagh for us to mount upon— not unfrequently 
even mounted grave-alones, as a troop of sd- 
diers, Just as Bewidi hasdeKril>ed a set of lads. 
Of course, there was not an au tliat could be 
caught on the oommon or In the lanes thot was 
not pressed Into our service, and he that can 
set an ass a-goIng against lils will, and stick on 
his back too. Is no mean rider. Everyone that 
has made the eicperimaat knows, and he onlv, 
all the cunning and the tricks of that reputedly 
stupid animal. First, yon are tainted as yon ap- 
proachlt with the most admirably directed kicks. 
Whichever way you approach, you find the tail 
and heels of the animal presented to you ; or if 
there be several lads endeavonring to hem him 
up In a oomer, without which I hold It a moral 
ImposdUlity to catch a good knowing ass at all, 
tfa* head and heeb seem to present themselves 
very wtmderfiiHy towards tbree-foiirths of the 
company, and the rest are treated to those side 
lunges and open-mouthed snatches, that require 
the quickest eyes and the nimblest heels to get 
out of the way. But suppose the great act of 
securing and mounting accomplished, the next 
greet act is to move him. Bewick has aliewii 
you, iu a ragged lad standing at the ass'a tail 
with a formidable gorse bush very skilfully 
applied, the most efllcacioua of all modes nt pro- 
pulsion ; but, this once attained, then Indeed Is 
tlie mmnent of real dlAculty. Off goes the ass 
for a few paces, then backward he goes as fast, 
then sideways ai rapidly,— this way, tliat way, 
and then down goes his liead to the gmnnd, 
and up goes his stern Into the air. He that can 
sit through alt these evolutions can sit ihrouglt 
anything. And, if he has sate tlirough them, 
let him still be alive, for the next thing wilt Im> 
fur the ass to lay himself leisurely down, and na 
leisurely begin to roll himself over. Tlils la liis 
last resource. If he does not see a pool that he 
can run Into, where he will remain very quietly 
for at least half a day with bis rider ; or, if ho 
does not see a good jMst or trunk of a tree, or a 
rough hedge, or a wall, that he can dolitwrately 
grind the boy's legs against. Cris Nrwtnn will 
renumber his experlenoe of wall-grinding as 
loag»ihellves.» r\f-iCf\i> 
Digitized by VjOOy IC 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



AH thU is very excellent, tind written In » 
right spirit ; and tbe liook abounds in numlier- 
le« jmsaaffes of similar power &nd simplicity. 
We could not, however, Iielp smiting at the 
anlhor's ailment in favour of robbing birds of 
their eggs, bnt not of their young: Itis through' 
out very ingenious, but still, wo tliiiilc, not fully 
** proven." We have an Interesting account of 
tbe Quakers* school at Ackworth, In York- 
shire, with aneodotes of poor M^'iffen, and 
others; and many painful descriptions of the 

Ittde tyrannies ** which exist In i^aoea of this 
kind, which^ considering the itriot reserve un. 
der vhidi the chfldreo of the Friends are 
brought up (In general), we read with no small 
d^ree of astomibment ; especially when we 
found that our author was cnmpellM to *■ shew 
fight *' in his own defence. Ttie volume is very 
neatly and ai^roprlately Illustrated; and we 
eariMStly recommend It as a present to all book- 
loving boys, confident that It will furnish them 
with mudi useful information and amusement i 
nor need graver heads be afraid to bend over It, 
for It will recall pleasant times and happy hours, 
the memory of wlilch we all fondly cherish. 

GoBth$*$ Conrnfondmct with • Child. 3 vob. 
laow. YtA. III. INary. London, 1BS». 
Longman and Co. 
tir this volume Bettlna Amim, " the child," 
who was, wt Eanoy, • woll-fnnni lass, and is a 
married woman, beeeraw mora truly Oemun, 
leM EagUahf and mere grotesiiue and cntartdn- 
In^ Ihan ever. T^te the Dedication. 

"ToOnEl^lMiBads. 
"GMlMMal 
" The noUs cup of mir meUUhMMM toofs* so oftsD 
MmmsA with InmoitalltT, bm fllM with odd but pure 
^ tejr (t rn t g Ht , do Mt Tttxae to ttne ir yau rdUh 
Hi iptm to beXMWl^ ttough not hoRMbocn. 

■• BrrriitA Akh u." 

A Preamble follows this, which ezplalna the 
causes of tbe fair author*! bMoning her own 
transhtor, from whidi w« oopy a fliw lia(% 
way of a droll sample. 

** I was not aoiuBtnted with the &iri]sb 
tongtWk therefore relied upon tbe oonserant- 
ness of my translator! t the recapitulating of 
their version I tried to follow with oomparing 
it to the German text. Often my ear was hart 
by words lack of muilc^ rhythm, that in the 
Gmnan text by their harmonious eoanda, and 
oven hy Ihs union of their single part%»«dce 
poetic sensatloo, I must ylcM to hare then 
sappUed by sueh ai want all h>f)ty strain i soaU 
my objeetions my rdaitleas translator opnoMd 
the impossibility of translating it, the ngow 
againat any arbitmrineas in that famguage, and 
besidcB ita penury that allows no great diolee, 
It couiiUng but in thirty thonsand worda.^1 
thought, if I only did know thorn, to be tore I 
wooltT find the Ag\iL The printing had dmost 
oomo to end, when, by a varlanoa between tbe 
printer and tranalator^ it was Intermpted ( tlien, 
by the inspiraUon of deqwir, I ventured to oon« 
tiuue translating. I never could have guessed 
those diflioiltles that fell mom heavily upon 
nw, tlnui upon any knight-orrant who tnco, 
with the hi^ of pr^tlous spirits, to overoome 
imponibilitiea. Wliat erroneous ways have I 
hastened throuj^i ; how often hare I ferreted 
for words that do not exist, or bolted espresijons 
offered In so many dlverstng shapes that the 
choice disturbed me hlghlvf how oftM tn the 
night, tbe word fin- wnicn I had pried with 
despair the whole day iu every nook of my head, 
awakened me In a hurry out of deep sleep, and 
liowfelt I dellgbled whensuddenly it was found; 
I held it Itetnreen my lipa as a pearl or diamond 
found in the dark, and in the morning I ran to 
the book to write it down ; nay, 1 was )l^ a 



liliiid man going to work without a guide. 
Wtiat a copiousness of words with their flexure 
overflowed me; how abundantly gracious seemed 
to me those varieties of flexlous ; I would have 
tbem all inweavod In my version^ and desponded 
in choosing the finest, the noblest, the most 



other, one forcex up the other. The spirit wll I 
eiijunisal with seriM t I will be loved or I will be 
felt, is the same." 

And dashing hence a hundred p^ee on we 
have a sort of oniitext. 
" When I Itehold myself and my doing and 



eloquent, and euphonical among all. Often ^ my aspirin)?, tlien I am Instantly stnick with 
having studied a whole night, when in the | thoughts <^ which I feel, they have n nettled 
morning I would peruse It, I was obliged to | reference to a settled appearanco within me; 
stud^ It anew by help the dictionarv. My as certainly also in the different epochs of the 
Inquiries led me upon thorns and thistles on a ' plant's life, their nutriment adopts n divei-^e 
misty path, where I could not see a step before 'spiritual direction; that, for instance,in tilooni' 
my feet, but where I fell upon so beanteoui ex> iiw, their food, whieh indeed consists in tho 
preesiona I would compound with my text, self-same etementa, intends a metamorphosl*, 
though I did not know how to make use of enhanced within itself — for this nutriment 
them; thestmngeetymologies,even as blossom- shews itself In the life of the plant, no longer 
dust transported by sedulous bees from foreign merely v^etatlng, but perfuming, fragrant, 
lands to their homely field, variegating the inspirited with the plant's spirit. Thonglits of 
flowerage of their words. Vulgar people know this kind bless me, when I make pence with 
not of the treasures upon tbeir lips, by which myself, and accept of shimber, as conciliating 
genius produces the honey- dropping fruit. ; myself. Thus I felt last night before sleeping. 
Then I ml in lore with this bngiuge that tor. ns if my oivn mind was in lore with me, and 

then I slept tranquillity deep Into my soul; 
and awoke from moment to moment, nnd be- 
came aware of thoughts. Witbout meditnting 



mented me ao much, that I almost got a fever 
of despwr.** 

All this Is very good, and the confession 
about translating In her sleep lets lu Into a : further on them, or exploring tbeir contenu, 
secret : t. «. that many other translators who ' nay, without comprehending many of tbem, I 



bave not acknowledged It, have produced their 
works in the aameiomnamhaUur manner. Our 
Bettlna prooeedt to hunant Ooethe and entreat 
Mr, L(H)gman to supply his place of patron and 

Crotector to her yearning alTectlons. We trust 
e will not be so hard-hearted as publlshen In 
general are accused of bdngi bat who eoold 
rerist this appeal P 

**Now aa I have no friend yonder, and no 
conneirion, I am like a Urd that flies from Its' 
nest over the ocean, or a niant, to climate in a 
foreign land, must dole till It is rlvetted in the 
soil ; therefore I beseech Mr. Longman, who 
grants me the hononr of publishing my book, to 
get this little preamble Inserted In the Quar- 
terly or Edinburgh reviews, for Inform- 
Ing, that if there are stilt other Englishmen, 
who, as Bymn would have done, are Inclined 
to preserve in their deep mind and protect 
such vouthfully Inspirited feelings, I should 
like^ tney seen the pages of my dixry." 

Though the lAltrarjf GoMtUe ts not men- 
tioned, we venture to volunteer ourselves in- 
stead of the '* Quarterly," with whli^, as far as 
we have heard, Mr, Longman has little to do. 
So now for a page of the Diary 

Thou hast said It to me then at parting, 
thou hast asked from me to write thee alt, and 
truly what t think and feel, and I would fain ; 
but, dearest, the strange ways, scarcely en- 
lightened by the dawning torch of sense, how 
shall I describe them to thee ? These dreams 
of my happiness! — for happy do I dream my* 
sel